Skip to main content

Full text of "Machinists monthly journal"

See other formats

This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 
to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 
to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 
are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other marginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 
publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing this resource, we have taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 

We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain from automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attribution The Google "watermark" you see on each file is essential for informing people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liability can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

at http : //books . google . com/| 

Digitiz€^.teiy V^OO^l^ 

Digitized by 


Digitized by 



Digitized by 


Digitized by 






i^-yr?^: .'■> v 

uigiiizea by 


Armstrong Bros. Tool Co. 

98 West Washington Street, Chicago. 

JWechanics* pine Tools 


Tools and Materials for Bicycle Constructioa. 


Have jroa the ArmttroBf PMcot Tool Holder* oa ytmr latbe? 

Yoa ebouM hove thein If year ebop to up te dote. 

Tell year foreaua that bo can order a eet for yoit on tbirty days' trial. 


Calipers, Dividers and pine X<>ols 

Oar new Firm Joint Cftllpers, here lllos- 
trated, ar**, we helloTe, the besi of this 
style made. We use cruclhle sheet steel. 
The calipers are finely tempered.^ they 
win spring right baek to place (do more 
r>ent legs to stralghteu). The )«»iutCMn 
>e adjusted without ^'roughing up." 

Light. .Handy... Durable. 

Our sizes from 10 Inch and up haTe our 
new vise clamp which adjusts the joint h^ 
tightly as desired. A radical improvement. 
Outside and Inside In all sizes from 4 to 
24 Inches: Hermaphrodite in sizes from 
8 to 12 Inches. Write for our hand book, 
entitled "Shop Pointers." 

J.Stevens Arms^Tool Co. 

Chicopee Falls, Ma8s....P. O. Box io8. 

uigitizea oy vjv>'v>rp:^i\^ 

JOHN W. GIBSON, Bnjrinecr U. S. Nary. 
Member ol No. 162, 1. A. of M.. Cincinnati. Ohio. 

Digitized by 







Digitized by 


0. DOUGLAS WILSON, Editor and Manager, 
950 MoNON Block, Cmicaoo, III. 

W. N. GATES, Advartiaing Agant, 
29 Euouo Ave., Cleveland, Ohio. 

Vol.. XI. 

Chicago, January, 1899. 

No. I. 

Behold, the New Year cometh! 

His face is youner and fair; 
The merry bells are ringring. 

There's music everywhere. 
Oh, happy, happy greeting! 

Oh, happy, happy day 
That lights our path before us 

And laughs our cares away. 

OSTLY fools" would seem to 
be as accurate and pertinent 
with reference to the average 
workingman of to-day as it 
was when Thomas Carlyle 
made use of the expression in connec- 
tion with the population of Great Brit- 
ain. The average workingman of to- 
day, through his inertia — his careless- 
ness in connection with anything that 
would benefit hii^i self. and Ivs,cl^s§ C9I- ^ 
Icctively — gives Jarif t>n'e,€rr'' opj>octij;ilt^ : 
to place him intHeVam'e 'category* that' 
the Sage of Chelsei.'iJlairp/!' Jhe^ th'cfjor 
portion of the Brit<mnK:'*popi(Uatioar 

The American ^vofKfpj^tijojrs ;rj gjhjCs 
and power greatop^flfe« iv^'iu^ •^\iei: «;n- 
joycd by the "hewers of wood and the 
drawers of water'' in the whole history 
of man, but through his ignorance. of 
his own strength and a want of appreci- 
ation of what are his rights, he is as 
helpless and we\k as was Samson when 
Delilah robbed him of his locks. He is 
asleep. He dreams. 

Dimly he sees changes taking place 
in economic conditions that affect him 
more than any other stratum of the so- 
cial structure, yet he makes no' effort 
to mold these conditions to conform 
with his needs and his rights. He sees 
combination and co-operation taking 
place on every hatid; individuals of 
every class, except his own, getting 
together and gooling their strength and 
reaping the benefit that comes with 

He sees cunningly constructed fin- 
gers of steel, not only duplicating the 
skill of which he was formerly so proud 
— which wooed him into the belief that 
he was strong enough to fight life's 
/ battle alone — but improving upon it, 
'and through an increase in pro- 
duction as well, taking and hold- 
ing the position in which he for- 
merly thought he was impregnably 
entrenched. He finds himself displaced 
in the new social and industrial econ- 
omy — displaced by the machine! Still 
he slumbers. 

He sees virtue vanquished and vice 
triumphant on every hand. He sees 
venality and corruption canonized, 
while honest endeavor is hounded from 
pillar to post, with nowhere to lay its 


uigiiizea oy ^ 


head. The remuneration of the wage- 
slave screwed down to a mere subsis- 
tence, and the dropsical stocks of the 
employing corporation paying three 
hundred per cent! Still he doesn't 

He sees his little children forced into 
the factory when they ought to be in 
school; his wife going out to compete 
with the Chinese laundry, or bringing 
home overcoats to finish at four cents 
apiece, or white shirts at five and fur- 
nish her own thread! For himself, 
nothing but rent, ruin and enforced idle- 
ness. Hunger and oppression. Bent 
form and lack-lustre eyes. Pinched 
cheeks and hollow chest. Poverty, 
misery, decay, death. He hears the 
hungry cry of his ragged children as 
they clamor for bread. He hears the 
wail of anguish from their godfor- 
saken, overworked mother as she tear- 
fully tells them of the larder's empti- 
ness. He hears his daughter's shriek for 
help as poverty forces her in all her 
purity to become an inmate of prosti- 
tution's den. All this, and he is becom- 
ing uneasy in his sleep. 

The true picture of his life in all its 
tragic ghastliness is being shown to 
him; grimly pathetic in every detail, the 
picture cannot 'fail to wake him up to 
the fact that collectively he is "mostly 
fool." He is awake now to the fact 
that there is something wrong; but he 
does not yet realize that he holds the 

When he grasps this idea: that the 
competitive system under which we live 
is responsible for all the ills from 
which he suffers; that his ballot 
strength collectively exercised in favor 
of co-operation would remedy these ills 
— he will no longer be numbered among 
those brought into being by the sneer 
of Thomas Carlyle. 

That Industrial Commission recently 
appointed by President McKinley will 
soon be getting down to business. Its 
proposed work is along the line of pro- 
posing legislation that will improve the 
co—«-*- — '^f labor. This is its specific 

duty. In the words of the act that gave 
it existence this duty is laid down as 

To collect information and to consider 
and to recommend le^slation to meet the 
problems presented by labor, agriculture 
and capital. 

The problems that confront this new 
body are numerous and intricate, and if 
it is intended that something shall be 
done of benefit to labor, labor — partic- 
ularly the organized portion of it — 
should do all in its power to assist the 
commission, both by suggestion and in- 
formation^ It is useless to think that 
the lone representative of labor who has 
a seat on this commission can do anjr- 
thing without outside assistance. *Tis 
folly to think so — he can not. There- 
fore, every workingman who has a 
thought or a suggestion to make, that 
he thinks would be of value as show- 
ing what are the necessities of labor, let 
him stand up and be heard. If he 
doesn't, and the commission accom- 
plishes nothing, he is to blame; if he 
offers a suggestion or two and noth- 
ing comes of it, he is blameless and — 
nobody is disappointed. 

In case the commission has not yet 
succeeded in getting a subject to work 
upon, the Journal would suggest the 
following, and if there are not a suf- 
ficent number to keep its members em- 
ployed at eight hours a day for the two 
years of the commission's existence, 
then the Journal will, with pleasure, dig 
up a few more: 
The unemployed. 

•. : :*5^R^i€mV-.fts/ c|)i;tfj and its rem- 

. TS^%- ••• • • • ••• • • 

CpQvjct lab<35— ^sitpuld it be allowed to 
ent^r/Che Ie*OHJpitil{ve field with free 
labor?.. ^ ..• ,••• • 

Strikes an3 fiow to prevent thcni. 

Emigration — should it be restricted or 

Abolishment of the sweat-shops. 

Postal savings banks. 

How can the unemployed of the cities 
be induced to go back to the land and 
agricultural pursuits? 

Digitized by 



If the commission can just chip 
around the edges of these propositions 
in the two years allotted to it, it will 
do well, and if it succeeds in intelligent- 
ly and permanently solving any one of 
the problems, not only will it prove that 
there is a reason for its existence, but 
every workingman and every working- 
woman under the banner of labor will 
arise and call it blessed. 

The second day of this month will 
witness the inauguration of the first Soi 
cialist mayor in this country. By the 
municipal election held at Haverhill, 
Mass., last month, Jphn C. Chase, aged 
twenty-eight years, a clerk in a co-op- 
erative grocery store, was chosen mayor 
as the candidate of the Social Democ- 
racy by a plurality of 350 votes in a field 
of six candidates. With him on the 
victorious ticket were three Sociali^st 
candidates for aldermen and three for 

Mr. Chase declares that his only pur- 
pose is to educate the people along 
Socialistic lines, and his only duty in 
ihe mayor's office will be to carry out 
the principles of the local party plat- 
form, which are as follows: 

Article 1— The acquisition by the munici- 
pality of the public utilities, such as 
Rtre«t railways, ^as and electric lierht 
plants and all other utilities requiring a 
franchise, the same to be operated by the 
operatives, co-operatively, subject by di- 
rect vote to the whole people; the em- 
ployes to elect their own superior officers, 
but no employe to be discharged for i>oli- 
tieal reasons. 

Article 2— We demand the abolition of 
the contract latM>r^ system on all public 
works. , , e '. . , ' - ' / 

Article 3— We -Icitnand that eife^t boiira * 
constitute a day's worX with a minimunl ' 
wa«e of 12 per diem. , « . ^ ; 

Article 4— We demc'Ad' thiV p.ll hclarles 
and wa^es paid by t&e lAbrifclpttTity be in 
proportion to the 8ervi<j*i8 reftdered, 

Article 5— We d<*m8^tf* iljat,\t^^;ci;ty. 
when necessary, l\iyhish * iiit)ptr "food, 
clothing and shoes to all children who 
are kept at home on account of lack of 
proper food, clothing and shoes. 

Article ft— We. demand that the full 
powers of the • municipality be exercised 
for the relief of the unemployed, not by 
charity, but by the establishment of pub- 
lic works for their employment. 

Article 7~We demand the abolition of 
grade crossings and every other menace 
to human health and life. 

Article 8— We demand that the burden 
of taxation be distributed in exact propor- 
tion to the holding of each citizen. 

Article 9— We demand the abolition of 
all secret sessions of the city council, 
and that a public record be kept of the 
vote of each member on all questions. 

Article 10— We demand the adoption of 
the principles of the initiative and refer- 
endum and proportional representation. 

Article 11— We demand that all officers 
be subject to recall by the respective con- 

Article 12— We demand the abolishment 
of secret balloting in the city council." 

Mr. Chase is a native of New Hamp- 
shire. He began work in a woolen mill 
when only eight years old, coming out 
of the mill for a few months' schoolinj: 
each winter. Later he was employed in 
a shoe shop, completing his education 
bjr a course of private lessons in the 
evening. He became interested in 
trades unionism and since coming to 
Haverhill in 1890 has been prominent 
in labor circles in that city. He has 
frequently been the party's candidate 
for office and was the unanimous choice 
for the mayorality. 

He is only a clerk in the co-opera- 
tive store, although he is the president 
of the Haverhill Co-operative Society, 
which controls this and another store 
in the same city. He had been pre- 
viously employed for five years in shoe 
factories in various positions and was 
always, a staunch union man. His sal- 
ary as mayor of Haverhill will be 
$2,000 per year. 

In talking to the Journal in reference 
to the platform upon which he was 
elected, he said: 

"Our campaign is not revolutionary, 
but one of education. We shall force 
nothing down the throats of the peo- 
ple, but will seek to educate them until 
they ask for these things that we recom- 

Every well-wisher of labor and its 
cause wjll rejoice in the election of so 
good a trade unionist as John Chase 
to the mayor's chair of a progressive 
city like Haverhill, and his progress will 
be watched with keen interest, both by 
those in sympathy with his platform as 
well as those who are opposed to co- 
operative ownership of anything. May 

uigiiizea oy 'K^KJXj^vy^ 


success crown his efforts, and may it be 
but the forerunner of many similar vic- 

That philanthropic and ancient 
patriarch, Russell Sage, is quoted as 
saying that he is only worth $50,000. 
The philosophic mind has long ago de- 
cided that he is worthless. 

The Gendron Wheel Company, of To- 
ledo, O., has adopted our union label, 
and hereafter all wheels turned out by 
this company will bear one of those 
highly colored designs which indicates 
that the product upon which it is seen 
is the result of skill ajid fair conditions. 

The agreement was entered into last 
month, when J. F. Mulholland, the pres- 
ident of the Bicycle Workers, repre- 
sented the allied trades that appear on 
the label, while Mr. J. F. Vogel, who is 
secretary of the company, represented 
the Gendron Company. The following 
is a memoranda of the agreement: 

Toledo. O.. Dec. 2, 1898. 
Mr. J. F. Vogrel. secretary, represent- 
ing the Gendron Wheel Company, does 
hereby make application on behalf of 
said company for the use of the union 
label, issued Jointly by the Interna- 
tional Union of Bicycle Workers, the 
Metal Polishers. Buffers, Platers and 
Brass Workers* International Union, 
and the International Association of 
Machinists (all hereafter to be known 
as the parties of the second part), 
through their representative, and in 
consideration of the use of the said union 
label, the said Gendron Wheel Company 
(hereafter to be known as the parties of 
the first part), af^ree to conform to the 

First— That none but members in good 
standing of the parties of the second part 
shall be employed by them. 

Second— That the rules of the parties 
of the second part relative to the work- 
ing of their members shall be observed. 

Third— That in all disputes or disa- 
greements the parties of the first part 
agree to deal with the various shop com- 
mittees or their highest authority. 

Fourth— The only valid causes for dis- 
charge shall be: First, dishonesty; or 
second, neglect of duty; or third. In- 
competence, the third cause to be inop- 
erative after one (1) month's (26 days') 
service. M ► *• I 

Fifth— That the said union labels shall 
be placed on the bicycles of the parties 
of the first part, at their expense (for 
time only), and in such place as the par- 
ties of the second part shall specify. 

Sixth— That the parties of the second 
part shall at all times have full charge 
of and the handling of the unused union 

Seventh— That the parties of the sec- 
ond part are to be the Judges ajs to 
whether the above terms are faithfully 
complied with, and in the event of 
their violation, or of dispute between 
the parties hereto, it is agreed that the 
parties of the second part shall have 
the undisputed right to withhold their 
union label. 

And in consideration of the faithful per- 
formance of and compliance with the 
above, the parties of the second part 
agree as follows: 

First- To supply all union labels needed 
for actual use only, free of cost for print- 
ing or paper. 

Second— To use their Influence to have 
their members in the employ of the par- 
ties of the first part, serve faithfully. 

Third— To advertise and promote the 
sale of that part of the product of the 
parties of the first part bearing upon the 
said union label, over and above that of 
those firms who do not use the union 
label, a true copy of which is hereby af- 

This agreement shall be in full force and 
effect from above date, and shall only 
be terminated by a violation, or by thirty 
(30) days' notice in writing by either of 
the parties hereto. 

Signed for the parties of the first part, 

Per J. F. Vogel, Secretary. 

Signed for the parties of the second 

International President. 

On the first of last month Mr. Mul- 
holland succeeded in getting the H. C. 
Tillotson & Co. to enter into and sign 
the same agreement. This company is 
also located in Toledo, so that there will 
be no excuse for union men to specu- 
late in a non-union wheel next season; 
particularly the union men of Ohio. 

%:*Iitj*tV&''lat<ir.*diiifi€/? given by the 
.• feJ)eib-Reforrt CIuir*<ft New York last 
montlVjD^^gJiJ^pliorne of the British 
Tradpi*tJAibii«CoAgi5ess was one of the 
gt^e^pfAoffiJC'iWhfen called upon to 
m^e***^ .spXv'S •JjC t^iOC a great many of 
those present to thinking when he said: 

In politics the workingmen of England 
have made much progress. In the last 
election in my district we won fifteen 
seats. We elected ten out of twelve coun- 
cilmen, and of the six aldermen chosen 
five were workingmen. 

If we would only do as our brother 
workers that Mr. Thome spoke about 

uigiiizea oy '^^jOOvlC 


have done we would be a great deal 
nearer the partial solution of the labor 
problem than we are at present. When 
we learn to vote properly, "social re- 
form" won't be so very far away. 

Early last month dispatches from 
Washington, D. C, stated that the sit- 
uation in Porto Rico promises to force 
on Uncle Sam — for a time at least — the 
experiment of federal ownership of tele- 
graph and telephone lines. 

The war department now controls all 
lines in Porto Rico and in the evacu- 
ated sections of Cuba. The latter, how- 
ever, is looked upon as merely tran- 
sient. In both places the lines are be- 
ing repaired and the government is 
handling commercial messages after 
government matter. 

In six months from the first of this 
month the signal service expects to be 
able to furnish some interesting data 
as to the profit in the insular wire serv- 

> 4 

It seems hard to understand how 
those two brothers got arrested for be- 
ing intoxicated in Lewiston, Me., the 
other day. They must have got out of 
that state to get into that state. 

The only new development in the 
Davis strike at Denver, Colo., since the 
last Journal reached you was the hear- 
ing of the injunction suit brought by 
the Davis Company against the mem- 
bers of No. 47 in the district court. 

It came up and was bitterly fought by 
both sides and Judge Jackson decided 
in favor of our brothers by dissolving 
the injunction. In doing so he made 
use of the following language: 

These labor causes are becomfngr quite 
prevalent owing to present conditions and 
the strained relationship between em- 
ployer and employe, and the courts find 
it somewhat embarrassing: to attempt to 
adjust this class of difficulties to the sat- 
isfaction of all parties. In investigatinf? 
this subject, however, we And that each 
case is made to stand upon its own 
merits, and the extent to which courts 
will Interfere is g^ovemed largely by the 
facts and circumstances surrounding each 
particular case. The law is well settled 
that a court will interfere by injunction 

to restrain a body of employes banded 
together for the purpose of coercing or 
intimidating their employer by threats of 
violence or acts of trespass tending to 
directly interfere and impede the opera- 
tions of the business of the employer. 
On the other hand, it is very well settled 
that courts will not Interfere with the 
employes in their banding together for 
peaceful, profitable and beneficial Im- 
provement of their social and financial 

In this case it is only necessary for us 
to ascertain from the testimony before 
the court. If we can, whether the defend- 
ants' acts come under the unlawful class 
above mentioned. The complaint is quite 
voluminous and is supported by a num- 
ber of affidavits tending to show that the 
defendants intended to commit acts of 
violence toward plaintiff's new employes, 
as well as business generally, unless re- 
strained by the court. To this complaint 
and affidavit supporting the same, an 
answer has been filed supported by a 
number of affidavits, in which all the 
charges made are directly denied and 
further testimony offered to show that 
the lodge No. 47, International Associa- 
tion of Machinists, itself as a lal>or organ- 
ization, has not in any manner authorized 
any illegal conduct on the part of its 
members, no^ has it in any manner par- 
ticipated in such alleged illegal conduct. 

The testimony shows that no acts of 
trespass have occurred; no violence of any 
kind offered against the company or its 
business, save and Except occasional re- 
marks against the new employes, made 
on the part of some who have been dis- 
charged. So that we are unable to fix 
any direct responsibility in regard to this 
use of abusive language and do not think 
this court would l:>e justified In charging 
the responsibility of it to the labor asso- 
ciation or any of its officers. 

No servant or employe of the company 
has testified that he has been prevented 
by threats on the part of defendants from 
continuing in its employment, and so far 
as we know all persons desiring to work 
for the company are continuing to do so 
at the present time. In addition to this 
several police officers have testified that 
no unusual conditions have existed in 
that vicinity, except the congregating to- 
gether of a few of the discharged em- 
ployes on a particular occasion near the 
company's works, who, upon notice from 
the officers, disbanded, and no violence 
of any kind occurred. It further appears 
that the police officers are fully compe- 
tent to maintain the peace and quiet of 
this neighborhood, should any trouble 
occur, so that In the face of all the testi- 
mony and surrounding connections, we 
are of the opinion that there is no such 
serious condition existing or has existed 
between the plaintiff company and its 
discharged employes as to warrant the 
Interference on the part of the court by 
Injunction or otherwise. 

Therefore, the injunction will be dis- 
solved, and the bill dismissed at plaintiff's 

uigitizea oy ■" 



As was expected, this decision did not 
suit the Davis people, so they took it 
to the Court of Appeals to appeal from 
the decision rendered by Judge Jack- 
son. The appeal is based upon the fol- 
lowing alleged errors : 

That the said district court j^ave judg- 
ment dismissing the plaintiff's bill of com- 
plaint, whereas it appears by the record 
that said plaintiff's bill of complaint was 
and is sufficient in law, and the plaintiff 
thereunder was entitled to the relief 
therein demanded, and it appears by the 
testimony heard before the said district 
court, that plaintiff established and main- 
tained all matters and things by it in its 
said bill of complaint alleged. 

Second— Said district court dissolved the 
injunction granted in the said district 
court, whereas it appears by the said rec- 
ord that plaintiff was entitled to the said 
injunction, and the same ought to have 
been retained and perpetuated. 

Wherefore, for the errors aforesaid and 
the manifold other errors in the said dis- 
trict court appearing, the said appellant 
prays that the Judgment of the district 
court may be reversed, etc. 

In a communication that comes to 
hand as the Journal goes to press, it 
is stated that there is a rumor to the 
eflfect that the Court of Appeals will 
not hand down a decision in this case 
until about the 28th of this month. 

In the meantime keep away from 
Denver. The boys are keeping their 
ranks unbroken and are as firm and de- 

termined as they were when they 

It would seem that the yeast is work- 
ing^ and working, too, along the line of 
reason. The latest manifestation comes 
from Cincinnati. The Building Trades 
Journal of that city comes out with a 
proposition for united action by the 
leaders of organizations that demand 
the eight-hour work day. It calls at- 
tention to the fact that the American 
Federation of Labor, the Knights of 
Labor, the Western Federation of Min- 
ers, the five great railroad brother- 
hoods, the Western Labor Union, the 
Socialist Labor party and the Social 
Democracy are separately calling for 
eight-hour legislation, and it suggests 
that if these heads were to get together 
at Washington and concentrate their in- 
fluence upon Congress, the amended 
federal eight-hour law would soon be 
passed. That paper urges Samuel 
Gompers, John N. Parsons, P. M. 
Arthur, F. P. Sargent, P. H. Morrissey, 
E. E. Clark, P. V. Pewell, Edward 
Boyce, Daniel McDonald, Daniel De 
Leon and Eugene V. Debs to hold a 
joint conference in Washington and see 
if they cannot combine for this one 


As the insect from the rock 

Takes the color of its wing; 
As the boulder from the shock 

Of the ocean's rhythmic swing 
Makes Itself a perfect form, 

Learns a calmer front to raise; 
As the shell, enameled warm 

With the prism's mystic rays, 
Praises wind and wave that make 

All its chambers fair and strong; 
As the mighty poets take 
, Orlef and pain to build their song; 
Even so for every soul, 

Whatsoe'er its lot may be— 
nuilding, as the heavens roll. 

Something large and strong and free- 
Things that hurt and things that mar 

Shape the man for perfect praise; 
Shock and strain and ruin are 

Friendlier than the smiling days. 

—John White Chadwick. 

Digitized by 



BT J08B 0R08. 

N its general ensemble of 
thought and action, the hu- 
manity of to-day seems to be 
rolling along the orbit of 
sentiment^ passion, impulse, 
jealoysies and antagonisms, 
with the same nonchalance as ever be- 
fore. We can only notice an exception 
to that rule. The labor associations 
constitute the only organized groups 
in which there is a certain striving to- 
wards something higher than the low 
plane of sentiment and the different 
mean ideals that sentiment generates. 
We shall not go far enough to give the 
impression that we are fully satisfied 
with all the tendencies of our labor 
brotherhoods. Still, we realize that our 
whole civilization is against them, and 
that must necessarily provoke some of 
the worst elements of human nature. 

The fact is that we often wonder why 
our working masses are so patient, in 
the midst of their tribulations. We are 
rather impatient at their patience. We 
don't believe in patience, above a cer- 
tain point. The world does not admire 
that virtue. It has no respect for it. 
Don't you see that the selfish dispensa- 
tion is yet in full force, ruling every- 
thing with a rod of iron, despising 
everything but might, admiring noth- 
ing but the success of brute force? 

As an illustration of our idea, look 
at some of the. developments from our 
recent war, a species of fight between 
the eagle and the fly, and the whole 
world stands aghast because the eagle 
swallowed the fly! We ourselves can 
hardly believe it, and we, not the poor 
and the oppressed. But those whose 
loins are well protected with property 
and securities, seem to be turning 
around in all directions and asking the 
stars to send us their crowns of glory, 
as what is due to us for our heroisms. 
Please, then, notice our complacency 
because England has at last discovered 
that she has anyhow one friend left, 
in this planet of ours, that friend be- 

ing the grand republic. Connect that 
with what took place in the recent an- 
nual dinner given by that chamber of 
old babies (the Chamber of Commerce) 
of New York city. Its president saw 
fit to reverse the usual order of toasts. 
The first one was given for Queen 
Victoria and the second for our presi- 
dent. Did you ever hear of a more 
childish fact, received with touching ad- 
miration by the plutocratic cronies 

Take, now, another side of the pic- 
ture. You will have to cross the At- 
lantic, but it will not cost you anything. 
We shall travel in the balloon of the 
imagination. Well, to be short about 
the whole subject, we shall remind our 
readers of what took place a few weeks 
ago at the Lord Mayor's banquet in 

Lord Salisbury, the virtual head of 
the British government, said: "The ap- 
pearance of the United States in 
Asiatic waters is a grave and serious 
event, which may not be conducive to 
peace, but will probably be good for the 
material interests of the British em- 

A little meditation on the two events 
we have mentioned shall give us the 
key to the situation, the key represent- 
ing a fraternal embrace, across the At- 
lantic, the brethren being the English 
aristocracy and our American plu- 
tocracy. It is all a question of material 
interests, dollars and cents for the 
wealthy, at the expense of the working 
masses in both nations. Because those 
material interests are compatible with 
wars or constant danger of them, as 
plainly implied by Lord Salisbury. 

Armies and navies on a colossal scale 
are then the order of the day, and prep- 
arations along that purpose are already 
going on in the two nations, which, ac- 
cording to their political leaders, our 
grand ideal should be, not the upheaval 
of humanity, but that of the wealthy in 
such two nations. Have the respective 
workers in those two social compacts 
anything to say on the subject? 

How funny that all at once, as if by 
magic, our plutocrats seem to have dis- 
uigiiizea oy ^'kJvjkj\(^l\^ 



covered that the elements in the hu- 
man blood are a question of racial 
dtomical combinations! Scientifically 
speaking, human blood is simply liquid 
clay vitalized by the electrical power of 
the universe, and under the magnetic 
action, so to speak, of the divine mind 
who knows nothing of races apart from 
the human race. Of course we have 
all heard a great deal of blue blood, the 
very kind which has always been at 
the root of human sins, because blue 
blood is really deteriorated blood, blood 
poisoned by the exclusiveness and self- 
ishness of wealth and power with which 
to perpetuate iniquity on the throne ^f 
law over and among all nations, races, 
continents and islands on the face of 
the planet. 

The study of humanity in the next 
twenty years shall be extremely inter- 
esting. It is already so now. It should 
be extremely so to thinking American 
citizens. The reason for that is because 
we have all at once abandoned our old 
high ideal of humanity for the older low 
ideal entertained by the despotic and 
aristocratic spirit of all nations, ancient 
and modern, heathen and Christian. 
Our old high ideal was that of teaching 
humanity through the power of our own 
example among ourselves at home, in- 
viting the oppressed of all nations to 
come here to enrich their blood by mix- 
ing it with our own, or, rather, by using 
the greater opportunities we could oflFgr 
for self-development in the midst of 
our own contiguous domain, so vast and 
rich in all natural resources. Now that 
whole ideal is gone, and we have 
dropped into a lowermore level. 

We know that with a little common 
sense our domain could only be half 
developed by ten times our population 
to-day. We also know that somehow 
or other there is neither room nor work 
here for many of us, as matters stand, 
and, flattered by the aristocratic writers 
of England and the plutocratic ones at 
home, we propose now to go and work 
in earnest for humanity under the old 
style, that of humbugging the weak 
races abroad, using the gun and the 
sword if it happens to be indispensable, 
applying to distant territories the very 
blunders which create among us the 
problems of the unemployed, insanity 
and suicide on a larg^e scale, women and 
children taking the place of men in 
all industries because they work at 
cheaper wages, and ... it would 
take a volume to enumerate all the dis- 
graceful facts of our own home develop- 

Cheaper wages! Do you know why 
we need them? Because we want to 

flood the Asiatic and other foreign marr 
kets with the very products which we 
cannot sell at home. We cannot sell 
them here because we are too poor to 
buy what we need and should have, 
what we are willing to work for. Satan 
himself could not evolve a more wicked 
industrial system than that of our mod- 
ern nations, if there is any such indi- 
vidual by that name anywhere. We men 
can, at a stretch, play the Satan without 
any outside help. 

It looks as if sentiment, passion, im- 
pulse, human antagonisms and greed 
were yet the supreme thought among 
our big men everywhere. How much 
longer shall the workers of nations 
stand that? 

Morristown, N. J., December 8, 1898. 


The conditions and environments 
surrounding the human race to-day are 
as unsatisfactory as it is possible to 
conceive. Was Lucifer the almighty 
ruler, and was his sole object the blast- 
ing of our happiness and the propaga- 
tion of injustice, he could not find more 
consistent means than the social system 
to-day represents. 

Looking at it from an^ point, we 
find the same deplorable aspect. 

The wealthy suffer from their unnat- 
ural condition of living, as well as the 

Nature's penalty for the breaking of 
her laws has entered every household 
without regard to station or class. 

While the rich do not fear poverty and 
have power over the* poor, they have 
other troubles which do not appear on 
the surface. The strain on the mind 
of the business man as he endeavors to 
reduce expenses here and expand busi- 
ness there; the schemes without number 
that he is compelled to resort to in 
order to hold his own with his com- 
petitors; the helplessness and despair 
that he invariably shows when reverses 
bring him down to depend on his o^" 
labor; the nervous tread and sleepless 
nights all go to show that the spoliation 
of his fellow-man has not brought the 
happiness that was expected. 

Was this all the sufTering that exists 
from our system, the matter could be 
dismissed without a second thought, as 
they were suffering for their own 
crimes; but a hundred families must 
exist in garrets and hovels, in dark- 
ened streets and filthy atmospheres that 
one family may live in a palace and 
have their own private grounds. Hun- 

uigiiizea oy xjiv^v^t^lv^ 


dreds of pale-faced, ragged children 
must daily go to their dens of toil that 
one man's children may have unnatural 
luxuries. A hundred families must ex- 
ist in squalid misery and daily drag 
themselves from damp cellars or filthy 
attics where year after year, huddled to- 
gether like vermin, they welter, sicken 
and die, that one family may liye an 
indolent and useless life. A hundred 
families must live in ignorance that one 
family may be accomplished and edu- 
cated, not for the use they expect to 
make of it, but for the pleasure to be 

In short, that one family may be free 
to enjoy all that earth can give, a hun- 
dred families must live in shame and 
slavery; ignorant, knowing nothing of 
the true joys of life, from the day when 
their eyes look out upon the busy world 
to the day when they sink to a youth- 
ful grave. Old before their time! Vic- 
tims of a system that protects one fam- 
ily in splendor at the expense of the 
health, comfort and happiness of a hun- 
dred less fortunate ones. 

What a hollow world this is for them; 
living in ignorance, in riot and stench. 
From the moment these human logs 
drag themselves from their beds, to the 
time they crawl back again, they never 
live one minute of real happiness. 
Brought up in a life where they must 
beg. steal and slave in order to get a 
bare existence, selfishness becomes sec- 
ond nature, friendship, love, or sym- 
pathy they know not the meaning of; 
their hearts never warm to a touch of 
real ambition or hope to rise to what 
nature intended. 

Their's is, indeed, a hard lot. First 
they are plundered by their employers, 
who pay as little as possible for their 
labor; then the landlord gets all he can, 
charging, not for the value of the build- 
ing or improvements, but for the value 
that the people's settlement has given 
to that location. Then the storekeeper 
gets his pound of flesh, charging^ not 
for his labor in distributing the earth's 
products to the consumer, but all that 
a high tariff, trusts, combines and other 
artificial means of obstruction to trade 
will allow him. Then the saloonkeeper 
finishes the work of plunder and leaves 
the victim not only penniless, but gen- 
erally brainless; and should the victim 
then lose his work, we see the pawn- 
brokers, money lenders, and other 
usurers hovering near to fleece him of 
the rags that he has left. 

He knows not what music is except 
by listening to that which is played for 
the rich. He knows not what flowers 
arc except by looking at those culti- 

vated for the rich. He gets no justice 
except what the rich man's court gives 
him; in fact, he eats, wears, enjoys, and 
lives in just what the rich man allows 

Forests are destroyed to fill the pock- 
ets of these men. Mines are worked or 
left idle^ as they please. Sugar and oil 
refineries now run and now shut down, 
to suit the pleasure of a few of these 
autocrats. The price of wheat and oth- 
er agricultural products is rising higher 
and higher one day and the next it drops 
down to the bo'ttom, just as these rulers 
are inclined. 

The will or necessities of the people 
are never consulted if it will force a 
few more drops of sweat from the brow 
of the worker, a few more shekels from 
his pockets into the pockets of his 
rulers, that is all that is considered. 

What matters the cries, tears and 
groans of humanity? 

What matters the hunger, despair and 
wretchedness of the people, if only these 
individuals and their families have their 

What matters it that this miner or 
other worker who has trod the streets 
incessantly for months looking for em- 
ployment becomes disheartened and 
seeks rest beneath the waters of the 

Nothing! nothing is looked at but the 
insatiable selfishness of our rulers. 

Is it any wonder that thousands sneak 
from their dens of misery into the 
warmth and excitement of the saloon, 
there to drown for a time their condi- 
tion in the maddening liguor and feel 
for a few minutes that they live? 

Is it any wonder that our peniten- 
tiaries are filled with robbers, swindlers, 
and criminals, who, finding the chances 
of earning an honest living hopeless, 
are driven, partly through want and 
partly through ignorance, into stealing 
and other crimes? 

Can we blame the harlot for desert- 
ing the hovel, and the hardships of a 
life of toil for one of shameless enjoy- 

The only wonder is that humanity has 
not descended deeper into darkness 
than it has. 

The horse in his stall feeds on the 
corn, hay and grain contentedly; nature 
has provided food and shelter for the 
'birds of the air and beasts of the 
field" and they live the contented life 
that nature intended, but man, poor, 
egotistical, free, sovereign man, with 
all his power and knowledge, '*knows 
not where to lay his head." 

What does it matter that science has 
advanced; that new highways have been 

uigiiizea by 




opened; that railways, telegraphs, elec- 
tricity and labor-saving machines have 
taken the hard work off our shoulders, 
and large farms and factories turn out 
. more and better necessaries of life? 

What avails it, that the people of the 
equator may taste the coolness and 
luxuries of the poles, the east of the 
west, the north of the south? 

What matters it that the wheels of in- 
dustry daily turn quicker and shorter 
and better methods of production are 
adopted, if it does not lessen the toil 
and misery of the masses? 

What matters it that we ^re free, po- 
litically, that the nobility exist but in 
name, when that freedom does not help 
our condition and we cannot get the 
benefit of these advances; when there is 
not work for all that want it and all 
improvements are used for the benefit of 
a privileged minority? 

What matters it that our rulers ve 
elected, when their rule is just as grind- 
ing and their laws as unjust, as former- 
ly existed? 

Wealth has accumulated and the 
splendor and magnificence of our pal- 
aces and buildings has reached a point 
never before equaled, but of what bene- 
fit is it, when poverty and ignorance 
still exist among the "hewers of wood 
and drawers of water?" 

The youth to-day graduates from col- 
lege. His father has seen the trials 
that the uneducated have to suffer, and 
has scraped enough money together to 
educate his boy. The youth has bright 
hopes; he has studied hard and now 
will come into the world and give the 
people the benefit of his knowledge and 
make for himself a name and fortune. 
He feels that his merits will bring their 
reward and so has no fears for the 
future. Poor boy! A few years teach- 
es him that every avenue of life is filled 
with struggling aspirants and thous- 
ands more are at the gate asking ad- 
mittance. He finds that here^ too, 
money is the "sesame" and not merit. 

How long will suffering humanity 
keep its eyes closed to its condition? 
How long will they allow the accident 
of birth or oppprtunity to deprive them 
of their natural rights? How long will 
they allow nature's stores to be appr9- 
priated and controlled by men who nev- 
er saw a square inch of wheat or other 
farm land in their lives, to know it, and 
who never performed a useful deed or 
did anything of service to the world? 
When will outraged nature destroy 
mankind for their perversion of its laws? 

Look at nature m every stage: miner- 
al life, plant life and animal life. See 
every atom and insect helping its fel- 

low; each depending on some other 
dependent; receiving, helping and re- 
lieving. What would the vine or bird 
do but for the tree that affords a sup- 
port for one and a home for the ojher"? 
What would the tree do but for the rain 
and the air? In no other case but man's 
do we find any kind living at the ex- 
pense of its own or occupying and using 
any more or less of nature's store than . 
it needs. "Everywhere is harmony, 
but man's eye is dim, it cannot see; 
man's heart is dead, it cannot leel." 

The cause for all this suffering, con- 
fusion, abuses ^nd inequalities is not 
hard to find. It can be summed up in 
one sentence. We have allowed the 
customs of the past to rule the pfe's- 
ent. The wants of the people have not 
increased as fast as their means of pro- 
duction; and instead of dividing the la- 
bor and products with our fellow, every 
man is trying to do and get all he can, 
thereby denying another willing and 
perhaps hungry worker the opportun- 
ity to earn a living. 

If we would gain and retain our free- 
dom and manhood, we must not permit 
ourselves to be rocked asleep forever by 
the deceiving lullabies of barbarous 
ages. We must question and demand 
proof for everything. Truth need not 
fear investigation. Before none of cus- 
tom's idols must we bend the knee, no 
dogma must influence our decision. 
Humility and submissiveness must be 
banished. Too long have we been sub- 
jected to environments which have co- 
erced our understanding with degener- 
ate views of duty. Too long the dead 
hand has been allowed to sterilize living 
thought. Too long right and wrong, 
good and evil have been inverted by 
false teachers. Too long creed and code 
have ruled our lives from the cradle to 
the grave. Right and wrong change as 
ages and people change and it is the 
duty of every people at every time to 
decide what is right for themselves in- 
stead of trusting to politicians and 
priests to decide for them. A man 
might keep the ten commandments and 
yet be a fool all his life; he may ob- 
serve the golden rule and still remain 
a dependent and a failure until his 

You may ask what "Ism" am I at- 
tempting to propose as a remedy for 
human ills. After criticising dogmas and 
creeds, what particular creed would I 
have you believe? My answer is none 
iii particular, but all in general. Every- 
thing that tends to better the condi- 
tion or erase the persecution of even 
one mortal should be propagated. The 
millennium will not come in a lifetime. 

uigitrzea by 




nor is it to be found in any one reform. 
It can come only through co-operation 
of those who will benefit by it. It can- 
not be brought about bj^ voting for 
men whose very position in life would 
force them, for their own security, to 
oppose what would benefit the masses. 
It cannot be done by pleading or by 
praying, nor by dreaming or hoping! 
But it must come through active and 
aggressive means. 

No change was ever brought about 
by any one other than the parties to 
be benefited and they did not do it bv 
servilely obeying their opposer*s will. 
The one remedy or means that today is 
helping us in our struggle, that has 
accomplished anything, is the trade 
union. Through the aggressive and de- 
fensive means used by the trade union 
we have accomplished what has been 
done, and what legislation has been at- 
tempted the trade union is responsible. 
All reforms agree that the hours of labor 
must be shortened, but the trade union 
is the only one that is making an effort 
to accomplish it. Through its mighty 
power when exerted properly we have 
seen the richest corporations succumb, 
but it was not by going to their homes 
and starving, like good union men, that 
these victories were ours. It was not 
by waiting for Spain to come to this 
country that we wpn our fight, and our 
cause will never be won except by "rid- 
ing to power o*er our foemen's necks, 
and thereby proving our right!" 

Behind all kings and presidents. 

All grovemment and law, 
Are army corps and cannoneers, 

To hold the world In awe. 
And sword-strong races own the earth, 

And ride the conqueror's car. 
And Liberty has ne'er been won 

Except by deed of war. 



To be buried alive is, beyond doubt, 
the most fearful fate that can possibly 
befall a human being. The very men- 
tion of it is enough to make the blood 
run cold and the heart beat more soft- 
ly in dread anticipation. It is a fate 
to which all are liable, and it is to be 
greatly feared that the number of vic- 
tims of premature burial is larger than 
is generally supposed. 

Some dozen years ago a young man 
of twenty-five was pronounced to have 
died after two days* illness. The usual 
preparations were made for burial, and 
in due time the funeral took place. 
Then the deceased man's wife was seiz- 

ed with the idea that her husband had 
been buried alive, and to prove the 
falsity of her fears the partially fiUed- 
up grave was opened, and the coffin 
broken into. The supposed dead man 
was found alive, greatly exhausted by 
his struggles, but with* sufficient 
strength to declare that he was alive, 
not dead. His story was a grim one, 
possessing a terrible fascination as be- 
ing the account of the fate which might 
befall any reader. Though unable to 
speak or move a muscle he had re- 
tained consciousness throughout his 
supposed death. He had been fully 
aware of the proceedings of the under- 
taker, of the donning of the shroud, of 
being placed in the coffin, and had lis- 
tened to the reading of the burial ser- 
vice, fully conscious of the fearful fate 
awaiting him, but without the power to 
utter a single sound or make the slight- 
est movement. Lying in the grave his 
thoughts grimly wandered to his com- 
panions on either side, and he wonder- 
ed whether they too had been buried 
alive. Was there such a thing as death, 
he asked himself, or mere conscious 
paralysis of the body? Suddenly a 
muscle twitched, and a minute later he 
was awake from his trance, struggling 
for breath. He had determined to die 
calmly, but nature was too strong for 
him, and in the narrow cell he fought 
as man can only fight for life. Then 
came the happy deliverance of which 
account has already been given. 

More unfortunate, however, was an 
elderly Irishman. His coffin had been 
lowered into the grave, and the first 
shovelful of earth thrown upon it, 
when a noise was heard proceeding 
from the coffin itself. After the first 
surprise had passed, the coffin was rais- 
ed to the surface and opened, with the 
horrifying discovery that the man had 
undoubtedly been buried alive. TJie 
body was found face downwards, hav- 
ing in its desperate struggle to escape 
turned right over. He was in extremis 
mortis, and his black livid features un- 
questionably pointed to death by suffo- 

A terrible case of premature burial 
.was reported a short time ago from 
Doussard, Haute Savoie, France. A 
woman, named Rassat, had been pro- 
nounced deadj and her coffin had been 
lowered into the grave and a little 
earth thrown on the lid. when the 
mourners retired, leaving the sexton to 
fill up the grave. While doing so, he 
heard a knocking inside the coffin. 
Calling an assistant, the two men listen- 
ed to the noise for some time before 
they did anything, and then, instead of 

uigiiizea oy vjv^v/pr^LvJ 



immediately breaking open the coffin, 
they went to report to the authorities. 
The cure of the parish was the first to 
arrive, and all he did was to bore a 
lew gimlet holes in the lid, fearing to 
proceed further without legal authority. 
Three hours after the noise in the cof- 
Hn had been first heard permission was 
obtained to open the coffin. By that 
tinie the noise had ceased, but the face 
of the dead (?) woman was observed to 
be Hushed and the eyes half opened. 
.After a further incomprehensible delay 
of six hours, a doctor arrived, and on 
examination declared that Madame 
Rassat was dead, but had not been so 
more than six hours, so that she was 
alive at the time the coffin was opened. 

There seems to be little doubt that 
Bishop, the celebrated thought reader, 
was dissected alive. He was subject to 
cataleptic fits after particular mental 
exertion, the heart ceasing to beat and 
his limbs becoming rigid, though during 
the attacks he was fully conscious of all 
that was going on around him. So con- 
scious was he of the danger to which 
these attacks subjected him, that 
around his neck he always wore a ticket 
bearing the warning: *'Pray see that I 
am not buried alive." But, despite this 
precaution, a more horrible fate was 
probably his. He was reported to have 
died suddenly in America, and his med- 
ical attendants, anxious to discover if 
his gift of clairvoyance was due to a 
peculiar formation of the brain, dis- 
sected his head before the body was 
cold. It was generally believed after- 
wards that Bishop had indeed been dis- 
sected alive, and while he was fully 
conscious of what was being done to 

Such instances could be enumerated 
ad nauseam. Some years ago a grave- 
yard in Holland was removed t.o an- 
other site, and over one-half per cent 
of the corpses examined gave indica- 
tions of having been buried alive, and 
subsequently awakened in their coffins, 
as shown by the positions of the bodies. 
Not long ago a burying ground not far 
from Paris was exhumed, and of the 500 
coffins examined, nine of the inmates 
were found to have been buried alive. 
In each instance the corpse had either 
partly or wholly turned round in its 
narrow shell; the finger nails were dug 
deep into the flesh, the tongue bitten 
through, and the drawn features of the 
face all showed how horrible is the 
agony of those buried alive. Dr. Le 
Guern, an authority on the subject, has 
collected 2,300 cases of burial alive, and 
he estimates the number of premature 
burials in France every year at 2 per 

1,000, though other experts place it at 
a much higher figure. 

Several inventions have been patented 
to enable persons buried alive to com- 
municate with the outer world on awak- 
ing from their trance in the grave. One 
of these consists of a button on the in- 
side of the coffin, situated immediately 
over the breast of the apparently dead 
person. If the unfortunate corpse 
comes to life and begins to breathe, the 
expansion of the chest presses the but- 
ton upwards, which rings an alarm bell 
in the office of the cemetery. A more 
fantastic idea is that of a coffin fitted 
with springs, so that the slightest indi- 
cation of returning life causes the lid to 
fly open and release the victim. Stimu- 
lants and food the resurrected corpse 
would find by his side, together with a 
bell, the ringing of which would im- 
mediately summon the sexton to the 
vault. Fear of being buried alive has 
caused several well-known persons to 
direct peculiar precautions to be ob- 
served on their death. 

Lord Lytton, the novelist, ordered his 
doctor to run a needle through his heart 
in order to remove all possibility of his 
being buried alive. 

The Hon. G. W. Bentinck, dying in 
1887, bequeathed fifty guineas for 
watchers around his coffin for three 
days and nights. 

Edmund Yates, of the World, directed 
that immediately after his death his jug- 
ular vein should be opened by a doctor, 
fo whom he left twenty guineas as fee, 
and then that his body should be cre- 

M. Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dy- 
namite, directed that after his death his 
veins were to be opened, and that after 
this had been done, and distinct sij?ns 
of death attested by competent physi- 
cians, his body should be cremated. 

But in the vast majority of cases no 
precautions are taken against premature 
burial, though it is now almost univer- 
sally admitted by experts that the only 
absolute sign of death is advanced de- 
composition. And until the signs of 
apparent death are more clearly distin- 
guishable from actual disease, the dan- 
ger of burial alive will remain. 

Racine, Wis., December 8, 1898. 



When an apprentice, my sponsor, in 
trying to direct my thoughts upon sub- 
jects that might affect me in after life, 
took particular pains to point out how 
utterances might be construed, and, as 

uigiiizea by 




an illustration, cited the great French 
intriguant, Cardinal Richelieu, who 
demonstrated to the discomfort of a 
courtier that one should be careful in 
the choice of languasre used. Richelieu 
claimed that it would be an easy matter 
for him to construe any utterance to be 
treasonable, and the courtier, taking 
him at his word to prove his inability to 
accomplish what he had argued, said. 
**One, two, three." "Great heavens," 
was the exclamation of the great cardi- 
nal. **you decry the holy trinity!" and 
forthwith hustled off the unlucky cour- 
tier to the bastille. 

The above incident was brought to 
my mind in reading over the last effu- 
sion of Bro. Conlon, who added to his 
various other charges that I do not 
believe in the fatherhood of God and 
the brotherhood of man. If this con- 
troversy were to continue I am satis- 
fied still further accusations would be 
thrown at me. However, I think the 
readers of the Journal are intelligent 
enough to place their own and not Bro. 
Conlon's construction on what I may 
have to say. 

I am fully aware that socialism is a 
science of which my Sioux City con- 
frere has but a faint conception, and 
will leave it for time to force a convic- 
tion of class-consciousness upon my 
friend. As predicted, I have been 
charged with vituperation because I 
emphasized what my socially-conscious 
opponent claimed as his merits. 

It is immaterial to me what Mr. Stan- 
ley Kirkpatrick maintained in San 
Diego or elsewhere. What I wish to 
impress upon the minds of my fellow 
workers is to think for themselves and 
profit from their daily experience in the 
workshop and their social relations 
with fellow men. What I wish the ma- 
chinists to consider is whether they can 
point out a better solution of the labor 
problem than the one proposed by the 
Socialist Labor party, i. e., collective 
ownership of the tools and machinery 
of production, distribution and ex- 
change. For having become conscious 
of the fact that the misery the working 
class is subjected to is the result of their 
not having used their economic power 
as they properly should have done, it 
is not too late to change tactics and 
take from those who exploit them the 
means of so doing. With property 
rights recognized that haye been de- 
rived from fleecing and robbing the 
wealth producers of the fruits of their 
toil there can be no emancipation of the 
wage workers. Who owns nas the right 
to control what is his own. Socialists, 
however, deny the right of any individ- 

uals ^or combination of individuals 
to take possession, for individual 
profit, the collective effort of the work- 
ing class. We maintain that society 
shall be the sole possessor of the col- 
lective labor of its units, and then we 
will be assured that none would fail to 
secure what is due them in so far as 
they have been a factor in social pro- 
duction. Shorter workdays would be a 
natural sequence under collectivism, 
while under capitalism the workers will 
be necessitated to undergo much suffer- 
ing ere they can force such concessions. 
What with machinery and labor-saving 
methods shall become of the ever grow- 
ing army of unemployed? Production 
under commercialism is undertaken for 
profit, and profit-mongering is syn- 
onymous with robbery of the producers. 
Society, in applying all labor power 
available in the production of its needs, 
would require no profit, rent or interesti 
and th^e would be sufficiency for all. 
To accomplish this the working class 
must understand its interests and the 
resolutions of No. 238 were a means 
of awakening this consciousness. 

Artemus Ward, I vow, would have 
found the statement as amusing as I 
did that my colleague of the many ex- 
periences in conventions, etc., would re- 
move to Geveland and take a fall out 
of Markus Aurelius. How benign of 
P. J. to leave his defense in the hands of 
his friends. On a par with a courtesan 
who points with pride to her following. 
Again I avow that the Socialist Labor 
party never disrupted or attempted to 
disrupt the labor movement, and the 
correspondence quoted in the Journal 
bears out my assertion. It was the ac- 
tion of the G. M. M., sustained by the 
executive board, that forced Empire 
Lodge out of the I. A. of M. As men 
of principle they could not act contrary, 
to their conviction. While maintain- 
ing this standpoint, however, I see no 
necessity for a socialist trade and labor 
alliance. I am of the firm belief that 
in the meetings of the union all ques- 
tions affecting the welfare of the wage 
workers should be discussed, and an 
intelligent use of the ballot will follow. 
I don't favor isolation, and separating 
the progressive workers in organizations 
by themselves removes them from their 
less enlightened brothers. Sound Rea- 
soning leads to logical action, and dis- 
cussion promotes the former and results 
in the latter. 

In conclusion I may say that I hope 
the official toga my brother is ready to 
turn over to his successor would be 
odious to me after so much dragging 
through the mire of class-unconscious 

uigitizea oy vjv^v/^lv^ 




politics. But I have no aspirations in 
that direction, and he need not lose 
any sleep over his anxiety that ad- 
herents of my school of thought and 
economics would bring the blush of 
shame to their supporters. And now I 
retire to my obscurity to let others 
break a lance for our noble propaganda, 
"Quod deus bene vertad!" 
Cleveland, Ohio, Dec. s, 1898. 



"He who slaya a starving brother smites 
his Maker in the face," 

In the mystic spell of slumber, 

Through the sea's unfathomed gloom, 
I beheld the lost Atlantis 

Burst the silence of her tomb; 
And the grave clothes that confined her 

In the bonds of age long sleep. 
By her hands were rent asunder 

As she rose from out the deep. 

I could see her gleaming rivers 

Down the winding valleys run. 
Where the olive groves and vineyards 

Drank the kisses of the sun. 
I could see vast mountain ranges 

On her skies their glories trace. 
Winters wrapped around their shoulders, 

Summers blooming at their base. 
In the measure of a heart beat. 

In the twinkling of an eye. 
I beheld her mighty cities 

Lift their battlements on high, 
And her strong, triumphant armies. 

Which the very gods defied. 
Marching to the field of battle 

In their arrogance and pride. 

Oh, the princes of that kingdom- 
How they ruled on land and sea! 

How they spurned the god of justice 
And to Baal bent the knee! 

And they reared a golden image 
In the grandest of their marts. 

And the incense that ascended 
Rose from ruined homes and hearts. 

And the one word that the Image 

Uttered day and night was "Give!" 
Till the people only answered, 

"Grant us work that we may live." 
But the rulers babbled. "Business," 

As they reveled at their ease. 
And they locked up nature's storehouse. 

And to thieves consigned the keys. 

And the wolves of want went prowling 

Round the cabins of the poor, 
While the toilers starved and perished 

On the highway and the moor. 
For the few claimed all the increase 

From the ocean, soil, and air- 
Precious stones and o-ems and metals 

Flocks and grain and fruitage rare. 

Bishops feasted at the palax;e. 

Christ sat hungry at the gate; 
Mammon held the sway of Haman 

In the halls of court and state, 
Priest and scholar bowed In homage 

To the one malign control 
That In church and school demanded 

Prostitution of the soul. 

Still the multitude paid tribute 
To the miser in his den. 

Still the Shylock knife was sharpened 
For the flesh and blood of men; 

Crafty minds, like human spiders. 
Weaving traps for human files, 

Veiled with webs of legal pretense- 
Things that all men know were lies. 

And the victims fell by millions 

Under land and chattel bond. 
Driven from God's soil like lepers 

By the usurer's magic wand. 
Till the army of the homeless 

Gathered like a rising flood. 
And the cry went up at midnight. 

"Give us bread or give us blood!" 

And the gathering flood climbed higher 

Till it struck the palace door 
And awoke the roval sleepers 

With its wild, devouring roar. 
There are tigers In the Jungle 

That delight In human prey. 
But a fiercer tiger crouches 

In a starving man at bay. 

And the rulers and the robbers, 

Though they quailed with Inward dread. 
Answered back In bold derision, 

"Give them blood instead of bread!" 
And I saw the moon blush crimson. 

And beneath the weird eclipse 
Sat and rode the scarlet woman. 

With a sneer upon her lips. 

There was gathering of the legions 

At the mandate of their queen. 
And the fiashing of a million 

Blades lit up the awful scene, 
And a million starving toilers 

Fell Uke blighted stalks of grain 
In that horrid midnight harvest. 

By their sons and brothers slain. 

There are crimes that stir with horror 

Saints and angels round the throne. 
And whose judgments can be meted 

By the courts of God alone. 
And I saw the kingdom sinking 

At the scarlet woman's feet. 
And her splendid cities plunging 

Like a tempest-foundered fieet. 

Mountain ranges met and melted. 

And above the fiery tomb 
Two great oceans swung together 

Like the closing gates of doom. 
And I heard a voice proclaiming 

Down thfe solemn aisles of space, 
"He who slays a starving brother 

Smites his Maker In the face." 

Toronto, Canada. 1898. 



The subject of factory legislation has 
come before the public again in this 
country. Previous attempts by the 
government towards enacting the law 
came to naught with the resignation of 
Count Okuma during last winter. With 
the re-entrance of the count to the 
ministry in last July, the work of fram- 
ing the law was again taken up and 
completed some time ago. The pro- 
posed law is now placed before every 

uigiiizea oy ^ 




chamber of commerce in this country 
for its consideration. It is also to be 
presented to the coming session of the 
higher agricultural, commercial and in- 
dustrial board. The object of thus plac- 
ing the bill before the various bodies 
is, it is said, to enable those bodies to 
make full investigation upon the sub- 
ject, and propose amendment, if neces- 
sary, so that the bill will be presented 
to the coming session of diet, which 
is to be opened on November 7, with 
no serious objections from those bodies. 

The proposed law is composed of fiyt, 
chapters: (i) Scope of application of 
the law; (2) Supervision of factory con- 
struction; (3) Employment of children 
and adults; (4) Apjarentices; and (5) 
Factory inspection. 

Under the first head, it is stipulated 
that the proposed law will be applied 
to factories employing over fifty work- 
men and apprentices. This scope will, 
however, be extended to other factories 
whose nature of work is dangerous or 
detrimental to health, or where it is 
deemed necessary to protect and regfu- 
late workmen and apprentices. 

The second contains provisions sub- 
jecting owners of factories to go 
through a rigid examination by authori- 
ties, and requiring safety provisions for 
dangerous machinery and for preserva- 
tion of health and morality. 

Under the third, several important 
features for protection of workmen and 
children arc to be noted, they are: 

(a) Prohibition of employment of 
children under ten years of age. For 
industries with special circumstances, 
application of this clause will be sus- 
pended or limited by public ordinance. 

(b) Limitation ol working hours to 
ten for children under fourteen years 
of age. However, this limitation will 
be modified with the approval of au- 
thorities when there exist special cir- 

(c) Suspension of work on at least two 
days in each month and on three na- 
tional holidays, and an hour of meal 
time during a working day. These re- 
quirements are also to be modified by 
consent of authorities when there exist 
special circumstances. 

(d) Provision of educational facilities 
by employer with his own expense, for 
children under his employment whose 
ages are below fourteen years, and who 
have not completed common school ed- 

(e) Liability of employer in case^ of 
acddenty fatalor otherwise, of employe 
in discharging his duty. Exceptions 
noted for cases resulting from inten- 

tional purpose of workman himself or 
his fellow-servant, and from calamity 
by nature. 

(f) Issue of certificate by authorities 
or by masters' associations who previ- 
ously applied to and granted the power 
to issue the certificate by the minister 
of state for agriculture and commerce, 
when issue of such certificate is deemea 
necessary for regulation of workmen, 
requiring of workman to deposit his 
certificate with his employer while he 
remains under the employment, and of 
employer, to employ none but certifi- 
cate holders. 

Under the fourth head it is provided 
that the employer who maintains an ap- 
prentice system in his factory must get 
permission of authorities for rules and 
regulations governing the system in the 
factory. Necessary provisions to be 
made in such regulations are also indi- 

The fifth contains stipulations of the 
function of factory inspectors. 

In a supplementary clause it is desig- 
nated that the proposed law will, upon 
approval of both houses of diet, be en- 
forced on and after the first day of July, 

Considered from the view-point of 
working people there are many defec- 
tions in the proposed law. In the first 
place, the scope of the law is not wide 
enough to include factories where there 
exist grievous evils which endanger 
health of working people. In the sec- 
ond place, those exempt clauses for pro- 
hibition and limitation of child labor 
and suspension of work jeopardize 
complete abolishment of the evils of 
child labor and long working hours. 
In the third place, while the proposed 
law requires o! employer to provide for 
educational facilities, no punishment is 
provided for its violation,' thus making 
the provision non-obligatory upon em- 
ployer. Fourthly, the issue of certifi- 
cate tends to hinder free movemeift of 
workmen while it gives to employer the 
power to compel his employe to re- 
main under his service through unjust 
withholding of the certificate. 

To remedy the above and other de- 
fections, the Rodo-Kumiai-Kisei-Kwai, 
representing 2,500 iron workers, print- 
ers, carpenters and other trades, has 
proposed the following amendments: 

(i) That the application of the law 
should be extended to all factories. 

(2) That the employment of children 
under ten years of age should be pro- 
hibited under any circumstances. 

(3) That the working hours of chil- 
dren under fourteen years of age should 

uigiiizea by 




be limited to eight hours per day and 
no extension should be granted under 
any circumstances. 

(4) That the working hours of chil- 
dren above fourteen years of age and 
adult workmen should be limited to ten 
hours per day, except in time of ex- 
traordinary event. 

That on every Sunday and three na- 
tional holidays work should be sus- 
pended and an hour per day for meal 
time should be given. 

(6) That for children under fourteen 
years of age and who have not complet- 
ed common school education, employer 
should be held responsible to give edu- 
cation, and for violation be fined y. 200 

(7) That for cas^ of accident result- 
ing from intentional purpose of fellow- 
servant, employer should be held re- 

(8) That the certificate should be is- 
sued for apprentices only. 

A petition embodying those amend- 
ments was presented to* the minister of 
state for agriculture and commerce, 
while a committee is now busily en- 
gaged in interviewing members of the 
higher board to enlist their co-opera- 
tion. Should these efforts fail to 
achieve their object, petitions will be 
presented to the houses of diet when it 
meets. Furthermore, arrangement is 
now completed to hold a series of mass 
meetings to publicly proclaim the de- 
mand of working people for legislative 

It is hoped that this agitation by the 
association will bear out some fruits and 
the proposed law will come out in a 
better form. 

Kongo, Tokyo, Japan, Oct. 20. 


BY P. J. COlfLON, O. B. B. 

Then burstlnpr forth 
Afresh with conscious terrors vexed me 

That rest or intermission none I find. 


It may be true that our conscious in- 
ferences involve acts of classing, but It 
does not therefore follow that our con- 
scious acts of classing Involve Inferences. 
—J. S. Mill. System of Logrlc. 

Such ideas no doubt they would have 
had had not their consciousness to them- 
selves of their ignorance kept them from 
the attempt.— Locke. 

The consciousness of wrong brings with 
it a consciousness of weakness.— Froude, 
History of England. 

. If man had not been his own classifier 
he would never have thought of a sep- 
arate order for his own reception.— Dar- 

After reading the November Journal 
I have come to the conclusion that the 
latest arrival in the arena from Roanoke, 
Va., ought to step up to the counter and 
register his name, deposit his valuables 
and weigh in, as a preliminary to tak- 
ing a hand. I don't care to fight a 
man who is ambushed with a modern 
Mauser, when I. am in the open with an 
old Springfield. However, I can say 
you deserve recognition. At any rate, 
you have done what I have been try- 
ing for two months past to get Bro. 
Madden to- do, that is, come out and 
explain himself. You have done it very 
ably, also very gentlemanly, and as a 
brother should do. Such an article 
cannot but do a great lot of good, and 
it possibly will. 

Still, I cannot subscribe myself class 
conscious even after thoroughly reading 
your very able article carefully and 
considerately, so I suppose in your 
opinion I must be "awful thick.*' But 
you will please concede me the riffht 
to think for myself and to draw infer- 
ences of my own. If we all thought 
alike on any one subject what a curious 
world this would be. 

Now, my dear brothers, let me ex- 
press myself in regard to a class con- 
scious labor party. I think it will be 
a factor some day, but at the present 
date it is too far ahead of the proces- 
sion. Its tactics, so far as I have come 
in contact with them, are repulsive, be- 
cause it has resorted to farce and coer- 
cion. It has been necessary. I admit, 
because men are not educated as yet to 
know where their interests lie in suf- 
ficient number to accomplish anything 
useful, and the few who are grow im- 
patient at the slow process it will neces- 
sarily take to educate the majority, and 
in their restlessness try to force the 
issue on the people. Now this is a fact. 
You admit it in the following words: 
"Until our class does become conscious 
of their position in society and the part 
they play so long will they be used by 
the other class, etc." 

Now, we all agree to that. Nobody 
has ever taken issue with you on that 
point. All I want and ask for is that 
our membership shall become socially 
conscious of the position they occupy in 
society, and for this I am tabooed as 
a crank, fakir, ward-heeler, cancer- 
quack and many other names that do 
not become the dignity of the authors. 

You have taken great pains to show 
me where I am at error in being social 
conscious and have even started with 
the foundation of the government, the 
Constitution of the United States. 
Now, let us go back a little further, and 

uigiiizea by 




go over the ground again, then perhaps 
I may convince you that I am not so 
cracked after all. Of course, you in- 
sist that I am not a Socialist or even a 
reformer; well, let that be as it may, we 
won't pull hair over that point — it is 
immaterial. You claim to be, and I am 
liberal enough to grant it so. Now, if 
you arc what you say you are, a 
student of political economy, you will 
agree that the natural and proper state 
of man is the savage state. He then 
possesses complete liberty. Every so- 
cial organization is an infraction of his 
natural rights. All men are bom -equal 
and society is formed on a social con- 
tract. This is no new doctrine, it hav- 
ing been expounded and accepted over 
one hundred years ajgo by Jean Jacques 
Rousseau, and the very doctrine that 
paved the way for the French revolu- 

Now, it cannot be denied that all 
government is at first founded on a 
contrasocial understanding; that the 
most ancient and crude combinations of 
mankind were formed chiefly by that 
principle. It preceded writing and all 
the other arts of civilized life. We all 
know, and feel, the efforts of that con- 
tract. It has been handed down from 
one generation to another and the prin- 
ciple diffused from one nation to an- 
otber, until at last it has arrived in our 
native land and been engrafted in a 

Can you tell me why property was 
made the basis of government? Why? 
Because the people were not socially 
conscious of their interests. They were 
afraid of one another! 

Gass consciousness was on the ram- 
page at the time the Constitution was 
framed. Internal disorders among the 
thirteen original states as to their 
boundary lines" and the rights of tfie 
waterways and freedom of interstate 
commerce, the rights of taxation and 
other matters created dissensions in- 
numerable. Law and order was not 
known. Anarchy reigned supreme. A 
body of eighty armed men put the con- 
gress of the United States to flight! So 
class conscious were they that their in- 
terests might suffer that they were 
afraid to let the dear people elect their 
own president direct and made a Con- 
stitution that is to all practical purposes 

Why did they do this? Because the 
people were so prejudiced on class lines 
that they lost sight of the fact that gov- 
ernment was a social contract which 
was to bind them for all time to come. 
Not being socially conscious of that 
fact they ratified the Constitution, made 

by and for the aristocracy of that day; 
this, too, after two previous unsuccess- 
ful attempts to come to an understand- 
ing. The makers of that constitution 
are long since turned t6 dust The 
country has changed from thirteen orig- 
inal states to forty-four. Meanwhile 
thirty-one of these states who had no 
voice or say-so in making or framing 
that Constitution have been comoelled 
to acknowledge it as their supreme law 
and the foundation of all law before be- 
coming a part of the United States. 
That is what class consciousness has 

Now, then, if the people had at the 
time of the making of the Constitution, 
been conscious of their social right to 
enjoy life, liberty and happiness as pro- 
mulgated in the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence — which they possibly would 
have done but for the internal disorders 
between the states — ^we might not have 
had any use at the present time for a 
class conscious labor party. But, as 
they did not, the only reason that can 
be assigned is^ that it was due either to 
their ignorance or the class conscious- 
ness of the aristocracy. 

This instrument is the bane of all our 
troubles. An oligarchal judiciary su- 
persedes the will of the people express- 
ed through the legislative and executive 
branch of the government, and the will 
of the people thwarted, and the gov- 
ernment used by the capitalistic class to 
further their schemes. I am also con- 
scious that even in this day that the 
reforms that will come to the masses 
will come, not altogether from the 
wage-earning class. From past experi- 
ence I have placed much faith in the 
saying that one-half the wage-earners 
are readv and willing to conquer the 
other half for gold. This has been be- 
cause money has been their god and the 
plutocratic press their Bible. If you 
are not social conscious of this fact, 
it is about time to look the matter up. 
I believe, therefore, in educating these 
people to their interests by using the 
reform press of the country in their be- 
half. Lose no opportunity to put re- 
form literature in their hands,' argue 
with them and try by all honest means 
to show them the error of their ways, 
and when you have convinced him that 
man is a social being and when he ceas- 
es to be that he reverts back to bar- 
barism. That as a social being it is in- 
cumbent upon him to subscribe to a 
social contraunderstanding called gov- 
ernment. That he is expected to use fiis 
will, memory and understanding for 
good government and his own interests, 
without further dictation or force or 

uigitizea by 




any other means. That is what I call 
social consciousness. Without that 
there can be no society; without society 
— no government. It is the foundation 
of all society and class consciousness 
could not be made possible without it. 

When I look at Article 5 of the Con- 
stitution of the United States and 
see ■ that it takes a two-third vote of 
both houses of congress to propose, and 
a three-fourth yote of all the states — 
please notice the phrase, it does not say 
a three-fourth vote of the people, the 
people are not considered, but it says 
a three-fourth vote of all the states — 
to amend that instrument, which thing 
is vitally necessary to do before any 
great reform can be made law. 

I am free to confess that I am so- 
cially conscious of the fact that it is 
as impossible for an uncompromising 
class-conscious labor party to muster 
enough force to amend the Constitution 
so that a majority vote of the people 
will suffice for further amendments, as 
it is for a camel to go through the eye 
of a needle. You must take into con- 
sideration that twelve small states such 
as Rhode Island, Utah and others have 
it within their power to forever block 
any attempt to amend the Constitution. 
The capitalist class have it within their 
power to purchase outright every foot 
of land in these twelve smaller states in 
the Union. Should they do that where 
would your class-conscious labor party 
be? The vote .of Rhode Island counts 
just as much as the vote of New York 
on that proposition; still New York 
city alone has five times the number of 
people in it than has the whole state of 
Rhode Island! Suppose, for example, 
that the Socialist Labor party was in 
control of the executive and legislative 
branches of the government to-day and 
its first act on assuming power was to 
obtain control of the railroads to ope- 
rate them in the interest of the people, 
and the judiciary should step in and 
say that it was class legislation and un- 
constitutional, what could be done? 
Only two things: either rise in your 
might and overthrow the judicial 
branch of the government or acquiesce 
in the decision, as the dear public did 
in the income tax decision. 

Now, to be social conscious is to 
recognize the fact that it takes the co- 
operation of all classes to change the 
Constitution as it at present stands, 
or to amend it so that whenever a ma- 
jority of both houses of congress shall 
deem it necessary to propose amend- 
ments to the Constitution and said 
amendments receive a majority vote 
of the people of the United States, 

it shall become a part thereof. Then 
your class-conscious labor party will 
be in order and accomplish the pur- 
poses for which it was organized. 

I am sorry that I do not possess the 
faculty of being able to condense my 
matter into smaller space and still feel 
I make myself plain, but while I am 
writing these few lines there is a gath- 
ering of representatives of productive 
labor at Kansas City. Among other 
things they are asked to do is to en- 
dorse a class-conscious labor party. 
Will they do it? By the time this 
reaches our readers the question will 
be answered — No. Why not? The an- 
swer comes back in an echo — Why 
not. Will our delegates vote for it? 
Look and ask the why not. Will my 
Bro. Madden from whose Central La- 
bor Union the resolution comes to the 
A. F. of L. convention mount the ped- 
estal and brand that convention as a 
hotbed of ward heelers and labor skates, 
or will he recognize the words, "Mene, 
mene, tekel upharsin?" 

Sioux City, Iowa, Dec. 12, 1898. 


BY 8. T. LUC. 

If, in a discussion of economics, you 
want fun at the expense of your betters 
ask any ordinary man of the so-called 
educated class, **What is the fundamen- 
tal, the rock bottom principle of prop- 
erty right, on which true and genuine 
ownership must rest in order to be 
morally valid?" Then note what a 
puzzling conundrum you have given 
him to grapple with. It generally takes 
a workingman to understand that. 

The fundamental principle of proper- 
ty right from which all true ownership 
derives its justification and must rest 
its claim on. is MAN'S RIGHT 
TO HIMSELF! From whence comes 
— nay, which includes his right to what- 
ever he produces by the expenditure of 
his energies. For what is labor but 
the transforming of one's life energy, 
very self, into service, the expenditure 
of brain and brawn, of blood and muscle 
in the creating of useful or desirable 
things from the materials and forces 
furnished by nature's great storehouse. 

The energy, being part of man, be- 
longs to him as much after the trans- 
formation as before. This makes his 
title to the thing created perfect, as 
against his fellow men, for the natural 
material and forces employed belong to 
no man, but to God alone. Man may 
use them, own them he cannot. Laws 
may regulate their use, for good or evil ; 

Digitized by 




their ownership is above human law- 
making. For man is only a tenant 
here, his term limited, and uncertain at 

There lived once upon a time a man, 
humble yet great and renowned beyond 
comparison, who gave the best and 
most useful part of his life to the pro- 
fession of teaching and educating his 
fellow men. He f6unded a school of 
his own and thereby accomplished the 
most lasting and blessed labor ever ex- 
ecuted. The crowning masterpiece of 
his works was his translation of the 
old moral code called "the Ten Com- 
mandments," once given and adapted to 
a humanity whose mind was steeped in 
thralldom and fear and unable to com- 
prehend higher conditions, into a form 
and language in absolute harmony with 
the free mind of redeemed man, con- 
scious of being all fathers beloved 
child, this new edition being universally 
known as "the Lord's Prayer," a title 
singularly and significantly correct. 
That he clearly understood and recog- 
nized the relation of man to his labors 
was shown during the last evening of 
his life. 

The story tells that, knowing his time 
for departure was drawing near, he col- 
lected around the table, for a farewell 
feast, a group of disciples he had taken 
especial pains to educate in order that 
the results of his labors might spread 
and be given freely to all men. When 
so he served them the bread he said, 
"Take, eat, this is my body," and sei;j/- 
ing the wine around he said again, 
*'Drink; this is my blood." Oh! ye 
heathen preachers, ye learned fools and 
holy humbugs, what kind of a hocus 
pocus filiocus have ye made out of that 

Chicago, III, Dec. 6, 1898. 



Darwin's theory of evolution created 
a sensation when that great philosopher 
and scientist declared it to the world. 
He was ridiculed and criticised on many 
sides, and especially from the religious 
organizations. "The theory made its im- 
press upon the more intelligent cfass, 
however, and is now most generally ac- 
cepted among scholars and thinkers, 
some of whom are leaders in the 
churches . 

Not unlike tlie Darwin theory is the 
idea of eternal social progress, or the 
evolution of society; in fact, the two — 
evolution of force and intelligence, and 
the evolution of society — are working 

out of the one immutable law of uni- 
versal progress. 

The tyranny of national rulers, and 
of corporations, or the agitation of the 
oppressed, will not change this law, tho' 
radical measures may hinder or hasten 
it a little. On the whole the condition 
is not changed from the gradual course 
of natural progress. 

Mankind is simply working out the 
divine plan. As an individual, man lives 
according to his degree of intelligence 
and spiritual unfoldment. His ignor- 
ance of the laws of right living brings 
disease or sin to himself and to society. 
It is impossible to be perfect, as an 
individual, as perfection would mean a 
cessation of progress, and the individ- 
ual would become stagnant. Life is 
motion. There is no life without 
motion. Were a man or woman perfect 
they could progress no further, as they 
would have reached the limits of prog- 
ress. If they could go no further it is 
reasonable to believe that the monotony 
of such an existence would have a de- 
teriorating effect; and the individual 
would go backward, or degenerate. 
Imagine the monotony of a progressive 
individual, whose life had been actively 
spent in searching for knowledge, were 
he or she to attain to a state of perfec- 
tion, where the limits of knowledge and 
all sensations had been reached! It is 
hard to imagine such a condition, and 
yet that must be the condition of per- 
fection. Such a life of idleness would 
drive an ordinary individual insane, and 
would certainly be conducive of degen- 

Perfection, as individuals, is impos- 
sible; though perfection of the whole 
of the universe must be a fact; and the 
immutable law of evolution is only a 
working over and over; of the principle 
of life and intelligence, from lower ex- 
pressions of organic life to higher 
planes of intelligence. The life princi- 
ple, which we call God, is perfect; as 
he — or it, or whatever term we may 
use— constitutes the whole universe, 
both seen and unseen. Man is a part of 
the God, and is a reflection or expres- 
sion of the great principle, in as much 
as he can comprehend it. As he pro- 
gresses and unfolds in his intellect, and 
comes more into the understanding of 
the divine laws of life, he expresses the 
God power more and m^e, and is in 
reality more at oneness with God. We 
are all God's, though some are false 
ones, and poor subjects of worship. 
Each is God, in proportion to his or 
her degree of unfoldment of the God 

If we could get this idea truly into 

uigiiizea by 




our minds, and bestow our prayers and 
worship unto the "God in man," which 
is trying to help mankind in his strug- 
gle for his share of the good things 
which Nature provides, I think we 
would have more influence for good. 
Prayer and worship is all right when 
properly directed. We are living now 
in the mundane sphere, and are all man- 
ifestations of the GQd, as he is ex- 
pressed on this plane. Let us worship 
and pray to the "God in Man," who has 
the power and the influence to help 
man's social condition and make him 
better here and now. 

The ideals which manifest through 
man's intuition are the divine plans by 
which he is constantly being made 
wiser and better. There never was a 
humane, progressive, or beneficial 
movement that was not first born 
• through man's intuition. The que'stioh 
arises, From whence do these ideals 
come? Are they a product of man's 
own mind? Are they an expression of 
man's higher or spiritual consciousness? 
Are they impressions of decarnate in- 
telligence, or are they pictures flashed 
upon man's mind by the universal in- 

Whatever may be the source of our 
ideals, they are the beginning of man's 
desire to be greater, and in proportion 
to the growth of his mentality do they 
manifest through him. His ideals may 
be far beyond his present possible at- 
tainment, as he is bound by limitations 
which prevent him from being a free 
a^ent. His constant aspiration and ef- 
fort to attain to his ideals, give him ex- 
perience and learning which makes him 
stronger in his individuality and more 
powerful for good. As his mind ex- 
pands and grows, he begins to throw 
off the doctrines of false creeds, and the 
belief in supernatural deeds. He re- 
alizes that everything is a part and par- 
cel of the whole, and he is the highest 
intellectual and material expression of 
God. He realizes his relation to all 
else in Nature; and being a part of all, 
he knows that inasmuch as he harms 
or hinders his fellow creatures, he also 
injures himself. A patriotism arises 
within him which transcends the love of 
one's country, — a feeling of brotherly 
love for all mankind, and a desire that 
all may live in peace and have the full 

benefits and advantages of their indi- 
vidual efforts or labor. He sees the 
evils of the competitive or wage sys- 
tem, whereby the toiler must give his 
time and energies, and his life's blood, 
for the enrichment of others, who do 
not turn a hand toward producing the 
necessaries of life — and at the same time 
many of those poor toilers are not 
given even enough of the fruits of their 
own labor to make life for themselves 
and their little families even comforta- 

He also sees the evils of society, bred 
of false teachings and dogmas of re- 
ligions, principal among which is the 
dogma of the atonement, which teaches 
that to repent, assures one of the for- 
giveness of all sins and a'home in hea- 
ven, with harp or horn. This is vir- 
tually a placing of license on wrong 
doing, for the ignorant or evil minded 
can put off this cleansing process from 
time to time, and go on in his or her 
wrong doing, and expect to be saved 
at the last hour. They can feel at lib- 
erty to commit the foulest of crimes, 
believing that such crime can be for- 
given wnen they see fit to ask it. He 
realizes that past customs and past 
teachings must give way to advanced 
thought, more suitable to a progressive 
and thoughtful people; and he feels that 
the religion of the future will be simply 
the philosophy of life, and the love of 
mankind: which will teach the children 
of men the science of right thinking 
and right doing for the love of right 
and the duty to mankind, and not 
through fear of an eternal punishment. 

This social and physical evolution is 
leading mankind into greater mental 
capacity and eliminating the necessity 
for so much physical effort. Machinery 
is taking the place of hand labor, and 
men can devote more time to the men- 
tal unfoldment, as the conditions be- 
come more favorable, year by year. 
And as the power of mind is the direct- 
ing influence of mankind, it is wise that 
we should make the mental science one 
of our chief studies. The writer will 
contribute a short paper on the subject 
of "Mind and Its Powers," at some fu- 
ture time, if it is the pleasure of the 
editor and readers of the Journal. 

Oakland, Cal., Nov. 30, 1898. 

Whether on the gallows high, 

Or In the battle's van, 
The Attest place where man can die 

Is where he dies for man. 

Digitized by 



Denver, Col., Oct. 23, 1898. 
Editor Journal: 

In my other communication to you 
relating to my travels last summer I 
believe I left you in Sacramento. 

Well, I arrived in San Francisco 
about 6 P. M. one Monday, and as I 
knew no one, or where to find anyone, 
I took the street car and rode out to 
see our R. S., Bro. Jos. Maginnis, and 
saw Bro. Wilson. I was really sur- 
prised at the sentiments expressed by 
Bro. Maginnis in the two hours* con- 
versation I had with him. 

I finally located in a lodging house 
for that night and next morning started 
out to find a job. I did so before ten 
o'clock, in a shop located fifteen feet 
below the street level, lit by electri- 
city, and the ceiling so low that one 
had to stoop to keep from striking 
one's head. The supply of fleas was 
also inexhaustjble. I held on eleven 
days and then "gave it up. I attended 
lodge, but the attendance was very 
poor, only about eight or ten; but find 
that the M. M. and Bro. Meyers, the 
F. S., very bright men, up to the 
times and earnest workers; quite a 
number of the other brothers, too, are 
hustlers. What surprised me most was 
the amount in their treasury — $14.77, — 
and the membership of seventy and 
paying a $5 sick benefit and a $75 death 
benefit, besides the G. L. benefit, on 
fifty cents a month dues; and then they 
wondered why they were running be- 
hind. I urged a reduction of benefits 
and higher dues; also impressed it ugon 
them to send a delegate to the next 
convention by all means. 

Well, I loafed around the city, seeing 
the sights and in visiting the different 
shops and talked unionism, and I found 
any number of ex-members, but could 
not induce theqi to come in; also talked 
to other men, but could not convince 
them of the advantages of the organi- 

Machinists' wages range all the way 
from $2 per day of ten hours, to $3.76 
per day of eight hours at Mare Island 

(first class). Most of the shops in the 
city pay $2.75 and $3 for ten hours, and 
have a system of fines, such as half an 
hour time for not getting shop number 
on time card correct, and not putting 
in time card, etc. A regular slave sys- 
tem, and yet those men go on working, 
never thinking of any but themselves. 
I lost another job because I wouldn't 
work for less than $3 and another man 
said he would take it at $2.75. 

While looking over the city I visited 
the Cliff house, and Sutro baths; also 
went to the Golden Gate and watched 
the third Manila expedition sail away. 

My intention on going to 'Frisco was 
to join the navy, but I found things so 
different from what I expected that I 
concluded to get a job that when it 
didn't suit me or I didn't get fair treat- 
ment, I could quit, as that is about the 
only privilege left to the laboring peo- 
ple, and even the judges are trying to 
take that away from us. 

Also visited the "Camg Merritt" of 
the volunteers, and had a good chance 
to get on to the treatment they re- 
ceived. Had a cousin in the Fifty-first 
Iowa, and if it was not for the disgrace 
any number of the boys told me that 
ninety per cent, of them would desert. 
They were treated worse than cattle. 

Went from 'Frisco to Bakersfield, 
Cal., and found business dull there and 
talked to the boys and think they could 
reorganize that lodge again with very 
little trouble. How long it would last 
I'm unable to say, as the boys come 
and go pretty often. 

Went from Bakersfield to Madera, 
Cal., and visited an uncle of mine who 
lives there and spent a week with him 
shooting rabbits, etc. Then back to 
'Frisco again. Finding I could get no 
job there I started east, as I was lucky 
or unlucky enough to get beaten out of 
a job in Honolulu. Rode to Oakland, 
Cal., on a train of seventeen Pullman 
cars that had brought the First New 
York Regiment over, and rode clear 
through to Ogden without a stop. 
However, all the conductors took my 
name, card and lodge number so as to 
protect themselves. 

uigiiizea by 




Went from Ogden to Pocatello and 
caught a job, and did all I could to 
resurrect that lodge, but failed, as the 
boys are allowing the religious question 
to divide them. I only stayed eig^ht 
weeks there and as I had a good posi- 
tion offered me I came back here again. 

Well, I hooe I have given you a very 
fair account of my trip^ and if I could 
talk to you could make it a little better. 

With kindest regards, I am 
Fraternally yours, 


Hamilton, Ohio, Dec. 2, 1898. 
Editor Journal: 

This has been taken from the "Ham- 
ilton Daily Paper" of Nov. 30, i^: 

James O'Connell, grand master ma- 
chinist of the International Association 
of Machinists, last night addressed an 
attentive and enthusiastic audience in 
the K. of P. hall on matters pertaining 
to the labor interests of Hamilton, as 
well as those of the .country at large. 
Mr. O'Connell is an interesting speaker 
who states his theories in plain English 
and then drives them home forcibly as 
indisputable facts. His visit to Ham- 
ilton was merely an incident of a trip 
through the country on behalf of work- 
ing organizations. He is visiting all 
cities of prominence, studying the labor 
situation and endeavoring to promote 
an unity of purpose among all working 

In Hamilton^ he said, he found need 
of much improvement in the conditions 
and strongly urged a better organiza- 
tion, saying that it' was only by so 
doing that the working men — and the 
machinists in particular — could occupy 
the position in participating in and con- 
ducting the city government as was 
their right. 

Touching upon the subject of the sal- 
aries or wages of machinists here he 
asserted that he knew of some of his 
hearers who were working for sums 
that were in no way commensurate with 
the amount of either labor or skill re- 
quired. For this state of affairs Mr. 
O'Connell said he did not blame the 
manufacturers, as it was likely that he, 
or any one of his hearers, would do just 
the same if they were the owners of the 
shop, as it would be to their interest to 
get the best work for the least salary 
and only by so doing could the enter- 
prise be made to pay. Who he did 
blame were the men who as individuals 
were willing to work for almost noth- 
ing when, by organization, ihey could 
compel an increase in salary. Brick- 

layers throughout the country, by their 
unity of purpose and strength of union, 
were getting three dollars per day of 
eight hours, while machinists, whose 
labors required twice the amount of 
skill, were only averaging something 
over two dollars for ten hours' work. 

Then the Grand Master turned his at- 
tention to the piece worker and the 
two-machine or contract man. This 
class, he said, had done more harm to 
labor than any other class in existence. 
He designated them to be swine of the 
first order who, to add a few more cents 
to their day's wages, would deprive their 
fellow workmen of positions and phy- 
sically exhaust themselves. He quali- 
fied these condemnations so far as they 
appertained to men of large families 
who were compelled to do two men's 
work to gain a livelihood; but strength- 
ened them with regard to the unincum- 
bered man whose sole aim was per- 
sonal aggrandizement. The system, 
the speaker asserted, was one of the 
worst in existence, and everjr effort 
should be directed toward wiping it 
out. "Every one should join a union," 
.said Mr. O'Connell, "and should live 
up to its laws no matter what they re- 
quired of him. If it was found neces- 
sary to strike he should strike, and 
should starve with his brothers until 
the object of the strike was accom- 
plished. But it must not be understood 
that a union necessarily implies a strike. 
It is nothing. of the kind. Strikes are 
bad things and should be avoided just 
so long as it is possible. A good union 
will do more to prevent troubles with 
an employer than it will toward causing. 
It takes the men out of their weak in- 
dividuality and places them as com- 
ponent parts of a great organization. It 
gives them the power to secure a hear- 
ing and argue their cause, which is ab- 
solutely impossible in the case of in- 

"Many strikes are bad, but some few 
strikes have been good both in purpose 
and result. The wars of independence, 
of the rebellion and the recent conflict 
with Spain were nothing more than 
strikes — strikes of the oppressed to se- 
cure liberty. No one can question the 
motive or the result. 

"Therefore, brothers, I urge you to 
get together, heal up all your differ- 
ences, whether personal, or of religion 
or of politics. Make your union per- 
fect and by your strength of organiza- 
tion gain those concessions and recog- 
nitions which can never be yours other- 

"When it becomes necessary to strike, 
if it ever does, the American Federation 

uigiiizea oy ^ 




of Labof Will be behind you, as it will 
also be in time of prosperity." 

The Grand Master also devoted some 
attention to the charges against the Cin- 
cinnati Brewing Company of having 
employed non-union men after having 
discharged those who were members of 
the union. 

He declared the act to be a flagrant 
breach of the agreements entered into 
with or the promises made to the dele- 
gates of the Federation of Labor, who 
had investigated the matter. 

He thought the matter could be 
speedily adjusted by the different labor 
organizations in the city taking the 
matter up and acting in unity to com- 
pel the re-employment of the old men. 
He advocated a boycott. 

Politics were also touched upon. Mr. 
O'Connell urged the necessity of perfect 
organization that elections might be 
controlled and thereby men placed in 
office who would give their attention 
to securing the enactment of new eight- 
hour laws until finally it should become 
a national system. 

The speaker produced an excel- 
lent impression upon his hearers and 
was frequently interrupted by bursts of 
ap|)lause. Several other speakers were 
present and addressed the audience at 
the close of Mr. O'Connell's remarks. 
Yours fraternally, 



St. Louis, Mo., Dec. 5, 1898. 
Editor Journal : 

Our cause is marching on. It is 
encouraging, indeed, to witness the 
healthy growth of our union movement 
all over the country — a growth both in 
regard to membership and the intelli- 
gence of the members. 

Especially cheering and hopeful is the 
fact that some of our leading and most 
influential members are courageously 
and bravely upholding the banner of 
true economic and social progress. 
While the old capitalist party ppliticians 
are fighting among themselves like 
tigers and hyenas for the sole purpose 
of getting their dirty, crooked fingers 
into the political pie of capitalism, I am 
glad to see our representative nfembers 
seriously and earnestly discussing the 
great social or labor question from a 
true scientific ^oint of view. 

Such action is like clear sunlight after 
long winter nights. Unfortunately, 
darkness still prevails among millions 
of proletarians and wage slaves, and 

the time has come when we must make 
every effort within our power to spread 
the light of economic truth and bring 
about the realization of Thomas Jeffer- 
son's noble words: 

**A11 men are born equal; they are 
endowed by their creator with the ip.- 
alienable right to life, liberty and the 
pursuit of hapoiness." 

Indeed, Brother Wilson, it made my 
proletarian heart dance from joy when 
one of the speakers (not a machinist, 
by the way) in one of our public meet- 
ings remarked: "The Internationl As- 
sociation of Machinists may justly feel 
proud to-day, for it may rightfully be 
classed with the most progressive labor 
unions in this country." 

Brother Wilson, your editorial in the 
November number of^our Journal was 
a fine piece of work; ft was sound com- 
mon sense from beginning to end — a 
refreshing piece of reading matter for 
every progressive colleague and fellow 
wage worker. Such articles will give 
new hope, new enthusiasm, new cour- 
age, noble aspirations and a nobler 
spirit of self-sacrifice to thousands of 
working people that have been nearing 
the verge of despair in view of the 
"conservative" and reactionary methods 
advocated by many so-called labor lead- 
ers and silk-stocking reformers. 

I assure you. Brother Editor, we feel 
the good effects of your progressive 
editorial work. Encouraged and full of 
enthusiasm for a good cause, our Ger- 
mania Lodge No. 394, composed of . 
German speaking colleagues, is deter- 
mined to make hay while the sun 
shines. We decided to have an open 
agitation meeting and give our unor- 
ganized colleagues a chance to become 
members of our lodge; the initiation 
fee we fixed at $2 for this occasion. 

Our brothers of Lodge No. 394 are 
glad to report that our public meeting, 
held Nov. 27, was a splendid success. 
Not less than fourteen new members 
were gained for our lodge, and all the 
colleagues in attendance were well 
pleased with the excellent addresses de- 
livered by Brothers John Mueller, Max 
Sendig, G. A. Hoehn, Chas. F. Gebe- 
lein, and our brave young hustler, 
Bro. Billy Rebbing. 

pur four local lodges are doing good 
work. The local agitation has been 
centralized and systematized and our 
local executive board proves to be the 
very organization needed for effective, 
united action. The business agency we 
have established for all the local lodges 
caused new life in our movement. Ger- 
mania Lodge No. 394 has discontinued 
the sick benefit for the present in order 

uigiiizea oy xjiv^v/p:^L\^ 



to get more means to carry on the fijjht 
for the general improvement of our 

It is with pride and satisfaction that 
our St. Louis brothers look back over 
the work done during the last year. 
Our motto is "Ever onward!" No rest 
until our object is attained, until the 
shackles fall from the hands of the last 
slave. While doing all in our power to 
improve our conditions under the pres- 
ent capitalist system we shall consider 
it as our duty to educate our fellow 
workmen on the great social question, 
and help to hasten the day when wage 
slavery will be abolished. 

A year ago Germania Lodge No. 394 
had about 38 members; to-day our 
lodge has a solid membershii> of about 
100! With fraternal greetings, 


P. S. — Our outside brothers will hear 
from us again in the near future. M. S. 


New York, Dec. 5, 1898. 
Editor Journal: 

In discussing the question of the pro- 
test made hy New York City Lodge No. 
405, in relation to the decision of the 
executive board, on the question of 
death benefits, we wish it to be under- 
stood that we are prompted by no sel- 
fish motive, but we sincerely believe the 
executive board to be in error in so de- 
ciding. In justice to the deceased 
brother, and to all the apprentices of 
the association^ we beg to submit oi^r 
protest, and will endeavor to explain 
our position and enlighten the brothers 
on the stand we have taken. 

The first clause of our protest, or 
resolution, says the decision is incon- 
sistent with and a direct violation of 
Article XI. 

This article is very plain and direct, 
so much so, it allows no chance to Be 
misunderstood or its meaning construed 
in any but the way it reads. 

It says that on the death of a mem- 
ber who shall have been for six months 
prior to his death in ^ood standing, 
there shall be paid to his relatives the 
sum of $50. This is absolutely the only 
article in the constitution in which a 
death benefit is mentioned. 

We believe one of the principal points 
on which the executive board bases its 
decision is that an apprentice is not a 
full member, and because he only pays 
half dues, he is therefore entitled only 
to half benefits. 

Now, we submit this to the brothers, 
if an apprentice is not a full member of 
the I. A. of M. what right has he to 

be admitted to our meetings or what 
right has he to the password of our 
order? Nor even in the constitution 
does it make provisions for two distinct 
class of members. We question if any 
brother has ever heard of such an arti- 
cle in the constitution. If so, what con- 
stitutes a first-class member, and what 
are the rights and privileges of a sec- 
ond-class or apprentice member? 

But admitting for argument sake, 
that we have two classes of members in 
our order, an apprentice member and a 
journeyman member, are they not both 
members of the association? 

Art XL, in relation to death bene- 
fits, makes use of an indefinite term : A 
member, which means any or all mem- 
bers of the order, who have complied 
with the condition of the aforesaid 

Again, if you turn to the initiation of 
ne^ members in our ritual, where the 
M. M. tells a new member: "I now de- 
clare you a member of the I. A. of M., 
entitled to all the rights and privileges 
of this order," bear in mind he makes 
the same declaration to both an ap- 
prentice and journeyman. Now, if an 
apprentice is not a full member of our 
ass9ciation and entitled to the same 
riglits as a journeyman, why do we per- 
mit our M. M. to tell him so? Is it to 
be said to an apprentice if occasion 
should arise, and he should call the at- 
tention of the executive board to this 
reading of the ritual: "Why the M. M. 
deceived you; the constitution and rit- 
ual don't count in this case; we (the ex- 
ecutive board) are running this busi- 
ness to suit our own ideas ? 

In the second clause of our protest we 

It is our belief that the executive 
board have been governed more by their 
personal opinions than by the constitu- 
tion of the association in renderinj^ 
their decision. 

We maintain that an executive board, 
acting in its judicial capacity, should be 
governed in all. decisions strictly by the 
law as laid down in our constitution. 

We claim that no matter how incon^ 
sistcnt or unjust the law may seem to 
be in its opinion, it is its duty to render 
a decision according to the law and 
then call the attention of the associa- 
tion to the imperfection of said law, and 
have it amended according to Article i, 
Section 2. 

We believe the executive board has 
simple considered it in this light: That 
because an apprentice pays only half 
dues, he should therefore be entitled to 
half death benefits, notwithstanding 
Art. XL includes every member in the 

uigiiizea by 




association (both apprentices and jour- 
neymen), as we have tried to demon- 
strate to the brothers. 

Again, we claim the decision is un- 
constitutional on the following grounds, 
which alone is sufficient reason, in our 
opinion, for the next convention to 
overrule and set it aside: 

The duty of the executive board ac- 
cording to the laws adopted by our 
last convention, are judicial and execu- 
tive, with the understanding that said 
board shall have all the functions of the 
Grand Lodge in the interim between 
Grand Lodge conventions. 

Sec. 2, Art. I.', says the functions of 
Grand Lodge in the interim between 
conventions, shall be executive and ju- 
dicial, with power to initiate legislation. 
If in the judgment of the board, while 
acting in its judicial or executi^ve capa- 
city, they should discover a section or 
article of the constitution that is con- 
flicting or unjust, it is their duty to in- 
itiate, or in other words, to introduce 
legislation to be voted on according to 
Sec. 5, Art. I. Now, we claim that the 
board acting in its judicial capacity 
must decide all questions according to 
the constitution. For example: 

We will say the law relating to death 
benefits reads something in this man- 
ner: The following sum shall be paid 
on death of a member: Journeymen $50, 
apprentices $25. Now we have a case 
of an apprentice who died on the day 
his apprenticeship expires. There 
arises at once a question whether his 
relatives are entitled to $25 or $50. The 
question is submitted to the executive 
board and it decides according to the 
facts presented. It would then be act- 
ing in its judicial capacity. But when 
it says a member is entitled only to 
twenty-five dollars, ikrhen the constitu- 
tion says a member shall be entitled to 
fifty, then its decision at once becomes 
a nullitjr, because it is acting beyond its 
jurisdiction. For by its decision it is 
making a new amendment to Art. XI. 

Sec. 5, Art. I., says that all legisla- 
tive power hitherto vested in this body 
(which means in this case the executive 
board) shall be vested in subordinate 
lodges to be carried out under the ref- 
erendum system. 

Therefore, by their decision, it creates 
a new amendment to Art. XL which 
is a violation of Sec. 2, Art. I., and 
conflicting with Sec. 5, Art. I. We 
therefore claim the decision is unconsti- 
tutional, null and void. 

In conclusion we would call the at- 
tention of the brothers to the principal 
points we have tried to demonstrate: 

First, That an apprentice is a mem- 

ber of the I. A. of M., and Art. XL 
says a member shall receive $50. 

Second, That the executive board has 
acted in a legislative capacity, when its 
duties are restricted to executive and 
judicial acts only. 

We wish to say, also, that in our 
opinion, the decision of the board has 
made the law relating to death bene- 
fits a mere farce, and must place the 
association in a ridiculous position, for 
it must be apparent to all of us that $25 
is not a sufficient sum to bury a brother 
in such a manner as to reflect credit to 
our organization. Unless, perhaps, our 
executive board, in its superior wis- 
dom, can enlighten us as to how an 
apprentice can be buried for half the 
sum it takes to bury a journeyman 

If the brothers of the next convention 
should decide in favor of sustaining the 
executive board we would earnestly rec- 
ommend that the law relating to ap- 
prentices be so amended that in the 
event of the death of an apprentice he 
would be entitled to a death benefit that 
would enable him to be .buried in such a 
manner as to reflect credit to the I. A. 
of M. 



Washington, Dec. 8, 1898. 
Editor Journal :* 

We have had quite an eventful month 
on the overtime question here; after 
the petition was sent to Hon. John D. 
Long, secretary, of the navy, requesting 
that the employees of Washington 
Navy Yard be paid time and a half 
over eight hours during the Spanish- 
American war, the committee received 
a number of communications from all 
over the country, from prominent sen- 
ators and congressmen, endorsing the 
claim and stating they had requested 
the secretary to pay it. 

After repeated agitation the secretary 
issued a regulation circular as follows: 

"Article No. 1574, Paragraph 2, 
strike out clauses a and c, and for 
clause a substitute the following: 

"(a) For work performed, by reason 
of extraordinary emergency, in excess 
of eight hours' per day, the ordinarjr 
rate of pay, with fifty per cent, addi- 
tional, shall be allowed. 

"Change the lettering of clauses d 
and e to c and d. 

"Very respectfully, 
"(Signed) JOHN D. LONG, 

Then the secretary issued an order. 

uigitizea by 




directing that all laborers, workmen and 
mechanics, who were employed io 
Washington Navy Yard between March 
i8 and Nov. i, i&^S, and who worked in 
the daytime and were required to work 
in excess of eight hours, and for such 
excess performed between 8 P. M. and 
6 A. M., should receive fifty per cent, 
in addition to straight pay. 

The committee waited on him on 
Dec. 5, and protested, claiming all the 
employees who worked in excess of 
eight hours, whether in the day or 
during the night, should receive the 
extra pay. The secretary stated that he 
had ordered it paid in strict accordance 
with the navaf regulations as they ex- 
isted to Nov. I, and that was as far 
as he could go, but that he believed 
that the men were entitled to pay for all 
over eight hours' work, and that if con- 
gress would pass a joint resolution au- 
thorizinj?^ him, he would be only too 
glad to do so. 

That afternoon we met Senator Bur- 
rows by appointment, and he asked us 
to go with him on Wednesday morn- 
ing, Dec. 7, to call on the secretary, 
and he would see what could be done, 
whicTi we did, and after consultation, 
the secretary stated he would draw up 
a resolution and send it to Senator Bur- 
rows to introduce in the senate. Sena- 
tor Burrows stating he would intro- 
duce it immediately upon its receipt. 
On Thursday, Dec. 8, Senator Burrows 
introduced a joint resolution in the sen- 
ate (S. R. 195), authorizing the secre- 
tary of the navy to pay certain laborers, 
workmen and mechanics at the United 
States navy yards and naval stations, 50 
per cent, additional for work performed 
in excess of eight hours per diem; 
which was read twice by its title, and 
referred to the committee on naval 

Senator Burrows was seen in the 
evening and he stated he would watch 
it, and intended asking Senator Hale, 
chairman of naval affairs committee, to 
refer it to the secretary for his approv- 
al at once; the secretary having signi- 
fied his intention to approve it when 
presented to him. 

We believe that the resolution will 
pass both houses without much opposi- 

tion, but we intend to allow no oppor- 
tunity to pass to push the matter to a 
successful issue. Under the resolution, 
not only Washington, but all the navy 
yards will receive their pay for over- 
time, and they should use the oppor- 
tunity to organize them as it shows 
what organized labor can do. 

I hope the Michigan lodges will take 
the matter up and use every effort to 
have Senator Burrows returned next 
congress, as he is a genuine friend of 
labor, he alone has done more for us 
than all the rest of senators and con- 
gressmen combined. He is a hustler 
and will not let* the matter drop. I be- 
lieve we should endeavor to keep our 
friends where they can help us. 

I hope I can state next month that 
the matter is settled and the men have 
received their back pay. 

Chairman Overtime Committee. 


Joliet, 111., Dec. 11, 1898. 
Editor Journal: 

Stuart Reid dropped into town all on 
the quiet and in a short time had the 
machinists of our Stony City in a tur- 
moil. He awakened some of the old 
members up and got them to send word 
or messages to the 3iflFerent shops in 
our city, where the machinists were 
spending their happy days without a 
thought of unionism or even an idea of 
the I. A. of M. 

But hearing Reid was in town, th^ 
thought they would come down and 
hear what he had to say. The first 
meeting he called on a Saturday night — 
a night when all machinists come up- 
town. He had a large audience; the 
hall was crowded, and with his elo- 
quence he brought a goodly number 
into the ranks of our beloved I. A. 
of M. 

The second meeting, the next Wed- 
nesday, was a r^etition of the first, and 
now things look somewhat brighter for 
No. 124, and we hope Bro. Reid will 
not forget Jofiet, but call again and 
often, for he is all right. 

F. W. E. 

No man Is great tel he can see 
How than little he would be 
Bf stripped to self, and stark and bare 
He hung his sign out anywhere. 

My doctrine Is to lav aside 
Contentions, and be satisfied: 
Just do your best, and praise er blame 
That follows that, counts Jest the same. 

I've alius noted great success 
Is mixed with troubles, more or less. 
And it's the man who does the best 
That gets more kicks than all the rest. 

—James Whitcomb 

uigiiizea by 





S3i :m-^^>s :^y/^iim mc^^-^mi 

• I I I 


*■ • • ■• 

• t 

Digitized by 




good at stiles and things of that sort, 
except when there are cows about. Then 
she is apt to be flustered. But of course 
there are no cows in Douglas Park 
Crescent. Even the milk only remotely 
suggests those animals. So Mamma 
leapt nimbly over the iron barriers, and 
continued to leap (for there was no 
other way of getting about the flat} 
until the insertion of the laths and 
cross-laths eflfectively barred all farther 

I aged with fearful rapidity during 
the process of putting in the laths. They 
are the invention of a person whom we 
do not, as a rule, talk much about. 

Only in our most unguarded mo- 
ments do we mention by name the his- 
toric character who invented the iron 
lath and the iron nut and the iron in- 
strument with which you couple the 
two. The laths will do nothing you 
desire them to do. They will not stand 
up, and they will not lie down flat, but 
turn up just a little at one end, so tliat 
you catch your foot on them, and go 
sprawling to destruction. Or they 
droop in a hopelessly intoxicated fash- 
ion, so that, Absalom-wise, your hair 
is caught, and well-nigh scraped off 
your unoflFending head. There is noth- 
ing in appearance more inebriated than 
the iron laths of a bedstead away from 
their own environment. They decline 
to be fitted on the proper nuts to 
which they appertain. Or they will 
only go on upside down. 

Then instead of filling up the gap be- 
tween .the sides of the bedstead, they 
wobble up and down in space. On this 
occasion there was no space in which 
they could possibly wobble, so they 
contented themselves with scratching 
the wall paper in every direction. The 
nuts are, if anything, rather worse than 
the laths. They will not turn on any 
consideration whatever. They are alf 
facing^ the wrong way, and the wrench 
is lost. Wrenches have a perfect gen- 
ius for losing themselves. When you 
find it the wrench does not fit. You try 
the holes in scissor-handles. They have 
no grip at all. , You try the prongs of 
the carving-fork. The carving-fork 
bends like so much amiable wire round 
the sturdy iron bolts, and your next 
roast joint is mutilated by the twisted 
prongs in a truly horrible manner. 

I got the laths into their proper 
places eventually, after exertions of a 
herculean order. I received much sym- 
pathetic encouragement from Mamma, 
who all this time was a safe prisoner in 
her bed room. For I had piled the bed- 
ding in the doorway of Maniima's room. 
There was really nowhere else to put it. 

The final act in the drama was the in- 
duction of the center-iron. You know 
the center-iron of a bedstead? — it is a 
gruesome twisted bar of rusted metal, 
like one of the more painful instruments 
of torture. I placed this baleful piece 
of ironmongery in position, and seizing 
the coaf-hammer (a coal-hammer is ah 
invaluable adjunct in spare-bed mak- 
ing) I dealt it the most terrific whack. 

Bang it went into its jplace, taking 
with it a goodly piece of my frock and 
reducing me to complete subjection. 
My feelings were those of a horse sud- 
denly thrown on to a tight bearing-rein. 
I sat down abruptly, and heard Aunt 
Anna's cab drive up". I knew at once 
it was Aunt Anna's cab. No other cab 
in the whole of Chicago would have 
arrived at so unfortunate a moment. 
Aunt Ai|na was even now coming up 
the stairs, and the door, which before it 
had been difficult to open, was now ab- 
solutely impregnable — certainly as far 
as Aunt Anna was concerned. 

The heathen of the Congo, to the 
welfare of whose souls she was about 
to devote herself, could not have given 
her a cooler reception. Indeed, the 
chances were all the other way. She 
found them, on her arrival, cannibals. 
Now they are congregationalists. It is 
a fayorite creed upon the Congo. But 
i' faith, he would be a bold cannibal 
who should essay to make a light lunch 
oflF Aunt Anna. 

The situation was distinctly strained. 
The spare bed held entire possession of 
the hall. It stretched from end to end 
and from side to side. It looked mag- 
nificent. The cook was barricaded into 
the kitchen. Mamma was breathing out 
threatenings and slaughter from her 
bedroom door, behind a zareba of blan- 
kets and pillows, bristling with bed- 
wrenches and carving-forks. But 
breathe she ever so slaughterously, she 
could not come within five good feet 
(not including the door) of her sister- 
in-law. As for me, I was fast bound in 
misery and (bedstead) iron. 

There was I, firm as a rock, only able 
to welcome Aunt Anna, with my back 
to her, through a chink in the door. 
Then, with one mighty effort, I burst 
the bonds that held me. But the Spare 
Bed would not be trifled with in that 
manner. With a diabolical click^ adopt- 
ed direct from the inventor, all the 
laths, with one consent, came off their 
nuts. The sides sprang from their sock- 
ets, and the whole concern crashed 
down upon the floor with a noise no 
lady could adequately describe. 

As I fell upon Aunt Anna's neck, I 
saw by a glance at her luggage that all 

uigiiizea by VJiOO v i\^ 



my labor had been for naught For 
Aunt Anna had brought her camp bed 
with her. 
Chicago, 111., Dec. 4, 1898. 


BT Alt If A Z. Dt7LBY. 

It had been a very dark day— dark 
and cold — and as evening draws near, 
the snow begins to fall. Large feathery 
flakes falling steadily, noiselessly, cov- 
ering all rou^h and unsightly points 
with a mantle of beauty. Helen Castle 
crosses the room, draws back the cur- 
tains and looks out. 

**Snowing!" she says, "I am so glad! 
It seems to me the bells sound sweeter 
across the snow. Ah me!" and she 
sighed softly as she leaned against the 
casement and fastened her gaze on the 

"I am grown so listless, so indifferent, 
it scarce matters to me whether they 
arc glad or sad, sweet or out of tune. 
Time was — ^but pshaw! I wish I were 
like the lily-maid," she goes on, glanc- 
ing at the volume of Elaine still in 
her hand. "To die of love would at 
least be a change. But this very or- 
dinary life. Everything fades from one. 
Wc cannot remember if we would. 
Even the sweetest and saddest of mem- 
ories go from lis. Why, it is a positive 
effort to feel anything!" 

The door opens quickly and a man 
enters, all haste and eagerness, after the 
fashion of very young men. 

"Well, as I live! I hope you are not 
jETTowing* sentimental. Don't, I beg you! 

Out into the gathering gloom' ^I 

say. Sis, is there a man out there?" 

He comes over to her, looks down at 
the slender form with a merry ^mile. 

*'No there isn't," she answers, laugh- 
ing! "Goodness knows if there had 
been I should not merely Have gazed. 
I should have made all haste to bring 
him in." 

"He was a stranger and she took him 
in," quoted the man softly. "But, Hel- 
en, you are a bit dull now, aren't you? 
There is a something in your eyes yre 
don't often see, and so to drive that 
away will you accept a token of my 
generosity and brotherly love in the 
way of tickets for a cencert to-night! 
Cheer you up a bit." 

"Because you don't care to go?" 
the girl questions, lifting laughing 
blue eyes to his. 

"Just so," he replies; "how keen you 
arc! My aversion to concerts is a gfreat 
*'Vcry well, then, you will of course 

call for me, and — and — Margaret. I 
suppose that's the g^ame?" 

"Right again! it is such a pleasure to 
have a clever sister! And let us hope 
some thing will happen out of the or- 
dinary! It would pain me terribly to 
have my only sister grow sentimental. 

"And ifyou should see a stranger " 

he pauses. 

"I will take him in," she replies. 

"Let your mind be at rest." 

* * * « « « 

And so Helen goes to the concert. 
The programme is well arranged, and 
exceptionally fine. 

"I am sure Frank didn't know what 
a treat he was giving us," she says to 
her friend, but loyal Margaret only 
smiles and questions, "No?" 

Th«n, as the plaintive notes of a vio- 
lin float through the hall, Helen turns 
to the stage again. A vague sensation 
comes over her. Somewhere, some- 
time, she has heard that before, played 
in just that same way. There is some- 
thing about the rendering that is pecu- 
liar to the artist. And once again she 
is standing on a wide veranda with the 
summer moonlight flooding the terrace 
and the white stone steps beyond. 
Every detail of the scene comes back 
to her. The well-built figure of the 
man at her side, and, plainer than all, 
the gaze of those tender gray eyes; 
eyes whose shining is softened by the 
moonlight — ^and something more. The 
hall has faded completely, -the music 
reaches her from within those low 
French windows and over the rise and 
fall she can hear: 

"Are you always so bitter? Do you 
never forgive?" And still the music 
goes on. Strains that 

Plead and pray 
For alms of memory with the aftertime. 

Perhaps if she had forgiven as in her 
heart she desired to do, and she had 
flirted, she owned it now; perhaps if 
she had not vented her anger and hurt 
pride — perhaps life would hold more in- 
terest for her to-night. She does not 
know that her hand is closed almost 
painfully over her friend's; that her 
eyes are full of tears; that anyone who 
knew her well could read the story in 
her face. 

And when the music ceases and the 
player retires 'mid a storm of applause, 
she turns, looks across the hall, and 
straight into those very gray eyes of 
which but a moment before she w<is 
dreaming. Their owner smiles, but 
she only flushes painfully and looks 
away. Could he have been watching 
her? Dare he? 

Digitized by 




Bye and bye it is all over. At the 
door they meet her brother and — some- 
one else. 

"Look here, Sis, who I captured just 
now, walking past me as if he never 
knew me or — my sister. Mr. Noble — 
Miss Lisle. Come on, Margaret, you 
and I will go on. Noble, you and 
Helen will follow us, will you not?" 

Miss Castle gives a cool little nod 
and Mr. Noble, with a polite bow, of- 
fers his arm. 

"This is very unfortunate for you," 
he says, "but the distance is short and 
wc may as well make the best of it 

"Yes," replies Helen. She never 
felt so stupid in her life. It has quit 
snowing now and the stars are out. 

"The night is very pretty after al^" 
he ventures. 

"Yes," answers Helen again, with a 
new accession of stupidity. 

"I thought we were going to have 
quite a storm." 

"Yes," she says again, and then they 
both laugh. 

"It isn't as much of a success as it 
might be," he' says, "and you won't 
help me." 

"Help you?" she questions. 

"Yes, help me to forget that you 
were ever anything more to me than 
Frank Castle's sister. Help mc to for- 
get my dream of last year*; to forget," 
he goes on rapidly, "how and when 
the dream ^as shattered, all the bitter- 
sweet memories called forth by that 
player's presence and his music." 

"I cannot," she says gently. Her 
eyes arc full of unshed tears, her lips 
quivering, but he does not look at her. 

"No, I suppose not. No one can. 
It was such a bright dream, Helen." 
Hi§ voice softens wonderfully. "I was 
too happy to ever forget. And to see 
you while imder the spell of that mu- 
sic. And yet it was that hope which 
brought me here to-night. You will 
forgive me?" 

"Yes, yes," she answers, "and," here 
the tears will not keep back, "and — oh, 
Fred, can't you see I don't want you 
to forget?" 

"Helen!" There was a world of 
meaning in his tone. 

"Yes," she repeats, "I forgave you 
then, I think, only I was too proud to 
acknowledge it." 

And suddenly, with inexpressible 
sweetness and clearness, the New Year's 
bells rang out over the snow, as she 
loved to hear them, and at least two 
people welcomed the birth of the new 
year, with corresponding chiming of 
joy — bells in their hearts. 

An hour later, as Frank Castle 
passes his sister in the hall, he says: 

"A Happy New Year, dear," and then 
wickedly, as he moves farther away*: 
"He was a stranger and she. took him 

Newark, O.^ December, 1898. 


Freedom's flag shall wave o'er every land, 
Its banner will fan the gentle breeze; 

Past history, written on the sand. 
Will be whitened by the cleansing seas. 
— B. M. G. 

The social evolution of the masses join- 
ed in brotherly love are slowly but surely 
gaining a strong foothold in this glori- 
ous land of the free. The steady in- 
dustry and inborn love — a great aspira- 
tion for a betterment of their condition 
— throbs in the breast of the poor and 
oppressed wage-earners. Each in the 
depths of their own natures long to 
reach some lofty ideal, but the meager 
compensation they receive will not per- 
mit them. 

The toilers! What would the world 
be if it were not for them? The monop- 
olists grab all they can get and reduce 
the wage-earners* paltry emolument to 
nothing. The chains of white slavery 
are growing heavier day by day. The 
toiler is growing more desperate in 
his incessant efforts to bear his burdens, 
while the employer is growing richer 
and is more desirous of acquiring 
wealth. Thus he is forcing his brother 
man, a spark of the Divinity, into the 
depths of sin and crime, and if the em- 
ployee's compense be increased it is 
done grudgingfy. Curses and oaths arc 
showered upon him as if he were a 
dumb beast, to make him strain ihis 
every muscle and brain force to accom- 
plish what they desire in lesser time 
than it should be done. 

What does he receive for his great 
skill? For building the giant locomo- 
tive? Only looks of disgust and con- 
tempt .from his oppressors. "The poor 
will be always with us." Ah, yes, "Till 
they are oppressed to such a degree 
that their voices will rise in one mighty 
echo." But first there must be unity — 
when all the oiganized unions from 
coast to coast combine their forces. 

When this is once accomplished the 
money kings will cease to rule. There 
will be more "education amongst the 
masses. More culture; more harmony. 
Less crime, robbery and murder. The 
environments will be better, and the 
ship of peace will be launched on the 
great sea of life. All will turn from 
the path of ignorance and darkness into 

uigiiizea by 




the path of light and knowledge. The 
aspiration to the good will be reachea, 
for America isi a peace-loving nation. 
It, like the good old Saxon king^ Alfred 
the Great, willingly would part with a 
portion of its vast wealth to retain 

But the great waves of oppression 
must first sweep over the country, till 
out of the depths of despair will rise 
the mighty voice of freedom. And after 
labor's united efforts regain its rightful 
place in the universe the dove of peace, 
love and harmony will hover o'er each 

little home, bearing in its beak the ban- 
ner of triumph. And round the fire- 
sides of each workman's home will sit 
a cheerful and intellectual family, each 
one accomplished in some art 6r science 
that in years gone by they could not 
even contemplate. Fresh faces, like 
roses in the early morn, will brighten 
and cheer each other's life. Litre inno- 
cent children, they will dwell in "Peace 
on earth, good will to men." 


Chicago, December 5, 1898. 


Digitized by 




Musing, the fire burned.— King David. 

OMMON things of everyday 
occurrence may not appear to 
have anything like an inter- 
esting history, but there are 
few thing^s, indeed, that are 
not intensely interesting 
when their history is gone into and the 
various changes noted in their gradual 
development to the plane of the com- 
monplace. Take a match, for instance, 
few realize its importance, or the many 
changes that have taken place — since 
man realized that fire was a necessity 
to his existence — in the modus oper- 
andi of striking a light. 

"Gimme a match, Jim," said one of 
the boys one day to Jim Brown, **and 
then tell us something about the origin 
of fire." 

"Ah," said the sage, as he handed a 
match to the borrower, **few amongst us 
ever give a thought to the immense im- 
portance of which the possession of fire 
is to the whole of the human race." 

Then, knocking the ashes out of his 
pipe and putting it away, he launched 
into the subject something like the fol- 

Fire is a wonderful element. To it 
we are indebted for light, heat and even 
life itself. To its influence is to be at- 
tributed in no small degree the sociabil- 
ity so characteristic of humanity; nor, 
probably would even our family ties re- 
main as close and intimate as they are 
were we deprived of this useful and im- 
Dortant servitor. Without fire we would 
be without the means of pursuing those 
innumerable arts and industries to 
which alone is due the material progress 
which has been made by all the families 
of mankind. 

To it the world has been indebted for 
many relig[ious rites and in ancient times 
fire was an important agent in the 
burial ceremonials of the Chaldees, the 
Hebrews, the Greeks and the Romans; 
while among the Persians, Hindoos, 
Peruvians. Mexicans and others, it still 
holds a place in the religious observ- 
ances of the people. In some countries 
the worship of fire has been the chief 
religious ceremonial of the inhabitants. 
The priests of Baal, the Ghebers, or 

fire-worshippers of Asia, the priests of 
Brahma in India, the Vestal Virgins of 
Rome, and the priestesses of the Sun 
in Peru, have all ministered at the 
shrine of Fire, not only regarding it as 
a useful and powerful ally — as, indeed, it 
deserves to be regarded — but as a god 
to be worshipped and respected. 

Of the discovery of fire there is ab- 
solutely no record. The Indian and 
Greek mythologies represent man as 
haying ascended to heaven, and there 
seized upon a fragment of celestial fire, 
which was ultimately disseminated 
throughout the world. The fable of 
Prometheus relates how that individual, 
by the aid of Minerva, climbed to the 
heavens, and, stealing fire from the 
chariot of the sun, brought it down up- 
on the earth at the end of a ferula. This 
fable is almost identical with the my- 
thological account contained in the 
Vedas of India, in which the god Agfui 
is represented as lying concealed in a 
hiding place, until forced by Matarich- 
van to leave his retreat, and to com- 
municate to Manon — the first man — the 
secret of obtaining the much-coveted 

These early mythological accounts of 
the origin of fire are of great interest, 
though, of course, as facts they are to- 
tally unreliable. 

It has sometimes been aflfirnied that 
certain tribes of savages were ignorant 
of the use of fire, yet all the evidence 
goes to prove that no race or family 
of men exists, or ever did exist within 
the historic period, to whom its use 
was entirely unknown. Certain of the 
Australian tribes have, indeed, been met 
with who either^ were ignorant of all 
means of producing fire, or who re- 
garded it as too tedious an operation to 
be needlessly undertaken, and these 
were accustomed, upon the accidental 
extinction of their own fires, to seek a 
fresh supply from their nearest friendly 

That there are many means by which 
fire might be obtained by people quite 
unacquainted with its artificial produc- 
tion, cannot be doubted. From lava 
flows and other volcanic disturbances, 
more common in past ages than at the 
present time, fire could frequently have 
been obtained in many parts of the 
world, while the accidental rubbing to- 
gether of two dry branches during a 

uigiiizea oy "kjvjkj^clk^ 



steady wind, or the vivid lightning of 
the tropics might also be a not uncom- 
mon source of fire; now and again the 
spontaneous combustion of a mass of 
vegetable matter might lead to the same 
result. Still the fact remains that from 
the most remote ages of which we have 
any knowledge, man has been injposses- 
sion of this most useful agent, and has. 
moreover, in all probability, possessed 
the knowledge requisite for its artificial 

Probably the earliest method for the 
artificial production of fire was the rub- 

grain of which a small channel has been 
formed, into which is inserted the end 
of a sharp stick, also of hard and dry 
wood. By sliding this stick backwards 
and forwards with great rapidity and 
some force, small sparks of fire are at 


bing together of two dry pieces of wood, 
but this must have been an exceedingly 
slow and tedious process, and doubtless 
all the ingenuity of the primitive races 
was directed towasds the discovery of 
an easier and quicker method. Ac- 
cordingly we find in -use amongst the 
inhabitants of New Zealand, Tahiti, 
Tonga, Samoa, the Sandwich Islands 
and other places, the process which is 
known as the stick-and-groove, of mak- 
ing fire. (See Fig. I.) This consists 
of a small piece of dry wood, along the 

Fig. a — niB^DRiLU 

Flff. 3 — ma-Dsiu* pkom mixicam paintucg. 

length produced, which are carefully 
made captive, and at length fanned into 
a flame. 

A commoner and more widely used 
implement for the production of fire is, 
however, the fire drill (see Fig. II.), of 
which there are a multitude of varying 
forms. It is met with in one shape or 
another in Australia, Sumatra and the 
Caroline Islands; in Kamtschatka. and 
in other parts of North and South 
America, in China and in Africa; it has 
also been observed in use amongst the 
hill tribes of Ceylon and the barbarous 
Ganchos of South America. 

The simplest form of this instrument 
is that commonly used by the savage 

Fig. 4.— FIRB'DRILL. 

natives of Australia. It consists of an 
arrow-like stick, cut at one end to a 
blunt point. This is inserted in a small 
hollow in an under piece of wood, is 
then twirled around between the hands 
with such rapidity and force that at 

uigiiizea by 




length the charred dust worked out in 
the process of boring becomes ignited. 
It is said that fire can be had in a 
few minutes by this process; but great 
skill and knack, as well as a knowledge 
of the best wood to use for the purpose, 
are needed, and the operation would 
probably be not only tedious, but abso- 
lutely impossible to those uninitiated in 
the art. 

That this is a very ancient method 
of obtaining fire, this antique drawing of 
an early Mexican (see Fig. Ill) in the 
act of churning fire in this manner, 
goes to show. 

Another form of the fire-drill is 
shown in Fig. IV. It is used among 
the Ganchos of the South American 
pampas, and consists of a stick of wood 
slightly bowed, which, while resting up- 
on an under piece, is turned rapidly 
with one hand, the other being employ- 
ed in putting pressure upon its upper 

The Esquimaux and the^ inhabitants 
of the Aleutian Islands have advanced 

Fie. 5.— >THONG DMLU 

somewhat further than this in their fire- 
making apparatus, and use what has 
been termed the Thong Drill. (See 
Fig. V.) 

A still further advance is seen in the 
Bow Drill, as it is used by the Sioux 
and some of the Indian tribes of British 
North America. (See Fig. VI.) 

The famous Iroquois have from the 
earliest times made use of what is 
known as the Pump Drill. (See Fig. 
VII.) By this process one hand is left 
at liberty to gather the sparks as they 
are thrown off from the *'fire-stick," 
while the other easily works the bow 
up and down, by which the rotary mo- 
tion is maintained. 

In obtaining fire by means of fric- 
tion all that was necessary was the pro- 
duction of a single spark, which was 
made captive in a bunch of dry grass, or 
in dry leaves, or in bark prepared for 
the purpose. And presently it came to 

be known that this spark could be more 
easily obtained by striking together two 
fragments of hard stone, or a fragment 
of stone and another of metal than by 
the more tedious process of continuous 
friction. At first, probably^ the nodules 

Fig. 6.— BOW DSILU 

of iron pyrites often to be picked up 
along the sea coast were employed to- 
gether with fragments of flint for this 
purpose, and the name pyrites is clearly 
derived from the Greek purites, which 
was not only the name of the mineral, 
but also meant **fiery" as well. This 
bears evidence of the probable origin of 
the flint and steel. 

The use of the flint and steel contin- 
ued in Europe from the earliest his- 
toric period almost to the present time. 
It was not until about the year 1834 
that the lucifer matcji that you just now 


borrowed, and with which we are all so 
familiar, came into ordinary use. If all 
these modern appliances could now be 
destroyed, and the art of making them 
were lost, the state of affairs can be 
better imagined than described. 

Lucifer matches — but there's the 
whistle, boys, let's get to work. 

Chicago, December 15, 1898. 

Digitized by 



"No classes" here? Why, that Is Idle 
The village beau sneers at the country 
The importuning mendicants who walk 
Our city streets despise the parish poor. 

The dally toiler at some noisy loom 
Holds back her garments from the kit- 
chen maid; 
Meanwhile the latter leans upon her 
Unconscious of the bow the laundress 

ler's daughter eyes the farmer's 


With haughty glances, while the law- 
yer's wife 
Would pay no visits to the trading class. 
If policy were not the creed in life. 

The merchant's son nods coldly at the 
clerk ; 
The proud possessor of a pedigree 
Ignores the youth whose father rose by 
The title-seeking maiden scorns all 

The aristocracy of blood looks down 
Upon the "nouveux riches." and in 
The lovers of the intellectual frown 
On both, and worship at the shrine of 

"No classes here," the clergyman has 
"We are one family." Yet see his rage 
And horror, when his favorite son would 
Some pure and pretty player on the 

It is the vain and natural human way 
Of vaunting our weak selves, our pride, 
our worth! 

Not till the long-delayed Millennial Day 
Shall we behold "No classes" on God's 


-Ella Wheeler Wilcox. 


Three gaunt, grim wolves that hunt for 

Three gaunt grim wolves there be. 
And one is Hunger, and one is Sin. 
And one Is Misery. 

I sit and think till my heart is sore. 
While the wolf or the wind keeps shaking 

the door. 
Or peers at his prey through the window 

Till his ravenous eyes burn into my brain. 

And I cried to myself. "If the wolf be Sin, 
He shall not come in— he shall not come 

But If the wolf be Hunger or Woe, 
He will come to all men whether or no!" 

For out In the twilight, stem and grim, 
A destiny weaves man's life for him 
As the spider weaves his web for flies; 
And the three grim wolves. Sin, Hunger, 

and Woe, 
A man must flght them whether or no. 
Though oft in the struggle the fighter 


To-night I cry to God for bread. 

To-morrow night I shall be dead; 

For the fancies are strange and scarcely 

That flit like spectres through my brain; 
And I dream of the times long, long ago. 
When I knew not Sin, and Hunger, and 


—Francis Gerry Fairchild. 


PROP. B. A. WBrrWAM, LL. D. 

Lend a hand. Brother Jones, to that man 
in the gutter: 
He fell in the pit that you dug 
When you went to the polls alongside the 
big brewer 
And voted the same as the thug. 
Lift him out of the hole and then help 
us to fill it— 
"With prayers?" No. you've learned 
them by rote; 
No answer you'll get while the devil hob- 
nobbin' ; 
You must help All that hole with your 

It is whisky has downed more than all 
else beside, sir, 
Distillers Just laugh at your prayers; 
The way to lift him an' keep others from 

Is to close all the devilish lairs. 
Your petitions ne'er reach to your own 
humble cellin'. 
They climb not the heavenly way; 
If you wish them in heaven to waken the 
You surely must vote as you pray. 

Jesus Christ has no use for a man that's 
a dodger. 
Who to stand for the right is afraid. 
Who thinks that for temp'rance he does 
his whole duty 
If he stand now and then on parade. 
If the battle Is won, there are blows to 
be given; 
Each man his whole duty must do; 
In the home and in public, on rostrums, 
in pulpit. 
And prove at the ballot-bo^true. 

uigiiizea by 




Tou may skirmish about an* the field re- 
And startle a moment the foe, 
By flrin' a shot now an* then an' re- 
Lest some party leader may know; 
But no soldier e'er won either vict'ry or 
Who faced not the foe to the last; 
An' you, too, will do naught that will 
count lest you hasten 
Your vote 'gainst the devil to cast. 

He's a funny old codger, is old Mr. Satan. 

An' likes to crack practical Jokes 
An' his shouts set hell's high arches to 
An* he laughs an' he laughs till he 
When he sees the procession of preachers 
an' brewers. 
An' deacons an' bummers an' pimps. 
An' stewards, class leaders, an' Sunday- 
school teachers, 
Ekich voting as told by his imps. 


Children of yesterday. 
Heirs of to-morrow, 

What are you weaving- 
Labor and sorrow? 

Look to your looms again; 
Faster and faster 

Fly the great shuttles 
Prepared by the Master. 

Life's in the loom. 
Room for it— room! 

Children of yesterday. 

Heirs of to-morrow. 
Lighten the labor 

And sweeten the sorrow; 
Now— while the shuttles fly 

Faster and faster. 
Up and be at it— 

At work with the Master. 
He stands at your loom. 

Room for Him— room. 

Children of yesterday. 

Heirs of to-morrow. 
Look at your fabric 

Of labor and sorrow. 
Seamy and dark 

With despair and disaster. 
Turn it— and lo. 

The design of the Master! 
The Lord's at the loom. 

Room for Him— room! 

—Mary A. Lathbury. 


When wilt thou save thy people? 

O God of mercy! When? 
Not kings and lords, but nations; 

Not thrones and crowns, but men! 
Flowers of thy heart, O God are they; 
Let them not pass like weeds away— 
Their heritage a sunless day. 

God save the people! 

Shall crime bring crime forever. 
Strength aiding still the strong? 

Is it thy wiU, O Father, 
That man shall toil for wrong? 

No! say thy mountains; No! thy skies; 

Man's clouded sun shall brightly rise 

And songs ascend instead of sighs! 
God save the people! 

When wilt thou save the people? 

O God of mercy! When? 
The people. Lord, the people! 

Not thrones and crowns, but men! 
God save the people, thine they are. 
Thy children, as thy angels fair! 
Save them from bondage and despair! 
God save the people! 

^Ebenezer Elliott. 


From Europe's cauldron seething. 
Come famine voices, breathing 

Mutiny and discontent profound. 
As the end of wrong is nearing 
Nemesis Is appearing. 

And the dogs of retribution arc un- 
Behind the bayonets glist'ning. 
The monarchs stand a llst'ning, 

With wealth and privilege afraid- 
Stand llst'ning to the murmur. 
Growing ever plainer, firmer. 

Of exploited labor waking up at last. 
Waking as the lions waken. 
When their offspring's food Is taken. 

Food, by fiercest struggle hardly won; 
Grimly facing his despoller. 
So. to-day stands Europe's toller. 

And the Armageddon is begun. 

— Whittlck. 


Are you men with conscience or shame. 
That your souls can be bought for a 
Are you cowards that dare not proclaim 
That you stand for the right against 
Are you slaves that you aid to defeat 
The foes of the gold-glutted host? 
Are you dogs that you fawn at the feet 
Of the men that have spurned you the 

» < 


The man is thought a knave or fool. 

Or bigot, plotting crime. 
Who. for the advancement of his kind 

Is wiser than his time. 
For him the hemlock shall distill; 

For him the axe be bared: 
For him the gibbet shall be built; 

For him the stake prepared; 
Him shall the scorn and wrath of men 

Pursue with deadly aim; 
And malice, envy, spite and lies, 

Shall desecrate his name. 
But truth shall conquer at the last. 

Atoning for the evils past. 

— Chas. McKay. 

Digitized by 



BY O. K. W. 

In laying out the shoes and wedges 
on a locomotive engine, the principle to 
be kept in view is, to have the centers 
of the driving-axles eflual distances from 
each other, 'the centers on eath axle 
at right angles to the rails, so the 
flanges will not "cut" or wear sharp, 
and the face of each shoe and wedge 
parallel with each other, and also paral- 
lel with the other shoes and wedges on 
that side. 

Before laying out the shoes and 
wedges, the pedestal jaws and inside of 
each shoe and wedge should be filed 
true, so when the shoes and wedges are 
put in place they will be solid, no "rock" 
in them. The pedestal-braces or bind- 

cylinder-saddle as shown at A, Fig. i, 
then with a tram that has one end 
pointed and on the other end a slidinj; 
point, put the straight point at A, and 
with the sliding point make a line at B 
and C, Fig. i, the centers between the 
pedestals; make a line lengthwise of 
the frames, and the same distance from 
the top on both sides make a small cen- 
ter punch-mark where these two lines 
bisect; these points are on inside of 
frames, and should be carried to outside 
of frames by putting a "square" on top 
of frame and extending points B and C 
to top and over the top and down on 
outside; make another line lens^hwise 
on the outside of frame equal distance 
from the top; make a small center 
punch-mark where these two lines bi- 
To make this one drawing answer our 


ers should be fitted to pedestals so there 
will be no lost motion when up to 

When the shoes and wedges are put 
up. the shoes should be of such a length 
that it cannot move up or down, or be 
held to pedestal jaw by a bolt through 
pedestal, and the head of bolt should be 
on outside of pedestal, so if at any 
time after the wheels are put under the 
engine the shoe can be taken down to 
put a liner behind it by taking the bolt 
out. The wedges should be down about 
fi-inch from top of binder. Block the 
shoes and wedges in this position by 
putting a bolt between them, as shown 
in Fig. I. 

Get the center of the frames on back 

purpose, we will suppose the points B 
and C are now on outside of frames. 
Mark oflF the width of the driving-box- 
es between shoe and wedge from the 
points B and C; then put liners between 
shoes and wedges and pedestals until 
the distance between the shoe and 
wedge on each side is enough less than 
the width of driving-box so they can 
be planed. It is best to use as few 
liners as possible; make them as thick 
as can be used. From the points B 
and C make the lines D E on left side 
and F K on right side; the distance be- 
tween these lines on each side to be 2 
inches larger than the width of the 
driving-boxes. Put a surface-plate or 
two parallel blocks on top of frames, 

uigiiizea oy vj3v^v/p:^i\^ 



and with a "square" placed against 
surface-plate, draw the lines D I and 
E H on left side and F J and K G on 
right side; make a small center punch- 
mark on these lines near the top and 
bottom on each shoe and wedge. 

Put a straight-edge across the frames 
between the shoes and wedges, let it 
rest on the bolts that are holding shoes 
and wedges in place, set it so the edge 
will be tne same distance from lines E 
H and K G, then make a line on inside 
of each shoe as shown at M and L, 
this line to be same distance from 
straight-edge on inside as the lines E 
H and K G are on outside; mark the 
inside of each wedge the same way, 
having the points O and P same dis- 
tance from straight-edge as the lines D 
I and F J are; make a small center 
punch-mark at each one of these points, 
L M and O P. These points are to be 
on inside of each shoe and wedge. 

Before laying out the back-shoes and 
wedges, get the length of the side-rods. 
If solid side-rods are used, great care 
must be exercised in laying out the 
back- shoes and wedges, so the distance 
between centers of driving boxes on 
each side will be the same as length of 

With a tram set to the length of 
side-rods from the points B and C, 
make the lines Bi and Ci, make a line 
lengthwise of the frame on each side, 
and same distance from the top; make 
a small center-punch mark where these 
lines bisept same as at front end; from 
these points mark oflF the width of driv- 
ing-boxes and put liners between shoe 
and wedge and pedestal, until the dis- 
tance between the shoe and wedge is 
enough less than the width of driving- 
boxes so they can be planed. With the 
tram set to the length of side-rods, put 
one point at D and make the mark N, 
and from E to R, from I to U, and H to 
V on left side; and from F to W, from 
K to X, from J to S, and from G to T 
on right side. It is a g6od idea to try 

these points to see if they are correct 
by measuring from N to R and V to U 
on left side, and from W to X and S to 
T on right side ; if they are the same as 
on front shoes and wedges, they are 
correct. The points for inside shoe and 
wedge can .be gotten the same as in 
front by putting a straight-edge across 
the frames between shoes and wedges. 

Make a small center punch-mark 
same as done on the front shoes and 
wedges. If a ten-wheeler or consolida- 
tion engine, lay out all the shoes and 
wedges, measuring from the front or 
main shoes and wedges to the others. 

In case the back driving-boxes are 
different width than front ones, lay out 
the points Bi and Ci; then from these 
points lay out width of driving-boxes, 
and 2 inches more, as shown at Ni and 
Ri on left side, and Wi and Xi on 
right side; then set tram from D to Ni, 
using this length; carry the points from 
front shoes and wedges back to back 
shoes and wedges, same as when driv- 
ing-boxes were same width as front 

The shoes and wedges are now ready 
to be planed and can be set to the 
center punch-marks on the sides. In 
planing take off enough, so it will meas- 
ure I inch from the center punch-mark 
to the face of the shoe or wedge. The 
reason that each shoe and wedge is laid 
out I inch from face is, after they are 
planed, they should be put up to place 
and tried; if out, the points are there to 
tell if they were planed wrong or laid 
out wrong. 

A handy gauge for measuring from 
face of shoe or wedge, is made out of 
a piece of ^-inch square steel, planed 
true, and with a sliding steel point, held 
by a thumb-screw in end, as shown in 
Fig. 2. As all sizes are^ given it can 
be easily made, and be found useful in 
a great many cases. 

[The above article is by request 
clipped from the May, 1893, issue of 
Locomotive Engineering. — Editor.] 


Methought a great wind swept across the 

And all the tollers perished. Then I saw 
Pale terror blanch the rosy face of mirlh. 
And careless eyes grow full of fear and 

The sounds of pleasure ceased ; the laugh- 
ing song 
On folly's lip changed to an angry curse; 
A nameless horror seized the Idle throng 
And death and ruin filled the Universe. 
—Ella Wheeler Wilcox. 

uigitized by 


Car builders of Detroit have organ- 

Michigan barbers organized a state 

Women of Lansing organized a La- 
bel League. 

Garment workers issued 3,000,000 la- 
bels last year. 

Dallas. Tex., street railway employees 
won their strike. 

Bricklayers convene at Hartford, 
Conn., January 9. 

A new telegraph idea transmits 3,000 
words per minute. 

In 1897 there were 5,855 registered 
unemployed in Queensland. 

Balch Bros.,^ Utica, N. Y., printers, 
have again unionized their plant. 

Public bathhouse is to be erected at 
Albany. N. Y., at a cost of $30,000. 

The molders* union label can now be 
found upon a large number of stoves. 

Granite cutters of Whitehaven, Pa., 
have organized. — Trouble at Mt. Waldo 
still unsettled. 

Syracuse union printers will be fined 
$2 if caught reading a paper without a 
union label thereon. 

In the recent elections at Covington, 
Ky., eight union men were elected on a 
Republican "fusion" ticket. 

The female conductors have been 
taken off of the street railways in Mad- 
ison, Ind. Public objected. 

Since establishment of the Milk Ex- 
change in New York milk has advanced 
in price 2j^ cents per quart. 

Swiss capitalists contemplate estab- 
lishing big cotton mills in Russia. 
Capitalism knows no boundary lines. 

A committee of the French Chamber 
of Deputies has unanimously declared 
in favor of admitting women to exercise 
the profession of barrister. 

John Wanamaker and Mark Mayer 
& Co., who secured contracts for fur- 
nishing 50,000 army, uniforms, have 
ajfreed not to employ sweat-shop labor. 

The employment of women conduc- 
tors on street cars has been stopped at 
Madison, Ind., as the change proved a 
losing investment. Men with familie;^ 
had been discharged to make room for 
the women. The men received $10 a 
week, while the women were paid $4. 
The public objected, and to emphasize 
its displeasure boycotted the street cars. 

The mayor of Syracuse has declared 
in favor of day labor, without the in- 
tervention of contractor, and will try to 
put a law through the legislature to 
that effect. 

The national presidents of the print- 
ing crafts meet at Pittsburg January 8, 
with view of revising the tripartite 
agreement and rules regulating the is- 
sue of the allied label. 

The output of coal in Missouri was 
17 per cent greater in 1898 than in 1897, 
yet the condition of the miners was as 
deplorable as ever. Verily, dnder ^he 
competitive system the productivity of 
the wage workers is a curse to their 

The malsters of Milwaukee are ap- 
pealing to organized wage-workers 
throughout the land not to consume 
beverages made from the products of 
American Malting Company, of Mil- 
waukee, and Wm. Gerlach Company 
and Conrad Schreier, of Sheboygan, 

Four million two hundred and fifty 
thousand dollars were paid by the Lon- 
don County Council for the South Lon- 
don tramways, which are to be oper- 
ated by the municipality. Iii the United 
States franchises are given gratuitous 
for several generations to labor-fleecing 

The Cubans are ungrateful wretches. 
Instead of working for $2 per day and 
rations at constructing warehouses at 
Quemados, they struck for $3 a day. 
They were "discharged" and $13 a 
month American soldiers will continue 
the work until laborers can be found 
to take the places of the strikers. 

During the recent strike of lasters at 
Brockton, Mass., a manufacturer said to 
a friend: *'As long as we have a com- 
petitive system, where one manufacturer 
will cut under another for the purpose 
of getting orders, just so long will we 
have these troubles. Look at the Stan- 
dard Oil Company. They have no 
strikes, because they can control their 
business and afford to pay their help 
enough to avoid strikes. When the 
shoe business gets into one or two 
hands, it will end all labor troubles." 
"But what will we have after that — so- 
cialism?" asked his friend. The reply 
was: "Yes. socialism." 

uigiiizea by 



Man — with the exception of woman, 
nature's noblest achievement — is apt to 
grow conceited when he considers his 
superiority over the rest of animal cre- 

For, if he believes in Darwin's the- 
ory — and those who don't are in these 
thinking days a very small minority — 
his self-esteem runs the risk of receivmg 
a considerable shock. Man, after all, is 
only a glorified ape — a fact which a 
visit to the zoo brings home to every- 
one with eyes to see and ears to hear. 

So much has long been granted. Now 
comes Professor Ernest Haeckel, the 
well-known German scientist, who de- 
clares that he has traced man's evo- 
lution much farther back than the ape 

You hail from a fish which belonged 
to the order of the selachii, the best 
existing species of which is the shark. 

A skeleton of this ancestor of man 
has been found, and consists merely of 
a skull and vertebral column, with short 
embryo ribs. 

From this form all other fishes with 
more complex bone structure have de- 
veloped. In another direction this prim- 
itive fish gave rise to the higher forms 
of vertebrate amphibious animals lead- 
ing up to man. 

The next higher class of vertebrates 
leading toward man are the batracians 
or amphibians, to which class the axo- 
lotl of Mexico belongs. An experiment 
was made of keeping the axolotl per- 
manently out of the water. It lost its 
gills and became permanently mature 
and accustomed to its environments. 
Similar to these are the various kinds 
of toads and frogs. Afterward came 
the protamnions (lizard-like reptiles). 
The creature of this class from which 
man descended was of the group of 
stegocephala. In the formation of this 
animal a distinct advance occurs. The 

period at which these important ad- 
vances occurred which laid the founda- 
tion of the mammal class, to which man 
belongs, was probably the triassic peri- 
od, as the earliest mammal fossils occur 
in the rock strata of that time. 

Out of that epoch also came the 
monotrema animals, of which the mod- 
ern duck-bill, or platypus, is a remnant. 
This creature, though looking like an 
animal, lays eggs. It occupies the low- 
est place among mammals. 

The next step higher in development 
was that of the marsupials, or animals 
whose females carry their young in 
pouches. From a branch of such 
pouched animals the parent form of the 
higher mammals, the placental animals, 
of which man is a type, afterward 

Hence a whole series of pouched ani- 
mals must be reckoned among the an- 
cestors of the human race. 

A special stage is that of the semiapes. 
Probably man s ancestors among the • 
semiapes closely resembled the existing 
femurs, and, like these, led a quiet life 
climbing trees. 

These are immediately followed by 
the true apes, or simians. It has long 
been beyond doubt that of all animals 
the apes are in all respects the most 
nearly allied to man. Just as on the one 
side the lowest apes approach very near 
to lemurs, so on the other side do the 
highest apes most closely resemble man. 

The difference between man and the 
highest form of apes, the gorilla, is 
slighter than between the gorilla and 
the baboon. Below even the baboon, 
the oldest parent form of the whole ape 
group must certainly have been thickly 
covered with hair, and was, in fact, a 
tailed ape. 

It is, after all, some satisfaction to 
know that a thousand million years may 
have been consumed in this evolution 
of man. 

Prom Shark to Man. 

uigitizea by 


HE eighteenth annual conven- 
tion of the American Federa- 
tion of Labor met at Shrine 
Hall on the above date at lo 
o'clock A. M. It was opened 
By President Gompers, who 
introduced Ford A. Allen, of Typo- 
graphical Union No. 80, who delivered 
the opening address. 

Mr. Ford A. Allen's address was well 
received by the delegates and responded 
to by President Gompers, in part, as fol- 

We are happy to-day to look out upon 
your wonderful young city with the 
realization that it represents a great tri- 
umph of labor. That such a city as 
this can be built in a short space of 
years is proof that American industry 
and energy can surmount anything. 
Where cities like this are built a lesson 
of the power of labor is laid down. That 
labor has made such an advance In Kan- 
sas City is a matter of general congrat- 
uJation. That you have an eight-nour 
workday, something that labor is strug- 
gling for everywhere, is proof that you 
are an advanced city, we can say for 
labor to-day that It is marching on, not, 
perhaps, so rapidly as has oeen the 
growth of this great city, but with 
steady steps, surely and certainly toward 
the goal of happiness. We have with 
us to-day representatives of labor who 
have come across the sea from England 
to mingle with us In our work for the 
upbuilding of labor. They came from the 
British Trades Union Congress to the 
court of labor in America. The treaties 
that they will ratify will be far greater 
than those signed by plonipotentlaries. 

President Gompers then declared the 
eighteenth annual convention called to 
order to transact the business which 
may come before it. 

The number of delegates in attend- 
ance exceeded that of any previous con- 
vention. There were 135 aelegates, rep- 
resenting 107, organizations, of which 45 
were national and international unions, 
seven state branches, fifteen central bod- 
ies, forty local and federal unions. The 
Trades Union Congress of Great Brit- 
ain was represented by Wm. Thorne of 
London and Wm. Inskip of Leicester. 
Number of votes, 2,500. 

The president's report was very elab- 
orate and lengthy. It showed 203 char- 
ters issued directly from the A. F. of 
L., including nine national and inter- 
national unions, twelve central bodies, 
and 182 local and federal unions. 

There are now in direct aflfiliation 
with the A. F. of L. : 

National and international unions 
(with 10,500 local unions attached) 67 

State federations 10 

City central labor unions and trades 
assemblies 82 

Local trade unions (having no na- 
tionals) 315 

Federal labor unions 109 

Fifty affiliated nationals report 527 
charters granted to local unions, and 
our organizers report that they have or- 
ganized and secured charters from other 
national and international unions for 150 
local tinions during the past year. These 
figures, which do not complete the field, 
show 880 local unions organized and 
chartered during the year. 

The eight-hour law, postal savings 
bank, anti-scalpers bill, judicial injunc- 
tions, growth of municipal ownership, 
and the proposed expansion policy of 
the United States were the main fea- 
tures of the report. 

As it would be impossible to repro- 
duce the full report of the president, we 
respectfully suggest that our members 
who may be interested in the same will 
procure a printed copy of the proceed- 
ings of the convention. 

The secretary's report showed re- 
ceipts for the vear, $22,588.50; expenses, 
$19,917.17; balance, $3,391.42. 

The report of the Executive Council 
was very concise, and it showed that 
many grievances had been settled and 
legislation secured during the year to 
the advantage of labor. 

The report of Thomas L Kidd, fra- 
ternal delegate to Canada, proved very 
satisfactory and showed that much had 
been done to draw the workmen of the 
United States and Canada closer to- 

In the selection of committees, the 
delegates of the I. A. of M. were fully 
recognized: James O'Connell as chair- 
man of Labels and Boycotts, Stuart 
Reid on Resolutions, and Geo. Warner 
on Grievance Committee. 

Resolution No. 42, by Delegate Kent, 
of the Carpenters, brought out a very 
spirited debate. The resolution read as 
follows : 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Whereas, There is a clamor on the part 
of some of the capitalistic clckss and 
amonsr others who are moved by solely 
sordid Interests and ideas, in lavor of 
what is called a policy of imperialism or 
expansion, meaning: that this nation shall 
follow In the footsteps of the old world, 
own colonies and rule and tax weaker 
peoples without their consent, thus revo- 
lutionizingr our history and traditions and 
pursuing: a policy, the enforcement of 
which by Oeorgre III. brought about the 
revolutionary war, a policy calculated to 
demoralize American labor by bringing 
in competition with it classes of laborers 
who do not understand the genius of our 
institutions, and who are at present al- 
most devoid of those aspirations so neces- 
sary to elevate labor; and. 

Whereas. The capitalistlic or privileged 
classes have never been known to do 
anything to elevate mankind, and the 
burden of carrying on the struggle for 
better conditions for those who toll has 
rested on the shoulders of labor; and. 

Whereas, Years of time and thousands 
of dollars have been spent in trying to 
organize, educate and assimilate thQse 
servile classes that have already In many 
sections of the United States displaced 
fairly paid American labor; and. 

Whereas. Such a policy will mean the 
building up of a large army and navy at 
the expense of the producers, who not 
only will do the fighting but pay the 
fiddler, is essentially undemocratic, and 
as ex-Premier Dupuy has lately said of 
the French army, "a menace to a repub- 
lic." The attention of the people will 
be constantly turned from the study of 
the reforms now so urgently needed in 
our own domestic affairs to spectacular 
visions of conquest, along with which 
will come that inevitable cold commer- 
cialism that will tend to stifle our in- 
stincts of Justice and humanity, human 
sentiment will give place to a universal 
sordid desire for gain; therefore, be It 

Resolved, by the delegates of the A. 
F. of L., In convention assembled. That 
we are unalterably opposed to all so- 
called policies of Imperialism, expansion, 
or colonization. While we are at all 
times anxious for this nation to take up 
the sword In the interest of the op- 
pressed, when we do so we should not 
follow it up by holding In subjection as 
subjects people who have a divine right 
to govern themselves; nor should we 
annex countries not contiguous to our 
continent whose people have nothing In 
common with American civilization. 

The resolution had been referred to 
the committee on president's report, 
which offered the following as a sub- 

Whereas, As a result of the war with 
Spain, a new and far-reaching policy, 
commonly known as "Imperlarism" or 
"expansion," is now receiving the atten- 
tion of the National Government, and If 
ratified by the United States senate will 
seriously burden the wage-workers of our 
country, thrust upon us a large standing 
army, an aristocratic navy, and seriously 
threaten the perpetuity of our Republic; 
therefore, be it 

Resolved. That this convention offers 
its protest against any such Innovation 
In our system of government, and In- 
struct our officers to use every hon- 
orable means to secure Its defeat. 

Delegate Donnelly, international 

president I. T. U., declared himself in 
favor of expansion, and cited the en- 
deavors of the machinists and boiler- 
makers along the line of having all 
work on United States navy vessels 
done by union men, as an expression of 
favorable opinion on the policy of ex- 
pansion. He further requested any dele- 
gate present to show any instance in 
the history of Great Britain where the 
policy of expansion had injured the 
conditions and reduced the wages of the 
British worker. 

Bro. Reid replied, and cited cases 
whereby the introduction of machinery 
into India and its operation by coolie 
labor had greatly injured the British 
worker. He also denied any desire on 
the part of the International Association 
of Machinists to increase the army or 
navy, but said it simply insisted on all 
government work being done by union 
men. The following resolutions, 15, 16, 
17, 18, presented by Delegate O'Con- 
nell. were passed: 

To amend constitution of American 
Federation of Labor, Article XL, Sec- 
tion I, on third line. Change word 
"two" to read "five," so that the oer 
capita tax for local trade unions and 
federal labor unions shall be five (5) 
cents per jnember per month. 

Referred to Committee on Laws. 

Resolution No. 16: 

To amend constitution of the Ameri- 
can Federation of Labor by adding the 
following section to Article X., Sec- 
tion 6: All local trade unions and fed- 
eral labor unions holding charters direct 
from the American Federation of Labor 
desiring the assistance of the American 
Federation of Labor in trade disputes, 
shall submit to the president of the 
American Federation of Labor for ap- 
proval by the executive council a full 
statement of the grievance before a 
strike occurs. Unions violating this 
section shall forfeit all claims upon the 
American Federation of Labor or aflili- 
ated organizations for support. 

Resolution No. 17: 

Whereas. The United States govern- 
ment, during the late war with Spain 
for a period of about six months worked 
the employees In the navy yards and 
arsenals over the regular day of eight 
hours Instead of Increasing the forces, 
and for which said forces only received 
single time; and, 

Whereas, The International Associa- 
tion of Machinists have been endeavoring 
to secure for the employees of the navy 
v^rds and arsenals extra time of one- 
half for all overtime worked; therefore, 
be It 

Resolved. That the Incoming executive 
council Is hereby Instructed to give the 
International Association of Machlnistn 
every possible assistance In securing ex- 

Digitized by 




tra time for all who have worked over 
eight hours per day, and the delegates 
to the eighteenth annual convention are 
hereby requested to bring the matter be- 
fore their various organizationa with a 
view to petitioning the war and navy de- 
partments and the President of the 
United States to pay this extra time 
without unnecessary delay. 

Resolution No. i8: 

Whereas. The United States govern- 
ment (through their directing boards of 
the various navy yards and arsenals) 
have for the past two years made an 
effort to introduce the two-machine and 
plece-woric system; and 

Whereas, These obnoxious systems are 
not tolerated in the private machfne 
shops throughout the country, except in 
isolated institutions now under the ban 
of the International Association of Ma- 
chinists; an^ 

Whereas, The said International Asso- 
ciation of Machinists, recognizing the 
harmful effects of the above mentioned 
practices not on the craft alone, but on 
society at large, inasmuch as the piece- ' 
work system lowers the standard of 
living by reducing- wages, while the 
two-machine system crowds the already 
overstocked market with unemployed, by 
seeking to have one man perform the 
labor that should be done by two; and, 

Whereas, The International Association 
of Machinists have for several years 
steadily and consistently fought these in- 
novations, not only by organized resist- 
tnce, but have refused to allow its mem- 
bers to work under such regulations; 

Whereas, We regard the present atti- 
tude of the government to be the result 
of dictation from manufacturers, who 
seek to make the government accom- 
plish that which they themselves have 
failed to gain; be it therefore 

Resolved, That we. the International 
Association of Machinists, do hereby re- 
quest that the American Federation of 
Labor in convention assembled, instruct 
its executive council to use any and all 
means in its power to assist us in abol- 
ishing this form of slavery from all gov- 
ernment shops, and we do request also 
the moral support of each delegate to 
the extent of petitioning their senators 
and congressmen in their respective dis- 
tricts to demand a change of policy on 
the part of those in charge of our navy 
yards and arsenals. 

Resolution No. loi, by James O'Con- 
ncll, Stuait Reid and Geo. Warner, was 
also passed: 

Whereas, Members of Lodge No. 47, 
International Association of Machinists, 
employees of the Davis Engine Company, 
Denver, Colo., have been and are still 
Higaged in an extended struggle for rec- 
ognition of the principles of trades union- 
ism: and. 

Whereas. The^ Davis Engine Company 
of that city failing to secure an injunc- 
tion from the district court have carried 
tlieir case to the court of appeals; there- 
fore, be it 

Resolved, That the American Federa- 
tion of Labor, in convention assembled, 
congratulate the organized machinists of 
Denver on their victory over the Davis 
Engine Company In the district court 
of Arapahoe county; and be it further 

Resolved, That we, the delegates of the 
American Federation of Labor, in con- 

vention assembled, do pledge our moral 
support to the International Association 
of Machinists in the continuance of their 
struggle, to the end that the principles of 
trades unionism may be flrmly estab- 
lished In the city of Denver. 

Also Resolution 57, by Delegate Jas. 

Whereas, Machinists in the United 
States naval service are of three classes 
or grades, the rates being "chief," "first" 
ana "second" class. The chief machin- 
ist's duties are to see that the regular 
routine is carried out. to make all neces- 
sary repairs, or see that they are made 
while in port, and give a general super- 
vision to all that Is going on in the de- 
partment. At sea the chief machinist is 
in charge of the watch below, and is re- 
sponsible for the proper working of the 
department during his watch. He re- 
ceives 170 per month for his services. 
Machinist nrst-class may stand a plat- 
form wUtch if deemed capable and do 
such other duties that may be assigned to 
him. his pay being |&5 per month. Ma- 
chinist second-class stands no platform 
watch, but must* have the ability to make 
all necessary repairs. His pay is $40 per 
month; and^^ 

Whereas. The pay of $70 per month for 
chief machinist is not commensurate 
with the duties exacted and performed, 
he being In reality the working engineer 
of the united States navy, and shoyld 
certainly be In line of promotion to chief 
engineer, and the pay of $66 per month 
for machinist flrst-class. and that of $40 
per month for machinist second-class la 
far below the minimum rate of pay in 
any reputable machine shop In the 
United States; therefore, be it 

Resolved, That the American Federa- 
tion of Labor, In convention assembled, 
indorse and urge upon congress the en- 
actment of the proposed substitute for 
paragraphs 16, 17 and 18 of house bill 
10,408. which provides for a more ade- 
quate compensation for machinists in the 
T'nited States navy. 

On Monday, the seventh day of the 
convention, Delegate Donnelly, inter- 
national president I. T. U., moved that 
resolution No. 58, relating to the griev- 
ance of the I. A. of M. against the I. 
T. U. be made a special order of busi- 
ness for 2 P. M. The motion carried, 
and at 2 P. M. promptly the grievance 
committee reported, and the nght was 

Resolution No. 58, by James O'Con- 
nell, Stuart Reid and George Warner, 
read as follows: 

Whereas, The International Typogra- 
phical Union in session assembled on 
October 10 at Syracuse, N. Y., did amend 
Article 1, constitution of said Interna- 
tional Typographical Union, by adding as 
follows: "Non-printer machine tenders 
may make application for membership in 
this union, and subordinate unions arc 
hereby empowered to admit such to 
membership irrespective of other laws 
and customs. After said date all nx^.- 
chine tenders shall be members of the 
International Typographical Union. Non- 
printer members shall only be permit- 
ted to work at the particular subdivision 
of the craft at which they were employed 

uigitizea oy vjv^v/^lv^ 




at time of admission, and when issuing 
cards to non-prlnter members the secre- 
taries of subordinate unions shall desig- 
nate that particular subdivision thereon." 
Inasmuch as above amendment to Arti- 
cle 1, Constitution of International Typo- 
graphical Union, is a clear violation of 
one of the fundamental principles of 
the American Federation of Labor, viz.: 
"Preservation of the autonomy of 
trades;" and 

Whereas. Members of the International 
Association of Machinists now employed 
in offices as machinists have been encour- 
aged and are now being invited by the 
International Typographical Union to se- 
cede from the International Association 
of Machinists and become members of 
the International Typographical Union; 

Whereas. The International Typogra- 
phical Union by said legislation is assum- 
ing Jurisdiction of a class of work for- 
eign to the printer, but embraced by the 
machinists; therefore, be it 

Resolved. That it is the sense of the 
delegates of this convention • that all ma- 
chinists in printing offices or wherever 
employed shall be directly under the 
jurisdiction of the International Associa- 
tion of Machinists. 

Delegate Black submitted the follow- 
ing report for the Grievance Commit- 

Your committee, in considering Reso- 
lution No. 58, presented by the represent- 
atives of the Machinists' Union, cannot 
but express regret that it should have 
been Injected Into the proceedings at this 
stage of its history. We fully realize 
that the question is one of exceeding 
delicacy and could only have been satis- 
factorily adjusted by representatives of 
the I. T. U. and I. A. M. without the 
Intervention of a third party. In the 
present instance it comes before us wltht 
out the consent of one of the parties at 
interest, and neither party expresses 
their willingness to accept the decision 
of this convention as final. While It has 
always been the policy of the A. F. of 
L. to discountenance any infringement, of 
the legitimate jurisdiction of an affiliated 
organization, we deem it to be part of the 
work of the A. F. of L. to determine such 
details of jurisdiction as these submitted, 
unless it is constituted arbitrator of the 
disputed point by consent and at the 
wish of both parties. 

It has also been pointed out to your 
committee that the resolution of the 
Syracuse convention of the I. T. U., as 
quoted In Resolution No. 68, will not be- 
come a part of the policy of the I. T. U. 
until the result of the referendum vote 
of that organization, now being taken. Is 

We would, therefore, recommend the 
adoption of the following resolution as a 
substitute for Resolution No. 68: 

That It is the sense of this convention 
that while the result of the vote on the 
proposed constitutional amendment now 
before the membership of the I. T. U., 
remains uncertain, It would be unwise 
and premature for the A. F. of L. to ren- 
der such a decision as the one suggested 
by Resolution No. 68. 

And further, that while the policy of 
the A. P. of L. has always been to up- 
hold an affiliated organization In the 
rightful exercise of Its trade jurisdiction, 
we strongly recommend the I. T. U. and 

the I. A. M. to make still another effort 
to settle the question when the result of 
the vote above mentioned is ascertained, 
either by agreeing to arbitration by an 
impartial tribunal of trades unionists, 
or such other means as may present 

By the adoption of this resolution and 
its acceptance by both parties, we are 
strongly of the opinion that the best in- 
terests of trade unionism will be con- 
served and dangerous and ununlonllke 
friction between two important mem- 
bers of the labor family averted. And 
the committee would further suggest to 
the bodies interested, as a possible solu- 
tion of the difficulty, that the I. T. U. ask 
an expression of its membership upon 
the proposition of inviting the machinists 
employed In printing offices to become 
affiliated with the Allied Printing Trades 

Delegate O'Connell moved to non- 
concur in the committee's report and 
took the floor to defend the resolution 
offered by the machinists. He gave a 
historic account of the whole difficulty 
between the I. A. M. and I. T. U. and 
presented documentary evidence show- 
ing duplicity on the part of the I. T. U. 
in their dealings with the members of 
the I. A. of M. 

Delegate Donnelly of the I. T. U. re- 
plied and attempted to defend the action 
of the I. T. U. He refused to acknowl- 
edge the right of the A. F. of L. to take 
any action, stating that the amendment 
to the I. T. U. constitution relative to 
linotype machinists had been placed be- 
fore the membership of that organiza- 
tion and that they were now votmg on 
it. He did not know how the vote 
would result, and declared the grievance 
of the I. A. of M. imaginary. 

Delegate Reid of the I. A. of M. re- 
plied. He asserted that, although the 
vote of the I. T. U. on the amendment 
relating to linotype machinists had not 
been returned yet, the members of the 
I. T. U. were attempting to intimidate 
members of the I. A. of M. and were 
using unlawful methods to force them 
into the I. T. U. In forcible language 
he repudiated the assertions of Delegate 
Donnelly that the I. T. U. had union- 
ized the linotype machinists, and de- 
clared that hard work on *the part of 
members of the I. A. of M. had raised 
the wages of machinists in printing es- 
tablishments to a high standard. He 
showed that machinists in other estab- 
lishments were receiving wages as high, 
if not higher, than that paid in printing 
offices, and asserted that the machinists 
did not need any assistance from the 
printers. The only thing the I. A. of 
M. required of the I. T. U. was to mind 
its own business and let the machinists 
attend to theirs. 

Delegate O'Rourke of the I. T. U. 
followed and tried to show the incora- 

Digitized by 




petency of the I. A. of M. to control 
the linotypes in New York city. 

Delegate O'Sullivan, also of the I. T. 
U., tried to defend the action of his 

Delegate Warner of the Machinists 
replied, and showed ill faith on the part 
of members of Big 6, I T. U., New 
York, to members of the I. A. of M., 
for which action Big 6 had been ex- 
pelled from New York Central Labor 

Delegate McGuire of the Carpenters 
moved the previous question. 

Delegate O'Connell vigorously pro- 
tested, but was overruled by President 
Gompers, who proceeded to present the 
substitute of grievance committee. 

Delegate Reid demanded a roll call, 
but an insufficient number of delegates 
declaring in favor of it, roll call was 
denied. The substitute of the committee 
was adopted. Delegates Reid and War- 
ner of the machinists demanding to be 
recorded as voting in the negative. 

By reason of a subterfuge on the part 
of the I. T. U., that is, doubt as to 
the result of their referendum vote, they 
made it possible for the I. A. of M. to 
gain only a partial victory. But pre- 
cedents established by the convention 
have placed the linotype machinists 
under the jurisdiction of the I. A. of M. 
The precedent established in the case of 
the Brewers versus the Coopers covers 
the case, as it was submitted to and en- 
dorsed by the executive council and 
then endorsed by the convention. 
The decision is as follows: 
We are of the opinion that where there 
Is sufficient cooperage work for the em- 
ptoyment of a cooper for the fuU time. 
Such persons should^ belong to the Coop- 
er's Union, and where there la Insuffi- 
cient cooperage work, reulrlng such per- 
sons to do other brewery work, they 
shonld be permitted to remain members 
of the Brewery Workmen's Union, we 
arc fully aware that this Is not an en- 
tire solution of the question In dispute, 
hot If a spirit of fairness Is manifested 
on both sides the hope Is entertained that 
the matter will not be difficult of ad- 
justment, ^y^^j^ GOMPERS. 
Executive Council. 

Just as soon as the referendum vote of 
the I. T. U. on this question is known, 
and should it be antagonistic to the 
I. A. of M., we will be in a position to 
handle the matter to our entire satis- 

The officers elected for the following 
year are as follows: 

President, Samuel Gompers. 

First Vice-President, P. J. McGuire. 

Second Vice-President, James Dun- 

Third Vice-President, James O'Con- 

Fourth Vice-President, John Mitchell. 

Fifth Vice-President, Max Morris. 

Sixth Vice-President, T. I. Kidd. 

Treasurer, Lennon. 

Messrs. O'Connell of the Machinists, 
and Mr. Tracy of the Cigarmakers, were 
elected as fraternal delegates to Eng- 
land, and Mr. Sullivan of the Painters 
was elected as delegate to the Canadian 
Congress of Labor. 

On Tuesday morning Bro. Reid was 
compelled to leave the convention and 
proceed to Springfield, Mo., to address 
a mass meetmg under the auspices of 
Springfield Lodge of the I. A. of M. 

Owing to limited time at the disposal 
of the delegates, and on account of the 
Journal gomg to press, our report is 
therefore limited, but will be contmued 
in next month's issue. 

Respectfully submitted, 


Chicago, Dec. 23, 1898. 
Editor Journal : 

Having had to leave the convention 
on Tuesday and proceed to Springfield 
and Sedalia, Mo., to address mass meet- 
ings, I have been unable to prepare 
individual report, but will do so in time 
for February issue of the Journal. 


Another year! 
Out of the mists and darkness of the 

The new year comes, with hope and holy 

The glad bells chime the tidings of the 


'*A year, a year, a golden year Is born!** 
Then all the fleeting shadows fade away, 
And 'mid the old year's twilight, dim and 

I listen to the faithful bells that ring. 
And wish that every heart might wake 

and sing. 

Digitized by 


Welcome 1899. 

A Happy New Year. 

There is trouble still at Denver. 

Don't smoke unless the cigar comes 
from a blue label box. 

Bro. Harry Smith of the G. E. B. is 
doing some good work in Providence, 

It is unfortunate, but existing condi- 
tions contract the bakers, but extend the 
laborer's loaf. 

If you are holding a social, see that 
the label of the printers' union is on the 
cards and programs. 

G. M. M. James O'Connell was cho- 
sen by the A. F. of L. to be one of the 
fraternal delegates to visit England next 

The Socialist Labor party of Belgium 
runs five daily papers, seventeen week- 
lies and one monthly, all paying trade 
union wages. 

Bro. Holmes of Toronto spent the 
last month of the old year in a splendid 
and successful effort in getting his 
brother craftsmen organized. 

A woman somewhere in Maryland has 
been sent to jail for thirtjr days, leaving 
her husband, entirely without support. 
'Tis ever thus; the innocent made to 
suffer with the guilty. 

Warner of New York says that if his 
language does get a little warm at times 
it is on account of the anti-swearing or- 
dinance of his city. He says that this 
law produced so much profanity that it 
had to be rescinded. 

The office of Locomotive Engineer- 
ing, New York, has been entirely de- 
stroyed by fire. It any of our members 
are subscribers will they kindly send in 
their names, addresses and date at which 
their subscription expires, as the mail- 
ing list was lost? 

President Mulholland of the Bicycle 
Workers, went to Toronto, Canada, on 
the sixth of last month and succeeded 
in getting the Gendron Company of 
that city to sign the same agreement 
that was made with the Toledo end 
of the firm, and which is published else- 
where in the Journal's columns. 

It all depends upon our membership 
whether the advertising department of 
the Journal is successful or not. If, 
when they are making purchases, they 
mention the fact that they saw the 
wares they are after advertised in the 
Journal, it will have a good effect and 
show the advertisers that the Journal 
medium is a good one. 

Lodges organized and reorganized 
during the month of December, 1898: 

West Superior Lodge, No. 343, West 
Superior, Wis. Organized Dec. i, 1898, 
with 14 charter members by John P. 
Gardiner, formerly of Lodge No. 197. 
Brainerd, Minn. 

Alexandria Lodge, No. 336, Alexan- 
dria, Va. Organized Dec. 3, 1898, with 
23 charter members by B. G. Ladd, 
local organizer, Washington. D. C. 

Orange State Lodge, No. 40, Fer- 
nandina, Fla. Organized Dec. 20, 1898, 
with 12 charter members by Chas. D. 

Belle City Lodge, No. 437, Racine, 
Wis. Reorganized Dec. 20, 1898, with 
40 charter members by M. A. Poarman. 

After the first part of the Journal was 
printed, the following clipping from the 
Denver (Col.) Daily News of the 17th 
of last month was sent in by Bro. Rus- 
sell I. Wisler, and is self explanatory: 

Laboring classes are highly elated 
over a decision which was rendered yes- 
terday morning in the case of the Davis 
Iron Works Company against the local 
machinists* union, taken to the court of 
appeals. Judge Thomson ruled that the 
court of appeals has no right to grant 
the temporary injunction prayed for by 
the plaintiff company, to the great sat- 
isfaction of Attorney George F. Dun- 
klee, who represents the striking ma- 
chine workers. 

Digitized by 




The court set Jan. 5 as the date 
upon which the appellants are to file 
their brief, and Jan. 15 for the reply of 
the appellees. The case will be tried on 
its merits Jan. 24, 

The strike of the machinists at the F. 
M. Davis Iron Works was the incen- 
tive to a strike of core-makers at the 
same place, yesterday at noon. This 
was done, in the opinion of the Core- 
makers' Union, as a matter of justice to 
the machinists. It was agitated four 
weeks ago, but not until yesterday did 
the union decide to assist the machin- 
ists in their fight. The Coremakers' 
Union notified Mr. W. C. Davis, man- 
ager of the Davis works, yesterday 
morning, that it would call its men out 

unless he acceded to the demands of the 

Mr. Davis made no reply and the 
men quit work. 

This action will force the molders and 
the boilermakers to lay down their 
tools, having pledged sympathy with 
the strikers. There are but fifteen union 
coremakers in the city. Mr. Davis says 
he is not at all disturbed, as it would 
not affect the works in any way. It now 
remains to be seen what the other em- 
ployes of the Davis company intend 
doing. If they should strike, it would 
necessitate the closing of the works, un- 
less non-union men were employed, and 
skilled labor in this respect is difficult to 
be found outside the union ranks. 


ToLBDO, Ohio, Dec. 15, 1898. 

At a regular meeting of the Toledo I/>dge, No. 105, 1. A. of M.,the following resolutions were 

Whxrbas. It has pleased the Almighty, in His infinite wisdom, to remove from our midst 
Brother Frank C Komkey, therefore be it 

Raoived^ That the members of this lodge deeply deploi« his taking away, and that we tender to 
liii bereaved mother and sisters our sincere sympathy in their sorrow and affliction ; and be it 

Resolved, That our charter be draped for thirty days, and a copy of these resolutions be sent to 
mother and sister of deceased, a copy to our Jouait al for publication, and a copy be placed on our 

Tbob. Blair, 
Ed. Vick, 
H. Armor. 

Chicago, Dec. 14, 1898. 

At a special meeting of Bellamy I«odge, No. 208, I. A. of M., the following resolutions were 

Wbbrkas, It has pleased Almighty God, the Supreme Ruler of the Universe, to take from among 
» oar beloved brother, Charles Moran, therefore be it 

Raolved^ That we extend to the bereaved family our heartfelt sympathy ; and be it further 
Resolved^ That a copy of these resolutions be sent to his fiimily, and also to the Monthly Jour- 
HAL ; and be it further 

Resolved^ That we drape our charter for thirty days. A. P. Buissoiio, 

R. H. Wravbr, 
J. Bock, 


Digitized by 




J^Ariides under this headinsr mutt be read by Local SecreUries at first meeting 
of their LoaJBres after the date of publication. 

The MoBthlv JonnuU is published at Chicago, 
111., each month, and is owned by the IxrrBaNA- 


it is the official organ. Terms |i.oo per year in 

RsnlttaBcas for subscriptions should be made 
pajrable to George Preston, Grand Secretary- 
Treasurer I. A. or M., oso Monon Block. 

When ctaaoM of iiddress is desired, the old 
address as well as the new one must be given. 

The cross X mark on your Journal indicates 
that your subscription has expired. 

Por ■dvertlsing space, rates, etc., address W. 
M . Gates, ag Budld avenue, Cleveland, Ohio. 

All artlciss for publication should be addressed 
to the editor. 

Proposed amendments to the consti- 
tution submitted by Bellamy Lodge No. 
208 of Chicago, 111.: 


Sec. 1. Change the numbers of Sec. 5 
and 6. Art. Ill, to Sec. 7 and 8, Art. Ill; 
replace Sees. 1, 2, 3, and 4, Art. III. by 
the following six sections to be known 
as Sec. 1. 2, 3, 4. 6, and 6, Art. III. 


Sec. 2. The officers of the grand lodge 
shall consist of a grand master machin- 
ist, who shall be chief organizer; a grand 
foreman, who shall be editor; a grand 
secretary-treasurer, and an executive 
board, which shall consist of Ave (5) 
members, no two of whom shall be 
elected from any one district, and who 
must be working at the trade or a sal- 
aried officer whose time is fully occupied 
for the association, except in case where 
a member has been discriminated 

Sec. 3. Any member in good standing 
shall be eligible to any office in the 
grand lodge. 

Sec. 4. The appropriation or disposi- 
tion of all or any of the funds of this 
grand lodge shall be by roll call and 
open vote, as follows: On the name of 
each delegate being called, he shall arise 
in his place and vote yea or nay aloud as 
the case may be. 

The vote thus taken shall be recorded 
by the grand secretary-treasurer when a 
roll call vote is demanded, otherwise a 
viva voce vote shall be deemed suffi- 
cient, said vote to be recorded. Any one 
delegate has the right to demand a roll 

Sec. &. It shall be the duty of the 
general executive board to divide ail 
local lodges under the Jurisdiction of the 
grand lodge Into no less than twelve (12) 
districts or more than twenty-flve (25) 
election districts, said districts to be as 
compact geographically as possible, and 
to contain as near as possible the same 

number of lodges. And it shall revise the 
election districts every two years there- 
after and the revision printed in the 
Journal (3) three months prior to the 
call of nominations. 

The election of grand lodge officers 
shall proceed as follows: *'All local 
lodges in each election district at the 
first regular meeting in January, con- 
vention year, of which meeting and Its 
purposes each member in good standing 
shall have at least eight days' notice; 
shall nominate by ballot four (4) resident 
members, one for the office of grand 
master machinist; one for grand foreman 
and editor; one for grand secretary-treas- 
urer, and one for general executive board. 
All nominations to be mailed to grand 
secretary-treasurer and must reach head- 
quarters not later than Jan. 25. Any 
and all nominations received by the 
grand secretary-treasurer after that date 
to be cancelled by him and returned to 
the lodge from whence they came. 

Sec. 6. It shall be the duty of the 
grand secretary-treasurer to canvass all 
nominations received from each separate 
district, and in case no four (4) candi- 
dates in any one district receive a ma- 
jority of all votes cast for the respective 
offices for which they were nominated, 
grand secretary-treasurer shall announce 
the result back to said election district, 
dropping all names but the three highest, 
or four if there be a tie for third place. 
They to be balloted for again at the next 
regular meeting, said meeting to be called 
according to instructions in Section 5, 
Article III (eight days' notice). The first 
ballot with circulars on which to record 
the result of the second ballot must be 
mailed by the grand secretary-treasurer 
to all lodges on or before February 6 
following the date quoted in Section 6. 
Article III. and must be returned to the 
grand secretary-treasurer not later than 
February 20 to be canvassed and re-dis- 
Iributed by him to the order at large in 
circular form containing the names of all 
nominees, with blank spaces for ballots, 
on or before March 1. Each lodge to bal- 
lot thereon at its regular meeting (a 
called meeting) after the receipt of the 
same. The result must reach head- 
quarters on or before March 20 to be 
included in the first Jurisdiction count. 

The five nominees for the general execu- 
tive board receiving the highest number 
of votes on the first ballot of the regular 
election shall be declared elected. 

If any nominee for any grrand lodge 
office receives a majority of all votes cas.t 
for said office he shall be declared elect- 
ed. All ballots to reach headquarters not 
later than April 1. 

If none have a majority all shall be 
dropped but the three highest for each 
office, or four if a third place is tied. 

The second ballot shall be mailed by 
the grand secretary-treasurer not later 

uigiiizea by 




than April 10» to be balloted on at the 
first meetinsT after received (a called 
]ne«tiiix). • 

All returns to be in the grand secre* 
tary-treasurer's hands on or before May 
10 to be counted by him and issued in 
circular form, one copy to each local 
lodge, on or before May 16. 

The foregoing amendments shall be 
conducted by the grand secretary-treas- 
urer and local secretaries according to 
SecUons 7. 8, 9. 10 and 11 of Article I. 

The above proposed amendments 
have been endorsed by the following 
lodges: Nos. 55, 106, 134, 187, 195, 245 
and 304, 

Brothers traveling throngh Oklohama 
Territory will do well to stay away from 
the C , O. & G. R. R. shops. Rednciog 

We are informed the same conditions 
prevail in Abbeville, S. C. Give these 
places m wide berth. 

The fight is still on at the P. M. Davis 
Company,. Denver, Colo. The Execntive 
Board has voted to continue benefits as 
long as Na 47 is willing to carry on the 
fight The firm is still trying to import 
competent help. See that the matter is 
folly advertised in yonr district 

F. J. Meyer, of No. 31, wants to hear 
from P. B. Roberts. 

The Grand Lodge would like to learn 
the whereabouts of Chas. Payne, No. 
19338, last a member of No. 225. 

Knoxville, No. 58, wants information 
regarding H. T. Blocker. 

Bridgeport, No. 30, would like to hear 
from J. E. Makley, 23640, Prank Dunn, 
23641, J. L. Ryan, 25425. 

No. 168, Livingstone, Mont, would 
like to hear from Jas. Scullen. 

J. A. Howard, Fritz Kasch and T. R. 
McLeod will please communicate with 
Memphis, No. 14. 

If this should meet the eye of Geo. 
Sidney Griswold, of Marshalltown, Iowa, 
will he please communicate with his 
mother. His wife is dead. 

Wm. M. Williams (37012), of No. 401, 
has been expelled for working below the 
scale, after repeated efforts were made 
to influence him to desist. 

Thos. Platts has been expelled from 
No. 41, of St Louis, for conduct unbe- 
coming a member. 

Tony Wiedmer, card 25559, has been 
expelled by Lodf^e No. 317 for failing to 
live up to his obligation. 

Result of referendum vote for delegates to American Federation of Labor Convention last month : 





























































1 109 









































loa. .. 


134. •• 


















233 •• 
243. ., 
















362 .. 







































































315 •• 






























Closed pec. ist, xo a. m. Total, 4,869. 

Digitized by 





PiKAKCiAL Statbmbnt, Montb Bhdimo November 30, 1898. 









25 •? 





1 a3 00 


















13. 00 



10 00 





























4 50 


a. 10 


2 50 






4 00 




as 38 



11. as 









































10 50 






35 35 


13. 60 







30. 10 


36. 00 












50. as 




II. as 












41. as 


























11 50 
























3a. 15 


























Bllscellaneoiis RecelpU— 


** IndiTidual dues 

Grand Lodge re-instatements. 
Pin sales 



Office rent I 50. 

Postal Telegraph Co 4. 

Western Union 6. 

Telephone (3 months) 5. 

Writing machine repairs a . 

Qngraving emblems i. 

Office towels 1 


Postage for the month 44. 

Bxpress bills for the month 10. 

A. P. of L. tax 100. 

Mrs. T. W. Talbot ao. 

Mrs. Hall 50 

Miss Goedke 35 

Jas. O'Connell 163. 

Geo. Preston 83 

General Executive Board— 

P.J. Conlon I 4 

H.Smith 30. 

D.D.Wilson no 

Denver, No. 47 (P. M.Davis Co.)| 334 

Cincinnati (Bullock) iia 

Buffalo, No. 345. (Buffalo Forge 

Co.) 19 

Al Marrow. No. 307, victimised 30 

B.A.Gregg 30 

Special Organisers— 

Geo. G. Cameron $ 13 

Stuart Reid 150 

John C. Daglish 13 

A.W.Holmes 5© 

|2,6i3 45 

20. 50 
$2,745 45 


I 578.30 




I 526.45 



$ 336.86 

S. D. Childs & Co. 

I 1.50 

Hollister Brothers 
1,000 letter heads, G. P. and Bd.| 4 00 

Stamp receipts 3.50 

Circular No. 26 4 . 25 

Circular, voting blanks a 35 

I 14.00 


November Issue $431 .35 

Japan letter (two months) 3.00 

Chicago post-office 31.31 

Waskow. Hull & Co.,engraving 3 . 50 

D. D. Wilson 120.00 

I 578.06 

Dues Transfers- 
Charge No. 1 to No. 174 I 

■ *■ " " •■ !S?:::::: 

' Ind. dues 
' No. 333 
' •• 233 

: :: 'i^ 

* Ind. dues 

* No. 406 

•* 402 
" 233 







1 50 


2 75 

I 15 05 


|3.o8s 08 


Balance on hand Nov. i, 1898 $4,452.81 

Receipts for the month 3,745 45 

ToUl 17,198.36 

Disbursements 2,085.08 

Balance on hand Dec. i, 1898 I5ai3.i8 

uigiiizea by' 





No. of 







No. of 






No. of 







No. of 





















171 .. 















































240^0.. . 






25001 . . . 







7489.. . 



















364.. . 



































JB319 ... 
























G. L. 
































G. L. 






















G. L. 





G. L. 





G. L. 



^ 57 











G. L. 































a(^3o8.. . 








G. L. 












































39004. .. 

G. L. 









1 3W 









The tin anc| sheet iron workers and 
the cornice and skylight makers of New 
York City have amalgamated and will 
be known as the Amalgamated Sheet 
Metal Workers* Union. 

Colorado plumbers, in session at 
Colorado Springs, asked for the resig- 
nation of the national president and 
secretary-treasurer, claiming that the 
good of the organization required it. 

There is a movement under way in 
Italy to secure the release of all po- 
litical prisoners. Town councils of Mi- 
lan, Naples, Florence, and other places, 
have passed resolutions to that eflfect. 

The strike in the furniture trade in 
Scotland has entered upon its eighth 
month, without any apparent sign of a 
speedy settlement. The employers have 
issued an appeal to the employers in 
Scotland, requestine them not to give 

work to the strikers, and thus force 
them to accept the bosses* terms. 

China is adopting American methods 
in dealing with strikers. Recently 
some workers in the building trades iii 
Pekin struck for an increase of wages. 
The bosses caused the arrest of the 
strikers, the leaders of whom were be- 
headed, and the others transported for 
life to the fever and malarial districts. 

The A. F. of L. has placed the Carl 
Uppman Company, New York, manu- 
facturers of cigars; A. V. Haight, 
Poughkeepsie, N. Y., publishers; and S. 
A. Weller Potter Company, Zanesville. 
O.J on unfair list. Boycott was lifted 
on American Brewery Company, St. 
Louis; Erie Basin Dry Dock, Brooklyn, 
N. Y.; Harrington & Ouelette Cigar 
Company^ Detroit; Cluett, Coon & Co., 
collar, cuflf and shirt manufacturers, 
Troy, N. Y. 

Digitized by 





JA8. O'CONNKIX, G. M.H.» Room 950 Monon 

D. DOUOUkS WILSON, G. P. and Bditor 
JouftMAL, Room 950 IConoa Block, Chicago^ III. 

OBO. PRB8TON, G. 8.-T., Room 950 Monon 
Block, Chiaigo, m. 


HUGH DORAN. 387 Pulton St., Chlcnffo. 111. 
P. T. CONLON. iao7 nth St.. Sioux City, lowm. 

A. W. HOLBCB8, 99 Northcote Ave., Toronto, 

STUART REID, 9So Monon Bldg., Chicago, 

RBNRY SMITH, 173 Willis Ave, New York 


John Beaton, io6a W. 13th St., Chicago. IlL 
DaTid Bo^ 3M High St. Baat, Detroit, Mich. 
R. I. Wialer, Room 16, Club Bldg.. Denver. Colo. 
O. G. Cameron, 90a B. 138th St., New York. 
W. H. Hawkins. 179 W. 4th St.. Winona. Minn. 

B. G. Ladd, 49 B St. S. S.. Washington, D. C. 

C. J. Strine. 43S W. Princess St.. York. Pa. 
ArUiur Holder, 1214 loth St., Sioux City, Iowa. 
G. V. Moore, 308 VaUey St.. Providence, R. I. 
W. H. Milford, BalUmoie. Md. 

John Shotlln. 99 BeUevUle Ave., Newark, N. J. 

wm. Rebbing, 14 N. Pourth St., St. Ixmis. 

Prank Holmes, ^38 S. Uberty St., Blgin, Ul. 

P. A. Symonds, 40a B. Perguson St., Tyler, Tex. 

Pred Waller, 55s S. Ionia St., Grand Rapids, 

Christ Seifreat. 540 Main St., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Wm. Reader, as Poplar St., Reading, Pa. 

H. J. Neibanm, BlUott Borough P. O., Alle- 
gheny Co., Pa. 

John C. Daglish, 386 Pnlton St., BnffiOo, N. Y. 

P. C Becker, aazo S. BarUett St., St. Joseph. 

John H. Brown, 517 W. Pirst St.. Blmira. N. Y. 

Wm. T. Doran, ai Phelps St., Cleveland, Ohio. 

Wm. Welch, 601 W. Girard Ave., Philadelphia, 

Wm. A. Jennings, 633 B. sth St., Wilmington, 

Wm. B. Rich. 1357 W. isth St., Des Moines, Iowa. 

Alfred O'NeUl. Oaleton, Pa. 

C. C Parish. 3x1 8. 4th St., Brooklyn. N. Y. 

John Hall, 3041 California St.. Omaha. Neb. 

Jas. P. Roberts, 58 Brookside St., Jamaica Plain, 
Boston, Mass. 


3. Richmond and Danville System— P. J. 
Leach, la HiU St.. AtlanU. Ga. 

8. Chicago Local Lodges— W. C. Stears, 9431 
Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, 111. Meeta second 
Sunday of each month in Masonic Temple. 

11. B. & O. System— J. W. Beehler. Garrett, 

12. 8. P. System— H. M. Landes. 6x5 nth St., 
Sacramento, Cal. 

18. J. B. Davia, Box a4, Pt. GraUot, Mich. 

14. C. & N. W. System— W. C Anderson, £130 
Ninth Ave., Clinton. Iowa. 

1 6. New York City and Vicinity— Chas. G. Pan- 
horst, a4a B* )i3d St.; business sgent. George H. 
Warner, 91 Center St., New York Ci^. 

1 7. Boston and Yidnitjr— John T. Kelley, 76 
Camden St., Boston, Mass. 

18. PitUbnrg and Vidnity-Hetbert Home, 
a6 Market St., Allegheny City, Pa. 

81. Norfolk & Western— J. U. Pattison, 301 
Third Ave., N. B., Roanoke, Va. 

22. Connecticut— Charles Bastop. aS Arch St.. 
Ap- • ^ 


1 . Atlanta— A. H. Cooper. 343 Sunset Ave.; H. 
P. Garrett, 310 Highland Ave., Atlanta, Ga. 

8. AugusU — D. P. O'Connell, 811 Sth St.; 
Prank A. Vo|;el,8th and Bills Ave., Augusta. 0«. 
Meets seconoand fourth Thursdar nights in Red 
Men's Hsll, Library Building, cor. Broadway and 
Jackson Sts. 

4. Mobile— C. W. Rhinehart, 364 S. Lawrence 
St., Mobile, Ala. Meets first and third Pridays 
at 7.30 p. m.. in I. O. O. P. Hall, cor. St. Michael 
and Royal Sts. 

8. Lone Star— A. O. Jennings, 351X Ave. M; B. 
B. BUiott, 3814 Ave. K. MeeU first and third Pri- 
day nights, Galveston, Tex. 

7. PideUty— Walter Stone. 830 S. xsth St.; J. T. 
Williams, 70a 8. asth St. MeeU first and third 
Wednesday nights, at Pbz Building, cor. Pourth 
Ave. and Z9th St, Birmingham, Ala. 

8. Central City— G. V. Wagner, 1514 ad St., 
Macon. Ga.; G. P. Bills, aio 6th Ave., 8. Macon. 
Ga. Meets nrst and third Saturday nights at K. 
of P. Hall, Mulberry St., bet ist and ad, Macon, 

8. MarshaU— Albert B. Young, ao6 Park Ave. 
MeeU every third Saturday night at Odd Pel- 
lows' HaU, MarshaU. Tex. 

1 0. Richmond— T. S.NeiSler. 33 W. 9th St.,Man- 
Chester, Vs.; J. W. Parker, 707 B. Leigh St. 
MeeU every second and fourth Monday night ia 
WUkinson Hall, Richmond Va. 

12. Houston— G. C. MerHtt. H. & T. C Shops; 
Wm. Bonats. 34 Jackson St, Houston, Tex. 
MeeU first and third Wednesday nighU at Labor 

18. Pike's Peak— John McGregor, 318 Court 
St., Pueblo, Colo. MeeU second and fourth 
Monday nighU at City Hall. 

14. Memphis— N. S. Dodgson. 541 Shelby St.: 
Wm. Barp. 336 Linden St MeeU first and third 
Tuesdays, Union Labor Hall, 235 Second St., Mem- 
phis, Tenn. 

1 7. Deer Lake— J. B. Hefferman, 737 N. Camp- 
bell St; P. N. Pitch. Sao Calhoun St., Springfield, 
Mo. MeeU second and fourth Tuesdays, at Har- 
mony Hall, 31S Boonville St 

18. Mississippi Valley — J. W. Prench, 307 
Harrison St.; D. P. Kennedy. 510 W. South St. 
MeeU first and third Monday nighU, Vicksburg, 

18. St. Louis Linotype— Herman A. Noort- 
wick. 38a2 Lee Ave.; J. B. Lowden, Manhatten 
Hotel. i8th and Olive SU., St. Louis, Mo. 

21. Galeton-A. J. O'Neil, Box as8, Galeton. 
Potter Co., Pa. 

26. Gate City — P. P. Hotchkiss. 714 Munson 
St.; M. M. Hotchkiss, 516 W. Munson St. MeeU 
second and fourth Monday nighU, Denison, Tex. 

27. Union— Pred D. Knipper, 930 Ohio Ave.: 
W. W. Bostwick, 1606 Grove St. MeeU first and 
third Thursday nighU, Kansas dty, Kan. 

28. nUnois— J. W. Steele. 1183 Sheflleld Ave.; 
Henry Boddiker, i74oWrightwood Ave., Chicago. 

28. Horton— Geo. McClintock, Box 504, Hor« 
ton, Kan. MeeU second and fourth Monday 

30. Bridgeport — Peter Dahlgard. a84 Maple 
St.: P. O. address, I. A. of M. Box 407; Prank N. 
Gibbs, 346 Broad St. MeeU second and fourth 
Priday in Bmmet Hall, 40 SUte St., Bridgeport. 

31. Omaha — T. J. Myers. Lock Box 70a: 
Robt. Richelieu, 176a S. 9th St. MeeU second and 
fourth Pridays. Labor Temple, N. B. comer 17th 
and Douglas SU.. Omaha. Neb. 

34. Kenosha— J. N. Reynolds. 351 Middle St.,; 
M. Cheney, 953 Prairie Ave.. Kenosha, Wis. 

38. Alamo City— R. J. Wiseman. 115 Aransos 
St., San Antonio, Tex. MeeU first and third 
Thursday nighU. 

uigiiizea by 




37. CrcMent City— P. McBride. 76 Valence St., 
Ifew0rteftii8,l«a. Meets first and third 8atiir<Uy 

38. Frendi— P. P. Psrker. isTGirard St.. T. R. 
McDoagall, Palestine. Tex. 

38. Tamarack— Henry Sberle, Oarrett, Ind. 

48. Oraai:e State— Chas. D. Kinney, Peman- 
dina, Pla. 

41. Pr ogr essi ve— H. I^ Salisbury. 938 N. 14th 
St.; J. 8. IJemon. aii8 Locust St. Meets every 
Monday at 14 N. 4tli St.. St. I^ouis. Mo. 

42. Dalla»-P. M. Nash, aoi Willow St. ; Walter 
B. But. Box 244. Dallas, Tex. 

44. Advance — James M. McDougall, 1731 
Uorel St; C. P. Petner. 1393 Richmond St. 
MecU first and third WeduMdays. at Palmetto 

48. Sinclair — C. C. Bishop. 308 Bsst BerU 
atn Tyler, Tex. Meets fint and third Saturday 

47. Denver— C P. Ryer, 5x4 aist Ave.; Rsy 
P. Shank. 738 S. xoth St. MeeU Priday at Hall. 
1449 1«arimer St. Denver. Colo. 

80. Manistee— B. N. Wrist. 333 Second St.; W. 
▲. Kichols. 347 Third St.. Manistee. Mich. 

81. Cotton Belt — Wm. Taylor. 606 Texas St.; 
Wb. a. Warrincton, 307 Charles St.. Pine Blull. 
Ark. Meets alternate ist and 3d Mondajrs in K. 
of P. Hall, cor. Main and Second Aves. 

82. PlttSbunr— Harry J. Niebaum. BUlott Bor- 
osgh P. O.. Anegheny Co., Pa.. Thos. Neasham. 
Geneva St. MeeU Saturday nights at %\% Plflh 
Ave., Commercial Gasette building. Pittsburg, 

84. Bureka— Sd Hagenbuck. 1725 Speare St; 
Wm. Keilim. Panhandle shops, togansport, Ind. 
Meets second and fourth Thursday nights. 

88. BDckeye— J. B. Poster, 877 B. Livingston 
Ave.; T. W. McCnrdy, S4 N. Princeton Ave. Meets 
Mcoad and fourth Wednesdajrsat Trades Assem- 
bly Hall« W. Broad St. Columbus. O. 

88. Chlckamauga— Will O. Jones, cor. Gilles- 
pie and Sim Sts.: (X P. Bailey. 114^ Mont g omer y 
Ave. Meets first and third Mondajrs in Bngf- 
Bcers' Hall. Chattanooga, Tenn. 

87. Lalayette— P. B. Thatcher. 400 Moulton St, 
Moberty. Mo. MeeU first and third Mondays, 
Odd Pdtows' HaU. 

88. HillCity— wm Hall. Jr., Box 335; W. R. 
Ryno, P. O. 80x335, Knoxvllle.Tenn. MeeU sec- 
oed and fourth Fridays at Prench & RoberU' 
BId'g. opposite Union Depot 

88. Temple— Pred L. Moore, 302 W. Barton St., 
Temple, Tex. 

80. Terrace —J. S. Gledhill, 154 Buena Vista 
8t,Tonkers, N. V. 

81. Water Valley— W. L. Waldron, Water Val- 
ley. Miss. 

83. WUUmette — Mr. Reeves, Russel St., 

SUtionB; Prank Tver. 807 Bortwick St. Meets 
first and third Wednesdsys over TivoH Hall, 
Itrtlsnd, Ore. 

84. Haanibal— T. A. Hurley, 4^9 Ponrth St.; 
Alpha Kensron, 407 Pifth St, Hannibal, Mo. 

88. GcrmanU— Joseph Weigand,5ii Oliver St.; 
Wm. Kaiser, xoi6SUte Ave.. Cincinnati, O. 

88. Badger— Alfired Anderson. 319 Hanover St.; 
Vb. Bardan, a$i PirstAve. MeeU second and 
fourth Thursdays at Pranklin Hall, 9a4>aa6 Grand 
Ave., MHwankee, Wis. 

88. San Francisco— Jas. BCaffinnis, 424A Page 
St; Chas. W. Mesrer. 9'4H Plorida St., San Pran- 
dsco. Cat MeeU first and third Wednesday 
aights, at Alcasar Bldg.. 114 W. O'ParreU St 

70. Prlendship— A. T. MUler, 169 B. Washing- 
ton 8t; Frank Sailbn. 103 Madison St. MeeU every 
Tuesday evening at MachinisU' Hall, third floor, 
138 Calhoun St., Port Wayne, Ind. 

71. Scdalia-J. J. Knoepple, laoo B. Third St.. 
' -" .Mo. 

72. Forked Deer— Henry Baumgartner. B0XX04: 
Chas. Gerald. P. O. Box 104. MeeU first and thini 
Tuesday nignU, Jackson, Tenn. 

76. Port Worth— A. J. Conrad, 315 Cooper St.; 
Jack Bissett. 409 Missouri Ave., Port Worth, Tex. 

78. Johnstown — Robt. Binghsm, rear of 119 
Locust St; Pred Tate, 538 Coleman Ave., Johns- 
town, Pa. 

79. Hope— W. A. Bane, 8ta 9th Ave. South: 
W. A. Smith, 230X 6th Ave. MeeU first and third 
Mondays at A. O. N. Hall, Room sax. Pioneer 
Block. S^tle, Wash. 

80. Licking— Jas. Alspach, X05 N. Buena Vista 
St.; Chas. DeardorfT, 87 S. istSt, Newark, O. 

82. Detroit— P. J. Lebeck, 767 Howard St.; H. 
Vaughn, 939 3d St. Meets Tuesdsy nighU at 
Trades Council HaU. Detroit, Mich. 

83. Cuyahoga — H. P. Rueter. aoaLawn St.; 
Chas. Gressler, 81 Msson St. MeeU Thursdays 
at Arch Hall, 393 OnUrio St., Cleveland, O. 

84. Knox — John W. Sleeman, a Walnut St.; 
Harry Pamell, ao6 N. Norton St., Mt Vernon. O. 

86. St Louis— Alexander R. Marshall. 3906 
. Vista Ave.; A. A. Horn. 34x5 Cass Ave. MeeU 

every Priday night at X4 N. Fourth St., St. Louis, 

87. New Haven — Frank I. Kimball, 94 Frank 
St.; Bd. J. Greene, 59 Mechanic St., New Haven, 

88. Butte City— Chas. MaUett, Box 336; W. J. 
Oswald, 487 B. Park St, ButU. Mont. 

89. Cheyenne — Rudolph Wiedmer, Box 3043; 
Henry G. Wicks, 114 B. 17th St, Cheyenne. Wyo. 

91. Rocky Mountain- D. Mclnnes, Box 336. 
Anaconda, Mont MeeU second and fourth 
Thursdays of each month. 

92. Kansas City— J. A. Hntcheson, 1813 B. 
Sixteenth St., Kansss City, Mo. 

96. Centra] City— A. McQuillan. 1x3 Ten Byck 
St.; C. P. Spreen, ais Pringle Ave., Jackson, Mich. 

96. Industrial— A. D. Barrett, 11x3 Prairie Ave.; 
M. Thode, 157 Charleston St., Mattoon, HI. 

97. Hope — Robt J. Boyle. MeeU fint and 
third Tuesdays at Odd Fellows' HaU, Raton. 
N. M. 

98. Wolverine— Wm. H. Gibbs, 207 McCormick 
St.: John Noonan, 300 PiUhugh St., Bay City, 

99. Clinton— Wm. K. Schuyler, xi Smith St^ 
Newburgh, N. Y.; J. W. Christie, 49 Henry St. 
MeeU at New Labor Bldg, Ann St., every second 
and fourth Fridays of the month, Newburgh, 

101. Brie-P. C Schurs, 805 W. 4th St.; W. 
C. Muns. a83X Pine St. MeeU first and third 
Thursday evenings in Labor Lyceum, cor. sth 
and SUte SU., Brie, Pa. 

1 02. Tacoma— Chas. Marks, 5633 Birmingham 
St., S.Tacoma, Wash. 

103. Pioneer — Albert Klophel, Box xos; J. 
Richards, P. O. Box as6, Stratibrd, Ontario, Can. 

106. Toledo — Alfred Kruse, S44 Wauseon St.; 
WiU C. Murphy, 3348 Rosewood Ave. MeeU Fri- 
day evenings at 3ao St. Clair St., Toledo, O. 

106. Salt Lake City-B. J. HaU, 644 W. South 
Temple St.; Wm. H. HuU, X36 S. 3d West St.. Salt 
Lake City, Utah. 

108. Shelby— Henry J. BoUler. Shelby, O., Box 
858. MeeU first and third Mondays of each 
month, Shelby, Ohio. 

109. Capital dty—W. G. Notingham, ^ai W. 
Lane St, Raleigh, N. C MeeUlrst and third 
Saturdays of eacn month. 

1 1 0. Biectric dty— T. T. PUnagan, 17x0 S. loth 
St.: Bert Chapman, 31x7 8. X3th St MeeU second 
and fourth Mondays at comer Tenth and Pacific 
SU.. St. Joseph, Mo. 

Digitized by 



machinists: monthly journal: 

111. The Victoria— Pred Roberge, 219 St. Timo- 
tliieSt.; J. B. King, 170 Iberville St.. Montreal.Can 

1 12. St Paul— Wm. Powlet. Saj Jtmo St.; J. 
Uts, 819 Jiino St. Meets second and fourth Mon- 
days at Odd Fellows' HaU, sth and Wabasha 8U. , 
St. Paul, Minn. 

113. Oil dty — Oscar W. Baker, ao8 Blm 
8L : Andrew J. Black. 106 Clarion St. Meets Sat- 
urdays 8 p. m., at Pythian Temple, Oil City Sav- 
ings Bank Block, corner Center and Blm SU.. 
Oil dty, Pa. 

114. Cooper— Chas. I«. Huz, 708Ungle Ave.: 
J. Dedgler, ai3 Saginaw St. MeeU second and 
fourth Fridays, cor. Washington and Main Sts., 
Owosso, Mich. 

116. I4ma-C. W. Brookhart, 915 S. BUaabeth 
St.; Geo. KeUermeir, S73 B. Bllem St. MecU first 
and third Friday niyghts each month in 
Oasette Block, Trades Council Hall, I«ima, O. 

117. Oratiot— John R. Brown, 601 Lakeview 
Ave. Meets first and third Thursdays of each 
month in the B. of I«. B. Hall. Gratiot Ave., N. 
Port Huron. Mich. 

118. Barberton— J. Sohner. Box 108; Chas. A. 
Teeple. Box 176. MeeU every Monday night, Bar- 
berton. Summit Co., Ohio. 

122. WinnipMr— R.A.Pyne.a66Patrick8t.: A. 
J. Thirtle, 421 togan St.. Winnipeg, Manitoba, 
Can. Meets first and third Tuesdays, at Sher- 
wood Hall, Main St. 

123. Ptain City — P. C. Alvey, P. O. Box 434; 
Thomas Scopes, 1217 Jackson St. Meets Fri- 
days. Roger's Hall, Paducah. Ky. 

124. Stone dty— F.W. Bgger, 905 Cass St.: 
J. P. Mitchell, S04 De Kalb St. Meets second 
and fourth Thursday nighU, Trades and Labor 

126. I^atonia, Covington, Ky.— Jas. M. Hunt, 
IDS B. Bush St., Covington, Ky. 

126. Progressive of Chicago— Wm. D. Loner- 
gan, 339 Rush St.; O. C. Patterson, 3726 Shields 
Ave. Meets second and fourth Saturdays. Room 
309 Masonic Temple, Chicago. 

127. Ogden— F. G. Cropper, 3150 Washington 
Ave.; F. WelUnger, 148 aia St. MeeU first and 
third Tuesday nighU, Ogden. UUh. 

128. Prosperity-Frank KUU, 90S0 Superior 
Ave.; John B. Job, 10625 Avenue J, South Chica- 
go, nt MeeU first and third Tuesdays at Tins- 
ley Han, Commercial Ave., between 92d and 93d 

131. Rio Grande— Chas. Donahue, 413 Baca 
Ave., Albuquerque, N. M. 

133. Winona — W. A. Snyder, 150 W. Fourth 
St. ; Geo. Fitsgerald, 561 W. 5th St., Winona, 

134. Unity— S. T. Ingram, 31 Birch St.; N. K. 
Thompson, 236 W. Congress St. MeeU second 
and fourth Monday nights at 183 W. 

. Madison 

St., over Woolf 8 store, Chicago. 

136. Iron Mountain— 1«. C. Shute. Box 257: JM. 
A. F. Leis. MeeU first and third Wednesdays at 
Masonic Hall. De Soto, Mo. 

136. Piedmont ->C. M.Wood; B. C. Gaines. 
Salisbury. N. C. Meets second and fourth 
Thuxaday nighu at Royal Arcanum Hall, cor. 
Main and Industrial SU. 

137. Old Dominion— Walter J. Herrmann, 
3609 Lafayette Ave.; Jas. a Flynn, Box 387. 
Ii^^v«ry Tuesday night, Reisfield's kail, 
Washington Ave., between 26th and 27th SU., 
Newport News, Va. 

138. Lowell— Jas. B. Buchanan, 41 Swift St.; 
Robert H.Owen. 244 W.Manchester St. MeeU first 
and third Tuesdays at 8 p. m., in Building Labor- 
ers' BaU, 32 Middle St.. LoweU. Mass. 

140. J. B. Stephena-S. W. Fryer, 7x6 Bush St., 
Bast Portland, Ore. 

142. Salem— Hugh J.White; P. L. Paylor Lock 
Box 32; Salem, Va. MeeU second and fourth Fri- 
day nighU in Odd Fellows' Hall. 

143. Tucson — M. C. Brown, Boxs^,TncMa, 
A. T. 

147. Rhode Island— Jos. P. Morrissey. 361 
Wickenden St.; SUnley M. Horsefield. 66 Cand- 
ace St. Meets second and fourth Tuesdays at 98 
Weybossett St.. Browning-King & Ca Bldg., 
Providence, R. I. 

148. Springfield-C. K. Riser, 393 W. High 
St.; P. J. Flaherty, 112 B. Washington St., Spring- 
field, Ohio. MeeU Thursdays in Trades and 
Labor Assembly Hall. 

160. Invincible— Thomas P. Annan, 16 Wes- 
ley St.; M. G. Kenyon, 53 MarshaU St. MecU 
every second and fourth Thursday nigfaU at 
Royal Arcanum Hall, Huntington, Ind. 

161. Lake Superior— Al Lyona, 2723 West St., 
Dnluth, Minn. 

162. Queen and Crescent— Percy Marcroft, 
Ludlow, Ky.; Will B. Pye, jsaf »«««» 8»m Cjj. 
ington, Ky. MeeU first and third Tuesdaya. Odd 
Fdlows' Hall, Ludlow, Ky. 

163. Bmpire— O. Bmest Harria, soWriffht St.; 
C. A. KilU, 14 Washington St., Auburn, N. T. 

164. t^lendale— B. T. Kleim, Banner Office; 
W. J. Vartey. 3x5 Josephine St.. NashvlUe.Tenn. 
MeeU second and fourth Tuesdaya of each month. 

166. Bicycle Lathe Operators— H. Brooks, 662 
Forrer St.; Albert B. Good, 1605 Norwood Av*. 
Toledo, O. 

1 66. Queen dty— Dell H. Heron, 25 N. Market 
St.; John CroxaU, 24 B. Blm St. MecU firrt and 
third Tuesdaya at Royal Templars* Hall, Titna- 
viUe, Pa. 

167. Springfield— O. A. Garber, 2x5 N. SUte 
St.; W. H. Hawkins, 723 S. 9th St., Springfield, 


169. PhUadelphU— Wm. B. ChurchiU. 2S37 N. 
x6th St: H. A. Nitse, 885 Taylor St. MeeU sec- 
ond and fourth Mondav nights at Post 160 Hall, 
1363 Ridge Ave., Philadelphia, Pa. 

161. White River— Henry J. Hert, 805 B. Mlch- 
an St.; Geo. O'Day, 2228 N. Alabama St. MecU 

_ jidays at 9 De Soto Block, B. Market St., near 
drde, IndUnapolis» Ind. 

1 62. Queen dty— Geo. M. Lyon, 4x56 Lakeman 
St., SUUon A. MeeU every Monday at Germanla 
Hall, Court and Main Sts.. dndnnati, Ohio; 
Peter Wingerter, 1x29 John St.. Newport, Ky. 

166. Roanoke— W. H. HoweU, six Sixth Ave., 
N. B. ; W. L. German, 28 Third Ave. MeeU first 
and thisd Tuesdays, Roanoke, Va. 

166. New Castle. Pa.— W. F. McCullough. Jr., 
507 Pollock Ave.; C. B. Sharp, 134 Court St., New 
Castle, Pa. 

168. National Park — Jos. Long, Box 40, 
Livingston, Mont. 

170. Muskegon— Wm. Miller, X23 Jefferson 
St.; Wm. H. Holden, 14 Mason Ave., Muskegon, 

173. Ban Claire— Henry Leinenkugel, 558 Brie 
St.; John Van Wagenen, 513 S. Barstow St. MeeU 
in Banner Lot&re. A. O. U. W. Hall, Sooth Bar- 
stow St , Bau Claire, Wis. 

174. Columbia— Arthur Chase, 210 C St.. N. 
W.; Thos. B.Lear, 530 9th 8t 8. B. MeeU first 
and third Wednesdays in McCauley'a Hall, Penn- 
sylvania Ave., S. B.. Washington, D. C. 

176. Acme— Wm. Mellin.3osN. 7th St, Olean, 
N. Y. MeeU every Friday in National AssocU- 
tion of SUtionary Bngineers' rooms. 

178. Sioux dty— Thomas B. Freeman, 916 
Iowa St. MeeU second and fourth Mondays, 
A. O. U. W. Halt Sioux dty, la. 

1 82. Beavei^Thos. Sills, 517 Pacific St^ J. Hnr- 
liman, Box iix. MeeU first and third Tuesdays 
at 306 Cardova St., Vancouver. B. C. 

184. Wilmington — V. A. Perham, 419 Wash- 
ington St.; Robert T. Mcdeland, 519 S. Jackson 
St. MeeU Thursdays in Smith's Building, 610^ 
Market St.. 3d floor. Wilmington Del. 


Digitized by 




186. My IfonrUnd — O. M. Peters, 315 N. 
Broftdway; I«oiiiU H. Gerdlng. 2033 8. Fayette 
St Meets Mondays Brick Layers' HaU, Fay- 
ette St, near Gay St., Baltimore. Md. 

187. Saginaw — C. H. Brerett. 43a McCoskey 
St. 8acia«w, Mich., B. 8.; Glenn Richardson. 
4}a Grant St. Sairinaw, Mich., B. S. 

181. Grand Rapids — J. A. Holcomb, 47 Gold 
St; Wb. Dottker, m Davis St MeeU every 
Tnetday eveninr in Hanishs' Hall, 74 N. Water- 
loo St, Grand Kapids, Micl. 

182. Plow BoT— M. B. Bradley, 127 B. Central 
Afc.; W. F. Thompson, 264 B. Central Ave., 
Delaware. Ohio. 

184. Garland City— Chas. J. Allen, 13 State 
St.; Geo. Grant. 6 WoodmlT St^ Watertown. N. 
t. MecU every Monday at DooUttie&HsUBlk. 

186. Reading — M. J. Flemming, 633 Willow 
St ; Henry Schabener. 816 Prankfln St. Meets 
recond and fourth Fridays of each month, Read- 
ing. Pa. 

188. Watenrliet— J. P. McCormick. Y. M. C. A.. 
Watervlict N. Y. MeeU first and third Mondays 
is G. A. R. HaU, Watenrliet N. Y. 

187. North Star-B. S. Michle. P. O. Box 1670. 
Meets alteniAte Mondays, at Union Hall. Sixth 
St. Sonth. Bralnerd, Minn. 

188. Dnqncsne— T. H. Diehl. 47 Terrace St; 
JsUas^les, care Allegheny Record Pnb. Co., 

20s. Snnmit— Thos. Sommenrille, 324 N. Union 
St; W. C Armstrong, 106 Budid Ave. Meets 
iffst and third Wednesdays at Bmmett's Hall, 
Akron, Ohio. 

204. Dorpian— H. V. Jackson, 410 Smith St; 
Ckss. A. O^NeUU 348 SchenecUdy St. MeeU 
Mondays at Machintot Hall, cor. Jay and SUte 
Sts., Sdienectady, N. T. 

206. Crirstal Lake— J. R. Thompson, 103 S. 
Gro?e St; F. J. Pflnm. M4S. Grove St, Urbana 111. 

287. Bvanston— Thos. Crosby. Bvanston.Wyo. 
MeatoSatnrdnys in K. of P. HaU. 

208. B^Uamv— B. J. Morrisey, 3030 Pamell 
Ave.; A. P. Bnlssono, 5246 SUte St MeeU first 
tsd third Taesdays at 3900 Wentworth Ave., 
CUcago, ni. 

218. WUkcsbarre— Chas. Pierce, 97 Moyatlen 
8t; H. W. Leffler. asi N. Washington St MeeU 
iffst and third Fridays at 36 W. Market St., 
wnkcsbarre, Pa. 

212. F. B. Ryan Lodge— F. C. Pipp, So. Cum- 
berland. Md. 

218. Gakaburg— Bmll A. BdofT. 49 Pulton St.; 
'^- Cedar St. MeeU first 

Aadiew LsBStrome, 956/1, 
idays af \ 
S. Main St., Galesbnrg. IlL 

aad third Thursday 

Svea Lodge HsU, S37 

217. Kensington— Gns. Plate, S9aa Marshall 
St; Wm. H. Richards, 627 Belgrade St., SUtion 
R. MeeU Tuesdays at Textile HalL Kensington 
Ave. and Cumberland St, Philadelpnla, Pa. 

224. Mt. Roval— W. T. Bartey, 301 Magdalen 
St. Point St Chmries; H. A. Pepier, 98 Congrega- 
tion St, Montreul, Canada. 

226. Mutual— Daniel D. Bergk, C(»mer Clinton 
•od Mew SU.; Louis P. Berry, 309 Howard St., 
MeeU every other Wednesday night at Trades & 
Labor Assembly Hall, cor. 5th and Wayne Afes., 
Oayton, O. 

226. Keystone— Jas. H. Hassett. Box 533- Rob- 
ert Kinney, Sayre, Pa. MeeU second and fourth 
ThatsdaT* each month. 

228. Liberty — Frank B. Olson, sSj Bms St.: 
I. M. Buchanan, 721 Blston Ave. MeeUsecond and 
fiMTth Saturdavs in Odd Fellows' Hall. cor. Mil- 
waakee Ave. sind Carpenter St, Chicago, ni. 

280. Slectric dty— Wm. F. York. 428 N. 8th 
St; W.Bk Kemp, 1301 Wyoming Ave., Scranton, 
Pa. MeeU second and fourth Tuesdays in Hul- 

282. Joplin— Lewis Schechner. Box 390. Car- 
terviUe. Mo.; P. S. Stone. Carterville, Mo. 

288. Cleveland— B. B. Mvers, 1930 St. Oalr St.; 
Frank LcRoy PI. MeeU Friday even- 
ings at Stocke's HaU, St. CUir SI., OeveUnd, 

236. Toronto— R. H. Dee, io4AugusU Ave.: 
Thos. White. 43 Gait Ave. MeeU first and third 
Tuesdays at Richmond Hall, Richmond St., 
Toronto. Canada. 

236. Creamer— T. D. Stinson. aso Weston Ave. : 
W . J. Krauter.4a8 Benton St.. Aurora. IlL Meeu 
first and third Fridays in Red Men's Hall. 

238. Pearl- Geo. R. Lawrence, 113 Dudley St.; 
GusUve Lippstreu, 108 Professor St Meeu every 
Tuesday at 865 Lorain St., OeveUnd. Ohio. 

241. Hamilton— Albert S. Johnson. 316 N. 9th 
St.; Henry Schulte, 534 N. sih St. MeeU alter- 
nate TuesdajTS in Trades and Labor Council Hall, 
comer Court and ad Sts., Hsmilton, O. 

243. York— J. 8. Tones. 611 B. Mason Ave., 
P. J. Snyder, 33s W. Princess St., York. Pa. 
MeeU fint and^third Thursdays in Condoms 
Hall, West Market St 

244. Potosi — R. O. Jobson, Box 98, San LuU 

846. Buflklo- Wm. Dickenson, 387 B. Utica 
St., Buflklo, N.Y.; Joseph Culver, Lancaster. N. 
Y.. Box 643. MeeU Tuesdsy evenings. Fidelity 
Hall, Genesee St.. near Michigan St, Bufblo. 

248. Corinthian— B. F. LeMay; Oacar B. Price, 
Corinth, Miss. 

248. Camden— Charies Bdwarda, 529 Haddon 
Ave.; Wm. G. Dobbins, 743 Clinton St., Camden, 
N. J. MeeU every Sunday morning in Machin- 
UU^ Hall, northwest cor. ad and Federal Sts. 

264. Des Moines— Wm. B. Rich. 1357 W. isth 
St.; D B. Brown, 7th and Indiana Ave., Dea 
Moinea Iowa. 

266. Chihuahua — Manuel Parra, en el dipo. 
Chihuahua, Mexico. 

268. Bxcetaior— C. F. Robertson. Box 699, Shel- 
ton. Conn.; Wm. H. Demay. aso Front St., Derby. 
Conn. MeeU first and third Mondays in CenUal 
Labor HaU, BUzabeth St.. Derby, Conn. 

261. ColumbU — John H. Stewart, Valley 
House ; A. Joseph Rogers. 938 Berwick St., South 
Baston. Pa. MeeU second and fourth Saturday 
nighU, Jones Building, Central Square, Baston, 

262. Twin City — T. H. Park, 1634 5th St.: 
M. P. Hynes, 719 H St, W. MeeU second 
and fourtn Tnesdmya, Room la. Old P. O. Block, 
Cedar Rapids. Iowa. 

264. Boston— John T. Kelley. 76 Camden St.; 
Thos. F. Maher, Baton St.. Neponset, Mass 
MeeU second and fonith Thursdays. Wells' 
Memorial Hall. Baston. Msss. 

266. Grand Crossing— B. Berbeck. 7544 Dob- 
son Ave.; R. Hillhouse. 7304 Ingleside Ave. MeeU 
first and third Fridays at Pusey Hall, cor. Drexel 
Ave. and 7sth St., Chicago, lU. 

268. Rose HiU— Geo. Q. Kama. Box 363; A. C. 
Hankerson. Brookfield. Mo. 

273. Baldwin— A. J. Olmsted, 301 Tama St.; 
Will V. Carriger. 317 Tama St., Boone, Iowa. 

276. Mt Washington — J F. Batchelder. 66 
School St.; Walter A. Sewall. 80 Warren St. Meets 
at Central Labor Union Hall, second and fourth 
Tuesdays, Concord. N. H. 

278. Overland— Geo. C. Newton, laio N. Third 
St.. Kansas City. Kan.; John Patton, 813 Bar- 
nette Ave., Kansas City, Kan. 

278. Green Mountain— Bd Ryder, 41 Bogland 
St; L. A. Steere, 2 England St., St. Albans. Vt 

287. Black Bagle— Geo. Bison. Great Falls. 
Mont. MeeU first and third Saturdays. Tod 

283. Parsons— W. P. Oabome. 1503 Forrest Ave. ; 
Thos. Wilcock, 3316 W. Dlrr Ave. MeeU in Con- 
ductors' Hsll. first and third Tuesday nights of 
each month. Paraons, Kan. 

Digitized by 


,.^^gr,-S-7y MONTHLY JOURNAL. 

i.x ?^--^ ^^^ ^ ijj^l, ^^jy Thuw- 
"^^-^'Vi^:**^ ^tSr^Mii.lNmitb and 6. Je«ey 

4>oi Nk^ >»^ W^^ *v- Kurti. 238 E. 45th St.; 
. , ^t^^tl-; >v>» W, «Mk St. Meets every Wed- 
\j^ <t?^ "^ ** 5i W. 4td St.. between 8th 

w^ -t-mrt'ir^ i»a« B. Johnson, Room 107, 4 
^X\ %*a Wrth Saturday.. 360 Fulton St., 

^> )H**K4l^ Prank BitUer, 47S.Pine St.; 
»s5l wSaliHkv. N. Main St.. MeadvTUe. Pa. 
4jMk «iJilkV> Otnnan Lodge. Panl J. Reich- 

A» vt^vaadHa - C. H. Pickln, 311 S. PatHcIc 
.u**< M Wa-vxKk. 4«58. Fairi-ax St. Meet. 
^,^;M*i *>*a R^rth Wednwdav. of each month at 
\Cv^^* «*«. »^*»I •*'««*• Alerandria, Va. 

A4^ H%wark Ja.. Alexander. 4^ John St.. 
H iSTwiil; It K. William., .70 Offden St. Meet. 
SxvSlvT ailii feurth Tue^laynlirffu at Ma^nic 
^lA ♦** »««•<> •*•» Newark, N. J. 

>I3 W^at Superior— John P. Gardiner. 1719 22d 
<«K Wv«l *uperlor. Wis. 

M4. f^ltfMn-John Coate., .80 Atlantic St.; 
I J^* TL^i^xu. ag Pennington St., Pateraon, N. J. 
\!!!Utliit« and third Thuraday. in Columbia 

t4T, Kdwarda-Jo.. Rodema. 9^9 Hackett 
AvS. \Vm« Wllkenaon. ua Harden Ave. MeeU 
flat aud third Tne^*y*Jn T«J<*««' H.11. 347 
JUbMi^r Mock, JackaonviUe. m. 

M8x V»lttd-Wm. Welch. 601 W. Girard Ave.; 
wtuiam FtUx. 15*7 AnnSt. Meeta Fridaya at 
wiMi^a Hall, K. B. cor. Frankfort Ave. and Gir- 

Mr Irtki. City- M. T. Coffey. 42 B. Clay St.: 
loiiu >\Mlhty» 1163 Bank S. MeeU firat and 
<hiii Thuraaaya in each month at Blka' Hall. 
IM Bank St.. waterbury. Conn. 


SSI. Blyaian— T. C. Warkman. 89 7th Ave., 
New York City; W. R. Wella. 309 West St.. Wet 
Hoboken. N. T. MeeU firat and third Mondaya 
at Quartette Club. Waahington St., between lotk 
and nth St... Hoboken. nT J. 

318. St Claire— Wm. J. Fenner. 516 S. Race 
SL: Bdward Rutter, 196 S. Richland St., BeUe- 

864. Capitol City— John P. Bruiggaman. 38 
Cedar St.; B.J.GnMch.36 WoodbridgeSt. Meet. 
second and fourth Mondajr.. Central Labor Hall. 
II Central Row, Hartford, Conn. 

862. Aiuonia— Charle. Baatop. a8 Arch St.: 
Henry Nugent. 109 N. SUte St. MeeU aecond 
and fourth Thuradajra. Germania Hall. Maple St.. 
Anaonia. Conn. 

377. Fort Scott— Chas. Anderson. P. O. Box 
37: Jaa. G. Blackburn. MeeU firat and third 
Friday nighU in Waltera' Hall, Chicago HeighU. 

378. Glenn— Fred Ryalls. 183 Covel St.; A. Ja.. 
BurgeM, 461 Divi.ion St., Fall River. Maw. 

381 . SyracuM — Fredrick SanderMn. 307 W. 
WiUow St.; Joa. Crichton. 301 Third North St, 
MeeU firat and third Monday eveninga of each 
month at Klein'a Hall. Jamea St., Syracuae, N. Y. 

384. I^anaing City— T. H. Ki.hpaugh. 305 K. 
St. Joe St.; B. B. MorehouM. 819 Chctnut St.. 
I«andng, Mich. MeeU in Trade. Hall. Mooad 
and fourth Thuradaya, Lanaing. Mich. 

886. Ionia— L B. Speaker, 530 N. Jeff St.. 
lonU, Mich. 

888. Tri<<Mty, Mollne. Rock laland and Daven- 
port — C. F. Huaaey, Box 1154.; H. 
Abbott, a^ao 14th St.. Moline, 111. MeeU mc- 
ond and fourth Wednewlay. of each month in 
the Rock laland Induatrial Home, Rock I.aand, 


398. CentraUa— Richard H. Hom.Box3^; Fred 
Banmer, Box 267. MeeU Mcond and fourth Fri- 
day., Centralia. 111. 

894. Germania— M. Sendig. 5245 Belleview St. 
Lndwig Winter. 1800 Broadway. MeeU every 
Tueaday in MachiniaU' Club room., 14 N. Fourth 
St.. St. loui.. Mo. 

401. Columbtt.— Patrick Logue, ai9 Harri«>n 
St.; Fred Wood. 78 4th Place. Brooklyn. N. Y. 
MeeU Mcond and fourth Friday, of each month 
at Bergen Hill Hall, 411 (^urt St.. Brooklyn.N. Y. 

402. ManhatUn— Wm. M. T. Pike, 967 B. 133d 
St.: Charle. Hakin. 141 B.96th St. MeeU aecond 
and fourth Fridaya at 160 B. iiath St., New 

406. New York City— Frank HaUenbeck, 834 
B. 138th St.; Phillip H. Cooney, 314 St. Ann*a AveV! 
MeeU every Tueaday night at Weber'a Hall. 444 
WUlis Ave., near 145th St., New York City. 

406. The Loyal— Jaa. P. Keogh, 117 Roebling 
St., Brooklyn; Henry Smith, 173 WillU Ave., 
New York City. MeeU Fridaya at Stujrveaant 
Hall. 351 B.i7th St, New York City. 

408. Yoakum- Geo. Maynard, Box 95. Yoak 
um, Tex. MeeU aecond and fourth Thuradajra of 
each month at K. of P. Hall. 

416. Hudaon Valley-A. L. Kreeft; John Dun- 
can, P. O. Box 536, Tarrytown. N. Y. 

416. Paragon— W. B. Carlaon. P. O. Box 59, 
Cleburne, Tex. 

418. OlneyviUe— Bdward Frayle. Box 193, Ol- 
nesrville, R. I.; W. Franklin. 347 Manton Ave., 
Providence. R. I. MeeU aecond and fourth Mon- 
daya at Library Building, OlneyviUe Square, Ol- 
nesrville. R. I. 

421 . Blmira— Joa. W. Ketter, 717 Benjamin St.; 
Chaa. Twiaa, 356Center St.. Blmira, N. Y. 

Digitized by 




422. Bradibrd— JohnA.&eillY, trCongreMPl.; 
Wm. Shefer. 4 Jftnet PI. Meets Pridayt at 
MalU EtU, lain 8t , Bradford. Pa. 

424. Green Point— Wm. J. IiOTelace. 113 Newell 
St, Brooklyn, B. D.. N. Y.; Patrick J. SnlliTan, 
ii3 Greene St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

428. Kewanee— Wm. Cranston, Box 946: C. B. 
Mooce, Box 935, Kewanee. in. Meets second and 
fboith Fridays of each month. 

422. Seaboard— Lewis Blount, AbbeiriUe. & C. 
Meets irst and third Thnrsdays at B. I«. B. Hall. 

432. Meteor — Arthur Ireland, Manitoba Atc. 
C O. PhUips. Manitoba Ave., South MUwankee, 
Wit. Meets first and third Tuesdays at Odd Pel- 
lows HaU. 

431. States IsUnd— J. H. 8weatman,43 Jewett 
Ave., Port Richmond, Staten Island, N.Y. Meets 
first and third Mondajrs, Washington Bngine 
Co., No. 4, Port Richmond, SUten Island, N. Y. 

434. Boreka— Henry Flicker, 343 B. t9th St., 
New York City ; Chas. C. Parish, 311 S. 4th St. 
Meets Thursdays at lox Grand St., Brooklyn, 
N. Y. 

436. Unity— Ceo. S.Tourtellotte, 4^ N. SUnley 
St; Lewis Hanford, 145 Winthrop St. Meets 
fint and third Tuesdays at Tuniot O. U. A. M. 
BsU. comer West Main and Main SU., New 
Britain. Conn. 

437. Belle City— M. A. Poarman, Ashby House, 
Racine, Wis. 

438. Canton — Ira A. Aungst, 53a Prospect 
Are.; Charles R. Judd, Canton, Ohio. 

439. Lock City — G.Van Wyek. in Park Ave.. 
Lockport. N. Y. 

440. Progre ssi ve— G. O. Bishop, care IngersoU 
Milling Machine Co.; Geo. Reimer, 809 First 
Ave.. Rocktord, 111. 

441. Portsmouth— W. L. Thomasson, 435 King 
St.; J.M.WUkes CotUge Place. MeeU Fridays 
Blks^Hall, High St., Portsmouth, Ya. 

442. Invincible— L. O. Yanghan, Box 84, Duns- 
muir, Siskiyou Co., Cal. 

443. Madison— C. L. Kochcr, 1413 B. Dayton 
St.. Madison, Wis. Meets second and fourth 
Tuesday evenings each month at Labor Hall, 
SUte St. 

444. Little Falls-W. A. Roulette, 84 Chmch St., 
UtUe Fans. N. Y. MeeU first and third Tues- 
days in each month at Royal Arcanum Rooms. 

449. MysUc Yalley— Wm.L.Graves, 6iji Wash- 
ington St.; Thos. B. Ritchie, 34 Harvard St. MeeU 
second and fourth Fridays at 8 o'clock, at G. A. 
R. Hall, Winchester, Mass. 

460. B.Y. Debs— Tom Scherer. Meets first and 
third Wednesdays, in Foresters Hall, Hoopes- 
toa, Ul. 


Seals |3S0 

■idge Pins (solid gold).... i 50 

Badge Pins. Bar top a 00 

8oUd Gold Charm. No. 438. 5 00 
Rolled Gold PUted Charm, 

N0.3M SCO 

loOedGold Locket % as 

Ritnala, one set of five z 00 

CoostitntiAns, BngUsh 5 

Constitutions, German.... s 
Application Uanks per zoo. 50 

Membership Cards free 

Toucher Books as 

RccdptBooks as 

Kccdpt Books for Borrofwed 
Money 10 

Punch 7s 

Letter Heads, per pad of 

looshecU 60 

Withdrawal Cards zo 

Proceedings of the Conven- 
tion zo 

Due LedgCTt S^-psge z 40 

Due Ledger, zoo-page s so 

Roll Book zoo 

Minute Book zoo 

CashBook 30 

Members' Due Books s 

Initiation sUmp 100 

Monthly due stamp (per 

capita) ao 

Quarterly due sUmp ss 

Dropped member's rdn- 
sUtement stamp zoo 

Grand Lodge reinstatement 
stamp (lapsed lodges)... 3 00 

Grand Lodge Indlridual 
membersmp stamp 30 

Loan stamps free 

Apprenticeship stamps— 

MonthlT zo 

Quarterly due %%% 

Initiation 30 

Card Cases 8 

or 7sc per dosen. 
All orders for supplies must be 

accompanied by the money. 


Not they who soar, but they who plod 
Their nigged way, unhelped, to Qod, 
Are heroes; they who higher fare, 
And, flying, fan the upper air. 
Miss all the toll that hugs the sod. 
'Tls they whose backs have felt the rod. 
Whose feet have pressed the path unshod, 
May smile upon defeated care, 
Not they who soar. 

High up there are no thorns to prod, 
Nor boulders lurking 'neath the clod 
To turn the keenness of the share. 
For flight Is ever free and rare; 
But heroes they the soil who've trod, 
Not they who soar! 

—Paul Lawrence Dunbar. 

Digitized by 





Birmlni^am 7 

Mobile 4 

Tucson 143 


Pine Blufl 51 

British Columbia 
Vancouver tSs 


San Pranciaoo. ..68 
Dunamnir 44a 


Denver 47 

Pueblo 13 


Anton la 363 

Derby 259 

Bridgeport 30 

Hartford .... 
New Britain. 
New Haven.. 
Waterbury 349 

Wilmington.... 184 

Dist. OF Columbia 
Waahington .... 174 

Pernandina .... 40 


AllanU I 

Auguata 3 

Maoon 8 


Aurora 336 

BelleviUe 353 

Centralia 393 

Chicago aS 

Chicago ia6 

Chicago 134 

Chicago aoB 

Chicago 339 

Chicago Heig'a.1377 

3Wn- 295 

Galeaburg 313 

Grand Croa8ing.365 

Hoopeston 450 

Jacksonville .... 347 

Joliet 124 

Kewanee 428 

Mattoon 96 

Peoria 360 

Q«incy 317 

Rockford 440 

Rock Island.... 388 

Springfield 157 

South Chicago.. 128 
Urbana ao6 


Port Wayne ^o 

Garrett 39 

Indianap6lls .... 161 
Logansport S4 


Boone 37s 

Des Moines 354 

Sioux City 178 

Waterloo 3>4 

Cedar Rapids.. .a63 


Horton 39 

Kansas City 37 

Kanaaa City .'...378 
Parsons 393 


Covington 135 

I«ndlow 153 

Paducah IS3 


New Orleana....37 

Great Palls 387 

Winnipeg 133 


Baltimore 186 

S. Cumberland. 313 


Boston 364 

Pall River 378 

Lowell 138 

N. Upper Palls. 365 
Winchester ....449 


Chihuahua 356 

San Luis Potosi . 344 


Baydty 08 

Detroit 83 

Pori Huron.... 117 
Grand Rapids.. loi 

Ionia 385 

Jackson 95 

Lansing 384 

Muskegon 170 

Manistee 50 

Owosso 114 

Saginaw 187 


Brsinerd 197 

Dnlnth 151 

St. Paul 113 

Winona 133 


Corinth 348 

Meridian 313 

Vicksbarg. 18 

Water Vauey 61 


Brookfield S69 

DeSoto 135 

Joplin 333 

Hannibal 64 

Kansas City 93 

Moberly 57 

SedaUa 71 

Springfield 17 

Si Joseph no 

St. Louis 19 

St. Louis 41 

St. Louis 8s 

St. Louis 394 


Anaconda 91 

Butte City 88 

Livingston 168 


Omaha 31 

Nbw Hampsbirb. 

Concord 376 

Nbw Jbrsbt. 

Camden 349 

Elisabeth port . . 315 

Hoboken 351 

Newark 340 

iersey City 304 
*aterson 344 

Nbw Mbxico. 

Raton 97 

Albequerque ... 131 
Nbw York. 

Auburn 133 

Brooklyn 333 

Brooklyn 401 

Brooklyn 434 

BuffiOo 345 

Bui&do 330 

Tarrytown 415 

Blmfra 431 

Lockport 439 

Little Palls 444 

New York 3^0 

New York 403 

New York '405 

New York 406 

New York 4^4 

Newburgh 99 

Glean 173 

Port Richmond. 433 
Schenectady . ..304 
Seneca Palla . . . . 37.S 

Syracuse 381 

Green point ....424 

Watertown 194 

Watervleit 106 

Yonkers 00 

North Carolina. 

Raleigh 109 

Saliabury 136 


Akron m 

Barberton 118 

Cincinnati 65 

Cincinnati 162 

Cincinnati 307 

Canton m 

Cleveland 83 

Cleveland 3311 

Cleveland 338 

Cleveland 309 

Columbus 55 

Davton 335 

Delaware 193 

Hamilton 341 

Lima 116 


Mt. Vernon 84 

Newark 80 

Portsmouth ....404 
Springfield ....148 

Shelby 108 

Toledo 105 

Toledo 155 


Stratford 103 

Toronto 335 


S. Portland .... 140 
Portland 03 


Bradford 433 

Carbondale 303 

Brie loi 

Galeton 21 

iohnstown 78 
feadville 337 

NewCaatle 166 

New Brighton . . 296 

OUCity 113 

Philadelphia ... 159 
Philadelphia ...317 
Philadelphia ...303 
Philadelphia . ..348 

Pittsburg 52 

Pittsburg 199 

Reading 19^ 

Sa3rre 220 

Scranton 230 

South Baston... 261 

TitusviUe 156 

Wilkesbarre ...310 
York....'. 343 


Montreal iii 

Montreal 324 

Rbodb Island. 

Olnevville 4x8 

Providence 147 

South Carolina. 

Abbeville 4^ 

Columbia 44 

Chattanooga ....56 

iackaon 73 
Lnoxville 58 

Memphia 14 

NashviUe 154 


Clebume 416 

Denison as 

Dallas 4* 

Port Worth 75 

Galveston 6 

Houston IS 

Marahall 9 

Palestine 36 

San Antonio ....36 

Temple S9 

Tyler 45 

Yoakum 40B 


Ogden lay 

Salt Lake City . 106 


Alexandria 336 

Newport Newa.137 

Portamouth 441 

Richmond 10 

Roanoke i€% 

Salem 14a 


St. Albans 379 


SeatUe 79 

Tacoma 10a 


Ban Claire 173 

Kenosha 34 

Milwaukee 66 

Milwaukee 300 

Milwaukee 301 

Madiaon 443 

Racine 437 

S. Milwaukee.. 43a 
W. Superior.... 343 


Cheyenne (6 

Bvanston 307 


A new postoffice was established in a 
small village away out West, and a na- 
tive of the soil was appointed post- 
master. After awhile complaints were 
made that no mail was sent put from 
the new office, and an inspector was 
sent to inquire into the matter. He 

called upon the postmaster, and stat- 
ing the cause of his visit, asked why no 
mail had been sent out. The postmas- 
ter pointed to a big and nearly empty 
mail-bag hanging up in a corner, and 
said: "Well, I ain*t sent it out 'cause 
the bag ain't nowheres nigh full yet!" 

Digitized by 




Wc must abandon the legend that 
revolutions are inspired by a popular 
passion for liberty. Revolutions are 
not made by the masses but by the 
gentry. In the congress that declared 
America independent of England near- 
ly every member was a wealthy aris- 
tocrat, and the revolutionary leaders in 
France were of like social rank. The 
freedom fought for in such movements 
is not human or personal freedom, 
but freedom to exchange one master for 
another. When America threw oflf the 
yoke of England its citizens were not 
quite so free as before; they were sub- 
jected to more rigfid Sabbaths, their 
theaters were closed by act of con- 
gress, and they were compelled to ac- 

cept paper money for their goods. As 
individuals they were given up to the 
uncontrolled despotism of their respect- 
ive colonies, whose supremacy repre- 
sented an irresponsible power, not 
claimed by any monarch or even legis- 
lature in Europe. The fallacy exposed 
by Thomas Paine in 1804, when the 
Louisianians demanded freedom to 
make men slaves, is still widesnread. — 
Moncure D. Conway. 

The junior dean of Trinity College, 
Dublin, hearing an undergraduate 
swear, rushed at him frantically, ex- 
claiming: **Are you aware, sir, that 
you are imperiling your immortal soul, 
and what is worse, incurring a fine of 
five shillings?'* — Household Words. 


Union workinnaen and workinswomea and 
■yttptthiser* with labor have refuted to purchase 
artidet produced by the foHowing firms. I<at>or 
papers pleaae copy : 

AflMrican Biscuit Company's biscuits. 

Aacrican Tobacco Company. 


Apsley Rabber Company, Hudson , Mass. 

Berfer Beddinc Company, A. Weigel & Co.. 

mattreases, M ilwausee, Wis. 
Banner Cigar Company, Detroit, Mich. 
Bsix Brewing Co., Philadelphia. Pa. 
Boston Pilot. Boston Republic. 
Boston Belting Company. 
BiDwn Bros, agar Company, Detroit, Mich. 
Baflalo Barrels. 
Chas. H. BusbcT*a cigars, McShenytown, Pa. 

nt. Bane « Co., clothiers, Chicago, 
lidated Steel and Wire Company. 
C Sdireier, Sheboygan, Wis., maltster. 

Caaiberland Flour Milla and Liberty Flour Mills. 

NashTlUe, Tenn. 
Daabe. Cohen & Co., clothing. Chicago. 
Detroit Cigar Company, Detroit, Mich. 
Derby Bicrde Company, Tackaon, Mich. 
Dcoscher Company, Hamuton. Ohio, maltster. 
Deutsche Post. Clereland, Ohio. 
Donohue & Hennebery, Printers and Publiahers. 

Chicago, HI. 
Bltd & Casaebohn's cigars, Louisrille, Ky. 
Parrar & Trefta, Boiler and Machine Works, 

Steam Engines, Buflalo, N. Y. 
Poote, Schultae & Co., St. Paul, Minn. 
Preie Prease, Chicago, 111. 
Puller & Warren Stove Company, Milwaukee. 
Geo. Shret'a lager beer. 
Geo. Modes Cigar Company, Detroit, Mich. 
GobeUl Pattern Worka, Oetreland, Ohio. 
Gordon Broa.' Cinr Company, Detroit. 
Gormully & Jeffrey Bicycle Co., Chicago. HI. 
Gould & Walaer, boots and shoes. Westboro. 
Gregory & Shaw, boots and shoea. South Fram- 

ugham, Maas. 
Groas& Co., cigars, Detroit, Mich. 
Hamilton -Brown Shoe Company, St. I/>uis. 
Harding & Todd, shoea, Rocheater. N. Y. 
Harrington & Ouelette Cigar Co.. Detroit, Mich. 
Hart, Schaffoer & Marks, Chicago. 
H. Diets Cigar Company, Detroit, Mich. 
Hetterman Bros. Company, cigars. Louisville.Ky. 
Imperial Mill Company, Duluth. Minn. 
Joa. Blefield and Siegel & Bros., dothiers, 

Kerbs, Wertheim & Schiffier. dgars, New York. 

Kipp Bros., mattresses and spring beds, Mllwau- 

Larkins Soap Worka. Buflfalo, N. Y. 
Maple City Soap Works. 
Metropolitan Life Insurance Company. 
Moek's dgar Company, Detroit, Mich. 
Monmouth Mining ana Manufacturing Company 

(Sewer Pipe). 
Monmouth (IiL) Pottery Company. 
Overman Bicycle Company, Chlcopee Falls,Mass. 
Ottenberg Bros., Cigara. New York City. 
Plant Mining Co., Geo. P. 
Powell, Smith & Co.. dgars. New York. 
Quincy Show Case Works, Q<>incy, 111. 
Rochester Clothiers' Bxchange. 
Rockfbrd Chair & Furniture Co. 
Rothschild, Sou & Co.. bar fixtures. 
Royal Mantel & Furniture Co.. Rockford. HI. 
Schneider-Trenkamp Company, manufacturers 

' Reliable" oil, gas and gaaoline stoves, 

Cleveland, Ohio. 
School Seat Company, furniture. Grand Rapids. 
Sardines— B W. Brown, Gunrock Packing com- 

Kny. Eureka Packing Company, Lawrence 
eking Company, Crescent Packing Com- 
pany, Bucka Harbor Packing Company. 
Indian Cove Packing Company.of Lubecand 
Machias, Maine. 

S. F. Heaa & Co.. dgars, Rochester. N. Y. 

Seig & Walpole, bicydea. Kenosha, Wla. 

Springfield (HI.) Blevator Milling Company. 

St. Louia Brewers' Association, lager beer. 

Strong. Garfield Company. B. Weymouth, Masa. 

Studebaker Bros. Manuraduring Company's 
carriagea and wagona. South Bend, Ind. 

Swift's Sure Specific, Atlanta. Ga. 

Thomas Taylor & Son, Hudson, Mass. 

Times, Los Angdes. Cal. 

United States Baking Company. 

United Statea Bicycle Company and Chicago 
Stamping Company. 

Vallens & Co.. Cigars, Chicago. 

Venable Bros.' Q^rrics, Llthonia, Ga. 

Western WheelCo.. Chicago, III. 

W. B. Con key Co.. printers. Chicago- New York. 

W. H. Fauber. mannfadurer one piece bicycle 
crank hanger. Chicago, 111. 

Winter Bros. Brewing Company. Iron City Brew 
ing Company. littsburg. Pa.; Bberbard & 
Obers Brewing Company, Alleghany. Pa. 

W.L.Kidder & Son Milling Co. ,Terre Haute, Ind. 

Wm. Tegge Cigar Company, Detroit. Mich. 

Yocum Bros., Cigars, Reamng. Pa. 

If labor would be successful it must combine. 

uigitized by 


EY-MAKER. $30 ftu*-!?'^ 

ITS DAYS. Mr.C«xWHl««i "O^tftll I omado. Pitta » Mli • tey. 

iflTOaaMiib. Ages ti all awklDC monej. Soeanjott. 
Ivelj make •& !• •IS a d^, at banc or traTallns. taking oHan. mIbc 
Uaeqaallad for platiag waicbetTlnrvlry. tablewaiw, Uot«Im, alt macal faada. 

Manoflanara tba oaly praetteal ootSu. laelndlac all looU, lathaa, aad ■»- 
rork whra reeeived. ttoarMitMd. New aiMleni mctkad^ 
Lm Md trade aeereta FREE. Fallare lapMlSle. 
[{alok. Baaj. LatMt mctbod. Ueodi^dippcd la Bcltcd metal, t^aa ««t ta- 
it» e?ery ' 

fuullj, hot«l and rcaaat 
wdtacaaraaa* Oarai 
ir platiag, tb« mubc aa i 
le. Cottoaicni always del 
In bnidnMw tor yean, i 
tta fiw jonnair. WES' 

New Plaa, SaMpica 

UaM. «aaraateed5Ul0jMur«. A kay platen frwB I 


Primary, Seoondary or Tertiary permanent- 
ly cured in 16 to 86 days. We eliminate all 
poUon from the system so that there can 
never te a return of the disease in any form. 
Parties can be treated at home as weU as 
here (for the same price and under the same 
guarantee), but with those who prefer to 
oome here we will contract to cure them or 
refund all money and pay entire expense 
of coming, railroad fare and hotol bills. 

OirHatfc Remedy r.nAr.'rJS::: 

to cure. Since the history of medicine a 
true specific for BLOOD POISON has been 
sought for but never found until our Biagic 

arpntlene was discovered. This disease has 
ways baffled Ihe skill of most eminent phy- 
sicians. We solicit the most obstinate cases 
and challenje the world for a case we cannot 
cure. $600,000 CAPITAL behind our uncon- 
ditional guarnntee. Absolute proofs sent 
sealed on application, loo-page book free, 
nova Vau »<>« Throat, Pimples. Copper Col- 
naiO lOUored Spots. Aches. Old Sores. Ul- 
oers in Mouth. UaVr Falling, writo COOK REM- 
EDY CO., 1696 Masonic Temple, Chicago. Hi. 


•* America's most popular railroad.*' 

Anyone sending a "ketch and dewnrtptlonmjj 
QolcklT ascertain our opinion free whether an 
IBrentlon to probably patOTtable. Communka. 
tloMsSotJ^SonfldentfitL^Handbopkon Pat^ 
sent free. Oldest «f enoy forseOTrtng pat^tj 

PatenU taken tnroogh ICunn & Co. receive 
ipedol noticd. without charge. In the 

Scientific Jimencam 

A handsomely lllnstmted weekly. Jifw;* «f»^ 

MUNN&Co.«'">'«*^'' New York 









Throagh Pullman tenrlce between Chicago and 


If you are conteniplaUng a trip, any portion of 
which can be made over the Chicago A Alton. It 
win pay you to write to the andertlgned for mapa, 
pamphlets, rates, time Ublea, etc. 

a«nenU PMMngtr and TiokaC Afcat. 



A new departure In itory 
writing. Price. 26 oents 
by man. Address 
BRIDQER8 A LUF8EY. Box 164. Salisbury. N. C. 


iM« K.IM. acgalar ■•ya' t- 
L>M-Put Baltogolaffat f|.05«,_ 
W SUIT FRBI for any of theM suite 
, don't give satisfactory wear. 

WO money. ^ ^ ^^ ^ ,^ 

«• of boy and say whether large or 
for affe. and we will send yon the 
zpress, C.O.D., subject to ezamln- 
m can examine It at your ezproas 
If found perfectly satisfactory 
to suits sold in your town for 
jr your express acrent ear s usl s l 

k liiS&MP AifrsunB^ iw 

k 4 U Ift 7*MPi ef ■!•< spdsrereUnM 
r* at mo. Bade wlU double seat 
es, Istsst ISSe style as illustrated. 

Muiure ana run uwwucMon» uuw w wiw. . 
■•■ ■ SalU sad Orweeato aad* U oHrr fnm »».ee a^ 
Samples sent free on application. ^^^*^ .,, 

SEARS, ROEBUCK & CO. (Inc.), Chicago* IIL 

(istrs. Bestask a Ce. eve tksrsafUy reltaMe.-lAlsiw» 

uigiiizea oy vjv>'v>'*:^lv^ 

Bntered at Chicago Poct-Officc u 8econd-ClmM Matter. 

D. OOUOLAS WILSON, Editor and Manager, 
990 RtoNOM Block, Chicaim, III. 

W. N. QATE8, Advertising Agent, 
29 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, Ohio* 

Voi. XI. 

Chicago, February, 1899. 

No. 2. 

APOLEON the Great is cred- 
ited as being the author of 
the celebrated apothegm: An 
army travels on its belly. 
This maxim of the famous 
Corsican contains an important truth 
that can be applied to civilization, to 
society in all its branches, as well as to 
a marching army. The question of 
primal importance to all is that of bread 
and butter; until the bread and butter 
problem is solvfed, there is no room for 
the consideration of any other. 

An empty stomach is a poor founda- 
tion upon which to attempt the erection 
of a new social structure; the multi- 
tude — as of old — must be fed first, before 
any attempt is made to preach the new 
kingdom. The hungry man is a des- 
perate man until his craving for food is 
appeased; with the distention of his 
stomach his desperation dies. The well; 
fed man has a healthy and active brain, 
and. if he belong to the ranks of labor, 
he is a revolutionist. 

When the opportunity to labor is re- 
duced to that point where the worker 
can only get a bare sufficiency to keep 
body and soul together, he has no 
chance to think — even if he had the in- 
clination — of anything higher than mere 

bread and butter. In numerous in- 
stances his thoughts do not soar so high 
as the butter mark, for that would mean, 
to a certain extent, luxury; he is forced 
to devote his whole energy to the task 
of hunting for bread. On the other 
hand, when the worker is steadily em- 
ployed; when his hours of labor are not 
too many and tedious; when he is not 
haunted with the specter of no bread 
to-morrow, he is in a position, and in- 
clined to think out the solution of other 
problems than that of merely allaying 
the excitement of the sensory nerves of 
his stomach. He is in a condition that 
admits of his mind soaring to a higher 
plane. He contemplates his surround- 
ings and becomes dissatisfied. He 
searches for a way out. 

This peculiarity that is bred from hav- 
ing a sufficiency of bread and butter, is 
recognized and appreciated by the cap- 
italistic class, and its every energy is 
directed to the end that the staflF of life 
be not too easily possessed. With 
mathematical accuracy it adjusts the 
amount of bread that shall be consumed 
by the worker, always taking care that 
that point shall not be reached where 
his thoughts would revel in the social- 
istic ideal of enough for all or any such 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



heresy. When it is noted that he con- 
templates a shorter working day, for 
instance, and his thoughts find expres- 
sion in that direction, his bread is shut 
off, and the struggle begins anew for 
to-morrow's breakfast. When the hunt 
for the breakfast beings, the agitation 
for a shorter work day dies of neglect. 
How then can the breakfast be assured? 
What can be done that will take away 
the ever present fear that to-morrow's 
bread and butter will not be forthcom- 

First. — The workers must organize. 
The few who are now organized have 
a greater assurance that their bread and 
butter will be forthcoming than have 
those who are not; and this assurance 
becomes more certain as the number 
organized increases. With organization 
comes discipline; with discipline comes 
well directed effort; when there is a 
well directed effort towards improve- 
ment in any economic direction, the ef- 
fort will be successful. Any spasmodic 
attempt without organization will fail, 
and if apparently successful, the success 
will not be permanent. 

Attention, then, and agitation towards 
organizing the scattered force of the 
workers, so that all may be educated to 
that point where they will see the neces- 
sity of joining and upholding the union 
of their craft; then educate them still 
further until they reach the point where 
they will VOTE away forever the spec- 
ter of no bread and butter. But they 
must be organized! 

Now that the war is over several of 
our battleships are trying the overland 
route to their various destinations. 

The gentlemen who write the pleas- 
antries about prosperity and jobs hunt- 
ing for men, in the capitalistic press, 
were caught napping the morning after 
Christmas. The papers of Chicago on 
that day came out with a statement un- 
der a suitable scare-head and in the news 
columns, which gives the lie direct to 
their continuous braying in the editorial 
columns about the return of prosperity. 

The day before had been made the occa- 
sion by one of the branches of the Sal- 
vation Army of providing a dinner for 
the many who were too poor to provide 
one for themselves. It was while tell- 
ing of this that they involuntarily proved 
the falsity of their editorial claims. This 
is what was said: 

Between 11 o'clock In the morningr and 
nine o'clock at nlsrht 10,000 men and boys 
and about 100 women ate platesful of 
turkey and potatoes and drank cup after 
cup of steaminer hot coffee In the old 
Waverly theater. This is what they ate 
and drank: 

4.500 pounds of meat, chiefly turkey. 

125 bushels of potatoes. 

4.000 loaves of bread. 

1 barrel of gravy. 

2 barrels of cranberry sauce. 
150 gallons of pickles. 

500 gallons of milk. 

150 pounds of Rood coffee. 

In the whole crowd of 10,000 forlorn, 
hungry people the police failed to dis- 
cover a singrle professional crook. After 
the flrst 700, who were mostly from cheap 
lodRingr and barrel houses, had been fed, 

What do you think of that for pros- 
perity? Out of the ten thousand fed, 
nine thousand three hundred were me- 
chanics and laborers out of work! What 
now becomes of the bombastic lies told by 
the servile press which has prostituted 
itself to the demon of self and power? 
What becomes of the declarations of the 
conscienceless brawlers who have with- 
in a month been mouthing in their 
declamations that thrift and progress 
have brought the condition where "em- 
ployment is seeking labor?" What be- 
comes of them? All irrefutably contra- 
dicted by that news item that got into 
the capitalistic press by mistake. 

A young lady was fined lately in Pitts- 
burg for hugging a policeman. The 
Journal is not familiar with the facts in 
the case, but as the lady is described as 
being young and handsome, it is in- 
clined to believe that she must have 
been laboring under temporary mental 
aberration, alcoholic or otherwise, or 
she would not have wasted her hugs 
upon a big red-faced policeman while 
Stuart Reid was going up and down 

uigiiizea oy vjv^v^'pr^LVw 



throughout the city totally unprotected 
from such assaults. If the lady was not 
fullernagoat she deserved her suitance. 

Through the courtesy of one of our 
members in Toledo, O., the Journal got 
a copy of Mr. Samuel M. Jones* mes- 
sage to the citizens of that progressive 
burg. Mr. Jones is mayor. He is called 
the **Golden Rule" mayor, and judging 
from his message he is distinctly en- 
titled to the name. The Journal does 
not know what particular school of poli- 
tics Mr. Jones identifies himself with, 
but if he really means what he says in 
his message — and there is no reason to 
doubt it — ^he is pretty well in line with 
all that trade unionism — in its most ad- 
vanced, newest form — stands for, and in 
accord with all its teachings. 

It would take up too much space to 
reproduce in its entirety this remark- 
able document, but here is a brief sum- 
mary of its progressive recommenda- 

The eetablishment of a city plant for 
the manufacture of fuel ^as. 

The control and operation by the city 
of the electric lighting plant. 

The enactment by the leKislature of 
laws that will ^ve the city such a meas- 
ure of home rule as will enable it to 
"brin^ out the best that Is in its own 

No ^ant or extension of franchise to 
private enterprise without the approval 
of the people. 

The abandonment of the contract sys- 
tem on all public work, such as pavingr, 
sewers, etc. 

The compilation and publication of the 
dty directory by the municipality itself. 

The establishment of kindergartens as 
part of the public school system. 

A larger appropriation for public parks. 

An appropriation for music In the 

The establishment of playgrounds for 
the children. 

The establishment of free public baths. 

In addition to this Mr. Jones is a 
strong advocate of an eight-hour work- 
ing day, and has applied the rule to all 
departments of the city government. 
The police in that city carry canes in- 
stead of clubs, and the mayor speaking 
of this innovation says: "I am sure our 
citizens will notice with pleasure that 
canes have been substituted for clubs in 
the hands of police officers — a change 
that I believe adds very materially to 

both the appearance of the officers and 
the morals of the community. 

He is opposed to the contract system, 
and strongly maintains that it is respon- 
sible for a great deal of the iniquity that 
exists in municipal government. He is 
also opposed to the veto power vested 
in the mayor, and emphasizes that a ref- 
erendum to the people should be sub- 
stituted in its place. 

Common sense seems to guide his ac- 
tions as it did those of the citizens of 
Toledo when they selected him to be 
their mayor, and the Journal congratu- 
lates them, as well as the great state of 
Ohio, on their possession. It now only 
remains for them to vote into reality 
everything that he has placed before 
their notice in the way of theory or sug- 
gestion. Let them do this and other 
cities will arise and do likewise. 

The age in which we work and live 

Has grown iconoclastic—quite. 
And many things that sacred were 

Are knocked higher than a kite. 
The blushing maid at Christmastide 

Of the mistletoe spoke with awe; 
Ne'er thought she that coming time 

In that name would find a flaw. 
But a flaw was found—the name it 

Aye, changed It was with speed; 
Now the mystic berry'd plant is called 

Just common Hobson weed! 

The inaugural address of Mayor John 
Chase, of Haverhill, Mass., was awaited 
with keen interest, especially by those 
who felt that the pillars of civilization 
were being shaken when a man who 
professed the never-to-be-anathema- 
tized-enough doctrines of socialism, was 
elected chief magistrate of a city. How- 
ever, there is nothing startling in his 
recommendations; nothing advocated 
but what was expected by those who 
elected him, and everything strictly in 
line with the demands of science and 
reason when applied, to economic af- 
fairs. Here is what he recommends: 

The passing of an ordinance establish- 
ing the minimum wage for street em- 
ployes at $2 a day for eight hours' work. 

Union wages and conditions to prevail 
in all brick and stone masons' work per- 
formed under the direction of the Street 

All city printing to bear the^union label. 
uigiiizea by VjOOQ IC 



That land suitable for the raising of 
food products be secured, and that such 
of the unemployed as desire be permit- 
ted to use said land, the city to furnish 
proper seeds and tools. 

The enlargement of the fuel yard at 
the city farm to such proportions as will 
permit all who desire to earn by their 
labor such fuel as they may require. 

It is by just such recommendations as 
these, and an honest and earnest desire 
to have them put in practice, that shows 
the man, his cause, the high moral 
standard of his mind, his moral courage, 
his faith, and which will eventually 
usher in the final triumph of social revo- 
lution. As soon as the fact is recog- 
nized that the RIGHT TO WORK is 
inherent, the worker will be well on his 
way to emancipation; and the last prop- 
osition embodied in the above summary 
is along the line that he may earn as 
much as he NEEDS by his labor. If 
he can earn as much fuel as he needs, 
why not all the other necessities? 

It's coming, men; we are making 
haste, and not near so slowly as many 
imagine. So take good heart and do all 
you can to help the cause along. 
Changes are taking place, and rapidly; 
who would have thought a short year 
ago that in the fullness of time a mayor 
should be elected in an American city, 
who would boldly declare that a maxi 
has a right to all that his labor creates! 
That is what that recommendation 

means, and you can't alter it. 

» < 

Although Senator Quay, of Pennsyl- 
vania, has served the country several 
terms, the light of recent developments 
leaves the impression that he has not 
served them in exactly the right place. 

The truism to the effect that the Deity 
helps those who help themselves was 
emphasized by the Duke of Wellington 
— or whoever it was — when he said: 
"Trust in God, boys, and keep your 
powder dry!" Self help is the best help; 
if men would only grasp this truth and 
exercise their energy in their own be- 
half, we would be a great deal nearer the 
millennium that we are at present In- 
stead of helping themselves they very 
often pay for services that could be ren- 

dered equally as well — if not better — by 
their own co-operative effort, and 
thereby lose the very harvest that is 
promised when such hired services arc 
performed. This is true in many in- 
stances, but in no case is it so apparent 
as in the matter of insurance — life and 
otherwise. See the number of compa- 
nies that are in existence; the amount of 
wealth accumulated — and it must all 
come from the workers — the high salar- 
ies of their officers and the general ex- 
travagance that characterizes their every 
movement; note all this, then ask your- 
self why labor, through the trade union, 
does not attend to this itself? Why, la- 
bor puts its savings — for insurance is 
saving — in the keeping of those who use 
it to further their own ends and still 
further exploit its creator? True, these 
savings are perfectly safe if you fulfill 
all the requirements that an insurance 
certificate demands, but the profits are 
enormous. The profits go to those who 
"run" it; if the workers rendered this 
service to themselves they would save 
the profits. Profit is the amount above 
cost that is charged for the service ren- 
dered. The workers could run it at cost 
co-operatively and eliminate profit alto- 

All the great fraternal societies make 
insurance a feature, and find it profitable 
to do so; why then should not the trade 
unions take up this question and 
reap the benefit? Several unions, 
particularly those of the railroad bro- 
therhoods, have insurance departments. 
Each brotherhood maintains a separate 
establishment for the conduct of its in- 
surance, when it could be done for the 
whole union movement by any one of 
them, thus minimizing working ex- 

Trade unionists ought to study this 
question. Its adoption would mean a 
great possibility for doing good. The 
immense wealth that accumulates could 
be used in the interest of labor where at 
present it is used to its detriment. If 
this matter is taken hold of, an actuary 
could be employed who would calculate 
how much it would cost to put it on a 

Digitized by VjOOQiC 



mathematically safe basis, then when in 
possession of this knowledge it would 
be a simple matter to do the rest. Co- 
operation would assure success. 

The Journal is under the impression 
that the State of Iowa has an official 
whose duty it is to see that every in- 
surance company doing business within 
its borders has sufficient property to pay 
all its indebtedness, and who acts as cus- 
todian of the same. If this is so, per- 
haps Brother Conlon or Holder will 
give some information on the subject 
that will be of great benefit. At any 
rate, the question of insurance is one of 
great interest and which contains great 
possibilities for good in the labor move- 
ment, and the Journal would like to 
get an expression of opinion from any 
of its numerous readers who may have 
something to say on the matter. 

There is a movement on foot to abol- 
ish the letter "j" by legislative enact- 
ment. Respectfully referred to Mr. 
Bjornstjerne Bjornson for comment and 

The new eight-hour bill — which is 
identified as H. R. 7,389 — is in danger of 
being smothered if its friends do not 
come to its assistance. Senator Kyle, of 
South Dakota, is the one who made the 
attempt. The bill was on the calendar 
of the senate and might have been 
reached when he asked to have it re- 
committed on the ground that its friends 
wanted to make some alterations and 
amendments. This was untrue, as its 
friends knew nothing about it or of the 
Senator's attempt to murder it. As it 
stands now the bill is back in the hands 
of the committee, where it is likely to 
stay unless an extraordinary eflfort is 
made to save it from death by the 
pigeon-hole process. The only thing to 
save it will be a mighty howl to go up 
from every section of the country to 
have the bill reported without change. 
Everyone ought to write to their sena- 
tors at once DEMANDING the resur- 
rection and passage of the National 
Eight-Hour Bill. 

On the thirteenth of this month the 
council of the American Federation of 
Labor meets in Washington. One of 
the principal things that brings them to- 
gether at this time is a desire to have 
this bill made law. To this end a call 
has been issued to every labor organiza- 
tion to send a representative to Wash- 
ington to join the council. It is to be 
hoped that this call will be responded to 
liberally and a strong delegation formed 
to swoop down on the committee who 
has charge of the bill, and, if needs be, 
go right into the presence of President 
McKinley and inform him what is the 
demand of labor in connection with H. 
R- 7,389- Then it will be seen which is 
the more powerful, the demands of a 
few capitalists, or the demands of or- 
ganized labor. 

At this meeting of the council of the 
American Federation of Labor the 
question of paying our members — and 
other employees of the government 
ship-yards and arsenals — for the over- 
time worked by them during the war 
time rush of last summer, will be taken 
up and pushed for all it is worth. The 
following joint resolution was intro- 
duced by Mr. Burrows, of Michigan, 
and was referred to the Committee on 
Naval Affairs: 

authorizing the Secretary of War to pay 
laborers, workmen, workwomen and 
mechanics at United States arsenals and 
stations fifty per centum additional for 
work performed in excess of eight hours 
per diem. 

Resolved, By the Senate and House of 
Representatives of the United States of 
America in Congress assembled, That the 
Secretary of War be, and he is hereby, 
authorized and directed to pay fifty per 
centum addition for all work in excess of 
eight hours per diem performed by la- 
borers, workmen, workwomen and me- 
chanics whose compensation is fixed 
upon a basis of eight hours per diem, and 
who, between March eighteenth, eighteen 
hundred and ninety-eight, and October 
thirty-first, eighteen hundred and ninety- 
eight, were employed at any United 
States arsenal or station, and who 
worked in excess of eight hours per day 
and have not already received said ad- 
ditional compensation: the amount due 
each laborer, workman, workwoman and 

uigiiizea oy vjv^v/^r^LV^ 




mechanic affected by the above to be 
based upon the time records of the sev- 
eral arsenals or stations where the work 
was performed. 

The same document is used to au- 
thorize the Secretary of the Navy to do 
likewise, and has been presented, so that 
if the council will be successful in one 
case it is likely to succeed in all. 

There is a State's official, a treasurer, 
or something, away down in Tennessee 
who is six feet two inches tall and 
$14,000 short. Thus are things evened 

It costs an average of $2,754 to bury a 
United States senator, but in some cases 
the expense can be cheerfully borne. 
Particularly so if they don't vote for the 
National Eight-Hour Bill. 

In the early part of last month the 
G. M. M. made arrangements to go to 
Washington, D. C, to meet representa- 
tives of the employees of the Southern 
Railroad who were members of our or- 
ganization. The object of the meeting 
was to confer and see if something could 
not be done to straighten out the de- 
mand for an increase in wages that had 
been pending for about three months. 

Brother O'Connell was met by Bro- 
thers C. P. McClurg, of Knoxville, 
Tenn., William Shephard, of Richmond, 
Va., and J. J. McCorrie, of Atlanta, Ga., 
who had been sent to represent these 
different points on the Southern system. 
Immediately upon their arrival at the 
capitol city they sought an interview 
with Mr. Frank S. Gannon, general 
manager of the Southern, whose office 
is in Washington. They were success- 
ful in this and were received very cour- 
teously by Mr. Gannon, who enquired 
what they waited upon him for. The 
object of the visit was stated, and after 
a few preliminaries the subject was gone 
into in detail. 

This meeting lasted until it was time 
to close the office and an appointment 
was made to meet the following morn- 
ing to continue the discussion. At this 
meeting an agreement was reached 

which practically advanced the wages 
over the whole system, increasing them 
to the tune of five per cent, with the 
promise that at an early date, or as soon 
as the road's return would warrant it, 
the other five per cent asked for woujd 
be granted. This will make the ten per 
cent increase that the men had de- 

Though this increase may not appear 
much to the individual, it amounts to 
quite a sum when taken in the aggre- 
gate. The number of men affected at 
the different points is as follows: 

Knoxville, Tenn., 979. 

Atlanta, Ga., 717. 

Salisbury, N. C, 628. 

Richmond, Va., 539. 

Birmingham, Ala., 464. 

Selma, Ala., 307. 

Alexandria, Va., 303. 

Columbia, S. C, 190. 

Louisville, Ky., 75. 

By this it will be seen that over 4,000 
people get an increase which amounts to 
$200,000 per annum, an increase for 
which our organization alone is respon- 
sible. Nor is this all: Mr. Gannon, 
the general manager, never before met 
an official of a labor organization. By 
granting an interview to and discussing 
the situation with our G. M. M., he tac- 
itly admitted the right of the employees 
to organize and to be represented. Be- 
sides this Mr. Gannon assured the com- 
mittee that in future when any grievance 
existed and no satisfaction was to be 
had from their local master mechanic, 
they were to communicate directly with 
him, when he would do all he could to 
adjust matters to the satisfaction of all 
concerned. As a further example of 
his good will and friendliness he pre- 
sented each member of the committee 
with transportation back to his home, 
and instructed him to present his bill 
for transportation to Washington to his 
local master mechanic, when he would 
get what he had paid refunded. 

On the whole — though we did not get 
all we wanted at this time— our organi- 
zation deserves credit for what has been 
won; to its efforts alone is the increase 

uigiiizea by 




due; aii4 this ought to show those who 
are not members the necessity, aye, the 
ihttj^ of every one joining, so that no 
one might say that they are receiving 
benefits for which they have not in any 

way contributed. 


The State of New Jersey is the home 
of the wealthiest trusts in the United 
States. Trusts have been organized 
there whose capital is represented by 
$1,115,950,000, a sum that cannot be re- 
alized in the mind of man, it is so enor- 
mous. Last year. was the banner year 
for new trusts; the capital of all those 
incorporated during the twelve months 
ending December 31st amounted to 
l533,iooiooo, nearly one-half of the en- 
tire capitalization of all trusts incorpor- 
ated since 1882. The list of trusts in- 
corporated here is as follows: 

Name of Co. Certf. Piled. Capital stock. 
Federal Steel Co., Sept. 9. '98.. $200,000,000 
U. a Leather Co., Feb. 25, '93.. 128.000.000 
Am. Sugrar R. Co.. Jan. 10, '91.. 75,000.000 
Continental Tob. Co., Feb. 3, '98 75.000.000 
Nafl Blacult Co., Dec. 10, '98.... 65.000.000 
U. S. Rubber Co., March 30. '92.. 50.000.000 

Marsden Co., 1897 50,000.000 

Am. Tin Plate Co., Dec. 14, '98.. 50.000.000 
Qlu. 8u^. Ref. Co.. Augr. 2, '97.. 40.000.00b 

Am. Tob. Co., Jan. 21. *90 35,000,000 

U. a Corda^ Co. Dec. 26, '93. .. 34.000,000 

Am. Unseed Co., Dec. 5. '98 33,500,000 

Nat. Lead Co., Dec. 8. '91 30,000.000 

Am. Potteries Co., Dec. 15. '98.. 27.000.000 
Standard Distillingr & Distrib- 
uting Co., June 27, '98..., 24,000.000 

Am. Malting Co., Sept. 28, '97... 20,000.000 
Union Typw'r Co., March 29, '98 20.000.000 
Inter-l Silver Co., Nov. 21. '98... 20.000.000 
Farm & D. P. Co., Dec. 21, '97.. 15.000,000 
EL Stor. Bat. Co., June 7, '88. .. 13.500,000 
St Rope & Tw. Co., Nov. 8, '95. 12.000.000 
Am, Thread Co., March 10. '95.. 12.000,000 
Otis Elevator Co., Nov. 28, '98.: 11.000,000 

Stand. Oil Co., Aug. 5, '82 10.000,000 

Com. Tjrpe Bar Co., March 23, '97 10.000,000 
Am. Fisheries Co., Jan. 8. '98... 10.000.000 
Atlantic Snuff Co., Jan. 25, '98.. 10.000,000 
Spirits Dist'g Co.. Feb. 11. '96... 7.350.000 
Am. Cotton Co., March 26. '96... 7,000.000 
Heywood Bros. & Wakefield 

Co., March 18, '97 6.000,000 

Un. Breweries Co., Augr. 9, '98... 5.000.000 
Am. Peganftoid Co., Dec. 17, '97.. 5.000,000 
Stand. Match Co., Jan, 30, '96... 5.000,000 

Total 11,115.950,000 

Besides the fee for filing the certifi- 
cate, the State receives a large sum each 
year as a tax upon the capital stock. 
During 1897 the total tax levied amount- 
ed to $856io6.67. The first of the large 

trusts dates from 1882, when the Stand- 
ard Oil Company was incorporated. 

"Valentines!" the cynic cried, *' Again 
Those contrasts strange pursue me; 

The sentimental make me laugh, 
The comic make me gloomy." 

In order to increase the benefit paid 
to out-of-work members from $60 to $80 
per year the German-American branch 
of the Typographical Union, by a refer- 
endum vote increased the national dues 
of its members from 40c. to 45c. per 
week. This is in addition to all local 
dues and assessments. If some other 
unions would arise and do likewise, it 
wouldn't be an injury of a permanent 

It is not often that the members of 
Bellamy Lodge, in Chicago, do any- 
thing that would smack of a social 
event — in fact, they have never done so 
before — but they have finally made up 
their minds to give a grand ball on the 
seventeenth of this month, and they 
claim it will be a daisy. Herr von Vo- 
gel is very enthusiastic and predicts that 
**you will be up against the real thing" if 
you patronize the first grand ball given 
by the members of No. 208. 

Christ Siefreat, of Cincinnati, is one 
of the most indefatigable men in the 
propagation of unionism that we have in 
our ranks, and one of the most success- 
ful. He is not satisfied with the Queen 
City alone as his field of operations, but 
invades even the capital of his State in 
his eflforts to organize. He is a good 
man. a worker, a hustler, and we ought 
to have more like him. 

Joe Foster, the secretary of No. 55, is 
great on labor saving devices. He has 
been a secretary for nearly ten years in 
our organization, and knows something 
about the labor entailed in carrying that 
title; he has also kept his wits busy in 
scheming how to decrease said [abor — 
and succeeded. Write to him and he 
will put you on. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

uiuUjrt morning, December! 
li,ilcWmpanied by Brother ' 


Warner, of New York, I ar- 
rived in Kansas City to at- 
tend the convention of the A. 
F. of L. In the lobby of the 
Savoy Hotel I found Bro. James 
O'Connell, with other prominent men 
whose fame had reached me, but whom 
I had never had the pleasure of meeting. 
Samuel Gompers, James Duncan, Geo. 
McNeil, the father of the eight-hour 
movement, Lennon, and others were . 
there, and surprised me by the warmthj 
of their greeting. Although we had""^ 
never met, we seemed to be old friends. 
I could not understand it until reference 
was made to our Journal, then I real- 
ized that through the medium of our 
official organ I had made many friends. 
Many tributes were paid to the Journal 
of the machinists and its efficient editor, 
and I soon recognized the fact that the 
International Association of Machinists 
played a very prominent part in the de- 
liberations of the A. F. of L. 

The convention did not open until the 
following morning, but many of the 
delegates were discussing pet theories, 
and conjectures as to results could be 
heard on every side. The reform ele- 
ment were early on the scene, and open- 
ly declared their principles. The pres- 
ent methods of the A. F. of L. were 
condemned in a plain, forcible manner, 
and it soon became evident that a battle 
royal would be fought between the 
friends of the administration and the 
reform party. ^ 

The convention was called to order by I 
President Gompers at lo o'clock prompt 
Monday morning, and after the usual 
preliminaries the delegates got down to 
business. The president's report was 
very elaborate, and some of its proposi- 
tions brought forth heated debate. The 
policy of expansion brought out a dis- 
cussion that lasted for hours. Brilliant 
addresses were made by the one 
FRIEND and the opponents of expan- 
sion. While bitterly opposed to the 
policy of expansion, I could not see the 
policy of wasting so much valuable time 
on such a matter, and am firmly con- 
vinced that the resolution passed by the 

convention condemning the same will 
have but little weight one way or an- 
other. Later on matters of much 
greater importance to labor were hustled 
through in a manner not altogether / 
profitable. , — ' 

During the debate on expansion one 
of the delegates referred to the action 
of the machinists in demanding that all 
work done on warships should be per- 
formed by union men, as favoring an in- • 
crease of the navy, and consequently 
expansion. I was constrained to con- 
tradict the statement, and did so by 
stating that the only action we had taken 
did not favor an increase of the navy, 
but simply demanded the recognition of 
union men on government work. 

Probably the event of the convention 
was the attempt of the reform party, to 
introduce labor politics into the policy 
of the A. F. of L. This was bitterly op- 
posed by the administration, and as bit- 
terly pressed by the reform element. 
The debate was magnificent, and the 
giants of both sides fought like demons. 
The administration and its friends tried 
to show up the reform party as a part 
of the Socialistic Labor Party, and 
tried to show up the failures of that 
party in the past and its present antag- 
onism to the trades union movement. 
The reform element bitterly denounced 
the accusations of the administration as 
untrue, and defied anyone to question 
their integrity to the trades union move- 
ment; they maintained that they did not 
seek to introduce the methods of the S. 
L. P. nor did they seek to enforce its 
policy. McGuire, of the carpenters. 
Lennon, of the sailors, President Gom- 
pers, Lloyd, of the carpenters, the vener- 
able Geo. McNeil, and others, fouglit 
against the resolution of the reform de- 
ment, while Tobin, of the shoemakers, 
Mahon, of the street car men, Carey, of 
the shoemakers. Max Hayes, of the In- 
ternational Typographical Union, my- 
self, and others, fought for the introduc- 
tion of labor politics. The fight waged 
hot and heavy and volleys were poured 
in from both sides. The reform element 
were hopelessly defeated, but took their 
defeat like men, waiting for another op- 
portunity to resume the battle. Presi- 

uigiiizea by 




dent Gompers was very impartial; gave 
each side ample opportunity to discuss 
the matter, and although bitterly op- 
posed to the introduction of socialistic 
features, conducted the debate with 
strict justice to both parties. 

One thing I cannot understand and 
would like to have it explained: The 
administration and its friends are em- 
phatic in their denunciations of any at- 
tempt to recommend to the organiza- 
tions of labor throughout the country a 
policy that will ask them to use their 
vote directly in the interests of labor, 
and give as their reason the assertion 
that they have no right to interfere with 
the political views of the members of 
organized labor. Yet the president of 
the A. F. of L. will make recommenda- 
tions in his report, recommending op- 
position to some measure of one of the 
dominant political parties. Some dele- 
gate will introduce a resolution along 
the same lines, and with a hip hoora 
the delegates of the convention will en- 
dorse his recommendations and the Ex- 
ecutive Council of the A. F. of L.. 
through their labor lobbyists or other- 
wise, are instructed to do their utmost 
to influence the legislature to defeat said 
measure. While it is true that their ac- 
tion may please a portion of labor, it is 
equally true that it may displease an- 
other portion. Is it not true that by ac- 
tions of this nature they are actually 
interfering with the political rights of at 
least a portion of organized labor? 
They claim that the introduction of poli- 
tics will destroy trades unions. They 
antagonize a policy, the introduction of 
which will give organized labor 
throughout the country an incentive and 
an opportunity to discuss subjects of 
political economy. Yet they have the 
audacity — think of it — a few delegates 
in session assembled, not only to dis- 
cuss, but decide what the masses of or- 
ganized labor throughout the country 
want along political lines. If the dele- 
gates assembled in convention can dis- 
cuss politics, and politics of a rotten na- 
ture at that, and not only discuss them, 
but decide on a line of action without 
destroying the organizations they repre- 
sent, it is an insult to the intelligence 
of the membership at large to assert 
that the introduction of pure politics will 
result in destruction. I am firmly con- 
vinced that if the discussion of politics 
is as dangerous as some of our leaders 
would have us believe it is, they had 
better be consistent and eliminate it not 
only from our local unions, but from the 
deliberations of the A. F. of L. With 
all due respect to the ability and intelli- 
gence of the delegates to the A. F. of L. 

I do not believe they have more intelli- 
gence nor ability than the average trades 
unionists, and have no right to tread in 
paths, which they claim will result in 
the destruction of their constituents if 
they attempt to walk in them. 

A resolution to elect the officers of 
the A. F. of L. by the referendum was 
also defeated. 

The fight of our own organization 
against the encroachments of the print- 
ers in the linotype matter was stubborn- 
ly fought by your delegates. We met 
the delegates of the printers before the 
grievance committee, and did our best to 
preserve the interests of the I. A. of M. 
At an earlier date we had presented a 
resolution asking that machinists wher- 
ever employed should be placed under 
the jurisdiction of the I. A. of M. and 
condemning the action of the I. T. U. 
in seeking to bring them into that orga- 
nization. Monday afternoon, December 
19th, the matter was taken up in the 
convention on the presentation of the 
report of the grievance committee. 
Brother O' Council ably represented our 
cause, and gave a graphic description of 
the trouble from its origin to the present 
time. Mr. Donnelly, International 
President of the I. T. U., replied, and 
openly asserted that our members were 
out of place in a printing office, and 
stated that the printers and not the ma- 
chinists had organized the linotype ma- 
chinists. Your humble servant fol- 
lowed, and denied his assertions, and 
drew the attention of the convention to 
the fact that the printers would and 
could not maintain the present rate of 
wages paid, to machinists in printing of- 
fices. Neither Mr. Donnelly nor any 
other printer in the convention denied 
this assertion. I also repudiated the 
statement that the printers had organ- 
ized the linotype machinists, and was 
not contradicted. We asked the con- 
vention to place itself on record as giv- 
ing us jurisdiction over machinists in 
printing offices or wherever employed. 
Several printer delegates took part in 
the discussion and were answered by 
Brother Warner, who showed duplicity 
on the part of the printers in New York 
City. The report of the grievance com- 
mittee was decidedly in our favor, but 
not being emphatic enouurh we fought 
it and sought to have our own resolu- 
tions as printed in last month's Jour- 
nal endorsed. We failed, and wishing 
to place every delegate in the conven- 
tion on record, I demanded a roll call. 
This was denied us. McGuirc, of the 
carpenters, called for the previous ques- 
tion, and shut off all debate before 
O'Connell or any of us could reply to 

uigiiizea by 




some of the assertions of the printers. 
The same gentleman had repeatedly 
taken considerable of the time of the 
convention in very insignificant matters, 
but was discourteous enough to refuse 
us a few minutes on a matter of great 
importance to our organization. It is 
only a matter of time, however, and if, 
as I expect, the matter is not setdcd be- 
fore the next convention of the A. F. of 
L., whoever is selected by the I. A. of 
M. to represent them will have an easy 
task before them. The printers will 
then have no excuse, and the A. F. of L. 
wftK either have to take a decided stand 
rn our favor or change their constitu- 

As I have already stated, insignificant 
matters occupied hours of the conven- 
tion's time and very important matters 
were hustled through. Resolutions in 
favor of Postal Savings Banks, Against 
Government by Injunction; resolutions 
on our own grievances in navy yards, 
etc., as printed last month, were pre- 
sented and passed. Other matters of im- 
portance, but too numerous and lengthy 
to mention, were acted upon and can be 
found in the proceedings of the conven- 

Being assured that the convention 
would adjourn Monday night, I had 
made arrangements to address mass 
meetings in Springfield and Sedalia, 
Mo. As our brothers in those cities 
had made elaborate preparations for 
meetings, I was compelled to leave the 

convention Tuesday morning at lO 
o'clock, a few hoars before>it aiiiotuiicsd. 

The meeting in SpriagfieM was a bfeB'- 
liant success. Our brothers nMt laeat. 
the train and I never saw a more disap- 
pointed looking lot of boys in my life. 
They thought something was^the matter 
with me, but were treated to a plcasaqt 
disappointment later on. A large hall 
was packed with workmen. Sweet mu- 
sic was in evidence, and the odor of 
fragrant Havanas filled the hall. A de- 
lightful evening was spent, and several 
applications received. 

On Wednesday morning I left 
Springfield for Sedalia. The towns are 
only a short distance apart, but I trav- 
eled from 9 a. m. to 8:35 p. m. to reach 
Sedalia, and arrived there in the middle 
of a terrific rain storm. The hall was 
well filled, however, and several appli- 
cations were gained. 

I wish at this time to thank our bro- 
thers in both places for their kindness to 
me, and the valuable services rendered 
by them to our organization. 

On Friday morning I arrived in Chi- 
cago a total wreck physically, and paid 
my respects to Generals Wilson and 
Preston. The same evening, accompa- 
nied by Brother O'Connell, who was on 
his way to Oil City, I left Chicago, and 
reached Toledo Saturday morning 
ready for a rest 

In some future issue of the Journal I 
may have something else to say about 
the American Federation of Labor. 


Wen you see a man In woe, 
Walk right up and say ''Hullo!" 
Say "hullo," an* "how d'ye do!" 
"How's the world a-usln' you?" 
Slap the fellow on the back, 
Bring: your han* down with a whack; 
Waltz rigrht up, and don't ro slow; 
Grin an* shake, an' say "hullo!" 

Is he clothed In raf?s? O, sho! 
Walk rlgrht up an* say "hullo!" 
Rags is but a cotton roll, 
Jest for wrappln* up a soul; 
An' a soul Is worth a true 
Hale an* hearty "how d'ye do!" 
Don't wait for the crowd to go, 
Walk right up an* say "hullo!" 

Wen big vessels meet, they say, 
They saloot an' sail away. 
Jest the same as you an' me, 
Lonesome ships upon the sea; 
Each one sailing his own Jog 
For a port beyond the fog. 
Let your speakin' trumpet blow; 
Lift your horn an* cry "hullo!" 

Say "hullo," an' "how d'ye do!" 

Other folks are good as you. 

Wen you leave your house of clay, 

Wanderin' In the Far-Away, 

Wen you travel through the strange 

Country t'other side the range. 

Then the souls you've cheered will know 

Who you be, an' say "hullo!" 

—Sam Walter Foss. 

uigiiizea by 



By J06K GR08. 

NLY a few days ago, towards 
the end of our previous De- 
cember, 1898, we write on 
January, 1899, and while tak- 
ing a long walk along a coun- 
try solitude (the writer is 
considerably of a tramp) we met an- 
other tramp. We meet tramps very oft- 
en, as often as we try to revel in the 
beauties of nature. They generally be- 
long to that drooping, dejected, discon- 
solate, aimless type that one can recog- 
nize about half a mile oflf. When they 
come near us our soul invariably rises 
in anger and wrath against the civiliza- 
tion which produces such men. We have 
seen a great deal of what we call in- 
ferior civilizations. They don't produce 
that repulsive type of human degrada- 
tion. It takes civilizations boasting of 
great virtues to produce the unclean, 
bestial tra1^p. Is it his fault that he has 
fallen so low? "Gf course not, much less 
when that human species of men has be- 
come a feature over most of the roads 
in a nation that spreads itself through 
3,000,000 square miles, without counting 
Alaska. In the eyes of the All High, 
the social organization is responsible for 
all the evils that she fails to suppress, 
no matter what our virtuous, holy peo- 
ple may say to the contrary. 

Of course that we have at least two 
kinds of tramps. We have at least two 
kinds of everything under the sun. The 
man who has only tramped for a few 
weeks shall be cleaner and more manly 
than the one who has tramped for sev- 
eral months. All evils are bound to 
grow, if not suppressed. The tramp we 
met in that walk of ours above men- 
tioned was a fine man, an intelligent- 
looking fellow, neatly dressed, with a 
sound, healthy voice and the manners 
of a gentleman. After the usual salu- 
tations he asked us if we could spare 
three cents for a paper of tobacco. If 
he had asked for something with which 
to make a meal, we would have handed 
him 10 cents. As it was, we excused 
ourselves, and he accepted our excuse as 

That little episode brought to our 
mind a stream of thoughts, invited no 
doubt by the contrast between the di- 
rect vision of this planet of ours, so vast 
and rich, and a fellow being, a brother 
of ours in the mind of God, whose body 
was yet healthy but whose mind was 
already on the line of decay. He could 
not see anything out of the way in his 
need for a paper of tobacco with which 
to narcotize his brains and poison his 
system. Much less could he see anything 
out of the way in not even having three 
cents in his pocket, and to ask for them 
was not in the least humiliating or pain- 
ful to him. The latter point may be 
partially accounted by the insignificance 
of the petition and the exuberance of 
a body yet full of health and strength. 
In that point he was not any worse and 
not even one per cent as bad as the big 
top fellows with piles of wealth who are 
constantly begging for new franchises 
from our legislative bodies with which 
to place new burdens on the backs of 
the working masses, who seem to be 
able and rather glad to stand all kinds 
of burdens grievous to bear if only le- 
galized by any of our blessed legisla- 
tive bodies in the city. State or nation. 
What would be the use of progress and 
civilization if we could .not enrich 
groups of men through robbery pro- 
cesses in legislation? It takes a group 
of savages not to have a legislative body 
giving^ to some the power to rob the 
rest. Has civilization ever meant yet 
anything but oppression? 

One of the most prominent thoughts 
that came to us, in connection with our 
gentlemanly-looking tramp was that 
some times deterioration commences in 
the living fibres of the body to gradually 
rise up and take possession of the mind, 
while at other times it commences with 
the mind and may or may not take pos- 
session of our boidily structure. L6t us 
see if we can illustrate this. 

We have two types of wealthy people. 
One is crazy after wealth for the pur- 
pose of self-indulgence in all forms, 
crude and refined, sanitary or not, more 
or less wrong fundamentally or inci- 
dentally. The other is only crazy after 
wealth for self-indulgence of the least 

uigiiizea by 




. objectionable kind, humanly speaking. 

/The former class are apt to deteriorate 
in body and mind. The latter class may 
only deteriorate in a spiritual sense, or 
in those faculties which appertain to the 
ethical order. In that case they shall 
preserve their physical health and even 
a cl^ar mind in all relations to the ma- 

. terial world for success in wealth com- 
binations or terrestrial ambitions. Taken 
all in all, the latter class is the most 
fatal to the general good of nations, the 
one that most completely controls so- 
ciety for the f)erpetuation of all ^vil. 
Do you know why? Because success in 
evil requires a clear mind and a healthy 
body, just as much as success in good 
requires a healthy body and a mind not 
only clear but healthy, spiritual and 
ethical in the highest sense. We think 
we have made the point sufficiently clear 
to the average intelligent reader. 

Apply now a similar course of reason- 
ing to the mass of people who have to 
go through life with the use of self-de- 
nial, in forms light or acute, and not 
with that of self-indulgence as the types 
of our previous paragraph. Even the 
people forced to greater or less self-de- 
nial in the general aspects of life, even 
they can drop into petty habits of self- 
indulgence. If the latter tendency takes 
the best of their will power, down they 
go, from mind to body or from body to 
mind, according to incidents and de- 
grees which it would be too long for us 
to trace, but which each reader can no 
doubt reason out by his own observa- 
tion of himself or friends. 

Here comes the grand ensemble of 
social development as a powerful ele- 
ment to drive the masses of the people 
into habits of self-indulgence, by which 
habits they are forced to contract, limit, 
curtail their exoenses in actual sanitary 
needs. This tendency increases in pro- 
portion as the people notice the self- 
indulgence of their betters, the wealthy 
classes. Why should not the poor and 
ignorant imitate those who pose as the 
choice of the lot, as the elect, as the 
cream of nations? Only those who, like 
the writer, have had the opportunity to 
travel through the inferior nations and 
the superior ones, can notice, if they 
want to, that in the former there is less 
self-indulgence among the poor because 
less of it among the rich, while great 
self-indulgence among the wealthy in 
superior nations brings an increase of 
the same article among the poor of the 
superior races. The thinqr is inevitable, 
because like begets like in the physical 
and moral order. That fact is connected 
with less intensity of monopoly contri- 
vances among inferior races than with 

the superior ones. The natural result is 
less injustice in the distribution of 
wealth among the Turks, for instance,, 
or any group of savages, than among 
the finished, refined, highly civilized na- 
tioijs. That applies to our historical 
period as it has applied to all previous 
ones. That gives us the key mto the 
phenomena by which the superior races 
de3lay and have to be refreshed, revital- 
ized with the inferior ones. This nation 
would have perished long ago if left 
alone to the superior men who landed 
here about 280 years since, and so if we 
had not been constantly refreshed with 
the inferior classes of the nations 
abroad. As it is, can we give proof that 
we have not already generated many 
evils that may prove fatal? ' 

What we, in our self-conceit, call in- 
ferior nations or classes are apt to be, 
in their grand totality, less greedy than 
the superior ones, and more stupid, if 
you like, in that proeress which is meas- 
ured by wealth accumulation and all 
other materialistic ideals, while they 
possess a more solid physical stamina, 
because of less self-indulgence, that we 
superior classes or nations. And so it 
is that God has some chances, reverent- 
ly speaking, of preventing the destruc- 
tion of humanity by self-indulgence and 
greed, as well as by physical decay. And 
so it is that the race at large is griven 
some time for us to repent and establish 
righteousness on earth. It is the infe- 
rior nations and classes that will do 
that, in the long run, because, you 
know, "what is highly esteemed among 
men is abomination in the eyes of God." 

Morristown, N. J., Jan. 2, 1899. 




In a small, meagerly furnished room 
in a tenement in the metropolis, a wom- 
an is working by lamp-light. It is mid- 
night, but her busy hands keep steadily 
at her task. Upon the bed is stretched 
the emaciated form of a man wasted with 
sickness. He moans, and dropping her 
work she hastens to the bedside. 

**Are you in pain, John?" she asks. 

Raising his sunken eyes to hers, he 

"No, Janet, the pain has gone, but I 
know all will soon be over. I am think- 
ing of what will become of you when I 
am gone. I have done my best to pro- 
vide for this event, but although I have 
worked hard all my life I will die in 
poverty, and you will be left penniless. 
I have done everything I could to save 

uigiiizea oy ^ 




money. Aye, I have even betrayed my 
fellow workmen in the attempt, but in 
spite of all my treachery in the interest 
of my employer he has deserted me, and 
allows me to die in misery and poverty. 
Janet, I have done one man an injury 
that can never be undone, and now, with 
death staring me in the face, tortured 
*ith remorse, I would willingly give my 
life if by so doing I could undo my evil 

His wife looks at him with pitying 
eyes, and placing her hand on his head, 

•John, don't worry; if you have done 
wrong you can't help it now. Iry and 
rest, you will never get well again, if 
you don't.'* 

The dying man feebly shakes his 

"I can't forget, I can't rest," he says; 

I must tell some one before I die. 
Jaaet, I have done a noble man a 
wrong. I swore falsely against Tom 
Scott, and he was sent to prison. I 
went to work for Dacre when the boys 
were on strike. They pleaded with me 
not to work, and when I refused to come 
out they called me a scab. I got mad, 
and swore I would pay them back; so 
when the foreman asked me to help the 
company to get Tom out of the way I 
consented. The shop was running over- 
time, and it was arranged that two of 
the detectives would take me home. We 
knew about where we would meet him, 
and we waited until he came along. I 
spoke to him, and called hfm hard 
names, and when he resented the de- 
tectives clubbed him. The police came 
ilong, and thev said Tom, with some of 
the other boys, had tried to assault me 
on my way home. In court I swore to 
the truth of what they said, and he was 
^t to prison. The company promised 
roe a good steady job at good wages if 
I would do it. I believed them, but 
when I got sick, they sent my wages 
and told me they didn't need me any 
more. I worked for them faithfully and 
sacrificed even my manhood in their in- 
terest, and now they don't care whether 
I live or die. I am hated by the boys 
and despised by the company. Janet, I 
have been a traitor, and I am paying 
the penalty." 

His wife gives him his medicine and 
he becomes drowsy, and finally falls in- 
to a troubled sleep. Poor woman, with 
a breaking heart she resumes her work. 
a portion of a woman's garment she 
has been given to make by a dressmak- 
ing esublishment. For weeks she has 
worked night and day to orovide food 
and shelter for herself and her dying 
hnsband. Portions of the furniture have 

been sold to add to her inadequate earn- 
ings, but all attempts to restore him to 
health have failed. Choking with sobs, 
she continues working so that on the 
morrow food and medicine may be pro- 
cured. Slowly the night wears on. The 
garment must be finished before morn- 
ing else she will be penniless, and the 
customer is importuning its delivery. 
The breathing of the invalid grows 
weaker and weaker, until* it ceases. Her 
work is finished, and laying it carefully 
aside she prepares herself for rest. She 
lays her hand upon his forehead. It is 
cold and clammy. She looks into his 
face — it is the face of the dead! 

With a shriek of horror, she falls 
fainting upon the floor. He was a 
traitor, and he had paid the penaltv. 
Poor fool ; like many others, he had be- 
come the tool of a grasping capitalist. 
Flattered and cajoled, he had bartered 
his manhood for a mess of pottage, only 
to find the pottage bitter and uneatable. 
He had served his master well, but the 
object of that master once gained he 
had been thrown aside like a cast-oflF 

Only another example of the fate of 
the traitor. Only another example of 
the gratitude of the capitalist to his dis- 
reputable confederate. History has re- 
peated itself. Driven out by his erst- 
while friend, he becomes a fugitive. 
Hated and despised by his fellow work- 
men ; ignored by the capitalist until an- 
other occasion arises wnen he may be 
again used to help crush his oppressed 
brethren, he either becomes a stench in 
the nostrils of honest men or passes in- 
to the unknown regions tortured by 
hellish remorse and the curses of help- 
less women and children; tortured and 
starved by assistance rendered by him to 
unjust capitalists ringing in his ears! 


Strains of sublime music, the creation 
of Beethoven, rise and fall, filling the 
souls of the patrons of the grand opera 
house with heaven-born emotions. The 
aristocracy of the Great Republic, re- 
splendent with jewels and the creations 
of Worth, grace the boxes. Mildred 
Dacre, the wife of the Hon. Philip 
Dacre, with a fretful, discontented look 
upon her face, is present. The heavenly 
music has failed to remove it. Mildred 
has been illtreated. She has been com- 
pelled to wear a dress which she has 
worn on another occasion, because a 
woman of the proletariates, weakened by 
insufficient nourishment, and driven to 
distraction by the loss of a husband, has 
failed to accomplish her task. Heinous 

uigiiizea oy vjv_/vJ' 




indeed is the crime that has compelled 
the beautiful Mildred to wear a garment 
twice. By her side sits her patriotic 
husband, his face showing an expression 
of self-conscious superiority. The Hon. 
Philip has been relieved by the adjourn- 
ment of congress from the exhausting 
duties of the law-maker. Despite his 
promises to his constituents, he has as- 
sisted in legislation deroaratory to their 
interests, and smiles complacently when 
reminded of it. 

He is doing his uftnost to raise the 
cloud from his fair wife's brow, but all 
to no purpose. She has lost all interest 
in the performance, and before it is half 
throogn the carriage is ordered and she 
is driven home. 

Poor, abused Mildred, she is not even 
allowed to nurse her injury in solitude. 
A servant announces a visitor. A wom- 
an who wishes to see her, and refuses to 
go away without doing so. Mildred is 
unwilling to see her, but the persistent 
appeals of the intruder become so an- 
noying she at last consents, and de- 
scends to the sitting room to interview 
the annoyer. 

She sees a pale, drooping woman, 
whose working features betoken ex- 
treme agony. A touching appeal for 
aid is poured into her unwilling ear. 
The unfortunate creature's husband ha<i 
died, and with tears streaming down her 
face she pleads for money to bury him 
decently. Mildred refuses to render aid, 
and wants to know why she is appealed 
to. Trembling with emotion, the ua- 
fortunate woman tells how her husband 
has worked for the Dacre Manufactur- 
ing Company, and had worked hard for 
its interests. 

*'Mr. Dacre promised to take care of 
him," she says, "but my poor John was 
taken sick and couldn't work any more. 
He lost his position, and I have worked 
night and day to keep the wolf from the 
door. He died last night, and I haven't 
got any money to bury him. I can't bear 
the idea of having him buried in the 
Potters' Field, and believing you were a 
kind lady and could afford it, I made up 
my mind to come and ask you to help 
me. John got the ill-will of the neigh- 
bors because he worked for your hus- 
band when the men went on strike. 
They call him a scab and won't help 
me. John helped Mr. Dacre, and all the 
working people hate him for it. I don't 
know any other lady who will help me, 
and I have come to you. John helped 
Mr. Dacre, and you should help me. 
Don't refuse me, lady, for I am help- 
The beautiful Mildred — beautiful in 

face and form, but sadly lacking in beau- 
ty of soul — looks with contempt on the 
pleading woman, and refuses aid. 

'*Go to the authorities," she says; "if 
you haven't got any money, the city will 
bury your husband. Why. do you come 
to me? I have nothing to do with your 

Janet's face pales. With flashing eyes 
she turns on her more fortunate sister. 

** 'Nothing to do with my trouble,' did 
you say? You and your husband have 
everything to do with it My husband 
gave up friendship, honor and every- 
thing else for you and yours. He faced 
the hatred and contempt of his fellow 
workers, and stood by your husband 
against them. He served your husband 
well, and now you say you have noth- 
ing to do with my trouble and refuse to 
help me. Would to God John had been 
as faithful to his fellow workers as he 
has been to your husband. If he had, I 
would not be here to-night pleading for 
charity. They are poor; they have a hard 
time to make ends meet, but they would 
have shared their scanty means with me 
in my trouble." 

Poor Janet breaks down, and, weep- 
ing hysterically, hurries from the room. 
Horrified and insulted, Mildred sinks 
into a chair and tries to collect her scat- 
tered senses. 

"Dear me," she says, "what a terrible 
woman. Pshaw! they are all alike. 
That creature didn't g:et my dress done 
to-day. They are a discontented lot of 
people. They spend their money ex- 
travagantly, and then expect us to help 

Mildred goes to her room. Her maid 
divests her of her jewelry, and she re- 
tires to rest. Meanwhile her husband, 
the Hon. Philip, is at his club, smoking 
fragrant cigars and drinking costly- 
wines. He is surrounded by admirers, 
and is being congratulated on his magf- 
niBcent work in their behalf in congress. 
The demands of the poor fools who sent 
him are derided and a brilliant career 
promised him if he continues the policy- 
he has so well begun. A game of cards 
is suggested, and the party sit down to 
the game. Bets are made, and in a few 
minutes large sums of money change 
hands. The Hon. Philip is a loser, and 
in a frivolous, reckless manner drops 
hundreds of dollars earned, not by him- 
self, but by the unfortunates working in 
his manufactory. If he loses too much, 
the condition of business will make it 
necessary to reduce wages, and the 
workmen will pay for the gambling^ 
losses of the Hon. Philip. He has noth- 
ing to spare for the widow of the unfor- 

Digitized by 




tunate man who became a traitor to 
serve him, but can afford to waste hun- 
dreds at the gambling table.. 

Enjoy. yourself whUc you may, Philip 
Dacrc! Sip the honey while you can, 
for a day is coming when gall and bit- 
terness will be your portion! Heap in- 
dignities on your victims, and laugh 
in scorn at their appeals. The hour of 
your calamity approaches! Insulted, 
outraged labor will tear you from your 
pedestal and consign you to ignominy, 
and over the ruins of your class will 
rise a form of government that will leg- 
islate, not for the classes, but for the 

Kansas City, Mo., Dec. i6, 1898. 


BY B. M. HIIX, M. D. 

In this broad expanse of hovels, 
skunk-holes, mud deserts, filthy alleys, 
carrion deposits and waste of the retro- 
grade metamorphosis; hungry, ill -shel- 
tered, freezing, degraded, debauched, 
debased, despised, uncivilized civilians, 
inhumanized humans, breathing, belch- 
ing, vomiting contagion and pollution; 
sky-scraping office buildings, cathedrals, 
trust and corporation palaces; beautiful, 
broad, clean boulevards and drives, on 
which roll grandly magnificent, envy- 
inspiring equipages, loaded with pork- 
packers, street-car magnates, bargain- 
counter princes, sweat-shop kings, — 
what need to go on? Two words will ex- 
press all: Highway robbers! The direct 
outgrowth of special and class legisla- 
tion made for and bv themselves. 

In this new Babylon of the West, — 
Chicago, — there are four-legged dogs 
that bay the moon, and their discourse 
so long, loud and monotonous, is trans- 
lated into readable matter by bipeds who 
are their superiors as linguists, but by 
the sacrifice of many a dog-virtue and 
many a dog-characteristic, still the dog's 

These new and modern innovations 
and additions to the animal kingdom, 
whom to classify under the generic term 
as dogs would be to cast an unjust, un- 
kind and pusillanimous reflection upon 
the canine horde uncalled for and unpro- 
voked. I will therefore give them the 
name they have made the insignia of 
all that is low, base, vile, shameful, con- 
temptible, and other things too unseem- 
ly to even hint at here, — ^'Chicago daily 
paper editors." These bipeds translate 
the doggerel of their four-legged superi- 
ors, and each morning Chicago's beasts 
of burden, demons, vampires, ladies, 
gentlemen and saints, get it along with 

their carrion, brimstone, vicarious lac- 
tate, vegetable, cereal, ethereal and 
spiritual food as editorials. Chicago edi- 
tors,— exceeding small in littleness,-^ 
arc extremely large in bellyness. Their 
capacity for restoratives of beastliness 
I can only liken in size to a corn crib 
one sometimes sees on the Western 
prairies which has the boundaries of our 
globe. I here allude to the habit which 
prevails in the West of piling corn on 
the ground without shelter or protec- 

These editors have the instinct to be- 
lieve that ministers who preach in fine, 
fraud and elaborately decorated cdi- 
ces, surrounded by beauty, luxury, 
ease, soul-inspiring, melodious music 
and money-changers, teaching not that 
which Christ taught, humble, meek and 
lowly, — not as was Christ, — but arro- 
gant, haughty, with great rolls of pcdi- 
culus adiposus pushing out their 
waistbands almost to the point of burst- 
ing, sacrificing not as Christ sacrificed, 
— self for others, putting out a helping 
hand not as Christ did to raise the child 
of God that crawleth because too weak 
to walk; with pig-eyes greedy, glutin- 
ous, sensuous, passionate, animal dispo- 
sitions; standing behind their pulpits as 
living, breathing examples of all that 
Christ was not; doing directly and ex- 
actly the opposite in nearly every partic- 
ular to that which Christ did; attacking 
the product of evil rather than the evil 
itself, the victim of society instead of 
society, — in short, symptoms of disease 
instead of the disease. Entertaining from 
their pulpits demons and monsters who 
rob by wholesale widows, helpless crip- 
ples And unborn babes, not to mention 
the thousands of living ones whose 
mighty struggle with the human vam- 
pires, now shielded by the cloak of re- 
ligion, brings many to an untimely 

Teaching from their pulpits that th.e 
inhuman brute of materialism, who in- 
vites them to his banquets, where they 
are petted, toasted, feasted and wallow- 
ed in the slime of degenerate manhood, 
until they become worse than the lowest 
form of earthly, animal matter, filled to 
overflowing with self and self-gratifica- 
tion; blind to all teachings of righteous- 
ness, ready to enter their pulpits and do 
filthy deeds after dirty ones. Declaring 
in stentorian tones "that the rich cannot 
do wrong, cannot be corrupt, cannot be 
other than virtuous, angelical and God- 
like; therefore those who stand in the 
way of their self-aggrandizement, lauda- 
tion and worship must positively and 
certainly go down in destruction before 
a wrathful, all-avenging God to the 


uigiiizea oy ■" 



everlasting torment of the darkest, 
crudest, hottest depth of hell." 

**Dense and gross is the ignorance in- 
deed of this class'* (the class that op- 
poses the inroads of the rich against 
their rights), said a member of this 
ministerial horde of swine, the holy of 
holies, who after several months of such 
blasph^emy suddenly found his church 
depleted of its congregation. 

When preaching to empty pews be- 
came so irksome and altogether unprof- 
itable that, provender running low arid 
meals exceedingly few and far between, 
with very few banker banquets going 
on, when, I take it, he must have heard 
and how like music it must have seemed 
to his educated, refined and delicate 
aural sense, there was plenty of beans 
and pork in a certain metropolis, not in 
the West. At any rate, he departed for 
the land of beans and pork, bag and 
baggage, and we are rid of him for 
good, I hope, but could have been 
doubly blest by his taking the stink he 
left with Chicago editors, and which we 
get weekly, thanks to these devout, 
purified and sanctified editors, whom, 
as I started to say, have the instinct to 
believe in and push to the front the 
teachings of these sacrilegious hypo- 

I can forgive or at least overlook the 
kindly, solicitous disposition that minis- 
ters show to assist human beings into a 
warm place, the name of which com- 
mences with a big H, but I cannot for- 
give or overlook the part Chicago edi- 
tors are playing. Yes, I can, too, if I 
but remember that we have men no 
longer writing editorials for Chicago's 

Time was when editors were men with 
backbone, honor, honesty and virtue as 
characteristics of their — past tense — no- 
ble calling, but to what depth has the 
position now sunk? Well, there is no 
lever sufficiently low known to men to 
which I can liken it. Suffice it to say 
that a night of eating, drinking and rev- 
elry with an ostracized creation of so- 
ciety will compensate many among 
them for the commission of crimes men 
would never stoop to do. 

These Chicago editors have an insati- 
able desire to direct the affairs of city, 
county. State and nation. To this end 
they all line up on the side of that par- 
ticular breed of politicians who come 
down most handsomely with the "long 
green." By no means would I lead any 
innocent and credulous reader to believe 
that the price for which the Chicago 
editor sells himself is a dear one. No, 
indeed; no work is too vile for them 
to perform if they can get but to smell 

the breath of a Yerkes, a Rockefeller, 
or a Marshall Field. This privilege be- 
ing denied tbem, however, there is no 
cursed, heinous crime they will hesitate 
to execute, unless they be held in check 
by the fear of turning against them the 
power called money, they know so well. 

We have two men on whom they vent 
their spleen and drop their spittle and 
rays of green light dart from their ser- 
pentine orbs, while they hiss, writhe, 
distort, strike and bite themselves as 
they note any advantage either of these 
two men have over them or are likely to 

Why all this abuse? Why all this per- 
secution? This continual hounding and 
these innumerable unprovoked attacks 
that are heaped upon Altgeld and Tan- 

To my mind there is but one reason, 
namely, both have defied them, both 
have persisted in doing the work the 
people elected them to do without being 
dictated to by Chicago's daily paper 
editors; both have evidently neglected 
to buy them off; both have done some 
deeds that cannot but be considered by 
a divine being good and humane; both 
have stood out boldly against the 
usurpation by corporations, trusts and 
millionaires of the right to destroy hu- 
man life. 

For the above reasons Altgeld was 
defeated in 1896 and Tanner was elected. 
For these reasons Altgeld has been 
hounded and annoyed until no less a 
man than he would have landed in an 
asylum incurably insane. 

Tanner, who has done, in so far as 
Chicago editors are concerned, as mucli 
as did Altgeld, has received little more 
justice at their grab hooks. However, 
much as they condemned him and how- 
ever much of wrong he may have com- 
mitted, I think I am safe in saying that 
a great deal, if not all, the evil he has 
done will be forgiven for the part he 
took in the recent miners* strike, and 
when I see in every paper the contempt- 
ible attacks made upon him, I wonder 
he does not get a gun and go, out in 
war paint. 

Surely some check should be placed 
upon these editors for the good of the 
body politic, for they are become such 
a menace to reason, justice, liberty, and 
such a power that to throw them from 
their pedestals even now will take time, 
which is so greatly needed by the wheels 
of progress. Still it must be done soon- 
er or later, and men be placed in the 
positions now occupied by Chicago 
daily paper editors. 

Chicago, December, 1898. 

uigitizea oy ■" 






This is an age of invention. Machin- 
ery has made its inroads into every 
trade, and on all sides is rapidly displac- 
ing hand labor; as a natural result the 
skilled artisan is being forced into the 
ranks of the unemployed, whilst his 
place in the workshop is being taken by 
unskilled boy and female labor. 

The London Society of Compositors 
is greatly agitated by the fact that their 
domains, not so very long ago consid- 
ered impregnable, are being invaded by 
the all-powerful machine. At one time 
it was the proud boast of the composi- 
tor that however machinery might ajd- 
vance in other directions, the compps- 
ing-room could never be affected by^it; 
but now he has found out his mistake, 
and even the most optimistic composi- 
tor admits that before long the art of 
type-setting by hand will be a thing of 
the past, and despite all their efforts to 
keep the society going it will soon be 
overtaken by the same fate which befell 
the old pressmen on the invention of 
Koenig's steam printing machine, for 
to-day the different composing machines 
arc rapidly introduced into the larger 
newspaper offices, and before long, in 
consequence of the keen competition 
existing in the trade, they are bound to 
be introduced into every printing office, 
large or small. The result will be that 
thousands of compositors will be 
thrown out of employment. All these 
machines do the work of several men, 
and furthermore the type-founders, a 
large body of men, are already begin- 
ning to complain and will eventually 
also be thrown out of employment. 

In the press-room the same thing is 
going on continually; quicker machin- 
ery is displacing a great number of the 
machine-men, and quite recently an ap- 
paratus has been devised of which the' 
sheets are laid into the "flat" machines 
automatically, entirely dispensing with 
the services of the feeder. The news- 
paper offices need no feeders after the 
introduction of the "rotary" machine, 
which prints, cuts, counts into quires 
and pastes, and pastes in an extra sup- 
plement if required, at the rate of from 
12,000 to 48,000 copies an hour from a 
continuous roll of paper, each machine 
being attended by only two men and a 
boy. Compare this with the hand-press 
in use about sixty years ago, which 
turned off, with the united efforts of two 
men, 250 copies an hour, printed on one 
side only (the modern machine prints 
both sides at one operation), and some 
idea of the development of machinery 

may be gained. Of course, I know full 
well that it is often argued that as com- 
modities such as newspapers and books 
are produced quicker, and consequently 
cheaper, the demand proportionately in- 
creases; but there must be a limit to the 
demand, and judging by the number of 
journals that are promoted to-day and 
fail for want of subscribers, we can well 
assume that the limit is almost reached, 
whereas the limit of machine improve- 
ment shows no signs of ever being at- 
tained. Therefore every additional im- 
provement in machinery under the pres- 
ent system of society must result in ad- 
ditional misery for the working class. 

Not alone in the printing trade has 
the introduction of machinery provec! 
harmful to the workers. Hardly an in- 
dustry can be mentioned to-day in 
which hand-labor has not been displaced 
by machinery, to the detriment of the 

Take the boot-trade as another ex- 
ample. Here, again, machinery has been 
introduced to such an extent that the 
manufacture of hand-made boots has al- 
most died out; the leather is cut by ma- 
chines attended by unskilled boys, sewn 
by machinery and even lasted by ma- 
chine, one having been invented lately 
which displaces fifteen quick workmen 
for every machine in use, the nails ac- 
tually being drawn to the boot by means 
of a powerful magnet, — an example of 
the way in which modern science is 
coming to the aid of capitalists. To see 
the effects of these machines one has 
only to pay a visit to any center of the 
boot-trade, where the poverty-stricken 
condition of the workers shows it only 
too plainly. 

What is the use of the workers talk- 
ing about combining with the old Trade 
Union idea when they have such terrible 
odds to face? What is the use of going 
on strike for a higher wage or shorter 
hours when the capitalist has only to in- 
troduce a new machine in order to ren- 
der all their efforts futile? 

Sawing, planing, joinery-work, mow- 
ing, plowing, reaping, threshing, sow- 
ing, tailoring, spinning, weaving, can- 
dle-making, soap-making, dairy-work, 
paper-making, and in fact one might al- 
most say everything, is now done by 
machinery. Everyone will remember 
how, after the gas-stokers' strike, the au- 
tomatic stoker was introduced at the 
South London Gasworks, with the usual 
result. Outside the gasworks, on the 
coal barges, two-thirds of the manual 
labor formerly employed is now dis- 
pensed with by means of the "grab." 
Twenty-five years ago, in the docks, 
when little or no machinery was in use, 

uigiiized by 




It took nearly three weeks to unload an 
Australian liner; at the present time it 
can be done in three days. And, not- 
withstanding the gallant struggle of the 
dockers in the late strike, they are prac- 
tically worse off to-day than they were 
ten years ago. Although their wag^s 
have been increased, their work has 
been rendered more precarious, owing 
to the introduction of improved cranes, 
etc. Passing the other day near the 
extension works of the Midland Rail- 
way Goods depot at St. Pancras, I be- 
held a group of unemployed laborers 
watching the steam excavator at work 
digging out the earth and carrying it a 
carload at a time to the carts as fast 
as the carmen could bring them into 
position. Close by another machine was 
grinding mortar, whilst all around 
steam traveling cranes were swinging 
their burdens mid-air and shooting 
them out in the required places. It 
should have served as a useful object 
lesson to the men, but they did not seem 
to profit by it. 

Where will this lead us to? Will it go 
on until the greater part of the working 
class are absolutely starving, as they 
are in some rural districts where steam 
has displaced many farm hands? To me 
this seems not only possible, but highly 
probable. The Trade Unions are abso- 
lutely powerless to deal with the mat- 
ter, and they will be forced to stand 
helplessly by, clinging to their antiquat- 
ed rules and by-laws. w^hile their members 
are idle and starving; for the unions 
there is no hope, unless they strike at 
the cause of the evil. The machines 
must conquer, while the thinking work- 
man stands by, appalled at the Franken- 
stein he and his class have helped to 

Then must it be said that the ma- 
chine, instead of being the slave of man, 
is master, while man has become a mere 
machine-tender, and considers himself 
lucky that he is even able to become 
that? Yes, if the present state of society 
is to last. 

But machinery should come as a 
blessing, not as a curse. Machinery 
should be used, not as a means of profit 
for the few, but as a means of comfort 
for the many. It should be used to light- 
en the labor of all. To-day it is used in 
such a way as to bring additional misery 
to the workers who themselves have 
made it. and so it will continue as long 
as a private property system is per- 
mitted to exist. The benefits of machine 
production should belong to all. the ma- 
chine should be free to those who want 
to utilize it. and as with machines so 
with all the instruments of production 

and distribution. This is what wc mean 
by Communism. So long as you allow 
the capitalists to go on exploiting your 
labor, turn which way you will, alter the 
political situation as you like, so long 
will you be deprived of the necessaries 
of life; but once declare that the ex- 
ploitation must cease, that the machin- 
ery must be utilized for the benefit of 
all, then machinery, instead of being the 
enemy of the worker, will be his help in 
lightening toil, and providing the neces- 
sities and luxuries of life. 
London, Eng., December, 1898. 



The gravity of the issues before the 
common people of the United States to- 
day cannot be magnified. At no time 
since the declaration of independence 
and the subsequent adoption of the pres- 
ent constitution of the United States 
have the liberties of the people and dem- 
ocratic principles been in such dire 
peril. To the working classes particu- 
larly does the present crisis appeal. The 
nation is in the throes of labor, or, 
more simply put, in the agonies of 
child-birth. What is it going to give 
birth to? That is the paramount ques- 
tion. In all human probability it will 
bring forth a monster, and that monster 
will be "militaryism." 

The people of this country went to war 
with Spain on the supposition that they 
were about to perform an act of human- 
ity. That they were to compel Spain to 
extend to suffering Cuba those demo- 
cratic principles that were supposed to 
dominate the contigrtious country of the 
United States. 

Whether this country acted hypK)criti- 
cal or otherwise with Spain and with the 
world generally is outside the question 
we have in view. To engage in a war 
of humanity and then wind it up by go- 
ing on ruthless buccaneering expedi- 
tion might be wise or unwise just ac- 
cording as how one may look at tfie 
ethics of the whole of the circumstances 
that impelled this country to war wit6 
Spain, All this. I say. is outside the 
question. What concerns the masses 
and laboring classes in the United 
States is. What are the effects likely to 
be upon our domestic policy? Every 
man who has one atom of sanity left in 
his cranium must admit that the pro- 
posed policy of expansion is the bcgin- 
niuij of a militarv epoch in the United 
Statfs, .\n epoch where might will be 
right. In my opinion the laboring 
classes, just beginning to see the dawn 
oi a new time, have reached to the great- 

uigiiizea by 




est limitation that will be henceforth be 
permitted them. 

If we are to have militaryism in the 
United Statesjwhich colonial expansion 
ultimately means, then the laboring 
classes better at once understand their 
position; let them shut forever their 
book of efforts. They have already made 
their greatest fight, and may as well 
give their necks to the yoke, without 
having the gentle reminder of the **boy 
in blue" armed with the "magazine 
rifle," and the still more **deadly gat- 

The American Federation of Labor, 
at their annual convention held at Kan- 
sas City the other day, seemed to dimly 
discern the coming danger to their class. 
But all too dimly, I thought. If the la- 
boring classes do not make a supreme 
effort now to avert this coming catas- 
trophe, it will be too late to do any- 
thing when the plutocratic leaders of 
this country have already armed and 
disciplined their hundred thousand sol- 
diers. Let nobody beguile himself into 
the belief that these are empty plati- 

For years efforts have been made by 
the trusts, monopolists and capitalists, 
who have already got hold of the com- 
mercial interests of this country by the 
throat, to foist a standing army upon 
the people of the United States, so that 
they may have the physical force 
of the country (now largely in 
the hands of the working peo- 
ple) by the throat likewise. The 
policy of expansion appeals to every 
thinking man in the country; many 
minds are appalled by the contempla- 
tion of the results that may accrue to 
the republic; many regard colonial ex- 
pansion as the torch that might supply 
the spark to the powder barrels of so- 
cial discontent, industrial discontent 
and socialistic tendencies that, if once 
lighted, will shake the republic to its 
very foundations. Others regard col- 
onial expansion as the ushering of an 
epoch of great industrial expansion, of 
vastly increased maritime commerce, of 
vastly increased export trade, an epoch 
that will convert the hitherto peaceful 
republic of the United States into a 
powerful naval and military power, 
making the United States pre-eminent 
among the nations of the earth. All 
these glories can undoubtedly be achiev- 
ed, but they will all be achieved at the 
expense of the Hberties of the toilers, 
the country will gain in coherency and 
in centralization of power, but will lose 
the largest measure of her democratic 
The laboring classes will have them- 

selves to blame if they slumber while 
the thief breaks into their homes and 
robs them of their liberties. The strug- 
gle to-day is not merely a struggle be- 
tween expansionists and anti-expansion- 
ists. It is a struggle, and should be 
made a struggle, between the laboring 
classes and the monopolists and the 
plutocracy, who have seized upon the 
present crisis to put into force their 
long-wished-for desire, — the desire of 
having a powerful army at their backs 
so that they may be in a position to 

?iuickly and forcibly suppress any mam- 
estations of social discontent among 
the toilers and masses of the people. 
Unfortunately, the laboring classes and 
masses have become so intoxicated with 
victory and filled with visions of glory 
that it appears that nothing can prevent 
them now from bartering their birth- 
right for a mess of pottage. They will 
awaken by-and-by, and bitter will their 
awakening be. But when too late, once 
having adopted an imperialistic and mif- 
itary policy, no power on earth can stop 
it. It will extend by leaps and bounds. 
Issues undreamed of will crop up. States- 
men will be made and unmade on col- 
onial issues. Parties will be defeated or 
successful on colonial policies. The 
Porto Rican and Cuban will demand 
equal recognition; in other words, will 
demand statehood, and it cannot be de- 
nied them. This fresh competition will 
force the laboring people of the United 
States one notch lower down the social 
scale. If thev resent this, they will be 
mercilessly aealt with by a hundred 
thousand boys in blue; but they will 
have but themselves to blame, no re- 
mor§^ can bring back to them the meas- 
ure of that liberty which they had bar- 
tered for empty military glory and for 
the pride of colonial power. Liberty 
can only be retained by the exercising 
of eternal vigilance. If we lack this 
vigilance, we have nobody but ourselves 
to blame if we lose our liberties. ( 

Odell, 111., January 6, 1899. ' 



Oh dear, how long have I dozed? 
and my purple eyes are hid with long 
festoons of cobwebs, coated with 
dust, giving them the appearance of 
talons. Somebody must have opened 
the hall door, and the draught stirred 
me to new life. Let me see — how long 
have I slept? 

I cannot remember, but when I 
was put on these walls, there was also 
new furniture, carpets and every com- 
fort for the new family. The front was 

uigiiizea oy '' 





painted and the grounds decorated. 
Then after a year or two they moved 
out. It is said the wife died, leaving 
two children. The next occupant di- 
vided the house into lodging rooms, 
with many an unoccupied room, as the 
times got hard. Another party took it 
in hand with poorer success, and then 
the basement was rented to a Chinese 
laundry, with the ground floor first as 
a grocery store, afterwards as a saloon, 
and lastly for a Salvation Army bar- 
racks. It was idle for a long time till 
a New England whaler said he would 
make it pay or eat his shirt. Renting 
the store to a toy factory, where they 
made fire-crackers, it caught fire from 
an explosion, and I received a slight 
singeing. Collecting his insurance he 
sold out and moved away. 

After that the old house was sub- 
rented to different families, who in turn 
took in roomers, and from this on I will 
confine myself strictly to my own dear 
room, as nearly all the other rooms were 

Facing the east, the rising sun would 
cause the damask-rose in my patterned 
design to blush deeper, and the old ma- 
hogany furniture, its polished surface 
would reflect the ruddy glare of the 
tempting grate fire. Also the silverv 
chimes would awaken the sleeper from 
his couch to see the big round-faced 
dial urging him to his daily task. When 
the window-panes were frosted over as 
the holidays approached, the recumbent 
roomer, — whether toil-stained mechan- 
ic or gentle clerk, — would let his eyes 
feast lovingly on the silver thread of a 
brook, and his mind would revert to the 
days on the farm, also the poesicd for- 
get-me-nots as a mirror of some fair 
one he left far behind. 

There came one evening a man of no- 
ble stature and bearing, but penniless 
and deeply wronged. Flinging himself 
into a chair, he noticed nothing, neither 
the pleasant fire or furniture, and never 
gazed at my pretty colorings. The 
brook, the rose, the forget-me-nots and 
rustic bridge were as a blank to him. 

**In a strange city, to be duped, 
robbed and insulted. To be struck at 
and thrown out when in search of a lost 
sister — all through the treachery of a 
seeming friend. I must have money to 
avenge these wrongs!" 

Pacing up and down the rooms he 
became quieter after awhile, and sitting 
down buried his face in his hands. 
About an hour after he began search- 
ing the bureau drawers, examining ev- 
ery old paper, card and souvenir. Even 
a burned match, stub of pencil or old 
envelope were scrutinized. At last in 

one drawer, between the bottom and 
back, was wedged something which re- 
sisted his efforts for a long while, and 
after a violent wrench he got it loose. 
It looked like a copper cent, but, re- 
moving the dust, to his eager gaze 
seemed a five-dollar gold piece. Has- 
tily throwing on his hat and coat, he 
said, "Now for revenge!" As he strode 
to the bar, his money was only a locket. 
Out into the cold night — but hold on — 
**Why this is a picture of my sister!" 

The next occupants were two young 
girls. Two orphans, but not sisters. 

"I just got twelve cents left after pav- 
ing for our lodging and no supper. No 
work in sight, and, *dear sister, you 
have got nothing at all. To-morrow 
night the river will be a winding sheet 
for me." 

"No, no, do not talk that way; some- 
thing tells me something will turn up. 
Others have had harder struggles than 
us, so let us rest content for the night. 
Probably I will get my old position as 
dressmaker back again." 

The next afternoon, a young and old 
man, with trunks and valises. 

"Well, we got that young fellow off 
the track last week, but where did he 
get that locket? He claimed it was his 
sister's. I overheard him say so. Any- 
how he will never see her again, as he 
is an outcast; besides, his father is mar- 
ried again, and his sister will leave this 
city, not knowing he is living." 

But the other said: "It is a strange 
thing he should have found that locket 
in this house, and he stopped here be- 
fore she did." 

"Well, we will drop this subject and 
consider what we got to do. These tools 
will be sufficient to unlock the safe in 
the old warehouse, and then we go to 

Two old men, statesmen, if you like, 
for a night or two. 

"I tell you this country is in great 
danger. Why, if we don't put a heavier 
tariff on imported goods our working- 
men will starve, and thence will follow 
riot and anarchy." 

"Oh, that's all bosh: look at the hard 
times at different periods of our coun- 
try's history. We never starved or had 
any riots. Why, if such remarks were 
too often used, people would tire of 
them. Such remarks are all right for 
politicians to play on the minds of ig- 
norant workingmen, but since they have 
become organized they are superior to 
any politician. Why. there is more dan- 
ger of true and noble statesmen like us 
starving — but, say, I wonder if anybody 
is listening to us? Did you succeed in 

uigiiizea oy vjiv^v^f^LV^ 



gaining any clue to them two bank- 

"No, but I rescued the two girls, se- 
cured employment for one and the oth- 
er is safe at my home, and I sent her 
brother to Long Island till I am able to 
corral the crowd that has done all this 

The last visitor, a poor, weary old 
man fully seventy years of age, with just 
one silver half and quarter-dollar: "To- 
day I visited old Libby Prison, and 
what sad memories and thoughts of the 
three long years I laid on its cruel hem- 
lock boards in the sweltering Virginia 
sun, enhaling miasma from Richmond's 
swamps, wondering and hoping if I 
would ever see my Northern home 
again. Many a noble soul breathed out 
its last in that diabolical cage, and to- 
day I reverently stooped and kissed 
those brassy plates as their names came 
back to my memory. I went down into 
the dungeons and saw a sight not given 
to many. Battalions and brigades in 
mystic array. The flag, the cannon and 
the horse. I saw Grant, Sherman and 
Sheridan and many others. I saw the 
hill we took, also the ford we crossed — 
what? does my eyes deceive mel on 
that very wall paper is the stream — and 
then through the forest where Lee cut 
into our ranks. I heard them calling 
me. 'Comrade, fall in line.' Well, I will 
fall in line before long. Oh, if I had 
fallen in them dreary July days of 1863, 
a worse fate would have been spared me. 
To-day I was called a pauper by the 
oflFspring of one I saved from death. 
If I could only see my grandchildren 
and give them my blessing, — but that is 
not reserved for me. I will search for 
«)ine cinders or make a fire of one of 
these broken chairs; but here is an 
old soap-box, and in it is a steel instru- 
ment which will do for an axe. Now 
for some paper. Old newspapers and. a 
letter. 'Dear Grandfather,' it starts off 
with, but the envelope is not directed. 
Some poor child, so I might as well 
finish it My sight is too poor, and \yill 
leave it till the morning. 

'The fire is made, now for the crusts 
in my pocket, and then will scrawl a 
note on bottom of this sheet in case 
I am too sick to rise in the morning. I 
will imagine I am her grandfather. I 
feel so awful tired, so good night to all 
the world." 

It was a cold and windy night, and 
the draught through the broken win- 
dows loosening me from the wall caused 
me to form a canopy over this, the l^st 
occupant, but the wind from the hall 
door shows he is not there now, so re- 
moving the cobwebs from my eyes T 

strive to seem as important as possible, 
expecting it is the chambermaid. 

"Oh, papa, I am afraid to go up- 

"Never mind, darling I will go along 
with you; come on John and bring my 
little girl with you." 

I hear the heavy tramp of two pairs of 
boots shaking the old house and loos- 
ening me still more frpm the wall. 

"Well, John, we will tear down this 
old house and the ones adjoining, build 
a big factory, import cheap labor from 
eastern Europe, and I will become a 
millionaire. You can take entire charge 
superintending the work. Put in a good, 
strong foundation, not very many win- 
dows, as it takes the employees* minds 
off their work. Have a wall outside and 
a big bell at the gate. My architect 
will have plans in readiness shortly, but 
you can begin the demolition next 

"Oh, papa, look at this funny letter 
on this old bureau — a little girl and an 
old man writing to each other. I am 
going to show it to mamma." 

"Let me see it, daughter. Well, that 
is laughable indeed. You can keep it." 

"Oh, say, papa, can I have a piece of 
that wallpaper? It looks so nice with 
all them flowers. It reminds me so 
much of our country home when we 
went picnicking — the flowers and bridge 
and everything else." 

"Why, child, it would make you sick, 
it is so mildewed." 

"No, father, it won't. Ask John to 
get his knife and cut off a piece." 

So John's knife has cut a section 
about a foot square of my pretty pat- 
tern, which she pressed to her breast. 

"My child, it will soil your clothes, 
the old lime on it." 

"No, it won't. I will put it inside of 
my dress." 

"Look here, John, as sure as I am 
alive, look at this piece of steel. It 
must have belonged to some burglar. I 
will have to show it to Sharp and Wise, 
our two detectives. Now let us get out 
of here and go home." 

Close to the palpitating bosorti of this 
little beauty we get into a carriage and 
thence to her home, where once more I 
feel the glow of a warm grate fire re- 
posing on a mantel-piece. The next 
morning the little maiden is taken sick. 
The doctor, arriving, diagnoses her 
complaint as diphtheria, which causes 
all to condemn the visit to the old 
house and I am ordered to be thrown 
into the fire. The little maiden implor- 
ingly asks me to be saved, but it is too 
late, as I am already burning, but from 
the colors changing through the chem- 

uigiiizea oy ■" 




icals I offer myself willingly, as a holo- 
caust, especially as I hear her father 
assure her he will get her another 
piece of the dear old pattern. The 
old rustic bridge swiftly burns with its 
trellised hand-rails and the little 
maiden, rising up, clasps her hands as 
the perfume of incense of a holy pa- 
triot's life is swung by Seraphim — for 
he has fallen in line at last. 

*'Oh, papa, see the roses burning. 
Don't they resemble a woman's heart? 
And look at the forget-me-nots. Why, 
now I cannot tell them from the river 
and the whole scene turns to a violet 
and again to a silver gray, and look! as 
in a mirror I see a face of one I never 
saw before." 

'That was my first wife. She died 
a long while ago, leaving two children, 
a boy and girl, which I placed in care 
of an old friend of mine, an old soldier. 
He took them South, but the steamer 
was reported lost with all on board. I 
have heard since they are still living. 
Sharp & Wise promised to give me 

good news to-day of some kind 

Why, hello! here they are now." 

"Good morning, Mr. Brownstone; 
this is a fine morning for April; but 
what's the matter with your little 

"Oh, nothing. She was sick and 
started in to burn up some old wall- 
paper and got well. That was better 
than taking a lot of old pills — a good 
joke, by the way, Mr. Wise, but how 
is our friend, Mr. Sharp?" 

"Very well, I thank you; but why 
didn't she burn up that old letter also? 
It came from the same building." 

"Well, I never thought about that, 
but will do so right away. Tell me, 
how did you know that, though?" 

"I happened to be there that night, 
saw the old gent writing and helped to 
bury him the next day. Hold on, 
though, till I see what name he penned 
at the bottom. Why, sir, that is the 
name of your uncle, answering his own 
grandchild unwittingly, and she is out- 
side in the hall with her brother, and 
with the assistance of this piece of steel 
will be able to send to prison for many 
years the villains that caused them un- 
told trouble without counting the 
bother they caused the community at 
large for many years. I saw the old 
man breaking up wood for a fire with 
it and the next morning I left it there, 
expecting the owner would call for it. 
I succeeded in tracking them down and 
can use this as evidence. I will now 
lead in your two children, restored to 
your arms, everything will be pleasant 

as possible, and we will leave you to 
a quiet enjoyment." 

"Oh, no, dear sirs, you will not leave 
so soon. Make yourselves comfortable 
while my little daughter thanks you sin- 
cerely and in a more appropriate way 
than I could." 

*'Dear Mr. Sharp and Wise, all I 
can think or wish would fall far short 
of my regards for you, and as to my 
papa, I want him to place a great, big 
white monument over this grand and 
good old man. Then get a mahogany 
frame made from old furniture at the 
old house to put in a piece of that wall- 
paper. I want him also to build a real 
nice school or church instead of a great, 
big factory. Little children were not 
made to work hard and be shut up all 
day. They were made to sing the 
praises of God so their hearts would 
become like roses; their eyes to be like 
blue forget-me-nots, piercing the skies 
in search of the Father; their ears to be 
trellised with auburn tresses, listening 
to the splashing of the brook singing its 
lullabys as it catches a faint whisper as 
far away song, which, as the years 
grow older and the stream widens, 
bursts into a loud hosannah and a 
grand Te Deum." 

Chicago, 111., January 5, 1898. 



People used to talk about the super- 
natural, but it is not up-to-date to do 
so any longer. "Supernormal" is now 
the word for all the conditions and ex- 
periences which people cannot account 
for. Since science has formed a So- 
ciety for Psychical Research and ex- 
plored the hidden crannies of human 
experience, they tell us that all which 
is is natural; that the "subliminal self" 
is as much a reality as the common- 
place self. Not everybody who has a 
wonderfully vivid dream, which may 
cause him to believe it to be the fore- 
runner of some remarkable occurrence, 
has the presence of mind to write it 
down upon awakening, pigeon-hole it, 
and await results. 

A curious psychic experience, well 
substantiated, occurred last winter in 
connection with an event which caused 
a scandal. This event was the marriage 
of the widow of a high naval officer 
to a hypnotist. Three or four days be- 
fore the matter culminated a certain 
man went to her and said he had had 
a sort of trance vision in which he saw 
her sitting with her hands folded in her 
lap and her head bowed. She was weep- 
ing, and a dark, mist-like pall seemed 

uigiiizea by 




to surround her. He spoke, as he 
thought, but could not make her rouse 
herself or heed him. All this, but much 
more circumstantially, he told the lady, 
and, to his chagrin, found he could 
make no more impression in reality 
than he seemed to be able to make in 
his trance vision. The woman appeared 
to be living in a dazed, automatic way, 
which surprised the man who went to 
her with his story, but knew nothing 
whatever of the existence of the hyp- 
notist Not many days later the whole 
scandal became public, together with 
the hypnotist's efforts to obtain the 
woman's property, his arrest, etc. 

Here is a story of quite another sort, 
but equally well substantiated. The 
woman to whom it happened is prac- 
tical, rather hard-headed, and an in- 
structor of the young in the classics. 
She had long been interested in a man, 
and he in her; their tastes were kindreJ; 
ihey exchanged views on all sorts of 
subjects; they were much together. 
There was no formal engagement, but 
that there would some day be a mar- 
riage in which these two would be the 
central figures was, doubtless, equally 
in the minds of both. One evening as 
she parted from him she felt much 
troubled. He did not complain, but 
she feared he was not well. 

A few days later she returned home 
about dusk, and, being tired, threw her- 
self on the lounge for a brief rest be- 
fore lighting the gas. A strange, lone- 
some feeling possessed her. She got on 
her feet to strike a light, and as she did 
so t>ecame conscious that a figure 
passed directly in front of her. She 
looked long enough to recognize it as 
that of the man who filled her thoughts. 
With a murmured exclamation she put 
out her hand, started forward as he 
moved toward the door, and grasoed 
only the air. A moment later, with the 
room lighted, she almost persuaded 
herself that she had been the victim of 
her own fancies. Not until next morn- 
ing did she learn that the man who had 
made her world brightest had passed 
away the evening before from that mys- 
terious cause which doctors, for want 
of a better name, have labeled "heart 
failure." The strongest belief that the 
woman holds since is that the man's 
spirit as it was leaving his body re- 
vealed itself to her. But she has no 
proof of this that could convince others, 
for the thing that happened was of the 
very nature she would keep from others 
in advance of confirmation. 

A most curious dream episode oc- 
curred to two sisters. The family had 
moved. The house they went into was 

an old one, whose interior called for 
repairs, but it was central and with cer- 
tam changes suggested possibilities of 
coziness. It was, in short, the sort of 
house to stimulate one's imagination 
with wondering about the private his- 
tory of those who occupied it long ago. 
Its nooks and crannies and cupboards, 
its very walls seemed to exhale a his- 
tory, but of this history its new occu- 
pants knew nothing. 

The moving was badly done, and 
night came on without beds being up 
for all the family. Rooms were made 
comfortable for the elders, and the two 
sisters did not mind shifting as best 
they could. One took to a couch in a 
room above the stairs and the other de- 
cided to make herself comfortable on. a 
pile of bedding that had been dumped 
into the front parlor below stairs. Both 
were very tired and soon fell fast asleep. 
In the morning each hurried down to 
see what could be done about impro- 
vising a breakfast. 

"Oh, I had the queerest dream," ex- 
claimed she who had slept on the 

"So did I," said the other. 

"What was it?" 

"You spoke first. Tell yours; then 
I'll tell mine." 

"Well," continued she who had oc- 
cupied the lounge. "I dreamed that 
right across from where I lay, sitting 
by the window, was a very young man: 
I should judge not over twenty. He 
had very blue and mournful eyes; I 
noticed them especially, for they were 
fixed upon me intently for awhile. Then 
he got up and passed close by me, 
coughing a short cough, and passed out 
the door. It was all very vivid." 

"Good gracious!" cried the sister who 
had listened. "He must have come 
right down to me, for I saw the very 
same man in my dream. In mine the 
room I lay in was furnished in dreary 
black haircloth — like the typical com- 
mon parlor of long ago — and that pale 
young man with the sad blue eyes sat 
in a chair near a stove. In his right 
hand he held a book, with a couple of 
fingers between the leaves, as it hung 
down beside his chair. After gazing at 
me awhile he spoke. *You should not 
lie there,' he said. *It is damp on the 
whole of this floor. There used to be 
a cistern right under where you liQ. 
and a spring used to run under this 
house.' That's all I remember clearly. 
There was more, confused stuff." 

They afterwards had reason to believe 
in the story of the spring on account 
of the moisture that oozed from the 
cellar floor at certain changes in the 

uigiiizea oy ^ 




weather. Telling their dream some 
time later to a long-time resident of the 
neighborhood, the old dame exclaimeil: 

'*Why! I should say you'd seen Mrs. 
M 's son. He died years ago of con- 
sumption. He had blue eyes and was 
fond of books and always looked sad, 
poor boy. They always said them 
rooms was damp." 

After that night they never saw the 
youth again.. They used to say that he 
had done his duty and vanished. But 
they confessed to having often had a 
sense of invisible company in the house 
while they remained in it. 

From the same town where the story 
just related took place there occurred 
about half a dozen years ago one of 
those events which mark an epoch in 
dream history. This time the percipient 
was a man — a sea captain. He had 
made arrangements and signed all the 
necessary papers to take cnarge of a 
ship. Two or three nights before he 
sailed he had a dream, in which, amid 
much medley, a few things stood out 
clear. For one thing, he saw the ship 
infested with rats — from ancient days 
down a bad omen — and after much trial 
and endeavor he saw the bark founder 
and go down. In the morning he found 
his dream had left him physically and 
mentally unhinged. Of course he told 
his wife, and of course she took alarm 
and implored him to throw up the 
whole contract. He confessed it was 
what he would like to do, but if he let 
himself be ruled by a dream he'd be 
scoffed at, men would not be in a hurry 
to offer him a ship again, etc. 

The upshot of it was that he went 
with the time and tide as arranged for. 
But he never returned; the prophetic 

dream fulfilled itself to the letter. The 
circumstance was so striking that it was 
spoken of many times before the sequel 
and discussed afterwards, and the mem- 
ory of it is known to many. It even 
got into local print. But the owner of 
the ship was sore at his loss and did 
all he could to quell its currency. 

Judging from gathered evidence it 
would seem that from no form of 
psychic experiences do prevision and 
event tally more closely than from 
dreams, except, of course, from waking 
impression, which is generally too in- 
tangible to make a story. There is 
known to the writer a man, a serious 
and anything but excitable man, who 
jumped up from a sound sleep one 
night, exclaiming aloud: 

**My father is dead! My father is 

His father lived some hundreds of 
miles away, and he had no intimation , 
of his illness. In this case it was the 
woman, his wife, who pooh-poohed the 
matter and tried to banish the impres- 
sion, but he insisted. 

"I saw him dying; I heard him call- 

The next morning brought word that 
the father had died that night and want- 
ed to see his son. 

So many stories akin to this are told 
and well attested that one can account 
for them only on the hypothesis that 
there are invisible pneumatic telephones 
in the universe which work only by 
thought. This is really the theory put 
forth in one or another shape by sci- 
ence. Will it ever lay tangible grip 
on the machinery? 

Racine, Wis. 


If we talk of the grood which the world 

And try our best to add to It, 
The evil will die of neglect by and by— 

'TIs the very best way to undo It. 

We preach too much and we dwell too For the earth is fair and the people are 

long kind, ' 

On sin and sorrow and trouble; If once you look for their kindness; 

We help them to live by the thoughts we When the world seems sad and its denl- 

glve, zens bad, 

Their spite and might to redouble. It Is only your own soul's blindness. 

And I say if we search for the good and 
And give no thought to the evil, 
Our labors are worth far more to the 
Than when we are chasing the devil. 
—Ella Wheeler Wilcox. 

uigitized by 



rLetten of interest to the craft for this depsrttneiit should be briefly written, 
on bat one side of the paper, and must reacn this ofllce prior to the 15th of the 
month. The ri^rht of revision or r^ection is r e scn r c d by the Bditor.J 


Sioux City, la., Dec. 16, 1898. 
Editor Journal: 

This will be the cheery song of many 
earnest, enthusiastic machinists in a few 
weeks more. Already, no doubt, many 
arc stringing their wires to obtain the 
confidence of the members of their local 
lodge ta be the choice, and a worthy 
ambition it is for a man to indulge in, 
that of the honor to represent others. 
It is to be hoped that our lodges will 
feel just as ambitious and each one 
strive to send, if not the most brilliant 
at least the most conscientious, indus- 
trious, reasonable delegate in the body. 
If each delegate in turn trys to attain 
even these simple distinctions then 
progress will be made, economy ob- 
>erved, good laws secured, and may 
be, if not too vain a hope, general 
^atisfaction to all concerned. 

Buffalo! Yes, again Buffalo! The 
home of our immortal Daglish and his 
loyal, patient and faithful brothers in 
stanch No. 245 who have held the fort 
through storm and tempest and stands 
like a house of refuge to their fellpw 
resident machinists, who are either too 
penurious, or profligate, or timid, or 
jealous to join in the work to be done 
"while yet it is day. but when the night 
Cometh" — the dark, wild night, with its 
terrors of reduced pay, straight time, 
discrimination, too old to do a big 
day's work — then the old storm-weath- 
ered veterans of No. 245 will feel that 
their self-denial, their fortitude, their 
pleadings, have not been spent in vain. 
It will not be their part to turn a deaf 
car or the cold shoulder to the afflicted 
ones, but. No! "Succor" will be there— 
wcfrkcrs full of sympathy and cheer and 
ability to straighten out crooked places, 
and if all our unknown brothers by 
name in No. 245 have only a part of the 
geniality, hope and persistence that 
Brother Daglish has tMn success will 
sorely be theirs. 

But is it only the welfare of the ma- 
chinists at Buffalo that will concern us 
in the work at the convention? It is safe 
to answer. No! It is the safety and 

growth and prosperity, with "Security 
to the order at large, that will absorb 
the attention and devotion of the in- 
trepid souls who will gather there. 

Oh!, can we dare go one step far- 
ther? "will the selfish instincts at this 
day supreme in the human breast, cul- 
tivated through countless generations 
of the past, until now the ideal maxim 
practiced by nearly every one and 
preached by the brutal, God-forgotten 
acme of selfish perfection: "Each one 
for himself," "Satan take the hind- 
most." We fearfully ask. Will this be 
our pinnacle? This the giddy height 
we ambitiously long to climb? 

No! brothers, gleams of light are 
peeping through cracks of decaying su- 
perstition, ignorance, selfish prejudice, 
and near-sightedness. 

These gleams are small, exceedingly 
fine, but, as sure as the earth turns 
round, they are there and they are 
struggling to push through and split 
the obstructions wide open from gable 
to cellar. 

Oh! may history be made and our 
artists with the hammer, our most im- 
portant tool, feel like striking a lick, 
which will add to the importance of 
Buffalo and the prestige of the I. A. 
of M. 

Our increasing number of conscious 
brothers will be there without a doubt — 
those of the class Social, Land, Self, 
Referendum. Co-operative, and Consti- 
tutional — classifications, each demon- 
strative and capable beyond a doubt, 
but each lacking the chief essentials — 
toleration and concentration — to make 
success of any plan certain except the 
one of eternal jangling and agitation, 
which may be as necessary as any other 
at the present stage of economic pro- 

Considerable wormwood and vinegar 
have been inserted along with un- 
known personalities in the Journal dis- 
cussions of late and it was the inclina- 
tion of the writer to indulge similarly 
on some matters affecting our interests, 
but, on second thought, equal influence 
can be brought to the reason of our 
members by hopeful expressions and 

uigiiizea oy ^ 




candid utterance. It is not any too 
early to start the ideas dormant into 
active life on what 'we need to increase 
effectiveness in our organization, so 
that no delegate at Buffalo can hide be- 
hind the excuse "uninstructed" when 
some new proposition or old one re- 
vived with a changed form drops like 
a thunderbolt from a clear sky. 

Among other things which need to 
be settled, and that conclusively, is that 
*'No member can fill two offices and 
draw pay for both at the same time." 
Although this stump blasted the reputa- 
tion of one of our brightest lights some 
time since, yet the evil can still be 
perpetrated in various ways and wilj be 
by the unscrupulous whenever oppor- 
tunity is afforded, and, if I am correctly 
informed, is being abused right now, 
but untD evidence is convincing the 
gentleman's name will not be published. 

Next, the referendum must be pro- 
tected by stringent safeguards or abol- 

The unscrupulous way No. 434 oper- 
ates to further their own local advan- 
tage is scandalous and deserves castiga- 
tion. I speak positively and without 
hesitation, with the most direct, con- 
vincing evidence. And if it were pos- 
sible and is a fact that this lodge could 
comfortably accommodate from 200 to 
300 members in a room which will only 
hold sixty people, then it is a duty of 
some of their active members to en- 
lighten the rest of the lodges what 
magic influence is utilized to maintain 
such results when the neighboring 
lodges. No. 405 and 406, can not secure 
a quorum to do business with! 

Legislation is needed and is worthy 
the steady, energetic thought of the 
most capable to maintain active interest 
in lodge room and make members feel 
anxious for next meeting night to roll 

Our Journal must be distributed and 
not allowed to lie around in desks and 
bureaus of secretaries. If no other way 
can be devised, if it overburdens the 
editor's duties; if it is too expensive 
to the Grand lodge, then cut down the 
per capita to 10 or 15 cents and dis- 
tribute Journals through the mails by 
local officers. 

The treasurer should have this duty 
and at the end of quarter or year charge 
up the member with cost ot mailing if 
he will not come to lodge and get his 

A word here to everybody: Does it 
occur to anyone that our Journal is not 
nearly as self-supporting as it should 
be or as you could make it with a little 

effort? Just look at these figures, my 
brother, and ask yourself is the game 
worth the candle? Last year our Jour- 
nal cost $5,853.35 and its income from 
advertising only a pittance of $261.41. 
Why, it is too ridiculous to be com- 
mented upon. 

Now, it remains for us to do one of 
several things: Either add to our Grand 
lodge expense — which is already higher 
than it needs to be — ^by hiring an ad- 
vertising solicitor; distribute the Jour- 
nal ; patronize the advertisers, and make 
it more proportionally self-sustaining, 
or shut up the department and deprive 
many literary aspirants from inffictift^ 
their laborious utterances on an alreacLy 
suffering public. 

The executive board should be se- 
lected with a different purpose instead 
of confining it geographically, which is 
a stumbling-block in free governments. 
Select them with a view to merit first 
and not good fellowship, and, second, 
instead of jumping hapnazard at the 
occupation some attention should be 
paid to specialty, so that some one on 
the board can understand conditions of 
various special troubles. For instance, 
the board could more advantageously 
work had it a linotyper, a railway man, 
an arsenal or marine man, a job shop 
worker, and a toolmaker on it than 
when they are merely a jumble com- 
monly called machinists. Fraternally, 

Kansas City, Kan., Dec. 16, 1898. 
Editor Journal: 

Union lodge. No. 27, Kansas City, 
Kan., will long remember their meet- 
ing night of Dec. i, 1898, as being one 
of the most delightful they ever expe- 

About nine o'clock there was a loud 
knocking at our lodge room door. 
When it was opened in marched a bevy 
of ladies, who asked us to please close 
lodge, as our presence was desired 
downstairs. Our master machinist, Mr. 
A. H. Fette, who is always congenial, 
closed lodge as the ladies had request- 
ed, and then we went downstairs. The 
ladies had rented the large hall below 
our lodge room, and as we entered the 
hall imagine our surprise to see tables 
spread in snowy linen and we gazed on 
the feast our ''better halves" had pi'e- 
pared for us. Thfe tables fairly groaned 
under the abundance of good things 
they held for the inner man, and we 
could all agree with Owen Meredith 
when he said: 

Digitized by 




We may live without i>oetry. music and 

We may live without conscience and live 

without heart: 
We may live without friends, we may 

live without books. 
But d\ili«ed man cannot live without 

Then when we looked in the other 
end of the hall we were simply aston- 
ished to see an orchestra, who dis- 
coursed most excellent music. Then, 
of course, we spent the most of our 
time in tripping the light fantastic. 

Much credit is due Mrs. Fred Knip- 
pcr and Mrs. J. B. Coffey for their un- 
tiring efforts to make the occasion en- 
joyable. They were kindly assisted by 
Mrs. Bostwick, Mrs. Fette and Mrs. 
Trrmby. Every one went home happy 
and all pronounced the evening a de- 
cided success and we, the members of 
good old No. 27, wouldn't care if we 
ivere "surprised" every meeting night, 
u our wives proved themselves royal 
entertainers. We, the members of No. 
27, extend our thanks to the ladies and 
hope the good work will go on. 

Two of the most popular young 
members of No. 27, Mr. Harry F. 
Leonard and John Roach, on last 
Thanksgiving eve were united in the 
bonds of matrimony. We extend our 
congratulations and hope they may live 
long and be^ prosperous. 
_^^_^^___ M. M. 

St. Louis, Mo., Dec. 23, 1898. 
Editor Journal : 

It is with anything but feelings of 
relactance that I send you a few lines 
from this city of street cars, breweries, 
dry goods and shoes. So, to begin 
with, on the 20th inst, a combined 
meeting of the four lodges of this place 
was held, to which the general public 
was invited. The occasion was the ad- 
dress given by our Grand Foreman and 
editor, who came to take the place of 
our G. M. M., he being detained at 
Kansas City in the interest of the A. 
F. of L., and unable to attend. There 
. was a large meeting, indeed it was a 
surprise to many to see the number 

Brother McCullach of No. 41 occu- 
pied the chair, and well he did it. His 
shining countenance was a pleasure to 
behold and he looked first rate despite 
the fact that he had just got back from 
serving his country in the late unpleas- 
antness with Spain. He made a few 
brief remarks and then introduced 
Brother Douglas Wilson so suddenly 

that it nearly took his — Douglas' — 
breath away, as he had only got into 
the room. Despite the fact that he had 
just come off a long journey he proved 
equal to the occasion. 

The speaker began his lecture in a 
slow and deliberate manner, which 
gradually gained in force of delivery 
as he warmed up to his subject. His 
style and gentlemanly grace captivated 
the audience from the very first to the 
last word uttered; his listeners seemed 
spellbound. The forcible manner iii 
which he presented the case of union- 
ism as well as the contrast between in^ 
dividual and co-operative effort, was 
very pointed and struck. 

For myself personally, I think I 
never heard the principles more plainly 
put and advocated. The manner in 
which the subject was. handled was fa- 
vorably commented upon by all who 
were present; everyone seemed to be 
highly pleased and instructed. I only 
wish some of our careless members had 
been there. They would have been 
taught a lesson, I am sure. If the mem- 
bers would only attend their meetings 
more regular greater results would bt 
obtained. We hope to have Broth^ 
Wilson with us again soon. 

Our new business agent. Brother W. 
Rcbbing, is doing good work dowti 
here since he took hold, working hard 
every day and tramping many miles at- 
tending to his duties. I think. Brother 
Editor, we have got the right man in 
the right place this time. He is re- 
spected by everyone with whom he 
comes in contact, and, though only a 
young man, he has got the wisdom 
and ways of a much older person. 

I am very pleased to state that we arc 
making converts right along, about 
twenty new members joining our ranks 
within the last week or two. Our 
German brothers of No. 394 are making 
things hum again. Brother Sendig, the 
secretary, is a hustler of the right 
stamp. At the open meeting above 
mentioned he made an address in the 
German language as there were quite 
a number of that nationality present. 
Though not proficient in the Teutonic 
tongue, from the effect it had upon his 
listeners, I am under the impression 
that he shook them up considerably. 

I can assure you that a great deal of 
good will result from the meeting just 
held, and I think if the funds of our 
organization would admit of it, it would 
be a splendid idea to keep a lecturer 
on the road continually, so that he 
could come around occasionally and 
stir the boys up to a realization of their 
duty. I think something of that kind 

uigiiizea by 




might be inaugurated and a fund estab- 
lished for the purpose. The coming 
convention ought to consider this prop- 
osition, as there is a great need for a 
more extended system of organization. 
Employers seem determined to crush 
down the men in their employ to the 
point where they will deliver up the 
effort of their sinew even to the last 
thread, in every branch of trade. 

The men who produce all the wealth 
don't seem to realize the power they 
hold to rectify this condition of things. 
Simply through the want of being edu- 
cated to realize their true condition and 
their ability to change these conditions 
they remain as they are. I may be ac- 
cused of dabbling in politics, but why, 
Mr. Editor, it is all politics; we cannot 
agitate anything for the good of the 
people without not only dabbling in it, 
but going into it altogether. Have the 
initiative and referendum introduced 
into every State of the Union. Then 
I predict that inside of five years you 
will see a change for the better that will 
astonish you. 

I could go on indefinitely on this sub- 
ject, but space is limited and valuable, 
so \ will close with wishing you and 
all the rest of the boys all kinds of suc- 
cess. Will write you again soon. 


U. S. S. S. "Stranger," 
Editor Journal ; Dec. 30, 1898. 

The season of "peace on earth," etc., 
finds this nation technically at peace 
with all the world, but oh! what a 
change in the attitude of the United 

How much have we drifted towards 
what is called imperialism in this last 
six months. I think I have noticed a 
certain amount of antagonism to this 
policy among the leaders of the labor 
world. To me it seems that they would 
only waste their strength by opposing 
what is the manifest destiny of the 
Anglo-Saxon race. Better use all the 
strength that God has given them in 
shaping this imperialism into a com- 
plexion compatible with the welfare of 
the common people, so that this nation 
ffoeth not towards Neroism — toward an 
imperialism of aristocrat and plebeian. 

Let us struggle on as the Germanic 
races have always struggled. Let ns 
shape to the utmost of our power the 
great economic revolution that must of 
necessity come over the civili/ed K^»*br 
and let us take comfort from a ^xk^aK 
sage, who says: "Of all the kinds t»l 

aristocracies that which is based on 
only money is so incomparably base as 
to be impossible; so base that no man 
with either head or heart but must be 
ashamed of supporting it. Great minds 
rule the world and a great mind is 
nearly always accompanied by the noble 

The emergency that took us one-year 
men into the United States navy having 
passed, they are weeding us out and 
we are fast returning to our old haunts 
and vocations with an exciting experi- 
ence to break the dull monotony of our 
lives. Speaking for myself, I am glad 
that I went through the episode of last 
summer in the West Indies, and I re?il- 
ize now more than ever what a miser- 
able business war is. 

The barbarity of modern civilization 
is well expressed in the demoniacal 
roar of a shell as it fills the peaceful 
vault of the blue with its devil's opera. 
How like some infernal demon wolf it 
goes ow-owing over the horizon into 
infinite space. There is in it the mul- 
titudinous wail of helpless orphans and 
mothers bereft And there is the waste 
of a nation's resources involved, in 
keeping in a state of warlike prepared- 
ness, that is something frightful to be- 
hold. The annual expense to this coun- 
try is already tremendous, with the 
army and navy only a mere fraction of 
what they are going to be. It is fate, 
and. I suppose, must be. 

Our work on the Cuban coast last 
summer in the extemporized gunboat 
"Stranger" turned out to be nothing 
more warlike than maintaining the 
"blockade" off Havana. I suppose we 
must have tantalized the Spanish gun- 
ners somewhat by keeping just out of 
their reach in the day time, only com- 
ing in close after dark. The Frisco did 
go in too close and they grave her about 
twenty shots, one wrecking the ad- 
niirnrs cabin! It was a weary business 
ftir us, with no sleeping accommoda- 
tions, poor food, hot water to drink and 
a cookie shell that pitched so badly 
in the least swell as to make life on 
her unbearable, with the added discom- 
f*)rt in the en»tine-room of a tempera- 
ture ranuinn {n>m i^K)* to 150°. We 
Imil, howcNet. a set of officers over us 
who matle us a< comtonable as they 
tosMiblv oould uuvler the circumstances. 

o \\\\t r«»uUI have boon more solicitous 
and tMirlnl o( wwx leal wcltare than our 
iai»taM\ rtu«l two senior otVuvr^, 

|trM\« \\\ the NU'inux ot the lodges at 
Ne\\|M»U Nr\N< and Von<i\UMuh. Va.. 
I \i*»i*d \\w^\\\ both, the titter several 
tiMui v\\\\\, \\\y\\\v^^ \\\ \,>\. I >\,is re- 
»n\ed \\\y\ \\w \\\\^\\\^\\ MM>. N\^:!^ing 


uigiiizea by 




was too good for me in the way of con- 
siderate attention and good will. There 
is a faithful band of workers in both 
lodges who have hopefully kept the or- 
ganization of both lodges through the 
moribund years just gone by. They are 
now beginning to see their hopes real- 
ized. The question now holding their 
attention is the attempt to get con- 
gress to allow extra pay for the over- 
time worked by men in the dock yard 
here during last summer in the war- 
time rush and with every chance of suc- 
cess if organized labor will go to the 
front and be identified with this reason- 
able grant by congress. It will ^ve the 
whole movement in this vicinity tjie 
prestige it at present so sadly lacks. 
Let every brother of our organization 
write to his congressman and urge him 
to favor this grant when it is intro- 
daced, as it will greatly encourage the 
brothers in the tidewater section and 
the whole Atlantic seaboard will be 
benefited. It is just by such means as 
this that a labor organization is built 
up and strengthened. 

I expect to be at liberty in about a 
week and plans for the future I have 
none, only wherever I am, I suppose, 
I must do my little bit for the cause. 
Yours fraternally, 


» < 

Springfield, Mo., Jan. 2, 1899. 
Editor Journal: 

The members and friends of organ- 
ized labor of Springfield had a love 
feast last Tuesday night in G. A. R. 
hall on St. Louis street. The occasion 
was provided by Machinists' Union No. 
17, I. A. of M., in the form of a 

The hall was well filled, nearly every 
seat being occupied. For some time 
past the machinists* local body have 
been desirous of holding an open meet- 
ing to which they could invite all mem- 
bers and friends of trades unions in the 
city, as well as men of their own craft 
who had never affiliated with the union. 
While the American Federation of La- 
bor convention was being held in Kan- 
sas City they decided to make an effort 
to get one of their international repre- 
sentatives to come here and deliver an 
address, and Stuart Reid, a member of 
the executive board of the International 
.Association of Machinists, was sent. 

The meeting was a very pleasant one 
and showed that the late reorganization 
of the Central Labor Union, in which 
all the trades tmions of the city are rep- 
resented by three delegates each, had 
given the cause of labor a tremendous 
impetus in Springfield. 

There were many present at the meet- 
ing who were not wage earners in the 
strictest sense of the term, and this is 
a source of encouragement, as it sho\^ 
that the principles declared "by the 
trades unions are slowly but surely 
commanding the attention of thought- 
ful men outside the world of labor. 

The meeting was called to otder by 
Brother F. N. Fitch, secretary-treasurer 
of the Machinists* Union, who an- 
nounced that Chalmers S. Baird had 
been selected to preside at the meeting. 

All the musical program was excel- 
lent and the audience encored each 
number. After the address by Mr. 
Baird an intermission was taken, whicli 
was enjoyed by smoking; the cigars be- 
ing, of course, all union made from the 
various factories of this city. 

The address of Brother Reid was in- 
teresting and instructive, and was ap- 
plauded by the audience. Mr. Reid is 
a Scotchman of medium height, with a 
pleasing voice and manner. His argu- 
ment along the line of labor was able 
and forcible. He called his hearers' at- 
tention to the condition of labor in this 
country and showed how the trades 
unions had benefited the laboring men, 
and how still further benefits could be 
attained if the workin^en would but 
use the opportunities within their reach. 
He spoke for one hour, and at the con- 
clusion asked all machinists and ma- 
chinists' apprentices present to remain 
for awhile to consider matters of in- 
terest to their craft. There were many 
who remained and the local unions re- 
ceived a number of applications for 

The machinists* "smoker" was such a 
success that several unions in the city 
have declared that they will also bring 
one or more of their representatives 
here to address the working men of 
Springfield in the near future and thus 
keep up the good work for organized 
labor here. 

As before mentioned, the meeting 
was presided over by Chalmers S. 
Baird, editor of the Springfield Mail, 
who in his address of three-fourths of 
an hour showed how the laboring 
classes had been benefited by organized 
labor, what organized labor had accom- 
plished and what it could accomplish 
if given the support it should have by 
the laboring classes. 

Mr. Baird next called the attention 
of the audience to the "munger," the 
man who is ever ready to reap the ben- 
efits derived by the organization of his 
craft, but who is not willing to become 
a member of the organization and 
thereby pay his share (in the shape of 

uigiiizea by 




dues, etc.} in defraying the expenses of 
the organization that has his welfare in 
view. Mr. Baird closed by announcing 
the intermission, in which several boxes 
of union-label cigars were sampled. 

I remain fraternally yours, 

R. S. 

P.'S. — We got ten applications (some 
were reinstatements). 


Scranton, Pa., Jan. i, 1899. 
Editor Journal: 

Electric City lodge, No. 230, held its 
seventh anniversary on Dec. 28 by hold- 
ing an entertainment and ball. The at- 
tendance was large — but not as large 
as it ou^ht to have been — to enjoy the 
good thmgs prepared by the commit- 
tee, whose efforts ought to have been 
rewarded by a crowded attendance. But 
it was greatly enjoyed by those that did 
attend. We had instrumental music by 
iirst-class artists, also songs and reci- 
tations, and a selection by the Ma- 
chinists' Glee Club, which was highly 

We had a real practical talk from 
Brother Charles C. Parrish of Brook- 
lyn. N. Y., who compared the condi- 
tions that exist in places where the ma- 
chinists are organized and where they 
are not, and the comparison was great- 
ly in favor of organization, for he 
showed plainly that where they are or- 
ganized they receive better treatment 
and better wages. After Brother Par- 
rish's address the committee served re- 
freshments and the entertainment 
wound up with dancing, which lasted 
until the **sma*, wee hours of the morn- 
ing.*' Fraternally yours, 



Stratford, Ont., Jan. 7, 1899. 
Editor Journal: 

Considering the inclement weather 
and short notice given, the labor meet- 
ing, under the auspides of Pioneer 
lodge, I. A. M., in the Y. M. C. A. 
hall last evening was fairly well attend- 
ed. Mayor O'Donoghue presided, and 
as he stated in opening the meeting, 
this will probably be the last meeting 
he will preside at in his capacity as 
mayor. Nothing, he said, suited him 
better than this duty, to wind up his 
official career. He regretted that there 
was not a better attendance. Working- 
men, he said, who had the idea that they 
were raising themselves in the estima- 
tion of their employers by staying away 

from meetings of this kind made a big 
mistake. As an instance he mentioned 
the action of General Manager Hays, 
of the Grand Trunk, in refusing to treat 
with the Telegraphers* committee untij 
they produced credentials. His Wor- 
ship then introduced Mr. Holmes, the 
speaker of the evening. 

Brother Holmes was heartily received 
and he immediately proceeded to deal 
with the subject of trades unions, and 
the great need of organization among 
the working classes. Lack of unity 
among laboring men, he said, was re- 
sponsible for long hours and small pay. 
As an example of what organization 
could accomplish, the speaker cited the 
case of the bricklayers' helpers of To- 
ronto, who a few years ago were work- 
ing for 15 cents per hour. Now, throutjh 
thorough organization, they are able to 
command 25 cents. The machine trade, 
he said, though requiring more skill 
and intelligence than most trades, was 
the most poorly paid, and to this he 
attributed lack of organized effort. 
Ministers of the gospel and other men 
of influence were taking up the labor 
question and were making an eflFort to 
understand it, and no doubt .the next 
few years would see great changes. La- 
bor unions were opposed to the piece- 
work system of working, whicn, he 
claimed, was the cause of a great deal 
of cut-throat work, and the pitting of 
man against man. Labor unions were 
not a cure-all for everything. Organ- 
ization was necessary to accomplish 
anything, and Ontario was coming well 
to the front in this regard. The Inter- 
national Machinists* Association, he 
said, was a strong body, and had done 
much for its members. It could accom- 
plish the most, however, where it had 
the co-operation of other unions. In 
this connection he urged the black- 
smiths and boilermakers of Stratford to 
organize and lend their assistance. Cap- 
italists are beginning to see the value 
of organization. The old rule, "Compe- 
tition is the life of trade," which held 
good for so long, was now reversed to 
•'Competition is the death of trade,*' 
and concentration and high prices are 
the order of the day. He believed in 
departmental stores, as they tended to 
show men the value of systematizing, 
and it would only be a short time, he 
claimed, when such institutions would 
be in the hands of trades unions. Mr. 
Holmes concluded by expressing the 
hope of being able to visit Stratford 
again at an early date. 

Fred Holwell then favored the audi- 
ence with a well-rendered clarinet solo, 
with Prof. Keller as accompanist. 

uigiiizea by 




Harry Wcstbrook, a member of the 
Amalgamated Society of Engineers, an 
English organization of machinists, was 
then called upon. He reviewed the 
growth of this body and the great 
struggles in which it had been involved 
in recent years. The Machinists* union, 
he said, although it had not accom- 
plished much in Stratford, was found 
to be of great advantage to members 
who chanced to pull up stakes and lo- 
cate in places where it was strong. 
Union men always got the preference 
on account of superior workmanship. 

Richard O'Neill, a member of Pio- 
neer lodge, was then called on. Though 
taken by surprise, he gave a spirited ad- 
dress, dealing largely with the condi- 
tion of labor in this city, claiming there 
was no better field for labor unions in 
Canada than Stratford. He urged the 
men to organize and stand up for their 

After a few further remarks by Mr. 
Holmes. Mr. Gildhart, secretary of Pio- 
neer lodge, made a brief address on the 
work of the society, and particularly of 
the local branch, which he claimed had 
accomplished more good than it was 
usually given credit for. 

The meeting was then concluded by 
a vote of thanks to Mayor O'Donoghue 
for his services as chairman. 

Fraternally, SCRIBE. 


Wilmington, Del., Jan. 8, 1899. 
Editor Journal: 

Permit me to present a few thoughts 
induced by the Conlin-Madden contro- 

The writer for a long time was self- 
conscious, which term, to my thinking 
at present, means an individualist; but 
since I became class-conscious my duty 
was plain and I soon found my way 
into a union of the L A. of M., and of 
course I became a defender and expo- 
nent of collectivism or socialism. In 
my opinion the person who announces 
himself as an individualist and at the 
same time belongs to a trade union is 
what we would call a mental acrobat. 

Since reading that excellent editorial 
in the January Journal and the re- 
mark of Carlyle's about the English 
workingman 1 earnestly hope every 
self-conscious brother will commit that 
editorial to memory and by the time 
he has accomplished this task, I firmly 
believe, the cobwebs will fall from his 
mind and he will then see the glorious 
future as it is revealed to the scientific 

Now, a few words in regard to the 
charge that socialists are union wrcojc.- 
ers: In their defense I will quote a 
resolution adopted by the Socialist 
Labor party in 1895, as follows: 

Whereas, We recognize the necessity of 
carrying on the war acrainst capitalism 
simultaneously on the political and eco- 
nomic fields; therefore, be it 

Resolved, That we recommend to all 
socialists to Join the organisations of the 
trades to which they respectively belong. 

That is plain enough, and where will 
you find another party that will put 
such a resolution through its national 

I am a little "shy" on Latin, so ex- 
cuse me for not ending this with a 
quotation. Fraternally, 

No. 184. J. P. EDWARDS. 

Marlboro, Mass., Jan. 10, 1899. 
Editor Journal: 

The Union Shoe Workers of Marl- 
boro, Mass., about 3,000 in number, are 
obliged to call upon their fellow union- 
ists and all sympathizers throughout 
the country for financial assistance. For 
many years our unions and our employ- 
ers have met on equal terms and set- 
tled prices and conditions of labor, but 
on Nov. 10, 1898, our manufacturers 
posted notices requiring each person to 
renounce the union and sign individual 
agreements for one year, at prices re- 
duced from 15 to 40 per cent. Our 
members have unanimously decided to 
refuse to surrender their right to main- 
tain organization and on Nov. 14, 1898, 
the union men and women unanimously 
ceased work, to remain out until such 
time as the employers will recognize 
them as unionists. Our early appeal is 
rendered necessary because a three 
months* strike in one of the factories 
has reduced our funds, and, besides, we 
have large numbers and are making 
preparations for a long contest. If the 
hundreds of thousands of organized 
wage workers will make a small week- 
ly contribution we shall be able to hold 
out indefinitely. 

We ask our affiliated trades to circu- 
late these subscriptions by reliable par- 
ties each week in factories, quarries or 
other places and keep them going each 
week until our victory is won. All fa- 
vors, small or large, will be thankfully 
received. Send all money to John j. 
Dalton. 77 Washington street. Treas- 
urer Relief Committee, Marlboro, 
Mass., and send notice of remittance to 
B. P. Dorsey, 198A Main street, Marl- 
boro, Mass. 

As the S. H. Howe Shoe Co., J. A. 
Frye and Rice & Hutchins have boy- 

uigiiizea by 




cotted organized labor, we deem it the 
jduty of all labor unions to withdraw 
their patronage from all shoe dealers 
who sell shoes made by either of the 
above mentioned unfair firms. Please 
appoint committees at once to wait 
upon your shoe dealers with the above 
object in view. 
Thanking all in anticipation of their 

fenerous assistance, we remain, 
To All Affiliated Trades: 

The undersigned heartily indorse the 
above appeal and on behalf of our na- 
tional union, which is now facing a 
crisis, we beg unionists of all trades to 
circulate these petitions weekly, and 
thus aid our worthy members in Marl- 
boro, Mass., in their determined strug- 
gle to maintain their organization. 


General President. 
General Secretary-Treasurer. 


Knoxville, Tcnn., Jan. 12, 1899. 
Editor Journal: 

About seven years ago a reduction of 
10 per cent in wages was instituted by 
the officials of the Southern Railway 
system, the promise being made that 
when the system was placed upon a 
"money-making basis" wages would be 
restored. During these seven years 
many changes have taken place in the 
management of the system. The offi- 
cials who made the promise are not 
with the Southern now; others have 
taken their places. Many of the men 
whose pay was affected by the cut have 
left the employ of the company and 
many others have been employed since 
that time. As a result of these changes 
many obstacles arose affecting a fulfill- 
ment of these promises and a return to 
the rates of wages formerly in force, 
and the employes began to lose faith 
in the company s living up to the terms 
as pledged by its former officials. 

Some six months ago, while business 
was at its height, the employes of the 
system, impatient at the long delay, de- 
termined to put an end to the suspense, 
and a committee was sent to Washing- 
ton to interview the present officials, 
with the result that promises were made 
of an immediate consideration of the 
question by the management. Three 
months went by and no sign of remedy 
from that source was apparent, so the 
Grand lodge was appealed to for advice 

and assistance. This was granted and 
Organizer Stuart Reid was sent over the 
system to arrange for concerted action 
by the machinists. This being quickly 
effected, and it appearing impossible to 
convince the other trades of the impor- 
tance of organization and united effort, 
the machinists determined to look after 
their own interests and leave the others 
to a contemplation of their folly. It 
is unnecessary to state the methods em- 
ployed by our leaders. Suffice it to say 
from the moment the machinists went 
into the movement as an organization 
everything has pointed to a successful 
and satisfactory result, and it is with an 
increased feeling of pride and pleasure 
that I inform the membership, through 
the columns of the Journal, of this fur- 
ther evidence of the strength and virtue 
of our association. 

Brother O'Connell, our G. M. M., of 
whom we are all so justly proud, was 
with us last night, having come from 
Washington, where he and Brother 
Pleas McClung. of Hill City lodge, and 
Brothers William Shepard, of Man- 
chester, Va., and John McCurrie, ^f 
Atlanta, held a long conference with 
the third vice-president and general 
manager of the Southern, Mr. Frank S. 
Gannon. A meeting of our lodge was 
called, eighty-five members being pres- 
ent. After initiating four new mem- 
bers. Brother O'Connell was invited to 
make a report in regard to the confer- 
ence. The earnest and intelligent man- 
ner in which he complied with our re- 
quest only added to the good feeling 
and respect in which he is held by our 
members, and his words commanded 
the attention of all present. During his 
remarks Brother O'Connell paid a 
high tribute to Hill City lodge. No. 58, 
for which we feel exceedingly grateful, 
and the compliment to our successful 
efforts in the line of duty is highly ap- 
preciated. The G. M. M. praised Hill 
City lodge for taking the lead in this 
important movement and asserted that 
to our determined and united action ^t 
its inception, and the steadfastness of 
purpose which has characterized its 
progress during many weeks of sus- 
pense, is due the gratitude of the entire 
membership in the present victory. He 
spoke for over an hour, reviewing the 
whole trouble, giving facts and figures 
and enumerating the advantages we 
had gained in this great struggle. He 
emphasized the point that 40,000 em- 
ployes of the Southern owed to the rna- 
chinists alone the increase they had 
received; that others had sat back and 
refused to assist in this effort, while the 
machinists had spent their time and 

uigiiizea by 




^ bring it to a successful issue, 

*hat our efforts are crowned 

it is to be hoped the unor- 

\ill appreciate the urgent 

•anization if they would 

•lie fruits of our vic- 

■le our executive 

others O'Connell 

r tireless and pains- 

.. our behalf. We are ex- 

^t.iieful to these two gentle- 

: tile able and efficient aid and 

' ^«jme advice given us and the 

x\\\ hardships endured by them in our 

unimon interest. Friendly relations 
exist between our association and the 
officials of the Southern, thanks to the 
good judgment of Brother O'Conn^ll 
and the pleasant manner in which Gen- 
eral Manager Gannon received our "H. 
M. M. and delegates augurs well for the 
future, this being the first instance in 
which the leader of a labor organiza- 
tion has been recognized by the man- 
agement of the Southern system. 

As stated above, the increase affects 
about 40,000 workmen and means an in- 
crease of some $200,000 annually in the 
payroll of the Southern. To the ma- 
chinists this represents an increase of 
about 5 per cent, and General Man- 
ager Gannon assured our committee 
that as soon as the net earnings of the 
road would justify it a further increase 
would be forthcoming. Mr. Gannon 
volunteered the further information that 
the officials of the system took great 
pride in the skill and efficiency of their 
mechanics, especially the machinists. 
and assured the committee of the de- 
Mre of the management to give the em- 
ployes of the Southern system as high 
f'f higher wages than is paid by any 
other railroad company in the South. 

It is scarcely necessary to comment 
on the good results gained by this 
movement in the way of strengthening 
and solidifying our organization in this 
neighborhood, and it is the purpose of 
the officers and the membership at large 
to let no opportunity pass in the direc- 
tion of profit by our experience, and it 
\^ sincerely hoped that those in other 
departments will also take heart and 
follow, the example so forcibly illus- 
trated by the progress of affairs in our 
glorious organization. 

Organize, fellow workmen! Organ- 

Fraternal ly, 

W. R. R. 

Grand Rapids, Mich., Jan. 11, 1899. 
Editor Journal : 
It is so seldom that there is any- 

thing in the Journal from our city, and 
having members in different parts of 
the country who get the Journals and 
possibly would like to hear from 
"home," I will try and write a little, 
and if this is a failure please excuse, as 
this is my first attempt. 

We elected as M. M. the **jolly poli- 
tician," Brother Koperski. For F. we 
elected Brother Bente. Our P. M. is 
Brother Fred Waller, well known to 
every member of 191, also to members 
of the Grand lodge. 

For chaplain we have Brother Vis. 
the "great and only Dan." Most of the 
brothers remember Daniel had a "wood 
pile," but he has that all split or is 
burning coal, for he attends lodge reg- 
ularly now. 

Business in our city is fair, but we 
have plenty of machinists to do the 

No. 191 is steadily adding new mem- 

With best wishes for the I. A. of M. 
I am. Yours fraternally, 



Washington, D. C., Jan. 12, 1899. 
Editor Journal: 

It seems very necessary that trades 
unionists, besides being skilled in their 
respective trades, should be proficient in 
other arts and sciences, in language par- 
ticularly. Doubtless some are so fur- 
nished for the battle of life and through 
such attainments rise to the eminence of 
being a labor leader. When, however, 
they get there, they are like the general 
of an army — a very small omission or 
oversight may turn what may have been 
a splendid victory into a disastrous de- 

Unfortunately the readers of the 
Journal are not in possession of all the 
conversation and correspondence in 
connection with the interview between 
the Secretary of the Navy and the 
President of the A. F. of L. as reported 
on pages 706 and 711 of the December 
issue. But it is very doubtful if the 
amended order issued by the former, 
after being approved by the latter, will 
be such a victory as some may suppose. 
The language is ambiguous, and may 
cause much future difficulty to all con- 
cerned. For instance: Suppose some 
commandant conceives a desire to have 
a certain job finished at an earlier date 
than previously intended, and to do so. 
orders a few machinists to work ten or 
twelve hours a day for a few days, would 
that be an "extraordinary emergency?" 
or only an ordinary one? or would it be 

• uigiiizea Dy vjv^vjQlC 



an emergency at all? Yet in any case 
the workmen would want to be paid at 
the advanced rate. But if the com- 
mandant happens to be one just pro- 
moted, and who wants to show how 
smart he is in getting a job done on 
time, he may decide that this is not an 
"extraordinary emergency," and so 
there would be more trouble. 

The excuse offered by the secretary 
for inserting those words does not ap- 
pear to be satisfactory to many, for if 
the law required their insertion, and Sec- 
retary Long desired to settle the matter 
definitely it may have been stated thus: 
"For work performed in excess of eight 
hours per day the ordinary rate shall be 
allowed with fifty per cent additional; 
but no such extra work shall be re- 
quired except in cases of extraordinary 
emergency." But it may be that there 
was some power antagonistic to the 
workers, which the secretary wished to 
conciliate; if so, he has made manifest 
his command of diplomatic language, 
by which he can accommodate both par- 
ties. It is to be regretted that Presi- 
dent Gompers did not see this point 
when he was conferring with the secre- 
tary, but perhaps the trade union may 
be made an educator for a labor leader 
as well as for a laborer. 



» * 


Oil City, Pa., Jan. 13, 1899. 
Editor Journal: 

When the rap of the gavel announced 
t1ie adjournment of the meeting on the 
night of Dec. 31. 1898, it brought to 
a close one of the most successful years 
in the history of No. 113. With a staff 
of ofticers who have the interest of the 
association at heart, and with a con- 
servative membership, it has become a 
local of which the Grand lodge may 
feel justly proud. Its percentage of 
members in good standing is far above 
the average, and its record of members 
dropped seems to have been reduced 
to a minimum. With every financinj 
obligation cleared up. it still has a bank 
account upon which all the members 
look with pride, and this surplus is 
regarded with a sacredness which is 
amusing to say the least. 

The lodge has been ably represented 
in the Central Labor Council and has 
faithfully performed its share of the 
work allotted to it by that body. In 
fact, it may be said that the various 
lodges of other crafts in the city, with 
apparent recognition of the superiority 
of No. 113, have repeatedly shown a 

dependence upon it which has at times 
amounted almost to imposition. Noth- 
ing daunted, however, it has pushed on- 
ward, leaving no stone unturned in the 
interest of labor and its actions with 
reference to public matters has at all 
times been such as to command the 
respect and admiration of the entire 
community. There have, of course, at 
times arisen dissensions of a trivial 
nature, but without these no organiza- 
tion can be a success, and they have 
only tended to increase the zeal and 
promote the sincerity of its members. 

During the week preceding Dec. 17 
postals announcing a meeting of spe- 
cial importance on that date were sent 
through the mails to every member. 
These announcements were uniquely 
composed and read something like this: 

Oil City, Pa., Dec. 12, '98. 
Dear Sir and Bro. : 

You are requested to be present at 
the next regular meeting of Oil City 
lodge. 113, I. \. of M.. on Dec. 17 
at 8 P. M. A smoker. &c., &c.. &c.. 
&c., &c., &c., will be special features. 
By order of the lodge, 
R. S. 

The "and so forths" referred to was 
the annual election of officers. When 
the meeting was called to order every 
seat in the lodge room was filled, and 
by the time it was in session one-half 
hour, chairs went up to a premium. If 
any of the members present had any 
"troubles of their own," they certainly 
must have been forgotten amidst the 
good cheer and friendly rivalry which 
prevailed throughout the meeting. 
Amidst clouds of blue smoke which 
emanated from the fragrant "Ilavanas" 
the tellers were kept busy for at least 
two hours before the choice of the 
members for the different offices was 
finally determined. It is to the writer 
a matter of much regret that the lim- 
ited space allotted correspondents for- 
bids special mention of the merits pos- 
sessed by our most prominent mem- 
bers. It would, however, be unfair to 
bring an article of this nature to a 
close without paying a slight tribute to 
our Past Master, Thomas B. Gavin. 
With him the principles of humanity 
and the principles of unionism are ever 
synonymous, and when the clouds of 
adversity seem thickest words of en- 
couragement are never wanting from 
Brother Gavin. That he will continue 
the good work for which he seems es- 
pecially fitted is a foregone conclusion. 
This is also suggestive of Brother Jas. 
M. McNamara. for of him it can truth- 
fully be said that the uplifting of man- 
uigiiizea oy xjv_/v>'^l\w 



kind in general, and especially in the 
community in which he resides, is the 
pre-eminent aim of his life. 

For our new officers we predict the 
same success which has characterized 
the administration of their predecessors, 
for with the proper co-operation on the 
pan of the members, there is no reason 
why the coming year should not equal, 
if not surpass, the year just brought 
to a close. 




New Brighton, Pa., Jan. 13, 1899. 
Editor Journal : 

The readers of the Journal very sel- 
dom hear anything from No. 296, but 
nevertheless we are not asleep. On 
Saturday evening, December 17th, we 
gave a "Smoker** to the machinists of 
Beaver Valley. Bro. Jos. Carney, of the 
Amalgamated Iron and Steel Workers 
of Pittsburg, was the speaker of the 
evening, and I will say that Brother 
Carney is a dandy. He took the boys 
by storm. 

.\fter the speaking we were enter- 
tained by the Sixth Avenue Theater Or- 
chestra and Mr. William Hodgkinson, 
of Fallstown, gave a few vocal selec- 
tions, which were very appropriate to 
the address by Brother Carney. After 
this we adjourned to the dining room, 
where mine host Braden had spread a 
sumptuous repast for the boys. After 
finishing in the dining room the boys 
enjoyed themselves playing cards, 
smoking and partaking of "liquid re- 
freshments," which had been kindly do- 
nated us by the diflFerent dealers and 
manufacturers of such goods. We re- 
ceived six names, but have not yet in- 
itiated any of the applicants. 

At 12 o'clock the boys left for home, 
and I think they were all ready to go. 
I. for one, think it is a good thing to get 
the boys together in that way, as it 
creates a good social feeling. Hoping 
the next one we give we will be able to 
have some of our Grand Lodge officers 
with us, I remain, 

F. H. CAREY, Sec'y No. 296. 

Editor Journal: 

As the convention is not far oflF at 
which subjects concerning the advance- 
ment of the machinist will be taken into 
consideration, we wish to call the at- 
tention of the members of the associa- 
tion to one subject in particular — viz.: 

placing our Grand treasury on a sound 
iinancKil basis. 

Our organization has covered a pe- 
riod of ten years and the first of this 
year finds us with $6,308.06 in our 
Grand treasury, an amount which is by 
far too small for our organization. It 
is true that we have paid out large 
amounts to maintain the principles of 
our order, and while this drain on our 
treasury was going on the income into 
it, in a manner, remained the same. 

At the last convention the per capita 
was raised from fifteen to twenty cents 
to increase the revenue of the Grand 
treasury. While it has increased it the 
expenditures for strikes, etc., does not 
leave us much ahead. For example 
take the Hoe press strike, which was of 
short duration. The amount it cost 
us to win that strike was half of what 
we had in our Grand treasury at that 
time, and not considering the assistance 
they received from the subordinate 
lodges. If there should have been a 
repetition of this case in a month or so 
afterwards and it would have taken a 
like amount to conduct the same it 
would have placed our Grand treasury 
in bankruptcy. If the brothers wished 
to continue the fight they would have 
had to depend on assessments and vol- 
untary contributions for financial assist- 

A great many of our brothers are 
aware of the difficulties that are encoun- 
tered when these kind of contributions 
are asked for, and for those who are not 
we will mention a few of common oc- 

One of our lodges appeals to the 
subordinate lodges for assistance. This 
lodge does not ask for aid until it has 
exhausted all of its available means. 
Then it is that assistance is needed, and 
needed quickly. Some of our lodges 
are in a condition to respond with a 
good donation upon receipt of this ap- 
peal, but how many of our lodges are 
there that could do so without plac- 
ing their treasury in a strained con- 
dition? Then the members of these 
lodges are asked to contribute in order 
that they may be able to send a half- 
way reasonable amount to our brothers 
who are struggling to maintain the 
principles of our organization. The 
few dollars that is made up and sent 
to them is not in accordance with what 
it should be, for some of the brothers 
when asked to contribute to this cause 
will say: "I would like to give a little 
more, but I am paying for my olace 
and it is almost impossible for me to 
spare this.'* Another one will say: 
"I am sorry that this has caught me in 
uigiiizea oy vjiv^v>'p^L\^ 



such a position, as I can not give what 
I should. I have had sickness in my 
family and it has thrown me away be- 
hind. Some of our brothers are 
working four or five days a week when 
this appeal comes, and they are not 
able to give what they should. And so 
it is throughout the country. [We 
wait until trouble comes before we pre- 
pare for it.] 

Now, these brothers have given in 
the past and would like to give more 
freely, but the conditions are such when 
the appeal comes that they fall short in 
their donations. The result is that the 
lodge in need of assistance does not get 
the support it should; the principles for 
which they were fighting for are lost, 
and organized labor has again been de- 
feated. All on account of its members 
not having a sufficient amount in the 
Grand treasury to defray the expenses 
of these cases. With the proper amount 
in the Grand treasury these cases could 
be more successfully handled, even if 
they should happen more frequently in 
the future than they have in the past. 

We believe that at least one hundred 
thousand dollars ($100,000) should be 
in our Grand treasury at all times. This 
could be accomplished by higher dues, 
but in that way it would take too long. 
The sooner our treasury is placed on a 
sound basis the better it will be for our 

For reimbursing our treasury we 
wish to place before our brothers for 
discussion the following plan: 

We have a membership of 20,000. Let 
the next convention instruct our Grand 
officers to levy an assessment of ($1) 
one dollar per quarter on each member 
(in addition to our regular dues); the 
four assessments would amount to 
($80,000) eighty thousand dollars in a 
year. If the $80,000 and the amount we 
have on hand at the end of that year 
would not equal the $100,000 let the 
Grand officers levy the fifth assessment 
and make the amount $100,000 (we are 

figuring on our expenses not being any 
more next year than they were this), 
and whatever is drawn from the Grand 
treasury to be .used in strikes, etc., shall 
be replaced by an assessment, providing 
that the per capita of the following 
month would not replace the amount 
drawn out of the treasury. 

With this amount in readiness in our 
treasury assistance would be assured 
and the lodge in need of assistance 
would be saved the time it takes to 
print circulars, send them throughout 
the United States, Canada and Mexico; 
wait for these lodges to call meetings 
and then send the money. We don't 
doubt that this will seem to many of 
our brothers a little too large an assess- 
ment; but, brothers, it would not be 
much harder to pay these assessments 
now than it would be to respond to the 
call for aid from two or three of our 
lodges in one year. 

One dollar per quarter is thirty-three 
and one-third* cents a month, or about 
eight cents per week. A member of a 
labor organization who has joined such 
an organization to benefit himself and 
others of his craft should not object to 
paying such a small amount when the 
total would place his organization in 
such a financial condition, though a half 
dozen such strikes as the Hoe Press 
were on. At the same time it would 
not place his treasury in a strained con- 
dition. Not only would this amount 
in our treasury relieve our brothers who 
are struggling for our principles from 
dependence on what might be called 
the charity of the members, which is so 
often regulated by depression of busi- 
ness, but it would also prove a drawing 
card in the way of membership. Ma- 
chinists who are outside of our organ- 
ization would be more anxious to join 
us with this large surplus in our treas- 
ury than in our present condition. 


The showy windows once airain with valentines are teeminj?, 

With gems of Illustrated love anil iMiplilH plump and fat. 
And many pretty maidens in their nightly Bleep are dreaminv 

Of dart-pierced hearts and uiulressfii k^hIs. and all 8uoh thirrKs as that. 
But maidens of maturer years are ftlled with apprehension. 

For well they know some horrid man will utook thvir dreavlful fate. 
By sending them rude earicaturt^a too hl.Uuua to mention. 
As if theirs was the fault fur llvlnii tu a Bin^le utate. 

—Denver Post. 

Digitized by 


• "^ * • • \ <•■» • • • « » « • I ..If,', • , . n* All 
*f •* ♦ I » » '. • . • . . M • •. . J. .| I .t * «• •• •%»»# 

* r !»•• • • • fc "^ » •• • *»•«•« 

fir. *• f • !.«•.* . !.•*•'.• r« 

• .-. a- •: .'«,'•.•.•.• -# 
• •* • t I I . • • • fc •• •• ; • 

« • k . » » • a » , . . ».'.r . • " • • . • 

• i •• • 'ij Ji* J » *% m »% «•■»♦» I* * • »*.••.» t • ,» 

^.! . • . 

»«• t J » 4» ■ . « ' % I * • . ^ . . t t . . 

•«•'••» * ••! \ -• 1 •' ,! I* I , .'11 . •• • . 

• «. » I » ,. . : • . , ... f . ' . » • • • 
' i • «.' ;|. , . I . . t . . 

t • . . »♦ . # • 

, • * I • 

A : «" 1 • »• '^ 

Digitized by 


56 srS- t/ONTHL y JOURNAL. 

Delegate to A. F. of I*. Convention. 

Digitized by 


Bricklayers and stone masons re- 
Itised to join the A. F. of L. 

Tobacco workers* congress in Paris 
declared for the eight-hour day. 

A New York dispatch says that the 
iniernatioiuil thread trust has $300,000,- 
000 capital behind it. 

An Illinois judge has decided that the 
"union labor only" clause in ordinances 
and laws is unconstitutional. 

In I^ndon, Ont.. the Socialists — in 
their second municipal contest — polled 
656 to 923 votes, over 100 per cent gain. 

Omaha C. L. U. refused to expell the 
Ijfayette painters' faction, declaring 
that it will not be bulldozed by the A. 
F. of L. 

Amalgamated Society of Carpenters 
now has 56,936 members, gaining 3,600 
]ai>t year, and had saved $60,000 in six 

Oxford College, in England, proposes 
to establish a branch college for labor 
agitators, which may be regarded with 
some suspicion. 

The trust bakeries in Chicago have 
been equipped with new machines by 
which three men and two boys can do 
the work of 50 men. 

Molders of Albany. Troy and Sche- 
nectady have been injunctioned from 
boycotting a concern in which there is 
a strike. Injunction is temporary. 

The Siegel & Cooper department 
store magnates are establishing branch 
houses in the South to the great de- 
moralization of the old-fogy one-line 

In the case of a Columbus, O., union- 
ist who had been brought into court 
upon the charge of violating the anti- 
trust law. the lower court held that a 
trade union is not a trust. 

A London cable announces that Brit- 
ish capitalists are agitating the forma- 
tion of trusts to keep pace with Amer- 
ican competitors. They fear that the 
Yankees will encroach still further on 
their markets. 

The American steel and wire trust has 
"readjusted" the wages of its New 

Castle employes to the Beaver Falls 
basis, which is lower than the Cleveland 
scale. Another "readjustment" at the 
latter place may be anticipated. 

The New York Central Railway and 
the Metropolitan street railway system 
of New York city will adopt the com- 
pressed air plan of motive power. It is 
claimed that there is greater economy 
in every respect in compressed air pow- 
er than in steam or electricity. 

The four big loan corporations in 
Canada have decided to consolidate, 
and in all the cities of the Dominion 
the deal will aflfect large office staffs, 
where one office will take the place of 
four. The combine will have a paid 
up capital of $6,000,000. a reserve of 
$2,000,000, and assets of $25,000,000. 

Sometime ago the United States Su- 
preme Court declared the railway traffic 
associations illegal. Now the railway 
magnates and Interstate Commerce 
commissioners are discussing plans to 
adopt uniform rates, which is precisely 
what the pools were organized for. So 
the railway trust is bound to come after 

There is a big strike on of cigarmak- 
ers at Tampa, Fla., the workers de- 
manding higher wages. The trouble, 
according to a tobacco journal, is hav- 
ing a tendency to bring the employers 
into a combine. An effort is being made 
to get all the manufacturers together 
and fix a scale of wages, and pledge all 
to stick to it at any cost and to assist 
each other in controversies. 

Rockefeller's Standard Oil trust rais- 
ed the price of gasoline at wholesale 50 
per cent: the same gentleman's new 
copper trust has advanced prices; the 
new photograph paper trust has done 
the same thing; the wire and nail trust 
raised prices, and some of the iron and 
steel combines are following suit. So it 
goes. It is to be hoped that those Dem- 
ocrats who were wildly clamoring for 
higher prices in '96 will now be happy. 

The Standard Oil Co.'s distilling and 
distributing combine has been reorgan- 
ized and acquired possession of nearly 
all competing concerns. — A pressed steel 
car combine, capitalized at $25,000,000, 

^ idOz^ySiJogle 



has been formed. — A pool of all the 
concerns building freight cars is organ- 
izing. — ^The linseed oil trust has been 
reorganized with Standard Oil capital 
behind it and about all firms in line. — 
The $15,000,000 chewing gum is being 
rapidly completed. 

Bebel, the leader of the Socialists, 
stood upon the floor of the German 
Reichstag a few days ago and declared 
that the time is past when any king, 
prince or potentate dares take the in- 
itiative in a European wvtr because the 
people of his country will rise in their 
might and sweep him from power. The 
speech created an immense sensation 
in European capitals, and shows that 
the international socialist movement is 
now powerful enough to defy royalty, 
capitalism and its powers. 

A startling story comes from Lon- 
don. It is to the effect that the em- 
ployers are organizing a general feder- 
ation along the line of the one that 
defeated the engineers and machinists 
in the great struggle of a year ago and 
for the purpose of destroying trade 
unions. Each firm locking out its em- 
ployes for being connected with a union 
will be indemnified to the extent of its 
previous year's profits. One concern 
IS reported to have started the ball roll- 
ing by contributing $175,000 to a fund 
to be used when the attack begins. It 
is also proposed to bring pressure to 
bear upon Parliament to grant favor- 

able legislation protecting capital, as is 
the custom in America. Thus the Brit- 
ish workingmen are being slowly and 
surely forced into a corner where they 
will surely recognize their superior 
numbers and strike a powerful blow 
with their political weapon. 

The New York press depicts the con- 
ditions of the hfew England factory 
girls, many of whom become so des- 
perate through their hard lot, without 
hope of improvement, that they will 
marry anyj)ody that comes along, get a 
divorce in two weeks, take another hus- 
band, get another divorce, and so on. 
Young bloods go from Boston, Provi- 
dence, New Haven and other large 
cities to the mill towns, engage .them- 
selves to the girls, marry some, discard 
them, promise others homes and happi- 
ness, desert them for new loves, and 
generally prey upon these unfortunate 
creatures, whose lot in life drives them 
to accept any change that offers. Men 
marry these girls under assumed names, 
and after the honeymoon disappear. No 
questions are asked; the situation is ac- 
cepted as a matter of course. Once in 
a while there is a mysterious murder. 
The estimate is that 100,000 young 
working girls are dragged into prostitu- 
tion annually in the United States. 
This indictment of the present indus- 
trial hell is being extensively copied 
by foreign journals to show what Amer- 
ica is coming to. 


She was ten and I was twelve. 

And her beau: 
And I well recall a line, 
"I am thine and thou art mine." 
In her childish valentine. 

Long ago. 
She was ten, the winsome elve— 
She was ten and I was twelve. 

She was ten and I was twelve: 

Back there sped 
To her tiny loving heart. 
My reply, a work of art, 
••We shall never, never part"— 

Thus It read. 
She was ten, the winsome elve— 
She was ten and I was twelve. 

She was ten and I was twelve: 

Time the jade- 
Time has made me old and gray; 
She is gray and old. they say. 
Round us children play to-day, 

As we played. 
She has ten, my old-time elve— 
She has ten and I have twelve! 
-Earle Hooker Eaton In The Century. 

Digitized by 






HAS HofPlh lAAS 

. -t *« • K « • • ■ • 

« « • « ^ • .1 r « « 

» . « 

. w 

t • t 

• r • » » I 

• .« I % tfcr 'f « 

• * ' Mr . . • • . 

«• *•«] 'ft *««««' • 

• . .rr \ ^, r. A .f 

I •■ « I* 

I • ' # • 

' •• • •• * < . • • I 

• • • 

^ . . 

* • • « 

• • 

• • • 

Digitized by 




do everything in the easiest way to save 
hiniself all the labor possible, to accom- 
plish things as smoothly as he can. 
Daniel also likes good clothes, good 
meals, and a good time, but he wants 
everybody else to have the same things 
and to have just as good and easy a 
time. If Daniel wants a new suit and 
his wife needs a new gown at the same 
time, Daniel gets her the gown first, 
and somehow things always come his 
way so that he doesn't have to wait 
long for his suit. If Daniel comes in 
worn out, eager to throw himself on the 
big divan in their little library, and he 
sees a tired look about Mrs. Daniel's 
eyes, he always picks her up and puts 
her down tenderly on the divan, and 
somehow Mrs. Daniel makes room for 
Daniel and he soon finds himself com- 
fortably ensconced beside her. To fiim 
sense of ease develops into a charming 
unselfishness instead of into abhorrent 
selfishness. A man without any sense 
of ease would be a most uncompanion- 
able creature. He'd never want to 
make things comfortable about him, 

and I don't know but I'd rather be tied 
to one with a wrong sense of ease like 
Bob's than to one with no sense of ease 
at all. But. thank heavens! there arc 
lots of Daniels in this world. In fact, 
the world is full of them if we women 
only knew how to distingfuish them 
from the Bobs. To tell the tmth, I've 
no patience with this theory concern- 
ing the universahty of man's selfishness. 
I like man. I think he is a great, glo- 
rious, good, and wonderful being, and 
he is certainly an entertaining and 
amusing one. If a girl gets taken in 
on a Bob and misses a Daniel it is not. 
only her misfortune, but also her fault, 
and precious little sympathy she gets 
out of me, for. as I said before, there 
are Daniels a-plenty." 

"That throws new light on Algy's 
character," remarked Algy's admirer. 

*'Yes, it does," answered the other 
girl, "and I for one intend to make a 
study of this sense of ease before I de- 
cide positively." 

Racine, Wis. 


Oh, this Is the time when we ull have a 
To settle old scores with our friends: 
Enjoylnif which prospect we gleefully 
While joy with our sentiment blends: 
We'll send to each friend whom we love 
and adore, 
With loving and lofty Intent, 
A valentine, boasting of humor galore — 
The kind that you buy for a cent. 

Oh, sarcasm, Irony, humor, and wit, 

I^on its brli^ht surface you'll find. 
And If you'd administer the "diK" or the 

Or "Jab" that Is tender and kind. 
If that's your intention, the thing you 
should do 

Is, buy— ere your ardor is spent— 
A valentine comic, too urood to l)e true—' 

The kind that you get for a cent. 

Indeed, it's more blessed to give than to 
And Rivers at times even earn 
A blessing that's double. For instance, 
I'll bet 
The srlver gets blessings to burn 
From him who receiveth on Valentine 
His Joy of existence to dent. 
The valentine comic, the valentine gay— 
The kind that you buy for a cent. 
— Kdward Jeidell In New York World. 

Digitized by 




About four years ago the order came 
to key the eccentric on all locomotives 
as they passed through the shops. Our 
first experience was, after setting the 
valves, to mark, drill and chip the key- 
ways while the wheels were under the 
engine. This was fotmd to be a thank- 
less task, for when an engine is so near 
completion it is wanted in a hurry. 

By hard thinking we found a rule 
which can be relied on. If it does not 
come right every time it is safe to as- 
sume that either the workman was not 
accurate or that the eccentric blades do 
not come in line with the lower rocker 

driving-axle where the eccentric is lo- 
cated; draw a line, A B, to represent 
the piston-line and equal in length to 
the distance from center of driving- 
axle, A, to the center of crosshead 
wrist-pin, B, when crosshead is at for- 
ward end of guides. At A erect a 
line, C D, at right angles to line A B; 
find the point E and distance below 
line A B to represent the lower rocker 
arm-pin when the lower rocker-arm 
stands at right angles to line E A, 
which represents the center line of mo- 
tion. At A erect another line, F G, at 
right angles to A E; for convenience 
we will call this the valve-line. Next 
find how much the top rocker-arm T T, 
Fig- 3, will travel when the lower rock- 

We have keyed the eccentrics on 
some two hundred locomotives in the 
past four years, and all were done while 
the wheels were out from under the 
engine, and many keyways were put in 
axle before the wheels were pressed on. 
In many cases oflfset keys were re- 
quired, but this was the reason: Either 
the workman was inaccurate or the 
blade did not come in line with lower 
rocker arm-pin. 

The operation is as follows: Take a 
piece of tin, U, Fig. i, say 12x12 inches, 
and tack it on a bench or board, if con- 
venient. About the center, A, draw a 
circle, R, to represent the diameter of 

er-arm, 2 2, has traveled the distance 
equal to the throw of eccentric. This 
will be equal to the travel of valve; 
from A as a center scribe a circle S 
with diameter equal to valve travel. 
Now find the lap and bead, say ^-inch 
lap and i -16- inch bead; add these to- 
gether and you have 13-16-inch. Now 
from valve-line F G, Fig. i, draw I H, 
which we will call the lap and bead- 
line, 13-16-inch, M and N in front of and 
parallel to line F G. From A draw line 
A O and line A P through where line 
I H intersects valve travel, circle S 
at J and K. Point O will represent the 
center of keyway of forward eccentric 

Digitized by 




and point P will represent the center of 
keyway of backup eccentric on one side 


Fig, 2 

of the engine. Now carry to opposite 

side for same results. The keyways are 
supposed to be on center line, drawn 
through the center of outside of eccen- 
tric and the axle center. 

If working on one class of engines, 
make template shown in Fig. 2 and set 
template so L, Fig. 2, and L, Fig. i, 
come together; then mark point O and 
P. In this case only two points are 
necessary, and those two points are the 
crank-pin quarter-lines. 

[The above article was clipped from 
Locomotive Engineering of May, i8q3. 
and is reproduced here by request. — 


The accompanying sketch shows a 
simple yet effective device for removing 
steam-chest studs without jamming or 
destroying them, as one is almost cer- 
tain to do by using a jaw wrench, or 

will be noticed tha.t the key is slightly 
hollowed out on the inner side to allow 
of two good bearing surfaces, a and b. 
Place the nut over the stud to be re- 
moved, and tap the key down until it 

injuring the threads, as is very often 
the case in using jam nuts. It consists, 
as will be seen, of a nut which has had 
the thread bored out, leaving a smooth 
hole, and a tapered key fitted into a key- 
way which has been cut in one side. It 

has a good strong hold. Apply any 
strong nut wrench and the tightest bolt 
can be removed without the least bit of 
slip: To disengage the nut, tap the key 
on the under side.-— Ralph C. Davison, 
in American Machinist. 



Oh. maiden with the dimpled cheeks 

And eyes that are divine. 
My soul through this poor missive 
Pray be my valentine. 


I give your answer clear and straight: 
I scorn your silly chaff; 

Oet some one else to be your mate; 
I'm not a lithograph. 

—Cleveland Leader. 

uigiiizea by 



Delegate to A. F. of L. Convention. 

Digitized by 



Digitized by 



Nbw York, Dec. 30. 1898. 
At a rcflTttUr meeting of I«odge No. 406. held on Dec. 30th, the following resolutions were adopted : 
Wbbrbas, It has pleased Almighty God, in His infinite wisdom, to take from this life (our 
esteemed and beloved brother, Aleck Monro, be it 

Resolved, That while bowing to the will of the Supreme Ruler we deeply lament the death of our 
friend and brother, and tender to his bereaved family our heartfelt sympathy; and be it further 

Resoived, That our charter be draped in mourning for thirty days, a copy of these resolutions be 
spread on oor minutes, a copy be forwarded to the family of our deceased brother, and that they be 
taaerted in the Monthly Journal of the International Association of Machinists. 

Jambs B. Wilson, 
James T. Dolan, 
M. T. Nbyland. 


Kansas City, Kan., Dec. 23, 1898. 
At the regular meeting of Overland I^odge No. 278, I. A. of M., held Friday, Dec. 23, 1898, the 
following resolutions were unanimously adopted: 

Wbbrbas, It has pleased our Almighty God and Ruler of the Universe, in His i finite wisdom, to 
take from this life the esteemed and beloved son of our brother and shopmate, Adolph Gardner; 
therefore be it 

Resolved, That we extend to our bereaved brother and his family our most sincere sympathy in 
their affliction and sorrow; and be it further 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be sent to Brother Gardner and his family, and a copy 
beKBt to the Journal for publication, and that they be spread on the minutes as a record of respect. 

J. H. Bquhart, 
Geo. C. Nbwton, 


Wilmington, Del., Jan. la, 1899. 
At a regular meeting of Wilmington Lodge No. 184, 1. A. of M., the following resolutions were 

WBBRBAS, It has pleased Almighty God, the Supreme Ruler of the Universe, to take from among 
as our beloved brother, Lewis Wilcox; therefore be it 

Resolved, That we extend to the bereaved wife our heartfelt sympathy; and be it further 
Resolved, That onr charter be draped for thirty days, and a copy of these resolutions be sent to 
the wife of the deceased, a copy to our Monthly Journal for publication, and a copy be placed cm 
onr ninntes. Thos. L. Johnson, 

Frank W. Johns, 
Bdward Walsh, 


uigitizea oy vjv^vJ' 



Wilmington, Del., Jan. la, 1899. 
At a regular meeting of Wilmington lyodge No. 184, 1. A. of M.. the following reaolutiona were 

Wrbrbas. It has pleased Almighty God. the Supreme Ruler of the Universe, to take from among: 
us our beloved brother, Thos. McBride; therefore be it 

Resolved^ That we extend the bereaved wife and family our heartfelt ssrmpathy; and be it further 
Resolved, That our charter be draped for thirty days, a copy of these resolutions be sent to the 
wife and family of the deceased, a copy to our Monthly Journal for publication, and a copy t»e 
placed on our minutes. » Thos. IA Johnson, 

Frank W. Johns, 
Edward Walsh, 


Ft. Waynb, Ind., Jan. 14, 1899. 

At a regular meeting of Friendship I«odge No. 70, I. A. of M., the following resolutions were 

Whbrbas, It has been the will of Almighty God to call from our midst our beloved brother, Chas. 
W. H. Seibt; be it 

Resolved, That the members of No. 70. 1. A. of M., extend our heartfelt sympathy to the bereaved 
family in their great loss; and be it further 

Resolved^ That our charter be draped in mourning for thirty days, that a copy of these resolutions 
be sent to the bereaved family of the deceased, a copy to the monthly journal of our association, and 
a copy be spread on our minutes. W. B Hanson. 


J. Grihbons, 



Elgin, 111., Jan. 5, 1899. 
At a regular meeting of Elgin Lodge No. 29s. I. A. of M.. the following resolutions were adopted: 
Whbrbas, It was with the greatest sorrow that we, the members of Lodge No. 295. learned of the 
death of Lindley Moore, a former brother, in Metlaltoyuca, Mexico: and 

Whbrbas, The deceased brother was a most ardent advocate and supporter of unionism and one 
of the most active in organising our lodge apd serving most creditably as our 6rst Master Machinist; 
therefore be it 

Resolved, That the members of this lodge deeply deplore his taking away, and that we tender to 
his bereaved wife our sincere sympathy in her sorrow and affliction, and be it further 

Resolved, That our charter be draped for thirty days, a copy of these resolutions be sent to wife 
and father of deceased, a copy to our Journal for publication, and a copy be placed on our minutes. 

Gbo. S. Adams, 
H. C. Hamilton, 



Indianapolis, Ind., Jan. 15, 1899. 
At a regular meeting of White River Lodge No. 161, the following resolutions were adopted: 
Whbhbas, It has been the will of Almighty God to call from the home of our bereaved brother. 
John Padden, his beloved sister; therefore be it 

Resolved, That we extend to him our heartfelt sympathy; and be it further 

Resolved, That a copy of these res61utions be sent to the Journal for publication, to our bereaved 
brother, and spread on the minutes of this lodge. H. Dbmpsy. 

Arch. Hall, 
Thomas Dunn, 


Digitized by 

Google ' 



r Articles under this hradltur mtuit be read by I/ksI Secretaries at Orst meeting 
of their I/M^es after the date of imblication. 

payable to Gcoiye Preston, Gn 

Treasarcr I. A. orM., 950 Monon 1 

When duuim ol address is d4 

The Mosdily Jovmal is published at Chicago, 
nL.each montn, and is owned by the Ihtbrm a- 
TK»fAL AsaociATiov OF MACHXKiSTa, of which 
it is the ofl&cial organ. Terms |i.oo per year in 

I for subscriptions should be made 
Grand Secretary- 
ion Block, 
duam of address is desired, the old 
I wellas the new one must be given. 
The cross X mark on your Journal Indicates 
that your subscription has expired. 

Par adYertisliig space, rates, etc., address W. 
N . Gates, ao Budid UTenue, Cleveland, Ohio. 

AM articles for publication should be addressed 
ts the editor. 

Proposed amendments to the consti- 
I tntion submitted by Bellamy Lodge, 
No. 208, of Chicago, 111.: 

Sec L Change the numbers of Sec. 6 
and 6, Art. III. to Sec. 7 and 8, Art. Ill; 
replace Sees, t 2, 3, and 4, Art. Ill, by 
the following six sectiond to be known 
as Sec 1. 2. 1. 4, 5 and 6. Art. III. 


Sec. 2. The officers of the grand lodge 
shall consist of a grand master machin- 
ist, who shall be chief organizer; a grand 
foreman, who shall be editor; a grand 
secretary -treasurer, and an executive 
board, which shall consist of flv6 (5) 
members, no two of whom shall be 
elected from any one district, and who 
must be working at the trade or a sal- 
aried officer whose time Is fully occupied 
for the association, except in case where 
a member has been discriminated 

Sec. 3. Any member in good standing 
shall be eligible to any office in the 
grand lodge. 

Sec. 4. The appropriation or disposi- 
tion of all or any of the funds of this 
grand lodge shall be by roll call and 
open vote, as follows: On the name of 
t^ach delegate being called, he shall arise 
in his place and vote yea or nay aloud as 
the case may be. 

The vote thus taken shall be recorded 
by the grand secretary-treasurer when a 
roil call vote is demanded, otherwise a 
viva voce vote shall be deemed suffi- 
cient, said vote to be recorded. Any one 
<lelegate has the right to demand a roil 

Sec. 5. It shall be the duty of the 
general executive board to divide all 
local lodges under the Jurisdiction of the 
grand lodge into no less than twelve (12) 
districts or more than twenty-five (25) 
election districts, said districts to be as 
compact geographically as possible, and 
to contain as near as possible the same 
namber of lodges. And it shall revise the 

election districts every two years there- 
after and the revision printed in the 
Journal (3) three months prior to the 
call of nominations. 

The election of grand lodge officers 
shall proceed as follows: "All local 
lodges in each election district at the 
first regular meeting in January, con- 
vention year, of which meeting and its 
purposes each member in good standing 
shall have at least eight days' notice; 
shall nominate by ballot four (4) resident 
members, one for the office of grand 
master machinist; one for grand foreman 
and editor; one for grand secretary-treas- 
urer, and one for general executive board. 
All nominations to be mailed to grand 
secretary-treasurer and must reach head- 
quarters not later than Jan. 25. Any 
and all nominations received by the 
grand secretary- treasurer after that date 
to be cancelled by him and returned to 
the lodge from whence they came. 

Sec. 6. It shall be the duty of the 
grand secretary-treasurer to canvass all 
nominations received from each separate 
district, and in case no four (4) candi- 
dates in any one district receive a ma- 
jority of all votes cast for the respective 
offices for which they were nominated, 
grand secretary-treasurer shall announce 
the result back to said election district, 
dropping all names but the three highest, 
or four If there be a tie for third place. 
They to be balloted for again at the next 
regular meeting, said meeting to be called 
according to instructions in Section 5. 
Article III (eight days' notice). The first 
ballot with circulars on which to record 
the result of the second ballot must be 
mailed by the grand secretary-treasurer 
to all lodges on or before February 6 
following the date quoted In Section 5. 
Article III. and must be returned to the 
grand secretary-treasurer not later than 
February 20 to be canvassed and re-dis- 
tributed by him to the order at large in 
circular form containing the names of all 
nominees, with blank spaces for ballots, 
on or before March 1. Each lodge to bal- 
lot thereon at its regular meeting (a call- 
ed meeting) after the receipt of the same. 
The result must reach headquarters on 
or before March 20 to be Included in the 
first Jurisdiction count. 

The five nominees for the general ex- 
ecutive board receiving the highest num- 
ber of votes on the first ballot of the 
regular election shall be declared elected. 

If any nominee for any grand lodge 
office receives a majority of all votes 
cast for said office he shall be declared 
elected. All ballots to reach headquar- 
ters not later than April 1. 

If none have a majority all shall be 
dropped but the three highest for each 
office, or four if a third place Is tied. 

The second ballot shall be mailed by 
the grand secretary-treasurer not later 
than April 10, to be balloted on at the 

uigiiized by 




first meeting: after received (a called 

All returns to be in the grand secre- 
tary-treasurer's* hands on or before May 
10 to be counted by him and issued in 
circular form, one copy to each local 
lodge, on or before May 15. 

The foregoing amendments shall be 
conducted by the grand secretary-treas- 
urer and local secretaries according to 
SecUons 7, 8, 9. 10 and U of Article I. 

The above proposed amendments 
have been endorsed by the following 
lodges: Nos. 55, 106, 134, 187, 195, 245 
and 304. 

The attention of our local lodges is 
hereby called to Sec. 4, Art. 2, Consti- 
tion of the Grand Lodge, which reads 
as follows: "Each local lodge shall ai>- 
point or elect a committee on revision 
of constitution, whose duty it will be to 
send all amendments, additions or can- 
ceilings of Constitution to the Grand 
Secretary-Treasurer on or before the 
1st day of March, the same to be placed 
in circular form and reissued to all 
local lodges six (6) weeks before the 
convention convenes for their consid- 
eration and instruction to their dele- 
gates, and no other amendments, addi- 
tions or cancellings of Constitution shall 

be considered at the Grand Lodge con- 
vention, except emergency questions 
where the law is silent, which may arise 
in the intervening time. And no pro 
posed amendment shall be considered 
which does not specify the article and 
section to be amended or the designa- 
tion of any proposed additions." 

Our local lodges are requested to 
comply with this section and send to 
the urand Secretary-Treasurer not later 
than March ist, all amendments, addi- 
tions or cancellings to the Constitution 
which they are desirous to have acted 
upon by our coming convention in Buf- 
falo. As it is necessary to have the 
matters submitted sent out to our local 
lodges in printed form, nothing will 
be considered which does not reach 
headquarters by March 1, 180Q. To in- 
sure consideration and publication of 
your amendments, additions or cancel- 
lings, your committee should see that 
each article or section you desire to 
amend is fully specified, and plainly 
written, so that no mistakes will occur. 

G. M. M. 

Any one knowing the whereabouts of 
J. S. Teagarden and Ed Eagan will 
please communicate with the Secretary 
of Industrial Lodge, No. 96. Mattoon, 

During the reorganization of No. 40 
at Fernandina, Fla., an individuaj named 
A. J. Barrett posed as a Union man 
and worked his way into the confidence 
of the local machinists. On the first 
pay-day he left that place without set- 
tling his board-bill and helped himself 
to sundry articles of wearing apparel be- 
longing to his room-mates. He is 
supposed to come from Omaha. Neb., 
and should be given a warm reception 
when recognized. Look out for him. 

Vicksburg, Miss., No. 18, would like 
to hear from H. B. Jordan, 35.804, and 
J. F. Reddington, 135,806. 

Bridgeport, No. 30, wants the address 
of A. M. Humphrey. 23.638; Jos. Tate, 
39,651; M. J. Lally, 2lfiZ2. 

Winona Lodge, No. 173, would like 
to know the whereabouts of Hugo Otto. 

Liberty, No. 229, would like to hear 
from Jas. Morris, last heard from at 
Joliet, 111. 

Our brothers are hereby warned to 
stay away from Lansing, Mich. Efforts 
are being made to introduce the two- 
machine system. 

The application of W. R. Popple, of 
Chicago, has been rejected by No. 208. 

Thos. P. Reilley, card No. 3469. was 
expelled from Lodge No. 210. of 
Wilkesbnrre. P.i*. for being a dead- 
beat and appropriating funds belonging 
to No. 230, of Scranton. Pa. 

The employers at Hoopeston, III., are 
making strenuous efforts to break up the 
organization at that place. They have 
spies working among the men for the 
purpose of finding out who are members 
and then quietly letting them go. We 
ask all machinists to stay away. 

Digitized by 




No. of 

Profli , To 

Lodge* Lodge 

No. No. 


G. I.. 




G. L. 







No. of 


3 1691. 














G. L. 




















No. of 








31 ' 




«34 I 















No. of 












8166. . 

G. L. 























35013 . . . 




























l3 00 









a. 35 







I 3.35 Good. 
3.25 Good. 
3.75 Pair. 
3.25 Pair, 
3 so , Pair. 
3.00 , Pair. 



I a.6o 

3 40 


uigiiizea by 




liiaceUaneoat Receipt*— 

By lodges. 

*' In<Uvidaal dues. 

Cards of deposit 

Journal ads and subscriptions. 
Pin sales ^ 



OAcerent | 50 

Office towels 1 

Postal Telegraph Co 7 

Gas 2 

Western Union a, 

Wire expense (money) 4 

Pueblo Courier Printing Com- 
pany. No. 13. 5 

Rebuilding writing machine 15 . 

Remington ribbon 

Rcfunoed No. 217, arsenal griev* 

Ances 100. 

One dosen letter files 3. 

Engraving charm i, 

City taxes la. 

Refunded No. 233, organizing 

work 6. 


Rothschilds, office sttpplies i. 

Internal revenue 3. 

Postage for the month S3- 

Bzpress bills for the month 16. 

Mrs. Hall, sUnographer, 5 weeks 

asdChristmas 60. 

Miss Goedke. stenographer, 4 

andChristmas 38 

Additional office help 8 

Mrs. T. W. Talbot ( a months) .... 40 
Jas. O'Connell. salary and ex- 
penses aoo. 

Geo. Preston 13a. 

Special Organisers— 

Chris. Seifreat. organising and 

traveling 67 , 

Stuart Reid. organizine, travel- 
ing and A. F. of tr. delegate. 175 
A. W. Holmes, organizing and 

traveling 50. 

Henry Smith, organizing and 

traveling 160. 

D. D. Wilson, organizing ex- 
penses 25. 

^Geo. H. Warner, A. P. of L. del- 
egate 166. 



1 2.945. ao 

% 765.63 

S 643.60 


S. D. Childs & Co t 4.50 

Hollister Brothers 7-75 


Denver, No. 47 (P. M.Davis Co.) 472.00 

Cincinnati (Bullock) lo.oo 

S. Alliop. No. 378 (victimised) 42 00 
N. Kapple, No. 378 1 victimized ) 42 .00 
Geo. Perry, No. 320 (victim- 
ized) i4.oo 

■ % 590.00 

Death Benefits— 

Olaf Olson. No. 229 50.00 

Chas. Maran, No. S08 50.00 

Alex Mnnro, No. 406 50.00 

I 150.00 


January issue 427.50 

Chicago post-office (a months). 46.71 
Waskow, Hull & Co. .engraving la. 16 

Journal advertising 8.75 

Joumalfiles..^ 5.00 

D. D. Wilson, editor's salary. . . 80.00 

I 580.12 

Dues Transfers- 
Charge Vo. 137 to No. 303 30 

.. ,„ .. .. ,8^ 30 

•' 128 *• •• 117 60 

" 36 " •' 422 30 

•• 4 •' '• 40a So 

■' PAL " " 143 300 

" No. 10 ** *• 174 60 

" Ind. dues •* •* 17 400 

" No. 264 •• •• 378 30 

** a3o " ** 402 40 

.1 .. jy> .« .. ,8y 30 

•* 89 •• •* 7 1.50 

*• 89 •• •• 47 55 

.» .♦ 89 •• •• 106 55 

.. .« ^22 •• •• 21 .30 

^ '^-^ 

ToUl I2.755.40 


Balance on hand Dec. i, 1898 $6,308.06 

Receipts for the month 2,945 20 

ToUl |9.253'26 

Disbursements 2>755.40 

Balance on hand Jan. i, 1899 $6,497.86 


On Satiinlay, the 21st ef last month. Brother O'Ooonolly G. ■• M^ got a sum* 
nons to go at oooo to Donvort as tho prospoots for sottling tho strike at the 
Davis Iron Works s o o niod possible. He went, and at 2iaO p.m. on the 26th 
tho following tolograni was rooolvod at headquarters from hln 1 
D. Dooglas Wllsoni Denver, Oolo.* Jan. 26, '69. 

Davis strike adjastod. Oonplete viotory for us. «»«ABiBit« 

As the last form of the Journal it now on the preu. and details have not come to hand 
it is impossible to complete the history of the »trike until next month. Prom the knowledge 
the Journal has of the situation and the uphill battle that was fought on both sides, it most 
heartily congratulates the brothers of No. 47. the G. M. M. and the 6rm of Davis & Co. on 
the cessation of hostilities, and l>egs to aMure the latter gentlemen that the same seal that 
characterized the antagonism that wat dlaplayed toward them by the members of our 
ciation, shall now be evident only when working In their interest. 

Digitized by 





JAS. O'CONNHIX, G. M. M., Room 9S0 Monon 
Bbck, Chicago, ni. 

D. D0U6U1S WILSON, G. P. and Bditor 
JouRHAL, Room 950 Monon Block, Chicaffo, 111. 

GBO. PRB8TON, G. 8.-T., Room 950 Monon 
Block, Chicago. HI. 


HUGH DORAN, 387 Pulton St.. Chicago. 111. 
P. J. CONLON, 1207 nth St.. Sioux City. Iowa. 
A.W.HOLMBS, 39 Northcote Ave.. Toronto. 

STUART REII>, 950 Monon Bldg.. Chicago. 


HBNRY SMITH, 173 WlUia Ave., New York 


John Beaton, 1083 W. 13th St., Chicago. 111. 
ilavid Bcrjrd, 334 High SL Baat, Detroit. Mich. 
R. L Wialer. Room 16. Club Bldg.. Denver. Colo. 
G. G. Cameron, 90a C. 138th St., New York. 
W. H. Hawkins. 179 W. 4th St.. Winona, Minn. 
B. G. Ladd. 49 B St. S. B., Waahington, D. C. 
C J. Strine, 4at W. Princeaa St., York. Pa. 
Arthur Hewer, iai4 loth St., Sioux City, Iowa. 
G. y. Moore, 308 Valk^ St.. Providence. R. I. 
W. H. MUford, 509 Hanover St., Baltimore. Md. 
John ShovUn. 99 BeUevtile Ave., Newark, N. J. 
Wm. RebUng, 14 N. Ponrth St., St. I^ouia. 
Frank Holmes, 633 S. Uberty St., Blgin, 111. 
P. A. Symonds, 40a B. Perguson St., Tyler, Tex. 
- IWaller. ----- /- .. 


55a S. Ionia St., Grand Rapids, 

Christ Seifreat, 540 Main St.. dndnnaU, Ohio. 
Wm. ResSler, aB Poplar St., Reading, Pa. 
H. J. Neibanm, BUioU Borough P. O., Alle- 
l^ieny Co., Pa. 
John C. Daglish, 386 PnHon St., Buffalo, N. Y. 
P. C Becker, aaio S. BarUett St., St. Joseph, 

John H. Brown. 517 W. Pirst St., Blmira. N. Y. 

Wm. T. Doran, ai Phelps St., Cleveland, Ohio. 

Wm. Welch, 6ot W. Girard Ave., Philadelphia, 

Wm. A. Jennings, 633 B. sth St., Wilmington, 

Wm. B. Rich. 1357 W. 15th St, Des Moines, Iowa. 

Alfred O'NeiU. Galeton, Pa. 

C C Parish. 311 8. 4th St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

John Hall, 3041 California St.. Omaha, Neb. 

Jas. P. Roberts, ^ Brookside St., Jamaica Plain, 
BostcMi, Mass. 


3. Richmond and Danville System— P. J. 
Usch, la HiU St., Atlanta. Ga. 

t. Chicago Local Lodges— W. C. Stears, 9431 
Cottage Grave Ave., Chicago, ni. Meeta second 
Sunday of each month in Masonic Temple. 

11. B. & O. System— J. W. Beehler, Garrett, 

12. 8. P. System— H. M. Landes, 615 iith St., 
Baeramento, CaL 

13. J. B. Davis, Box 24, Pt. Gratiot, Mich. 

14. C & N. W. System— W. C. Anderson, 630 
Ninth Ave., Clinton, Iowa. 

1 6. New York City and Vlcinity-Chas. G. Pan- 
hont, a4a B. ^S^ St.; business agent, George H. 
Warner, 91 Center St., New York City. 

17. Boston and Vicinity— John T. Kelley, 76 
Camden St, Boston. Mass. 

18. Pittsborg and Vicinity— Hetbert Home, 
af Market St., Allegheny City, Pa. 

21. Norfolk & Western— J. H. Pattison, 301 
Third Ave., N. 8., Roanoke, Va. 

22. Connecticut— Charles Bastop, a8 Arch St., 
Ansonia. Cobb. 


1. Atlanta- Jas. B. Drske. 179 Ira St.; C. H. 
Lewis, 19 Pulman St., Atlanta, Ga. 

3. Augusta — D. P. O'Connell, 811 Sth St.; 
Prank A. Vogel,8th and Bills Ave., Augusta. Ga. 
Meeta second and fourth Thursday nighta in Red 
Men's Hall, Library Building, cor. Broadway and 
Jackson Sta. 

4. Mobile-C. W. Rhinehart, 3^ S. Lawrence 
St., MobUe, Ala. Meeta first and third Pridays 
at 7.30 p. m., in I. O. O. P. Hall, cor. St. Michael 
and Royal Sta. 

6. Lone Star— A. G. Jennings, 351 1 Ave. M; B. 
B. Blllott, 3814 Ave. K. Meeta first and third Pri- 
day nighta, Galveston, Tex. 

7. PideUty— V. B. Goddard. 3ai7 4th Ave.; W. 
S. Hammet. Meeta first and third Wednesday 
nighta. at POx Building, oor. Pourth Ave. and 
19U1 St., Birmingham, Ala. 

8. Central City- J. W. Watson, Jr., 444 Liberty 
St., Macon, Ga.; G. P. BlUs. aio 6th Ave., S. 
Macon, Ga. Meeta first and third Saturday 
nighta at K. of P. Hall, Mulberry St., bet. ist and 
ad, Macon, Ga. 

9. MarahaU— Albert B. Young, ao6 Park Ave. 
Meeta every third Saturday night at Odd Pel- 
lows' HaU, MarshaU.Tex. 

10. Richmond— Wm.Sheppard, lias Hull St., 
Manchester, Vs.; J. W. Parker, 707 B. Leigh St. 
Meeta every second and fourth Monday night in 
Wilkinson Hall, Richmond Va. 

12. Houston— G. C. Merritt. H. & T. C. Shops; 
Wm. Bonats. 34 Jackson St., Houston, Tex. 
Meeta first and third Wednesday nighta at Labor 

13. Pike's Peak— Alex Stewart. 2431 Court 
St., Pueblo, Colo. Meeta second and fourth 
Monday nighta at City HaU. 

14. Memphis— N. S. Dodgson. 586^ Main St.: 
Wm. Barp. 336 Linden St. Meeta first and third 
Tuesdays, Union Labor Hall, 335 Second St., Mem- 
phta, Tenn. 

17. Deer Lake— J. B. Heflerman, 7a7 N. Camp- 
bell St.; P. N. Pitah, 8ao Calhoun St.. Springfield, 
Mo. Meeta aecond and fourth Tuesdays, at Har- 
mony Hall, 315 Boonville St. 

18. Mississippi VaUey — T. W. Prench, 307 
Harrison St.; D. P. Kennedy, 510 W. South St. 
Meeta first and third Monday nighta, Vicksburg, 

18. St. Louis Linotype— Herman A. Noort- 
wick. 38aa Lee Ave.; J. B. Lowden, Manhattan 
Hotel, i8th and Olive Sta., St. Louis, Mo. 

21. Galeton— C. B. Bander, Galeton. Potter 
Co., Pa. 

26. Gate City— P. P. Hotchkiss. 714 Mnnson 
St.; M. M. Hotchkiss. 516 W. Munson St. Meeta 
second and fourth Monday nighta, Denison, Tex. 

27. Union— Pred D. Knipper, 930 Ohio Ave.: 
W. W. Bostwick, 1606 Grove St. Meeta first and 
third Thursday nighta, Kansas City, Kan. 

28. nUnois— J. W.Steele, 1183 Sheffield Ave.; 
Henry Boddlker, i74oWrightwooa Ave., Chicago. 

28. Horton— Ceo. McClintock, Box 594* Hor- 
ton, Kan. Meeta second and fourth Monday 

30. Bridgeport — Peter Dahlgard. a84 Maple 
St.: P. O. address, I. A. of M. Box 407; Prank N. 
Gibbs, 346 Broad St. Meets second and fourth 
Priday in Bmmet Hall, 40 State St., Bridgeport, 

31. Omaha— Prank J. Myers, Lock Box 70a: 
Robt. Richelieu, 176a S. oth St. Meeta second and 
fourth Pridays, Labor Temple, N. B. comer 17th 
and Douglas Sta., Omaha, Neb. 

34. Kenosha— J. N. Reynolds, 351 Middle St., ; 
M. Cheney, 953 Prairie Ave., Kenoaha, Wis. 

36. AUmo City— R. J. Wiseman, 115 Aransos 
St., San Antonio, Tex. Meeta first and third 
Thursday nighta. 

uigitizea oy -k^kjkJ 




37. Crescent City— P. McBride. 78 Valence St., 
New Orleans, I«a. Meets first and third Satvrday 

38. Prencb— Le Roy Hunt, P. O. Box 33a; T. R. 
McDongall, Palestine. Tex. 

39. Tamarack— Henry Bberle, Garrett, Ind. 

40. Orange State— R. V. Nolan, A. P. House- 
holder, Pemandina, Fla. 

41 . Progressive— H. I^ Salisbury, 938 N. 14th 
St.; J. H. I«emon, aii8 Locust St. Meets every 
Monday at 14 N. 4th St., St. Umis. Mo. 

42. Dallas— P. M. Nash, aoi Willow St.; Moses 
Weber, 309 Live Oak St., Dallas, Tex. 

44. Advance — James M. McDongall, 1731 
Laurel St.; C. P. Petner. 1323 Richmond St. 
Meets first and third Wedneiaays, at Palmetto 
HaU, Columbia, S.C 

46. Sinclair — C. C. Bishop. aoS Bast Berta 
St., Tyler, Tex. Meets first and third Saturday 

47. Denver— R. I. Wisler, Room 16 Club Bldg; 
Oeo. Van Bncklin, 3437 Blake St Meets Fridays 
at Hall. 1449 Larimer St., Denver. Colo. 

60. Bfanistee— B. N. Wrist, 332 Second St.; W. 
A. Nichols, 347 Third St.. Ma^tee. Mich. 

61. Cotton Belt— Wm. Taylor, 606 Texas St.; 
Wm. A. Warrington, 307 Charles St., Pine Bluff, 
Ark. Meets alternate ist and 3d Mondays in K. 
of P. Hall, cor. Main and Second Aves. 

62. Pittsburg— Harry T. Niebaum, BllioH Bor- 
ough P. O.. Allegheny Co., Pa.. Thos. Neasham, 
Geneva St. Meets Saturday nights at 118 Fifth 
Ave., Commercial Gasette building, Pittsburg, 

64. Bureka— Bd Hagenbuck. 1725 Speare St.; 
Wm. Keihm. Panhandle shops. Logansport, Ind. 
Meets second and fourth Thursday nights. 

66. Buckeye— J. B. Poster, 877 B. Livingston 
Ave.; Geo. C. Heil, 416 B. Main St. MeeU first 
and third Wednesdays at Golden Bagle HaU, 
N. High St.. Columbus. O. 

66. Chickamauga— Will G. Jones, cor. Gilles- 
pie and Blm Sts.; C. P. Bailey, ai4H Montgomery 
Ave. Meets first and third Mondays in Bngi- 
neers' Hall. Chattanooga, Tenn. 

67. Lafayette— P. B. Thatcher. 40oMoultonSt, 
Moberly, Mo. Meets first and third Wednesdays, 
in Odd Fellows' Hall. 

68. Hill dty^Will Hall. Jr., Box 335; W. R. 
Ryno, P. O. Box 335, Knoxville.Tenn. Meets sec- 
ond and fourth Fridays at French & Roberts' 
Bld'g, opposite Union Depot. 

69. Temple— Fred L. Moore, 30a W. Barton St., 
Temple, Tex. 

60. Terrace— J. S. Gledhill, 154 Buena Vista 
St.,Yonkers. N. Y. 

61. Water VaUey— W. L. Waldron, Water Vsl- 
ley. Miss. 

63. Willamette- F. W. Reeves, 96 Russell St., 
Station B; Frank Tver. 807 BortWick St. Meets 
first and third Wednesdays over Tivoli Hall, 
Portland, Ore. 

64. Hannibal— T. A. Hurley, 4<9 Fourth St.; 
Alpha Kenyon, 407 Fifth St., Hannibal, Mo. 

66. Gennania— Joseph Weigand, 511 Oliver St.; 
Chas. Fischer, 1046 SUte St., Sta. B.ancinnatl, O. 

66. Badger— Wm. N. Lambert. 573 nth St.; 
Wm. Bardan, 391 First Ave. Meets second and 
fourth Thursdays at Franklin Hall. 9a4-aa6 Grand 
Ave., Milwaukee, Wis. 

68. San Francisco— Jas. Maginnis, 434A Page 
St.; Chas. W. Meyer. 9a4H Florida St., San Fran- 
cisco. Cal. Meets first and third Wednesday 
nights, at Alcasar Bldg., lu W. O'FarreU St. 

70. Friendship— A. T. Miller, 169 E. Washing- 
tpn St.; John Porsch. 14* W. 3d St. Meets every 
Tuesday evening at Machinists' Hall, third fioor, 
138 Calhoun St., Port Wajrne, Ind. 

7t. Sedalia— J. J. Knoepplc. laoo B. Third St., 
Bedalia. Mo. 

72. Forked Deer— W. W. Knlj^t, 214 Preston 
St.; Robt. K. Winston. 423 Deadricane Ave. 
MeeU first and third Tuesday nights, Jackson, 

76. Port Worth~B. BstUL 307 HemphiU St.: 
Jack Bissett, 409 Missouri Ave. MeeU Irst and 
third Friday nighU in A. O. U. W. HaU, comer 
14th and Houston 8U.. Fort Worth. Tex. 

78. Johnstown — Robt. Bingham, rear of X19 
Locust St.; Fred Tate, 538 Coleman Ave., Johns- 
town, Pa. 

79. Hope— W. A. Bane, Saa 9th Ave. South; 
H. G. Wamsholdt, zoio Jackson St. MeeU first 
and third Mondays at A. O. U. Hall, Room aai. 
Pioneer Block, Seattle, Wash. 

80. Licking— Jas. Alspach, 105 N. Buena VisU 
St.; Chas. Deardorff*, 87 S. istSt., Newark, O. 

82. Detroit— P. J. Lebeck, 767 Howard St.; H. 
Vaughn, 939 3d St. MeeU Tuesda 
Trades Council Hall. Detroit liich. 

MeeU Tuesday nighU at 

83. Cu]rahoga— W. Hilton, loa Lyman St.: G. 
H. Griffin, la Dellenbaugh Ave. MeeU Thurs- 
days at Arch Hall, 393 OnUrioSt., Cleveland, O. 

84. Knox — John W. Sleeman, a Walnut St.; 
Harry Pamell, ao6 N. Norton St., Mt Vernon, O. 

86. St. Louia— Alexander R. Bfarshall. 3S06 
VisU Ave.; A. A. Horn, a4i5 Cass Ave. MeeU 
every Friday night at 14 N. Fourth St., 8t Loids, 

87. New Haven — Prank I. Kimtiall, 94 Prank 
St.; Bd. J. Greene, 59 Mechanic St., New Haven, 

88. Butte City— Chas. MaUett, 60x336; W. J. 
Oswald, 487 B. Park St., Butte, Mont. 

89. Cheyenne — Rudolph Wledmer, Box 3042; 
Henry G. Wicka, 114 B. 17th St, Cheyenne. Wyo. 

91. Rocky Mountain- D. Mclnnes, Box 536. 
Anaconda, Mont MeeU second and fourth 
Thursdays of each month. 

92. Kansas City— J. A. Hutcheson, 1813 B. 
Sixteenth St., Kansas City, Mo. 

96. Central City^A. McQuillan, 113 Ten Byck 
St.; C. P. Spreen, ais Pringle Ave., Jackson, Mich. 

96. Industrial— M. Mullen, 1500 Dewitt Ave.; 
M. Thode, 157 Charleston St., Mattoon, lU. 

97. Hope — Robt. J. Boyle. MeeU first and 
third Tuesdays at Odd Fellows' Hall, Raton, 
N. M. 

98. Wolverine— Wm. H. Gibbs, 207 McCormick 
St.; John Noonan, 500 Fitzhugh St., Bay City, 

99. Clinton— Wm. K. Schuyler, 11 Smith St., 
Newburgh, N. Y.; J. W. Christie, 49 Henry St. 
MeeU at New Labor Bldg, Ann St, every second 
and fourth Fridays of the month, Newtmnrh, 

101. Brie— P. e Schurs. 805 W. 4th St: W. 
C. Munz. 3831 Pine St. MeeU first and third 
Thursday evenings in Labor Lyceum, cor. 5th 
and SUte SU., Brie, Pa. 

1 02. Tacoma— Chas. Marks, 5633 Birmingham 
St., S.Tacoma, Wash. 

103. Pioneer— Chas. Geldart, Box 105; John 
Nelligan, Stratford, Ontario, Can. 

106. Toledo — Alfred Kruse. S44 Wauseon St.; 
Will C. Murphy, 3348 Rosewood Ave. MeeU Fri- 
day evenings at 3ao St. Clair St., Toledo, O. 

106. Salt Lake City— B. J. Hall, 644 W. South 
Temple St.; Wm. H. HuU, 136 S. 3d West St.. Salt 
Lake City, Utah. 

108. Shelbv-Henry J. BoUier. Shelby, O., Box 
858. MeeU first and third Mondays of each 
month, Shelby, Ohio. 

109. Capital City— W. G. Notingham, tai W. 
Lane 8t,1taleifh, N. C. MeeU first and third 
Saturdays of each month. 

110. Blectric City— T. J. Flanagan, 1710 S. loth 
St.; Bert Chapman, an7 S. tsth St. MeeU aeoond 
and fourth Mondays at comer Tenth and Pacific 
8U., St. Joseph, Mo. 

uigiiizea oy ^ 




111. TtacVktorU— PredRoberge.aioSt.TiiBO- 
UieSt.; J. B. Kinir. iToIbenrilteSt., liositreal,C«ii 

1fS.8LPBiiI— Wm. Powlcs, 893 ftino St.; J. 
ntx« S19 Jttoo St. Meets second and fourth Moo- 
day»atO(ld Fellows' Hsll. sth snd Wsbssh* 8U., 
St. Pftsl. Minn. 

113. on dty— Wm. A. Csbb. 51 Holidsy St.; 
Qncttr W. Bsker. aoe Blm SC Meets SatnitbTS 8 

Las., St PytbUn Temple, Oil dtj SsTlon 
ak Block, comer Center snd Blm Sts., Oil 
Citr. PS. 

114. Cooper— Chss. L. Huz, TosLingle Ave.: 
J Dengler, 213 Saginsw St. Meets second snd 
Mvrtli PridsTS, cor. Wsshington snd Msin Sts., 
Owosso. Micb. 

1 16. lims-C W. Brookhsrt, 716 S. Blissbeth 
6t4 Geo. Kellermeir, 57^ K. Bllem St. Meets first 
snd tkird Friday nlkhts esch month In 
Guette Block, Trsdes Council HaU. I4ms, O. 

117. Grstiot— John R. Brown, 601 Lskeriew 
Ave. Meets first snd third Thursdsys of each 
BMoth ittUie B. of L. K. HaU. Gratiot Ave.. N. 
Port Huron, Mich. 

118. Barberton~J. Sohner, Box 108; B B. 
Williams. Box 444. Meets every Mondsy night, 
Bsrbcrton. Summit Co., Ohio. 

122. Winnipeg— R. A. Pyne. a66 Patrick St. : A. 
J. Thirtlc, 421 Logan St.. Winnipeg, Manitoba, 
Can. Meets first snd third Tuesdsys, st Sher- 
wood Hall. Msin St 

123. Plsin City — P. C. Alvey. P. O. Box 424; 
J. B. S. Mssoo, ^19 Blissbeth St. Meets Frl- 
dsys, Roger's Hsu. Psducsh, Ky. 

124. Stone City— P. W. Bgger, 905 Csss St.; 
J. P. Mitchell, saa De Kslb St. Meets second 
sad tburth Thursdsy nights, Trades snd Labor 

128. Latonia, Corington, Ky.— fas. M. Hunt, 
102 B. Bush St. Meets second ana fourth Tues- 
day oigbts, Corington, Ky. 

12t. P rogr es s i ve of Chicsgo— Wm. D. Loner- 
gas, 239 Rush St.; O. C. Pstterson. 2726 Shields 
Ave. Meets second snd fourth Ssturdsys, Room 
209 Mssonic Temple, Chicsgo. 

127. Ogdcn— F. G. Cropper, siso Wsshington 
Ave.; P. WelUnger, 148 230 St Meets first and 
third Tuesdsy nigbts, Ogden. Utsh. 

128. Prosperity^ LeonsrdMeyrick, 6351 Wssh- 
iagton Ave., Woodiawn: John B. Job, 1062s 
Avenue J, South Chicago, HL Meeb second 
and fburth Fridsys st Union Bsnk Building, cor. 
Erie snd 9ad Sts. 

131. Rio Grande— Chas. Donahue, 413 Baca 
Ave., Albuquerque, N. M. 

133. Winona — W. A. Snyder, General De- 
livery; Geo. Pitsgersld, 361 w. sth St, Winons, 

134. Unity— B. S. Dntcher, 807 W. Vsn Bnren 
St; N. K. Thompson, 236 W. Congress St. Meets 
Kcond and fourth Monday nights st 183 W. 
Msdison St, over Woolf s store, Oiicsgo. 

136. Iron Mountain — M. P. KUey ; M. A. 
Cole. MeeU first and third Wednesdsys st 
Mssonic Hsll. De Sota Mo. 

136. Piedmont— W. R. Adams; H. H. Spedden, 
Salisbury, N. C. Meets second snd fourib 
Thsndsy nights at Royal Arcanum Hall, cor. 
Main and Industrial SU. 

137. Old Dominion— Walter J. Herrmann. 
3609 Lafayette Ave.; Jaa. B. Plynn, Box 387. 
MttU every Tuesdsy night Reisfield's ^lOl, 
Wsshington Ave., between s6th and 37th Sta., 
Newport News. Vs. 

138. Low^— Jas. B Bntkaaan, 41 Swift St.; 
Robert H.Owen, 244 W.Manc]icsterSt. Meets first 
sad third Tuesdays st 8 p. m., in Building Labor- 
ers' Bsn. 3* MidAe St. LowcU. Msss. 

140. J. B. Stephen»-S. W. Fryer, 716 Bush St.. 
Bsst Portland. Ore. 

142. Salem— Hugh J.Whitc; P. L. Psvlor. Lock 
Box 32; Salem. Vs. Meets second snd fourth Pri- 
dsynighU in Odd Fellows' HaU. 

143. Tucson— H.Jelf, 80x371; M. C.Brown, 
Box 525, Tucson, A. T. 

147. Rhode Islsnd— los. P. Morrissey. 361 
Wickenden St.; SUnley M. HorMfield. 66 Csnd- 
see St Meets second and fourth Tuesdsys st 98 
Weybossett St. Browning-King & Co. Bldg., 
Providence, R. I. 

148. Suingfleld-C K. Riser. 392 W. High 
St.: P. J. Plsheriy, 112 B. Wsshington St., Spring- 
field, Ohio. Meets Thursdsys in Trades snd 
Lsbor Assembly Hall. 

160. Invincible— Thomas P. Ajinsn, t6 Wes- 
ley St; M. G. Kenyon, S3 Msrshall St MeeU 
every second snd fowu Thursdsy nights st 
Rosrsl Arcanum Hall, Huntington, Ind. 

161. Lake Superior— Al Lyons, 2723 West St., 
Duluth, Minn. 

162. Queen snd Crescent— Percy Msrcroft, 
Ludlow. Ky.; Will B Pye. 1326 Russell St., Cov- 
ington, Ky. Meets first snd third Tuesdsys, Odd 
Ptilows' HaU, Ludlow, Ky. 

163. Bmpire— G. Brnest Hsrris, 20 Wright St.; 
C. A. Kilts, 14 Washington St.. Auburn, N. Y. 

164. Glendsle— B. T. Kleim, Bsnner Office; 
Lewis Kleim, loii Kayne Ave.. NashvUle.Tenn. 
Meety second snd fourth Tuesdsys of esch month. 

166. Bicjrde Lsthe Operators— H. Brooks, 662 
Forrer St; Albert B Good, 1605 Norwood Ave. 
Toledo, O. 

166. Queen Cltv— DeU H. Heron, 25 N. Market 
St.; John Croxall, 24 B. Blm St Meets first snd 
thira Tuesdays st BLoyal Templsrs' HsU, Titus- 
viUe, Ps. 

167. Springfield— O. A. Gsrber, 215 N. State 
St.; W. H. Hawkina, 7^3 S. 9th St., Springfield, 

169. PhiladelphU— Wm. B. ChurcbiU, ^7 N. 
i6th St: H. A. Nitae, 88|S Taylor St MeeU sec- 
ond and fourth Mondsy nights st Post 160 HsU, 
1363 Ridge AvCm PhUadelphia, Pa. 

161. White River— Carl L. Olson, 306 Sand- 
ers St; Geo. O'Dsy, 2228 N. Alabama St Meets 
Fridsys at 9 De Soto Block. B Market St, near 
Circle. Indianapolis, Ind. 

1 62. Queen City— Geo. M. Ljron. 4156 Lakeman 
St, SUuon A, Cincinnati : Peter Wingeter, iiso 
John St.. Newport, Ky. Meets evei^ Mondsy st 
Germsnis Hsn, Court and BCain Sta.. Cincin- 
nati. Ohio. 

166. Roanoke— W. H. HoweU, 511 Sixth Ave., 
N. B. ; W. L. German, sB Third Ave. Meete first 
snd third Tuesdsys. Rosnoke, Vs. 

166. New Csstle, Ps.— Chss. P. Hsofler. 62 
Home St; K. S. Hibbsrd, 3 Stewsrt PI.. New 
Csstle, Ps. 

168. Nstlonal Park — Jaa. D. Graham, Box 
372; Thos. Cutter, Livingston, Mont 

170. Muskegon— Wm. MlUer, 129 Jefferson' 
St.; Wm. H. Holden, 14 Msson Ave., Muskegon, 

1 73. Bsu Clsire— Henry Leinenkugel. 558 Brie 
St. ; John Vsn Wagenen, 513 8. Barstow St MeeU 
in Banner Lodge, A. O. U. W. HaU, South Bar- 
stow St, Bsu Clsire. Wis. ^ 

174. ColumUs- Arthur Chsse, 210 C St., N. 
W.: Thos. B.Lesr, 530 9th 8tS.B. Meeto first 
and third Wednesdays in McCattley's Hsll, Penn- 
sylvania Ave., S. B., Waahington, D. C. 

1 76. Acme— Wm. MeUin. 305 N. 7th St, Olean. 
N. Y. Meets every Pri4sy In National Associa- 
tion of Stotionary Bngineers' rooms. 

178. Sioux City— Thomss B. Preemsn, 916 
lows St. Meets second and fourth Mondays, 
A. O. U. W. HsU. Sioux dty. la. 

182. Beaver — J. HurUman, Box iii. Meets 
first snd third Tottsdsysst 306 Csrdovs St., Vsn- 
cottver. B. C. 

184. Wilmington- V. A. Perhsm. 4i9Wssh-' 
ington St.; Robert T. McCleland, 519 S. Jsckson 
St. Meets Thursdsys in Smith's BuUding, 610H 
MsrketSt,3dfloor.WUmlngton Del. 

uigitizea oy ■" 




18t. My Mmnrland — O. M. Peters. 315 N. 
Broadway; Frederick C. Nies. aio6 B. Fvyette 
St. MeeU Mondays Brick Layers' HaU, Pay* 
ettc St.. near Gay St., Baltimore. Md. 

187. Saginaw — C. H. Everett. 433 McCoakey 
St., Saginaw, Mich.. B. 8 ; Glenn Richardson. 
432 Grant St. Saginaw, Mich., B. S. 

191. Grand Rapids— J. £. La Moore. 376 Tnmer 
8t«; Wm. Donker, 399 Davis St. Meets every 
Tuesday evening in Hanishs* Hall, 74 N. Water- 
loo St., Grand Rapids, Mich. 

192. Plow Boy— M. 8. Bradley. 227 B. Central 
Ave.; W. P. Thompson, 264 B. Central Ave., 
Delaware, Ohio. 

194. Garland CiW--Chas. J. Allen. 13 State 
St.; Geo. Grant, 6 woodmflT St.. Watertown. N. 
y. MeeU every MondayatDooUttle& Hall Blk. 

196. Reading — M. J. Plemming, 633 Willow 
St. ; Henrr Sdiabener. 816 Prankfln St. MeeU 
second and fourth Prldays of each month, Read- 
ing. Pa. 

196. Watendiet— J. P. McCormick, Y. M. C. A.. 
Watervlict. N. T.; Chas. B. Moore. 1717 Broad- 
way. MeeU first and third Mondays in G. A. R. 
Hall. WatcrvUet. N. Y. 

197. North SUr— Bert Smith. Box 1670. MeeU 
alternate Mondaya. at Union Hall, Sixth St. 
Sooth. Brainerd. Minn. 

199. Doqnesne— T. H. Diehl, 47 Terrace St.; 
Thomas Green. Pittsbnrg. Pa. 

298. Snmmit— Thos. Sommerville, 324 N. Union 
St.; W. C. Armstrong, 106 Budid Ave. MeeU 
first and third Wednesdays at Bmmett's Han, 
Akron. Ohio. 

204. Dorpian— M. L. Macrae.760 B. Liberty St ; 
MeeU Mondays at Machinist Hall. cor. Jay and 
SUte SU., SchenecUdy, N. Y. 

206. Crystal Lake—W. R. Pnnk. loa S. Grove 
Ave.; P. J. Pflnm, 2048. Grove St., Urbana, 111. 

207. Bvanston— Thos. Crosby, Bvanston.Wyo. 
MeeU Satnidays In K. of P. HalL 

208. Brflamy— J. T. Neary, 93 S. Center Ave.; 
J. Brown. 27^ Shields Ave. MeeU first and 
third Tnesdays at 3900 Wentworth Ave.. Chicago, 


210. W il kesbarre—Chas. Pierce. 97 MoyaUen 
St; H. W. Leffler, 231 N. Washington St MeeU 
first and third Prldays at 36 W. Market St.. 
Wilkesbarre. Pa. 

212. P. B. RyanLodge-P. C. Pippin: C John- 
son. HendHck Hotel. S. Cumberland. Md. 

213. Galcsburg— Bmfl A. Bdoff. 49 Pulton St.; 
Andrew Lanstrome, 956 N. Cedar St MeeU first 
and third Thursdays at Svea Lodge HaU, S37 
B. Main St.. Galesbnrg. m. 

217. Kensington— Gus. Plate, 2922 Marshall 
8t; D. R. Buckley. 211 1 B. Huntington St., 
SUUon B. MeeU Tuesdays at Textile HatL Ken- 
sington Ave. and Cumberland St, PhiUdelphia, 

224. Mt. Roval— W. T. Barter. 301 Magdalen 
St. Point St Charies; H. A. Pepler. 98 Congrega- 
tion St. Montreal. Canada. 

228. Mutual— qaniel D. Bergk. comer ainton 
andNewSts.; los. Woodward. 239 Sycamore St 
MeeU every other Wednesday night at Trades Ik 
Labor k ■st mbly Hall, cor. sth and Wayne Af«s,, 
Dayton, O. 

226. Keystone— fas. H. Haasett, Box 515: Rob* 
ert Kinney, Savte, Pa. MeeU second and fburth 
Thursdays each month. 

229. Liberty — Prank B. Olson, 285 But Ht.; 
John T. Johnson, 1087 Wabansia A\*e. Mtela 
second and fburth Satnrdavs in Odd Ptllowii* 
HalL cor. Milwaukee Ave.' and Carpenter At, 
Chicago, ni. 

280. Blectric City-Wm. P. York, 4»8 N. Ith 
St.; W.B. Kemp. 1301 Wyoming Ave., Mcr«iilon, 
Pa. MeeU second and fourth Tuesdays in Hul • 

232. JopHn— Lewis Schcchner. Bon jfva, Cm 
terville. Mo.; P. S. Stone. Cartenrille, Mo. 

288. Cleveland— B. B. Myers, 1930 St. Clair St.; 
Prank Lynett,si LeRoy PL MeeU Priday even- 
at Stocke's HaU, St Clair 8t. aevelaad. 

lugs I 

288. Tuttmto— R. H. Dee, 104 AugusU Ave.: 
Thos. White, 4a GaU Ave. MeeU first and third 
Tuesdays at Rl^mond Hall, Richmond St., 
Toronto, Canada. 

286. Creamei^T.D.atiason.sasWeslonAve.: 
W. J. Kranter. 438 Benton St.. Aurora. HL MeeU 
first and third Tuesdays at the Conductors* Hall. 
cor. Main and Broadway. 

288. Peart — Geo. R. Lawrence, 36 Bve St.; 
GusUve Lippstreu. 108 ProftssorSt MeeU every 
Tuesday at 865 Londn St.. Cleveland, Ohio. 

241. Hamilton— Albert S. Johnson, 316 N. 9th 
St; HenrrSchnlte. 514 N.sthSt MeeU alter- 
nate Tuesdays in Trades and Labor Council Hall, 
comer Court and 2d Sts., Hamilton. O. 

248. York— J. S. Jones. 611 B. Mason Ave., 
Curvin Thomas, 190 N. Newberry St, York. Ps. 
MeeU first and third Thursdays in Condoms 
Hall, West Market St 

244. Potosi — R. G. Jobson, Box 98, San Luis 

248. BuiMo — Wm. Dickenson. 287 B. Utica 
St., BuiBdo. N.Y.; B. G. Thompson, 131 Greene 
St MeeU Tuesday evenings. Council Hall, cor. 
Huron and Blliott Sts.. Bululo. 

248. Corinthian— B. P. LeMay; Oscar B. Price. 
Corinth, Miss. 

249. Camden— Virgil B. SUckhouse; Wm. G. 
Dobbins, 743 Clinton St, Camden. N. J. MeeU 
everr Sunday morning In Machiniats* Hall, 
northwest cor. ad and Pcderal Sta. 

264. Des Moines— Wm. a Rich. 1337 W. isth 
St ; D B. Brown, 7th and Indiana Ave., Dcs 
Moinea Iowa. 

266. Chihuahua — Manuel Parra. en el dipo, 
Chihuahua. Mexico. 

269. Bxcelsior— C P. Robertson. 80x699. Shel- 
ton. Conn.; Wm.H. Demay, 259 Pront St., Derby. 
Conn. MeeU first and third Mondays in Central 
Labor HaU. BUsabeth St. Derby, Conn. 

261. CotnmbU- Prank Barl. 1024 Lehigh St; 
Jas. Nowery. 59 Canal St. South Side, South 
Baston. Pa. MeeU aecond and fourth'Satnrday 
nighU. Jonca Building, Central Square, Baston, 

262. Twin City-T. H. Park. 1624 Sth, St.: 
M. .P. HTues, 719 H St W. MeeU second 
and fourth Tuesdaya, Room 12, Old P. O. Block, 
Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 

264. Boston— John T. Kelky. 76 Camden St. 
Boston; Joseph H. Robinson, 24 Columbia 8t^ 
Cambridge. Masi. MeeU second and fomth 
Thursdays, Wens* Memorial HaU. Boston. Msas. 

266. Grand Crossing— A. P. Nelson. 9700 Cot- 
tage Grove Ave.; R. HUlhonae, 7304 Ingleslde 
Ave. MeeU first and third Pridays >t Pusey 
Hall. cor. Drexel Ave. and 75th St. Chksgo, 111. 

269. Rose HiU— Geo. Q. Kama, Box 563; A. C 
Hankerson. Brookfield. Mo. 

278. Baldwin-A. J. Olmsted, 301 Tama St.. 
Boone, Iowa. 

276. Mt Waahington — J P. BatcheMer, 66 
School St.; Walter A. SewaU, 80 Warren St MeeU 
at Central Labor Union Hall, second and fowth 
Tuesdays, Concord, N. H. 

278. Overland— Geo. C. Newton, i2to N. Third 
at., Kansas City, Kan.; John Patton, S13 Bar- 
nette Ave., Kansas City, Kan. 

279. Oreen Mountain- Bd Ryder. 41 Bngland 
Ht; L. A. Steere. a Kngland St.. St Albana. Vt 

267. Black Bagle~>Oeo. Bison, Great Palls. 
Munt. Me«t2 first and third Saturdays. Tod 

198. rtrsons W. F. Otbome. 1503 Porrest Ave. ; 
Thi»». WUctK'k. t3^^ W. Dlrr Ave. MeeU in Con- 
duclors* Hall first and third Tuesday nighU of 
MCh wonlh. Pnrsons, Kan. ^ 

uigiiizea oy ■" 




' 2Se. Blgin-Prmnk G. Hibbard. 32 Union St.: 

P. L. Dnnnt, 318 Lake St. Me«U first and third 
Tlmxadaya, Blflrin, 111. 

296. Kcyatone— P. H. Carey, Box 613, New 
Brifflitoiu Pa. J. R. Conch, PaUaton, Beaver 
Coanty, Pa. 

300. Stnart Reid — Wm. J. Wilde, 68 Lincoln 
Ave.; Angn^ Petrie. 618 Dover St. Meets firat 
■ad tUnT Wcdneadaya at Harmonie Hall, cor. 
Piiat Ave. and Mineral St.. Milwankee, Wis. 

301. Milwankee— Oscar Bochert,S5i ^yk St.; 
Paul Felbcr, 69I 9th ^^t. Meets every second and 
liaarth Monday nicrht at Wilkea' Hall, cor. lath 
and Vine SU., Milwankee, Wis. 

302. Pioneer Ci^—Robt. H. Blair, 16 Robinson 
Ave.; Francis Smith« 76 8. Church St., Carbon- 
dale. Pa. 

303. West Philadelphia - Albert Bcyler. 5448 
Merion Ave., Sta. W, West Philadelphia: H. B. 
Irwin. 66a N. 13d St., West Philadelphia. 
Meets first and thffd Mondays in the month at 
Hancock Hall. 40th St. and I«ancaater Ave.. 
Philadelphia. Pa. 

304. Jersey City, N J, Thoa. J. Purcell, 7a 
Storm Ave.; A. S. Maxwell, 30S 8th St. Meets 
every Tuesday ni^ht at Schntzen Hall, 3x6 3d St., 

307. Lincoln Lodge— C D. Scherman, 9th and 
Maple Ave., Darton, Ky.; Chas. Bolland, 170^ 
Western Ave., (Sncinnati, Ohio. Meets second 
and fiMirth Wednesdaya at Workman's Hall, 
Ciacinaati. Ohio. 

312. McKieman— Will Clarke, 3411 Piith St., 
Meridian, Mias. 

314. Waterloo— E. J. Collins, 326 Saxon St.; 

Henry Peepo, 303 K. Pirst St. Meets second 

* sad foorth Tucadajrs at City Hall. Waterloo,Iowa. 

316. Phoenix— John McGrail, 66 Wall St. ; M. B. 
Brown. 137 B. J««<y St. MeeU every Thura- 
day at Thorp's uall. cor. Fourth and S. Jersey 
Sta.. BUxabethport. N. J. 

317. Gem City— Henry Rensch. 11 17 Ohio St.; 
Louis Jacobi, 3^ S. nth St., Quincy, 111. 

320. West Side— Wm. B- Knrts. 238 B. 45th St.; 
D. J. Haneker,*5f9 W. 46th St. Meets every Wed- 
Moday, 8.15 P- <»., at 34s W. 4sd St., between 8th 
and 9th Aves., New York City. 

323. Swedish— Jas. B. Johnson, Room 107, 4 
ColambU Pi.; B. Walster, 534 6th Ave. Meets 
second and fourth Satnrdajrs, 360 Pulton St., 
Peters HaU, Brooklyn. N. T. 

327. MeadviUe-Prank BitUer, 47s Pine St.; 
John Hanaway, N. Main St., MeadviUe, Pa. 

330. Bttflblo— Oerman Lodge. Paul J. Reich- 
lia. ISO Pox St, Boflhlo, N. Y. 

33^. Alexandria— C. H. Pickin, 311 S. Patrick 
St.; C M. Hancock. 408 S. Fairfax St. Meets 
second and fourth Wednesdavs of each month at 
Tarpcta Hall, King street, Alexandria, Va. 

340. Newark — M. J. Ford, Box 122: H. B. 
wnUama. S70 Ogden St. Meets second and fourth 
Tuesday nights at Masonic Hall, 481 Broad St., 
Newark. N. J. 

343. West Superior— Phillip T. O'NeUl. 1714 
i2th St.; H. £. Fegg. 1506 Belknap St. Meets first 
and third Wednesdays at Assembly Hall, Tower 
and Winter Sta., West Superior, Wis. 

344. Pateraon— John Coates. 280 AtlanUc St.; 
las. Pearson. 39 Pennington St., Pateraon, N. T. 
Meets first and third Thnrsdaya in Columbia 
HaU. ifn Main St. 

347. Bdwarda — John G. Taylor, 832 S. Main 
St.; Wm. Wilkenson, 122 Harden Ave. Meets 
first and third Tueadaya in Trades' Hall, 347 
Seeberger Block, Jacksonville, ni. 

348. UnHed—Wm. Welch. 6orW.Girard Ave.; 
William Felix. 2647 Ann St. Meets Pridaya at 
Wiser's Hall. N. B. cor. Frankfort Ave. and Gir- 
ard Ave., Philadelphia, Pa. 

340. BraM City — M. T.Coffey. 42 B. Clay St.; 
John Withey, 1162 Bank S. Meeta first and 
third Thursdays in each month at Blks' Hall. 
1 00 Bank St., Waterbury, Conn. 

361. Blyaian— T. C. Warkman, 89 7th Ave., 
New York City; W. R. Wells, 209 West St.. West 
Hoboken, N. J. MeeU first and third Mondays 
at Quartette Club, Washington St., between lotk 
and nth Sta., Hoboken, nT J. 

363. St. Claire— Wm. J. Penner, 316 S. Race 
St.: Bdward Rntter, 198 S. Richland St., Belle- 
vilie, lU. 

364. Capitol City— John P. Bruiggaman. 38 
Cedar St.; B.J.Grusch. jjfiWoodbridgeSt. Meets 
second and fourth Mondaya, Central Labor Hall, 
II Central Row, Hartford. Conn. 

360. Peoria— B. Harry Mergy, 228 Wiaconain 
Ave. ; P. J. Prey. 914 S. Adams St. Meets first and 
third PridajTS or each month at Tradea Assembly 
Hall, comer Adams and Pulton Sta., Peoria, 111. 

362. Anaonla— Charlea Bastop, 28 Arch St.: 
Hennr Nugent, 109 N. Stote St. MeeU second 
and fourth Thursdajra, Germania HaU, Maple St., 
Ansonia, Conn. 

377. Port Scott— Chas. Anderson, P. O. Box 
27; Jas. G. Blackburn. MeeU every Friday 
night in Walters' HaU, Chicago HeighU, lU. 

378. Glenn ~ John H. Foster, 49 Hamlet St.; 
A. Jas. Bnigess, 4151 Division St., Pall River, Maas. 

381. Syracuae — Fredrick Sanderson, 307 W. 
Willow St.; Jos. Crichton. mi Third North St. 
MeeU first and third Monday evenings of each 
month at Klein's Hall. James St., Syracuse. N. Y. 

384. Lansing City~B. B. Morehouse, 819 Chest- 
nut St. Lansing, Mich. MeeU in Tradea Hall, 
second and fourth Thnrsdaya. Lanaing, Mich. 

386. lonU— L B. Speaker, 530 N. Jeff St., 
Ionia, lOch. •— *»- j 

388. Tri-City, Moline, Rock laland and Daven> 
port— Wm.L. Allan, 1632 12th Ave..Moline. lU.: H. 

Abbott, 2420 14th St., Moline, 111. MeeU sec- 
ond and fourth Wedneadaya of each month in 
the Rock laland Indnatrial Home, Rock Island, 


383. Centralla— Richard H. Horn ,80x545; Fred 
Baumer, Box 267. MeeU aecond and fourth Pri- 
daya, Centralia. 111. 

304. Germania— M. Sendig. 5245 Belleview St. 
Ludwig Winter, 1800 Broadway. MeeU every 
Tuesday in MachinisU' Club rooms, 14 N. Pourib 
St., St. Louis. Mo. 

401. Columbus — Patrick Logue, 219 Harriaon 
St.; Fred Wood, 78 4th Place. Brooklyn, N. Y. 
MeeU second and fourth Pridajrs of each month 
at Bergen Hill Hall. 411 Court St., Brookl3m,N. Y. 

402. Manhattan—Wm. M. T. Pike, 967 B. 133d 
St.: Charlea Hakin, 141 B.96th St. MeeU second 
and fourth Pridaya at 100 B. 112th St., New 

406. New York City — Henry Herahoff, 1203 
Brook Ave.; Geo. G. Cameron. 902 B. 138th St. 
MeeU every Tueaday night at Weber's HaU, 444 
Willis Ave., near 145th St., New York City. 

406. The Loyal— Jaa. P. Keogh, 117 Roebling 
St., Brooklyn; Henry Smith, 173 Willis Ave., 
New York City. MeeU Pridaya at Stuyvesant 
HaU, 351 B.i7th St.. New York City. 

408. Yoakum— Ward H. Ogden. Box 9S,Yoak 
um. Tex. MeeU second and fourth Thuisdaya of 
each month at K. of P. HaU. 

416. Hudson VaUey-A. L. Kreeft, Lock Box 
** D " ; J. Wertheim, Lock Box 536, North Tarry- 
town, N.Y. 

416. Paragon— W. B. Carlaon, P. O. Box 52, 
Cleburne, Tex. 

418. Oln^rvUle— Wm. T. Kitchen, 84 Dorchea- 
ter Ave., OlneyviUe. R. I.; W. Franklin, 347 
Manton Ave., Providence, R. I. MeeU secona 
and fourth Mondays at Library Building, Olney- 
viUe Square, OlneyviUe. R. I. 

421. Blmira— Patrick Flynn, 344 Irvine PI.; 
Chas. Twiss, 356 Center St.. Blmira. N. Y. 

422. Bradford— G. W. Irwin, 3 Cottage Row; 
, Wm. B. Georgeson, 175 Congress St. Meets Pri- 
daya at MalU HaU, Main St., Bradford. Pa. 

uigiiizea oy vjv^v/pr^LV^ 



424. Green Point— Wm. J.LoveUce, 113 Newell 
St., Brooklyn, Q. D., N. Y.: Patrick J. Sullivan. 
143 Greene St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

428. Kewanee— Wm. Cranston, Box 946: C. B. 
Moore, Box 925. Kewanee. 111. Meets second and 
fourth Fridays of each month. 

429. Seaboard— ]>wis Blount. AbbeviUe, S. C. 
Meets first and third Thursdays at B. L. K. Hall. 

432. Meteor — Arthur Ireland. Manitoba Ave. 
C. O. Philips. Manitoba Ave., South Milwaukee. 
Wis. MeeU first and third Tuesdays at Odd Pel- 
lows HaU. 

433. Staten Island— J. H. Sweatman,42 Jewett 
Ave., Port Richmond. Staten Island, N.Y. MeeU 
first and third Mondays, Washington Bngine 
Co.. No. 4, Port Richmond, SUten Island. N. Y. 

434. Eureka— Henry Flicker, 34a E. 19th St., 
New York City ; Chas. C. Parish, 311 S. 4th St. 
Meets Thursdays at loi Grand St., Brooklyn, 
N. Y. 

436. Unitsr— Geo. S.Tourtellotte. 42a N. Stanley 
St.; Lewis Hanford, 145 Winthrop St. Meets 
first and third Tuesdajrs at Junioi O. U. A. M. 
Hall, comer West Main and Main Sts., New 
Britain, Conn. 

437. Belle City— A. J. Linck, 703 Mead St. ; John 
Moe. 713 9th St. Meets every second and fourth 
Mondajrs at Odd Fellows' Hall. Wisconsin street. 
Racine, Wis. 

438. Canton — Ira A. Anngat, 53s Prospect 
Ave.; Charles R. Judd, Canton. Ohio. 

439. Lock City — G.Van WyCk, in Park Ave., 
Lockport, N. T. 

440. P rog rcaal ve— G. O. Biahop, care Ingeraoll 
Milling Machine Co.; Geo.Reimer. 809 First Ave., 
Rocktord, 111. 

441 . Portsmouth— Chas W. Sydnor, 319 Craw- 
ford St ; J. M. Wilkes Cottage Place. Meets Fri- 
days, Elks' HaU, High St., Portsmouth, Va. 

442. Invincible— L. O. Vanghan, Box 84, Duns- 
muir, Siakiyon Co.. Cal. 

443. Madison— Otto Anderson, 431 N. Butler 
St., Madison, Wis. Meets second and fourth 
Tuesday evenings each month at Labor HaU. 
SUte St. 

444. Little Palls-W. A. Roulette, 84 Church St., 
Little Palls. N. Y. Meets first and third Tues- 
days in eacn month at Royal Arcanum Rooms. 

449. Mystic Valley— Wm.L.Graves. 61 % Wash- 
ington St.; Thos. E. Ritchie. 34 Harvard St. MeeU 
seeond and fourth Fridays at 8 o'clock, at G. A. 
R. HaU. Winchester. Maas. 

460. E. V. Debs— J. Lambert. MeeU first and 
third Wednesdays, in Foresters Hail, Hoopes- 


Union workingmen and workingwomen and 
S3rmpathisers with labor have refusea to purchase 
articles produced by the following firms. Labor 
papers please copy : 

American Biscuit Compaujr's blscuiU. 

American Tobacco Company. 


Apsley Rubber Company, Hudson. Mass. 

Berger Bedding Company, A. Weigel & Co., 

mattresses, MUwauxee, Wis. 
Banner Cigar Company, Detroit. Mich. 
Balx Brewing Co., Philadelphia, Pa. 
Boston Pilot. Boston RepubUc. 
Boston Belting Company. 
Brown Bros. Cigar Company, Detroit, Mich. 
Buffalo Barrels. 

Chas. H. Busbey's cigars, McSherrytown, Pa. 
Clement, Bane s Co.. clothiers, Chicago. 
Consolidated Steel and Wire Company. 
C. Schreier, Sheboygan, Wis., maltster. 
Cumberland Flour Mills and Liberty Flour Mills, 

NashviUe. Tenn. 
Daube, Cohen & Co., clothing, Chicago. 
Detroit Cigar Company, Detroit. Mich. 
Derby Bicycle Company, Tackson, Mich. 
DeuscherCompany, Hanulton. Ohio, maltster. 
Deutsche Post, Cleveland. Ohio. 
Donohue & Hennebery, Printers and Publishers, 

Chicago. lU. 
Bitel & Cassebohn's cigars, Louisville. Ky. 
Farrar & TrelU. Boiler and Machine Works, 

Steam Engines. Buffalo, N. Y. 
Foote, Schultze & Co., St. Paul. Minn. 
Freie Presse. Chicago, 111. 
FuUer & Warren Stove Company. Milwaukee. 
Geo. Ehret's lager beer. 
Geo. Moclts Cigar Company, Detroit. Mich. 
GobeiU Pattern Works, Cleveland. Ohio. 
Gordon Bros.' Cigar Company, Detroit. 
Gormully & Jeffrey Bicycle Co., Chicago. lU. 
Gould & Walker, booU and shoes, Westboro. 
Gregory & Shaw, booU and shoes, South Fram* 

ingham, Mass. 
Gross & Co., cigars. Detroit, Mich. 
Hamilton -Brown Shoe Company, St. Louis. 
Harding & Todd, shoes. Rochester, N. Y. 
Harrington & Ouelette Cigar Co., Detroit, Mich. 
Hart, Schaff'oer & Marks, Chicago. 
H. Diets Cigar Company. Detroit. Mich. 
Hetterman Bros. Company. ciRsrs. LouiavtUe.Ky. 
Imperial MiU Company, Dululh. Minn. 
Jos. Biefield and Siegel & Bros., clothiers, 

Chicago, lU. 
Kerbs, Wertheim fit Schiffer. cigars. New York. 

Kipp Bros., mattresses and spriug beds, Milwau 

Larkins Soap Works. Buffalo. N. Y. 

Maple City Soap Works. 

MetropoliUn life Insurance Company. 

Moek's Cigar Company, Detroit, Mich. 

Monmouth Mining and Manufacturing Company 
(Sewer Pipe). 

Monmouth (111.) Pottery Company. 

Overman Bicycle Company, Chicopee Falls, Mass. 

Ottenberg Bros., Cigars. New York City. 

Plant Milling Co., Geo. P. 

PoweU, Smith ft Co.. cigars. New York. 

Quincy Show Case Works, Quincy, lU. 

Rochester Clothiers' Exchange. 

Rockford Chair & Furniture Co. 

Rothschild, Son & Co.. bar fixtures. 

Roysl Mantel & Furniture Co.. Rockford, 111. 

Schneider-Trenkamp Company, manufacturers 
"Reliable" oil, gas and gasoline stoves, 
aeveland, Ohio. 

School Seat Company, furniture. Grand Rapids. 

Sardines— B W. Brown, Gunrock Packing Com- 
panv. Eureka Packing Company, Lawrence 
Packing Company. Crescent Packing Com- 
pany, Bucka Harbor Packing Company. 
Indian Cove Packing Company.of Lubecand 
Machias, Maine. 

S. F. Hess & Co.. cigars, Rochester. N. Y. 

Seig & Walpole. bicycles, Kenosha, Wis. 

Springfield (111.) Elevator MiUing Company. 

St. Louia Brewers* Association, lager beer. 

Strong. Garfield Company, B. Weymouth, Maas. 

Studebaker Bros. Manufacturing Compan3r*s 
carriages and wagons. South Bend, Ind. 

Swift's Sure Specific Atlanta. Ga. 

Thomas Taylor & Son, Hudson, Mass. 

Times, Los Angeles, CaL 

United States Baking Company. 

United SUtes Bicycle Company and Chicago 
Stamping Company. 

Vallens & Co.. Cigars, Chicago. 

Venable Bros.' Quarries, Lithonia, Ga. 

Western Wheel Co.. Chicago, HI. 

W, B. Conkev Co.. printers, ChicaKO<New York. 

W. H. Fauber, manufacturer one piece bicycle 
crank hanger, Chicago, lU. 

Winter Bros. Brewing Company. Iron Citv Brew 
Ing Company, Pittsburg, Pa.; Bberhard & 
Ot)ers Brewing Company, Alleghany, Pa. 

W.L.Kidder & Son MUling Co.,Terre Haute. Ind. 

Wm. Tegge Cigar Company, Detroit. Mich. 

Yocum Broa., Cigars. Reading, Pa. 

If labor would be st 






BirmiBi^iAiii . 



Ttxcaon 143 


Pine Bluil^ SI 

British Columbia 
VancooTcr i8a 


Ban Pranciaco. ..68 
Dnnamoir 44a 


Denver 47 

Pueblo 13 


Anaonia 36a 

Derby 059 

Bridgeport 30 

Barabrd 354 

New Bfitain 436 

NewHATeo .. 87 

Waterbnry 349 

imiminffton .... 184 

DiST. or Columbia 
Waahi]is:ton .... 174 

Femandina .... 40 


AtlanU I 

An fttHa t 

Maoon «...8 



Aarora 236 

Bellerille 353 

Centralia 39^ 

Chicago 38 

Chicago 136 

Chicago . 
Chicago . 

Chicago M9 

Chicago Heig*»..377 

BIfin a95 

Galeaborg ai3 

Grand Croaaing.a6s 

Hoopeaton 450 

TacnonYille .... 347 

JoBet iL 

Kewanee 428 

Mattoon 96 

Peoria 360 


Rock Island.... 388 

Sfpringfitid IS7 

Boath Chicago.. 128 
Urbana ao6 


Port Wayne 70 

Oarrett ^....39 

Huntington ....150 
Indianapolis . . . . i6t 
U>gansport 54 


Boone 273 

Des Moines 354 

Sioux City 178 

Waterloo 314 

Cedar Rapids.. .a6a 

Horton . 

Kansas City rt 

Kansas City.... 378 

Parsons ags 


Covington 125 

Lndlow 153 

Paducah 133 


New Orleans 37 

Great Palls 387 

Winnipeg tsa 


Baltimore 186 

S. Cumbeiland.aia 


Boston a64 

Pall River 378 

Lowell 138 

N. Upper Palls.3& 
Winchester ....449 


Chihnahua as6 

San I<uis Potest . 344 


Baydty.... 98 

Detroit 83 

Port Huron 117 

Grand Rapids.. loi 

Ionia 385 

Jackson 05 

tansing 384 

Muskegon 170 

Manistee 50 

Owosso 114 

Saginaw 187 


Brainerd 197 

Dulnth 151 

St. Paul 113 

Winona 133 


Corinth 348 

Meridian 31a 

Vicksbutv. 18 

Water Violey.... 61 


Brookfield 369 

DeSoto 135 

Joplin 33a 

Hannibal 64 

Kanaas City 93 

Moberly 57 

SedaUa 71 

Springfield 17 

St. Joseph no 

St. Louis 19 

St. Louis 41 

StLottis 8s 

St. Loois 394 


Anaconda 91 

Butte City 88 

Livingston ......166 


Omaha 31 

Nbw Hampshibb. 

Concord 376 

Nbw Jbrsbt. 

Camden 349 

Blisabethport . . 315 

Hoboken 351 

Newark 340 

Jersey City 304 
'aterson 344 

Nbw Mbxico. 

Raton 97 

Albequer<|ue ... 131 
Nbw Tobk. 

Auburn 133 

Bfookljm 333 

Brooklyn .401 

Brooklyn 434 

Bttllalo 345 

Builklo 330 

Tarrytown 415 

Blmira 431 

Lockport 439 

Little Palls 444 

New York 330 

New York 403 

New York 403 

New York 406 

New York 434 

Newburgh 99 

Olean 175 

Port Richmond. 433 
Schenectady ... 304 
Seneca Palls.... 375 

Syracuse 381 

Greenpoint ....424 

Watertown 194 

Watervleit 106 

Yonkers 60 

NoBTS Carolina. 

Raleigh .. 



Akron 3oa 

Barberton 118 

Cincinnati 65 

Cincinnati 163 

Cincinnati 307 

Canton 4W 

Cleveland 83 

Cleveland 33^ 

Cleveland ^ 

Cleveland 309 

Columbus 55 

Davton 335 

Delaware 193 

Hamilton 341 

Lima 116 

Middletown 41? 

Mt. Vernon 84 

Newark 80 

Portsmouth 404 

Springfield ....148 

Snelby 106 

Toledo 105 

Toledo 155 


Stratford 103 

Toronto 335 


H. Portland i^ 

Portland .. 



Bradford 433 

Carbondale 303 

Brie loi 

Galeton 31 

iohnstown 78 
feadville 337 

Newcastle 166 

New Brighton.. 396 

Oil City 113 

Philadelphia ...317 
Philadelphia . . .303 
Philadelphia... 348 

Pittaburg 53 

Pittsburg 199 

Reading 19$ 

Sayre a36 

Scranton 330 

South Baston ... 361 

TitusviUe 156 

Wilkesbarre ...310 
York 343 



Montreal 111 

Montreal 334 

Rbodb Island. 

Olnevville 418 

Providence 147 

South Carolina. 

AbbeviUe ......419 

Columbia 44 

Chattanooga ....56 

iackson 73 
Lnozville 58 

Memphis 14 

Nashville 154 


Cleburne 416 

Denison 35 

Dallas 43 

Port Worth 75 

Galveston 6 

Houston 13 

Marshall 9 

Palestine 38 

San Antonio ....36 

Temple S9 




Ogden 137 

Salt Lake City . 106 


Alexandria 336 

Newport News. 137 
Portsmouth ....441 

Richmond to 

Roanoke 165 

Salem 14a 


SL Albans 379 


SeatUe 79 

Tacoma 103 


Ban Claire 173 

Kenosha 34 

Milwaukee 66 

Milwaukee 300 

Milwaukee 301 

Madison 443 

Racine 437 

S. Milwaukee.. 43s 
W. Superior 343 


Cheyenne 66 

Bvanston 307 


J.......... 83 50 

^ Pins (solid gold).... I 50 

Badge Pins. Bar top 300 

Solia Gold Charm, No. 428. 5 00 
Rolled Gold Plated Charm, 

No. 103 3 00 

RoIledGold Locket 335 

Rituals, one set of five 100 

Constitations, Snglish 5 

Constitutions. German.... 5 
Application Blanks per 100. 50 

Membership Cards free 

Vbucher Books 35 

ReceiptBooks 35 

Receipt Books for Borrowed 
Money 10 

Punch 75 

Letter Heads, per pad of 

loosheets 60 

Withdrawal Cards 10 

Proceedings of the Conven- 
tion 10 

Due Ledger, 50-page i 40 

Due Ledger, loo-page 3 50 

Roll Book I 00 

Minute Book 100 

CashBook 50 

Members' Due Books 5 

Initiation stamp 100 

Monthly due stamp (per 

capita) 30 

Quarterly due stamp 35 

Dropped member's rein- 
statement stamp 100 

Grand Lodge reinstatement 
stamp (lapsed lodges) ... 3 00 

Grand Lodge indiridual 
membership stamp 50 

Loan stamps free 

Apprenticeship stamps— 

Monthlv ID 

Quarterly due 13^ 

Initiation 50 

Card Cases 8 

or 75c per dosen. 
All orders for supplies must be 

accompanied by tne money. 

uigitizea oy '' 



H aeniorrhoids C ured 

thoroughly by the 

R rinkerhoff System 

Without use off Kniffe, Cautery, 

Antesthetic or Detention 

ffrom Business. 


When bleeding, lower the vlUUty. 

When protruding, annoy the sufferer. 

When Internal, cause obscure symptoms. 

When acutely Inflamed .cause severe suffering. 

When accompanied with Ossure.cjuse intense 

When accompanied with rectal catarrh (In- 
flammation), cause Itching. 

Temporary relief can be obtained bv using 
the Brlnkerhoff prescription locally. Write for 
sample; with It you will receive valuable Infor- 
mation concerning the Brhakerhoff System, to- 
gether with endorsements from pe'^ple of the 
highest hategrlty and standing In professional and 
business circles. This will satisfy you that a thor- 
ough cure can be affected without surgery when 
the Brlnkerhoff system Is employed. Address 


38-4« McVickcr's Theatre B idg., Cbtcafo, III. 

I hm9t instructed mj W«<«t*m repr«v>>ntati*v to intemew »cy- 
erml prominent citueiu of Chieago who h«^e l-etn treAied by the 
Brtnttrftoff Syvtem. and h* reports to me tb«t it has pn>^en in 
their cut all thAt is citkimed for it. The»« «>n>1(>rM<ioent8 come 
from soin* of o«r most pr<.>minent r»ilri>«<l ufflctA)* «n<l rititcns 
who are known to b« thon>ai;hIy relt*hle We present the 
Rrinkerhoff Sjvtem to our re«drT> with the AMuraitce from us 
that it u Tcrr highly en<lor»ed in Ch.c&^o. 

(&«D»it W. K r.ATES. 

4dverti9in( H*»«j|*r 

Machinists should 
patronize Journal 


FoMint TKcmMl Vapor Bath Cabinet. 

^ « lib or without rhMStoMMT. rviMotAUp* 
^^ Tapww ■•tflmlo< T«r«ilik or Me»erol 
BstMnv Fnrywa at ■•••. Citre* ioia*, 
BkManllMn, SmU l««r«l««a, 
Pp«mIo OM|»Ulntm All "' 
loo* m4 kltee} IN>MM^ 
ytailVok. Br««tlSe«theV«MM4»\hMft. Iiu« 
» X 1 In. folded : wetichl : lU It u uvt <* 
elc«k or nek but •C*kiuet suiin-iu i »>* • 
nlTMiMd tTMBO. rrl«oS4. »rre Ur.eilu. 
SWML Af««toWul*4. ■tklXkM^ofl' 

aMccana? it* a— w st^Toij 

itiU, M—litlnt^fiaeilCiwttfc 
teopH^aoterwhlck rwui wn rU wHk — wJmU^, 
llMriMTabM, CoMOTt Hotb, It HMlcnJ sr Tftliinf Imw^ 
terforfao Show BUlo, A4«lariMi Tlckff4a, Bte., fl*r$|5.29. 
An •P9«rtmmttj !• makm WM WOWKT BAST t<«*i« P«Mlc mmtmr' 
ulnMoat*. Just the thln^ for Ctanreli and SandMr-fldiool 
entertainments. Anyone ean operate tbcm. Send for 
ntn CiUU«n» of flraphoyh— ■■, Booor^ B<«.wttfch—iiiSi 
•flootiM— lak tfm Chooowto mo ■afclofMf aoMj witk mmr 
Q r t mU fh a mt i OntSto, or. by MndSng MB MLLAB we wfll 
■end the outfit by exprns C. O. D.. on^trt to wiwlaatl— , 
balance payable when reeelred. Addrav. 
(■eara, Beeba«k A Ca. mo thmthly ■■llatli lanii.) 

Mothers 1 Mothers 1 Mothers 1 


Has been used for over FIPTT TBA.RS br Mil* 
■iloM of OMtlMrs for their CHILDREN while 
TBBTHINa with perfect succcm. It sMtkcs tiM 
chlM , BofieoB the nm», allays all pate. CURBS 
WIND COLIC, and is the best remedy for DIAR- 

RHCEA. Sold by dragirirtsin every part of the 
world. Be sore and mA for **MrB. Wtaatow's 


lac Symp/* and take 

t cents a bottle. 

no other kind. 

IThe Com 
/That Aches 

r can easily be removed by ua>- 
J Ing A-Corn Salve-. No 
l>atn! No poleon. All druir- 
Klsts »fU ii or mailed for fif- 
teen oenla by 
^ 300 CJherry St^ FkiUu 


iSend «eir^d(lre«te<l enret- 
lof»e untl I'll lell vou how to 
Iciire liruiikcnnrs^ without 
llhc patient's knowledge. 

IVn't tend nKMtev. 


Oraad Raplda, MkliJ 

tawli io4 IJt.e. S.^ 


Entered at Chicaigo Poit-OiBce •• Second-ClaM Matter. 

D. DOUGLAS WILSON, Editor and Manager, W. N. GATES, Advertlalng Agant, 

950 MONON Block, CHtCAOo, 111. 29 Eucuo Avf., CLevf land, Ohio. 

Vol. XI. 

Chicago, March, 1899. 

No. 3. 

" UT of the past the present has 
come; out of the present 
with all its hideous and livid 
miseries, will come a future 
that will be full of brightness, 
peace and happiness for the worker. 
The past has often been dark for him, 
so dark that no ray of light seemed 
strong enough to pierce the midnight 
blackness in which he was entombed; 
no power seemed stronger than the 
power by which he was enslaved. But 
in the fullness of time the light came; 
in due season his fetters fell. It was al- 
ways darkest before the dawn, and 
though the present has few rays of 
light to shed on the worker, his future 
is pregnant with sunshine and gladness. 
He is listening, and reading, and think- 
ing, and "dreaming dreams no 
WORKER ever dared to dream be- 
fore,** and is gradually preparing him- 
self for the great change that will come 
when he takes possession of his king- 

Gurth. the Saxon swineherd, had a 
piece of iron, bent and riveted, around 
his neck; he was bom thrall of Cedric 
of Rotherwood, but a change came, the 
iron collar was taken away, and he 
stood erect — a freeman ! From thrall to 

freeman was a great change, but no 
greater than the change that will take 
place when Gurth, the modern wage 
slave, shall emancipate himself and take 
possession of all he creates. Gurth re- 
ceived his liberty from Cedric; the mod- 
ern Gurth must be his own Cedric — 
must file his own fetters. The light of 
liberty was bestowed on the one, the 
other must invoke his own dawn. He 
is now considering and planning how it 
shall be done. 

A time there was when the freeman 
owned the tools that his skill manipu- 
lated, when he could create all that his 
wants required; when he wore no man's 
collar — when he called no man master. 
But a change came, and with it adver- 
sity, for he lost the ownership and con- 
trol of the tools that gave him inde- 
pendence; was forced into an invisible 
collar and again became a slave — z slave 
to the man or corporation who hired 
him for a wage and owned the tools that 
he used. The collar of his prototype 
was of' riveted iron, his is of fear that 
he won't have an opportunity to earn 
bread. This is his condition to-day, 
and the fear with which he is possessed 
makes him ponder upon his fate. With 
the introduction of new tools— over 

Digitized by 




which he has no control — this fear 
haunts him continuously; an invisible 
collar that makes him a slave. But the 
galling of his yoke is making him look 
about for a means to get rid of itj he is 
in darkness, but his eyes are turned to 
the direction from whence will come 
the light. His knowledge of the situa- 
tion will furnish him its key. He will 
soon work out his own salvation. 

He is learning, and learning rapidly, 
that he must be his own Moses to lead 
himself out of his bondage — must be his 
own Messiah and usher in the new dis- 
pensation when he will once more own 
the tools of production. He is grasp- 
ing the truth more strongly every day — 
is getting nearer the light. 

When the light bursts upon him he 
will see that he must act collectively; 
that he must not allow any petty differ- 
ence to prevent him from acting co- 
operatively with his fellows; that he 
must not allow a difference of creed or 
country to come between him and his 
brother worker who is struggling as he 
is towards emancipation. With the 
poet Moore he must ask himself: 

Shall I ask the brave soldier who stood 

by my side 
In the cause of mankind, if our creeds 

Shall I give up the friend I have valued 

and tried. 
If he kneel not before the same altar 

with me? 
When his awakening comes he will 
be quick to act. When he deposits an 
united ballot in his own interest his in- 
visible collar will cease to be. When 
he does that his bread will be assured; 
the tears of his wife will give place to 
smiles; the ashen hue on the faces of 
his factory blighted children will change 
to the color, dimples and sunshine of 
innocent childhood, and the miserable 
present — dark as it is — will give place to 
a future that will be full of gladness. 
This future will not come until he asks 
for it— until he and his fellows VOTE 
it into existence. Vote, then, as you 
ought to, "and the sons of men will 
shout for joyl" 

In spite of the industrial war that 

ended so disastrously to the members of 
the Amalgamated Society of Engineers 
in Britain last year, the society is again 
in splendid working order. Mr. Barnes, 
the general secretary, states — ^according 
to the English papers — that his organi- 
zation has paid off all the debts it con- 
tracted during that historic struggle, 
and has started the new year with a bal- 
ance on hand of one million dollars! 

This says a great deal for the re- 
cuperative power of the *Mals, and it 
also sounds a vote of warning to the 
Federated Employers' Association, 
should it feel like indulging again in the 
luxury of a lockout. The Journal fra- 
ternally congratulates its brother ma- 
chinists across the Atlantic. 

The *Mals are not the only ones who 
are doing well, for according to the 
sixty-eighth annual report of the Asso- 
ciated Iron Molders of Scotland, that 
society has claims for congratulation as 
well. Mr. Jack, the general secretary, in 
this report says: "We began the year 
with a capital account of £40,467 7s. 
5d., while our net income for the year 
was £25,156 i8s. 6j^d. These added 
together make an available cash fund of 
£65,624 5s. iij^d. to carry out our work 
as an association. Our net outlay was 
£15.263 OS. 3Hd., and this deducted 
from our capital for 1898 leaves us with 
a balance of £50,361 5s. 8d. to carry for- 
ward to 1899. From this it will be seen 
we have made a net gain of £9,893 
i8s. 3d., and a monthly gain of £824 
9s. loVA. as compared with a monthly 
gain of £564 15s. 3d in 1897." 

This society has sent in a demand for 
an advance of a cent an hour on time 
wages, and two and a half per cent on 
piecework. The indications are that 
the demand will be acceded. 

There was a funeral at Sharon, Mass., 
the other day about which the newspa- 
pers went into hysterics, particularly ^o 
when they described the blue velvet, 
white satin and silver ornaments with 
which the coffin was decorated. They 
also tell that a tall marble shaft will be 
erected to mark the final resting place 

Digitized by 




of the late lamented. A prominent citi- 
zen? No, a monkey I A high bred and 
gibbering, grinning, aristocratic mon- 
key. While there are thousands of 
honest workingmen who breathe their 
last in some charitable institution, 
whose bodies go to fatten the potter's 
field, this pampered ape almost receives 
a public funeral. It's sad and sorrow- 
ful, but it is true, the worker who pro- 
duces all things is starved and exploited 
during life, and when he dies — well, 

Rattle his bones over the stones. 

He's only a pauper whom nobody owns. 

How much lletter it would be — for 
him — if he could change places with 
some poodle or monkey! 

great encouragement to the telegraph 
operators as well as showing to the 
world that it pays to be organized. 

A boat loaded with an hundred thou- 
sand bottles of white man's burden has 
landed in Manila. Thus always does 
civilization advance. 

Organized labor has won a splendid 
victory in Canada. In the dispute be- 
tween the Grand Trunk Railway and its 
telegraphers which was submitted to ar- 
bitration with Mr. Frank Sargent, of 
the Brotherhood of Locomotive Fire- 
men, as representative of the men; Mr. 
B. B. Osier, representing the company, 
and Sir William Ralph Meredith, Chief 
Justice of Ontario, as referee, after four 
weeks' session, came to the following 

Recognition of the Telejjraphers' 

All men who were discharged during 
the agitation to be reinstated. 

Wages to be advanced on an average 
of ten per cent. 

The hours of labor on the main line 
to be reduced to ten per day and to 
twelve per day on the branch lines. 

Other minor matters in dispute were 
settled; all future differences to go to 

The arbiters met in Toronto, and 
every detail of the situation was gone 
over in a conscientious manner with the 
above result. The claims, counterclaims 
and arguments, lasted a month, but the 
men came out on top. This will give 

The man in the case was in New 
York, the lady was in Philadelphia, <o 
they got married by long distance tele- 
phone. Now, if they will only stick to 
the telephone and the distance in be- 
tween, there will be no danger of seri- 
ous domestic discord, nor will there be 
any discussions in which a rolling pin 
or a stove lifter would figure promi- 

» < 

I dreamed a dream. 

And I saw in my dream one who 
smiled fatly in a blessed place. And 
around him moved the beatific host. 

And I looked into his face and knew 
him for a fattener on interest and divi- 
dends; a distrainer for rent; a smug and 
self-satisfied payer of meager wages; a 
contriver of means to take something 
from everybody for nothing. 

And I said to the spirit nearest me, 
"How Cometh he among you?" 

And the spirit answered, "Capital, my 
friend, Capital!" 

Which was absurd. — Aesop, or Some- 

By a straw vote taken recently at the 
state penal institution of Joliet, III., it 
was found that the inmates were prac- 
tically solid for expansion, while there 
was not a dissenting vote on the ques- 
tion of an open door policy. 

Friends of municipal ownership and 
advocates of the system of city councils 
employing the labor they need direct, 
will be pleased to know that the evi- 
dence is accumulating to prove that the 
contract system is a failure. 

The Commissioners of the District of 
Columbia report that street cleaning by 
contract is unprofitable, and has asked 
congress to abolish the system. They 
have tried both direct employment and 
the contract plan, and give the follow- 
ing comparative statement: 

Laborers efnployed by the Commis- 

Digitized by 




sioners at $1.25 per day swept 308,512 
square yards daily, by hand, at a cost of 
19 1-3 cents per 1,000 yards. 

Th? contract price for the street 
sweeping is 32 cents a 1,000 yards, and 
the contractor pays his laborers only $1 

a day. 


Supposing you had called the fore- 
man a liar— a blank, blankety blank liar 
— and the boss sent you home for six 
years on full pay — insisting that you go 
to the pay car regularly — wouldn't it 
make you sick? That's how General 

Egan feels! 


A great deal is heard occasionally 
about the quality of the skill that is pro- 
vided by corporations when they pro- 
vide — or rather pretend to provide — for 
their sick employes. The employes in- 
variably foot the bill, though they have 
no voice in the selection of who shall 
supply the professional skill that they 
pay for, hence it very often occurs that 
a medical man is selected, not so much 
for his ability as a medical man, but 
rather for the pull he had with the man- 
agement. This being the case, it is not 
to be wondered at that employes who 
have been injured when skill of this 
class has been provided them, feel that 
they are entitled to damages. To any 
such the following decision — reported 
in the New York Sun — may be of inter- 
est as well as enlightment: 

A recently decided case In Indiana states 
very clearly the obligations of a railroad 
company which undertakes to provide 
hospital treatment for its employes who 
are injured while in its service. The 
plaintiff was a fireman whose foot was 
crushed in consequence of falling: from 
the step of a locomotive on the Wabash 
railway. The company had retained a 
portion of his wages for the mainte- 
nance of a hospital for its sick or dis- 
abled employes, and he was taken to that 
hospital, where a surgeon performed an 
operation which shortened the plaintiff's 
leg three or four inches. The evidence 
tended to show that this amputation was 
unnecessary and that the surgeon was 
Incompetent by reason of his indulgence 
in intoxicating liquors and narcotic drugs. 
Proof was given that this surgeon's gen- 
eral reputation in the community for 
some time prior to his treatment of the 
plaintiff was that of an inebriate. The 
supreme court of Indiana holds that a 

railroad corporation maintaining such a 
hospital for its servants must use reason- 
able care to employ only competent sur- 
geons, and where one of Its surgeons is 
notoriously a drunkard, a Jury may prop- 
erly infer that the officers of the com- 
pany know or ought to know that fact. 
Accordingly, it has affirmed a verdict of 
16.500 against the Wabash Railway Com- 
pany, based on the malpractice of such 
a surgeon. 

If this decision holds good it will 

have a good eflTect and tend to make 

railroad and other corporations m<1re 

particular in their selection of medical 

men. " 

The Labor Commissioner of Connec- 
ticut has issued his report for the year 
1898, and among many things of interest 
to labor are a series of opinions from 
the different labor organizations in the 
state, as to what class of reform is most 
generally needed, and what would bene- 
fit labor the most. The opinion ex- 
pressed by our brothers of No. 30, 
Bridgeport, is as follows: 

• • • Organization outclasses all re- 
forms offered for the betterment of the 
laboring classes, save some form of so- 
cialism. Free trade, with the single tax, 
high tariff or low tariff have proved fruit- 
less to stem the tide of falling wages. 
The single tax is being tried in New Zea- 
land, and from reports the results ob- 
tained are not to be compared with what 
could be obtained by organized labor 
thoroughly organized. The reasons 
Bridgeport is so poorly organized are 
various. Some cannot bear the thought of 
the financial investment required, while 
others are fearful that if their employers 
knew of their Joining the union their Jobs 
would be Jeopardized, while the bulk, I 
must say. are not awake to the real neces- 
sity of the times. Few of the laboring 
class know anything of political economy, 
in fact hardly know the application of 
the same. We of Bridgeport believe In 
shortening the number of hours for a 
day's work, thereby employing the sur- 
plus and opening chances for better pay 
made by the increased demand for labor. 

The conditions that exist in Bridge- 
port arc strongly in evidence elsewhere. 
Fear of investing a dollar in a labor or- 
ganization; fear of being found out by 
the bosses, and fear of losing a job, arc 
the great drawbacks to organization of 
the workers. Education and education 
alone will furnish the remedy. When 
they once realize that it is only through 
thorough organization that their con- 

uigiiizea by 




dition in the social scale can be elevated, 
they will stop at nothing in the con- 
summation of their desires, and noth- 
ing will be considered a sacrifice. Fear 
of consequences will not enter into 
their calculations when their education 
is complete. 

It seems quite a problem to get a 
simple name for the new horseless car- 
riages. Though the Journal does not 
know much about philology, it would 
suggest the adoption of the name au- 
thorized by the Flemish Academy at 
Antwerp on the grounds of simplicity. 
The name is Snellparrdelooszonders- 
poormegpet roolrij nig ! 

The proposition that was submitted 
to a referendum vote of the members of 
the International Typographical Union 
as to whether that union should absorb 
our members or not who are employed 
in charge of linotype machines in print- 
ing offices, has resulted in a two to one 
vote in the afllirmative. The proposi- 
tion and result is reported as follows in 
the Typographical Journal: 

Second PropoelUon— To provide for ad- 
mission of non-printer machine-tenders 
unUl a certain date, and the controlliner 
of such positions by our unlon.—For, 
6,S»3; against, 3,706. 

Commenting upon this result it says: 

Prior to enforcing: this latter amend- 
ment, however, the executive council Is 
instructed to confer with the officers of 
the machinists' organisation, and such a 
conference will undoubtedly be held In 
the near future. 

Up to this writing the Journal is un- 
aware of any arrangements having been 
made for the conference, but will hail 
with joy any effort in that direction. 
A conference is necessary, and the 
sooner one is held the better — the 
sooner we will know what the printers 
intend doing. 

There is an old adage to the effect 
that one man may take a horse to the 
spring, but twenty can't make him 
drink if he doesn't feel so disposed; sup- 
posing that our members refuse to be 
absorbed by the International Typo- 
graphical Union when the "enforcing** 

process commences 1 What then? Yes, 
let's have a conference by all means and 
stop this ridiculous business of two 
trade unions butting at one another 
while the typothetac stands by, grins, 
any says, "Sick 'em." Let us have har- 
mony and every man belonging to his 
own craft organization, whether he is 
employed in a print shop, a shoe factory 
or a bakery. 

Some alleged labor publications are 
under the impression that there is some- 
thing serious ahead, and even though 
they are impressed that way, they make 
no attempt to pour oil on the troubled 
waters. One of them— called the Fed- 
erationist, published in Chicago— -as 
soon as the referendum vote was an- 
nounced, pulled its cap down, spat on 
its hands and yelled: 

Now, James O'Connell, "Unloose the 
do^s of war." We'll be with you to the 

And then extends to our membership 
an invitation to "come in out of the 
wet," in a kind of a providence-I'U- 
watch-over-you manner that is very af- 
fecting. But they won't come in. 
Neither will the dogs of war be un- 
leashed, unless — 

The editor of the Federationist — who, 
by the way, is a member of the I. T. U., 
and who bears the same euphonious 
surname as Sairy Gamp's imaginary 
friend — takes a great interest in the 
linotype situation, and when he is not 
writing poetry gives very interesting in- 
terviews on the machine question. 
While in Kansas City during the A. F. 
of L. convention he told Brother Mc- 
Dermott, the labor editor of the Chi- 
cago Record, in an interview, that it 
was all on account of "their close con- 
nection with printers" that machinists 
had their pay raised from twelve dollars 
a week to thirty-five, when they took 
charge of linotype machines! Doesn't 
that kill ye? His study of the situation 
has evidently unsettled his mind. The 
twelve dollar a week machinists he 
speaks of — if they are in Chicago— are 
not members of our association, and the 
wage received by machinists in printing 

uigiiizea oy vjiv_/v>'^L\^ 




offices is a fair and eqtiitable return for 
the skill that is necessary to keep a 
linotype plant in successful operation. 
Connection with printers has nothing 
to do with the case. If it were pretty 
typewriter girls and not compositors 
who manipulated the keys, the machin- 
ist's income wouldn't suffer in the least. 
The gentleman's grey matter is addled. 

A musician who was employed in a 
Klondike theatre to play the cornet 
boasts that he made $45,000 by his in- 
dustry. Who says that it doesn't pay 
to blow your own horn? 

As was noted in last month's issue of 
the Journal, the strike at the works of 
the Davis Iron Company, in Denver, 
Colo., was amicably adjusted. The G. 
M. M. arrived in that city on Sunday, 
January 22d, and at once entered into 
negotiations with Messrs. Davis to ter- 
minate the trouble. He visited the firm 
accompanied by Bro. Geo. S. Wells, 
the M. M. of No. 47, and Bro. Russel 
I. Wisler, the recording secretary. 
Several visits were made and meetings 
held by the lodge before an agreement 
was reached. At last a basis of settle- 
ment acceptable to both the firm and 
No. 47 was found, after which it was 
an easy matter to affect the settlement. 
The following is a memorandum of the 
terms upon which the strike terminated 
agreed to by the Messrs. Davis: 

1. We will take back Into our employ 
the following striking machinists, and re- 
instate them upon our pay roll at the 
same wa^es they were eretting when for- 
merly employed at these works, with the 
•xcepUon of J. F. Schoeberlin. who will 
be rated at 13.26 per day as a lathe man, 
and John W. Stanton, who will be rated 
at $3 per day as a lathe man, vis.: 

J. P. Schoeberlin. Ross Beynon, John 
W. Stanton, John Wenda, A. N. Pamall. 
W. W. Hoffman. J. V. O'Brien. R. F. 
Shank. F. A. Insley. John Smith, Thomaii 
Divett. These men to be reinstated with- 
in the next few days, and as to the other 
men who went out upon a strike Octo- 
ber 24, 1898, we will take bapk to work as 
we can. giving them the preference when* 
ever additional men are put to work. 

2. The minimum rate of wages for ma- 
chinists who are members of Donvrr 

Lodge No. 47, International Anociatlon of 
Machinists, shall be SO cents per hour, 
and overtime shall be paid for at <me 
and one-half time. 

3. Machinists' apprentices shall be one 
for every five machinists employed and 
one to the shop. 

4. The coremakers, who struck Decem- 
ber 18 in connection with the machinists, 
to be reinstated. 

S: It is understood that by reinstating 
these men upon our pay roll and putting 
them to work, the present strike of the 
Machinists' Union and Core liakers' 
UnioB be terminated and ended forth- 

After the adjustment of the trouble 
the committee was very courteously 
shown over the plant by Mr. Davis, 
who was evidently as well pleased as 
were the members of No. 47 that the 
trouble had been finally settled so amic- 

The Industrial Advocate of Denver in 
commenting upon the settlement of the 
strike said that, while it ¥ras expensive 
to the machinists, it was vastly more so 
to the Davis people, cannot be doubted. 
The machinists found many friends 
among the miners of the state, and it 
was among the latter that the Davis 
people found they had the most expen- 
sive enemies. The machinists ^11 con- 
tinue to look after and care for the boys 
who stood by them in their trouble. 

The Advocate congratulates the ma- 
chinists upon the successful ending of 
this fight, and also congratulates the 
Davis people upon the concessions the^ 
have made, concessions which, had they 
been made in the beginning, would have 
obviated the whole trouble. 

The Journal wishes to return thanks 
to the many friends who came to the 
as.^istancc of our brothers in Denver, 
and also congratulates the brothers on 
the 5iplendid fight they made and the 
tlignirictl manner in which they con- 
jhiolnl themselves during the hostili- 


A \\A of the stocks and bonds said to 
l»o nwncil by Mr. Rockefeller, the 
Stftiulniil Oil magnate, might be inter- 
r^llntf to the reavlers of the Journal, and 
U hnrwlih lubmitted: 

uigitized by 




standard OU Trust stock 160,000,000 

Standard Oil subsidiary com- 
panies 100.000.000 

Atcliison. Topeka & Santa ^e.... 1.000.000 

Northern Pacific bonds 15.000.000 

Chica^. Bfilwaukee & St. Paul 

bonds 5,000,000 

Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul 

stock 6,e26.000 

ChJcaflro, Rock Island & Pacific 

bonds 8,000,000 

Chicago, Burlington & Qulncy 

bonds 5.000,000 

Wisconsin Central bonds 4.000,000 

Pennsylvania R. R. stock 8,600.000 

Lake Shore & Michigan Southern 

bonds 8.000.000 

Chicago & Northwestern bonds.. 2,600,000 

Michigan Central bonds 2,600,000 

New York & Harlem stock 684,000 

Chesapeake & Ohio bonds 2,000,000 

Southern railway bonds 2,600.000 

Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago & 

St. Louis 2.600,000 

Nickle Plate bonds 2,000,000 

West Shore R. R. bonds 5,000.000 

Sugar trust (preferred stock).... 2.600.000 
Brooklyn Union Oas stocks and 

bonds 8,000,000 

ConsoUdated Oas. N. T 600.000 

Other interests In gas companies. 5.000.000 

Ohio Barbed Wire Co 10.000.000 

Industries allied directly with oil. 10.000.000 
Natural gas enterprises in Ohio.. 15,000.000 

Federal Steel Co 5.000.000 

Bituminous coal in Ohio 2.000.000 

Copper mines in Montana 1.000.000 

Lake Superior iron mines 16,000,000 

Vessels on lakes 8.000.000 

Real estate, Tarrytown 8.000.000 

Real estate. Buffalo 5.000.000 

Real estate. Columbus. 600.000 

Real estate, Chicago 2,000,000 

Real estate. New York 200,000 

Miscellaneous investments , 10,000,000 

ToUl 1319,000,000 

Income 120,000,000.00 

Monthly income 1,666,666.66 

Daily income (including Sunday) 65,666.55 

Hourly income 2,816.48 

Income per minute 88.40 

Income per second .64 

No one individual could amass a for- 
tune like this unaided; no one individ- 
ual could use it for himself legitimately. 
This vast wealth was given to Mr. 
Rockefeller by the people in their dis- 
interested generosity. When will you — 
the people — ^be generous to yourselves? 
When will you vote away the special 
privileges that make it oossible for the 
few to own all and the many to own 
nothing? When will you decree that 
the natural resources that are now held 
by individuals shall be owned by all the 
people? When will you vote yourself 

into decency and respectability? Will 
you wake up? 

Has the night been sad and dreary? 

See. the dawn Is near! 
Is your heart too sad and weary 

Sounds of peace to hear? 
Joy is thrilling In the echoes 

Which each happy bird awakes. 
All the hills are touched with promise— 

Lift your eyes! The morning breaks! 

The largest ship the world has ever 
seen was launched recently at the ship- 
building yard of Messrs. Harland and 
Wolflf, Belfast, Ireland. She is thir- 
teen feet six inches longer than Bru- 
nei's famous leviathan, the Great East- 
ern, which was launched in 1858. As 
for modern ships, the nearest approxi- 
mation to this new ship, the Oceanic, 
is the 648}^ feet of the North German 
Lloyd Transatlantic liner, the Kaiser 
Wilhelm der Grosse, and 622 feet of the 
Cunard liners, the Campania and Lu- 

The immense army of 5,000 workmen 
was engaged in fashioning this largest 
and most beautiful craft, one half work- 
ing by day and the other by night. 
Thirty thousand tons of material were 
used in her construction. Her length is 
705 ft. 6 in.; breadth, 68 ft; depth, 
49j^ ft.; gross tonnage, 17,040; displace- 
ment, 30,100 tons. 

Here is a comparison of the horse- 
power of some of the biggest ships. 


Launched, power. 

Great Eastern 1868 2.800 

Campania 1893 80.000 

Wilhelm der Grosse 1893 28,000 

The cruiser Powerful 1895 26.000 

The Oceanic 1899 46.000 

No less than $3,750.00 worth of Rus- 
sian tallow was used to grease the 
"ways." Two special iron mooring 
posts were put up for the purpose of 
bringing the vessel to in the water, each 
of them weighing over 100 tons. The 
cables to be used were 360 fathoms in 
length and 200 tons in weight. 

It used to be the custom in polite 
society where one gentleman wished to 
hint that another was prevaricating to 
do it in a nice, quiet, cutting manner: 

uigitizea oy vjiv_/v>'*:^L\^ 




That his facts were supplied by his 
imagination, or that he was totally un- 
acquainted with the antiigodes of false- 
hood, or some such crentle way of in- 
forming him that he wobbled consider- 
ably in his veracity. One never called 
the other a liar. It is different now. 

Eagan, the commissary-g^eneral of the 
United States army, felt called upon to 
make a few remarks about the major- 
general not commanding the said army, 
in which he was not at all sharp, gentle- 
manly or cutting — at least not more so 
than a club. He simply called him a 
liar. The next time his spirit moves 
him in the same direction he ought to 
take a few lessons from Representative 
Brosius of Pennsylvania. Mr. Brosius 
was accused by the correspondent of an 
Ohio newspaper of sleeping in his seat. 
Then Mr. Brosius waxed wroth and 

If he were born a beast he would be a 
panther; if he were bom a bird he would 
be a buisard ; If he were bom a reptile he 
would be a lixard, and if an insect he 
would be a bedbug. But, chancing to be 
bora a human, he is only a black-hearted 
and unmitigated liar. 

Compared with Eagan's style, this is 
poetry embellished with all the bright 
imagery of an ingenious imagination. 

If there is any truth in the newspaper 
reports that have come across the At- 
lantic lately, there is a chance of again 
witnessing a disastrous industrial war. 
The employers have formed a federa- 
tion for the express purpose of smash- 
ing the unions of the workmen and are 
prepared to spend vast sums for that 
purpose. As an instance showing how 
much money the employers stand ready 
to spend to win the contest, it can be 
stated that one firm alone has contrib- 
uted $175,000 to be used in parliamen- 
tary and propaganda work. 

The rules of the federation of em- 
ployers bind it to use every means in its 
power to protect the varied interests of 
British trade and manufacture at home 
and abroad by maintaining and de- 
fending absolute freedom of contract 
between employer and employed, and 

exercising the right of conducting and 
managing their individual businesses 
without interference from trade unions, 
either outside or inside the works. 

The federation guarantees to provide 
for any firm or firms engaged in a dis- 
pute with a bona-fide trade union the 
full average profits on a year's turn- 
over so long as the dispute lasts. The 
dispute must in all cases be one pro- 
claimed by a trade union, or, on the 
other hand, sanctioned by the federa- 
tion. The profits returnable to affected 
firm or firms will be based upon the 
average profits realized during the five 
years previous to the dispute. 

The federation reserves to itself the 
right to stop a dispute at any time by 
any settlement agreed upon by the dis- 
pute committee. But no firm or firms 
being engaged in a dispute must under 
any circumstances enter into negotia- 
tions with or acknowledge in any way 
negotiations from the trade unions un- 
der the penalty of instant dismissal 
from the federation. Negotiations and 
communications of all kinds must be 
undertaken by the federation only. 

The first move is to be made by the 
Central Association of the Master 
Builders, which has drawn up an ulti- 
matum to be presented to the members 
of the Plasterers* union throughout the 
United Kingdom. This ultimatum de- 
mands the official assurance that the 
eight objectionable practices shall cease 
forthwith. These are: 

First, the attempt to coerce foremen 
or superintendents into union member- 

Second, the limitation of apprentices. 

Third, the boycotting of certain firms, 
knowing that these adhere to rules pre- 
viously agreed upon between the em- 
ployers and the men. 

Fourth, the printing and circulating 
of the black list of employers for whom 
the plasterers are forbidden to work. 

Fifth, the refusal to work in a build- 
ing where some non-unionists are em- 

Sixth, the refusal to accept the deci- 

^ Google 

uigiiizea by ^ 



^^on of employers as to which workmen 
shall do certain work. 

Seventh, the practice of withdrawing 
all their members when such work is 
not placed in the hands of the plasterers. 

Eighth, the objection to submit trade 
disputes to a conference between the 
employers and the employed. 

The ultimatum adds that if these "ob- 
viously reasonable requirements are re- 
fused," it is intended to lock out all the 
members of the National Association of 
Plasterers at a given date. 

The plasterers will not accept these 
terms. If they are locked out other 
branches of the building trades would 
support them. These in turn would be 
locked out, and thus the strugis^le would 
quickly take on vast dimensions. So 
the chances are that a war will be in- 
augurated in a short time that promises 
to be the greatest industrial fight of the 

In the meantime the trade unions 
have replied to the challenge of the 
employers by sending representatives to 
a convention in Manchester who have 

organized a Central Federation of Trade 
Unions on nearly the same lines as the 
Employers* League, which starts off 
with a membership of 600,000. This 
movement, singularly enou^rh, was not 
without opposition, as some of the lead- 
ers were afraid that the autonomy of 
trades might be jeopardized, but the 
federationists won out by a handsome 

The influence of this federation will 
be felt in British *>olitics, for the work- 
ers there have of late years learned that 
concert of action in political matters 
is necessary. Under this new arrange- 
ment trade unionists will make their 
presence felt at the polls and act unit- 
edly where they formerly — perhaps un- 
wittingly — pursued divergent courses. 
They will take a hand co-operatively in 
directing the ship of state, and have a 
great deal to say. as to what the politics 
of the nation shall be of which they 
form so large a part. This is as it 
should be, and could be emulated with 
profit by the workers here in the United 


Think of it, laboring: man, 

Now, while you're youthful and strong. 
Think— yourself old if you can. 

How will yo^ then get along? 
If your taskmasters will give 

Now, but a dollar a day, > 

How will you manage to live 

When you are feeble and gray? 
Think of it! 

Think of It. laboring man, 

Now, while you're healthy and strong, 
Think— yourself sick, if you can. 

How will you then get along? 
If your scant wages will pay 

Now, barely living and rent. 
What will you do on the day 

When you're not earning a cent? 
Think of It! 

Think of it, laboring man. 

Dupe of the cunning and strong. 
Think— yourself wise, if you can. 

See why you don't get along! 
Look at your Idol— base gold! 

Look at his priests— baser rich! 
Look at yourself— young or old, 

Body and soul in the ditch! 
Think of It! 

Think of it, laboring man. 

Slave of the selfish and strong. 
Think— yourself free, and vote then 

So that you shall get along! 
Henceforth the wealth ye produce, 

Let your own treasury hold- 
Stored up for every man's use, 

"Whether well, sick, young or old! 
Think of It! 

—Simon Durst. 

Digitized by 


GUINALDO was born on 
the 22d day of March, 1869, at 
Cavite Viejo, and his educa- 
tion was such as the schools 
of the little country town 
were able to provide, and his 
life was spent in business to his twenty- 
fifth year, when he was elected mayor 
of Cavite. On the 20th of August, 

per, in Harper's Weekly, he gathered 
twenty of his friends around him and 
waited for the arrival of the warrant. 
On the 22d a captain of the civil guard 
and two sergeants appeared to arrest 
him, and were promptly killed. This 
started the revolution which has cul- 
minated in making him president of the 
Philippine republic. 


1896, the governor of the Province of 
Cavite reported to Manila that every- 
thing was quiet in Cavite, and no in 
surgents to be found anywhere, AruIu- 
aldo, on his way home on the day after, 
the 21 st of August, 1896, heard tliat a 
warrant had been issued for his own 
arrest on the charge of siding with thr 
insurrectionists. Instead of goiiitf 
home, according to Captain \V. .^, lUi 

.\ w liter in the American Review of 
Reviews ^jivcs a character sketch of 
AKuinuUlo which presents that leader of 
the Philippines in a somewhat diflfcrcnt 
li^lit trom that in which he is regarded 
l>y most .'Vmericans. The following is 
an a^^t^aol o\ the article in question: 

lo understand Av?uinaldo thoroughly 
one nuist ui\derstand the Philippines 
llu»u»Ukild>. To do this with existing 

uigiiizea by 




mformation is exceedingly difficult. It 
is, therefore, more difficult to make a 
correct and complete analysis of the 

In his features, face and skidl Agui- 
naldo looks more like a European than 
a Malay. He is what woidd be called 
a handsome man, and might be com- 
pared with many young men in the 
province of Andalusia, Spain. If there 
be truth in phrenology, he is a man 
above the common. 

The phrenologist would be borne out 
by the consensus of those who know 
him. Friends and enemies agree that 
he is intelligent, ambitious, far-sighted, 
brave, self-controlled, honest, moral, 
vindictive, and at times cruel. He pos- 
sesses the quality which friends call 
wisdom and enemies call craft. .Ac- 
cording to those who like him, he is 
courteous, polished, thoughtful and dig- 
nified; according to those who dislike 
him, he is insincere, pretentious, vain 
and arrogant. Both admit him to be 
genial, generous, self-sacrificing, pop- 
alar, and capable in the administration 
of affairs. 

Like all great men, he has had a very 
checkered career. He claims to have 
been born in the Province of Cavite, 
and at any rate it was in this province 
that he was first known as a little boy. 
His friends say that he was the son of a 
Spanish general; his enemies at Manila 
that he was the offspring of a dissolute 
but learned Jesuit. At the age of four 
he was a house-boy in the home of a 
Jesuit priest in Cavite. A house-boy in 
the Philippines, as in China, plays the 
part of a house-dog rather than that of 
a domestic servant. 

If the head of the house is cruel he is 
kicked and cuflFed by everybody and 
lives on short commons; if his master 
is kind and affectionate he enjoys about 
the same attention as one of the chil- 
dren of the family. Aguinaldo's master 
was a very kind man and took a deep 
interest in the welfare of his little pro- 
tege. He dressed him well, so much 
so as to excite the notice and even the 
wrath of some neighbors. More im- 
portant still, he gave the boy an educa- 
tion, which, though unequal to what 
every child receives in the United 
States, was a hundredfold better than 
what is bestowed upon the little Tagals 
in Luzon. 

About the year 1888 Aguinaldo had 

some trouble with the authorities and 
went to Hongkong, where he obtained 
his first knowledge of the great world 
outside the narrow Spanish civilization 
in which he had been brought up. He 
joined the crew of a Chinese warship 
which had some European instructors, 
managed to gain a wide knowledge of 
military and naval warfare, and read 
many works upon strategy. During the 
past year he surprised many new ac- 
quaintances by his knowledge of the 
famous battles of Europe and America. 

In the beginning of our trouble with 
Spain Aguinaldo showed remarkable 
foresight. He made contracts with ad- 
venturers to deliver arms in the Philip- 
pines, and he displayed extraordinary 
activity in personally visiting American 
naval officers, consular representatives, 
merchants, sea captains, and private cit- 
izens. He also called upon the leading 
English papers there and tried in every 
way to arouse sympathy for his people 
and his cause. In this work he dis- 
played a patriotism unmixed with self- 

The man's shrewdness is seen in the 
fact that, although he had the power, 
he did not have himself appointed pres- 
ident or dictator of either of the islands, 
the people, or Luzon itself. He was 
simply the president of the revolution- 
ary government, and the revolutionary 
government consisted of the command- 
ing officers of the revolutionar)r army. 
Practically he gave his army a civil and 
political phase and called it the govern- 
ment. He continued the tribal system 
in the provinces and villages, laid down 
a rough code of official etiquette, and 
closed the state paper with directions as 
to insignia of office. In this he pre- 
scribed for himself a collar of gold, a 
triangle batch of gold, a whistle of gold, 
and a cane with head and tasseis of 
gold. This barbaric style of ornamenta- 
tion may seem funny to the American 
reader, but it is very quiet when com- 
pared with some of the official court 
dresses abroad. A simple uniform 
would have but little meaning to an 
eastern mind. The addition of silver 
and gold, of collars, badges whistles, 
and tassels would satisfy the artistic or 
barbaric instinct. For this reason the 
proclamation may be regarded as well 
adapted to the existing circumstances, 
and to show Aguinaldo to possess a 
good knowledge of human nature. 

Digitized by 




N these days of trusts and 
consolidation, strikes, and 
cut-downs upon labor and 
railroads, it may be interest- 
ing to note what has and 
could be done to remedy 
these. We never hear of any strikes, 
cut-downs or labor troubles on the rail- 
roads of Australia, and why? Because 
the government owns and operates 
them for the benefit of all the people. 

In Australia you can ride a distance 
of 1,000 miles across the country for 
$6.50, first-class, too, while working- 
men can ride six miles for 2 cents, 
twelve miles for 4 cents, thirty miles for 
10 cents, etc., and workingmen receive 
25 to 30 per cent more wages for eight 
hours labor than are paid in this coun- 
try for ten hours. 

In Victoria, where the above rates 
prevail, the net income from the roads 
last year was sufficient to pay all the 
federal taxes. 

In Hungary, where the roads are 
owned by the states, you can ride six 
miles for i cent, and since the govern- 
ment bought the roads wages have 
doubled. Belgium tells the same story. 
Fares and freight have been cut down 
one-half and wages doubled. 

Yet the roads pay a yearly revenue to 
government of $4,000,000. 

In Germany you can ride four miles 
for I cent on the government-owned 
lines. Yet wages are 123 per cent 
higher than they were when the private 
corporations owned them, and during 
the last ten years the net profits have 
increased 41 per cent. Last year the 
roads paid the German government a 
net profit of $25,000,000. Workingmen, 
if you like such rates as these, vote for 

If our government owned the rail- 
roads we could go to San Francisco 
from Boston for $io. Look at the 

Uncle Sam pays the railroads not 
quite $275 to transport a loaded postal 
car from Boston to San Francisco. A 

passenger car will carry fifty passengers, 
which at $10 each would be $500, or a 
clear profit of $125 per car, and this too 
is after paying 5J4 per cent upon wa- 
tered stock, which is fully 10 per cent 
on the cost of the road. 

Railroads have grabbed from the peo- 
ple 281,000,000 acres of our best lands 
during the past thirty years, and mil- 
lions upon millions of dollars have been 
given to these same roads. They are 
capitalized at present at $10,000,000,000. 
they have cost not quite $4,000,000,000. 

To show how our railroads have 
watered their stock, I point to the N. Y. 
C. & H. R. R. R., which, when the 
Vanderbilts obtained control in 1869, 
was capitalized at $49,000,000. They at 
once watered it up to $90,000,000, and 
more *'water" has been added until at 
present the capital stock is $146,000,000 
and all but $45,000,000 is water. The 
Erie road cost but a trifle over $50,000- 
000. Its capital is $160,601,000, yet the 
people pay large dividends upon all 
those watered stocks. 

There is only one solution against 
these. mighty evils and that is govern- 
ment ownership, and to get that a re- 
form party will have to be placed in 
power at Washington. 

To illustrate how the railroads charge 
all the traffic will bear, I point to Flor- 
ida, where only last March a freight 
train from that sunny clime had, among 
other freight, three loaded cars of po- 
tatoes, cabbage and strawberries re- 
spectively, the charges for freight to 
New York on each car being as fol- 
lows: Potatoes, $50; cabbage, $55; 
strawberries, $1,080! The leaders of the 
two old parties are pledged to continue 
the present system, and as long as they 
can divide the labor vote they are safe. 

Vote together for your own interests, 
for the only party in this country that 
stands for the interests of the farmer 
and wage worker, the labor oarty. Join 
the industrial legion and help us to or- 

Government ownership would save 
the people the gigantic sum of $900,- 
900,000 a year, and bring an end to rail- 
road strikes and an eight hour work 

uigitized by 




day for the 700,000 railroad employes. 
Manchester, N. H., 1898. 


BY J08B O&OS. 

One of our most respectable weeklies, 
dedicated to the fine ladies of the land, 
telling them all about how to follow the 
progress of the age in relation to the 
fashions of the toilet, pitches in now and 
then to the common events of life. 
Sometimes you find there something 
useful, and very often something very 
foolish. In its issue January 28 of the 
present year that paper notifies us that 
this world of ours has always been well 
provided with reformers, but none of 
them have succeeded in changing the 
world's opinions by a single iota, those 
reformers being themselves ignorant of 
what was needed to be done, ignorant 
on the very subjects they pretended to 
know. On the next paragraph the 
same writer says: "The reformers of 
this world who have gained permanent 
results have not gone into the work 
after that manner." 

There we have a bright specimen of 
how the world talks and has always 
talked The world has always talked 
for the purpose of keeping the working 
masses in ignorance. Because who has 
always constituted the world? Not 
those whom we call the ignorant, but 
those whom we call the wise. And the 
latter have always used their pens and 
tongues with but one object in view, 
that of hiding truth. In the language of 
Christ, the world meant the greed and 
infatuation of clergymen,^ lawvers and 
Pharisees, the perverted ambitions of 
the ruling classes, the infernalisms of 
human law, the educational standards of 
those who seem to know everything and 
50 never need to reform themselves, 
never need to change their own 
thoughts or acts by a single iota, as we 
are informed by that respectable weekly 
that the world has always done. With 
one breath we are talked to death about 
that progress and that civilization which 
means constant changes for the better. 
On the next breath we are told that the 
world does ngt care for any reform, 
does not need it, can get along very 
nicely without the humbug of changes, 
of reforms and reformers. Then we are 
entertained with the fine contradiction 
that some reformers have done nothing 
and others have done considerable. It 
looks, then, after all, as if we needed 
some class of reformers, but we are 
kept in the dark about the kind we need, 
the kind that have attained success, the 
difference between the latter and those 

who did not know what they wanted. 

It stands to reason that as long as the 
race fails to attain perfection we shall 
have at least two kinds of reformers, 
the bottom and the incidental, the em- 
pirical and the scientific. It also stands 
to reason that as long as humanity re- 
mains more or less controlled by wealth 
and for wealth, and not yet by right- 
eousness for righteous purp9SC%-itiC!* ' 
dental reformers are apt to' lj<§ more 
successful than the bottom ones. Doc^ 
that speak well for humanity? We 
don't think it does. Of course that the 
bottom reformer never knows anjrthing 
in the estimation of those who don't 
want to give up the right of li^iiig -at 
the expense of the rest. We, the good 
fellows who rule the world and pocket 
the wealth of nations, we shall gladly 
assimilate this or that incidental re- 
form, when forced to it, because we can 
handle it in such a way as to make it 
useless, negative or insignificant in 
good results to the people at large, 
while we shall never accept a bottom re- 
form as long as our power for mischief 
is not destroyed root and branch by 
revolutionary movements, peaceful or 

otherwise, through ballots, or . 

Let somebody else fill up that blank. 
Humanity has to decide that. 

The question of incidental reforms 
is transcendent, because it is through 
them that we have kept humanity in 
its infancy of blunders ever since the 
first one in Eden, if Eden embodies 
anything more than a mere allegory. 
The writer has not an atom of respect 
for any reform which does not march 
straight toward the fundamental evil by 
which the many have forever been 
forced to live through tribute to the 
few. Not until society is completely 
clean from that deformity, not until then 
can we men claim to have accomplished 
anything. Nothing short of that ac- 
complishment is worthy of any respect, 
because we are subject to interminable 
delays or relapses as long as the object 
in question is not attained. 

Incidental reforms act like narcotics 
to the minds and souls of most of us. 
Any little relief from the troubles to 
which we had been accustomed brings 
relaxation of effort, illusory hopes, 
when the old hydra of monopoly slowly 
rises its head again and all past labors 
are virtually blotted over. The recon- 
struction job has to be then resumed as 
if it had never been commenced. The 
whole history of humanity teaches that. 

Look at the labor movement 'of Eng- 
land, the oldest and most intelligently 
conducted, in certain respects.^ The 
workers there are now discovering the 

uigiiizea oy ^ 




inutility of national strikes, no matter 
how extensive the area and numbers 
embraced and prolonged in time, no 
matter what the reserved funds may be 
of the labor associations engaged in 
battling against confederations of em- 
ployers. The plan is now to form inter- 
national combinations of workers. It 
has taken 50 or tfd years of dreadful 
struggles and expenses to group about 
1,000,000 workers in Great Britain 
against, say, 20,000 employers, the latter 
concentrated in possibly 200 trusts or 
something of the kind. How long will 
it take the same process over the other 
commercial nations in Europe and 
America? What next? It will be much 
easier for 2,000 trusts in Europe and 
America to consolidate themselves than 
for 20,000,000 of workers to do the same. 
Besides, by the time that the latter is 
accomplished we shall have learned how 
to produce all we need with one-half of 
the workers outside yet of the 20,000,000 
organized ones. We mean all we need 
for the few to live in plenty and for the 
workers to keep aliVe that we may need 
to keep at work. 

We must now remember that Asia 
with I5o,ooo,o(y> male adult workers is 
already being taken possession of by the 
large commercial concerns of the ad- 
vanced nations, advanced in the science 
of legalized plunder, advanced in mak- 
ing sin and crime look as white and 
pure as righteousness itself. And the 
African continent lies back of Asia. 
And we propose to civilize the whole 
earth, that is, to control the lands, the 
markets, the wages of the workers 
everywhere, through the armies and 
navies of our own advanced nations, 
and hence by means of our own home 
wage slaves. 

Con't you see how ludicrous it is to 
trust on any reform or expedient that 
implicitly at least accepts the wage sys- 
tem as part and parcel of civilization? 
Civilization with the wage system is 
nothing but refined barbarism, and as 
such more criminal than barbarism in 
crude forms. The latter does not inflict 
upon the millions the agonies that the 
former does inflict upon at least 80 per 
cent of the civilized races. 

The fact is that the working masses of 
our so-called advanced nations cannot 
expect to succeed in anything as long 
as they allow in their midst the constant 
growth of those two huge social mod- 
ern crimes. — ^wage slavery and militar- 
ism. You may clean and polish the 
national compact as much as you like 
in any conceivable direction, while leav- 
ing those two blots alive all your efforts 
will go for nothing. It is just like 

painting sepulchres with bright colors, 
or placing them in the center of col- 
umns, arches, obelisks, cupolas, sur- 
mounted by statues, pyramids, etc. 
What do they contain, such sepulchers? 
The same as the humblest cofnn buried 
under the sod. A handful of clay that 
was once part of the envelope inclosing 
a human soul. We cannot even assert 
which soul may stand higher in God's 
eyes between any two representing the 
two types of resting places we have 
mentioned in relation to the clay in- 

It is doubtful if men can conceive of 
a greater folly than that of powerful na- 
tions being improved in proportion as 
we interfere with the natural rights of 
weaker races, and so do our best to rob 
and degrade them, the workers there 
anyhow. We do that at home with our 
own workers, and the latter don't notice 
it, either. How can we do better with 
races which we dislike and they dislike 
us? It would not pay us to have any 
dealings with them if we could not rob 
them. That shall be the case as long as 
civilization is simply a scientific method 
by which the workers are made to work 
as hard as possible for 2 or 3 per cent 
in each nation to revel in the wealth 
produced by the rest, while most of the 
latter are about kept alive when we see 
fit to keep them at work. 

Up to one year ago nobody in our na- 
tion dared to assert that we could only 
improve, as an organized social group, 
by imitating the international robbing 
processes of European nations. To-da^ 
few dare to stand against our enthusi- 
asm in the job of playing the interna- 
tional rooster. The rank and file of the 
nation shall have to pay a heavy, price 
for that. We are mounting a new cal- 
vary. The result shall be more wealth 
for the few and more poverty for the 

But what else can we expect when the 
masses of the powerful nations openly 
or silently sanction the crime of terri- 
torial expansion and fail to fundament- 
ally attack their own home deformities? 
They repudiate their natural mission, 
that of improving the other nations 
through the power of good example 
at home. They imitate the old despots. 
They all were expansionists. They sim- 
ply did call it by the right name of con- 
quest. But what would be the use of 
our being civilized if we could not cheat 
our own conscience and hide our own 
sins under fine names? Never mind, 
God will catch us by the gradual level- 
ing down of wages all over the ^rth 
until the workers of powerful nations 
notice that they cannot trifle with God's 

uigiiizea oy '" 




truth and must stand for righteousness 
at home, for equal rights everywhere. 
Morristown, N. J., January 30, 1899. 


BY 01fI.T JOHlfSOIf. 

Apparitions have been an important 
element in the history of the world, and 
there are few people to whom some 
vision or voice has not come from the 
mystic sphere of spirits. Generally, no 
doubt, the apparition is a mere phantom 
of the imagination. Sir Walter Scott, 
after Lord Byron's death, passing one 
evening from his room into the hall, 
saw the dead poet with all his peculi- 
arities of dress and feature. On going 
closer to the apparition, however, he 
found that it was nothing more than the 
sCTecn on which were hung a number 
of coats, shawls and rugs. The explana- 
tions with which physiologists summar- 
ily dismiss the whole theory of appari- 
tions very aptly applies to this case. 
They say that all perception, whether of 
sights, sounds, smells, or tastes, is not 
peripheral but centric — that is to say 
that our organs are mere transmitters, 
and the brain alone experiences the sen- 
sation. Now, appropriate stimulation of 
the brain is capable of executing pre- 
cisely the same sensations as arise 
from external causes. And there are 
times when intense emotion, or tempo- 
rary illness, produces action of the 
brain; everything is upset and discord- 
ant; and the visual and aural centers 
vibrate, producing sensations of sight 
and sound. Being under the influence 
of the disturbing emotion we project 
those images into space and see them as 
real things or hear them as real sounds 
outside us. 

This theory really explains every- 
thing, from the rats and snakes of the 
dipsomaniac to the delightful visions of 
dying men. The annals of medicine 
teem with accounts of extraordinary ap- 
paritions. During the great fire at the 
Crystal Palace in 1866 it was rumored 
among the crowd who witnessed it that 
a chimpanzee had escaped from his 
cage. All eyes were directed to the 
roof, and there they saw the monkey 
struggling fearfully. But what they ac- 
tually saw was a torn blind blowing 
about in the wind. This was a case of 
expectant attention. 

Many great men have had the faculty 
of seeing visions, and even of conjur-. 
ing them up. Goethe, after visiting a 
picture gallery, could sit in his chair at 
home and call up each picture that im- 
pressed him, seeing clearly every detail 
of shade and color in it. But soon he 

found that the pictures were coming 
unbidden, and he had to cease to exer- 
cise his useful power. 

St. Paul, Mahomet, Buddha, Sweden- 
borg, Joan of Arc, Luther and Bun- 
yan all saw visions, and no doubt their 
great place in history is due in .a meas- 
ure to this fact; for nothing dominates 
a man's life more forcibly than visions 
in which he believes. Many invalids, 
most lunatics, and hysterical people 
have visions in multitudes. 

But perfectly healthy and sane men 
have also the most curious experiences 
in that way. A doctor, whenever he 
came home fatigued, saw a brip^ht li^ht 
at the dark end of his room, from which 
a tiny manikin emerged, danced, and 
gesticulated for a few minutes in a most 
amusing manner, and then disappeared. 
He was immediately followed Dy an- 
other and another, till dinner or a cup 
of tea put an end to the performance. 
Another medical man tells a still more 
extraordinary story. Whenever he went 
home tired he found his house crowded 
with men, women and children rushing 
up and downstairs, and in and out of 
the rooms, and though he could walk 
through them without feeling anything, 
he found it difficult to convince himself 
they were only phantoms. 

A gentleman, very fond of music and 
a great attendant at operas and con- 
certs, tells of an exceedingly pleasing 
apparition which visited him one night, 
and came frequently afterwards at inter- 
vals of a few days. He was awakened 
by the sound of music in the street, and 
arose with the intention of asking the 
serenadors to move on. On looking out 
of the window he could see nothing, so 
he sensibly went to bed again. Just as 
he was about to lie down, however, he 
perceived three men, in evening dress, 
standing at the foot of the bed. They 
were humming and tuning a couple of 
violins. Much surprised, the gentleman 
rang the bell, and, when the servant ap- 
peared, said: 

"John, put those men out of the 

"There is nobody here, sir," replied 

"What!" exclaimed the gentleman. 
"Move those chairs." 

When the chairs were moved the fig- 
ures stepped aside. By this time the 
gentleman was satisfied that he was suf- 
fering from a hallucination, and told the 
servant to go. Immediately afterwards 
the figures commenced to play and sing 
selections from Beethoven and Mozart, 
and for ninety minutes by the clock 
they gave a free and first-class perform- 

Digitized by 




Very awkward was the condition of a 
certain publican to whom apparitions 
came after he had suffered from typhoid 
fever. The first appeared one day when 
he drew some beer in the cellar for a 
girl. On handing her the can, he asked 
her to pick up the oysters she had 
dropped. She laughed, thinking him 
drunk, and ran away. He then tried to 
pick them up himself but could find 
none. After that, people seemed contin- 
ually to be coming into ' the bar and 
dropping oysters. And as he could 
never distinguish real from phantom 
customers, he was kept pretty busy 
serving glasses of beer to his appari- 

A rather amusing case was that of an 
old lady to whom parties of friends 
would frequently come. She would 
apologize for not being able to hear 
them speak, would ring for the card- 
table or for tea, and only discover the 
deception when the servant laughed. 

Another funny case was that of a 
London business man who suffered the 
greatest embarrassment when traveling. 
Whenever he looked into a train or 
omnibus they invariably seemed full of 
passengers, no matter how few were 
really inside. 

Dr. Brewster tells of a horrible ap- 
parition, which nearly drove a patient of 
his mad. She was a lady of fashion, 
who, when she went to dress, always 
saw in the mirror a skeleton looking 
over her shoulder. And the same au- 
thor mentions the case of a medical 
man who found at every patient's door 
a diminutive old gentleman in black 
bowing to him. Of course these appar- 
itions make social intercourse awkward 
at times. A lady, for instance, when- 
ever she suffered from gastric attack, 
found herself accomnanied everywhere 
by a female figure. Going in a door, 
the figure went first, and she felt obliged 
to draw aside; sometimes it met her 
face to face in the street and brought 
her to a dead stop; and frequently, on 
going to sit down to dinner, she found 
the figure in her chair. 

Here is a really terrifying description 
of an apparition that appeared to a lady 
who was always accompanied in her 
walks by her double. 

•'I went to bed early, leaving the door 
open, as I expected my mother. Soon 
I saw my mother walk slowly into the 
room, and stop at the foot of the bed. 
'Well/ I said. There was no answer, 
but she moved forward a couple of 
steps. 'What is the matter?' I asked. 
Still no answer. Thoroughly frightened 
I sat up in bed crying, 'Why don't you 
speak to me?' She turned, almost 

touching my arm^ and the light 
from the hall shining on her face, 
I saw that she was an entire 
stranger, with very dark hair, and a 
pale and young, but very sad face. As 
the thought passed through me, 'Can 
she be a friend of my sister's nurse?' 
she fell to the floor. I instantly sprang 
out of bed, and, to my horror, there was 
nothing to be seen." 

Sometimes there is a certain basis for 
the visions. A hysterical girl refused to 
walk in the garden in the dusk or dark- 
ness because she saw a bluish light ris- 
ing from the ground. The ground was 
finally opened up and a corpse was 
found buried there. No doubt, it had 
given off an inflammable gas — as dead 
animals all do — which burned too faintly 
for most people to see. 

Sometimes, too, prophetic visions 
come to many of us which no amount of 
physiological explanation will convince 
us are mere irritation of the brain. 
Lord Brougham, for instance, had an 
intimate friend who went to India, and 
for four years no communication passed 
between them. One dav Lord Broug- 
ham was having a hot bath when he 
suddenly perceived his friend sitting on 
the chair some few feet away. He 
knew it was a vision, but noted the fact 
that the day was December 19th. 
Shortly afterward he heard of his 
friend's death, which took place on De- 
cember 19th. This is only one of thous- 
ands of similar cases, and it seems al- 
most impossible that they can all be 
mere coincidences, as the scientists say. 

Racine, Wis., February 12, 1899. 



[Citizen and Country, Toronto, Can.] 
The first London County Council en- 
acted what John Burns calls, "the 
Magna Charta of labor." The chief 
items of the charter were: (i) That all 
workmen employed by the council it- 
self or by contractors doing work for 
the council shall be paid the rate of 
wages and work the number of hours 
recognized and in practice obtained bjr 
the trade unions concerned; (2) that 
unskilled workmen engaged by the 
council shall receive a minimum wage 
of 6d. (12 cents) per hour. The second 
clause binds the council to pay a rather 
higher rate than even good outside em- 
ployers pay, and was deliberately fixed 
as the "moral minimum" below which 
it is impossible for a man to live de- 
cently atid maintain his industrial effi- 
ciency in London. The first clause 
simply put the council in line with the 

uigiiizea by 


machinist:^^ monthly journal. 


common average of decent employers. 
The trade union rate of wages is, in 
every organized trade, a well under- 
stood expression, denoting the actual 
rate which has been agreed to, more or 
less explicitly, by representative em- 
ployers and the trade union executives. 
In the whole of the building trades, for 
instance, which include seven-eighths of 
the work done for the council, the trade 
union rate has been solemnly agreed to 
in a formal treaty between the London 
building trades federation and the Lon- 
don Master Builders' Association. 

The contractor who had fattened on 
the princely prices and "glorious free- 
dom ' allowed by the corrupt predeces- 
sor of the council, soon snowed a 
marked antipathy towards this re- 
forming body that dared to dictate the 
conditions upon which its own work 
should be performed. Competition did 
not keep the tenders down to the low- 
est possible amount. The council be- 
gan to suspect that the contractors 
were in league to take jobs in turn in- 
stead of bidding ag^ainst each other. 

The first hint came from the service 
of cleaning and watering the bridges 
over the Thames. The lowest "ten- 
der" of the contractors for d6ing this 
work always came out at 4s 7J?d to 
4s loj/^d, ($1.12 to $1.17) per square 
yard of surface per annum, whereas 
the bridge committee thought it could 
be done for considerably less by its 
own staff. With the unanimous con- 
sent of the council the experiment was 
tried, and a saving of 33 per cent has 
Mnce been eflFected. No member of the 
council has so much as proposed that 
they should go back to the old system. 

The next warning came from a build- 
ing job. A small schoolhouse was to 
be erected at the council's great drain- 
age outfall. The architect s estimate 
was £1,800 and tenders were invited 
in due course. Only three firms com- 
peted and the lowest tender was actu- 
ally £500, or 28 per cent above the 
architect's estimate. The main drain- 
age committee felt that the contractors 
were trying to bleed the council. It 
asked leave to build the house with its 
own workmen, and the case was so 
dear that not a single voice was raised 
in the council against the proposal. 
Finally, the total cost turned out to be 
£536 below the "lowest tender." 

But the case which has become clas- 
sic, and which finally convinced three 
out of every four members of the coun- 
cil of the desirability of executing 
their own work, was an engineering 
job, the York road sewer. After the 
usual advertisements, only two ten- 

ders were sent in, one for £11,588 and 
the other for £11,608, or no less than 
65 per cent above the engineer's esti- 
mate of £7,000. This was too flagrant 
and impudent for endurance, and soon 
the York road sewer became famous. 
The council determined to do the work 
itself, not a single voice being raised 
against the resolution, with the result 
that the work cost about what the engi- 
neer had calculated, and a net saving of 
£4,477 was made, as compared with the 
lowest tender. 

This remarkable result naturally cre- 
ated alarm and confusion in the con- 
tracting world, and attempts were made 
to impugn the engineer s figures. In 
his crushing reply he pointed out that 
the contractors had reckoned out their 
tenders at absurdly high prices in near- 
ly every detail. It seems probable that 
there was a general understanding 
among leading contractors not to com- 
pete with one another for this job, in 
order, by standing aloof, to induce the 
council to abandon its fair wages cause. 
The council preferred to abandon the 

The outcome was the establishment 
in the spring of 1893 of a works de- 
partment to execute works re<^uircd by 
the other committees in precisely the 
same manner as a contractor. The 
works department stands as the other 
committees of the council exactly in 
the same relation as if it were an in- 
dependent contractor.* When a com- 
mittee has any work to execute the 
council's architect and engineer prepare 
the plans to make an estimate, without 
any reference to the works department. 
Then the council decides whether the 
work shall be done with or without a 
contractor. Sometimes it decides to 
put the work up to tender, a course 
which enables it to see whether the esti- 
mates of the architect and engineer are 
trustworthy guides. The works depart- 
ment may say that it is not prepared to 
do the work, either because it is not 
satisfied with the estimates and specifi- 
cations, or because it has no conveni- 
ence for doing work of that particular 
sort. In that case the job is put up to 
tender and done by a contractor. 

The accounts of the works department 
are kept distinct from those of other de- 
partments of the council. The finance 
committee sees that it is debited with 
the interest and sinking fund on all the 
capital it uses; that full allowance is 
made to cover depreciation and renew- 
als; that a complete stock-taking is 
regularly carried out by independent 
officers; and that all outgoing and 
maintenance charges are properly 

uigitizea oy ■" 





spread over the various works done. 
The accounts are elaborately checked 
by the council's controller, as well as 
by the auditor of the local government 
board (a department of the central gov- 

The workmen employed are engaged 
for each job by the responsible foreman, 
exactly as contractor's men are en- 
gaged, under the general supervision of 
the manager. The members of the com- 
mittee which control the work have al- 
ways had absolutely nothing to do with 
the choice of men. "There is no foun- 
dation for the rumor/* even the enemies 
of the department now admit, "that 
members of the committee procured the 
appointment of their relatives on the 
works." The council has steadily set 
face against individual councillors even 
recommending men for employment. 
The rate of wages, hours of labor, and 
other conditions of employment are 
absolutely fixed by the council itself, 
as precisely those, neither more or less, 
formally agreed to by the London Mas- 
ter Builders' Association and the Lon- 
don Building Trades Federation and 
adopted by nearly every respectable 
builder in London. 

Even its worst enemies are compel- 
led to admit that the building done by 
the county council for itself could not 
possibly be surpassed. Under the con- 
tractor, scamping and jerry work are 
always present. It costs nearly as 
much to supervise him as to supervise 
the work direct. His profits depend 
partly upon getting inferior material 
and hurried workmanship passed by the 
clerk of works. Thousands of pounds 
have been spent by the London school 
board in rectifying blunders and dis- 
honest work done by its early contrac- 
tors. But a public works department 
is under no such temptation. Material 
and workmanship under it are both of 
the best. Some progressives are of 
opinion that the quality of the work 
in London is quixotic in its beauty and 
thoroughness. Workmen's dwellings, 
for instance, have been put up which 
will endure at least 150 years, and prob- 
ably 200 years. Long before that time, 
at the present progress, a new method 
of scattering the population over wide 
areas will be adopted, and workmen will 
rightly refuse to live in tenement 
houses near the center of the city, no 
matter how well they are built, nor 
how good the sanitation. But the gain 
on fire stations, sewers^ asylums and 
parks within the next fifty years can- 
not fail to be large. Of reconstruction 
there will be none and of repairs very 

few. Time will more and more testify 
to the economy of good quality. 

All this is accomplished without nib- 
bling at wages or overdriving the work- 
men. At first there was inevitably a 
little trouble with some artisans who 
thought the council service was to be 
dreamland of rest. But the whole 
council, with the energetic assistance 
of the labor members, quickly dispelled 
that illusion. To unskilled laborers, a 
minimum wage is paid which is slig:htly 
higher than the market rate; to skilled 
artisans the trade union rate is given 
and the trade union conditions are ob- 
served. From all is expected as hearty 
and efficient service as a private em- 
ployer would demand. On dangerous 
work, such as the boring of the Black- 
well tunnel, the council takes expensive 
f>recautions for the saving of life and 
imb and awards accident allowances 
beyond the custom even of good em- 
ployers. Its permanent ofncials arc 
well paid and have liberal holidays; 
foremen, managers, councillors, and 
ratepayers — all have reason to be satis- 
fied with the undertaking. 

In Birmingham, Liverpool and Man- 
chester the example of London has 
been followed with equally satisfactory 
results. The superiority of direct mu- 
nicipal employment, under salaried su- 
pervision, to the system of letting out 
works to contractors has in fact been 
slowly borne in on the best municipal 
authorities all over the country by their 
own administrative experience quite ir- 
respective of social or political tneories. 

London, England, iS^. 



At the recent American Federation of 
Labor convention in Kansas City, the 
socialist resolution was defeated, 4 to i. 
This is not surprising, and it is not to 
be supposed that socialism has received 
a severe defeat. It was not in reality 
socialism that the trade unionists ob- 
jected to, but the unwise tactics of too 
many socialists. 

It is an unpleasant fact that the pio- 
neer socialists among the trade union- 
ists were of such a type as to prejudice 
others against the principles they fought 
for. They were men who too often 
used slander and abuse as their wea- 
pons, and in their desire to form a po- 
litical party they forgot the value of 
trades unionism. Many of these men 
were so swept off their feet by revolu- 
tionary zeal that they began to look 

Digitized by 




npoo labor unions as utterly useless and 
even positively harmful. I have heard 
some of them declare that it was the 
duty of every socialist wage-worker to 
take the places of strikers, and thus 
break up the unions. A little crowd of 
these fanatics in New York actually or- 
ganized a unionism of their own, with 
the avowed object of fighting the 
American Federation of Labor. 

It is no wonder that such wild and 
woolly tactics created a prejudice 
against socialism in the minds of trades 
unionists. It is no wonder that the^ 
often preferred to follow even corrupt 
and ignorant leaders, sooner than to 
reorganize their union into a ward club, 
and be ruled by a few turbulent extrem- 
ists. Socialism was represented to 
them as a dangerous political experi- 
ment, as the impracticable fad of a 
handful of disturbers, as a disintegrating 
force that should be repressed by sensi- 
ble and loyal unionists. Labor veter- 
ans, who had spent a lifetime in organ- 
izing and solidifying the ranks of the 
workers, and in battling for practical re- 
forms, naturally felt suspicious of men 
who failed to appreciate what has been 
done, and who sought by some *Tresto, 
change!" method to reconstruct the 
whole industrial system. This is why 
socialism has not made more headway 
in the trades unions. 

During the past six years, I have 
been constantly addressing labor or- 
ganizations, and I have never found one 
yet which did not agree with the prin- 
ciples of socialism, when clearly and 
simply explained. The two ablest op- 
ponents of the resolution at the late 
convention, Harry Lloyd and Geo. E. 
McNeil, are both believers in socialism, 
and have rendered the cause much ser- 
vice, in Boston and elsewhere. Bqt 
their fidelity to trades unionism has 
made them both the object of malicious 
abuse from the few hotheaded Marx- 
ists whose whole endeavor seems to be 
to make socialism as unpoplar as pos- 

The doctrine of The Comuig Nation 
is that there is no need for any conflict 
between socialism and trades unionism. 
The one is the flower and the other is 
the bud. The grrand work which trades 
unionism has done for wage-workers 
can never be computed. It has given 
the workers a sense of solidarity and 
manliness, and a desire for justice and 
equality. Without all that trades union- 
ism has done in the last twenty-five 
years the workers would be a rabble of 
submissive slaves, resenting nothing 
and accepting whatever the employers 
condescended to give. Trades union- 

ism, with all its shortcomings, has done 
more to elevate the character and 
strengthen the will of American wage- 
workers than any other one thing. 

Nothing can be more heroic than the 
motive of a sympathetic strike, where 
men voluntarily go out on the street to 
face poverty and starvation, to help 
other workers whom they do not know, 
and perhaps have never seen. Trades 
unionism has been the greatest check to 
the lowering of wages. It has reduced 
the hours of labor. It has secured 
much legislation favorable to the work- 
ers. It has caused thousands of work- 
ingmen to study industrial conditions. 
It has taught the money-kings that la- 
borers are not chattels, but men. 

All this is good, but it is not all. It 
is not justice. It is not democracy. It 
is not industrial brotherhood. Trades 
unionism fights for the best possible 
conditions under the competitive sys- 
tem, and socialism fights for a new co- 
operative system. Suppose a score of 
sailors were cast adrift on a raft, their 
vessel having been broken up by a 
storm. Far off on the horizon they see 
the blue outlines of their native land. 
Ten of the sailors advise paddling at 
once for the shore, without pausing for 
a moment to tie up their wounds, or 
care for their sick, or feed their hun- 
gry. The other ten advise making the 
raft as secure and comfortable as pos- 
sible, and allowing it to drift shoreward 
with the wind. They would be both 
half right and half wrong. The wisest 
policy would be to first make the raft as 
safe and pleasant as possible and to pro- 
vide for the sick, and then to paddle 
with all their energy towards the land. 

Socialism, which means that business 
shall be carried on for the benefit of the 
workers, and not for the profit of the 
capitalists, is the shore which we must 
reach, if we desire to perpetuate this re- 
public. It is the natural and logical 
end of every Trade Union argument. 
Unionism says: "Give us a fair day's 
wage;" and socialism replies, "Yes, let 
every man have what he earns.** Union- 
ism says: "Give us a shorter work- 
day;'* and socialism replies, "Yes, let 
the public ownership of inventions lift 
the burden from labor's back." Union- 
ism says: "Organize and defend your 
rights;" and socialism replies, "Yes, but 
make social organization complete, and 
never stop Jnort of equality of oppor- 
tunities." Unionism says: "Give us 
better conditions,*' and socialism re- 
plies: "Yes, nothing that labor has 
made is too good for labor to possess." 

Trade unionists so far have had good 
reason to misunderstand socialism, but 

uigitizea oy "^JV^v/pr^Lv! 



they are seeing it in a more favorable 
light every year. The three socialist 
champions, whose eloquence and per- 
suasiveness so impressed the convention 
— ^James Carey, Max Hayes and John 
Tobin — are of a higher type than the 
socialists who have hitherto been to the 
front. They are broad-minded, states- 
manlike men, who do not believe either 
in sacrificing the future to the present, 
or the present to the future. They re- 
gard socialism as ultimate trades union- 
ism — as the inevitable outcome of the 
present industrial system. The manu- 
facture of such a brand of socialists will 
soon clear up all past misunderstand- 
ings and unify and encourage the whole 
army of wage-workers as they battle 
their way towards a higher and nobler 
Ruskin, Tenn. 



To reduce the working time to eight 
hours a day has been for several decades 
one of the main demands of organized 
labor throughout the civilized world. 
This demand is the most reasonable, the 
most necessary, because it is a demand 
on the realization of which depends the 
general welfare of the people. 

Various arguments have been put 
forth to justify this demand. The ever- 
increasing productive power of labor- 
saving machinery in all branches of in- 
dustry, the new inventions and the dis- 
covery of new motive forces whereby 
ten men can produce as much as an 
hundred men could in former times, and 
the displacement of hjiman labor force 
by this new system of production, make 
the reduction in the hours of labor ur- 
gently necessary. 

To-day thousands, millions of men 
get out of work and their last chance to 
earn a living by the sweat of their brow 
is taken away from them. 

Brother machinist, undoubtedly you 
have heard, or read in some capitalist 
newspaper or book, the old story that 
the socialists are the enemies of the 
family life; that these socialist cranks 
attempt to destroy all those delicate and 
sacred relations that bind parents to 
children, children to parents, brothers 
to sisters and sifters to brothors. 
Whether you believed this to be true or 
not. I don't know. \\ ati^* rale I nui^t 
tell you that you have been niisintormed 
and deceived by tho^e who ciunilvito 
such stories. 

Capitalism, not socialism, i* retponvi 
ble for the long hours oi labor. I'utloi 
our present capitalist system ol pioduc 
tion men arc forced out of work, lourd 

into idleness, poverty, trampism and 
starvation. Under capitalism the fam- 
ily life is destroyed — ^thousands of fami- 
lies are broken up daily by the wolf of 
hunger and despair. Under capitalism 
the poor mother is compelled to work 
in factories and sweatshops for a mere 
pittance, leaving her hungry children at 
home. Under capitalism children, in- 
stead of attending school, are driven to 
Mr. Businessman's slave pen. Neither 
husband nor wife, neither father nor 
mother nor child, have to-day any 
chance to enjoy the good olden time 
family life. Just look around and see 
how the wageworker's family life is be- 
ing destroyed under the iron rule of 
modern wage slavery. 

To this organized labor objects. The 
organized toilers demand shorter hours 
of labor. 

One main argument in favor of the 
eight hour workday is very often lost 
sight of by our friends, namely, the fact 
that shorter hours of labor will lengthen 
the life of the laboring man, strengthen 
his general physical and mental health 
and secure and increase his general wel- 

The eight hour workday protects our 

It is shown by statistical figures that 
the average age of the wageworker is 
about thirty-two years. It is also shown 
that certain diseases like consumption, 
kidney troubles, etc., are most numer- 
ous in the ranks of the wageworking 


In 1869 the German government put 
up a prize for the best essay on the 

Which are the causes of the rapidly 
increasing number of cases of consump- 
tion among the working class? Many 
prominent physicians were ready to an- 
swer the question. Prof. Rudolf Vir- 
chow wrote as follows: 

"The average wageworker is not in 
the condition to take good care for his 
own physical health. He has neither 
the time nor the means to do what his 
physical welfare woffld require. After 
working twelve or thirteen hours in the 
factory he comes home, washes his body 
in a very superficial way, takes his 
scanty supper, and if he is of the more 
iiuclli^ent class of workmen, he peruses 
his labor ]>aper — and within a few min- 
utes ho falls asleep! The next morning, 
while his limbs are still stiff and tired, 
he ^ots up. takes his "breakfast*' and 
hnnies to the same old workshop that 
is poJNonod with dust and foul air." 

.\nd >i>u call this life I How can such 
a man be healthy? His very life is a 

uigiiizea by 




source of consumption! Poor food, 
want of proper means of keeping his 
body clean, hard work in a poisoned at- 
mosphere — is it any wonder when con- 
sumption and other proletarian diseases 
select him for a dead-sure victim? 

To-day the very life is forced out of 
the wageworker. He is being squeezed 
like a lemon and the peel thrown on the 
street! The statement of Prof. Virchow 
was reiterated by many other prominent 

If the hours of labor were shortened 
in the same ratio as labor-saving ma- 
chinery is imj)roved, the orphans and 
widows would not need to look for 
work in the factories and sweatshops, 
ever sure to share the same fate as their 
former supporters, their husbands, fa- 
thers and brothers. Thousands of chil- 
dren would be saved from ruin! 

Brothers, the reduction of the work- 
day is one of the noblest and most nec- 
essary demands for the interest and wel- 
fare of the working class — and I may 
add. for the welfare of humanity. 

St. Louis, Mo., January 5, 1899. 



The war, thank God, is over, but the 
battle of life still goes on. In this un- 
ending, ceaseless struggle you and I and 
every one must engage. There is no 
need to call for volunteers, for it is a 
battle universal, in which every one, 
whether he will or not, must enlist. A 
power higher than all earthly rulers has 
signed the draft calling us. To attempt 
to disobey His summons means certain 
defeat; to yield submissively to the will 
and wisdom of His just and righteous 
commands means certain victory. 

It matters not what be the rank, nor 
what the station to which we have at- 
tained in life — whether the wealth of 
Croesus be ours, or whether we stand 
high in the council of nations; it mat- 
ters not whether honor and glory have 
been our portion, or whether we have 
been crowned with a wealth of wisdom 
and knowledge such as the mythic Mi- 
nerva is said to have possessed, wher- 
ever we stand, and whatever dignity be 
ours, these are not proof agamst the 
hardships and the struggles, the disap- 
pointments and vicissitudes which with 
fell hand at some time or other strike at 
the lives of each and every one of us 
that tenants this globe. Rich and poor, 
high and low, educated and uneducated, 
all, all alike are drawn up on the battle- 
field, where, if shot and shell do not 
sizz, weapons that whelm are used 

against us, forged in the smithy of our 
own or that of another's making. 

There is no talisman — this we have 
again seen — that guards the homes of 
kings and princes to the exclusion of 
the simple cot of the poor peasant 

Mighty potentates are not immune 
against the ravages of time. They, too, 
must struggle, they, too, fight, and from 
the battlefield carry away many a scar 
and many a wound. 

Misfortune is not the peculiar her- 
itage of the poor. Let none say that 
the poor have a monopoly of the dis- 
agreeable things in life. The world is a 
vast battleground, on which one must 
do their own fighting, and fortune may 
seem to be a frisky goddess, and at 
times parcel out her gifts to those un- 
deserving; but look and observe closely 
and you will learn that she has meted 
out with justice her allotments to man. 

"It is we who make life what it is." 
We are the masters, if not the creators, 
of our own fortunes, and we have our- 
selves to blame, and none others. True, 
we are born into circumstances, and cir- 
cumstances are thrust upon u^ fi*om 
without, which either help or hfnder the 
progress of our life's growth, but we 
can rise superior to the circumstances; 
we can put them under our feet; we can 
force them to capitulate, to raise their 
white flag of truce, and thus we our- 
selves can unfurl the banner of victory. 

If in the end, or during our lifetime, 
we have been forced to write the fatal 
Mene, Mene, Tekel, Upharsin across 
our lives, we have been weighed in the 
balance and found wanting, we should 
look to see what weapons we have used, 
whether we have steeled ourselves for 
the fray, whether we have put our con- 
fidence in vain, fleeting things of life. 

Questions of this nature should press 
themselves at this hour as we stand on 
the brink of the incoming of a new 

If life has been a battlefield in which 
*there has been pitched encounters, in 
consequence of which our heart's blood 
has been poured out in sorrow and in 
grief — this hour comes to us in earnest 
appeal, bids us to question ourselves, 
bids us probe our inner natures to learn 
how much of the disappointments is 
chargeable to ourselves. Oh! we know 
well that there are pertain forces in life 
over which we have no control. We 
know that finite man can never fully 
explain to the satisfaction of all the 
problem of evil. But there are things 
we can explain, and which are respon- 
sible for much of the unceasing but un- 
necessary struggle to which he subjects 
himself or is subject to by others. Yes, 

uigitizea oy vjv^v^'pr^LV.' 



we ourselves contribute a major portion 
of the munitions of war in the fierce 
combat that is constantly on. We rush 
into the skirmish to satisfy our own de- 
sires. Ambition is the arsenal from 
which we draw our life destroying arms. 

On we rush in the mad chase, heed- 
less of our own honor, heedless of those 
whom we crush beneath the iron wheels 
of our own jugfirernaut. What care we 
for honor, what care we for the well- 
being of others? We are interested in 
the one thing; we are interested in our- 
selves; we are interested in coming out 
first best, honor or no honor, integrity 
or no integrity. In this wild scramble 
for first place we forget all else. We 
forget that we are turning life into a 
treadmill existence, both for ourselves 
and others. Our ambitions must be 
met. We must bring the desired trophy 
home into our camp to grace in trium- 
phal procession our wonderful acnieve- 

Cardinal Wolsey once counselled 
Cromwell: "Cromwell, I charge thee 
fling away ambition: by that sin fell the 
angels. How then can man — ^the image 
of His Maker — hope to win by it?" 

Nay, ambition is needed. It is needed 
as a goal to spur the human race on to 
higher altitudes of progress and devel- 
opment. It is not ambition held under 
the dominance of reason that we would 
bid you shun, but that vaulting ambi- 
tion which overleaps itself and is re- 
sponsible for the majority of wrongs 
that destroy the well-being of the indi- 
vidual as well as that of society. It 
makes of life a battlefield. It has its 
sword constantly drawn, ready to strike 
down others; it gives us no rest. It 
recognizes no law, puts out the light of 
duty and sells its honor and integrity. 
And destroys every higher impulse and 
every finer sentiment of the heart. We 
associate it with all the wars that have 
deluged the earth. The conquerors of 
the world have had it as their compan- 
ion, and it was Alexander the Great 
who sighed because he had no more 
worlds to conquer, and Spanish butch- 
ery, acting under the goad of ambition, 
forced our country into its recent war 
of humanity. Talk about the solidarity 
of the human race! It exists in name 
only. But what about the reality? 
Facts speak, and deeds talk. We look 
in vain for that humanitarian spirit of 
the age of which we speak so much. 

Every one for himself; the devil take 

the hindmost. That is the spirit that is 
still dominant to-day. Enemies make 
life a battlefield for enemies, and friends 
make life a battlefield for friends; we 
crush under our heels all those who dare 
to obtrude our onward march. Who 
has not heard of friend turning against 
friend in the time of need, and making 
exactions from him as though he never 
met him, and all to satisfy his longings 
for wealth? Not yet have we learned 
that we are our brother's keeper. Not 
yet have we learned that one man is no 
man,, and that we are all dependent one 
upon the other. Not yet have we 
learned that if: 

Each to each be what he can, 
A very god is man to man. 

And because we have not learned this, 
because we think that we are alone in 
the world and that it was created for us 
alone, there is still so much strife. 

It would be the easiest thing in the 
world to convert this earth into a para- 
dise for the individuals that inherit it 
were the separate individuals to under- 
stand that in the welfare of the world 
their own welfare is wrapped up; 
that their happiness in a measure 
is seeing that others are happy. 
But as long as each one desires 
to appropriate the world for him- 
self and fence it in, so long con- 
tentment will not reign supreme, and 
the earth is being converted into pande- 
monium instead of a paradise. As long 
as grasping man grinds down his fel- 
low man, as long as evil intentioned in- 
dividuals unjustly persecute and oppress 
suffering innocence, as long as justice 
goes limping through the land and hon- 
est and true men arc branded as crimi- 
nals and forced to lead out a dreary and 
forsaken existence — I say, until man 
comes to learn the principle of interde- 
pendence, man upon man, and live it, 
making duty and co-operation sacra- 
, mental words in our lives — wariare. 
struggle, disappointment with men and 
the world are bound to continue. These 
are the things that help to make life so 
dreary and distressing. 

Ours should be the purpose to stand 
firm and erect. Arm yourselves, ye 
men, with the weapons of love, of jus- 
tice, of righteousness and truth. 

Live now that those who may come 
after you may live. Seek peace and 
pursue it. 

Haltimore. Md., January s, 1899. 

Digitized by 



They cluster at every comer; 

They wearily pace the land; 
Their starvlnff eyes devour each loaf; 

They stretch the beipglng hand. 

They are hungry and sick and tired; 

Their bleeding footsteps lag; 
My brothers!— and none to help them! 

Their nakedness mocked with a rag! 

They bake, but others have eaten; 

They bum. but others are warm; 
They build, but their heads, unsheltered, 

Are bare to the pitiless storm. 

They till, but the crop goes from them; 

They reap, but "The Harvest Home" 
Means to them that their product is 

They brew, and taste but the foam. 

Ah Ood!— how sadly they call Thee; 

If Thou wert Thou couldst not with- 
Bat always the wicked have triumphed; 

The cunning and strong hold the land. 

The hearts of the mothers are breaking; 

The daughters are bedded with shame; 
The fathers are brutish with labor; 

The thoughts of the sons are aflame. 

And Hatred and Arson and Murder, 
Like demons they beckon and tempt. 

The hand to the sword is outreaching, 
Blood! Blood! O can nothing exempt! 

Wisdom be instant and help us! 

Quick rearing they radiant crest, 
brothers the sword is a traitor! 

The calm, thoughtful methods are best. 

• The way of the wise is the best. 

Which thinkers have pondered and 


The Oordian Tangels are slipping, 

Behold! your release is at hand. 

-From "The Red Heart in a White 




1 CARE. 

"Nothing I have; for nothing I care!" 
Loudly, defiantly, rang out the cry. 
The crowd looked round with terrified 
At a gaunt-visaged workingman stand- 
ing close by. 

A large crowd it was of middle-class folk. 
Who listened with keenest approval and 
To an oily-tongued liar, who fluently 
Of the home of the brave and the land 
of the free! 
About tariff reform, and of silver and 
And this glorious land, of all lands in 
the world 
The greatest and best. When, lo! loud 
and bold 
Into their midst was so suddenly hurled 
The wild battle slogan of the proletaire: 
"Nothing I have; for nothing I care!" 

"Nothing I have; for nothing I care! 
What meanings have all your soft 
lyings to me?" 
Exclaimed the rude workman in tones of 
"This home of the brave and land of 
the free 
Is a huge bondage land, where in slavery 
The cowardly many in suffering and 
And the few live like gods on the fruits 
of their toU; 
No homestead have I, and no country 
I know, 
And having no hope, hence have I no 
No property prospects or brightness I 
'Mid your meaningless babblings the time 
may be near 
When in his despair the hopeless wage 
May revolt in his wrath ; oh, ye rich folks 

"Nothing I have; for nothing I care!" 

Our steeples throw shadows o'er dungeon 
and cell— 
And we send missionaries to China; 
And the clank of the chain drowns the 
soft Blaster bell— 
And we send missionaries to China; 
We hear the dull fall of the tramx>8' mil- 
lion feet, 
At midnight we find in the great city's 

Lost souls, to whom even hell would 
seem sweet— , 

And we send missionaries to Chinat 

uigiiizea oy ^ 





Dear little children are workincr each 


And we send missionaries to China; 

From cradle to ^ave knowing nothing 

of play— 

And we send missionaries to China; 

Though back in the past the Savior once 

That the Kingdom of Ood of such shall 

be made. 
The dark curse of toll falls on each little 
And we send missionaries to China. 

Each day some suicide goes to his 


And we send missionaries to China; 

And a smile of content gilds his last 

gush of breath — 

And we send missionaries to China; 

For our life is too hard for the soul that 

beats high. 
And the cage breaks the wings that need 

liberty's sky. 
And for one who dares laugh are a mil- 
lion who sigh— 
And we send missionaries to China. 

There's the satisfied few who like things 
as they are— 
They help send missionaries to China; 
But we know that their prayers do not 
mount very far. 
Though they send missionaries to 
For they aJways proclaim that divine Is 

the plan 
That will give them a chance to grab all 

they can. 
And that poverty's really of value to 
And they send missionaries to China. 

The great sage who sleeps 'neath Vir- 
ginia's sod 
Didn't send missionaries to China; 
He knew we ourselves were too far off 
from God 
To send missionaries to China; 
And when to the crest of his faith we 

shall climb. 
And know men are equal, O doctrine sub- 
Ah! then, blessed day, we shall know it 
is time. 
To send missionaries to China 

— WilUam Everett Hicks. 

We are savage in our dreaming, 

No odds how we sigh and pray. 
For our brain is always scheming 

Conquests for a future day. 
Ev'ry man may be our brother, 

Ev'ry maid our sister, too; 
But we're skinning one another. 

Just like savage creatures do. 

What is commerce now, l>ut taking 
Food and clothing to the poor? 

And beneath their starved eyes shaking 
Things they're 'needing, to allure. 

See their eager, starved eyes burning 
While they all our goods behold! 

See again, how hopeless turning. 
At our cool demand for gold! 

Send again our pious mission 

To the heathenish Hindoo, 
Save his poor soul from perdition 

With the Christian Gospel true. 
But when famine, grim and awful. 

Brings him miseries untold. 
Deny him bread, for it is lawful. 

Unless he can pay you gold. 

But we've nearer need for pity; 

In our own land hear the cries 
Going up from crowded city. 

To that home beyond the skies. 
Help me! Comes the cry appealing. 

From the hovels damp and cold; 
But the rich can stand unfeeling. 

Until they are paid in gold. 

We are savages, my brother. 

And the Qospel Jesus taught— 
How we should treat one another— 

Simply now amounts to naught; 
For our face with greed we're carving 

Like a granite statue cold; 
And our answer to the starving, 

Is a stern demand for gold. 

— Jacob Huff. 


They say the world is round, and yet 

I often think it square. 
So many little hurts we get 

From comers here and there. 
But one great truth in life I've found. 

While journeying to the West: 
The only folks who really wound 

Are those we love the beet. 

The man you thoroughly despise 

Can rouse your wrath, *tis true; 
Annoyance in your heart will rise 

At things mere strangers do; 
But those are only passing ills. 

This rule all lives will prove: 
The rankling wound which aches and 

Is dealt by hands we love. 

The choicest garb, the sweetest grace 

Are oft to strangers shown; 
The careless mien, the frowning face 

Are grlven to our own. 
We flatter those we scarcely know; 

We please the fleeting guest; 
And deal full many a thoughtless blow 

To those who love us best. 

Love does not grow on every tree, 

Nor true hearts yearly bloom, 
Also for those who only see 

This cut across a tomb 
But, soon or late, the fact grows plain 

To all through sorrow's test; 
The only folks who give us pain 

Are those we love the best. 

—Ella Wheeler Wilcox. 

Digitized by 



rtetten of interest to the craft for this department should t>e briefly written, 
on imt one side of the paper, and mnst reach this office prior to the uth of the 
month. The right of rerision or r^ection is reserved by the Bditor.J 



Belfast, Ireland, January 21, 1899. 
Editor Journal: 

I have seen many a launch in my day 
on the Clyde, but I am obliged to admit 
that I never witnessed a finer one than 
that of the White Star Liner Oceanic 
on Saturday last in this city. Being so 
favorably impressed with it, I thought 
that the numerous readers of the Jour- 
nal might be pleased to hear of it as 

We had an excursion from Glasgow 
and many a hundred took advantage of 
it Thousands of people were there be- 
fore us, and thousands more htirrying 
down. They came in fine equipages, 
jaunting cars, on foot, and looked for 
all the world like the ordinary Glasgow 
crowd going to see a similar event in 
Fairfield or Qydebank, for it is an ad- 
mitted fact that Belfast is largely 
Scotch, and many of the men who wield 
the hammer, chisel, and adze hail from 
Glasgow and the Clyde. 

The various employes told off to look 
after the launching had been early at 
their posts, some, no doubt, having a 
sleepless night, the policemen were 
about everywhere, and a large detach- 
ment of military lined up in front of the 
offices of the famous yard. The fa- 
vored ones were admitted by ticket to a 
large stand, with accommodation for 
5.000, from which I had a very fine view 
of the affair. 

At the launching of such a monster as 
* the Oceanic one may be sure nothing 
was left to chance, but the intricate de- 
tails of preparing the ways, calculating 
the weights, testing the cables, and ar- 
ranging the "paying off' work were big 
efforts in themselves. The labor in this 
direction, however, is much more easily 
accomplished on the Laggan than on 
the Qyde. The "island" arrangement 
which has been fortunately adopted in 
the laying out of Messrs. Harland & 
Wolff's yard, where space and wharfage 
were by no means at one time the eco- 
nomic considerations that weighed 
heavily on the Scottish river, is in every 

way suited for a big job of the kind. 
On the Clyde, both at Fairfield and 
Clydebank, the checking chains have al- 
most to be calculated to an inch to pre- 
vent the vessel from touching the other 
side of the river, and allowance made 
for swinging and canting after she has 
been brought up. At Belfast there is 
no such difficulty, as the vessel about 
to be sent oft the stocks has a clean 
sweep of the river of about 2,500 feet. 

For a whole mile or so along the 
quay on the Antrim shore were dense 
rows of people, some even perched on 
the rigging of two old sailing ships, 
while others sought the roofs of the 
sheds. On one of the new Allan liners, 
fully 500 feet in length and 10,000 ton^s, 
now building in the yard of Messrs. 
Workman, Clark & Co., distant about a 
quarter of a mile on the other side of 
the river, workmen were seen perched 
in all directions, and on the frames and 
stagings of a big vessel behind the 
grand stand the people were also clus- 
tered pretty thick. At the various 
places, in fact, all around the outside of 
the yard where the huge hull of the ship 
could be easily seen, the sightseers were 
in evidence. On the quay in front of 
the stand, about eleven o'clock, the 
scene was a brilliant and animating one. 

At twenty-five minutes past eleven a 
signal rocket was fired from the yard, 
in accocdance with the harbor reg^ila- 
tions, and this was followed by another 
three or four minutes later. A third 
mimic cannonade from the yard pro- 
claimed the signal "all clear," and amid 
intense excitement the giant ocean liner 
began to glide down the ways. Some 
of the spectators were disappointed that 
she did not rush into the water much 
faster, but the calculations of the ex- 
perts and Mr. Carlisle, the general man- 
ager of the yard, who superintended the 
launch, were completely verified. 

The weight of the hull of the steamer 
when she was launched was 12,672 tons. 
She was on the ways under fifty sec- 
onds, and her entire time from begin- 
ning to move until pulled up was a frac- 
tion less than a minute and a half. The 

uigitizea oy ' 




mean draft was 16 feet 75^ inches, and 
when she entered the water she dipped 
to 32 feet. She was splendidly checked 
by the chains and anchors, and com- 
pletely pulled up within a length and a 
half of herself. The cheering from all 
parts was loud and long, and congratu- 
lations along the line were freely dSc- 
changed. When the bow of the steam- 
er dipped into the water her displace- 
ment wave came over the quay, and 
several gentlemen, including the chair- 
man of the company himself, got wet 
shod. It is, however, very gratifying to 
record that during the whole day's pro- 
ceedings not a single accident of any 
kind occurred. 

The Oceanic is 17,000 tons, 704 feet 
in length, 68 feet 4^ inches broad, and 
49 feet deep. She is about as large as 
the whole of Union street, Glasgow, 
from block to block, and fully 3 feet 
broader. In crossing the Atlantic on 
the Oceanic a passenger can have about 
a mile's walk before breakfast by taking 
a quiet stroll four times round the ves- 
sel. Under those circumstances the sa- 
loon, which is the full breadth of the 
ship, could easily allow two tramway 
cars to pass each other, to say nothing 
of vehicular traffic on the outside of 
both, and, while she will carry 1,600 pas- 
sengers easily, could in a case of emer- 
gency convey some 5,000 troogs to a 
given point. 

Hoping this will be interesting, re- 
member me as 

(Formerly of No. 7, Birmingham, Ala.'i 


Pittsburg, Pa., January 29, 1899. 
Editor Journal: 

I have never yet made any demands 
on your space for defensive purposes, 
but the following attack made upon me 
in the columns of the People of New 
York demands recognition at my 
hands. Referring to a meeting of the 
S. L. P. in this city, among other 
things it had this to say: 

There was present, for about a half- 
hour, a man by the name of Reld from 
Toledo, O.. sent out by the International 
Association of Machinists as organizer. 
There was some talk of his wanting "to 
debate with Hlckey" on the Manifesto of 
the S. T. & L. A. He left, however, at 
4 p. m., not, like Oompers. "to catch a 
train," but "to catch a supper." We tried 
to Induce him to stay, but he would not 
have it that way, he must positively go 
to supper. We did not get a chance, or 
we would have locked him up In a room 
until we could have brought him to face 

Hickey. The men who wish to debate 
with our speakers and do not have to 
catch a train, or catch a supper, are so 
few and far between, that it is a shame to 
let them go. However, this Reld is one 
of these "me-too," "good-as-you," "mem- 
bers of the S. Ii. P." who, like all of 
their kind, never happen to be able to 
show you the red membership card when 
you ask them for it, as we asked Reld. 
One of his statements was: "Me and 
Bandlow and Max Hayes are disgusted 
with Hickey and De Lieon; Hickey uses 
flowery language and is a union-wrecker; 
and De Leon is worse; and us three are 
making a kick, and it is a sure thing 
we three are going to have them both 
kicked out of the party." 

Reld is to stay here a month; if we can 
arrange a debate with him, Comrade 
Root will take Hickey's place, as his 
dates are all fllled and could not stay a 
day longer without breaking his engage- 
ments m other towns. 

Now, for the facts of the case for the 
above statement from the People only 
confirms the opinion I have formed of 
the S. L. P. since coming to Pittsburg. 
They are a lot of moral cowards and we 
need not fear any of their attacks. 

I had met Mr. Hickey in the hotel, 
and told him I was ready at any time 
to accept his challenge, and would be 
glad to get an opportunity to meet him 
in debate. Mr. Hickey left town, it is 
said, and showed no disposition to chal- 
lenge me. Accordingly, when I heard 
he was in town, and would speak on 
Sunday, I went to the meeting to ac- 
cept challenge for another date, or if 
necessary, challenge him. Now, under- 
stand he had been billed to deliver an 
address on socialism; no mention had 
been made of a debate; consequently 
none of our people were present. When 
I reached the hall, Mr. Hickey was de- 
livering his advertised address on so- 
cialism, and by the gods, it was the 
strangest address on socialism I ever 
listened to. During the hour I was 
present he did nothing but villify trades 
unionists and others. The meeting 
started at 3 o'clock, and the Hon. 
Hickey (machinist) of drill press fame 
in the hydraulic pump works of Brook- 
lyn, had, for over one hour and a half, 
under the guise of preaching socialism, 
been abusing everybody that did not 
think as he did. I left the hall at 4:30 
and Mr. Hickey did not finish for at 
least 30 minutes later. 

On leaving the hall at 4:30 I engaged 
in a conversation with two individuals, 
members of the S. L. P., whom I actu- 
ally mistook for gentlemen. I did not, 
and do not now, know their names, al- 
though the letter in the People, and 
subsequent events, now lead me to bc- 

uigiiizea by 




licve one of them was Mr. Eberle, who 
wrote the infamous letter. I was im- 
portuned to stay for a little while, and 
meet Mr. Hickey, and was ready to do 
so, but on it being intimated that the 
time at our disposal would necessarily 
be short on account of Mr. Rickey's 
long and virulent attack, it was mutu- 
ally agreed to make arrangements for 
debate at a later date, one of the S. L. 
P. members especially being of the 
opinion that the debate should be com- 
plete. They took pains to get my ad- 
dress so that they could inform me of 
the date fixed upon. Mr. Hickey, I 
was told, could not meet me at a later 
date. Like some of the abused labor 
leaders, Mr. Hickey had to "catch a 
train" the next day. Now, understand, 
the bold Mr. Hickey had plenty of time 
between ^he time I saw him at the ho- 
tel and the famous meeting mentioned 
in the eqtially infamous letter to issue or 
accept a challenge, yet Mr. Hickey and 
< his copartners in abuse and prevarica- 
I tion neither accepted nor issued a chal- 
lenge, but on the other hand, when they 
found out I was ready to meet Mr. 
, Hickey — yes, eager to do so — in a 
I proper manner, Mr. Hickey had to take 
a train! 

I have already stated the members of 
the S. L. P. had agreed to arrange for 
a debate at an early date, and prom- 
ised to let me hear from them when it 
should take place. I waited a whole 
week, and then hearing nothing from 
them, I set aside other arrangements, 
and on the Sunday following went to a 
meeting of their section and asked them 
point blank to set a date for it. It was 
simply a meeting of their section, only 
their own people were present, and 
with the cunning of a fox, one of their 
number wanted to know why the debate 
could not take place right then and 
there. We did pass a few arguments, 
but when I insisted on a public debate, 
the reformer who had run against me, 
and proven himself of limited intellect, 
expressed himself very forcibly against 
any such thing. I am inclined to be- 
lieve that neither he nor Mr. Hickey 
had any desire for a public debate. 
While in Pittsburg, however, I had be- 
come acquainted with some of their tac- 
tics and insisted that a proper debate be 
arranged, which proposition they 
agreed to bring before their section, 
again agreeing to inform me of the 
date set for the same. Knowing full 
well that I was not spending all of my 
time in Pittsburg, but was working in 
adjacent towns, they tried to trick me 
again. I waited patiently all week, .but 
did not receive notification until Thurs- 

day evening. From the tone of the 
letter they had some doubts of my be- 
ing able to appear. In fact other cir- 
cumstances have convinced me that no- 
tification was kept back with the hope 
that on account of said notice not 
reaching me until late in the week I 
would make arrangement for a meet- 
ing somewhere else, and consequently 
not be able to appear. I fooled them, 
making up my mind to devote Sunday 
to that debate. I did not have to take 
a train and met their champion this af- 
ternoon. The debate began at 3 o'clock, 
and the meeting adjourned about 6:30, 
proving conclusively that no debate 
could possibly have been conducted on 
the occasion. I had to go to dinner and 
consequently could not meet Mr. Hick- 
ey. W. J. Eberle, the S. L. P. man who 
is the author of the letter to the People, 
knew full well the circumstances, and 
has therefore laid himself open to 
charges of dishonesty. 

Here is a report of to-day's debate 
taken from the Pittsburg Press, and 
contrary to the assertion of Mr. Hickey 
that he would drive me from the hall, 
I was one of the last men to leave it: 

There was a red-hot debate last night 
between the representatives of the So- 
cialist labor party and pure and simple 
trades unionism. It took place in the reg- 
ular meeting place of the local Socialist 
body on Qraht street It was an easy 
victory for the cause of trades unionism, 
and it is the first time that the Socialists 
of this section have been met with their 
own tactics in public and put to rout. 

Stuart Reid, national organiser of the 
International Association of Machinists, 
who has been in the city for some time 
pushing the work of organization among 
his fellow-craftsmen, took the side of 
trades unionism against the majority of 
those present. Steven Madden, assistant 
secretary of the Amalgamated Associa- 
tion, who accompanied Reid to the meet- 
ing, was that gentleman's only supporter. 
Harry Qoff was the principal speaker for 
the Socialists. His argument, as he 
termed it, was confined to the usual villi- 
flcation of trades imionism— a line of at- 
tack which Reid was well able to meet, 
for he dragged out to full view of the 
meeting: the noisome labor records of 
some of the "union wreckers" at the 
head of the Socialist movement, from De 
Lieon and Hickey, of New York, to some 
of the local leaders, who, in the past, lost 
their standing in the labor movement by 
assisting to break strikes. 

Reid, at the meetings held here within 
the past two weeks among^ the machin- 
ists, showed himself to be a capable ora- 
tor, but last night he also showed that he 
has wonderful readiness, wit, force and 
courage in debate. At one time, as he 
told the meeting, he wore the Socialist 
emblem, but he discarded it when he had 
uigitizea oy ^k^s^xj^lvk^ 



investUrated far enough to discover the 
theory's Inherent errors. "I therefore," 
he said, "am acquainted with both your 
creed and your methods, and I am here 
to meet you upon any ground your speak- 
ers may map out." When the Socialists 
decided to make it a campaign of per- 
sonal abuse. Reid very cheerfully picked 
up the gauntlet and proceeded to flail the 
leaders of the party with the labor repu- 
tations they had made for themselves. 
Secretary Madden also spoke briefly. The 
meeting was of that interesting char- 
acter best descrll>ed as red-hot, and on 
several occasions it looked as though 
the session would break up in a row. 
Van Rummel, of the flint ^lass workers, 
presided, and was commended for his 
fairness by Reid. Rummel much de- 
plored the fact that the debate had set- 
tled itself to a discussion of personalities, 
but when it was all over everybody 
seemed pleased with the row, if not vis- 
ibly benefited. 

Such is the account of my encounter 
with — no, thank God, not socialists, but 
a lot of things, for want of a better 
name, who failing to get recognition 
from the trade unions, have formed 
themselves into a section of the S. L. P. 
They are entirely ignorant of the first 
principles of socialism and are fully 
convinced that the chief end of that 
creed is to damn the trades imion, and 
every one connected with it. If the 
leaders of the S. L. P. are willfully or- 
ganizing those people, knowing them to 
be what they are, I am sorry to say I 
can see the end of the S. L. P. 

I did wear a red button with con- 
siderable pride, placed in my coat by a 
socialist in Cleveland, Ohio, a gentle- 
man and a member of the S. L. P., who 
was a student and a thinker. I was 
proud to travel in the company of men 
of his stamp, but I have taken the but- 
ton off and sadly laid it aside. I can- 
not afford to risk my reputation by 
classing myself with the men I find 
wearing the red button here. For years, 
and you know it, I have defended that 
button and the society it represented 
against all comers. I am a socialist 
still, and will in the future, as I have 
done in the past, vote the socialist 
ticket. When I say socialist ticket. I 
mean socialist ticket, and a class con- 
scious one at that. In parting from the 
S. L. P. I would advise them to study 
the meaning of class conscious and stop 
talking about something that many of 
them know nothing about. To many of 
them the words class conscious mean 
just about as much as Jimminy Jeahtvti) 
phat and other meaningless wortU thut 
many people use who are a littlt? ttio 
scrupulous to use a common cusm wi»mI 
It is a popular phrase of theirs outMiilr 

of that; many of them do not know 
what it means. They are, I am thor- 
oughly convinced, conscious of one 
thing: That they are not fit associates 
for any man who has a conscience and 
honestly desires to emancipate his class. 


Wilkesbarrc, Pa., February i, 1899. 
Editor Journal: 

On the eighteenth of last month 
Loomis Hall was the scene of one of 
the most brilliant events that has tran- 
spired in the labor world of Wilkes- 
barre for many a day. The occasion 
was the annual ball of No. 210, which 
was augmented at this time by a ban- 
quet. This was the first time that a 
banquet had formed part of our annual 
celebration and it proved an unquali- 
fied success. 

At eight o'clock the dancing began 
and continued until eleven, when the 
banquet was served in the dining room. 
It was elaborate and was served in a 
faultless manner, the two large tables 
extending the whole length of the din- 
ing room groaned under the weight of 
the good things provided. 

B. F. Mooney, master machinist, 
acted as toastmaster. M. J. Keighron 
made a few humorous remarks, and 
Charles Pierce, the secretary of No. 
210, made the address of the evening, 
after which the guests went again to the 
dancing hall and continued the merry 
dance until an early hour. Among 
other things, Bro. Pierce said: 

"Eleven years ago six machinists in a 
locomotive pit in a railroad shop at At- 
lanta, Ga., who wanted an advance in 
wages and had tried singly and had 
failed, resolved to go together and ask 
for an advance of 25 cents per day. 
The advance was granted, showing that 
in union there is strength. I have often 
imagined the scene as these six earnest 
men were consulting together, each one 
watching that the foreman would not 
surprise them and close the session. 
This was the first meeting and the 
birthday of the International Associa- 
tion of Machinists, and these men most 
likely had no idea that their action 
woultl result in the formation of our 
present strong organization, which has 
hroomc a strong factor in the labor 
oirolcH of the United States and Can- 
jmIu. Its inrtucnce will soon be felt in 
the old world, as our grand master ma- 
rhinint has been selected to represent 
\\w IuImu' interests of this country in 
the Hntish Labor Congress to be held 

uigiiizea oy ■" 




soon in Plymouth, England. Organ- 
ized labor has succeeded in winning 
public recognition of its purposes and 
principles and public sympathy with its 

"We wish at this time to disabuse the 
mind of any here who have been led to 
believe that labor organizations are or- 
ganized for the purpose of creating 
dissension and making trouble between 
employers and employes. On the con- 
trary we believe in carrying into cflfcct 
as far as possible the principles of arbi- 
tration in all cases. We aim to avoid 

"If a brother is out of work he may, 
by mailing a line to the secretary of any 
lodge, learn whether a job can be se- 
cured at a trifling cost, and will always 
find friends who will aid and assist him 
in any city he may go to, and if out of 
money and in good standing, he can get 
a loan on his card of membership. This 
lodge pays sick and accident benefits of 
$5 per week for ten weeks and $50 in 
case of death, in addition to the $50 
which* the Grand Lodge pays in case 
of death. This lodge has on several 
occasions given to its members who 
have bee'n injured substantial donations 
in addition to the regular benefits, and 
wc will never allow a brother or those 
depending upon him to suffer for the 
comforts of life. 

'Those lodges that pay sick and . 
death benefits show a larger member- 
ship and more promptness in paying 
their dues, etc., than lodges that do not 
pay benefits. Since the organization 
of this lodge in 1891 there have been 
paid out for sick and accidental bene- 
fits $950; for death benefits, $250; for 
assistance to members beyond the limit 
of benefits, $115; for assistance to mem- 
bers of other lodges in trouble, $116; 
making a total of benefits paid $ii43i» 
and we have in our treasury over $1,600, 
so that with our annual increase 
future benefits are amply secured. I 
have always been one of those who 
recognize the value of woman's work 
in every reform movement and good 
work. The influence she exercises as 
an instructor, councillor and adviser 
makes her an auxiliary we cannot afford 
to belittle, and when we consider her 
position as a wageworker and earner, 
a competition in the labor world for all 
positions which call for the exercise of 
the hand and brain, we cannot but help 
to realize the importance of taking her 
into our councils and joining her efforts 
with ours for the common good, and we 
believe that by so doing the discrimina- 
. tion which now exists will be done 
away with and she will receive the same 

rate of wages that men receive for do- 
ing the same kind of work. To this 
end we have in view the formation of a 
Ladies' Auxiliary to the Machinists' 
Union in this city, believing that it will 
be of great assistance to us. We ex- 
pect soon to have the information nec- 
essary, and then a meeting will be 
called, and if this can be accomplished I 
believe that 210 will aid you as far as 

Every one was delighted with the en- 
tertainment and are looking forward to 
our next merry meeting. 

Denver, Colo., February 5, 1899. 
Editor Journal: 

Now that the peace treaty has been 
signed and the dogs of war called off, 
a short review of the machinists' strike 
at the F. M. Davis Iron Works may be 

The underlying causes that led up to 
this diflficulty had been brewing in that 
shop for years back. 

First, there has always been an effort 
on the part of the- firm, through its su- 
perintendent, to hire all classes of labor 
at the lowest possible wage, also to con- 
tinually crowd the men to their utmost 
capacity- And in a busy season to hire 
machinists, telling them they would be 
paid what they were worth, and at the 
end of the week, after the man had 
given them good service, to lay him off 
and pay him at whatever suited them. 
This happened to several of our mem- 
bers. After the superintendent had prom- 
ised to pay them the 30 cents per hgur 
—our minimum rate in Denver — ^he paid 
them off at 2'jy2 cents per hour, and 
told them they were worth no more. 
This happened to some men who 
worked for the firm on previous occa- 
sions and received as high as z^Yi cents 
per hour. 

About October 16, 1898, an effort was 
made to put handy men on machinist 
work on the floor. One of the brothers 
objected to this and got into an argu- 
ment with the man and was fired. As a 
consequence the boys were red hot. 
About this time several of the boys were 
hired and when they refused to go to 
work unless promised the 30 cents per 
hour were told that there were union 
men working in the shop for less than 
the minimum. This was reported to the 
lodge and the shop committee ordered 
to examine the pay envelopes and pay 
of our members working there. This 

uigiiizea by 




they did, after shop hours, and they 
were fired. 

A new committee was appointed to 
try and adjust this and a few other 
things — ^the matter of overtime, appren- 
tices, etc. They also were dismissed, 
whereupon a strike was ordered. 

The firm immediately advertised for 
men and succeeded in getting a few 
"brainy machinists" from Chicago (that 
was the expression used by one of them 
when we asked him not to go to work, 
he said he could fill that shop with 
brainy machinists from Chicago; the 
amount of brains he carried only held 
out long enough to keep him in his 
position two weeks). 

The executive board of the Colorado 
State Federation, being in session in 
this city about the time of the strike, 
October 24, they were called upon to 
use their good offices to try and adjust 
the matter, but failed to reach any un- 

The matter run along for several 
days until about November 4, when 
Brother Wilson came from Chicago. 
An appointment was made to meet 
the firm on Sunday, at 10 a. m., No- 
vember 6. When the committee arrived 
at the office and presented themselves, 
the members of the firm feigned to 
know nothing of any appointment. 
After Bro. H. G. Miller introduced the 
committee, consisting of Brothers Wil- 
son, Miller, Morgan and Wisler, an 
effort was made to enter into a discus- 
sion of the situation, but the firm re- 
fused to discuss and very "courteously" 
bid the committee "good morning." 

On November 21st a temporary in- 
junction was issued against us prevent- 
ing the machinists from interfermg with 
the firm or its employes, or boycotting 
its product. Well, we immediately told 
our friends what had happened and also 
secured the services of a lawyer. After 
hearing the case, the judge found no 
cause for issuing a permanent injunc- 
tion and dissolved the temporary one. 
The case was immediately taken to the 
Court of Appeals and at present writ- 
ing no decision has been handed down. 

After this little incident the strike 
dragged along in the even tenor of its 
way. both sides maintaining a stubborn 
front and watching each other at every 
move, until about December 15th. when 
the coremakers struck in sympathy. At 
this stage of the proceedings the firm 
showed some signs of uneasiness, hut 
would not come to any understanding. 

About January 15th a committer, 
consisting of Bro. D. C. Coatcs, sccro 
tar>- of the Colorado State Fcdrratiot» 
of Labor; Bro. J. J. Stanton, of thr 

Machinists, and Brother Holgreen, of 
the Coremakers, waited upon the firm 
and tried to adjust the matter, but 
could get no definite proposition from 
them, they refusing to consider the re- 
quests as presented b^ the machinists. 
Next day the committee again called 
and asked the firm to submit their 
proposition of settlement in writing, 
and they did so, but it was such that the 
machinists could not accept. Then 
Brother O'Connell was requested to 
come on, and did so, and a meeting 
was arranged with the firm for January 
24, Brother 0*Connell requesting Bro- 
thers Wells and Wisler to accompany 

The committee met the firm on the 
above date and discussed the matter 
thoroughly, but reached no settlement 
that day, but said next morning that 
we would have a proposition for the 
firm to consider. 

Next morning the committee called, 
and after about an hour's talk reached 
the following basis of settlement: 

That all men who went out on strike 
to be returned to work. 

Time and one-half for overtime. 

A minimum rate of 50 cents per hour 
to members of the I. A. of M. 

An apprenticeship system in accord- 
ance with our constitution. 

The strike was declared off just three 
months from the date of its occurrence. 

Too much praise cannot be g^ven to 
the coremakers for the stand they took 
in assisting us to make the strike a suc- 
cess. Numerically, they are not a 
strong organization in Denver, but unlike 
some other organizations, they have not 
reached that stage of uselessness where 
they can be used by the corporations 
as a club with which to defeat a sister 
organization for the promises of a life 
job. but responded like men and true 
trade unionists to the call for assistance. 

The machinists of Denver, too, come 
in for their share of praise for the stub- 
born manner in which they held out for 
three months without a sign of weaken- 
ing even from the non-union men who 
struck with us. not a word of complaint 
was hoard and each served his turn at 
picket duty without fail. 

Ti> the u»cnibcrs also who contributed 
thcii ten per cent of their weekly cam- 
iuRs aU due credit sliould be given. Es- 
\kK<\A\ n^eniion should be made of the 
WAV in which the bv^ys obeved strictly 
the orders ^iven by our M, M. Brother 

Uopit^n thM in future it will be un- 
n*H«^«*rt<\ !o call a strike to gain our 
iijjhi*. \ AP» Fratenialh*. 


Digitized by 





Milwaukee, Wis., February 10, 1899. 
Editor Journal: 

I did not think that my mind ran 
mach in poetic direction, though recent 
developments almost make me do so. 
I was sitting the other night and mus- 
ing on many things, though not think- 
ing of poetry particularly, when the 
spirit moved me to send you the follow- 

Let the past be forgotten, the future is 

Tbe springtime Is coming with sunshine 

and showers; 
The summer will burst again bright with 

its flowers- 
Then, courage, forward! 

We may battle with want and be dragged 
thro* the mire, 

Heartbroken, defeated, we'r^ forced to re- 

The' defamed by this world, we will press 
to a higher— 

Courage, forward! 

Our success in the past may have little to 

Vice still holds the field, and our good re- 
solves go; 

We aspire to soar high, but are Cast 
down below- 
Still, courage, forward! 

What if Manila and San Juan inflame in 

each breast? 
Not a blood-thirsty courage that is bom 

of unrests 
But a passion to conquer the wrongs we 

detest— . . « 

Coiurage, forward! 

Whither pressing for riches, improvement 

or fame. 
May our objects be worthy whatever their 

Let goodness and honor and truth guide 

our aim- 
Then, courage, forward! 

Let the past be forgotten, the future is 


A new year begins to encourage our 

powers; , 

Crush rank weeds 'neath our feet and 

shield well the flowers- 
Courage, forward! 

I think it is all right for a New Year's 
spasm and my friends think so too. If 
you are of the same mind, place it 
where it will do the most good. If you 
arc not-^en, courage, forwara! to the 
waste paper basket. With best wishes. 



Vicksburg, Miss., Feb. 11. 
Editor Jou rnal : 

Only a few more weeks and the con- 
vention of 1899 of the International As- 
sociation of Machinist will be a part of 
the history of our order, and the coming 
convention bids fair to be one of the 
most important we have ever had, as 
the issues before it will be many, and 
one that will be of general interest to 
the labor world will be the eight hour 

There is no doubt that the near future 
will see a national eight hour law in this 
country, for we have had an eight hour 
law for government employees for 
thirty years, and in tracing ancient his- 
tory we find that durinp: the reigrn of 
King Solomon that he, m the building 
of the famous temple, which required 
seven (7) long years, he advocated and 
maintained in all his great works, the 
sacred eight hour law. Thus in the life 
of this great man we find that his court 
was magnificent, dominions and rev- 
enues great, personal character exalted, 
wisdom unequaled, and his reign re- 
nowned for a brilliancy of wealth and 
splendor on every hand. 

Here we find a striking contrast be- 
tween a man of ancient and modern 

Take the millionaire railroad magnate 
of to-day with equal opportunities of 
those of King Solomon; visit their rail- 
roads, and you will find many of their 
employees working long hours, and for 
small pay. 

Visit the south, and at Nashville, 
Tenn., you will find a university rep- 
resenting millions, known as the Van- 
derbilt University. Visit the west, and 
at Palo Alto, California, you will find 
the Leiand Stanford University, with 
more than thirty million dollars in- 
vested. Visit the east, at Mount Clare 
(Baltimore), and you will find the Johns 
Hopkins University with its millions, 
and many others throughout the coun- 
try representing enormous wealth. 

Most all of these universities are the 
earnings of different railroads, but few 
of the faithful employees who have 
helped make those millions ever realize 
any benefit from them whatever. 

The laborer never enters there; onjy 
the sons and daughters of those in high 
social and business life. 

Has ever the promoter of one of these 
institutions stopped to look at his 
brother fellow-man, who is toiling long 
hours and for small pay? Has he ever 
looked down into the depths of the 
earth at his brother in the mines? His 

uigiiizea by 




case under the competitive system is de- 
plorable and a curse to the cause. 

Has ever one of our great women, 
famed for charity, looked into a sweat 
shop and seen the pale and careworn 
face of her sister there? Was it ever 
her fortune to see one of her American- 
born sisters competing with a heathen 
Chinese laundry? 

We are told that "labor is noble and 
holy, like the philosopher's stone; 
everything it touches turns to wealth." 

True this may be, however, but if 
some of those millions had been spent 
in relieving the burdens of the toilers of 
our land, the cry of the poor would 
scarcely be heard, and thousands of 
homes that arc now darkened might 
have been brighter to-day. 

I will give a brief sketch of organized 
labor in this country from the first labor 
organization down to the present time, 
together with a record of strikes of ayy 

In 1806 the tailors organized the first 
labor organization in the United States. 
In 1819 the hatters organized; in 1831 
the printers organized. Passing over 
many minor organizations, we come 
down to 1850-60, a period full of labor 
agitation. National and international 
trades unions were organized from 
Maine to California. 

From 1861-65, during the war, the 
eight-hour movement was the leading 
topic among organized labor. 

In 1866 an eight-hour bill for the ben- 
efit of goverriment employes was intro- 
duced into congress and became a law 
in 1868. 

In 1869 the Knights of Labor was or- 
ganized in Philadelphia. 

In 1884 congress created a National 
Bureau of Labor. 

In 1886 the American Federation of 
Labor was organized. 

In 1888 the National, now Interna- 
tional Association of Machinists was 
organized. In 1893 the American Rail- 
way Union was organized. 

The first strike in the United States 
occurred in New York City in 1803, 
when a number of sailors struck for an 
advance in wages. 

During the early part of the century 
several minor strikes occurred with 
varying results, attended with lockouts, 
and settlements sometimes settled by ar- 
bitration. Perhaps the most extensive 
and desperate strike up to date was that 
of 1877, which affected the Baltimore & 
Ohio Railroad, the Pennsylvania Rail- 
road, the Erie Railway and the New 
York Central Railroad. Oven one hun- 
dred thousand employees and others 
took part in this strike. 

Junction City and other main points 
were seized; all freight traffic was sus- 
pended; passenger and mail service was 
greatly impeded; bloody riots occurred 
at Pittsburg and Baltimore; the pres- 
ence of militia only exasperated the 
rioting parties, and at Pittsburg, where 
the mob was immense and furious, the 
militia was overpowered and beseiged 
in a round house. An attempt was made 
to burn this with all its inmates by- 
lighting oil cars and pushing them into 
it. Fortunately the soldiers escaped 
across the river." Meantime the torch 
was applied with terrible destruction. 
Machine shops, warehouses and thou- 
sands of freight cars pillaged and 
burned; men, women and children fell 
to thieving; law and order was ignored. 
The result was that the destruction of 
property was estimated at ten millions 
of dollars, the Pennsylvania Railroad 
alone losing five million. The loss to 
employees was great, as was the loss 
of life, for in this disturbance, lasting: 
fourteen days, nineteen persons were 
killed in Chicago, nine at Baltimore and 
thirteen at Reading, and three times as 
many killed and wounded. Finally right 
was maintained, the la.w was vindicated, 
the supremacy of the government was 
acknowledged and the strike of 1877 
went into history. 

In 1886 the great southwestern strike 
occurred. This strike was fought bit- 
terly and much damage was done. The 
loss alone to the Missouri Pacific was es- 
timated at five hundred thousand dol- 
lars, and the loss to strikers and em- 
ployees was nine hundred thousand dol- 
lars, making a total of one million four 
hundred thousand, and thus another 
great strike goes into history, while 
many still remember that sad struggle 
that left many a home penniless. 

Then next comes the Homestead 
strike, cost the state 'five hundred thou- 
sand and cost the Homestead Company 
in loss four million ten thousand dol- 
lars; strikers lost two million dollars in 
wages. The families of strikers endured 
much suflFering, while many of their 
number went to prison for murder and 

Next comes the Pullman strike, or 
boycott, which resulted in the destruc- 
tion of property valued at millions, to- 
gether with loss of life and the calling 
out of the United States militia to sup- 
press the riots at Chicago; and it was 
here that many of the dark crimes, the 
work of a lawless anarchist class, was 
laid at the door of many labor organiza- 
tions, and "guilty" was the verdict of 
many an innocent and honest laboring 

Digitized by 




This, the ending of the American 
Railway Union strike, was the last of 
any serious consequences up to this 
date: thus we are presented with a brief 
history of organized labor, and in re- 
viewing the history of the I. A. & M. 
it shows a brilliant record, compared 
with other labor organizations, with an 
existence of eleven years and nearly five 
hundred local lodges. Every member 
of the order should feel justly proud 
of the success we have attained. Hav- 
ing gone through and suffered much 
from the memorable financial panic of 
1893, we are fast recovering that which 
we lost, as but recently wages have been 
restored on large railroad systems that 
cut in 1893. and to this work much 
credit is due Bro. O'Connell. who by 
his untiring efforts and remarkable dis- 
play of wisdom and ability has made the 
1. A. of M. the pride of the country, 
and a Grand Master with a record sel- 
dom equaled and never excelled. 

As on the 1st day of May, 1898, in 
Manila bay. when Commodore Dewey 
startled the whole world by his remark- 
able display of courage when he sig- 
naled from his flagship, "Remember the 
Maine." so on the ist day of May. 1899. 
at Buffalo. N. Y., may our Grand Com- 
mander O'Connell startle the labor 
world when he signals from his flagship 
"Remember the 1. A. of M..'* for then 
will begin the battle for active legisla- 
tion in favor of organized labor, for 
postal savings banks, against govern- 
ment by injunction, against imperialism, 
abolishment of the sweatshop system, 
to solve the problems between labor and 
capital, and to advocate the establish- 
ment of a national eight-hour law. 


York, Pa., Feb. 13, 1899. 
Editor Journal: 

I have concluded to drop you a few 
lines and through your excellent Jour- 
nal acquaint the brotherhood at large 
with the doings oi No. 243. 

We have now entered on our fifth 
year of labor in the cause of unionism, 
and I am proud to say that with all the 
troubles, trials and difficulties we have 
encountered, we are still brave and 
hopeful; still resolved to combat non- 
unionism and consequent cheap labor. 

Situated, as we are here, on the south- 
east border of Pennsylvania, with no 
support whatever from organized labor, 
we have met and conquered many dif- 
ficulties. Many oppressive, tyrannical 
rules have been introduced in the vari- 

ous shops and factories in our city 
which, by our united action, have been 
set aside, and the conditions here at 
present are a thousandfold better and 
pleasanter than before our institution. 

But, Brother Douglas, I have lived 
long enough to discover that while all 
are willing to be benefited by better 
conditions and higher wages, many are 
prone to reason that thev are as high 
as they can get and that their job is se- 
cure, at all events, and it is folly for 
them to continue on paying dues where, 
according to their reasoning, they get 
no return, forgetting or i^rnoring the 
fact that it was organization that placed 
them where they arc. 

We have many such here. I suppose 
all locals are equally unfortunate. Sit- 
uated as we are here we have had much 
trouble through the unorganized con- 
dition of Cumberland Valley shops. 
They have been held over our heads 
like a sword almost since our in- 
stitution. It has been pointed out to 
us that there every man runs two or 
three machines, that they work piece 
work, that they will work for less than 
we are being paid, and so on, that if we 
are not satisfied they can easily get 

They have established a limit — $2. Up 
to the present we have been unable to 
change it. With shops overflowing 
with work and jobs going begging, 
they won't raise the limit; sooner than 
do that they will employ laborers, 
chunkers, anything, to fill up the shops. 

Among others of our misfortunes dur- 
ing the past two years we have lost 
some good old members of No. 243 
from various causes. Some from inter- 
nal dissensions which, though noJt seri- 
ous, was sufficient cause, in their esti- 
mation, for them to drop out. Many of 
them were faithful, earnest workers, and 
were largely instrumental in the institu- 
tion of our local. With many of them 
I stood shoulder to shoulder in the dark 
days of our R. of L. strike here in '87. 
As I look over the roll and see a line 
drawn over their names, signifying 
dropped, it is with a feeling of regret 
that I close the book and wonder can 
we not by some possible means get 
these brothers, who are union men at 
heart and in principle, back into the 
ranks once more? 

In view of these facts and conditions 
existing here, we decided to make our 
fifth anniversary a memorable one. To 
celebrate February 11, 1899, in a man- 
ner which, while it would contribute to 
the pleasures of the inner man, would 
be a love feast and food for the mind 
as well as the body. We meant to make. 

uigitizea oy vjv^rOQlC 



an honest effort to bring together once 
more those of our brothers who had 
fallen by the wayside and those who 
were lukewarm in the cause which has 
done so much to better the conditions 
of all machinists, either in the union or 

To bring about this much desired re- 
sult we felt that we needed a stronger 
hand at the helm than we possessed, 
a brighter intellect and one more con- 
versant with the conditions surround- 
ing our trade at other places. One 
against whom there was no prejudice 
and no animosity, and we felt and be- 
lieved that such an one could bring 
about good results and do much to 
harmonize existing differences and wipe 
out old sores. 

To accomplish this we decided to ap- 
peal to G. M. M. O'Connell for help, 
in the shape of a good speaker, at our 
banquet, and to hold an open meeting 
the following day, Sunday, February 12. 
And right nobly did he respond. He 
wrote us that he was coming east to 
Washington, D. C, to speak on the 
13th, and if we desired, he would time 
his trip to be with us on the nth. That 
being agreeable, we settled down for 
business. But on the loth we found that 
Brother Reid, of the G. E. B., was in 
Harrisburg, and wired him' also to 
come. Well, they came, and a better 
pleased ^et of men than our members 
and guests you never met. After a pleas- 
ant feast of good things Bros. O Con- 
nell and Reid entertained our brothers 
with a good talk on unionism and the 
relation of capital to labor, explaining 
many thing to the brothers, who need- 
ed light, and doing much to harmonize 
grievances appearing to exist between 
employdr and employee. 

At a seasonable hour the banquet 
closed, all feeling better and wiser 
through having been a participant 

On the following morning (Sunday), 
Brothers O'Connell and Reid were 
shown around our city and made some 
calls; among others, they visited your 
humble, but unfortunate, servant, who 
was unable to attend banquet on ac- 
count of illness. The manager of our 
largest manufacturing plant expressed a 
wish to meet Brothers O'Connell and 
Reid at their hotel. They graciously 
accorded him an interview, which was 
harmonious in every respect, and he has 
since expressed himself as agreeably 
surprised to find a labor organization 
governed and guided by such able and 
high minded gentlemen, and predicts 
that a union cannot go far astray with 
such men at the head. This is high 

praise indeed, coming, as it does, from 
a bright, able man, and the manager 
of a plant like the one he represents. 

At 1:30 P. M., Codorus Hall was 
literally packed, and the meeting called 
to order. Bro. G. M. M. Was intro- 
duced to the waiting and eager audi- 
ence. It is needless for me to dwell 
on Brother O'Connell's address. The 
brotherhood all know what a speaker 
he is. Many of our brothers had heard 
him before, but they would never tire 
of hearing him. For an hour or more 
he held his audience spellbound with 
words of wisdom and guidance. To 
those present who had never heard him 
before it was a revelation. 

At the close of the G. M. M.*s ad- 
dress Brother Stuart Reid was intro- 
duced and made his initial bow to a 
York audience. Brother Reid is a log- 
ical and forceful speaker and impressed 
his hearers most profoundly. He ex- 
plained the difference between employer 
and employee in a very lucid manner, 
and pointed out, very plainly, the ad- 
vantages accruing from organization. 
His arguments were convincing and his 
illustrations profuse and easilv inter- 
preted. Our brothers were very much 
gratified with his address and will al- 
ways accord him a warm welcome 
should necessity or inclination bring 
him among us. 

Our banquet was a complete success 
in every particular. Our open meeting, 
notwithstanding the blizzard, was equal- 
ly satisfactory, thanks to Brothers 
O'Connell and Reid. The impression 
they left on our members of their earn- 
estness and solicitude for the welfare 
of organized labor, the good seed they 
sowed in our midst, among those that 
are unorganized, and the respect and 
esteem they won from the em^^loyers of 
our city, has made their visit, brief 
though it was, one of profit to us, and, I 
trust, a pleasurable one to them. Al- 
ready many have applied for mem- 
bership, and I believe our next report 
will show a large increase in member- 
ship. Our fifth anniversary will long be 
remembered, and I trust that it will 
not be the last visit of Brothers O'Con- 
nell and Reid to our city. 

In conclusion. Brother Wilson, let me 
beg your forbearance at this lengthy 
notice, but I felt as though, the en- 
couragement No. 243 had received, and 
the boom we are enjoying, might en- 
courage others who, like us, have been 
laboring under adverse conditions. To 
them I would say, never give up. Meet 
the difficulties and obstacles as they 
arise like men, settle your local griev- 
ances, both internal and external, in a 

uigiiizea oy xjiv^v/^r^LV^ 




manly, fair minded spirit; grant to 
your brother the same concessions you 
would demand from him. Consider that 
he has weaknesses, the same as yourself, 
and you will feel better and happier in 
the end.' " 'Tis human to err, but to 
fgrgive, divine." Fraternally yomrs, 
T., No. 243, I. A. of M. 


Toronto, Feb. 16,. 1899. 
Editor Journal: 

As I have not seen anything in the 
Journal from these regions for a length 
of time, it is my excuse for sending 
you a few items in regard to the doings 
of Toronto Lodge No. 235. 

We decided by a vote of the lodge to 
celebrate on a somewhat larger scale 
than usual our eighth anniversary. If 
took the form of an "at home." The 
concert was one of the best that has 
been held by No. 235. 

At the hour for opening, Mr. George 
Wrigley, Sr., editor of the Citizen and 
Country, took the chair and in his happy 
and genial way welcomed the friends of 
the machinists and then gave us a good 
sensible talk on the duties of union men, 
the fast changing conditions and the 

necessity of men standing closer to- 
gether to battle for their rights. 

The programme, which was a very 
lengthy and varied one, caught on from 
the start, and every piece was encored 
in the first part, after which they had 
to say no more encores, as we were 
trespassing on the time set for dancing. 

At the conclusion of the concert the 
hall was made ready for dancing, when 
about forty couples tripped the light 
fantastic until four o'clock in the morn- 
ing. Every one seemed to thoroughly 
enjoy themselves, I believe. There was 
some great damage done to the well- 
filled tables, as machinists have fairly 
good appetites. No doubt the crowd 
would have been larger had the weather 
gods treated us a little more consid- 
erately. The mercury stood at ten be- 
low zero. 

A great deal of credit is due to the 
hard-working committee, who did 
everything possible to make it a suc- 
cess. Brothers Adamson, Boland, Har- 
ley and Chisolm were very much in evi- 
dence, even if one of them does use 
that celebrated hair restorer. 

All of which is respectfully submitted 
by Yours fraternally, 


In Far Away Alaska. 

Digitized by 


A Socialist daily paper may be started 
in London. 

Bricklayers of Germany are going in 
for the eight-hour day and a raise of 

The United Brotherhood of Carpen- 
ters and Joiners issued six new charters 
in January. 

Chicago Typographical Union No. 
16 fines any member $5 who purchases 
non-union goods of any description. 

Independent Labor party of England 
has started out to raise $5,000 with 
which to carry on its propaganda. 

Robert Blatchford, the author of 
"Merrie England," is reported to be 
writing an opera along socialistic lines. 

The miners' strike at Pana. III. is 
not yet settled and there is no hope 
that it will be in the immediate future. 

Strikes and boycotts against unfair 
methods of church publications are re- 
ported in Nashville, Dayton and New 

The New York Newspaper Writers' 
Union has received its charter from the 
1. T. U.. and starts life with one hun- 
dred and sixty members. 

The cotton operatives of New Eng- 
land are restless again. They hear so 
much about prosperity that they want 
the 10 per cent cut restored. 

In a recent decision the Iowa Su- 
preme Court has practically knocked 
out all attempts of making employers 
liable for injury to life or limb. 

rx-r)rganizer Galvin. of the I. T. U.. 
in San Francisco, went to the Philip- 
pines as a ^oldie^. and is now publishing 
a union ne\vs])aper there called "L'ncle 
Sa'^i. ' 

Two hundred trackers in the employ 
<»f the \nn .\rbor Railway at Frankfort. 
Mich., secured an advance of two an<l 
a l;ilf cein^ r.ii hour la^t v/eek by goin^; 
on strike. 

A number of farmers' ornani/atjon^ 
in Illinois are arranging to hold a con 
vention in the near future for the pur 
pose of launching a farmers' pailv 

About the only princinle that has been 
enunciated so far is a bid to everybody 
to assist in putting farmers into office. 

In line with the concentration of 
capital and the abolition of waste, it is 
announced that the New York Central 
Railroad is about to establish a large 
printing office to do its own work. 

The St. Louis barbers are going after 
a city sanitary law. Thev will receive 
the hearty support of the board of 
health. The law will require the ster- 
ilizing of all tools employed by barbers. 

Factory Inspector Elkhoff, of Michi- 
gan, reports the enforcement of the fac- 
tory laws of that state has reduced the 
number of children employed in fac- 
tories from 4,000 in 1891 to 1,900 in 

Secretary Klapetzky, of the Barbers* 
International Union, in reply to an in- 
uuiry. ruled that lady barbers were not 
admitted into the union, neither could a 
shop employing one display a union 

The posters and billers emploved by 
the -\merican Bill Posting Company, of 
Chicago, wht) went on strike two weeks 
ago for a raise in wages, have been 
granted their demands and returned to 

The bill to compel street railroads to 
vestibule their cars in winter has again 
been introduced in the New York legis- 
lature. This year it has the support of 
the Workingmen's State Federation and 
ought to pass. 

The .Massachusetts labor bureau fig- 
ures the average c<»st of living of me- 
chanics in that state at $754 per annum. 
This is based on a family of five per- 
sons. The average cost in Great Bril- 
;iin »s saitl to be $508. 

\fter two years of agitation, started 
l»> the Chicaj^o W'irths X'erein, the last 
CfHuention ol the State Liquor Dealers* 
\svoeiation ordered a 12x13 '"*^h sign 
made to be h\ir^ tip in saloons which 
handled union made g<iods. desijjnating 
It as a union salot>n. 

W I) W'eisbnrx. a ei^ar inanufac- 
tuiet. who had been eoiu icted of using 

uigiiizea oy ^^rOOvlC 



an imitation of the blue union label of 
the Cigar Makers* International Union, 
and who had sued the union for $25,000 
damages for beins deprived of a further 
use of same, lost nis case. 

A Nashville paper states that there 
are children employed in the cottpn 
mills of that city who receive but 5 
cents a day of 12 to 13 hours. One child 
received 55 cents for three weeks' work, 
and a family of eight workers averages 
$30 a month. Is there anything in Eu- 
rope or in China that can be compared 
to this condition? 

Dock strikers in Colon won their de- 
mand for an increase of 25 cents a day. 
At Panama they are also winning. In 
the Argentine Republic, South America, 
quite a number of strikes have taken 
place recently, most of which were won, 
and in Cuba all kinds of troulile has 
been occurring between masters and 
men. The Latin-Americans are rapidly 
becoming civilized. 

Rice & Hutchins, of Marlboro, Mass., 
who are the ringleaders in the conspira- 
cy of employers of that city to break 
up and destroy the shoeworkers* unions, 
are especially obnoxious to the union- 
ists. Rice, at a banquet held in Bos- ' 
ton, at the rate of $15 per plate, said 
his locked-out workmen, who were 
lucky to get snowballs to eat, were a 
lot of Spaniards, pirates, and other en- 
dearing names. Look out for Marlboro 

The case in which a non-union San 
Francisco printer secured $1,200 dam- 
ages because he was forced out of a job 
will be carried up the union. Labor 
papers on the coast agree that if the 
case is finally won by the scab olaintiff. 
unions might as well disband, for every 
organization can be proceeded against 
in a similar manner. The contest is a 
momentous one and is being watched 
with intense interest by laborers and 
capitalists alike. 

Labor papers state that cigar makers 
throughout the country complain bit- 
terly against a recent decision o\ the 
internal revenue department to the 
effect that leaf tobacco cannot be sold 
from broken packages. A whole pack- 
age costs from $300 to $600, and the 
ruling will work a great hardship upon 
the little **buckeyes." It is charged in 
some quarters that the decision was 
purposely made in the interests of cer- 
tain large manufacturers, who are mov- 
ing to wipe out small competitors. 

George W. Perkins, president of the 
Cigar Makers' International Union, has 

brought an action in the supreme court 
of Onondaga county, N. Y., against 
George W. Dunkhorst, a cigar maker 
and trustee of the village of Elmwood, 
a neighboring suburb of Syracuse, for 
alleged illegal use of the label of the 
Cigar Makers' Union. It is said that 
this suit is but one of several others to 
be brought. The union sues not only 
to restrain the use of the label, but to 
recover for damages that have resulted 
to the plaintiff and to compel the de- 
fendant to render an account of his 

A labor war in the printing business 
may be precipitated in Chicago ere 
long. The newspapers of that city en- 
tered a sort of combine some time ago, 
and now it is announced that the man- 
agers have given it out that they will 
run "open ofHces" in all departments 
except the composing room, which 
means that the printers will have to 
work with non-union stereotypers, 
pressmen, mailers, etc., or fight. It is 
a shrewd game, and the powerful typo- 
graphical union has been placed be- 
tween two fires. If it accepts the bosses* 
dictates the enmity of affiliated organi- 
zations will be aroused, and if it stands 
by the latter a strike may result. No 
doubt the managers are working under- 
handedly to destroy all the printing 
craft unions. This same managers* as- 
sociation is spreading to other cities. 

The cigar makers' unions of Chicago 
certainly appreciate the members of the 
fire department of that city, as shown 
by the following extract from a circular 
letter just issued to each member of 
the department: **At the last joint 
meeting of the four cigar makers' 
unions of this city the committee having 
in charge the use of the cigar makers' 
blue label was unanimously instructed 
to have made and presented to the vari- 
ous fire companies of this city a check- 
er-board, as evidence of our apprecia- 
tion of the generous support which the 
firemen, as a rule, have bestowed upon 
us. This support makes conspicuous 
your opposition to the baneful effect of 
the employment of school children as 
workers: to the use of tenement houses 
as workshops, and to the Chinese coo- 
lies and criminals as factors in the pro- 
duction of cigars. We believe a con- 
tinuation of your support will not only 
reflect the highest credit upon your 
judgment as citizens and humanitarians, 
but will finally result in great moral and 
financial benefit to the community as a 
whole, as well as to the workers in par- 
ticular, whose cause we sincerely hope 
pleads not in vain to you." 

uigitizea by 


UR war with Spain has been 
full of surprises, but perhaps 
its oddest outcome is that 
Uncle Sam now has all his 
holidays — not to mention 
other days — in duplicate. 

For this we have to thank Admiral 
Dewey. Territorial expansion has in- 
volved us in time expansion also. It is 
a curiously literal fulfillment of the 
Spaniard's dream of "manana." To-day 
is always to-morrow in the Philippines. 

This paradox of time leads to all 
sorts of queer consequences. The ca- 
blegrams received to-day are dated to- 
morrow. Only the breaking of the ca- 
ble at Manila prevented our hearing of 
Dewey's victory the day before the bat- 
tle was fought! 

If you should start at noon to-day 
and travel westward at the rate of about 
a thousand miles an hour, it would still 
be noon in every region you jjassed 
through all the way around the world. 
You would catch no glimpse of night; 
you would see no sunset and no sunrise. 

Yet when you reached home again, 
twenty-four hours later, it would be to- 

Proceeding in the opposite direction, 
you would, of course, get just the op- 
posite result. You would gain a day. 
apparently. All young folks remember 
the clever way in which Jules Verne 
took advantage of this fact in one of his 
most entertaining stories. 

The day of the month is a purely ar- 
bitrary arrangement. Nature does not 
define it. One day slides into another 
just as yarn goes round the reel. Yet 
it is necessary to make the change 
somewhere. So we draw an arbitrary 
line from north to south, on the one 
side of which it is to-day and on the 
other to-morrow, even in places not a 
mile apart. Theoretically tkere arc 
points where a single step would carry 
you from Sunday noon into the middle 
of Monday. 

This is the so-called date line. Here 
all ships as they cross drop or repeat a 
day, throwing your diary sadly out o( 
gear. Sailing eastward you go to bed 
Sunday evening, and when you rise \\\ 
the morning it is still Sunday. Suilinu 

slept till Tuesday, though you cot only 
your usual rest. 

The true date line is rarely shown on 
maps. The accompanying chart is there- 
fore worth preserving. 

Roughly, the course of the line is as 
follows: Starting at the north pole it 
passes through Behring Strait, then 
slants to the westward to clear the long 

toward the west, you find that you httNr I 

horn formed by the Aleutian chain of 
islands and give them the same day as- 
the United States, to which they belong. 

This accomplished, it returns to the 
one hundred and eightieth meridian 
and drops southward into the tropics, 
keeping far to the east of the Japanese 
>{ri>ni> and the Philippines, until it ap- 
proaches the latitude of the Fiji islands. 

A> those and some neighboring 
mroups helonv: to Great Britain and do 
Intsiness chieny with her Australian col- 
tnncs. the date line here makes a sud- 
drn Hwerve eastward, so as not to cm- 
banass the local commerce with a 
chanKc o\ day. 

When we mirchased .\laska we an- 
nrvnl the Siberian day. which at that 
\\\\\c \'\\\ wwo the American continent, 
ihnuksh ooiMipying a remote and deso- 
rttr iruiou. We quickly revised the 

uigiiized by 



date line, however, to suit our own cpn- to suppose that this absurd practice is 

venience. still maintained. A statement to th^t 

The case of the Philippines is sin- effect appeared in a well-known maga- 

gular. For a long time they enjoyed zine not many years ago. But in 184^$ 

the American day, though the Asiatic the much-needed change was made by 

calendar prevailed all around them, thus Narciso Claveria, then governor-general 

dragging the date line far out of its and archbishop, the 31st of December 

natural course. of that year being dropped from the 

Some who ought to know better seem calendar. 

How A Mix Up Looks. 

Digitized by 






I LADY relates how, all unin- 
tentionally, she was made to 
become a thief and con- 
science - stricken creature 
through attending at the bar- 
gain counter while the pres- 
ent ''gigantic sales" are on. She 
started out to buy one or two 
small articles, but found to her 
dismay that hundreds of others had 
started out before with the same inten- 
tion. Her first essay was at the leather- 
belt counter. Before it stood many 
women in double rank and file. They 
were unwinding belts, measuring them 
with their eyes, winding them up again, 
and laying them back on the counter. 
The shop girls volunteered a remark 
now and then to these waiting women 
while they busied themselves with sein- 
ing belts to a few favored ones who had 
arrived before breakfast and refused to 
leave until they got what they wanted. 
"I stood outside the row until at last 
somebody went away. Then I moved 
up and looked at the belts myself. I 
should like a patent leather belt with a 
silver buckle,* I said timidly to one of 
the shop girls who passed at that mo- 
ment. She was waiting on some one 

" 'We had a special sale of patent 
leather belts the day before yesterday,' 
she said, *and sold them all out. We 
won't have any more in till the middle 
of next month. Ca-s-s-s-s-sh! Ca-s-s-s- 
s-sh, here.' 

•*I was not much surprised. That was 
just my luck. I invariably arrived two 
days after a special sale or a week too 

" 'Have you a green leather belt, 
then?* I murmured, more timidly than 
ever, 'with a gold buckle.' 

•* 'No,' said the girl, 'we haven't. 
Ca-s-s-sh. Our stock of belts has run 
down. Ca-a-a-a-sh. And we won't have 
in a new supply till spring. Ca-s-s-sh. 
Ca-a-a-s-s-sh, here.' 

"Then that settled the question of the 
belts. I would have to wait until spring. 

Mine was old. The buckle was tar- 
nished and the leather was worn, but 
there was no help for it. Well, anyway, 
I could congratulate myself upon the 
fact that I was economizing, and I 
could tell all my friends that circum- 
stances over which I had no control pre- 
vented the purchase of a new belt, and 
explain the circumstances. If they had 
any penetration at all they could easily 
discover that it was not my fault. I 
consulted my little book. The next 
item on it was gloves. I deferentially 
approached the fioor-walker. 'Where 
shall I find the glove counter?' I in- 
quired. At the same time my coun- 
tenance broken into a propitiating 
smile. He gave me directions that 
sounded like a recipe for plum pudding, 
but, finally ravelling them out, I found 
the counter and the gloves. 

" *I should like a pair of suede 
gloves,' I ventured. 
" 'What number?' 
" 'Number six.' 

"She turned her head critically side- 
wise and looked at my hand. 

" 'I think you must be mistaken,* said 
she. 'Your hand looks as if you might 
wear a six and a quarter if not a six and 
a half.* 

"I had been buying gloves for that 
hand for some years. 'No,* said I, 
firmly, 'I don't wear any larger size. I 
am sure I don't.' Still, when she looked 
at me like that, I wasn't so sure as I 
might have been. However, I endeav- 
ored to put on a brave front. 

" 'I know I wear a number six,' I 
reiterated. 'Why, once I even wore a 
five-and-three-quarters.' By this time 
I had taken to stammering. 

" *I suppose you know best,' she said 
coolly, in a tone which implied that she 
knew I didn't know best. 'What color?* 
" 'Gray,' I replied at a venture. Real- 
ly. I didn't know whether I knew what 
color I wanted or not. I was also be- 
ginning, in spite of my bravery, to be 
more and more at sea in regard to the 
size. She vanished beneath the counter 
for a brief moment, drew out a large fiat 
box, appeared once more above the 

uigitized by 




surface, opened the box and took out 
a pair of gloves. I was somewhat 
amazed to discover that they were gray» 
the color I had asked for. 

" 'What size?' she asked once more. 

" *Six/ I stammered again, dizzy with 
wondering whether she thought I had 
given place to another customer during 
the period of her submergence, or if 
she was only trying to get me hopelessly 
muddled in regard to the size. 

" 'Your hand,* she began. 

" I know,' I interrupted her, 'it looks 
large, quite large, but I wear a six.' She 
slowly removed the tissue paper from a 
pair of the gloves and handed them to 

■' 'Will you stretch them for me?' I 

" *No,' said she in a tone of deter- 
mination. *We don't stretch gloves.* 

*'OhI' I exclaimed. You won't 
stretch it for me?' 

* *No,* she replied; *not at that price.' 

•* *How am I going to tell anything 
about it?' I asked in despair, 'if you 
know it won't stretch and I am not so 
certain now that I come to think of it 
that I do wear a six?' 

" *I am sure I don't know,* she an- 
swered in so indifferent a tone that my 
blood congealed and cold chills ran 
briskly up and down my spinal column. 

" Then I am afraid I can*t take them,' 
said I. She folded the gloves in the 
tissue paper once more, and laying them 
back in the box put the box under 
the counter. 

*• 'As you please,' said she. And I 
was dismissed. 

•*I consulted my memorandum book 
as I wandered disconsolately down the 
aisle. The next item was a handker- 
chief. The floor-walker directed me to 
the handkerchief counter, which I found 
with less difficulty. The shop girls were 
exceedingly busy. They rushed hither 
and thither, waiting on the crowd. 
Everybody appeared to have selected 
that particular day to buy handker- 
chiefs. I drew a handkerchief box to- 
ward me and looked at the top one. I 
liked it. I looked up at the girl. 'What 
is the ' I began. 

*' 'Ca-s-s-sh!' she yelled. 

*' What is the price ' I began 


"I'll wait on you directly,' said she, 
and with that she fled to the far end of 
the counter, hid herself behind a pile of 
handkerchiefs and a dozen or so of cus- 
tomers, and I saw her no more. I cor- 
ralled another. How much is this,' I 

** 'I'll wait on you directly/ she shout- 
ed as she passed me on the fly. 

•I knew how that was by this time. 
It was her busy day. I never laid eyes 
on her again. I fingered the handker- 
chief and sighed. I wanted it awfully, 
but how was I to get it? There was 
the money in my pocketbook to pay for 
it if 1 only knew the price. They 
wouldn't tell me the price, they wouldn't 
wait on me, they wouldn't let me buy it. 
I gathered it up. How pretty it looked 
with the ends sticking out and the mid- 
dle all crumpled up in my hand! They 
wouldn't let me buy a belt or a pair of 
gloves. Surely they would let me buy 
the handkerchief. How much is this 

handker ' I began again as another 

shopgirl alighted for a second in my 

*• 'I'll tell ydu soon,' said she. 'I'm 
busy now. Ca-s-s-sh!' 

I sighed again. I wanted the hand- 
kerchief that very day. I was going to 
a little party in the evening, and I 
wanted to carry it. I stuck it in my 
muff just to see how it would look. It 
had a very fetching look there. I wished 
somebody would come along and sell 
it to mc. At that moment a girl came 
up. , 

" 'Have you got what you wanted? 
she asked. 

"I gasped as I looked down at the 
handkerchief sticking out of my muff. 
Yes, I had got what I wanted, but how 
was I to explain how I had gotten it? 
I began to shake. I thought the gir! 
looked at me suspiciously. 

* 'Have you been waited on?* she 
asked, and the tone of her voice was 
sharp. I was past speaking. She turned 
disgustedly away and proceeded to wait 
on another customer. And there I was 
with the stolen handkerchief sticking 
out of my muff! If I put it back they 
would all see me. Besides, it was wrin- 
kled up. How could I straighten it 
out and put it back in the box with the 
crowd looking on? I couldn't. If I did 
I would be denounced at once as a re- 
pentant thief and locked up, because no 
matter how repentant a thief you are 
you are always locked up. 

•*I moved away from the counter and 
along the aisle. I encountered the floor- 
walker. He knew me by this time. I 
had been there all day. 

" 'Did you get what vou wanted?* he 
inquired urbanely enough now that it 
was all over, and I was branded for life, 
in my own eyes at least, as a thief. 

" 'Yes,' I panted, and I sped past him 
for fear he would read my guilt in my 

Digitized by 


1 62 


eye. I rushed outside. There on the 
corner of the street was a huge police- 
man. I think in all my life I have never 
seen so large a policeman. He looked 
sternly at me. I held my breath as I 
went by him. Of course he saw the hand- 
kerchief sticking out of my muflf. How 
could he help it? I felt the handcuffs 
clanking on my wrists. I boarded the 
car, sat down and took to trembling. 
Everybody in the car was all eyes and 
those eyes were fixed on me, particu- 
larly those of the conductor. Finally 
the reason of this penetrated my brain. 
I had failed to pay my fare. Coming 
to myself I handed it over, whereupon 
he removed his eyes and fastened them 
upon the latest arrival, who had also 
failed to pay her fare. The handker- 
chief burned my fingers, but, after all, 
was it my fault? It appeared to me 
that I had been the victim of circum- 
stances. A pretty young girl boarded 
the car. She took a seat by me. As 
she did so she glanced admiringly at 
the handkerchief. She sat bv me for 
ten or fifteen minutes. Then she left the 
car. I felt for the handkerchief. It was 
gone! I breathed a sigh of relief that 
she had admired it so much as that, got 
off the car at the next street and walked 
the rest of the way home. I needed the 
fresh air." 
Racine, Wis., Feb. 14, 1899. 


By M. B. S. 

Nobody sits in the little armchair. 

It stands in a corner dim. 
But a white-haired mother gasin? there. 

And yearningly thinkingr of him. 
Sees through the dust of the long ago. 

The bloom of her boy's sweet face. 
As he rocks so merrily to and fro 

With a laugh that cheers the place. 

Sometimes he holds a book in his hand. 

Sometimes a pencil and slate. 
And the lesson is hard to understand. 

And the figures hard to make; 
But she sees the nod of his father's head. 

So proud of the little son. 
And she hears the words so often said — 

"No fear for our little one." 

They were wonderful days, the de&r 
sweet days. 

When a child with sunny hair 
Was hers to scold, to kiss and praise. 

At her knee in the little chair; 
She lost him back in the busy years. 

When the great world caught the man. 
And he strode away past hopes and fears 

To his place in the battle's van. 

But now and then in a wistful dream. 

Like a picture out of date. 
She sees the head with a golden gleam 

Bent over a pencil and slate; 
And she lives again the happy day. 

The day of her young life's spring. 
When the small armchair stood Just in 
the way. 

The center of everything. 

XHk ^bW 


A hobo tramp comes lounging in, 

A sorry sight at best. 
A tale of woe he tells to me 

Of sickness and distress. 
Of the I. A. of M. he highly speaks 

And tries most awful hard 
To work the sympathetic, but— 

He hasn't got a card! 

My hobo friend, in vain you plead. 

Try some other man to blow; 
I've heard these woeful tales before— 

I cannot swallow more. 
Tour tale is slick, and well it's put- 
Argument good and logic hard- 
Do not waste your time with me 
Unless you hav* a card! 

Newcastle, Pa. 

Digitized by 


HE Oceanic, unlike the Great 
Eastern, which was launched 
broadside, was launched stern 
foremost, though longer and 
weighing half as much again 
as the Great Eastern. She 
has a coal carrying capacity sufficient to 
enable her to circumnavigate the globe 
at a speed of twelve knots an hour with- 
out recoaling. 

The Oceanic is not only the largest 
ship now afloat, but she is larger than 

ever, naval architects and constructors 
took courage and gradually increased 
the length of their vessels, until the size 
of the Great Eastern was gradually ap- 
proached. The Kaiser Wilhelm closely 
pushed the record holding ships in 
length, and now comes the Oceanic to 
surpass it. But although the Oceanic 
beats the Great Eastern for length the 
Great Eastern will for a while, at least, 
hold the record for other dimensions. 
Fifty years ago steam ships depended on 

any ship ever built by the hand of man. 
The new liner is 704 feet long. Next to 
her of ships now in use, ranks the Kai- 
ser Wilhelm der Grosse, which is 648 
feet long. The greatest predecessor of 
the Oceanic was the Great Eastern, but 
the former exceeds the latter in length 
twenty-four feet. 

The Great Eastern was launched 
about half a century ago and was for 
a time one of the seven wonders of the 
world. The romancer, Jules Verne, 
wrote a book about the big ship's first 
passage across the Atlantic. He called 
the story ''A Floating Island." -But so 
great was the failure of the huge, un- 
manageable mass of moving matter that 
shipbuilders predicted that never again 
would an attempt be made to construct 
such a big vessel. By degrees, how- 

sails for some of their speed, and the 
greater bulk of the old vessel is thus ex- 
plained. The Great Eastern could not 
go more than ten or eleven knots an 
hour. Her depth and beam were much 
greater than those of the Oceanic and 
lier tonnage proportionately larger. A 
table of comparison between tne two 
ships is of interest: 

Oceanic. Gt. East'n. 

Feet. Feet. 

Length 704 680 

Breadth 68 8V '. 

Depth 44 58 

Tonnage (approxi- 
mate) 17,040 22,500 

Speed (knots) ii 

The lines of the Oceanic are a clear 
indication that speed was one of the 

uigitizea by VjOOQIC 



chief considerations in her construction. 
Her horse power is 45,000, while that of 
the Great Eastern was 17,000. 

What speed the new sea boat will be 
able to put up is not discussed by the 
owners. They say, however, that she 
will arrive at New York every alternate 
Wednesday morning. This will make 
her trip across the ocean six days. The 
time could probably be cut by putting 
on more power, but the owners do not 
believe that the extra coal consumption 
and consequent wear and tear will com- 
pensate for the glory of the shorter 
voyage. Then, too. the Oceanic is' a 
record-breaker already. 

The four steamers in order of size 

after the Oceanic and Kaiser Wilhelm 
der Grosse are the following: 

Length. Beam. Tonnage. 

Campania 625 65 13.000 

Lucania 620 64 12,950 

Majestic 582 57 10.000 

St. Louis 554 63 16,000 

The Campania was launched in 1892 
and at that time it was believed she 
would be the limit to the ambition of 
steam navigation companies and of 
builders, but as we have seen even the 
Great Eastern passed, why venture the 
prediction that the Oceanic will hold 
the record for any great length of time? 


Digitized by 


• f • 

• r 

.• I. •• 

) . 

... . I 

W f \ .. 

« 1 

«•« » - ... ,. 1 » 


m^» - !•# ;.••• 


• •'*}- »* ■ • ' 

' ft 

ttm^ V » • « ; 

. m m % 

^iV ■••«.« »w<i|[ 

TV -<*i •*-* • 

fli^ « •* '1 - 


i»««. «•• 'f 

• ' »• 

fi0*« ft 

' • 

v%- • * ' • 

«»•• ■<•• 1 • •♦ 



•ai. -4 •'■* 


^^ •.# * 

»• -I .♦ 

1 A 

Digitized by 


s • ^ U 


most be read by Local Secretaries at flrtt meetiflg 

■ ^ ^>^ li^ltar most be read by JjocaU Secretai 
^ ;ibc«r Lo^K^ after the date of pnblication 

' it Chicago. 


, of which 
per year in 

Id be made 

d, the old 
e given. 
1 Indicates 

iddress W. 

, Ohio. 

: addressed 

s . x^^f^i amendments to the consti- 

.// submitted by Bellamy Lodge, 

\A AV<. of Chicago, 111.: 


^v 1. Change the numbers of Sec. 5 

. j Arf III to Sec. 7 and 8, Art. Ill; 

**"L!i« S^ 1 2. 3, and 4. Art. III. by 

"I* f^nowmg sii sections to be known 

;^^S^" 1^2 1 4; 5 and 6, Art. III. 


Qs.n 2 The officers of the grand lodge 

u ii'nnnMlst of a grand master machln- 

ut" who shall be chief^organizer; a grand 

foreman, who shall be editor: a grand 

^trjorv-treasurer. and an executive 

bTardwhlcT shall consist of nve (5) 

«?^hprs no two of whom shall be 

Hlc"ed%m any one district, and who 

^m:\ be working at the trade or a sal- 

TrYed officer whose time Is fully occupied 

for the association, except In case where 

a member has been discriminated 

*ftA*r *3. Any member In good standing 
shfiSl be eligible to any office in the 

^*Sao 4*^ The appropriation or disposition 
nf Rli or any of the funds of this grand 
lodge shall be by roll call and open vote. 
«i follows: On the name of each dele- 
SSte being called, he shall arise in his 
place and vote yea or nay aloud, as the 

*^^he vote thus taken shall be recorded 
bv the grand secretary-treasurer when a 
roll call vote Is demanded, otherwise a 
viva voce vote shall be deemed sufficient, 
said vote to be recorded. Any one dele- 
gate has the right to demand a roll call. 

Sec 5. It shall be the duty of the 
general executive board to divide all local 
lodges under the jurisdiction of the grand 
lodge into no less than twelve (12) dis- 
tricts or more than twenty-five (25) elec- 
tion districts, said districts to be as com- 
pact geographically as possible, and to 
contain as near as possible the same 
number of lodges. And it shall revise the 
election districts every two years there- 

after and the revision printed in the 
Journal (3) three months prior to the call 
of nominations. 

The election of grand lodgre officers shall 
proceed as follows: "All local lodges in 
each election district at the first regular 
meeting In January convention year, of 
which meeting and its purposes each 
member in ' good standing shall have at 
least eight days' notice; shall nominate 
by ballot four (4) resident members, one 
for the office of grand master machinist: 
one for grand foreman and editor; one 
for grand secretary- treasurer; and one 
for general executive board. All nomi- 
nations to be mailed to grand secretary- 
treasurer and must reach headquarters 
not later than Jan. 25. Any and all nom- 
inations received by the grand secretary- 
treasurer after that date to be canceled 
by him and returned to the lodge from 
whence they came. 

Sec. 6. It shall be the duty of the grand 
secretary-treasurer to canvass all nomi- 
nations received from each separate dis- 
trict, and in case no four (4) candidates 
in any one district receive a majority of 
all votes cast for the respective offices for 
which they were nominated, the grand 
secretary-treasurer shall announce the 
result . back to said election district, 
dropping all names but the three highest, 
or four If there be a tie for third place. 
They to be balloted for again at the next 
regular meeting, said meeting to be called 
according to instructions in Section 5. 
Article III (eight days' notice). The first 
ballot, with circulars on which to record 
the result of the second ballot, must be 
mailed by the grand secretary-treasurer 
to all lodges on or before February 6 
following the date quoted In Section 5. 
Article III. and must be returned to the 
grand secretary-treasurer not later than 
February 20 to be canvassed and re-dls- 
tributed by him to the order at large in 
circular form containing the names of all 
nominees, with blank spaces for ballots, 
on or before March 1. Each lodge to biU- 
lot thereon at Its regular meeting (a 
called meeting) after the receipt of the 
same. The result must reach headquar- 
ters on or before March 20 to be included 
In the first Jurisdiction count. 

The five nominees for the general ex- 
ecutive board receiving the highest num- 
ber of votes on the first ballot of the 
regular election shall be declared elected. 

If any nominee for any grand lodge 
office receives a majority of all votes 
cast for said office he shall be declared 
elected. All ballots to reach headquar- 
ters not later than April 1. 

If none have a majority all shall be 
dropped but the three highest for each 
office, or four if a third place Is tied. 

The second ballot shall be mailed by the 
grand secretary-treasurer not later than 
April 10, to be balloted on at the first 
meeting after received (a called meeting). 

uigiiizea oy ' 




All retuniB to be in the grand seore- 
tary-treasurer's hands on or before May 
U) to be counted by him and issued in cir- 
cular form, one copy to each local lodgre, 
on or before May 16. 

The foresoiniT amendments shall be 
conducted by the grand secretary-treas- 
urer and local secretaries according to 
Sections 7, 8. 9, 10 and 11 of Article I. 

The above proposed amendments 
have been indorsed by the following 
lodges: Nos. 55, 106, 134, 187, I95» 245 
and 304. 

Have you filled out Circular No. 30? 
If not, do so at once, and return it to 
headquarters. In case you have not re- 
ceived the circular drop me a postal 
card and another one will be forwarded. 

During my travels, I have noticed 
that a large number of members pay 
their dues, and in many cases stamps 
are not placed in the books. The rea- 
sons assigned are that the member has 
left his book at home or the financial 
secretary has run out of stamps. The 

cards are punched, showing the brother 
has paid his dues, but stamps are not 
used. By a continuance of this method, 
the accounts of the local lodge and the 
Grand Lodge would never balance, re- 
sulting in a large discrepancy in the 
stamp accounts. 

The financial secretaries are hereby 
instructed not to issue any new cards 
to members unless they produce their 
books, showing that stamps have been 
canceled up to date. The due book is 
the only authorized document, show- 
ing the standing of members, and any • 
member who has paid monthly or quar- 
terly dues for which no stamps have 
been canceled in his book, will, without 
delay, call upon the secretary to prop- 
erly place stamps in his book showing 
all payments. 

G. M. M. 


In the course of two short months we 
shall again be assembled in convention 
for the purpose of perfecting the present 
machinery of government, or perhaps 
radically changing the same for some 
other new fangled ideas. The drastic 
remodeling of our constitution at Kan- 
sas City, and the opposition exhibited 
thereto by the rank and file (especially 
from those sections not directly repre- 
sented in the convention), caused me to 
believe that there would be no lack of 
amendments when the time for as- 
sembling at Buffalo drew near; conse- 
quently, I experience some surprise at 
the continued silence of our members. 

Whatever mav be done at Buffalo 1 
hope the convention will steer clear of 
costly experiments, that the delegates 
will bear in mind that a large number 
of our secretaries often find it neces- 
sary to change their addresses, and that 
their successors in a large number of 
cases, need considerable posting before 
they are able to perform their duties to 
their own satisfaction. 

The more complex the machinery, the 
more experience necessary for its ma- 
nipulation, and the more costly to take 
care of. It should, therefore, be our ob- 
ject to simplify as far as possible, rather 
than to complicate our system of gov- 

The Cincinnati convention saw fit in 
its wisdom (?) to institute the card num- 
ber system, and after four years of hard 

work on the part of our local secre- 
taries, the expenditure of part of my 
time, and the monopolization of a large 
part of the time of one of my able assist- 
ants (Mrs. Hall), I am tempted to ask 
the question, what good does it accom- 
plish? Were this question put to the 
individual members, I am satisfied the 
answer in a large number of cases would 
be "damphino," while the secretaries 
would reply, that it was a scheme de- 
vised to occupy their leisure time that 
might be more profitably employed. 

When this system was introduced, all 
kinds of results were promised from its 
adoption. For instance, that it would 
systematize the membership on local 
lodge books; that it would prevent a 
misunderstanding between two John 
Smiths in the same lodge; that in case 
Jim Jones scabbed in Toledo, we would 
be able to follow him to Texas, etc. 

Now, while I am willing to grant that 
the system is theoretically correct, I 
have no hesitation in saying that in 
practice it is a miserable failure, and a 
costly one at that. While the system 
was new, the secretaries could go right 
on assigning numbers without much dif- 
ficulty; although it was never of any 
assistance, it did not hamper them 
much, and when the^ desired to look up 
a member (providing they knew his 
card number) they could turn at once 
to his name, and quote his standing 
without hesitation, but as soon as an in- 
terchange of cards was effected, and the 
hundreds became mixed with the thou- 
sands, and tens of thousands, the value 

uigiiizea by 


1 68 


of the system at once vanished, and they 
had again to fall back on the index of 
the ledger to find the name, with the ad- 
ditional trouble of noting his card num- 
ber. And right here, it would be well 
to say that when secretaries write the 
name of a brother who has been initiat- 
ed or reinstated, no matter how poor 
the penmanship, the name can generally 
be deciphered with ease, but set the 
same man to work copying card num- 
bers, and the chances are that he will 
transpose some of them; indeed, it is 
very often done by some of those we re- 
gard as our most capable secretaries. 
Some time ago a strike payroll was sent 
in with nearly one-third of the names of 
those entitled to benefits not in good 
standing on our book, and after investi- 
gation, it was found that errors in copy- 
ing card numbers covering a period of 
two years was responsible for the deal, 
notwithstanding the fact that the entire 
membership of this lodge had been 
checked up a short time prior to the 

Now, let us suppose that John Doe at 
Cleveland moves to Denver and goes to 
work in a shop. A card is a necessity. 
The usual questions are asked, and the 
secretary of the Denver lodge is in- 
structed to write to Cleveland and find 
out all about John Doe. Now, it so 
happens that there are on the books of 
the Cleveland lodge two brothers named 
John Doe, both of whom are in bad 
standing and supposedly away from the 
city, the reputation of one being good 
while a member, the other marked ex- 
pelled for scabbing in 1896. The Cleve- 
land secretary will warn Denver how to 
act: if his card number is so and so, he 
is O. K. and will be reinstated. If his 
number is something else, he is a scab. 
The Denver secretary is suspicious; he 
asks the brother for his old card: the 
card has been lost. The brother is held 
off for weeks, perhaps months, mean- 
while being looked upon as worse than 
criminal, and if he is honest, will quit in 
a "huff," and not be heard from until 
he strikes another union shop. If it is 
really John Doe, the scab, he holds you 
off long enough to get a stake, laughs in 
your face, and goes his way. and the 
number system does not aid you one 
iota in identification. 

The foregoing instance is one of the 
worst combinations which the card 
number system is supposed to make 
easy of solution but, as a matter of fact, 
it only makes a bad case worse, inas- 
much as if the man in Denver was the 
one you are looking for he would not 
be John Doe at all. As for a card num- 
ber, he would be totally ignorant that 

such system was in vogue. A case in 
point was published in last month's 
Journal, — "an all-around dead beat'* 
struck Tacoma, Wash., when the lodge 
was about to reorganize, took part in 
the work, was anxious to get straight- 
ened up in his lodge, worked two 
weeks, got a stake, jumped the town 
without paying his bills, taking all valu- 
ables belonging to his roommate that he 
could lay his hands on, and his card 
number is not yet known to us, if he 
had one. 

Why continue a system which, if 
faithfully carried out, brings no benefit, 
but only causes endless werk? 

Let us now glance at a few of the 
possibilities for error. First, the trans- 
position of figures, which expert book- 
keepers are often guilty of; second, 
secretaries exceeding their assignment, 
which very often happens, and cards 
given out in this way are very difficult 
to call in and rectify: third, the giving 
of new numbers to reinstated members; 
fourth, dropped members working in 
towns where lodges are being organ- 
ized, going in as new members for a 
charter fee to save trouble and addi- 
tional expense that would be entailed 
by being reinstated in their own lodge, 
again receiving new numbers; fifth, the 
difficulty experienced in looking up a 
man who was transferred through sev- 
eral lodges, the last he was a member of 
going out of existence, he in many 
cases being unable to tell the lodge that 
assigned him his number, thus neces- 
sitating correspondence with several 
different points: sixth, the difficulty we 
experience (owing to transfers and 
numbers being dropped) in figuring the 
exact membership in good standing of 
any particular lodge by the Grand 
Lodge book, as well as other consider- 
ations, too numerous to mention here, * 
— all these reasons influence me to 
recommend to the next convention to 
abolish the number system, and author- 
ize the next general secretary-treasurer 
to inaugurate an index card system, for 
use in the Grand Lodge office, that will 
keep the good standing members in 
each lodge together in index form, as 
well as an arrangement of suspended 
and dropped members in separate lots, 
mdexcd according to states, towns, etc. 
Thus, all information regarding the 
membership will readily be obtained, 
and avoid the useless red tape and hard 
labor essential to a continuance of the 
number system. 

I trust the delegates will go to Buf- 
falo prepared to handle this and many 
other questions affecting our organiza- 


Digitized by 




In explanation of the delays and 
le few errors that have occurred re- 
V. I desire to explain that one of 
liable assistants — Miss Goedke — 
absent for seven weeks, suffer- 
1 severe attack of pneumonia. 
ii< time we have done the best 
1 il. part of the time alone, the 
' :; itnder assisted by the services of 
^rangers. The nature of our work, 
however, is such as to render it diffi- 
cult for outsiders to readily adapt them- 
selves to the business, consequently 
some of our secretaries have experi- 
enced some disappointment in not re- 
ceiving as prompt attention as we are 
in the habit of giving them. I am glad 
to say the young lady has returned 
completely recovered, and we shall now 
be able to transact our business in ac- 
cordance with our old-time dispatch. 


I am pleased to report that the re- 
cent trouble between our association 
and the Smith Manufacturing Company 
of Milwaukee, Wis., has been adjusted 
to the satisfaction of all concerned. 
Fourteen men walked out of the die 
room two weeks ago in opposition to 
the employment of an obnoxious fore- 
man named Jerry Bingham. On the 
i6th I was called to Milwaukee, and on 
arrival there found that, owing to the 
efforts of Bro. Jas. A. Reynolds, the 
trouble had been practically adjusted, 
the firm already having announced its 
intention of removing the obnoxious 
foreman. Accompanied by Bro. Rey- 
nolds, I waited on the company, and. 
after a short interview, we succeeded in 
arranging for the return of the men as 
soon as work could be mapped out for 
them, merely specifying that the chair- 
man of the strike committee be among 
the first to return. This the company 
readily agreed to, as well as agreeing to 
meet a committee and thereby avoid 
differences of this character in the 

The following were members of 
Lodge No. yz^ Huntington, W. Va., 
who recently disbanded that lodge, ap- 
propriating the funds, amounting to 
$14.68 each. These men have been no- 
tified to refund th& same, and have been 
given due time, but have failed to do 
so. We hereby warn lodges not to 
accept any of these cards without first 
communicating with the Grand Lodge: 
Henry Burke (3651), John Chambers 
(3653). S. G. Elliott (3661), J. M. Fos- 
ter (3662). J. W. Kinzer (3664), J. J. 

Leitch (3665), G. W. Smith (3670), 
W. G. Hineman (3689). R. W. Turney 


Chicagcw Jan. 39, 1899. 
To oar Representatives in the United 
States senate : 
At meeting held Jan. 14, 1899J by 
Liberty Lodge No. 229, I. A. of M., the 
fbllowing resolutions were passed : 

Whereas. The Bisht-Hour Bill (known as H. 
R. 738Q) now pending in the United States senate 
is ofvital importance to all mechanics, workmen 
and laborers, therefore t>e it 

Resolved, That we. the memt>ers of Liberty 
Lodge No. 329. 1. A. of M.. do hereby ask 3ron, as 
our representative in the United States senate, 
to do all in your power for the paasage of said bill 
(H. R. 7389). In doing so you will confer a favor 
upon the machinist and all the working people 
of the stale of lUinois. JOHN BBATON, 

The giving of premiums by this de- 
partment for the securing of new mem- 
bers will be discontinued after April 
1st next. _J 

Stay away from Birmingham, Ala. 
Wages very low and union men look- 
ing for jobs. 

Fort Worth, Tex., in the same condi- 
tion. Give it a wide berth. 

W. S. Hammett, secretary of No. 7, 
had his house broken into recently and 
several articles of value stolen, among 
them a gold watch (No. 43,341,512) and 
one I. A. of M. punch. We give the 
watch number, as it may serve to iden- 
tify the thief and holder of the punch. 

Samuel Carson of No. 217 lost his 
card — No. 20,363 — at Philadelphia, Pa. 

Any one having the address of A. L. 
Myers will please communicate with the 
secretary of No. 134. 

The application of Jas. J. Lee of 
West Superior, Wis., was rejected by 
No. 343. 

J. J. Collins (25,824) and Thos. B. 
Gillis (25,739) have been expelled from 
No. 264 for working overtime below 
the scale. 

Jas. L. Davis, card No. 35.166, has 
been expelled from Hudson Valley 
Lodge, No. 415, for conduct unbecom- 
ing a member. 

Fred Gable, card No. 30,376. has been 
expelled from No. 186, of Baltimore, 
Md., for unbecoming conduct. 

D. A. Raymond of No. 191. Grand 
Rapids, Mich., has been dropped for 
not returning money he borrowed. 

Digitized by 




Pm AHCiAi, Statbmsitt, Moitth Bndino January 31, 1899. 


i *^- 

1 10.00 




















♦ 8.75 




50.00 , 114 







7 50 


>5 50 1 117 
37.50 iiS 








10 00 




II. 21 





20 00 

14.30 122 



9.65 j 







25.20 125 











19.50 126 




45 00 




iiite 1 


11.20 1 127 
8.05 ' 128 



23.50 1 







• 213 





54 50 




10.00 134 










22.40 137 






12 55 


a 45 

6.95 1 


30.00 |!:aa6 

90.53 j, 304 



14 50 




83.S8 1 


10.00 229 

18.00 ' 312 

1 418 

10 00 





34.10 ; 230 

50.60 3M 


; 422 






ar.25 233 

37 00 3«7 







3350 I 




35.00 ,! 340 


1 434 

425 00 




17.00 ; 153 , 


32.50 i| 343 







4 90 ] 159 1 
II 00 II 161 . 

25 13 


26.35 J 34t 









64.90 I 347 






8.80 h 163 : 
10.50 \\ 168 



7.35 ■! 348 

15.00 ,1 349 







14.25 '1 170 ■ 



44.90 351 




a. 10 


.40 |i 173 


20.00 { 353 






42 95 ' 174 



70.10 i 354 



ICiaceUaneoua Receipt*— 

Prom lodffea. 14. 119 53 

District No. 9 .25 

By iodiTidual dues 43-55 

Cards of deposit 36.00 

Pina and buttons 24 00 

Journal subscriptions 6.00 

Total 14 229 33 


Office rent — % 50.00 

Gas 60 

Postal Telegraph Co 9.70 

officesnppUes 5.00 

Easrle Stamp Works 25 

Office towels 100 

Officesupplies 1.80 

Desk blotters 50 

Postage for the month 6050 

Bxpreas bills 7.71 

Mr*. Hall, stenographer 48.00 

Miss Brown, clerk 1450 

Miss Leonard, clerk 600 

Miss Marchand. clerk 3.^0 

Miss Harris, clerk 1520 

P. Alden 15 00 

I 239 26 

Jaa. O'Connell, salary and ex* 

penses 255.00 

Geo. Preston 12429 

StnartReid 125.00 

Henry Smith 170.00 

A. W. Holmes 26.00 

$ 700 29 

HolUater Brothers— 

ist quarter cards % 1925 

2000 envelopes and printing ... 4.00 

Pass word cards 2.25 

8. D. Oiilds & Co 1.50 

C. C. Darling & Co., pins and 

buttons 52.80 

One dozen ink pads 75 

% B0.55 

Denver, No. 47 (P. M.Davis Co.) 5375.00 


A. Zeese & Co., engraving % 3.95 

January iaane 4»4.75 

Bill hea'ls and affidavits 4.50 

25 bonnd copies 12.50 

D.D. Wilson, editor s salary... 110.00 

Death Benefits- 
Thomas McBride. No. 184 50.00 

Chas. Seibt, No. 70 50.00 

Ed. Rnane. No. 55 50.00 

L. L. Wilcox, No. 184 50.00 


Dues Tranafers— 
Charge No. 82 to No. 83. 


17 ' 








" 230 

' '• 174 

" 197 

'* 152 

*• 47 

*' 5> 

" 36 

:; |;;e 

" 233 

% 200.00 

2 00 







1 50 

2 45 

% 12.15 




Balance on hand Jan. i, 1899 $6,497.86 

Receipta for the month 4.229.33 

Total $10,727.19 

Diabofvements 2,152.95 

Balance on hand Peb. i, 1899 $8,574.24 

Digitized by 





No. of 








No. of 









- From 
>f Lodge 
• NO. 




No. of 




















G. L. 












G. I*. 
























1*745 •. 






















































S3JI" • 



14010 .. 








i^ *■ 








.. G. L. 

































































































































:: % 


















■:. 4 










































I 3.15 











I 3.50 
3 50 















37705. .. 





; 3533... 








C. 5.-7. 

Digitized by 



St. Paul, Miaa.. Feb. 13, 1899. 
At tlic regular meetlog of St. Paul Lodge No. xia, I. A. of M., on tlie above date, the Ibllowiag 
retolatioaa were imaoiauNHly adopted : 

Resolved^ That we tender to tbe reiatsres of onr beloved brother, Oacar M. Green, onr profa nn d 

•▼mpathy and respect in tbe bonr wbcn tbe dood of aorrow hovers overthem. and aaanre them i 
their griel and aorrow that thcr do not moorn alone 

Raoived, That a copr of tbeae rcadntiona be forwarded to faia parenta, and alao a copy be tent 
to the JotrmHAL Cor pnblieation, and be it further 

/l£»0tved. That theae re«olntiona be apread on the minntea, and the charter be draped lor thirty 
dajrs. R. W. Jomta, Wm. K ScBAFsn, 

Wm. R. Nicoxx, Jr. Conunittee. 

St, Paul. Minn., Fd>. 13, 1899. 
At a regular nectiag of St. PanI Lodge No. zu. I. A. of M.. on the above date, the foUowing 
rcaolntiona were nnanimonalj adopted: 

WantBAS, God in hia infinite wiadom baa seen fit to call away the beloved wife of o«u> esteemed 
brother, Thomaa F. Thomaa, therefore be it 

Resolved, That we extend to onr bereaved brother and hia motherlem ^ildren our heartfelt 
t3rmpathy and aaaore them that they do not mourn alone. 

ResottJtd^ That we tend a copy oftheae rescrfmiona to the b er ea te d brother, and also to the Jotnt- 
K AL for nnbUcatlon. Be it further 

Resolved^ That these resolutions be spread on the minntea. 

R. W. T(»ffBa, Wm. F. Scbafbk, 

W. R. NicoLL, Jr., Committee. 

Nbwakk, O., Feb. 12, 1899. 

At a regular meeting of Licking Lodge No. 8a. L A. of M., the fcdlowing resolutions were adc^ed: 

WBcmBAS, Divine Providence has entered our fraternal circle and called from us our brother 
Isaac P. Bradman, and 

Whbkbas. This lodge baa lost a worthy brother; therefore be it 

Resolved, That we tender tbe bereaved family our most sincere sympathy in their affliction and 
sorrow, and be it further 

Resolved, In respect of our deceased brother, that our charter be draped for thirty days, a copy be 
sent the family of the deceased, a copy be tent to our JouRit al for publication, and a copy be placed 
upon our minntea. Geo. B. Billiivos. Willis F. Booos, 

Cbas. D. DEABDumPF, Committee. 

South Milwauksb, Wis.. Feb. 10, 1899. 
At a regular meeting of Meteor Lodge No. 432. 1. A. of M., the following resolutions were adopted: 
Whbrbas, Divine Providence haa removed from our midst our beloved brother, Prank Mooas. 

Whbbbas. This lodge has lost an earnest and efficient member, and bis family a loving husband 
and father, therefore be it 

Resolved, That we tender our sympathy to the bereaved family in this their hour of affliction; and 
be it further 

Resolved, That as a mark of respect these resolutions be spread on the minutes, and a copy be 
sent to the t>ereavcd famllv. and that our charter t>e draped for a period of thirty days, also that a 
copy be sent to the South Milwaukee News and to the Journal for publication. 

Frbd. WiLSOif, Gbbritt Verplankb, 

C. G. Phillips, Committee. 

Ft. Waykb, Feb. 16, 1899. 
At a regular meeting of Friendship Lodge No. 70, the following reaolutlons were adopted: 
Whbreas, It has been the will of Almighty God to call from our midst our beloved brother, 
Harry Hayes, be it 

Resolved, That the members of No. 70. 1. A. of M., extend our heartfelt ssrmpathy to the bereaved 
family in their great loss; and be it further 

Resolved, That our charter be draped in mourning for thirty days, and that a copy of these reso- 
lutions be sent to the bereaved family of the deceased, a copy to the Monthly Journal of our 
association, and a copy be spread on our minutes. 

Wm. H. Schultz, Chas. Taylor, 

Francis Saffbn, Committee. 

Grand Rapids, Feb. 16, 1899. 

At a regular meeting of Grand Rapids Lodge No. 191, held Feb. 14. 1899, the following resolu- 
tions were unanimously adopted: 

Whbreas, It has pleased Almighty God in His infinite wisdom to take from the home of our 
esteemed brother B. J. McMillan, both his beloved father and mother; be it 

Resolved, That we extend to our bereaved brother and his sorrowing family our most sincere sym- 
pathy in their affliction; and be it further 

Resolved, That these resolutions be spread on our minutes, a copy sent to the Journal for pub> 
li cation, and a copy to Brother McMillan. 

^s. B. LbMoorb, Wm. Hoch, 

M. Bj^bhoit, Comimttec. 

Digitized by' 





'oom 96oMonoii 

P. and Sditor 
.Uock, Chicago, ni. 

.., Room 950 Monon 


3*^7 Pulton St., Chicago, lU. 

: 207 I itb St.. Siottjc Citv, Iowa. 

:?, 39 Northcote Ave., Toronto, 

KID, 950 Monon Bldg., Cbicm|^, 

SMITH, 173 Willi* Ave.. New York 


John Benton, loSa W. zstb 8t, Chicago, HI. 
David BcTd, ^ High St. Bast, Detroit, Mich. 
R. I. Wiaier, Room 16, Club Bldg., Denver. Colo. 
G. G. Cameron, 903 B. isStb St., New York. 
W. H. Hawkins, 179 W. 4th St., Winona, Minn. 
B. G. Ladd. 49 B 8t. S. B.. Watbington, D. C. 
C I. Strine. 4^ W. Princeat St., York. Pa. 
ArUinr Holder, zax4 loth St., Sioux City, Iowa. 
G. V. Moore, 306 VaUej St.. Providence, R. I. 
W. H. MUi<9rd;509 Hanover St., BalUmore. Md. 
Its. A. Reynolds, 99 Howell Ave., Milwaukee, 


Wm. Rebbing, 14 N. Fourth St., St. I^ouis. 
Prank Holmes, (38 S. Uberty St., Elfin, HI. 
P. A. Svmonds, 40a B. Ferguson St., xvler, Tex. 
Pred waller. 55s S. Ionia St., Grand Rapids, 

Christ Seifreat, 540 Main St.. Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Wm. Rcsaler, aB Poplar St., Reading, Pa. 

H. J. Neibanm, Buiott Borough P. O., Alle- 
l^eny OOm Pa. 

Tohn C Daglish, 386 Pulton St., Buflblo, N. Y. 

Kc Bceker, aaio S. Bartlctt St., St. Joseph. 

John H. Brown, 517 W. First St.. Blmira, N. Y. 

WBi. T. Doran, ai Phelps St., Cleveland. Ohio. 

Wm. Welch, 601 W. Girard Ave., PhiladelphU, 

Wm. A. Jennings, 633 B. 5th St., Wilmington, 

Wm.B. Rich. 1357 W. istb St., Des Moines, Iowa. 
Alfred O'NeiU. Galeton, Pa. 
C C Parish. 311 d. 4th St.. Brooklyn. N. Y. 
Joho Han, 3041 California St.. Omaha, Neb. 
Jas. P. Robots, 58 Brookside St., Jamaica Plain , 


3. Richmond and Danville System— P. J. 
Letch, la ffiU St.. AtUnU. Ga. 

8. Chicago Local Lod ges W. C. Stears, 9431 
Cottage Grove Ave.. CUttgo, HI. Meets second 
Saaday of each month in Masonic Temple. 

11. B. a O. System— J. W. Beehler, Oanett, 

12. 8. P. System— H. M. Landcs. 6x5 ixth St., 
Sacramento. CaL 

18. J. B. Davis, Box 34, Ft. Gratiot. Mich. 

14. C at N. W. System— W. C Anderson, ^ 
math Ave., Clinton. Iowa. 
^ 18. New York City and Vfcinity-Chas. O. Pan- 
■ont, a4a B. 83d at; business agent, George H. 
Warner, 91 Center at., New York City. 

17. Boston and Vicinity— John T. KeUey, 76 
Ciflidea St, Boston, Mass. 

18. Pittibarg and Vldnity— Herbert Home, 
« Market St, AUegheny City, Pa. 

21. Moriblk & Western— J. H. Pattison, 30Z 
TUrd Ave., N. B., Roanoke, Va. 

22. Ooancctlcat— Charles Bastop, a8 Arch St.. 


1. AtlanU— Jas. B. Drake. 179 Ira St; C. H. 
Lewis, 19 Pulman St., Atlanta. Ga. 

9. Augusta— T. J. Klapman, Oa. R. R. Machine 
Shop; Prank A.Vogel. 8th and Bills Ave., Augusta, 
Oa. Meets second and fourth IThursdaT tnights 
in Red Men's Hall. Library Bui]ding,Ccor. Broad- 
way and;jackson Sts. 

4. MobUe— C. W. Rhinehart, 364 S.Lawrence 
St., Mobile, Ala. MeeU first and third Fridays 
at 7.30 p. m., in I. O. O. F. Hall, cor. St. Michael 
and Rojral Sts. 

6. Lone Star— A. O. Jennings, 3511 Ave. M; B. 
B. BUiott 3814 Ave. K. Meets first and third Fri- 
day nights, Galveston, Tex. 

7. Fidelity— V. B. Goddard, aax7 4th Ave.; W. 

5. Hammet, Ave. H, South 731 a4th St. Meets first 
and third Wednesday nights, at Fox Building, 
cor. Fourth Ave. and Z9th St, Birmingham, Ala' 

8. Central City-J. W. Watson, Jr., 444 Liberty 
St., Macon, Ga.; G. F. BUis. aio 6tFAve., 8. 
Macon, Ga. Meets first and third Saturday 
nighU at K. of P. Hall, Mulberry St., bet ist and 
ad, Macon, Oa. 

9. MarAhall- Albert B. Young, ao6 Park Ave. 
Meets every third Saturday night at Odd Fel- 
lows' HaU, Marshall, Tez. 

10. Richmond— Wm.Sheppard, lias Hull St., 
Manchester, Va.; J. W. Parker, 707 B. Leigh St. 
Meets every second and fourth Monday night in 
WUkinson HaU. Richmond Va. 

12. Houston— G. C Merritt, H. & T. C. Shops; 
Wm. Bonats, 34 Jackson St, Houston. Tez. 
Meets first and third Tuesday nights at Labor 

13. Pike's Peak— Alex Stewart. 3433 Court 
St., Pueblo, Colo. Meets second and fourth 
Monday nights at City HaU. 

14. Memphis-N. S. t>odgson, ^% Main St.: 
Wm. Barp, 336 Linden St Meets first and third 
Tuesdays, Union Labor Hall, a35 Secon<rst.. Mem- 
phis, Tenn. 

1 7. Deer Lake— J. B. Heflerman. 7a7 N. Camp- 
beU St.; F. N. Fitch, Sao Calhoun St., Springfield, 
Mo. Meets second and fourth Tuesdays, at Har- 
mony Hall, 315 BoonvUle St. 

18. Mississippi VaUey — T. W. French, 307 
Harrison St.; b. P. Kennedy. 5x0 W. South St 
Meets first and third Monday nights, Vicksburg, 

19. St. Louis Linotype— Herman ' A. Noort- 
wick. 38aa Lee Ave.; J. B. Lowden, Manhatten 
Hotel, i8th and Olive SU.. St. Louis, Mo. 

21. Galeton-CB. Bander, W. H. Ward. 634 
Simpson Ave., Galeton. Potter Co., Pa. 

26. Gate City— F. F. Hotchkiss. 714 Munson 
St.; M. M. Hotchkiss. 516 W. Munson St. MeeU 
second and fourth Monday nights. Denison, Tez. 

27. Union- Fred D. Knipper.930 Ohio Ave.; 

6. W. Mauch, 634 Simpson Ave. Meets first and 
third Thursday nights, Kansas City, Kan. 

28. lUlnois- J. W. Steele, 1183 Sheffield Ave.; 
Henry Boddiker, i74oWrightwood Ave., Chicago. 

29. Horton— Oeo. McCUntock, Box 594, Hor- 
ton, Kan. Meets second and fourth Monday 

30. Bridgeport — Peter Dahlgard. a84 Maple 
St.: P. O. aodress, I. A. of M. Box 407; Frank N. 
Gibbs, 346 Broad St Meets second and fourth 
Friday in Bmmet HaU, 40 SUte St., Bridgeport, 

31. Omaha— Frank J. Mjrers, Lock Boat 70a: 
Robt RicheUen, 176a S.^ St. MeeU second and 
fourth Fridays, Labor Temple, N. B. comer Z7th 
and Douglas Sts., Omaha, Neb. 

34. Kenosha— J. N. Reynolds, 353 Middle St.,; 
Chas. A. Shaflfer, 17a NeweU St., Kenoaha, Wis. 

38. Alamo City— R. T. Wiseman, 115 Aransas St. 
Chas. O. Hess, ais Willow St., San Antonio, Tex. 
Meets first and third Thursday nights. 

uigiiizea oy ■" 



^ r ■ * 

_^ But Bcrta 

^5 tklrd Saturday 

.1 1« Oub Bldf ; 
X ;^Jiufc»S». Meeti Fridays 

■'" ;ii^v*.. »«■'«'• Colo- 

" ^T^ Jt :c Wrti«.33» second St.; W. 
L>vi:X"^^ «- Ifaffitee. Mich. 
^ _^^ Mt - a M.. Hirtt. 610 Teraa St.; 
"^TT^iSa^ ji- Cfcaries St.. Wne Bloff. 
>:J^l2SSie^i •^ 3f Monday, in K. 
^2KJT25;^ second A^ea. 

I. Nlebanm, BUiott Bor- 

'T^ yafffta m Hafenbnck, 1725 Spearc St.; 

BA. BadBcye-J. B. Foeter. 877 B. LiTlngrton 
*!S^ SJoTchSi, 416 B. Main St. MeeU firat 
ffftfcSd Wedneadlya at Golden Kagle HaU, 

mm c^ckamaoca— Will G. Jonea, cor. Gillea- 
JkiaA Wm Sta.: C. P. B^Heyju^ Montgomm 
WlMeeU first and third Mondays in Sn^i- 
Mcra* Hall. ChatUnooga. Tenn. 

a7 Lafayette— P. B. Thatcher. 400 Monlton St.. 
ifoberW. Mo. MeeU firat and third Wednesdaya, 

Meeta aec- 

M. HUldty-WiU HaU, Jr.. Box 335; W. 

Jtyno, P. O. Box 335. Knozville. Tenn. Meeta 1 . _ 

ond and fonrth Fridajra at French 8t Roberta' 

Bld'ff, oppoaite Union Depot. 

69. Temple— Pred L. Moore, 30a W. Barton St., 
Temple. Tex. 

61. Water Valley— W. I*. Waldron. Water Val- 
ley. Miaa. 

66. Willamette-F. W. Reeves. 06 RoaaeU St., 
SUtion B; Prank Tver. 807 Bortwick St. MeeU 
first and third Wedneadays over Tivoli Hall, 
Portland, Ore. 

66. Oermania— Joaeph Weiffand.sii Oliver St.; 
Chaa. Piacher, 1046 SUte St.. SU. B.Cincinnati. O. 

66. Badger— Wm. N. Lambert, 573 nth St.; 
Wm. Barden. 458 .Walker St. Meets {second and 
fourth Thnrsdayaat Pranklin Hall. aa4-aa6 Grand 
Ave.. Milwaukee. Wis. 

68. San Prandaco— Jaa. Maslnnia, 424A Page 
St.; Chaa. W. Meyer. 934)^ Plorlda St., San Pran- 
dsco. Cat Meeta first and third Wedneaday 
nights, at Alcasar Bldg.. 1x4 W. O'Parrell St. 

70. Prlendahip— Wm. H. Schults, 70 Taylor 
St.; John Porsch. X4s W. zA St. MeeU every 
Tuesday evening at MachlnlsU' Hall, third fioor. 
X38 Calhoun St., Port Wayne, Ind. 

71. SedalU- J. J. Knoepple, laoo K. Third St.. 
iMdalU. Mo. 

12. Forked Deer— W. W. Knight. 214 Preaton 
St.; Robt. K. Winston. 4at Deadricane Ave. 
MeeU firat and third Tucaday nlghU, Jackson. 

76. Port Worth— B. BatlU. 307 HemphlU St.: 
Jack Blssett. 409 Missouri Ave. MeeU first and 
third Friday nighU In A. O. U. W. Hall, comer 
14th and Houston Sts.. Port Worth. Tex. 

Vaughn. 939 3d 

Tradea Council HaU. Detroit Biich. 

MeeU Tueaday nights at 

7%. Johnstown — Robt. Bingham, rear of 119 
UHcnstSt; Fred Tate, 338 Coleman Ave.. Johna- 

7t. Hope— W. A. Bane, 8aa 9th Ave. South; 
H. G. Wamsholdt, zoio Jackaon St. MeeU firat 
and third Mondaya at A. O. U. Hall, Room aai. 
Pioneer Block. Seattle. Waah. 

80. Ucking— Jaa. Alspach, 105 N. Bnena ViaU 
St.; Chaa.Deardorff; 87 S. latSt.. Newark. O. 

82. Detroit— P. J. Lebeck. 767 Howard St.; H. 
* >. 939 3d St. — ' ' " -' 


83. Cuyahoga— W. Hilton, zoa Lyman St.: G. 
H. Griflin, 12 Dellenbaugh Ave. MeeU Thura- 
daya at Arch HaU, 393 OnUrio St.. develand. O. 

84. Knox — John W. Sleeman. a Walnut St.: 
Harry Pamell. ao6 N. Norton St.. ML Vernon, O. 

86. St. Lonla-Alexander R. MarshaU. sao6 
VisU Ave.; A. A. Horn. 3415 Cass Ave. Meeta 
every Friday night at 14 N. Fourth St., St Lovia, 

88. ButU dtj— Chaa. MaUett. Box 3a6; W. J. 
Oawald. 487 B. Park St.. Butte, Mont. 

89. Cheyenne — Rudolph Wiedmer, Box 304a; 
Henry G. Wlcka, 114 9. 17th St. Cheyenne. Wjo. 

02. Kanaaa Citjr— J. A. Hutcheaon, 1813 K. 
Sixteenth St., Kanaaa City. Mo. 

06. Central City— A. McQuillan. 113 Ten Bjck 
St. ; C F. Spreen. ais Pringle Ave., Jackaon, Mich. 

06. Industrial— M. MuUen. 1500 Dewitt Ave.; 
M. Thode. 157 Charleston St.. BCaUoon. lU. 

07. Hope — Robt. J. Bmrle. MeeU first and 
third Tueadaya at Odd FeUowa' HaU, Raton. 

08. Wolverine— Wm. H. Oibba, 307 McCormick 
St.; John Noonan, 500 FlUhngh St.. Bay City, 

00. CUnton— Wm. K. Schuyler, tz Smith St., 
Newburgh, N. Y.; J. W. ChrlaUe, 49 Henry St. 
MeeU at New Labor Bldg, Ann St. e v ery aeoond 
and fourth Fridaya of the month, N e w Uigh , 
N. Y. 

101. Brie-F. C Schurs. 803 W. 4th St.: W. 
C Muns. a83i Pine St. MeeU first and third 
Thursday evenings In Labor Lyceum, oor. sth 
and SUte SU.. ^le. Pa. 

102. Tacoma— Chaa. Marks, 5633 Birmingham 
St, S.Tacoma, Waah. 

103. Pioneer— Chaa. Gcldart, Box 105; John 
NeUlgan, Stratford. Ontario. Can. 

106. Toledo — Alfred Kruae. 144 Wauaeon St; 
WIU C. Murphy. 3348 Roaewood Ave. MeeU Fri- 
day evenings at 3ao St. Clair St.. Toledo. O. 

106. Salt Lake City— S. J. HaU. 644 W. South 
Temple St.; Wm. H. HuU. 136 S. 3d Weat St. Salt 
Lake City, UUh. 

108. Shelby-Henrv J. BoUier. Shelby. O.. Box 
858. MeeU firat and third Mondaya of each 
month, Shelby. Ohio. 

100. Capital City— W. G. Notingham. tax W. 
Lane St., Kalelgh, N. C MeeU firat and third 
Saturdaya of eaoi month. 

111. The Victoria— Pred Roberge, ai9 St. Timo- 
thleSt.; J. B. King, i7oIbervUleSt, Montreal.Can 

112.8tPaul— Wm. Powlea. 8a3 Juno St; J. 
Uts, 819 Juno St. MeeU aecond and fourth Mon- 
daya at Odd FeUowa* HaU, 5th and Wabaaha SU., 
St. Paul. Minn. 

113. OU dty— Wm. A. Can n, 51 HoUday St.: 
Oacar W. Baker, ao8 Blm St MeeU Satnrdava 8 
p. m., at Pjrthian Temple. Oil City Savings 
Bank Block, comer Center and Blm SU., <MI 
dty. Pa. 

114. Cooper— Chaa. L. Hux, 7osLlngle Ave.; 
J. Dengler, 213 Saginaw St. MeeU aecond aad 
fourth Fridaya. cor. Washington and Main Sta., 
Owosso. Mich. 

Digitized by 




116. tinu-^!. W. Brookbart, 716 8. Blisabetb 
St: Geo. Kellermeir, 573 B. BUem St. MeeU first 
and third Friday nights each month in 
Gaaette Block, Trades Council HaU. Lima. O. 

117. Gratiot— John R. Brown, 601 I«akeview 
Ave. Meets first and third Thursdays of each 
month in the B. of L. B. HaU, Gratiot Ave.. N. 
Port Huron. Mich. 

118. Barberton— J. Sohner. Box 108; B. B. 
WitlianiB. Box 444. MeeU every Monday night, 
BtrbertoB, Summit Co., Ohio. 

122. Winnlp^— R. A. Pyne.a66 Patrick St.: A. 
J. Tbirtle, 421 Logan St.. Winnipeg, Manitoba, 
Caa. Meets first and third Tuesdays, at Sher- 
wood Hall, Main St. 

123. Plain City— P. C. AWey, P. O. Box 424; 
J. B. 8. Mason, ^19 BUsabeth St. MeeU Fri- 
days, Roger's Hau. Padncah, Ky. 

124. Stone City- F. W. Bgger, 005 Cass St.: 
John Shreere, aio Henderson Atc. Meets second 
ud fourth Thursday nights. Trades and Labor 

125. Latonia, CoWngton, Ky.— Tas. M. Hunt, 
xos B. Bush St. Meets second ana fourth Tues- 
day nights, Corington, Ky. 

126. P rogr esai ire of Chicago— Wm. D. I^ner- 
Ksa, 339 Rush St.; O. C. Patterson, 2736 Shields 
Ave. Meets second and fourth Saturdays, Room 
209 Masonic Temple, Chicago. 

127. Ogden— P. G. Cropper, 2150 Washington 
Ave.: P. Wemnger, 148 aaa St. Meets first and 
third Tuesday nights, Ogden, Utah. 

128. Proaperi^— Leonard Mesrrick, 6351 Wash- 
ington Ave., Woodlawn: John B. Job, io62< 
Avenue J, South Chicago, UL Meets second 
and fourth Pridajrs at Union Bank Building, cor. 
Brie and 9adSta. 

131. Rio Grande— R. A. Adams, 609 1st St., 
Albuquerque. N. M. 

133. Winona — W. A. Snyder, General De- 
Hvtty; Geo. ^tagerald, 561 w. 5th St., Winona, 

134. Unity— Ruasell Qninn, 916 W. Van Buren 
St; N. K. Thompson. 236 W. CongreasSt. Meets 
seeood and fourth Monday nighu at 183 W. 
Madison St, over Woolfs store. Chicago. 

136. Iron Mountain — M. P. KUey ; M. A. 
Cole. Meeto first and third Wednesdays at 
Masonic HaU. De Soto. Mo. 

136. Piedmont— W. R. Adams; H. H. Spedden, 
Salirtmry. N. C. Meets second and fourth 
Thursday nighu at Royal Arcanum Hall, cor. 
Main and Industrial Sts. 

137. Old Dominion— Walter J. Herrmann, 
3609 Lafairette Av<.; Jas. B. Flynn. Box 387. 
MeeU every Tuesday night, Rdsfield's Hall, 
Wssfaington Ave., between 96th and 27th Sts., 
Newport News, Va. 

138. LoweU— Jas. B. Buchanan. 41 Swift St.; 
Robert H.Owen, 244 W.Manchester St. Meets first 
tad third Tncadaya at 8 p. m., in Building Labor- 
cffs* Hall. 3a Mld^e St.. LoweU. Mass. 

140. J. B. Stephen*— S. W. Fryer, 716 Buah St., 
Rtit Portland, Ore. 

142. Salem— Hugh J.White; P. L. Paylor Lock 
Box 32; Salem, Va. Meeta second and fourth Fri- 
day nighu in Odd PeUowa' HaU. 

143.Tucacm— H. Jelf, Box 371; M. C. Brown, 
Box 525. Tucson. A. T. 

147. Rhode IsUnd— John Waason; Prank 
Backley. 26 Park St. MeeU aecond and fourth 
Tveadays at 98;weybossett St.. Browning-King 
RCo. ndg.. Providence, R.L 

148. 8pringfield-C. K. Riser. 392 W. High 
8t: P. J. Flaherty. 1 12 B. Washington St., Spring- 
feid, Ohio. MeeU Thursdaya in Trades and 
Labor Assembly Hall. 

110. Invincible— Thomaa P. Annan, 16 Wes- 
ley St; M. G. Kenyon, 53 MarshaU St. Meets 
every second and fonrtn Thursday nights at 
Royal Arcanum Hall, Huntington, Ind. 

161. Lake Superior— Al Lyons, 2723 West St., 
G. H. Cole, 2509 W. ist St.. Duluth, Minn. 

162. Queen and Crescent— Percy Marcrofl, 
Ludlow, Ky.; Will B. Pye, 1326 RusseU St., Cov- 
ington, Ky. MeeU first and third Tueadaya, Odd 
Fdlowa' HaU, Ludlow, Ky. 

163. Bmpire— O. Brnest Harris. 20 Wright St.; 
C. A. KilU. 14 Waahington St., Auburn, K. Y. 

164. Glendale— B. T. Kleim, ioii4CaTne Ave.; 
Lewis Kleim, loii Kayne Ave., Naabville, Tenn. 
MeeU aecond and fourth Tueadaya of each month. 

1 66. Bicycle Lathe Operators— H. Brooka, 662 
Forrer St.; Albert B. Good, 1605 Norwood Ave. 
Toledo, O. 

166. Queen City— Dell H. Heron, 35 N. Market 
St.; John Croxall, 24 B. Blm St. MeeU first and 
thirdTTucsdaya at Royal Templara' HaU, Titus- 
viUe, Pa. 

167. Springfield— O. A. Garber, 215 N. SUte 
St.; W. H. Hawkina, 723 S. 9th St., Springfield, 

160. PhUadelphU— Wm. B. ChurchUl, 2537 N. 
i6th St.; H. A. Nitae, 885 Taylor St. MeeU aec- 
ond and fourth Monday nighU at Post 160 HaU, 
i3634UdgeAve., PhUaifelphU, Pa. 

161. White River— Carl L. Olson, 308 Sand- 
ers St.; Geo. O'Day, 2328 N. Alabama St. MeeU 
Fridaya at 9 1>« Soto Block, B. Market St., near 
Circle, IndianapolU, Ind. 

1 62. Queen City— Geo. M. Lsron, 4156 Lakeman 
St., SUtion A, Cincinnati ; Peter Wingeter, 1120 
John St.. Newport, Ky. MeeU every Monday at 
Germania Hall, Court and Main SU., Cincin- 
nati. Ohio. 

166. Roanoke— W. H. Howell. 511 Sixth Ave., 
N. B. ; W. L. German, 28 Third Ave. MeeU first 
and third Tueadaya, Roanoke, Va. 

166. New Castle, Pa.— Chas. F. Haufier. 62 
Home St.; E. S. Hibbard, 62 Home St.. New 
CaaUe, Pa. 

1 68. National Park — Jaa. D. Graham, Box 
372; Thoa. Cutter, Livingston, Mont. 

170. Muskegon— Wm. MiUer, 123 Jefferson 
St.; Wm. H. Holden, 14 Maaon Avc.Muakegon, 

173. Ban aaire-W.N.Miller, 509 Putnam Ave.; 
John Van Wagenen, 513 S. Barstow St. MeeU 
In Banner Lodgre. A. O. U. W. HaU, South Bar- 
stow St, Bau Claire, Wia. 

174. Columbia- Arthur Chaae, 210 C St., N. 
W.: Thos. B. Lear, 530 9th St S. B. MeeU first 
and third Wednesdaya in McCanley'aHall, Penn- 
sylvanU Ave.. S. B., Waahington. D. C. 

1 76. Acme— Wm. MeUin. 305 N. 7th St . Olean, 
N. Y. MeeU every Friday in National Assoda- 
tios of SUtionary Bngineers' rooms. 

178. Sioux City— Arthur B. Holder, 1214 
loth St. MeeU second and fourth Mondaya, 
A. O. U. W. HaU, Sioux City. la. 

182. Beaver — J. Hurliman, Box iii. MeeU 
first and third Tueadaya at 306 Cardova St., Van- 
conrer. B. C. 

184. Wilmington — V. A. Perham, 419 Waah- 
ington St.: Robert T. McCleland, 519 S. Jackson 
St. MeeU Thursdays in Smith's Building, 610K 
MarketSt., 3d fioor, Wilmington Del. 

186. My Maryland — O. M. Peters, 315 N. 
Broadway; Frederick C. Nies, 2106 B. Fayette 
St. Meets Mondsjrs Brick Layers' Hall, Fay- 
ette St., near Gay St., Baltimore. Md. 

187. Saginaw — C. H. Bverett. 432 McCoskey 
St, Saginaw, Mich., B. S.; Glenn Richardaon, 
432 Grant St, Saginaw, Mich., B. S. 

101. Grand Rapida— J. B. La Moore, 276 Turner 
St.; Wm. Donker, 299 Davis St. MeeU every 
Tuesday evening in Hanishs' Hall, 74 N. Water- 
loo St., Grand Rapida, Mich. 

1 02. Plow Boy— M. B. Bradley, 227 E. Central 
Ave.; W. F. Thompson, 264 %. Central Aye,, 
Delaware, Ohio. 

Digitized by 




194. GftrUad CiUr-ChAi. T. AUen, 13 State 
St.; Geo. Orapt, 6 woodniff St.. Watertown. N 
T. MccU erery Mdbday at DooUttle & HaU Blk* 

196. Reading — M. J. Plemminff, 633 Willow. 
St. ; Hennr Scnabener. 816 FranUin St. Meet* 
second and fourth Pridaya of each montli. Read- 
insr, Pa. 

198. WatenrHet— J. P. McCormick, Y. M. C. A.. 
Watenrliet. N. Y.; Chat. B. Moore, 1717 Broad- 
way. Meets first and third Mondays in G. ▲. R. 
Hall, Watenrliet. N. Y. 

1 97. North Star-PrankC. Brassil; Bert Smith. 
Box 1670. Meets alternate Mondays, at Union 
Hall, Sixth St. South, Brainerd, Minn. 

199. Duquesne— T. H. Diehl, 47 Terrace St.; 
Thomas Green, Pittsburg, Pa. 

20s. Summit— Thos. Sommerville, 324 N. Union 
St.; W. C. Armstrong, 106 BucUd Ave. Meets 
first and third Wednesdays at Emmett's Hall, 
Akron, Ohio. 

204. Dorpian— M. L. Maorae.76oE. Liberty St.; 
Bugene C. Warner, 13 Quackenbos St. Meets 
Mondays at Machinist Hall, cot. Jay and SUte 
SU.. saienecUdy, N. Y. 

206. CrysUl I^ake— A. C. Martin, SP3 S. Neil 
St., Champaign, 111.; P.J. Pflnm, 204 S. Grove St., 
UrtMma. lU. 

207. Bvanston—Thos. Crosby. Bvanston,W3ro. 
MeeU Saturdays in K. of P. HaU. 

208. Bdlamy— J. T. Neary, 93 S. Center Ave.: 
J. Brown, 2736 Shields Ave. Meets first and 
third Tuesdays at 3900 Wentworth Ave., Chicago, 


210. Wilkesbarre— Chas. Pierce, 97 Moyallen 
St.; H. W. Lefller. 251 N. Washington St. Meets 
first and third Fridays at 36 w. Market St., 
Wilkesbarre. Pa. 

212. P.K.Ryan I/xige— P. C. Pippin, in care 
of Huth's Barber Shop, 200 South Cumberland St. 
C. Johnson, Hendrick Hotel, S. Cumberland. Md. 

213. Galesburg— Bmil A. EdofT, 49 Pulton St.; 
Andrew I^anstrome, 956 N. Cedar St. Meets first 
and third Thursdays at Svea I<odge Hall, 237 
B. Main St., Galesburg, HI. 

217. Kensington— Gus. Plate, 2922 Marshall 
St.; D. R. Buckley, 21 iz B. Huntington St., 
SUtion B. MeeU Tuesdays at Textile Hall, Ken- 
sington Ave. and Cumberland St., Philadelphia, 

222. Turtle Creek Turtle Creek. Pa.,— J. A. 
Beck, 807S. Ave., Wilkinsbnrg, Pa. 

223. Bagle Grove— J. C Crellin, care Arcade 
Hotel, ^gle Grove, la. 

224. Mt. Royal— W. T. Barley, 301 Magdalen 
St., Point St. Charles; H. A. Pepier, 98 Congrega- 
tion St., Montreal, Canada. 

226. Mutual— Daniel D. Bergk, comer Clinton 
andNewSts.; Jos. Woodward, 239 Sycamore St. 
Meets every other Wednesday night at Trades & 
I«abor Assembly Hall, cor. stn and Wajme Avts., 
Dayton, O. 

226. Keystone— Jas. H. Hassett, Box 533: Rob- 
ert Kinney, Sayre, Pa. Meets second and fourth 
Thursdays each month. 

228. Pt. Pitt. Manchester. Pa.— Chas. Bott, 71 
Western Ave., Alleghany, Pa. 

229. liberty — Prank B. Olson. 285 Bms St.; 
John T. Johnson, Z087 Wabansia Ave. Meets 
second and fourth Saturdajrs in Odd Fellows' 
Hall. cor. Milwaukee Ave.' and Carpenter St., 
Chicago, m. 

230. Blectric dty— Wm. P. York, 428 N. 8th 
St.; W. B. Kemp, 1301 Wyoming Ave., Scranton, 
Pa. Meets second and fourth Tuesdays in Hul- 
bert's Hall. 

232. Joplin— Lewis Schechner, Box 390, Car- 
terviUe. Mo.; P. S. Stone. Carterville, Mo. 

233. aeveland— B. B. Myers. 1920 St. Clair St.; 
Prank Lynett, 51 LeRoy PI. MeeU Friday even- 
ings at Stocke's HaU, St. Oair St., aeveland, 

236. Toronto— R. H. Dee, i04AugusU Ave.: 
Thos. White, 41 Gait Ave. MeeU first and third 
TnesdajTS at Richmond Hall, Richmond St., 
Toronto. Canada. 

236. Creamer— T. D. SUnson, 2ao Weston Ave.; 
W. J. Krauter, 428 Benton St., Aurora, HL MeeU 
first and third Tuesdays at the Conductors' Hall, 
cor. Main and Broadway. 

238. Pearl — Geo. R. I^awrence, 36 Bve St.; 
GuaUve Uppstreu, 108 Professor St. MeeU every 
Tuesday at 865 Lorain St., Cleveland, Ohio. 

241. HamUton— Albert S. Johnson, 316 N. 9ih 
St.; Prank J. Leasner, 113 Heaton St. MeeU nlter- 
nate Tuesdaya in Trades and Labor Council Hmll, 
comer Court and 2d SU., HamUton, O. 

243. York— J. 8. Jones, 611 B< Mason Ave., 
Curvin Thomas, too N. Newberry St., York. Pn. 
MeeU first and third TThursdays in Condoms 
Hall, West Market St. 

244. Potosi — R. G. Jobson, Box 98, San Luis 
Potosi, Mex. 

246. BulTalo- Wm. Dickenson, 287 B. Uticn 
St., Buflfolo, N.Y.; B. G. Thompson, 131 Greene 
St. MeeU Tueiday evenings, CouncU HaU, cor. 
Huron and BUiott Sts., Buffalo. 

248. Corinthian- B. P. LeMay; Oscar B. Price, 
Corinth. Miss. 

249. Camden— Vircil B. SUckhouse; «35 N. 
Front St., Wm. G. Dobbins, 743 Clinton St.. Cam- 
den, N. J. MeeU every Saturday evening in 
MachinisU' Hall, northwest cor. 2a and Federal 

264. Des Moines- Wm. B. Rich. 135? W. 15th 
St ; D. B. Brown, 7th and Indiana Ave., Des 
Moines Iowa. 

266. Chihuahua — Manuel Parra, en el dlpo. 
Chihuahua, Mexico. . 

269. Bxcelsior—Wm.H.Uebelhour, 70 Minerva 
St.; John Hasa. Dennie's Inn. Derby, Conn. Hall, 
MeeU first and third Mondajrs in Central Labor 
BUsabeth St., Derby, Conn. 

261. Columbia— Frank Barl, 1024 Lehigh St.; 
Jas. Nowery, 59 Canal St, South Side, South 
Baston, Pa. MeeU second and fourth Saturday 
nighU, Jones BuUding, Central Square, Baston, 

262. Twin City — T. H. Park, 1624 5th St.: 
M. P. Hynes, 719 H St. W. MeeU second 
and fourth Tuesdays, Room is. Old P. O. Block, 
Cedar Rapids. Iowa. 

264. Boston— John T. KeUey. 76 Camden St.. 
Boston: Joseph H. Robinson. 24 Columbia 8t.« 
Cambridge. Mass. MeeU second and foaith 
Thursdays, WeUs' Memorial HaU, Boston. Masa. 

266. Grand Crossing— A. P. Nelson, 9700 Cot- 
tage Grove Ave.: R. HiUhouse. 73014 Ingleside 
Ave. MeeU first and third Fridays at Pusey 
HaU, cor. Drexel Ave. and 75th St., Chicago, m. 

273. Baldwin— A. J. Olmsted, 301 Tama St., 
Boone, Iowa. 

276. Mt Washington — J P. Batehelder, 66 
School St.; Walter A. Sewall. 80 Warren St. MeeU 
at Central Labor Union Hall, second and fourth 
Tuesdaya, Concord, N. H. 

278. Overland— Geo. C. Newton, 12x0 N. Third 
St., Kansas City, Kan.; John Patton, 813 Bar- 
nette Ave., Kansas City, kan. 

279. Green Mountain— Bd Rjrder, 41 Bngland 
St.; L. A. Steere, 2 Bngland St., St. Albans, Vt. 

287. Black Bagle— Geo. Bison. Great PaUs. 
Mont. MeeU first and third Saturdajrs, Tod 

293. Parsons— W. P. Oibome, 1503 Forrest Ave. ; 
Thos. Wilcock, 2316 W. Dirr Ave. MeeU in Con- 
ductors' Hall, first and third Tuesday nighU of 
each month. Parsons. Kan. 

294. St. Thomas— Chas. Rowley, 21 Chestnut 
St., St. Thomas, Out.. Can. 

296. Blgin— Frank G. Hibbard. 32 Union St.: 
P. L. Durant. 318 Lake St. MeeU first and third 
Thuradaya, Blgin, HI. 

296. Keystone— P. H. Carey, Box 613. New 
Brighton. Pa. J. R. Couch, Fallstoo, Beaver 
County, Pa. 

Digitized by 




300. Stumrt Reid — Wm. J. Wilde. 68 lUncoln 
Ave.; Aoffust Petrie. 6i8 Dover St. Meets first 
sad third Wednesdsys st Hannonie Hall, cor. 
Pir«t Ave. sad Bfinersl St., BCilwaukee, Wis. 

301. MUwmnkee— Oscsr Bochert.ssi H% St.: 
Psol Priber, 694 9tli ^t. MeeU erenr second and 
foortli Monday night at Wilkes* HaU. cor. lath 
and Vine Sts., Milwaukee, Wis. 

302. PkmcerCitT—Robt.H.BUir, 16 Robinson 
Ave.; Francis Smith, 76 8. Chnrch St., Cartwn- 
dale, Pa. 

303. West Philadelphia — Albert Bevler, 5448 
Merion Ave., 8ta.W. West PhiUdelphbi: H. B. 
Irwin. 66a N. ud St.. West PhUadelphia. 
Meets first and third Mondays in the month at 
Hancock HaU. 40th St. and I«ancaster Ave.. 
PhiladelphU. Pa. 

304. Jersey City, N J. Thos. J. Purcell, 7a 
Storm Ave.; W. Hofltnan, 140 Sussex St. Meets 
every Tuesday night at Schutxen Hall, 316 3d St., 
JcrseyOty, N. J. 

307. Lincoln Lodge— C. D. Scherman, 9th and 
Maple Ave., Dayton, Ky.; Chas. BoUand. 170^ 
Western Ave., Cincinnati, Ohio. Meets second 
and fourth Wednesdays at Workman's Hall, 
Cincinnati, Ohio. 

312. McKieman— Edgar Roberts, 3721 sth St.. 
Meridian. Miss. 

314. Waterloo-B. J. CoUins, 336 Saxon St.: 
D. A. Hartnett, 326 Saxon iSt. Meets second 
and fourth Tuesdays at City Hall, Waterloo,Iowa. 

31 6. Phoenix— Wm.'8. Wood, 7o{LiTingston St.; 
JohnMcGrail, 66WaU St. MeeU evenr Thurs- 
day at Thorp's HaU, cor. Fourth and B. Jersey 
Sta.. BUaabethport. N. J. 

317. Gem City— Henry Rensch. 11 17 Ohio St.; 
Louis Jacobi, 330 S. xitb St., Quincy, lU. 

320. West Side- Wm. B. Kurts. 238 B. 4Sth St.; 
Wm. SmaU, 453 W. 48th St. Meets every Wed- 
no^7> ^'IS P* m-* At 34a W. 4sd St., between 8th 
and 9tli Aves., New York City. 

323. Swedish— Jaa. B. Johnson, Room 107, 4 
Columbia PI.; B. Walster, 534 6th Ave. Meets 
acoood and fourth Saturdays, 360 Pulton St., 
Peters HaU, Brooklyn. N. T. 

327. Mcadville— Frank BitUer, B. Chest- 
nut St.: John Nnnn, MeadviUe, Pa. 

330. Buflhlo— German Lodge. Paul J. Reich- 
Ua. ISO Pox St., Bttffiilo, N. T. 

33"*. Alexandria — C. H. Pickin, 311 S. Patrick 
St.; C M. Hancock, 408 S. Fairfax St. MeeU 
aecond and fourth Wednesdays of each month at 
TarpcU Hall. King street, Alexandria, Va. 

340. Newark — M. J. Ford, Box laa: H. B. 
Williams. 270 Ogden St. MeeU second and fourth 
Tuesday nighU at Masonic Hall, 481 Broad St., 
Newark, N. J. 

343. West Superior — Phillip T. O'Neill, 1714 
12th St.; H. B. Pegg. 1506 Belknap St. MeeU first 
and third Wednesdays at Assembly HaU, Tower 
and Winter SU., West Superior, Wis. 

344. Paterson— John Coates, 280 Atlantic St.; 

^La. Pearson, S9 Pennington St.. Paterson, N. T. 
eeU first and third Thursdajrs in Columbia 
HalL 462 Main St. 

347. Bdwards — John G. Taylor, 833 S. Main 
St.; Wm. Wilkenson, 122 Harden Ave. MeeU 
first and third Tuesdays in Trades' HaU, 347 
Seeberger Block, JacksonviUe, HI. 

343. United-Wm. Welch, 6orW.Girard Ave.; 
WUUam Felix, 2647 Ann St. MeeU Fridays at 
Wiser's HaU. N. B. cor. Frankfort Ave. and Gir- 
ard Ave., Philadelphia, Pa. 

349. Brass City — M. T.Coffey. 42 B. Clay St.; 
John Withey, 1162 Bank S. MeeU first and 
third Thurswrs in each month at Blks' HaU, 
1 00 Bank St., Waterbury, Conn. 

301. Blyaian— T. C. Warkman, 89 7th Ave., 
New York City; W. R. WelU, 209 We«t St.. West 
Hoboken, N. J. MeeU first and third Mondays 
at Quartette Onb, Washington St., between lotk 
and iith SU.. Hoboken, N. J. 

363. St. Claire— Wm. J. Ftener, 516 S. Rac« 
St.: Bdward Rutter, 196 S, Richland St.. BeUe- 
vUie. lU. 

304. Capitol City— John F. Brulggaman, 38 
Cedar St.; B.J.Gruscb. 36 Woodbridge St MeeU 
second and fourth Mondays, Central Lsbor HaU, 
II Central Row, Hartford, Conn. 

360. Peoria— B. Harry Mergy, 228 Wisconsin 
Ave. ; P. J. Prey. 914 S. Adams St. MeeU first and 
third Fridays of each month at Trades Assemblv 
HaU, comer Adams and Fulton Sts., Peoria, 111. 

362. Ansonla— Charles Bsstop, 28 Arch St.: 
Henry Nugent, 109 N. SUte St. MeeU second 
and fourth Thursdays, Germanla Hall, Maple St., 
Ansonia, Conn. 

366. Hope— Dennis O'Dea. 44 Spring St., New 
Haven, Conn. 

377. Fort Scott— Chas. Anderson. P. O. Box 
27 ; J. W. Swarix. MeeU every Friday night 
in Walters' HaU, Chicago HeighU, lU. 

378. Glenn — John H. Foster. 49 Hamlet St.; 
A. Jas. Burgess, }fii Division St., FaU River, Masp. 

381 . Syracuse — Fredrick Sanderson, 307 W. 
WUlow St.; Jos. Crichton, wi Third Norih St. 
MeeU first and third Monday evenings of each 
month at Klein's HaU, James St., Syracuse, N. Y. 

384. Lansing City—B. B. Morehouse, 819 Chest- 
nut St. Lansing, Mich. MeeU in Trades HaU. 
second and fourth Thursdays, Lansing, Mich. 

386 lonia-L B. Speaker, 530 N. Jefl St, 
lonU, Mich. 

388. Tri-d^. MoUne. Rock ISUnd and Daven- 
port— Wm.L. Allan, 1632 I2th Avc.Molinc. ni.: H. 
Abbott, 2«2o 14th St.. MoUne. lU. MeeU sec- 
ond and fourth Wednesdajrs of each month id 
the Rock IsUnd Industrial Home, Rock Island, 

393. CentraUa— Richard H.Hom,Box 545: Fred 
Baumer, Box 267. MeeU second and founn Fri- 
days, CentraUa. lU. 

394. GermanU— M. Sendig. 5245 BeUeview St. 
Ludwig Winter. 1800 Broadway. MeeU every 
Tuesday in MachinisU' Club rooms, 14 N. Fourtn 
St., St. Louis. Mo, 

401. Columbus— C. M Logue, 24 Tompkins 
Place; Jos. Rorke, 521 ixth st MeeU second 
and fourth Fridays of each month at Bergen 
Hill Hall, 411 Court St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

402. Manhattan— Wm. M. T. Pike, 967 B. 133d 
St.: Charles Hakin, 141 B.96th St. MeeU second 
and fourth Fridays at 100 B. 112th St., New 

406. New York City — Henry Hershoff. 1203 
Brook Ave.; Geo. G. Cameron, 902 B. 138th St. 
MeeU every Tuesday night at Weber's HaU, 444 
WHlis Ave., near 145th St., New York City. 

406. The Lojral— Jas. P. Keogh, 117 RoebUng 
St., Brooklyn; Henry Smith, 173 Willis Ave., 
New York City. MeeU Fridays at Stuyvesant 
HaU, 351 B.i7th St. New York City. 

408. Yoakum— Ward H. Ogden. Box 95, Toak 
um, Tex. MeeU second and fourth Thursdays of 
each month at K. of P. HaU. 

416. Hudson Valley -A. L. Kreeft. Lock Box 
••D"; P. Wertheim, Lock Box, "D" North Tarry- 
town. N.Y. 

416. Paragon— W. B. Carlson. P. O. Box 32, 
Cleburne, Tex. 

418. OlneyviUe— Wm. T. Kitchen. 84 Dorches- 
ter Ave., OlneirvUle, R. I.; W. FrankUn, 347 
Manton Ave., Providence, R. I. MeeU second 
and fourth Mondajrs at Library BuUding, Olney- 
viUe Square, OlneyviUe. R. I. 

421. Blmira— Patrick Plynn, 344 Irvine PI.; 
Chas. TwiM. 356 Center St, Blaiira, N. Y. 

422. Bradford— G. W Irwin, 3 Cottage Row; 
Wm. D. Georgeson, 175 Congress St. MeeU Fri- 
days at MalU HaU, Main St., Bradford, Pa. 

uigiiized by 




I at Odd Fellows' Hall, Wisconain street 


•- ^ * 

499. Canton — Ira A. Aungst, 533 
Ave; Charles R. Judd, Canton. Ohio. 


•^^ Brnklyn. 
«tt 9. Stanley 


439. Lock City — O.Van Wyck. xix Park Ave.. 
Lockport, N. Y. 

440. Progressive— G. G. Bishop, care IngersoU 
Millinc Machine Co.; Geo.Reimer, 809 First Ave.. 

441 . Portsmouth— Cbas. W. Sydnor, 319 Craw- 
ford 8t. : J. M. WUkcs Cottage Place. Meets Fri- 
days. Klks* Hall, High St., Portsmouth, Va. 

442. Invincible— L. O. Vanghan, Box 84, Duns- 
muir, Siskiyou Co., Cal. 

443. Madison — Otto Anderson, 431 N. Butler 
St.. Madison, Wis. MeeU second and fourth 
Tuesday evenings each month at I«abor Hall, 
SUte St. 

444. Utile Falls— W. A. Roulette, 84 Church St.. 
UtUe Falls. N. Y. MeeU first and third Tnc 
days in each month at Rojral Arcanum Rooma. 

460. B. V. Debs— £. H. Carter. MeeU first and 
third Wednesdasrs, in Foresters Hall, Hoopes- 



J Mid vorkingwomen and 
-.ZVi^^'i**'* kave refused to purchase 


">^^VSelbIlowing firms. Labor 

& Co., 

n. Pa. 

nr Mills, 



Freie Presse, Chicago, ni. 

Fuller & Warren Stove Company. Milwaukee. 

Geo. Hhrefs lager beer. 

Geo. Modes Cigar Company, Detroit. Mich. 

Gobelll Pattern Works, Cleveland, Ohio. 

Gordon Bros.' Cigar Company, Detnrft. 

Gormully & Jellrey Bicytle Co., Chicago. HI. 

Gould & Walker, booU and shoes, Westboro. 

Gregory & Shaw, booU and shoes. South Fram- 

ingnam, Mass. 
Gross & Co., cigars. Detroit, Mich. 
Hamilton -Brown Shoe Company, St. I«ouis. 
Harding & Todd, shoes, Rochester. N. Y. 
Harrington & Ouelette Cigar Co., Detroit. Mich. 
Hart, SchafTner & Marks, Chicago. 
H. DieU Cigar Company, Detroit, Mich. 
Hetterman Bros. Company, cigars, Louisville, Ky. 
Imperial Mill Company, Dulutb, Minn. 
Jos. Bicfield and Siegel 8t Bros., clothiers, 

Chicago, ni. 
Kerbs, Wertheim h. SchiiTer, cigars. New York. 

Kipp Bros., mattresses and spring beds, Milwau 

Larkins Soap Works, Bufialo, N. Y. 

Maple City Soap Works. 

MetropoliUn Life Insurance Company. 

Moek's Cigar Company, Detroit, Mich. 

Monmouth Mining and Manufacturing Company 

(Sewer Pipe). 
Monmouth (111.) Pottery Company. 
Overman Bicycle Company, Chicopee Falls, Mass. 
Ottenberg Bros., Cigars. New York City. 
PUnt Mining Co.. Geo. P. 
Powell, Smith & Co.. cigars. New York. 
Quincy Show Case Works, Quincy, 111. 
Rochester Clothiers' Bxchange. 
Rockford Chair & Furniture Co. 
Rothschild, Son & Co.. bar fixtures. 
Royal Mantel & Furniture Co., Rockford, III. 
Schneider-Trenkamp Company, manufacturers 
"Reliable" oil, gas and gasoline stoves, 
Cleveland. Ohio. 
School Seat Company, furniture. Grand Rapids. 
Sardines— E W. Brown, Gunrock Packing com- 
pany. Eureka Packing Company, Lawrence 
Packing Company, Crescent Packing Com- 
pany, Bucks Harbor Packing Company. 
Indian Cove Packing Company,of Lubecand 
Machias, Maine. 
S. F. Hess & Co., cigars, Rochester, N. Y. 
Seig & Walpole, bicycles, Kenosha, Wis. 
Springfield (111.) Elevator Milling Company. 
SL Louis Brewers' Association, lager beer. 
Strong, Garfield Company, E. Weymouth, Mass. 
Studebaker Bros. Manufacturing Company's 

carriages and wagons, South Bend, Ind. 
Swift's Sure Specific, AtlanU. Ga. 
Thomas Taylor & Son, Hudson, Mass. 
Times, Los Angeles, Cal. 
United States Baking Company. 
United States Bicycle Company and Chicago 

Stamping Company. 
Vallens & Co.. Cigars, Chicago. 
Venable Bros.' Quarries, Lithonia, Ga. 
Western Wheel Co., Chicago, 111. 
W. B. Conkev Co., printers. Chicago-New York. 
W. H. Fauber, manufacturer one piece bicycle 

crank hanger, Chicago, 111. 
Winter Bros. Brewing Company, Iron City Brew 
ing Company, PitUburg. Pa.; Eberbard fit 
Obers Brewing Company, Alleghany, Pa. 
W.L.Kidder & Son MUling Co.,Terre Haute, Ind. 
Wm. Tegge Cigar Company, Detroit. Mich. 
Yocum Bros., Cigsrs, Reaoing, Pa. 

If labor would be successful it must combine 

Digitized by 








Fine Bliifl 51 


Vaaooaver i8a 


San Fnoci*co...68 
Daosmair 4^ 


Denver 47 

Pueblo 13 


Bridgeport , 
B^r3brd ... 

new HftTen . 
Waterbvy 349 

WUndtigtoa . . . . 184 



Femattdinm .... 40 

▲UmU I 







Chicego . 
Chicago . 
Chicago . 
Chicago . 
Chicago ...... 


Blgin 995 

GaleabBiv 313 

Boopeston .....450 
joUct \ml 


Peoria . 



Springfield 157 

8o«th Chicago.. 118 
Urbana ao6 


P6rt Wayne 70 

Garrett 39 

Huntington ....i.v 
Indianapolia .... 161 
I«oganaport 54 


Boone 373 

DeaMoinea 354 

Bagle Grove. ...231 

SiooxCity 178 

Waterloo ;.3H 

Cedar Rapida.. .963 


Horton 39 

Kanaaa City 37 

Kanaaa City....378 

Paraona 993 


Covington 195 

Lttdlow 159 

Paducah 193 


New Orleana....37 


Great Palla 287 

Winnipeg 199 


Baltimore 186 

8. Cumberland. 313 


PaU River 

I/nren 138 

N. Upper Palla. 365 


Chihuahna 356 

San I«aia Potoai. 944 


Bay City 98 

Detroit §9 

Port Huron... .Z17 
Grand Rapida.. loz 

Ionia 385 

Tackaon 05 

Lanaing 384 

Muakegon 170 

Maniatee 50 

OwoMo 114 

Saginaw 187 


Brainerd 197 

Dulttth 15Z 

St Paul 113 

Winona 133 



Corinth 348 

Meridian 313 

Vickabnrg 18 

Water Valley .... 61 


DeSoto Z3S 

J<>plin 933 

Kanaaa City 93 

Moberly 57 

SedalU 71 

Springfield 17 

St. Louia 19 

St. Louia 41 

St.Umia 85 

St. I«ottia 394 


Anaconda 91 

Butte City 88 

Uvingston 168 


Omaha 31 

Nbw Hampshibb. 

Concord 976 


Camden 349 

Bliaabeth port ..315 

Hbboken 351 

Newark 340 

{eraey City 304 
'ateraon 344 

Nbw Mbxico. 

Raton 97 

Albeqnerque .. .131 
Nbw York. 

Auburn 153 

Brooklyn 333 

Brooklyn 401 

Brooklyn 434 

BuiUo 945 

Builklo 330 

Tar rvt owu 4x5 

Blmfra 431 

Lockport 439 

UtUe Palla 444 

New York 320 

New York 403 

New York 405 

New York 406 

New York 434 

Newburgh 99 

Olean 175 

Port Richmond . 433 
Schenectady ...904 
Seneca Palla.... 375 

Syracuae 381 

Green point 434 

Watertown 194 

Watervleit 106 

Yonkera 00 

North Carouna. 

Raleigh 109 

Saliabury 136 


Akron 9M 

Barberton 118 

Cincinnati 65 

Cincinnati 163 


Canton ... 

Cleveland 83 

Cleveland 33^ 

Cleveland 338 

Cleveland 309 

Columbua 55 

Dayton 995 

Delaware 199 

Hamilton 341 

Lima iz6 


Mt. Vernon 84 

Newark 80 

PortamOnth ....404 
Springfield ....148 

Shelby io8 

Toledo 105 

Toledo 155 


St. Thomaa 994 

Stratford 103 

Toronto 335 


B. Portland ....l 
Portland .. 


Bradford 499 

Carbondale 303 

Brie loi 

Galeton 31 

iohnatown 78 
fancheater 338 

Meadville 397 

NewCaaUe 166 

New Brighton . . 396 

OUdty 113 

Philadelphia... 159 
Philadelphia ...317 
Philadelphia . . .303 
Philadelphia... 348 

Pittaburg 53 

Pittaburg 199 

Reading 19^ 

Sayre 396 

Scranton 930 

South Baaton ... 961 
Turtle Creek ... 222 

TituavUle 156 

Wilkeabarre ...910 
York 243 




Montreal iii 

Montreal 224 


Olnevvllle 418 

Providence 147 

SoxTTH Carolina. 

Abbeville 4^9 

Columbia 44 

Chattanooga ....56 

Tackaon 72 

Knozville 58 

Memphia 14 

NaahvUle 154 


Cleburne 416 

Deniaon 95 

Dallaa 42 

Port Worth 75 

Galveaton o 

Houaton 12 

Marahall 9 

Paleatine 38 

San Antonio ....36 

Tem^e 59 




Ogden 127 

Salt Lake dty. 106 


Alexandria 336 

Newport Newa.137 

Portamouth 441 

Richmond 10 

Roanoke i6s 

Salem 142 


St. Albana 279 


SeatUe 79 

Tacoma 102 


Ban Claire 173 

Kenoaha 34 

Milwaukee 66 

Milwaukee 300 

Milwaukee 301 

Madiaon 443 

Racine 437 

S. Milwaukee.. 432 
W. Superior.... 343 


Cheyenne 66 

Bvanaton 207 


I 50 
9 00 

ladge Plna (aolid gold) 
Badge Plna. Bar top. . . . 
Mid Gold Charm. No. 428. 5 00 
Rolled Gold Plated Charm, 

NO.%03 9 00 

loUedGold Locket 3 35 

Rituals, one aet of five too 

Conatitntlona, Bngliah ..*... 5 
Oonatitutiona, German.... 5 
AMiication Blanka per 100. 50 

Memberaldp Carda free 

Voudicr Booka 25 

RcceiptBooks 25 

Receipt Books for Bo r r o wed 
Money 10 

Punch 75 

Letter Heada, per pad of 

loosheeta 60 

Withdrawal Carda 10 

Proceedings of the Conven- 
tion 10 

Due Ledger, 50-page i 40 

Due Ledger, loo-page 9 50 

Roll Book I 00 

Minute Book 100 

CaahBook 50 

Membera' Due Books 5 

Initiation atamp 100 

Monthly due stamp (per 

capiu) 20 

Quarterly due atamp 25 

Dropped member'a rein- 
atatement stamp 100 

Grand Lodge reinatatement 
atamp (lapaed lodgea}. .. 3 00 

Grand Loose individual 
memberahip atamp 50 

Loan atampa free 

Apprenticeahip stamps— 

Moothlv 10 

Quarterly due 12^ 

Initiation 50 

Card Caaea 8 

or 75CperdaEen. 
All ordera for aup 
accompanied by tne money. 

iliea muat be 

Digitized by 




"The Perfected American 
Watch," an illustrated boolc of 
useful information, will be mail- 
ed to any address, on request. 

Please mention this Magazine 

American Waltham Watch Co., 


H emorrhoids Cured 

thoroughly by the 

R rinkerhoff S ystem 

Without use of Knife, Cautery, 

Anaesthetic or Detention 

from Business. 


WbeD bleediDg, lower the yitallty. 

When protruding, annoy the sufferer. 

When internal, cause obscure symptoms. 

When acutely Inflamed.cause severe suffering. 

When accompanied with flssure.oause Intense 
suffering. . 

When accompanied with rkstal catarrh (in- 
flammation), cause itching. 

Temporary relief can be obtained bv using 
the Brinkerhoff prescription locally. Write for 
sample; with it you will receive valuable infor- 
mation concerning the Brinkerhoff Sjrstem, to- 
gether with endorsements from people of the 
highest Integrity and standing In professional and 
business circles. This will satisfy you that a thor- 
ough cure can be affected without surgery when 
the Brinkerhoff system is employed. Address 


38-40 McVickcr's Theatre B Idg., Chicago, ill. 

I have iiMtnict«d my Western represenUtive to interview tev- 
•raJ prominent citixens of Chicago ^^o bave been treated by ttie 
Brinkerhoff System, and he reports to me that it has proven in 
their cases all that is claimed for it. These endorsements come 
from some of our moet prominent railroad officials and eitixena 
who are known to be thoroughly reliable. We present the 
Brinkerhoff System to onr readers with the assuranoe from us 
that it is very highly endorsed in Chicago. 

(Signed) W.N. GATES. 


The big wall paper combination on one side, 
aod ann-combination manufacturers on the 
other are forcing the price of wall paper lower 
than it was ever known before. 

Sears, Roebuck & Co., of Chicago, are supply- 
ing the finest grades of wall paper maoe by 
factories outside of the combination at less than 
one-half the prices most dealers charge. 

They will mall to any of our readers, free 
(postpaid) for the asking, a large book of wall 

Baper samples with lowest prices, directions 
ow to order, etc. If you need wall paper don't 
fail to write to Sears, Roebuck & Co. 

Machinists should 
patronize Journal 

Digitized by 


Botercd at Cbicago Poat-OiBce m BecoBd-ClmM Matter. 
0. DOUGLAS WILSON. Editor and Managar, W. N. GATES, Advartlalng Agant, 

960 MONOM BuxK. Chwmo. III. 29 Eucud Avi., Cliviland, Ohio. 

Vol. XI. 

Chicago, April, 1899. 

No. 4. 

ERHAPS there is no subject 
of greater importance to our 
organization — as an organ- 
ization — ^likely to come up for 
discussion when it meets 
next month in Buffalo, than the sub- 
ject of piecework. Ours has been a 
continuous struggle against this system 
of production; and the struggle has be- 
come more marked lately owing to the 
persistent effort that is being made to 
force our members into its acceptance. 
Modem methods would almost demand 
that piecework should be recognized. 
All other craft organizations except 
ours have bowed to the inevitable and 
accepted it with certain restrictions, 
.^nd it would almost seem that the 
time has come when intelligent action 
must be taken by the I. A. of M. along 
the lines adopted by other crafts. 

There is nothing to be said in favor 
of piecework. No man — even if he is 
the gainer by its introduction — can give 
any morally valid reason for its exist- 
ence. Economic thinkers, such as Karl 
Marx, gave it their strongest condem- 
nation on the ground that it encour- 
aged overexertion, overtime, exploita- 
tion and the damnable sweating system. 
It enables employers to engage more 

workers — hangers on — than they re- 
quire. This leads to uncertainty of 
employment, a surplus labor market; 
and the consequent ruinous competition 
of underpaid labor. This is when the 
system has untrammeled sway; when 
there is no restrictive influence brought 
to bear; when there is nothing to check 
its devastating ascendancy; in short, 
when the worker collectively does not 
save the worker from himself individ- 
ually. Then it is different. 

Improved machinery has brought 
about many changes, and in our trade 
particularly. Under the old system, 
when most of the work was done by 
hand, it was the rule for men to be 
masters of their craft; to take the 
drawings of a job and complete it in 
every detail; the hammer, chisel and 
file being the principal tools used. But 
with the introduction of the improved 
machine the master craftsman has been 
displaced by the specialist; the hand 
tool and the skill necessary for its use 
have both been superseded by a new 
form of skill that is machinelike and 
limited to one particular branch of pro- 
duction. This change has led to others, 
among which the most marked is the 
adoption of the piecework system, "so 

Digitized by 




as to get*' — as it is argued — "the full 
limit of what the machine will pro- 

With the continued introduction of 
improved machinery our battles as an 
organization against the piecework sys- 
tem must become more frequent, cover 
wider fields .and become more locally 
diversified. Recognizing this, would it 
not be better to emulate the example of 
other crafts and consider piecework as 
the inevitable, and dd the same as they 
do — control it? It is worth while be- 
tween now and the beginning of next 
month to give this subject careful con- 
sideration, so that the delegates who 
assemble in Buffalo will be able to act 
intelligently on the subject. 

Geo. Warner of New York says that 
he is astonished that none of the boys 
from his section of the country has got 
off a joke to the effect that the dog 
show lately held in that city was a 

howling success. 


Professor George D. Herron of the 
University of Iowa, has come out with 
a statement that will astonish a great 
many, particularly those who labored 
under the impression that the late war 
with Spain was entered into in the 
"cause of humanity." From Professor 
Herron's statement it would seem that 
the war was the result of a conspiracy 
on the part of the capitalist class to 
add to their ill-gotten gains. This is 
what he says: 

I derive my Information from a man 
prominent In public life. Prom what he 
has told me and from documents which 
I now possess I know many terrible 
things. I can state positively that our 
beiniT plunired into a war with Spain was 
brouirbt about, to a great extent, through 
a conspiracy of the men who would profit 
by such a national calamity. 

The conspirators met in one of the 
srreat cities and made plans for subsi- 
dizing important newspapers, for fur- 
nishing communications to Cuban Insur- 
gents and for other purposes which 
would in all likelihood bring the results 
which they so much desired. The ex- 
penses were borne by all. The profits 
were to be derived from government 
contracts and by stock jobbing. I think 
that it would be a safe and conservative 
statement to say that they profited to 

the extent of fully $30,000,000. I POS- 

I cannot disclose its details until per- 
mission is granted, but I am certain that 
my informant will give me the detdred 
privilege as soon as we have, as a nation, 
entered again upon a peaceful state, pos- 
sibly when the president's war . Investi- 
gating committee has finished its work. 

During one week last month the pro- 
moters of trusts were more than usually 
industrious. Some of the combinations 
effected, and amounts of money they 
represented were: 

Soap 175.000,000 

Smelting 65.000,000 

Iron 20.000.000 

Cement 50,000,000 

Steam pumps 27,500.000 

Woolens 60,000,000 

Dyewoods 10,000,000 

Knit goods 50,000.000 

Combinations of rolling-mills, ship- 
yards, chewing-gum, copper, flint-glass, 
and various other lines have also been 
talked of. 

One would niiturally think that the 
stability of those tremendous com- 
binations would be judged by the 
amount of capital invested, but the fol- 
lowing incident, which is given by a 
New York newspaper, will throw a 
little light upon how they appear to 
the people who promote them. Ac- 
cording to this newspaper it seems that 
a promoter who had seen a chance to 
monopolize a commodity had obtained 
the necessary options, and had arranged 
for the financing of the deal, was in the 
office of the prospective president of 
the nascent trust. When the ques- 
tion of terms came up the organizer 
refused to accept any except a cash 
consideration. He was given the argu- 
ments he had used with others about 
the value of the stock, but to no avail. 
He insisted on and received $150,000 in 
cash for his services. Although he had 
extolled the scheme in all quarters, he 
did not care to take chances on its 

It might be interesting to know 
something about the inner working of 
these great organizations, and what 
they are thought of by men prominent 
in their formation. A corporation law- 

uigitized by VjOOQIC 



yer who has had great experience in 
dealing with trusts, had this to say 
lately about their capitalization: 

"The preferred stock generally indi- 
cates the value of the plants taken into 
the 'combine/ together with the amount 
of the working cash capital. An equal 
amount of common stock generally 
goes with the preferred stock, so that 
double the preferred stock, subtracted 
from the total capitalization, in* many 
instances, represents the amount of 
stock which goes to the promoters, 
while the diflference between the pre- 
ferred stock and the total amount of 
the capitalization makes up what is 
commonly known as water in the or- 

'The public recognizes this rule 
quite generally, and these combinations 
generally go on to the market at such 
a price that the original market value 
of the preferred stock, together with the 
market value of the common stock, 
make par. That is to say, the common 
going at 50, one will usually find the 
preferred at 70, so that a share of com- 
mon and a share of preferred taken to- 
gether sell for the par value of one 
share of stock. This proposition, when 
it first started, was new, but, like Co- 
lumbus's egg, has been passed around 
so many times that it is no longer re- 
garded by the public as a feasible prop- 

Roswell P. Flower, in an interview 
with the aforementioned newspaper, 
maintains that a number of recently or- 
ganized monopolies are on a sound and 
lasting footing. "Within my personal 
knowledge," said he, "there are three 
or four trusts which are built to last, 
because, first, they are not overcapi- 
talized; second, they can control their 
market to a certain degree; and, third, 
Ihey are conducted on honest prin- 
ciples. Such concerns are for the pub- 
lic good. They reduce the waste and 
tend towards lower prices and better 
goods. There have been organized, 
however, a great many flimsy trusts, 
which will have served their purpose 
when their promoters have taken profits 

based on fictitious values. These can- 
not last. They are certain to break at 
some time in the future, and when they 
do they may cause very widespread 

There was one incorporation that was 
organized on a basis somewhat differ- 
ent from the usual plan of stock-water- 
ing. The preferred stock of this com- 
pany is said to represent only the cash, 
working capital, and bankable assets of 
the constituent companies. The com- 
mon stock represents plants, real estate, 
machinery, and all tang^ible but not 
bankable assets. A third class of stock 
was created, known as deferred-debent- 
ure stock, which is subordinate by the 
terms of the charter to the common 
stock, to the preferred stock, and to the 
creditors of the company. This stock 
is issued for intangible assets, such as 
good will, and has no voice in the man- 
agement of the company, no vote in its 
affairs, nor is it entitled to dividends 
in any year, until both the common and 
preferred stock have been paid their 
respective dividends, and then only to 
the extent of 6 per cent. The deferred 
stock is to be used for the purpose of 
paying the underwriters, promoters, and 

During a discussion upon the subject 
of free and open churches at the com- 
bined Conferences of the Childwall and 
Prescot Deaneries, held in St. George's 
hall, Liverpool, Eng., the Rev. Dr. Oli- 
ver, of Garston, objected to free sit- 
tings on the ground, among others, 
that it placed side by side those whom 
God had made to differ, and deprived 
the wealthy of that deference and re- 
spect which was their Divine right, and 
which was accorded to them in all the 
walks of life. What a vast knowledge 
some worms betray of the unknowable! 
How ignorant was the one who said 
that salvation was to be had "without 
money and without price." 

It will be very interesting to members 
of our organization in general, but par- 
ticularly so to those who are directly 

Digitized by 




interested, to know that the Navy De- 
partment has made public the following 
circular letter which was addressed to 
commandants of navy yards and sta- 

Your attention is Invited to the fol- 
lowing joint resolution of congress, ap- 
proved February 25, 1899: 

"Resolved, by the senate and house of 
representatives of the United States of 
America in congress assembled, That the 
Secretary of the Navy be, and is hereby, 
authorized and directed to pay 50 per 
centum additional for all work in excess 
of eight hours per diem performed by la- 
borers, workmen, and mechanics, whose 
compensation is fixed upon a basis of 
eight hours per diem, and who, between 
March 18, 1898, and October 31, 1898, were 
employed at any United States navy yard 
or naval station, and who worked In ex- 
cess of eight hours per day, and have 
not already received said additional com- 
pensation: the amount due each laborer, 
workman, and mechanic affected by the 
above to be based upon the time records 
of the several bureaus at the navy yard 
or naval station where the work was per- 

You will direct the heads of depart- 
ments at the yard or station under your 
command to furnish the yard paymaster 
with regular certified pay rolls made up 
In accordance with the terms of the 
above resolution, covering the amount 
due each man affected by the resolution. 
Vnii will also direct the paymaster upon 
pt of these certified rolls to make 
to such of the men entitled as 
in the service, and to those who 
person. The rolls will then be 
the paymaster in his accounts 
Auditor of the Navy, and any 
B not made by the paymaster the 
will be able to settle by certlfl- 
>n the whereabouts of the clalm- 
ome known. 

apartment desires that the pay 
made up and certified promptly— 
tilrty days at most— after the re- 
thls letter. 

ding to Washington dispatches 
licago newspaper the Russian 
lent has made a contract with 
dwin Locomotive Works for 
ine locomotives for the Trans- 
railroad, all of them to be de- 
vithin the next two years. The 
mpany has a contract to furnish 
locomotives to the government 
(en, ten for France, fifteen for 
nd ten for the Midland railway 

)6 we exported 312 locomotives, 
348, in 1898 580, and the con- 

tracts for 1899 already exceed that num- 
ber. It will not be long before Amer- 
ican locomotives are used on every 
great railroad in the world, because 
they are universally conceded to be the 
best made. 

The same authority says that Consul 
Smyth at Hull, in a recent letter to the 
Secretary of State, says the announce- 
ment that the Midland Railway Com- 
pany had closed a large contract for 
new locomotives with American build- 
ers "fell like a thunderclap among Brit- 
ish manufacturers," and the managers 
were compelled to make an explanation 
through the newspapers. They said that 
orders placed with British manufactur- 
ers in 1897 for forty-eight engines had 
not yet been filled and that they could 
get no definite satisfaction as to their 
delivery. "Locomotives are a necessity 
to the company,*' he continued; **we 
must have them, so the directors de- 
cided to ask tenders from America, ten 
engines each from two firms, the Bald- 
win and the Schenectady, to be deliv- 
ered within ten weeks from the receipt 
of the order." 

Mr, Boyle, our Consul at Liverpool. 

in writing on the same subject, says 

this contract has created consternation 

among the British manufacturers and a 

general protest both from them and the 


» < 

A new and gigantic trust has been 
formed with a capitalization of almost 
a billion dollars — in round numbers 
$900,000,000. It is formed of the anthra- 
cite coal interests of the east as well as 
the railroads which haul the output of 
their mines. What was formerly inter- 
ests that were antagonistic in the com- 
petitive field have now merged into one 
harmonious whole. J. Pierpont Mor- 
gan is the man, it is said, who has been 
successful in achieving this crowning 
victory of consolidation, and eight of 
the most powerful coal roads in the 
east are in the combination. 

Interested in the plan arc the Van 
derbilt interests, the Pennsylvania Rail- 
load Company, the Delaware and Lack- 

Digitized by 




awanna and the Reading. Close busi- 
ness friends of Mr. Morgan assert that 
he has been successful and that the new 
coal and railroad combination will in- 
clude the following: 

Total capital. 

The Reading Company |250,S66,250 

Delaware, Lackawanna & West- 
ern 58.608,804 

Pennsylvania railroad 129,80S,700 

arte railway 296.668,206 

Pennsylvania Coal Company 6,000,000 

New York, Ontario & western.. 76.901,860 
Central Railroad of New Jersey. 82,682.700 
New York. Susquehanna & 
Western 40,109.228 

Total .1889.108,786 

The newspapers say that as a resull 
of the consolidation the coal business 
will be handled by one centralized com- 
pany and the roads will practically turn 
over the entire coal department 10 it. It 
is estimated that about $5,000,000 will be 
saved by this consolidation and rates 
will be maintained as they have never 
been before. It will place the roads 
in a position to dictate the price of hard 
coal, as they have absolute control of 
every outlet to the mines. 

At a meeting held in Chicago of rep- 
resentative soapmakers it was agreed to 
enter into a combination of the usual 
nature — to reduce expenses, etc., which 
will include all the big soap factories of 
the United States, with a gross capital- 
ization of $75,000,000. The pooling of 
interests proposed will mean a saving 
of a million or two a year in working 
expenses alone, not to mention the gain 
that will be made by a gradual advance 
of prices which will be strictly main- 
tained, a thing impossible under the old 
cut-throat competitive system. And so 
the work goes on. Another step toward 
the final solution, when ALL the people 
shall own ALL the product in every 
avenue of human endeavor, and all the 

means for its distribution. Patience. 

» * 

There was the likelihood of trouble 
again early last month at the works of 
R. Hoe & Co., printing press manufac- 
turers. East Broadway and Sherman 
street. New York; but the State Board 
of Arbitration took a hand in the mat- 
ter, with the result that the threatened 
strike was averted. District 15 of our 
organization, as well as Geo. Warner, 

the business agent at New York, are 
particularly jubilant over the settlement. 
Mr. W. F. Council of the Board of Ar- 
bitration represented the employes of 
the Hoe company and the I. A. of M. 
and succeeded in getting the following 
document signed, sealed and delivered: 

Understanding and stipulation entered 
into this 10th day of March 1889. between 
R. Hoe & ACo. and their machinist em- 

R. Hoe & Co. will pay to all men em- 
ployed on machinist work by them a min- 
imum rate of wages of 12.60 per day, and 
to all machinists hereafter to be em- 
ployed by them the said rate of wages of 
12.50 per day shall be paid to such em- 
ploye or employes upon entering into the 
employment of the firm of R. Hoe & Co.. 
and all employes of the said firm that 
are now engaged upon machinists' work 
and receiving less than 12.50 per day shall, 
from the date of this agreement, receive 
the sum of $2.50 per day. or be discharged. 

No discrimination will be made in the 
employment or retention of machinists by 
reason of their membership or connec- 
tion with any organisation or committee, 
or by reason of their connection with 
matters of difference existing or which 
may exist between the firm and its men. 

All machinists now employed or here- 
after to be employed upon piecework 
shall be guaranteed their per diem rate of 
wages, regardless of piecework prices. 

All machinists' apprentices shall be al- 
lowed to earn a percentage over their 
regular wages. 

Night work shall be abolished, except in 
case of necessity, and in that case the 
wages shall be as follows: From 6 p. m. 
to 12 m. (midnight), at the rate of one 
and onc^half hours' wages for one hour's 
work; from midnight to 6 a. m., at the 
rate of two hours' wages for one hour's 
work; and that on night work from 6 p. 
m. to 6 a. m., continuously, the rate of 
wages shall be seventeen and one-half 
hours' wages for twelve hours* work; that 
all work done on Sunday and holidays 
shall be paid for at the rate of two hours' 
wages for one hour's work. 

It will not be necessary for gang bosses 
to take apprentices or helpers to work 
in their gangs against the desire of the 
gang bosses, or of the gang. 

The duties of a machinist helper con- 
sist in rigging, pulling, hauling, hoist- 
ing, lowering and any such other work as 
will not necessitate the handling of me- 
chanical tools; but the right of helpers 
to run drill presses and plain millers is 

This agreement shall take effect imme- 

This agreement may be terminated at 
any time on thirty days' written notice 
posted in the factory of the firm by R. 
Hoe & Co. 

(Signed) R. HOB & CO., 

For Employes of Firm of R. Hoe St, Co. 

uigiiizea by 



r «4:S 

. ^. - «vcli is 

-ic* at ever 

^ \,- oo< ex- 

" ,^ K^ the bill 

^ . v* * '^^ South 

.-ox >o much as 

V ,xt* c w procure its 

^ i r.<«tl of labor— 

,* ,*<^anue<l labor — it 

^^^^ x^ everyone to see 

^ ^ 0:5* of the two ap- 

X f. *ootr report. And he 

^^ ihc Labor Commission! 

.-V ,*< vkkcumcnt: 

i*vfv, from the committee on 
:st *mi labor, submitted the fol- 
^'^ 1 .•<*^ of the minority: 
'-S, .-^rsigned, a minority of the 
-t^ on education and labor, be- 
^*\*«i»\liinff to concur in the conclu- 
"t^x K^ the majority of the committee 
:r .;^H^rt\H. R. 7389) without recom- 
'^v^iion, beg leave to submit the fol- 
ovktni? views: 
rhe bill provides, section i— 
That the time of service of all laborers 
• . V employed upon any public works 
\f or d^e for the United States • • • 
i-hMher said work Is done by contract or 
JtSfrwIse Is hereby limited • • ♦ to 
!|X hours in any one calendar day, and 
ft shall be unlawful for • • • any per- 
i^n acting? for the United States • • • 
nr any contractor or subcontractor for 
any part of any public works or work 
Hone for the United States, or any person 
whose duty It shall be to control the ser- 
vices of such laborers • • • to require 
or oermlt them or any of them to labor 
more than eight hours In any one day. 
Except in cases of fire, flood, and so 

The second section provides that ev- 
ery contract made for or on behalf of 
the United States, etc., which may in- 
volve the employment of laborers shall 
stipulate — 

That no laborer • • • In the employ 
of the contractor or any subcontractor 
doing or contracting to do any part of the 
work contemplated by the contract shall 
be • ♦ ♦ permitted to work more than 
eight hours. 

This fine is the penalty of doing, or 
permitting to be done, the unlawful 
thing of working men over eight hours 

in one day. The fine is to be collected 
by the simple process of deducting it 
from the amount due the contractor by 
the government, without any judicial 
ascertainment of the offense or without 
allowing the alleged guilty person to be 
heard in court. 

The pardoning power is set aside ex- 
cept in case of the finding and certify- 
ing of an error of fact. 

The undersigned are of opinion that 
the power of congress to enact police 
regulations stands on the same basis as 
all its legislative power. That power 
springs from specific constitutional 
grant, or by necessary implication from 
a specific grant. That congress have 
power to enact police regulations in ter- 
ritories or over works exclusively be- 
longing to the government or nation 
the undersigned admit; but that con- 
gress can, directly, or under color of a 
contract, or by any other indirect meth- 
od, extend its police power over and 
among the states they most earnestly 

The police power is left with the 
states, or to the people. It can not be 
usurped by the federal government 
without endangering the sovereignty of 
the people in its vital part. It is no- 
where delegated to the general govern- 
ment. When exercised at all, as exer- 
cised it can be, it must be by implica- 
tion from express authority. It can be 
exercised over the District of Columbia 
and the territories, because they are un- 
der the exclusive jurisdiction of con- 
gress, the former permanently, the latter 
temporarily, until such time as congress 
may choose to admit them into the 
Union as states. It is also exercised 
over government employes employed in 
the government service. 

And comprehended in the police pow- 
er, and that power only, is that of reg- 
ulating hours of labor. It is contended 
that the insertion into a contract of a 
compulsory stipulation which embodies 
a law of congress is part of a voluntary 
contract. To hold that that is a volun- 
tary contract about which the contractor 
with the government has nothing to say 
is a solecism. The contractor consents 
to do certain work, or perform certain 
services, for so much money. This is 
voluntary. When there is a general law 
compelling him to work his laborers so 
many hours, or in such a manner, con- 
sent departs and obedience intervenes. 
By no straining of logic can a statute 
be converted into a contract. The one 
is a rule of conduct, as to which no con- 
tractor has anything to say. The other 
is a consensus of wills, as to which both 
parties have all to say. 

uigiiizea by 




But even if the original contractor can 
be held to a voluntary stipulation bind- 
ing him to work the laborers on the 
work to be constructed by him so many 
hours only, and can be punished for 
violating the stipulation, by what prin- 
ciple can he be vicariously punished for 
the default or alleged crime of his sub- 

The bill provides an effective method 
of inflicting the penalty and of enforcing 
it. The government simply deducts the 
amount of the penalty from the amount 
due the contractor by the government. 
No judicial ascertainment of the offense 
is provided for, and no hearing of the 
alleged culprit is allowed. Summarily, 
and without due process of law, the of- 
fender is deprived of his property for 
his own or for another's offense, as the 
case may be. 

The majority report, without recom- 
mendation, the following amendments: 

Nor shall this act apply to contracts for 
the purpose of the ordinary supplies of 
the government, whether manufactured 
to conform to particular specifications or 
not. Nor shall it apply to contracts for 
such materials as may be usually pur- 
chased in the open market. 

"Ordinary supplies" and materials 
that may be "usually purchased in the 
open market** are such that no contract 
with reference to their manufacture is 
usually necessary on the part of the con- 
tractor or subcontractor. They are gen- 
erally in stock, but if not the bill allows 
the contractor, or subcontractor, to 
contract for their manufacture without 
incurring its penalties. It seems to the 
undersigned that the exemption of ar- 
ticles usually made and consequently 
requiring the services of a great many 
workmen, and embracing those not usu- 
ally made, is a confession of the im- 
politic character of this legislation. If 
by this legislation it is sought to im- 
press the workmen in the states that 
sound economy and wisdom require an 
eight-hour law, it ought to embrace 
work with which they are familiar and 
in which they are usually engaged. 

There is nothing to show how or in 
what manner the government or the la- 
borers are to be benefited by the bill. 
^Representatives of labor organizations, 
embracing a small portion of the labor- 
ers of our country, have pressed it with 
great earnestness. Employers of labor 
have resisted it with equal earnestness. 
The employers of labor declare that they 
must decline to take government con- 
tracts if the law is enacted, and the rep- 
resentatives of labor do not show that 
the condition of the laborer, working 
more than eight hours per diem, is so 

intolerable as to require the passage of 
the law. 

On Aug. I, 1892, the following act was 
adopted by congress: 

That the service and employment of all 
laborers and mechanics who are now or 
may hereafter be employed by the Gov- 
ernment of the United States, by the 
District of Columbia, or by any con- 
tractor or subcontractor upon any of the 
public works of the United States or of 
the said District of Columbia, is hereby 
limited and restricted to eight hours in 
any one calendar day; and it shall be 
unlawful for any officer of the United 
States Government or of the District of 
Columbia, or any such contractor or sub- 
contractor, whose duty it shall be to 
employ, direct, or control the services 
of such laborers or mechanics, to require 
or permit any such laborer or mechanic 
to work more than eight hours in any one 
calendar day except in cases of extra- 
ordinary emergency. 

Sec. 2. That any officer or agent of the 
Government of the United States or of 
the District of Columbia, or any con- 
tractor or subcontractor, whose duty it 
shall be to employ, direct, or control any 
laborer or mechanic employed upon any 
of the public works of the United States 
or of the District of Columbia, who shall 
intentionally violate any provision of this 
act shall be deemed guilty of a misde- 
meanor, and for each and every such of- 
fense shall, upon conviction, be punished 
by a fine not to exceed one thousand dol- 
lars or by imprisonment for not more 
than six months, or by both such fine and 
imprisonment, In the discretion of the 
court having jurisdiction thereof. 

Sec. 3. That the provisions of this act 
shall not be construed so as to in any 
manner apply to or affect contractors or 
subcontractors, or to limit the hours of 
dally service of laborers or mechanics en- 
gaged upon the public works of the 
United States or of the District of Co- 
lumbia for which contracts have been en- 
tered into prior to the passage of this act. 

The undersigned think this legislation 
goes as far as the congressional power 
extends over the subject-matter. Under 
it the eight-hour-law is extended to la- 
borers and mechanics employed by the 
Government of the United States, or the 
District of Columbia, or by any con- 
tractor or subcontractor on **any of the 
public works of the United States or of 
the District of Columbia." The viola- 
tion of the eight-hour provision by any 
officer or agent of the government or of 
the District of Columbia is made a mis- 
demeanor and punished after conviction 
by fine not to exceed $1,000, or impris- 
onment not to exceed six months, or 
both, at the discretion of the court. 

The novel principle of making an act 
"unlawful,** determining the fact of un- 
lawfulness ex parte by the government 

Digitized by 


1 88 


denouncing it as such, and then mulct- 
ing the offender in a fine without judi- 
cial process and without hearing, is not 
found in it. 

The theory that by compelling inser- 
tion of the provision regulating the 
hours of labor and employment into 
contracts between the government and 
its contractor the provision becomes a 
stipulation in a civil contract is entirely 
unsound. The provision is nothing 
more than the law. Whether that law 
is good or not is the question. It can 
not be obscured nor smothered by be- 
ing enveloped in the folds of an ordi- 
nary civil contract. Even if the law 
could thus be metamorphosed, and be- 
come an ordinary stipulation agreed to 
by the parties, it would be an intolerable 
hardship for one of the parties to re- 
cover a penalty for no damages or loss 
accrued or sustained and without a 
hearing of the other party. The so- 
called contract, as regards the labor 
clause, is a punitive statute pure and 
simple, and possesses no features of a 
civil contract- 

The act of Aug. i, 1892, extends the 
congressional power of regfulating labor 
over territory and on works belonging 
to the United States. There the under- 
signed desire to leave it. The bill re- 
ported extends this power to every con- 
ceivable contract, in any part of the 
United States, for all supplies and ma- 
terial it may need. To ships, bridges, 
harbor works, levees, reservoirs; wheth- 
er the work or the material belong to 
pri\*ate individuals or not; whether the 
labor required is of that character ad- 
mitting of twelve hours without detri- 
ment to the laborer or four hours with 
detriment — the same inflexible law must 
apply. A teamster hauling blocks of 
stone; a wood chopper cutting timber, 
accustomed from in&ncy to labor in a 
temperate climate from ten to twelve 
hours a day; a fireman at a furnace; an 
engineer at a throttle valve, accustomed 
to six hours — all come under its opera- 
tion when engaged on any work for the 
government and in what state soever 
they may work. 

The undersigned are of opinion that 
the bill is unconstitutional. They alM> 
think it is impolitic. 

The subject of regulating hours of la- 
bor is one of great moment. Civilized 
countries generally protect those who 
can not protect themselves in the matter 
of hours of labor. Women and children 
require the paternal hand of govern- 
ment to shield them against the greed 01 
capital and the indifference and |h^v- 
erty 01 their natural protectors Cn>v- 
cniments claim and exercise the v\^\m 

to see that proper ventilation, warmth, 
and other safeguards to health are fur- 
nished and used in crowded factories. 
Beyond providing for the health, safety, 
and comfort of the toiling masses gov- 
ernments can not safely go. In some 
exceptional cases, in the exercise of 
their high prerogatives and duties, gov- 
ernments undertake to regulate the 
hours of labor, but this must be done 
with the greatest circumspection and 

The undersigned think it is self-evi- 
dent that, concerning the constitution- 
ality and expediency of regulating the 
hours of labor of the infinite variety of 
laborers engaged or to be engaged on 
the public works of this great govern- 
ment, with all their ramifications, the 
uniform regulation of eight hours to all 
sorts and conditions of laborers and la- 
bor would be unwise. The subject would 
necessitate, for an indefinite period, 
most patient and scientific research. We 
can not agree with the majority of the 
committee in reporting the bill and 
amendments without recommendation. 
We feel constrained by a sense of dutv 
and conviction to recommend an ad- 
verse rei>ort. 


The International .\s.sociation of Ma- 
chinists collectively and individually 
worked hard and honestly in the in- 
terest of the bill known as H. R. 
7389. Bushels of letters were writ- 
ten to every senator. Men who 
never before took an interest in 
politics went after their representa- 
tives in the United States senate with 
a vim in the interest of this bill. An ex- 
pensive lobby ^^-as maintained in Wash- 
ington in its interest. A special meet- 
ing was called — see last month's Jour- 
nal — tif the men i^ho are foremost in the 
ranks t>f laU.^r, to swo<^p down on the 
senile and demand that this bill be 
made the law ot the land. .\ll has gone 
for naui^ht. F.verythinj? and ever>'body 
in connection with labor was ignored 
and the bill is dead a< the proverbial 
di>or nail! 

This >xiU no douhi prove dishearten- 
ing to many; niany will jrve up the 
slTuc»jlo in dc^fvAir and sa> that nothing 
can W liAd hy law. Perhaps not. But 
nia> 11,-^0 \\c bave j?one aN^ut it in the 
wron»i wax Pc'bapN — no maner how 

Digitized by 




good our intentions were — we didn't 
just start at the right end. Supposing 
we had men from our own class to rep- 
resent us in the United States senate, 
instead of having, as we now have, a 
class who have made it a millionaire's 
club, do you think the eight-hour bill 
wouldn't pass? Before we try to get it 
passed again let us send men from our 
own ranks to represent us INSTRUCT- 

We have trifled too long with that 
class which has no interest in common 
with us; we have listened too long to 
the song of the siren. This ought to be 
a lesson to us never to be forgotten, 
and ought to awaken those who have 
been lulled to sleep by the fair prom- 
ises of those who betray. Make sena- 
tors of men from our own ranks, and a 
bill will be passed — not only an eight- 
hour bill for government employes, but 
a five or a six-hour-a-day bill, aflfecting 
every worker in the United States! 
Vote your own men into the senate, and 
the house, and every legislature in the 
land. Then, and not till then, will you 

get labor legislation. 

— ■ * 

Bro. Ackerman, of Washington, 
D. C, sends in the following good 

The victory is won; the fight is over. 

House resolution No. 307, authoriz- 
ing the Secretary of the Navy to pay 
fifty per cent additional for all work 
in excess of eight hours, performed be- 
tween March i8th, 1898, and Nov. ist, 
1898, passed the house of representa- 
tives on Saturday, Feb. nth, and the 
senate on Thursday, Feb. i6th, and now 
only awaits the approval of the Presi- 
dent, which we feel assured is all 
O. K. 

Thus, you see, the I. A. of M. has 
gained another big victory, and one 
which means about $600,000 to be dis- 
tributed among about 12,000 workmen. 

We have begun to feel the good ef- 
fects of it already. Another brother and 
myself went around in the shop in 
which I work and secured about thirtv 

applications to-day and believe the 
number will reach one hundred and 
fifty in that shop alone. 

I write by same mail to sister lodges 
located at other navy yards, telling 
them the news, and hope it will have 
a similar eflTect on them, particularly 
as I saw in the Journal a statement 
that one of the largest yards was prac- 
tically unorganized, although they had a 
lodge right in their midst. 

So here are three cheers for the 
I. A. of M. and best wishes for the 


» < 

The Journal would call attention 
to a correction made in the advertise- 
ment of the Cleveland & Whitehill 
Company which was run a couple of 
months ago ; it should read as follows : 

''Keystone overalls, and Apron-over- 
alls,'* instead of "Keystone overalls and 

This firm makes a most excellent 
apron-overall, which they desire to 
bring prominently to the attention of 
our members. They stand on an eight- 
een years* record as a union house and 
are worthy of commendation. 

It matters little where I was born. 

Or If my parents were rich or poor; 
Whether they shrank at the cold world's 
scorn , 
Or walked In the pride of wealth secure; 
But whether I live an honest man, 
And hold my integrity firm In my 
I tell you, brother, plain as I am. 
It matters much! • 

It matters little how long I stay. 

In a world of sorrow, sin and care; 
Whether in youth I am called away. 
Or live till my bones and pate are 
But whether I do the best I can 
To soften the weight of 'adversity's 
On the faded cheek of my fellow-man. 
It matters much! 

It matters little where be my grave. 

Or on the land or on the sea; 
By purling brook or 'neath stormy wave, 

It matters little or naught to me; 
But whether the angel of death comes 
And marks my brow with his loving 
A.s one that shall wear the victor's crown. 
It matters much! 

—Australian Workman. 

uigitizea by 



LIEUT. B. H. CARBY, Co. B.. loth Regt. Pcnn. Volunteer Infantry. 
Member of the International Association of Machinists. 

Digitized by 






■••*■■' i •» • 
; «• ■! • t ' • - » « • 

t • '•*■,•*. 4» J ,.■ ,'. •• 

. .. I . . - \ 

• • rf ■ ■ * * ■ • • • 

. \\ 


* I ' t 

\ .- 

• • i ■ . « I i 


> r « % 

■ • ' .f • rf * ' '*. 
•• •> * ,t • ■ . 

• • ■ . • • 

» - * i ; 

ft • • ' 

•!,'*■• • 

f I- 

Digitized by 




twelve hours each, one shift starting at 
12 noon and lastinjg^ nntil 12 midnight, 
and this shift having performed eight 
hours at 8 p. m. wotild receive fifty per 
cent additional for the next four hours, 
or receive in all fourteen hours' pay, 
while the other shift, which started at 12 
midnight, would not have performed 
eight hours even before the time limit 
(6 a. m.) expired, and therefore would 
only receive, in all, twelve hours' pay. 
and viewed in the fact that the men on 
the .fir^t shift had the cool night to 

slec] ' ' 


A hearing was given the overtime 
committee before both the house and 
senate naval affairs committee, and the 
resolution was reported to the house of 
representatives on Jan. 28, 1899, by Mr. 
Rixcy of Virginia, and to the senate by 
Senator Perkins of California on Feb. i. 

In their report they stated: '*The 
committee are of the opinion there is no 
sound reason for the discrimination 
which existed between March 18, 1898, 
and Oct. 31, 1898, and they therefore 
report the resolution with a favorable 



J. B. Liroerioc. J. F. Praoke. W.L. Skirvin. R. H.Lewis. 

B. G. Ladd. W. P. Ackerman. Rob't Hamilton. 

( Chairman). 

one had to work there where the night 
air gave them malaria and chills and 
fever, had to sleep during the hot sum- 
mer hours and received no extra pay. 
it was unjust. 

The Secretary acknowledged the in- 
justice of it, but stated he felt unable to 
go any further of his own authority, 
and so. after consulting with Senator 
J. C. Burrows of Michigan, had the 
Senator introduce a joint resolution (S. 
R. 195) authorizing the Secretary to pay 
the men in accordance with his amend- 
ment to the Regulations, dated Nov. i. 

The same resolution was introduced 
in the house of representatives by Mr. 
J. F. Rixey of Virginia (H. Res. 307). 

recognized Mr. Rixey to ask unanimous 
consent for the immediate consideration 
of the rest)lution (H.^Res. J07). and af- 
ter a little comment by several con- 
grc^ismen it was passed. 

On Thur>sday. Feb. 16, Senator Bur- 
rows asked unanimous consent for the 
immediate consideration of the same 
resolution in the senate, and it was ac- 
cordingly pa'ised. 

It was signed by Speaker Reed on 
Feb. 17 and bv Vice-President Hobart 
on the i8th. 

It was then sent to President McKin- 
U> and received his signature on the 


rims is emU'il a tight which gives 

uigiiizea by VjOOQiC 



about six hundred thousand dollars to 
between ten to twelve thousand work- 

The committee, which consists of W. 
F. Ackerman, chairman; R. Henry 
Lewis, secretary; John F. Franke, 
treasurer; B. G. Ladd, Wm. L. Skir- 
vin, John B. Simering and Robt. Ham- 
ilton, have worked hard, their eflforts ex- 
tending over a period of ivs^ months, 
and their total expenditures amounting 
to one hundred and forty-four dollars 
and seven cents ($144.07), 

The success of the project is due to 
the unremittent labors of the members 
of the committee, they having sacrificed 
all their leisure time in the prosecution 
of the plans laid out. 

It consisted of a continual scheming 
and intriguing, interesting this con- 
gressman or senator and conciliating 
that one. 

The success is also due to the special 
interest taken in the matter by Senators 
Burrows of Michigan, Martm of Vir- 
ginia, and Chandler of New Hampshire, 
and Congressmen Rixey of Virginia. 
Bull of Rhode Island, Cummings of 
New York. Southard of Ohio, and Har- 

mer of Pennsylvania, all of whom, with 
Secretary Long, have been sent a set 
of resolutions thanking and commend- 
ing their actions in relation to the over- 
time question, and it is requested that 
the several lodges in these states will 
express their thanks as well for the kind 
treatment of these honorable gentlemen. 

The benefits which this victory ren- 
ders to the International Association of 
Machinists does not consist simply of 
an individual pecuniary one to its mem- 
bers, as is plainly shown^ 
meeting following t)| 
number of new applica 
Columbia Lodge nea| 
total of one hundred 
and the other lodges ll 
cinity of the other nal 
and will receive large aq 
will hustle. 

With three cheers for the Internation- 
al Association of Machinists and with 
hopes of it always attaining as great a 
degree of success in all it undertakes, 
the overtime committee now makes its 
final devoirs to the readers of the Jour- 
nal, with thanks for their kind indul- 



AVING been a delegate to 
three consecutive conventions 
of the A. F, of L., and being 
in doubt for the first time as 
to whether I had acted as a 
majority of our organization 
had desired, I invite criticisms of my 
official actions at the Kansas City con- 
vention. This doubt was caused by the 
receipt of a letter from one of our 
lodges in Cleveland requesting an ex- 
planation of my vote on the so-called 
Tobin resolution. Believing as I do 
that a delegate when elected must bury 
his personal views and become the ser- 
vant and not the dictator of those who 
elect him, I voted against the aforesaid 

Let it be understood that I am a so- 
cialist so long as it does not interfere 
with my trades unionism, but I do not 
believe that the membership of the A. 
F. of L. arc prepared to adopt a so- 
cialist plank in their platform as yet. 

Time and education works wonders, 
and it may eventually come. 

I have been asked if I was coerced by 
the G. M, M. into voting that way. 
For the benefit of those who do not 
know me personally the man is not born 
who could coerce me into doing any- 
thing against my sense of duty. To 
those who know me no explanation is 
necessary. I will admit that I conferred 
with O'Connell and Reed on this ques- 
tion and finding them divided I used 
my own judgment. It would be taking 
up valuable space to go into details of 
the events that transpired at the con- 
vention. They having been fully cov- 
ered by my colleagues, O'Connell and 

Apologizing even for this and hoping 
the criticisms will be short if not sweet, 

I remain yours fraternally, 
The Business Agent of Dist. 15, N. Y. 

and vicinity. 

Digitized by 



BY P. J. COHLOK. G. B. B. 

HE one great drawback of 
labor organizations to in- 
crease their membership lies 
in the misunderstanding of 
the vital principles upon 
which it is founded. To the 
average non-unionist the very first idea 
that comes into his head when asked to 
join a labor organization is that he will 
immediately be a party of a general 
strike. This simple word has more ter- 
rors than all the other words in the dic- 
tionary, aye, even than murder itself, for 
many can see imaginary riots, bomb 
throwing and the incendiaryism hiding 
behind that little word. 

Now let us analyze the word: The 
dictionary says **a strike is the act of 
workmen in any trade or branch of in- 
dustry when they leave their work with 
the object of compelling the masters to 
concede certain demands made by 
them." Nothing is said of force or 
murder, riot or fire, so where the imag- 
inary impression comes from I am at a 
loss to account for. I have heard re- 
cently many assertions by men who pro- 
fess to be labor leaders that the days of 
strikes have passed and that they are 
no more an effectual weapon to gain 
the desired end. Now, having had the 
experience of being in nine strikes dur- 
ing my earthly sojourn, I surely ought 
to know what I am writing about when 
I say to these labor leaders that they 
are laboring under a delusion when 
they say the days of strikes are past. 
For it is not and never will be, and the 
organization that promulgates that doc- 
trine as a preamble, or law, is a dismal 
failure and of no earthly use to the 
labor movement generally. 

Strikes are a necessity which cannot 
be avoided. They are the harbingers 
of peace to nine-tenths of all the labor 
organizations of the world. Without 
strikes what would our labor organiza- 
tions be? Mere meaningless mutual 
admiration societies. It is the fear of 
strikes that compels recognition of 
them, and without labor organiza- 
tions what would this world of 

ours be? A state of anarchy, 
riot, murder and incendiarism. La- 
bor organizations are, therefore, the 
conservative power upon which rests 
the very foundation of govern- 
ment, for without them the government 
would be in constant danger of col- 
lapse. To prove this is no arduous task, 
and I only ask my reader to consider 
for one moment the result if, on and 
after April 15th, we should, by mutual 
consent, disband every labor organiza- 
tion in the country — not leave a ves- 
tige of one of them. Do you honestly 
and candidly believe that the conditions 
under which we are at present existing 
would continue? Do you believe that 
the employer generally, having no op- 
posing power whatever and at Uberty to 
treat his employe as he saw fit, would be 
that magnanimous that he would not 
take advantage of the opportunity to 
turn the screws a little tighter? Even 
say that your employer was a Very gen- 
erous one and would not seek to take 
the advantage, please, remember that 
there are other employers in the same 
business who are not of the same type, 
and competition for a market would 
force him to take the advantage or re- 
tire from business. 

Competition becomes sharper and 
sharper, while the workmen's wages 
are going down, down, and hours get- 
ting longer and work getting harder. 
Where is this to end? No organization, 
no leader to consult, eveiything in dis- 
order. Men could no longer be able 
to earn enough by honest toil to keep 
body and soul together, however hard 
they might try; finally would be driven 
to desperation and plunder, rob and be- 
come riotous mobs! 

Here we have a picture where the 
word strike is not to be considered, 
still all the calamities attributed to it are 
brought forth. It must be evident, then, 
that a strike is just what we make it. 
Labor organizations are fotraded to 
prevent strikes, as far as possible, by 
wise meditation and calm arbitration. 
.And it is a well known fact that more 
strikes are inaugtirated by non-union 
men than by union men. A strike is 
to be avoided at all times if possible. 

Digitized by 




They arc not a pleasant condition to be 
placed in. In fact, it is one of the most 
serious predicaments a workman can be 
placed in. To him it means that all he 
holds dear must be sacrificed for prin- 
ciple. Probably the manufactory he is 
employed in is the only one of the kind 
in his town. He may have worked for 
years in this same concern and by close 
application to work accumulated con- 
siderable property. The day of the 
strike comes on. Conditions have been 
forced upon him, little by little, until 
it has become at last unbearable. Arbi- 
tration has failed, all means to right the 
existing wrongs have proved futile, and 
there are only two things to do, either 
submit to still greater indignities in 
time or strike! Will any labor leader 
stand up and say the day of the strike 
has passed? In this case this man does 
not want to strike, his happiness, situa- 
tion, home and property is centered in 
this town, and it is the knowledge of 
this fact by his employers that cause 
them to refuse to arbitrate. But condi- 
tions at all times can go just so far and 
no farther. They become unbearable 
and the ultimate end is a general strike. 
The result of a strike is generally gov- 
erned by public opinion. It is therefore 
the tactics of the employer to at once 
rush into print with an ex parte state- 
ment of the cause of the strike, and, if 
possible, poison the minds of the public 
against the workmen. But if the dear 
public would only stop to consider the 
seriousness of the affair to the average 
worker and dwell upon the fact that his 
income has been cut off, and his little 
children and wife suffer with the work- 
man. That before submitting to such 
a condition there must have been some- 
thing radically wrong with the condi- 
tions under which he was working. I 
say if they would only stop to consider 
this before forming an opinion perhaps 
the wage-earners might win; but no, 
they believe everything they see in the 
newspapers. If the newspaper says the 
sky is painted with green chalk that is 
what goes. Verily, I say unto you, the 
public is a hot mess. It reminds me of 
a little poem I once heard, and will 
herewith quote: 

A little boy, while leaning down to drink, 
Fell In a stream, and soon began to sink; 
A man in passing heard him as he cried 
For aid. and, running to the river side, 
Began to scold the boy with all his might 
For getting into such a dangerous plight. 
"Oh! save me— save me first!" the child 

"And then there will be time enough to 


Of men in trouble we may say the same: 
Assist them first, and gain the right to 

Now, another method to kill a strike 
is the injunction. For the protection of 
what? PROPERTY! 

A laughable injunction was given the 
owner of a stone quarry the other day. 
For the protection of property this same 
employer insisted on his employes fur- 
nishing their own tools and powder, 
and the only property in sight was a 
broken-down derrick and a hole in the 
ground. But next day he had a little 
property there to protect in the shape of 
two-legged animals, which I can not 
call men. This is the property they all 
want to protect, and if the government 
can protect men after a strike why in 
the name of all that is good can they 
not do the same thing before the strike? 
Then the day of the strike will be 
passed? No, but this same government 
will give to the public such stuff as the 
following: **For a long time the legal 
status of strikes in this country has been 
a matter of dispute, but of recent years 
the precedents set up by Judges Jenkins, 
Wood and Grosscup of the United 
States Courts seem to leave no doubt 
that strikes are within the reach of the 
laws against conspiracy." • 

Now, a strike is a calamity, but never- 
theless a blessing. There never was a 
strike won or lost that did not have 
its good effects. To those who probably 
lost their positions in an unsuccessful 
strike it may be hard to convince them 
of the logic of this argument, but, broth- 
ers, I have been there and know what I 
am talking about. 

I only ask you to turn back a few 
years ago to the A. R. U. strike. The 
railway managers at that time said no 
striker could ever again work for them, 
and prepared long employment lists so 
that no member of organized labor 
would be employed by them. Brothers, 
where arc these men to-day? Working 
on the very roads they were previous 
to the strike, and it's only a month ago 
that we read in this Journal of the 
management of the Southern Railroad 
recognizing the International Associa- 
tion of Machinists and granting them 
an increase of wages. We, therefore, 
have all lived up to date and the rail- 
roads have been taught a severe lesson, 
than conditions can be tolerated just so 
far and no farther. 

Now, in conclusion, since the in- 
junction fad has become so fashionable, 
it is the policy of employers who may 
have trouble with their employes to 
rush into court to have an injunction to 
prevent their wares being boycotted. I 
am a believer in retaliation, and if we 
are powerless before the courts, if they 
are so one-sided that only an employer 
can gain recognition, I say let us use 

uigiiizea oy vjv^v/pr^ivJ 



our wits to offset this, and don't wait 
for a boycott to be declared, but the 
very moment you hear of a strike let 
that be the signal for the declaring of 
a boycott without another word or ac- 
tion. Then the injunction will be mean- 
ingless. Don*t forget Benjamin Frank- 
lin's words: **Boys, we will all have to 
hang together or we will hang sep- 
Sioux City, March 12, 1899. 



Here we are, about one and a half 
billion human beings, some of them are 
huddled in large cities like potato bugs 
in a potato patch about exhausted 
through the voracity of the bugs there, 
while other people are scattered like wild 
beasts in wilderness and jungle over 
the most dismal sections of the earth. 
One billion and a half of human beings, 
we have said, they all more or less sick, 
in the flesh or in the spirit, and very 
likely in both branches of the human 
economy. Between the healthiest man 
at 25, apparently as robust as a Her- 
cules, and the invalid at the age of 60 or 
70, the difference in health is out a ques- 
tion of degree. A great many of the 
former class drop into the grave before 
the latter. What is the trouble with 
the race at large? Has God made any 
mistake in the construction of our plan- 
et? Far from that; our planet is no 
doubt the most beautifully fixed up that 
rolls in space infinite, the most wonder- 
ful and magnificent in all its one thou- 
sand and one adjustments. Do you 
know why it should be so? Because in- 
habited by the only beings who are for 
a while allowed to defy the wisdom of 
God. One such place in the universe 
must, no doubt, be enough for all prac- 
tical purposes, on a given divine ex- 
periment Infinite wisdom is not apt to 
duplicate His own processes. 

About 1900 years ago a man appeared 
in Judea proclaiming himself to be the 
Divine Legislator, coming direct from 
the Father of all men, and proposing to 
soon return to Him, to His throne of 
glory. At the age of 30 that man was 
far more completely posted up about all 
the intricacies of the human mind than 
any 5,000 wise old men in a chunk, and 
educated in the best universities, and af- 
ter fifty long years of close study in re- 
lation to what all previous wise men 
thought and wrote about our own spe- 
cies. And Jesus, the man to whom we 
refer, had spent His youth in a carpen- 
ter's shop, away from the wise people of 
His days, away from the turmoils of the 
civilization of His time. Look back 

into all historical records. You will not 
find the parallel of that man, Jesus. You 
will not even find a faint approach to 
Him. He stands sui generis in His own 
glory, in His own majesty and sub- 

And what about His knowledge on 
natural phenomena? The whole econ- 
omy of nature, in all its vast ramifica- 
tions, was His own innate property, so 
to speak. More than that, vastly more. 
He often acted, with natural forces and 
phenomena, as if they were His own 
forces and given finalities for given, 
well defined aims. Conscious of His 
own power He used it sparingly, and 
only when forced to it by the dull per- 
ceptions of the race around Him. His 
exhibitions of might over external 
forces and forms had but one object, 
that of illustrating the tangibility of all 
spiritual truth, the efficacy of the ethics 
and sublime morality He was expound- 

That divine morality and ethics, have 
we ever endeavored to understand it? 
We have done our best to understand 
everything else but that Why? For a 
very simple reason. To take in the ba- 
sic principles of that morality was sim- 
ple enough if we were willing to obey 
the injunctions it carries, to perform the 
duties it implies. We have always con- 
sidered that too much of a job, with 
nothing pleasant about it We have thus 
preferred to waste our time and brain 
powers in trying to grasp the very 
things we wotild not be able to con- 
ceive or explain, but requiring no duties 
on our part, even if they cotild be ex- 
plained and understood. It has been 
but a repetition of the old story in Eden. 
Hungry and thirsty after the wisdom 
we don't need just now, and nercr 
thirsty or hungry after the righteotis- 
ness, the ethical principles we do need 
so much if we want to realize God*s 
ideals on earth and thus obtain in 
heaven, later on, the wisdom which then 
alone shall be good for us to have. 

Take, for instance, the question of 
Christ's miracles in mere exhibitions ol 
power over mechanical phenomena or 
over the chemical orocesses of health 
and sickness in the human body. How 
we have talked and are talking, fought 
and are yet fighting against each other 
repudiating all kindness and good will 
towards each other if we don*t see fit to 
consider those miracles as results dis- 
connected from causes! And what about 
the miracle of miracles, the individtial- 
ity of lesus with that plenitude of wis- 
dom that He brought with Himsdf 
from the intinite and took back when 
He left us. having learned nothing from 

Digitized by 




us while among us, because He knew 
it all and did not need to learn any- 
thing? jEven to-day we practically de- 
ny the wisdom of Jesus, don't believe in 
it, and crucify, to the best of our ability, 
the few men who dare to assert it with 
tongue or pen by attacking the social 
injustices of every modern national 

The moral and ethical wisdom of Je- 
sus is generally considered good enough 
for our life in the heaven beyond, but 
only a bundle of platitudes in relation to 
our duties and activities on earth. We 
only accept, tis indispensable here be- 
low, what our human laws may allow. 
The idea of conforming those laws of 
ours to Christ's ethical perceptions and 
commands, that is considered preposter- 
ous, impracticable, dreamy, or anything 
else you like. 

The inevitable result of that miser- 
able philosophy of humanity thus far. 
a philosophy which we have silently in- 
corporated in our religious life and 
ideals, what can it be? Diseased, rotten 
civilizations, and hence moral disease, 
social and personal, public and individ- 
ually speaking. How can we have any 
real sound moral individual in the midst 
I of a completely immoral social organ- 
' ization. Are not individuals bound to 
be the result of the media or environ- 
ment through which influence and 
forces alone they can be bom and grow, 
develop and die? 

As for physical disease, can that be 
anything but the product of moral dis- 
ease? Does not the latter abnormalize 
the physical conditions of every one of 
us. more or less, in forms direct or in- 
direct? Besides, accustomed as we are 
to defy the moral order of God's uni- 
verse, are we going to respect any of 
God's laws in the physical order? It is 
not probable. Just as like begets like 
in all the details of physics, so disobe- 
dience in the high order of ethics shall 
bejfet disobedience in everything else 
down to the paraphernalia of sanitary 

The interdependence of all law is as 
inexorable as any other. Hence we have 
the fact that no life is sanitary but in 
proportion to the mental peace we can 
manage to enjoy. And it happens that 
never had mental peace been as difficult 
for any of us to enjoy as it is the case 
under our grand modern progress. We 
even brag about that huge abnormality 
which proves how completely our social 
pdiustments are a flat denial of the wis- 
dom of Jesus, one of whose endowments 
to men was. "My peace I give unto 
vou." A correct definition of our civil- 
ization to-day would be just the reverse 

of that sublime sentence or desire from 
Jesus. We all live as if He had told us: 
I leave you nothing but dreadful ex- 
citements and endless physical and men- 
tal struggles in the flesh and in the 

Sooner or later civilization shall be 
forced to reverse its n^odes of thought 
and action. Who shall do it? Through 
which kind of men shall the movement 
be initiated? We don't pretend to know 
anything about it For the present we 
don't see any healthy aspirations, neith- 
er with the classes nor with the masses, 
neither with the church people nor with 
those who live apart from all church or- 
ganizations. One thing is at least cer- 
tain, and that is: The upheaval of hu- 
manity to the ethics and morality of 
Jesus, the great physician, morally and 
physically, shall be found necessary, if 
civilization is ever to be something 
worthy of respect, something conducive 
to the building up of full men, willing 
to live like real brethren, through laws 
of brotherhood, ind not like pirates, 
through laws of monopoly, their real 
name being Laws of Wholesale Rob- 

God's direct and emphatic revelations 
for a healthy social reconstruction are 
here. And that reconstruction could be 
made as rapid as we like. But we must 
long for health, physical and moral, be- 
fore we have it. Demand precedes sup- 
ply even in the moral order. And what 
precedes demand? Needs felt. Do we 
feel the need of suppressing our own 
wisdom for that of Jesus? We don't, 
as yet, by a good deal, and the churches 
less than those outside of them. 

Morristown, N. J., Feb. 28, 1899. 



Realizing the importance of some ac- 
tion being taken to arouse the dormant 
feelings of wage-earners, I take this op- 
portunity to express my views of the 

I do not wish to be considered the in- 
spiring or controlling head of this 
movement; nor do I wish to be the 
originator of a crusade against capital, 
which is necessary for the development 
of the industries of the nation. But in 
conversation with my fellow-laborers I 
find the harvest ripe, and think the time 
is at hand for action. 

We want to enter our protest against 
the centralization of wealth to that ex- 
tent that it assumes dictatorial condi- 
tions. We should protest against the 
enactment of laws that are not in sym- 
pathy with the Declaration of Independ- 

Digitized by 




citcf ami the Constitution of the United 
Siaiv^ which proclaims that we are 
cnttticJ to \\l<, liberty and the pursuit 
*,*! hjttnnnev^ When the civil courts 
canttot tmlict for an anticipated crime 
\^ tiuMJeitieanor the case is then taken 
u* A vvurt oi equity, which grants an 
it»'u»KtK*n, and then where are you? 
\vHi hji\e been years working your 
v^^AnuAtt\^n up to the high position you 
tH^\^ hv>ld. Many dollars and sleepless 
wi^htx h^xe been spent to accomplish 
ibvx dtMred object, and to-day what 
K*\e xvni^ Under the present system of 
j:\^\t^rnwent an miunction seals your 
Ujvv pUces manacles on your wrists, 
*nd ^\r\>hibits you from walking the 
h»>5h\^A>> a* freemen and law-abiding 
cituens^ Why is this? The question is 
i^^ity An^wered. While you have been 
aUhH xour daily vocations the wolf in 
sheep's clothing on election day has 
been enacting laws that are making the 
rub richer and the poor poorer, form- 
niK laws to govern you *by injunction, 
the pr\>leclion of trusts and combina- 
tions of capital. 

In a short time the wealth and manu- 
fttOtoric* of this country will be in the 
hands of a few. What then? Those few, 
by legislation, and if necessary by force, 
will dictate their own terms as to com- 
pens.ilion and hours of service. 

The success of a government depends 
upon the prosperity of the people. 
Legislation should be conducted on the 
lino of the greatest good for the great- 
est number. Our form of government, 
ns handed down by the framers of the 
Constitution, was based on that theory. 
A radical departure from that system is 
i)eing inaugurated by our legislators. 
If the efforts of our law-makers were 
devoted more to devising measures to 
provide employment for the vast and 
increasing army of unemployed than to 
catering to the trusts and combinations 
of capital, our poorhouses would be de- 
populated, and crime and insanity would 
decrease. Dr. Talmage said in one of 
his sermons, unless there be some radi- 
cal change we shall soon have in this 
country four millions of hungry men. 
All the civil laws and the navy and army 
will be unable to keep them quiet. The 
long-gathering storm of discontent will 
sweep all before it. 

Oppression of the aristocracy and 
land-owners in France a hundred years 
ago created a revolution. The increase 
of the standing army is a menace to the 
wage-earner, as it may become the 
pliant tool of organized capital. The 
increase means an increase in the com- 
missioned officers that might be doled 
out to senators and representatives to 

secure their support in retaining in 
power an ambitious executive. Mili- 
tarism and imperialism are twins that 
should receive the hearty condemna- 
tion of every intelligent and patriotic 
American citizen. 

A recapitulation of the acts of our 
public officers, commonly known as 
public servants, will show them hostile 
to the interest of the masses. Usurpa- 
tion of the rights of an American citi- 
zen by any man, however exalted his 
position, will never be tolerated while a 
star or a stripe remains in our glorious 
flag. If the increased army is intended 
for a campaign of conquest against 
those who are fighting and struggling 
for liberty it cannot be denounced in 
too severe terms. Another considera- 
tion is the increased cost. Hundreds 
of millions of dollars will be needed to 
support this superfluous annex, the 
burden of which must be borne by the 
laboring class. It is only another nail 
in the poor man's coffin. 

When our soldiers set foot on newly- 
acquired territory they are looked upon 
not as deliverers from oppression, but as 
new instruments of tyranny. A refer- 
endum vote of the people would con- 
vince the most skeptical that many acts 
of our officials do not meet with their 

We do not apprehend an obstinate 
resistance by the legal authorities 
against our demands for justice. But, 
on the contrary, when the labor of this 
country marches to the ballot box in 
solid column then, and then only, will 
any concessions be made. The goaded 
ox will turn on his oppressor; why not 

The time is at hand for concentrated 
action by the wage-earner to take a 
hand in politics, and in the election 
of our public servants and not allow 
the ward heelers to manipulate things 
to their own advantage for the sake of 
the spoils accruing therefrom. We are 
drifting to a higher and wider form of 
social and economic conditions, and 
should be ready to grasp the resuUs at 
high tide, and not wait until the ebb 
and then regret the lost opportunity. 

This deep-seated disease cannot be 
conjured away by the waving of a 
magic wand, but by each individual tak- 
ing hold with a determination to do his 
share. Man's ideas should not be of a 
stereotyped form, but ever chang^ing. 
according to his environment and 

Labor is a source of wealth; but of 
this wealth the laborer receives a mere 
subsistence, the surplus being appro- 
priated by the ravenous and greedy 

Digitized by 




capitalist. Political affiliation has held 
the working man in slavery so long that 
it will be hard for him to sunder his 
ties with old parties and do his own 
thinking; but he must do it. 

For 554 days each year we are com- 
mon laborers, seeking the wherewith to 
support ourselves and families; one day 
in the year is devoted to politics; result, 
the politician defeats us in proportion 
as one is to 364. Not a fair propor- 
tion, surely. Facts will not down. The 
facts arc that each day the chains of 
slavery arc being made stronger by 
legislation, injunctions, the formulation 
of trusts and the centralization of 
wealth in the hands of a few. 

Many spasmodic attempts have been 
made to better the condition of the 
laboring class, only to relax into the 
same lethargic conditions as prevailed 
previous to the attempt. After each 
failure labor has become more con- 
vinced that it is useless to make any 
further attempt for the betterment of 
its conditions. But this is wrong. 
Emulate the ancient Spartan. Up and 
at them again. A man whose back is 
turned to the fight can never hope for 

Starting with the knowledge that poli- 
tics are not debatable in your lodge 
rooms, you certainly are not opposed to 
a discussion of questions whereby your 
conditions can be improved. This one 
thing should govern your actions, the 
advancement of your members morally, 
socially and financially, whether indi- 
vidually or collectively. 

The great question now before organ- 
ized labor resolves itself into a policy 
of demanding from our representatives 
in city, State and nation protection by 
legislation from government by injunc- 
tion and dictatorial power of consoli- 
dated wealth. It behooves all trade 
unionists and friends of organized labor 
to rally under a common standard for 
self-protection. Organized labor should 
form the nucleus in this movement, 
around which all wage-earners could 
conscientiously rally. 

Delays arc dangerous. Immediate ac- 
tion should be taken, and you can rest 
assured that before the next presidential 
election you will yourselves be a factor 
in politics. You have it in your power 
to show all, regardless of exalted posi- 
tions, that you are not mere gutter 
snipes on election day, but men asking 
for liberty, justice and your proportion 
of the proceeds of your own toil. 

We demand a more just and equal 
distribution of the fruits of toil, whether 
from the farm or workshop, thereby 
eradicating or avoiding the vast accu- 

mulation of wealth in the hands of a 
few. We do not want to raise dissen- 
sion or create trouble, but, on the con- 
trary, trouble can be avoided by timely 
action. We want firmness in our ex- 
ecutive officers and not those without 
a purpose or those that are as change- 
able as the wind. The stability of this 
Government depends upon the sons of 
toil; as they prosper so will the Gov- 
ernment prosper. There are those that 
neither toil nor spin who are most 
prominently connected with legislation, 
and their eyes, dazzled by the mighty 
dollar, are blind to the necessities ofthe 
toiling masses. 

If, after due consideration, any reader 
of this should be moved to give his 
views on the subject, I would be pleased 
to have him do so. It was a wise man 
who said: "The agitation of thought 
is the beginning of wisdom." 

Buffalo, N. Y:, March 11. 1899. 



The name socialism has been under 
reproach for many years. Men every- 
where have considered no invective 
greater when they would want to heap 
contumely upon an opponent. It has 
been classed upon a par with anarchism, 
and one has been equally despised with 
the other. The terms have been con- 
sidered by many as synonymous, both 
being loaded with deep hidden mean- 
ings, which, being rightly interpreted, 
indicate the overthrow of our present 
form of government. This misconcep- 
tion of the term has, in my opinion, 
been brought on by certain fanatics and 
enthusiasts who have claimed for them- 
selves the title when they least knew 
its true meaning. It will bie the purpose 
of these few words to explain as clearly 
as possible the import of the word as I 
understand it. 

I feel that, regardless of what view we 
take of the subject — ^that is, as to what 
limits it could be carried — it is admit- 
ted by all who have any views on the 
question that the putting into execution 
of any socialistic conception means a 
departure from our present competitive 
form of organization. If we look into 
the industrial history of society we find 
that it has passed through three stages 
—anarchy, slavery, and serfdom — ^and is 
now in the fourth, the present competi- 
tive system. We can only imagine that 
condition, to which most anarchists 
would take us back, when there was no 
government, no organization, no any- 
thing but a heterogeneous mass of peo- 
ple huddled together, every individual 

uigitized by 




seeking his own good regardless of the 
rights of others. But bs men began to 
band themselves together some rights 
of a few others were observed, but a 
very few, and those who could by force 
be brought into subjection were made 
slaves. This period has lasted ever 
since the days when Moses led the 
Israelites from Egyptian bondage to at 
least the time of the downfall of the 
Roman Empire, while it was still found 
to exist in some parts of the world even 
in the nineteenth century. The period 
of serfdom quickly followed that of 
slavery. This continued till the present 
competitive system evolved. 

In all of these diflferent periods each 
have been the product of evolution. No 
exact time can be set when one period 
ended and the other began. So gradual 
was the change that it took place when 
men were least aware of what was go- 
ing on. Now it is claimed we are in 
the midst of another change. Competi- 
tion means the useless expense of cap- 
ital, the driving down of wages, and 
merely another form of human slavery. 
To economize in the use of capital, for 
I feel to say that very little cnange is 
made in the price of labor, trusts are 
formed whereby capital becomes con- 
centrated, competition avoided, and 
profits increased. In this respect cap- 
ital is already realizing the great advan- 
tage of what socialism has long con- 
tended. But the forming of trusts is 
not that for which socialism contends. 
It not only wants to avoid competition 
of capital, but also competition of labor. 
It not only wants to increase the profits 
of the capitalist, but desires to share 
it with the laborer, and emancipate him 
from the destructive grasp of competi- 

Socialism may be defined then as that 
tendency of the people to take more 
and more the control of both means of 
production and distribution unto them- 
selves through their representative, the 
government. For instance, instead of 
letting any one company form a large 
combine of all the oil interests of the 
country and do away with competition 
of capital, let it be done under the 
direction of the government, that not 
only competition of capital be avoided, 
but also competition of labor. In other 
words, instead of there being this great 
cut-throat method of business, where 
every man is compelled, according to 
the law of the survival of the fittest, to 
first of all look after his own interests, 
even though it be to the detriment of 
his neighbor, let there be a great con- 
centration of power into the hands of 
the government of the people; and let 

it be so managed that every man may 
not only have an opportunity to work, 
but to work in that line where he can 
be most productive and useful to him- 
self and brethren. 

In conclusion I would say that the 
government is not yet ready to take up 
such a ^reat undertaking; neither is 
society ripe for it to do so. But just 
as night turns into day, as the seed 
is transformed into a large oak, as a 
babe grows into the responsibilities of 
manhood, just so must the government 
evolve into its greater responsibilities. 

Chicago Heights, 111., Feb. 14, 1899. 
» 4 




"There is a sound of revelry by 
night." The male portion of the 400 
are holding high carnival. Toasts, wine 
and song come fast and furious. Philip 
Dacre is prominent among the revel- 
lers; some of his friends realize that he 
is becoming intoxicated. They try to 
reason with him, but all to no purpose; 
he has got the bit between his teeth 
and seems determined to go the whole 
hog. He is called upon for a speech. 
and, assisted by his friends, mounts a 
table to respond to the call. He is 
greeted with drunken cheers by his 
companions, who hail him as the cham- 
pion of their class. His remarks are 
received with enthusiasm as he compli- 
ments them on the able manner in 
which they keep their workmen and the 
common people in general in subjec- 

"It is our only hope," he continues. 
"Keep up the good work. Keep them 
where they belong and all will be well." 

He is interrupted by a young man 
whose features betoken the student and 
thinker. With face flushed the youth 
denounces the expressions of Philip 
Dacre. and warns his companions to be 

"Keep the common people where 
they belong?" he says. "Yes, you'll 
keep them in misery until they turn and 
rend you in pieces. You are treading 
on dangerous ground. Aye, friends, 
over a smoldering volcano. There will 
be an eruption some day, and destruc- 
tion will follow in its wake!" 

Dacre's face flushes; he loses his 

"You are an anarchist!" he shouts. 

The youth calmly replies: "No, sir. 
I am not an anarchist. I am firmly con- 
vinced that you are the anarchist. You 
as a legislator make laws, and, while 
to the world you appear as a respector 

uigiiizea oy ^ 




of law and government, your utter- 
ances to-night prove you exactly the 
opposite. And not only your utter- 
ances to-night, but your actions in the 
past emphasize the truth of my asser- 
tion. You, to-night, are a representa- 
tive of what is supposed to be a liberty- 
Icving, and liberty-protecting govern- 
ment; a government that professes to 
lespect the rights of the poor as well 
as the rich. Yet such men as you de- 
mand — aye, and receive — the assistance 
of this very government to ride rough- 
shod over every privilege of the com- 
mon people, even to the extent of 
shooting them down like dogs if they 
dare rebel. I tell you again, you are 
the anarchist! You favor force, not 
government! Have a care, though; the 
people will not tolerate anarchy, and 
when they, through a little more bitter 
experience, discover the deceits you 
and your class have been imposing 
upon them, your continued cries of an- 
archist to every true reformer will avail 
you nothing. Realizing how long and 
how thoroughly they have been duped, 
they will turn upon their deceivers and 
destroyers, and in righteous anger re- 
turn with interest the wrongs of cen- 

The unexpected attack upon Dacre 
comes like a thunderbolt on the gather- 
ing of capitalists. For a moment their 
vocal organs are paralyzed. Only for 
a moment, though. Speech returns to 
them, and, with howls of rage and ex- 
ecrations, they turn upon the adventur- 
ous youth as if they would rend him. 

'*Out with him!" they shout. "He is 
not fit to associate with us. Out with 

They advance upon him threatening- 
ly, but, with body and head erect, he 
faces them unflinchingly and says: 

"You need not exert yourselves to 
the extent of putting me out. I will 
go out unaided; but before I go let me 
say that you will not listen to reason, 
and when anyone attempts to tell vou 
the truth you howl 'Out with him! I 
am going now, but in parting let me 
just warn you that the day is not far 
distant when the people will take up 
the same shout that has rung through 
this room to-night and howl 'Out with 
him!* to every oppressor of labor in 
our land!" 

Quietly turning from them, he passed 
out into the street and disappeared. 
Completely shocked and overcome, the 
members of the Commercial Qub 
looked into each other's faces and 
maintained silence for a few seconds. 
Suddenly Dacre burst out vehemently: 

"The fool? The idiot! The block- 
head! We should have killed him!" 

In a little while, however, the excite- 
ment abated, and in liberal libations 
of brandy and other strong liquors, they 
sought to drive from their minds the 
unpleasant truths forced upon them. 

Philip Dacre continued drinking, 
every moment becoming more reckless. 
An attendant approached with a mes- 
sage and handed it to him. Upon read- 
ing it he staggered to his feet and 
ordered his conveyance. Some of his 
friends attempted to accompany him, 
but, pushing them aside, he reeled out 
into the street. Climbing up into his 
carriage, he took the reins from his 
coachman and in a reckless manner be- 
gan to drive down the street. 

"Be careful, sir; the horses are skit- 
tish and might bolt," timidly ventured 
the coachman. 

With an oath Dacre commanded him 
to mind his own business and continued 
his mad drive. Faster and faster grew 
the pace. The experienced coachman, 
realizing that the animals were becom- 
ing unmanageable, again attempted to 
interfere, but, with an execration, 
Dacre seized the whip and savagely cut 
the already excited team. With a 
bound they dashed forward and rushed 
madly down the street at a pace that 
meant death if any obstacle was met. 
Suddenly the crisis came. Swerving 
to one side, the maddened horses 
dragged the wheels against the curb- 
stone, overturning the carriage and 
dashing its occupants with terrific force 
on the pavement. They continued their 
mad pace, dragging the remains of the 
carriage behind them. Passers-by who 
had witnessed the accident rushed to 
the spot and raised the forms of Philip 
Dacre and his coachman. Medical aid 
was summoned, but all to no purpose. 
Death had claimed his victims. Philip 
Dacre was dead. A murderer in life, 
even at its end he had dragged to death 
with him his hired man, one of the 
common people! 

Excitement prevails in the Dacre 
mansion. The beautiful Mildred is hys- 
terical. A messenger has just brought 
her news of the business failure of her 
father. He is said to be hopelessly 
ruined, and, knowing that the Hon. 
Philip is to a great extent interested in 
the same business, she gets sadly wor- 
ried and goes into hysterics. A mes- 
senger is called and dispatched to in- 
form her husband of the calamity. Alas! 
that message has been fatal. It has 
robbed her of her husband. It was 
the communication that called him so 
hurriedly from his club! 

Waiting for her husband, hysteria at- 
tacks her again and again. The sound 
of wheels stopping at the door tells of 

uigiiizea oy vjv^v^^r^LV^ 




his arrival. She rushes out to meet 
him, but starts back at the sight of men 
carrying a motionless form into the 
house. They try to prevent her from 
seeing their ghastly burden, but, rush- 
ing forward, she recognizes her hus- 
band, realizes that he is dead, and falls 
fainting into the arms of an attendant. 

Next morning the press tells of the 
failure of Dacre & Co., heavily in- 
volved in the losses of the Fairshaw 
Company, the business concern con- 
trolled by Mildred's father. The Dacre 
Manufacturing Company is bankrupt! 

The haughty, beautiful Mildred is 
humbled. Widowed and deprived of 
fortune, the future will bring to her 
some of the miseries and sorrows of the 
despised poor. Dacre is buried at the 
expense of his friends and his memory 
is cursed not only by hundreds of work- 
men, but by some of his own class, 
who have lost their means in the crash 
that ruined him. 


Private Ross of Company D, One 
Hundred and Sixth Indiana Volun- 
teers, stood on the deck of a United 
States transport bound for Cuba. His 
past life was a mystery to his comrades, 
and all attempts on their part to influ- 
ence him to refer to it had ended in 
dismal failure. He was courteous to 
all, but was not considered sociable. He 
had made no friends in the company 
and did not mix with the boys unless 
called to do so by the routine duties of 
a soldier's life. Only on one occasion 
had he shown any emotion. A letter 
covered with postmarks had reached 
him in camp and some of the boys in 
the company had seen him open and 
read it. It was said he had crushed the 
letter in his clenched hand, muttered 
curses in smothered tones, and then 
sobbed in an agonizing manner. For 
two or three days he had been morose 
and sullen and then returned to his 
quiet, retiring attitude. His duties were 
promptly executed, and his superiors 
referred to him as a model soldier. 

Poor Phil! Life had been no sine- 
cure for him. Driven from the place 
where lay the remains of her he had 
called wife, and where he had been 
forced to leave little Ted to the tender 
mercies of strangers, he had been 
driven from pillar to post. He had 
seemed branded with the mark of Cain 
and carried the curse, that his hand 
should be against every man's, and 
every man's hand against his, with it. 
Although a superior workman, he had 
found it almost impossible to procure 
employment and when on several occa- 

sions he had succeeded, it was onljr to 
find out in a few da^s that his services 
were no longer required. On inquiring 
the reason he was informed that his 
work was entirely satisfactory, but he 
was an undesirable man. In a hopeless, 
dazed condition, weak with hunger, and 
penniless, he had drifted into a recruit- 
ing office and enlisted as a volunteer 
in Uncle Sam's service. 

The letter he had received in camp 
had been sent by one of his few remain- 
ing friends, had followed him all over 
the country, and told him of little Ted's 
death in a charity hospital. Driven al- 
most to distraction by the sad news, 
he had cursed his fellow men. 

*' Curse the base, ungrateful cow- 
ards!" he had hissed through his 
clenched teeth. "After all my strug- 
gles, after all my sufferings in their 
behalf, they could not spare a morsel 
for my motherless boy, but delivered 
him over to charity and let him die in 
a cold, cheerless hospital!" 

Then, picturing the scene in the hos- 
pital: his little Ted, dying, deserted 
and alone, probably crying for father, 
he had broken down, sobbed like a 
woman and prayed for death. 

The troop ship reaches Cuba. The 
men are landed and Phil Ross, with his 
company, marches to the front. They 
are soon in the thick of the fray and 
many of his comrades fall before the 
deadly bullet of the enemy. The hor- 
rors of war are on every side. God! 
think of it! One portion of the human 
family destroying the other because, 
perchance, a few rulers have quarreled! 

Shot and shell and whistling bullet 
accomplish their fiendish mission and 
mangled corpses strew the ground. Men 
who have never seen each other before, 
and who have no personal quarrel, fight 
like demons, and, with the ferocity of 
tigers, strive to rend each other in 
pieces! Alas! not only on battlefields, 
but in the everyday battle of life is the 
same spirit manifested. In the mad 
rush for wealth and affluence one por- 
tion of the human family attain their 
end by crushing and mounting on the 
wrecked lives of the other portion. 
God grant the day may not be far dis- 
tant when the proletariat, not of our 
country alone but in all lands, may join 
heart and hand to usher in an era of 
universal peace, and the common 
brotherhood of man! 

Phil Ross seems to bear a charmed 
life. He seeks death, but the deadly 
missiles pass him by. His comrades 
forget all about his lack of sociability 
and look upon him as a hero. Many a 
wounded man owes his life to the in- 

Digitized by 




domitable courage displayed by him. 
After the engagement is over his hand 
is clasped by his comrades and the com- 
mendations of his officers are of the 
most complimentary nature. The troops 
rest upon their arms, but many who 
marched firmly with them in the morn- 
ing are cold in death; and loved ones 
at home are left to mourn their loss. 

Morning dawns and soon the troops 
are advancing. El Caney is reached, 
and the memorable fight is commenced. 
The enemy are in strong position on 
top, but with undaunted courage the 
boys in blue advance. The leaden hail 
from the enemy's rifles mow them 
down, but still they press on and on. 

Phil Ross is in the front. With reck- 
less bravery he pushes on until the 
summit is almost reached. A boy 
fighting by his side falls. Lifting him 
in his arms, he carries him to the rear 
and rushes on again to the front. The 
summit is reached. With a cheer the 
troops rush forward. The Spaniards 
are driven back, and a glorious victory 
is won. but Phil is not among the vic- 
tors. His comrades search for him and 
find him among the dead. His life had 
been a life of sacrifice, and he had met 
his death, a victim to the competitive 

Our tale ends here. Sad as it may 
be, it but reveals the conditions brought 
about by our present system of eco- 
nomics, conditions that will continue 
until a new system is framed and put 
into operation by Citizens of a Re- 

Washington, D. C, Feb. 14th, 1899. 



In the last Journal, among the offi- 
cial notices, I see a very severe criti- 
cism of the number system by the 
Grand Secretary-Treasurer, whifch was 
a great surprise to me, as I had always 
thought that such a system, if properly 
worked out, would be a great benefit to 
the individual as well as the organiza- 
tion. I am frank enough to say that 
the argument, if such was intended, of 
the G. S. T. has not altered my opinion 
in the least. 

The numbering of cards and the pres- 
ent card system, minus the stamp idea, 
was formulated by Richmond Lodge 
and unanimously adopted at Cincinnati. 
It is not because I was interested in the 
origin of the system that I wish to de- 
fend it, but because the theoretical idea 
which has proven to be a "miserable 
failure" with us, as Brother Preston 
states, has been found, after many 

years of theory as well as practice, to 
be a success with other labor organiza- 

In answer to the question "What 
good does it accomplish?" I can say 
as the G. S. T. does, "Damphino", out- 
side of Richmond. But in this city, 
or, rather, among the members here, 
it has given entire satisfaction, and this 
is due to the efficiency of the financial 
secretary of No. 10. And I think he 
will bear me out when I say that it does 
not occupy thirty minutes more of his 
time in a month than if the number 
idea were dropped; that his leisure time 
has not been broken in upon any more 
than it was previous to the introduc- 
tion of the present card system. 

Brother rreston says: "When this 
system was introduced all kinds of re- 
sults were promised from its adoption." 
I was chairman of the law committee at 
Cincinnati, and as such made most 
of the explanations regarding the good 
results to be expected from laws 
amended or enacted at that session. 
Especially was this true of the card 
number system. I claimed it would 
be an improvement on our previous 
svstem, and that it would systematize 
the membership on local lodge books. 
It has succeeded where the financial 
secretary has performed his duty in 
keeping with the law; where he has 
not done so the G. S. T. should have 
enforced the law and compelled him to 
do it. If it has not succeeded in pre- 
venting a misunderstanding between 
two John Smiths in the same lodge 
then the lodge needs to send its F. S. 
to a kindergarten class to learn his 

If Jim Jones, a Toledo scab, went to 
Texas and his card number was shown 
up we knew we had the scab even if 
there were seventy-five Jim Jones in 
the same town, as none of their number 
would fit Toledo Jim! 

The greatest feature four years ago as 
well as to-day regarding this system, 
was to have two ways of knowing a 
man — by his name and number and by 
having a list in the Grand Lodge of 
every man in the organization. It was 
supposed that a man would know his 
number as well as his name after it 
was given to him, and he would keep 
that number while he remained in the 
organization. If he died, was expelled, 
suspended or dropped, his number was 
held for a reasonable time and then 
would be issued to some one else. If 
he was reinstated he was given his old 
number again. 

In connection with the case cited of a 
strike pay-roll with the numbers of the 

Digitized by 




members mixed up was the means of 
correcting an error which the local sec- 
retary had made, that without the num- 
ber system might not have been found 
— I saw a strike pay-roll sent into the 
Grand Secretary about six years ago 
that had twice as many names on it 
as there were I. A. of M. men on strike, 
and the lists were stamped with the seal 
of the lodge, as well as having the 
R. S. and M. M/s signature. After 
hundreds of dollars of our money had 
been given to them it was found they 
were largely helpers, wipers and ap- 
prentices. If they had had numbers in 
those days we would have been far bet- 
ter oflF. 

The reference made by Brother Pres- 
ton of the two Doe brothers from 
Cleveland is an argument in favor of 
the number system: If John Doe 
turns up in Denver and is the man who 
did not scab you can rest assured he 
will know what his number is and 
will be very prompt in informing the 
secretary at Denver before he writes 
to Cleveland. If it is John Doe the 
scab it is natural to suppose he didn't 
know we had a number system. If 
we had no numbers I would like to 
know how the Cleveland secre- 
tary would enlighten No. 47? Espe- 
cially if there was any resemblance 
between the two brothers. And I might 
add right here that any ex-membej or 
member of a lodge traveling without 
a card and ignorant of his number when 
he had one is a skin-deep union man, 
and I would not think he was entitled 
to receive any favors or benefits at our 
hands. This is one of the reasons why 
a number system should be operated, 
as a non-union man could find a lost 
card, without a number, and deposit it 
with a lodge and never be detected. 
With a number on it it would be re- 
ported from the lodge receiving it, but 
the lodge issuing the card — still hav- 
ing the member — would not report him 
transferred, consequently the error 
would be shown up. 

The man who jumped Tacoma is a 
well-known quantity in the I. A. of M. 
He has often figured in our affairs be- 
fore and he will continue to do so 
regardless of any system that ma- 
chinists will ever develop. The fault 
in that case was with the organizer in 
allowing any man to join the new lodge 
or take part in the proceedings unless 
he had a card or was good material for 
a new member. This was a case of 
neglect, and no law was ever made to 
be neglected and corrected with the 
same stroke. 

I fail to see just where the reference 

to numbers comes in on the Tacoma 
case at all, as a man with a card and 
number both has done the same thing. 
If we had only honest meit to deal with 
there would be little use for the organ- 
ization or its details. But the facts are 
not inclined that way, consequently we 
must continue the battle until we ac- 
complish a small fraction of good at 

Brother Preston adds: "Why con- 
tinue a system which, if faithfully car- 
ried out, brings no benefit, but only 
causes endless work?" He intimates 
that the system has not been faithfully 
carried out, and I think he is right. 
But it is unfair to condemn a plan 
which in theory is correct when the 
practical effects and results have been 
sadly neglected. He cites numerous 
instances where mistakes may, and, I 
presume, have, occurred, and most of 
those mistakes were made by members 
who should not have been elected as 
officers of a lodge and Brother Preston 
knows it, and any system he may in- 
troduce will have just as many errors 
from this same class of secretaries! 

I know that we all make mistakes, 
and I would not care to know a man 
who never made one. I do not think 
it was ever expected that the present 
system was to be executed without 
work and a great deal of it. This work 
has all to be done at headquarters, as 
the local secretaries have theirs divided 
into 450 parts, which makes the great 
bulk fall upon the G. S. T. 

I presume the time of one person is 
almost entirely consumed in keeping 
the roll book, and I am firmly con- 
vinced from my experience in the office 
that the number idea is a good one 
and will bring good results if it is 
properly executed. 

We have some first-class secretaries 
in many of our local lodges. I could 
name several who have held office for 
years and are now in the roster and we 
have had some of the most negligent, 
and you have them now no doubt, that 
could be got anywhere. 

I believe the number system is a 
good thing if those who come in con- 
tact with it do their part, and the fel- 
low who shirks should be made to toe 
the mark or ^et out. Brother Preston 
speaks of an index system being estab- 
lished, but I fail to comprehend what is 
meant, and I think in justice to himself 
and the order he should have submitted 
his plan before he condemned the one 
in operation and which has not been 
executed faithfully. He also acknowl- 
edges the theory of the plan to be good 
nearly four years after its origin. 

Digitized by 




My experience in the I. A. of M. 
has taught me to be doubtful of a man 
unless he had a card either before or 
since the number idea prevailed, and 
the thoughts expressed in the last Jour- 
nal by H. L. Sherman on page 162 
are the best I have read or heard for 
some time on the card system. I repeat 
the last verse: 

My hol>o friend, in vain you plead; 

Try some other man to blow. 

I've heard these woeful tales before— 

I cannot swallow more. 

Your tale is slick, and well it's put— 

Anniment good and logic hard- 
Do not waste your time with roe 

Unless you have a card! 

If some of our secretaries would 
Icam how to act on this score the 
G. S. T. would grow ten years younger, 
as well as happier, and he would save 
many dollars in postage to the order. 
He would also admit that ''all kinds of 
good results" would be the harvest. 

Richmond, Va., March 10, 1899. 
» * 



Having read Brother Conlon's article 
in the January issue of the Journal, 
"Weighed in the Balance," in reply to 
my article which appeared in the No- 
vember issue over the nom de plume 
Machinist, Roanoke, I would ask per- 
mission to again cross lances in friend- 
ly combat with the brother. 

These intellectual discussions are ex- 
ceedingly pleasant to me and I am 
satisfied will do good. Before proceed- 
mg I would express my thanks to 
Brother Conlon for the very courteous 
way in which he treated me in his 
reply and has created in my breast the 
kindest regards for him, and, should 
time or circumstances ever throw me in 
his vicinity, I should at once avail my- 
self of the pleasure of his acquaintance. 
In the meantime my only object and 
desire in writing is to inspire others to 
write in order that this subject might 
be intelligently discussed in its various 
phases for the enlightenment of the 
readers of the Journal. With this idea 
my name can in no way affect the 
discussion. It will not add to or take 
from the truth or fallacy of what I 
may say. In doing this I cannot see 
that I am taking an unfair advantage 
of anyone as implied in the remarks of 
Brother Conlon about being in ambush 
with a modern Mauser, while he is only 
armed with an old Springfield. 

Brother, get rid of your antiquated 
weapon. Your Springfield is past mus- 
ter, behind the time. Arm yourself 

with the weapon of the day. Get a 
Mauser and prepare yourself to do bat- 
tle in the twentieth century. As long 
as our class goes back to the days of 
the Springfield for its line of thought 
and action it cannot hold its own with 
the modern line of thought. The trouble 
with our labor unions is, it uses the 
Springfield tactics, old methods of war- 
fare, when the world has advanced to 
the Catling gun and the Mauser. 
Throw your old rustv gun aside, 
brother; keep abreast of the times by 
supplying vourself with a modem 
Mauser and plenty of class-conscious 
ammunition ; then you are in the fight. 
Until then you are unequal to the 
struggle. Arm yourself to the teeth. 
Surround yourself with the great 
truths, the great laws underlying so- 
ciety, and you will be invincible — mas- 
ter of the situation, in the interest of 
our class. But unarmed or armed with 
exploded ideas and Springfield guns, 
we are defenseless at the mercy of our 

The end for which I am writing is to 
get our class to abandon their old 
weapons and adopt the very latest, the 
most improved; to stimulate thought; 
thought expresses itself in action, and if 
I can only start readers to think my 
name will play no part. Names matter 
not. The individual is greater and 
stronger when he has lost his identity 
in the whole body — the greater man. 

I would have our members think over 
the situation in order that they may 
realize that it is hopeless to expect 
antiquated methods, methods which 
may have been the proper tactics in 
the days of small individual methods of 
production, when they were able to 
cope with the conditions^ but unable to 
successfully contend with capitalistic 
methods of production, which have ad- 
vanced as far ahead of the individual 
methods as it is possible to conceive, 
there being absolutely no compari- 
son. So here we stand with gun 
and ammunition prepared to do 
successful battle against a certain 
condition when, lo, and behold! 
the conditions for which we organized 
are no longer present. Entirely new 
conditions have arisen for which we 
are totally unprepared. Our antagonist 
has changed his entire line of action 
and base and we still fighting along 
the same line, beating the air and wast- 
ing our energies. 

I would have our class recognize that 
our line of action, to be successful, 
must ever keep abreast with our op- 
ponent; that our tactics must develop 
hand in hand with the development of 

Digitized by 




production with which we have to 
struggle. Yea, brother, if we were 
armed with Mausers we would be more 
competent to contend with capitalistic 
methods, but, only having the Spring- 
field, down, down, we go in every eco- 
nomic battle before the Mauser guns 
in the hands of our enemies. 

You say that we grow impatient at 
the' slow progress we are making and 
are endeavoring to force the issue upon 
the people. If such was a fact, if our 
only hope lay in forcing the laboring 
class to become conscious of their class 
interests and all other conditions re- 
maining the same, it would indeed be 
a slow and hopeless task, but, brother, 
the issue is forcing itself upon the peo- 
ple. Pick up any newspaper and see 
strike after strike wherein our brothers 
are striking for living wages and then 
say who is it that is forcing the issue. 
In self-preservation we must and will 
take action. It is of great importance 
to you and I, and to our class to know 
whether this action is to be for our 
benefit or our undoing. The middle 
class is slowly awakening to the fact 
that profits are a snare and a delusion; 
that the market for the opportunity of 
making profits is growing smaller day 
by day; that thousands of them are 
dropping by the wayside, falling into 
the ranks of the laboring class. A com- 
plete realization of these conditions 
will force them to take action — fierce 

You can already hear their cry going 
out to the people like the cry of a 
child in the dead hour of night. A 
wail of despair begging our class to 
come to their assistance to help them 
to absorb our life blood. The only 
difference between this class and the 
capitalistic class is, the mouth of one 
leech is more capacious than the mouth 
of the other. Both absorbing all the 
blood produced by labor that they can. 
Must we, the workers, the producers, 
be marshaled to support the dying 
cause — the lost cause? Or must we 
marshal all our forces for our own 
cause, the living cause, the workers* 

In order that you may clearly under- 
stand me upon this idea of profits be- 
ing a delusion, that profits cannot be 
made, I will explain a little more fully, 
and I would remark that it is well 
worthy your careful consideration to 
consider the laws underlying this state- 
ment. The law that the cost of pro- 
duction is the only basis of the money 
that goes into circulation ; that no more 
can be obtained for a commodity than 
it takes to produce that commodity. 

From the above law that the only 
money in circulation is the amount put 
in circulation for the production of that 
commodity. Money goes into circula- 
tion for the production of things, not 
for the purchasing. Therefore profits 
are never made. The money that one 
dealer or trader gets back more than 
he puts out is what some other dealer 
has put out who gets back less. This 
is exemplified by the warehouses full 
of unsold goods, and therefore our 
manufacturers, failing to get back any 
more than they put out in this country, 
are forced to seek foreign markets, 
where they come in contact with all 
other manufacturing countries, and the 
very countries or markets they are 
entering rapidly becoming manufactur- 
ing countries with the same business 
methods as the old capitalistic coun- 
tries, therefore the market for profit is 
growing rapidly smaller until the capi- 
talistic method will wind itself up. This 
will explain to you the panics which 
sweep over this country every few 
years, leaving death and destruction in 
their wake and chronic bankruptcy our 
portion. This law will enable you to 
understand what our statesmen call 
overproduction; will enable you to un- 
derstand the reason for the failure of 
98 per cent of all the men who go into 
business in this country; will enable 
you to understand that the capitalistic 
system of production carries within 
itself the germs of its own destruc- 
tion. I solicit your most careful con- 
sideration of these ideas. Pardon me 
for being so explicit. I would have 
you understand this problem, and 
therefore will illustrate: 

We will say, for illustration, that I 
and nine other men represent the busi- 
ness world. We have one hundred thou- 
sand dollars, or millions, if you choose. 
We put this money into circulation by 
producing the various commodities — 
goods. The money has left our hands 
and goes into the hands of the men 
who produce these things. The things 
are ours; now we want one hundred 
and twenty thousand dollars for these 
things. Where is that extra twenty 
thousand dollars' profit to come from? 
You will readily see it cannot be done. 
How, then, is it worked? Two per 
cent succeed in getting back a larger 
sum than they put out; the balance 
get back less. And you will also rec- 
ognize that if only one man was in 
business that it would be impossible 
for him to get back more than he 
puts out; therefore his profits do not 
consist of an increased value of the 
things produced, but in the absorption 

Digitized by 




of what a competitor puts out. In con- 
sequence, therefore, such a system 
must eventually wind itself up, and we 
see this process going on more and 
more rapidly every year. The business 
of the country dropping into fewer, 
ever fewer, hands. As a scientific prob- 
lem affecting all mankind, I consider 
this well worthy intelligent considera- 

The Socialist Labor Party studies to 
understand these economic problems 
and is endeavoring to instill a correct 
idea into the minds of this class in 
order that they understand the situa- 
tion clearly and may be able to act 
accordingly. If this be a farce and 
coercion, then, brother, we stand con- 
victed. It is useless to inveigh against 
what you are pleased to call the coer- 
cion of the Socialist Labor Party, 
which is the only party in America 
to-day which stands unflinchingly not 
as a friend of labor, but labor itself, 
with uplifted arm, to fight its own 
battles, and it is useless to strike down 
the only power in existence that stands 
squarely for our class. Coercion, 
brother, is the order of the day, and 
what you call the coercion of the So- 
cialist Labor Party is very, VERY mild 
when compared with the coercion at 
Homestead, Coeur de Alene, Virden, 
HazeltonI No farce in the coercion, 
brother, but tragedy! Mothers and 
little babies weeping over the bleeding 
bodies of their sires and stanching the 
life blood of their protectors. No farce 
there, but terrible coercion. You mis- 
took the tactics of the Socialist Labor 
Party, discipline, essential to the organ- 
ization of the working classes into a 
political force in order to have a power, 
a hand in the government to prevent 
such bloody coercion. You mistook 
their earnestness in dealing their ham- 
mer-like blows of truth for the working 
class as harshness, as coercion, that is 
all. The coercion of the powers that 
be is essential to the disorganization of 
the working class as a political power is. 
to keep them down. We should not 
decry one that will help us, that is fight- 
ing our battles and accept the other in 
silence and submission. 

I must also take exception to Brother 
Conlon's remark that the natural and 

? roper state of man is the savage state, 
t is not his proper state. Man 
was made for a higher order of life than 
that of an animal, and instead of the 
barbarian being in possession of com- 
plete liberty he is a slave to the stom- 
ach. Consumption with him equals pro- 
duction, and all his time is devoted 
to the support of his animal life, his 

mental being, the best and grandest 
part of man, being in the most abject 
bondage. Liberty being only possible 
in an advanced degree of civilization. 

"One half the workers may be will- 
ing and ready to conauer the other 
half," but not for gold. Do not be 
blind, brother. It is for bread, for life. 
The great law of self-preservation plays 
its part. No man has ever yet suc- 
ceeded in getting away from this first 
law of nature. Men must live, and the 
harder, life is the harder they will strug- 
gle, the less considerate will they be of 
others* rights. The quicker will they 
be to sell out the other man. This 
expression is much like that other ster- 
eotyped one, "The working class 
will not stick together." Which implies 
that whenever labor has been defeated 
it was due to their lack of sticki'ng to- 
gether and the possession of this qual- 
ity by their opponents. Don't be satis- 
fied with a superficial view of the case, 
but go down into the roots of the mat- 
ter and see the actual cause of this con- 
dition, and you will find that one stuck 
because the stomach was full, the other 
forced to yield or did not stick because 
the stomach was empty. They had 
nothing whatever to stick upon. The 
worker has always been defeated at this 
point. The capitalist class are fully 
aware of this fact, as one of them re- 
marked that his goods could lay upon 
the shelf indefinitely, but that when the 
laborer lays upon the shelf his stomach 
grows hungry and he must succumb or 
starve. No other alternative. Put the 
two classes upon an equal footing, with 
enough to support life, then the truth 
would be known as to who had the best 
sticking qualities. 

You are correct in saying that the 
plutocratic press is our bible and from 
it the people learn only error and false- 
hood, and that the truth of our position 
and condition can only be learned 
through the reform press, but what re- 
form press? Are all men and papers 
that shout reform our friends? Some 
explanation is required. Brother Con- 
Ion. Many of the reform papers ad- 
vocate a reactionary movement. Our 
cause cannot be benefited by reaction. 
Our heaven is forward, not backward. 
Forward to ever greater concentration 
of material and industrial forces, until 
competition strangle competition; then 
we will get our own. 

Backward to freer competition, the 
cry of the middle class is our hades, our 
enslavement. The true reform press 
from the standpoint of the working-man 
is not a reform press at all, since it de- 
mands the unconditional surrender of 

Digitized by 




the tools of production and distribu- 
tion, and I would be glad to have you 
name any reform short of this that will 
benefit our class one iota. Allow me 
to say that the reform movements are 
not even to benefit our class; they are 
intended simply to make the upper 
classes better, and, as our class plays no 
part in governmental affairs, these re- 
form movements are only for the 
classes who do control. 

You have peculiar ideas in regard to 
the judiciary preventing us from eating 
the apple after it is in our possession. If 
the Socialist Labor Party was in control 
of the executive and legislative branches 
of the government, the judiciary 
branch of our own government would 
hardly step between us and our own 
constitution. It never has done so and 
never will. We would have quite an 
anomalous condition if it did, but the 
present judiciary may entertain very 
different ideas as to who are the people. 
If you care to investigate you will find 
that they decide for the people every 
time, according to their views, who 

constitutes the people. Now, if their 
decisions do not suit you and I, 
Brother Conlon, it must be plain to 
you that we are not the people or a 
part of the people. We are the work- 
ers, that is all. 

The constitution is all right, brother, 
but what is necessary at this time is the 
consciousness that we are not the peo- 
ple and can never receive justice until 
we are recognized as a part— a large 
part — of the people. 

In regard to the honorable body 
which meet in Kansas City and your 
remarks thereon and its refusal to in- 
dorse a class-conscious labor party was, 
to say the least, humorous. It met as 
a class— the working class; its business 
concerned only one class; it legislated 
for a class. All its efforts were for the 
working class. Every man was con- 
scious of these facts and yet they denied 
it. How long, O! how long before 
they wake up to their true interests or 
adopt your socially consciousness? 

Roanoke, Va., Feb. 15, 1899. 


"Ho, ferry maji, ho! Shove out with your 
What's that 'neath those bushes, 
That thick clump of rushes, 
Close In by the bankr* 
The boat stems the river, the ferryman 

in it; 
The answer comes over: "I'll see In a 

"What have you found, John?' "It's only 
an 'Oman, 
A poor. Jaded critter. 
Whose life was so bitter. 
Like many a human 
Up there at the fact'ry; she'd much 

rather end it. 
Than fight In life's battle to try an' 
defend it. 

"It's often I find them, with eyes set 
and glassy; 

An' one I once found here. 

Or somewhere around here. 
Was my own dear lassie. 

She worked at the mills, sir. but pay 

was so low that 
When a man with moneys— But then, 

sir. you know that 

"Her child was not bom. sir; it died with 
its mother; 
An' like this poor srirl. sir. 
They went from this world, sir, 
Right into the other 
Without preparation. An' when we 

think on her. 
We curse those whose wages make girls 
sell their honor." 

The same old. old story that man seldom 
Of wages so small that 
If woman has all that , 

Her frail body needs. 
Her soul must be bartered for gold that 

men give her. 
And soon her life ends in her friend, the 
cold river. 


Digitized by 



Aurora, 111., January 20, 1899. 
Editor Journal: 

As it has been a long time since No. 
236 has been heard from, except offi- 
cially, I beg a small space in the Journal 
to let you know we are still alive and 

The condition of trade here at present 
is very good. All our men are em- 
ployed and our order is increasing, 
having at present over sixty members. 

Once a month the boys get together, 
with their wives and families, for a 
social time. Our last entertainment was 
held the night of the 14th. An interest- 
ing program was arranged, after which 
light refreshments and dancing were in- 
dulged in until nearly midnight. Every- 
one had a good time, even the older 
members getting out and hopping 
around. It is surprising how the 
brothers all turn out on such occasions. 
I think these parties are very beneficial 
to the order, as they bring the brothers 
on better terms with each other. 

The cause of unionism is advancing 
in other lines besides that of the ma- 
chinists, for the cigarmakers of Aurora 
have decided to strike out all scab prod- 
uct and will only handle good union 

Yours fraternally. 



Quincy. 111., Feb. 12, 1899. 
Editor Journal: 

Of all the ideas expressed through 
the columns of the Journal perhaps the 
one in the February issue regarding in- 
surance benefits will receive the least 
consideration by a great majority of its 
readers. Yet it is a question that has 
had a large amount of discussion by the 
most active of our members for a long 
time past. Not only as a means of 
establishing a cheaper rate of insurance 
than could be found in a fraternal or- 
ganization or an old line company, but 
also as a means of building up the or 

ganization and increasing our member- 
ship. How often — ^the Lord only knows 
— some active brother has approached 
other members regarding absence from 
meetings or nonattendance, to be met 
with the reply that it was impossible 
to attend, as he belongs to some aid or 
fraternal society that meets on the same 
night. Perhaps the excuse is softened 
by a statement that he must go and pay 
dues or be suspended from his insur- 
ance rights. Perhaps he is the presi- 
dent or one of the secretaries, whose 
presence is required to conduct meet- 
ings, or it may be that he will state 
the same thing that I have heard ex- 
pressed many a time — viz: "Oh, the 
organization is all right, but it does not 
provide for my family after J am dead, 
and my first duties are to the order 
that will benefit them!" 

Now, Mr. Editor, the solution is very 
simple in my mind. If we had such 
benefits the nonattending brothers 
would be in our halls instead of some 
other order. For this reason: the cost 
of insurance probably varies from $15 
to $25 a year, according to the society 
or to the minor benefits outside of the 
death benefit. Now, about half of this 
sum goes into the salaries of its head 
officers, hall rent for local lodges and 
necessary supplies, etc.; the other half 
for the payment of its various benefits. 
For example: We run the I. A. of M. 
on $7 a year per member, adding one- 
half of the sum above mentioned for 
death benefits, would enable a member 
to save between $7.50 and $12.50 a year 
if he belongs to the I. A. of M. and 
also keeps up an insurance policy, so 
you see, by establishing such a system 
it would be an easy matter to double 
our membership. Machinists wishing 
to take out a policy could belong to the 
I. A. of M. for nearly nothing, as the 
dues would be about the same as in an 
insurance company, or, in other words, 
a brother could take out a policy for 
one-half the sum it would require out- 
side of the order. 

We are also aware of the fact that in 
a majority of the locals it is necessary 
to drop members nearly every meet- 

uigitizea by 




ing night — maybe it is Dick Smith, 
maybe Sam Brown, or it may be Bill 
Black. Now, Dick Smith was a good 
member; he attended meetings regu- 
larly; he was also always ready to do 
his share of committee work, but it was 
done because he chummed with some of 
the hustlers of the lodge. In time Dick 
gets a better offer in the city of Punk, 
which he takes as soon as payday comes 
around. Now, does Dick do the right 
thing? Does he keep up his dues or 
organize a lodge in his locality? Oh, 
no; he drops out of the order; his 
chums are not with him to spur him on. 
Sam Brown gets laid off; he is soon 
working in Punk alongside of Dick. 
Now Sam wants to organize a lodge, 
but he thinks he has not got the gift 
of talking it would require, so he is 
soon a dropped member. In a few 
weeks along comes Bill Black, who, as 
soon as he finds that Dick and Sam 
have dropped out of the ranks, takes 
the same course. 

Now, in the city of Punk there are 
about twenty-five or thirty ex-members 
who see no especial benefits but a lot 
of hard work if they have a lodge, so 
they remain unorganized. But if we 
had an insurance benefit or a system ^ 
of paying a superannuation to those 
who have been in good standing fifteen 
or twenty years, we probably would 
have all the ex-members answering the 
roll call, as each would sa^: **If I 
drop out now and have to join again 
my dues will be higher; but if I remain 
in good standing I will be drawing my 
superannuation benefits in eight or ten 

Now, Mr. Editor, as the question of 
superannuation was not brought in be- 
fore I hope it will receive the same 
amount of consideration as insurance 
benefits, as I think both questions 
should be handled together. Believing 
if the I. A. of M. would adopt such 
a course a new and grander organiza- 
tion, not only in loyalty but in strength 
of membership, will spring. Phoenix- 
like, from the smoldering ashes of the 
I. A. of M. 

I remain fraternally, 



Milwaukee, Feb. 17, 1899. 
Editor Journal: 

Milwaukee having been a dead card 
for some time, the readers of the Jour- 
nal and the members of the organiza- 
tion at large will undoubtedly be pleased 
to know that we have suddenly come to 
life and have two victories to our credit 
in the last month. 

On Jan. 20th the Kempsmith Machine 
Tool Company placed a handy man at 
scraping. This work was previously 
done by a machinist, so thfe Kempsmith 
boys had a grievance and called a spe- 
cial meeting for Sunday, the 22d. A 
committee was appointed to wait on 
Mr. Kempsmith. This was done at 7 
o'clock Monday, Jan. 23d. The man 
was immediately removed and every- 
thing settled to the satisfaction of all 
concerned in half an hour. 

The second matter, with the C. J. 
Smith Company, has been brewing for 
some time. Things finally came to a 
crisis Feb. 6th and the men walked out. 
This was caused by the appointment 
of Jerry Bingham as foreman of the die 
room on Feb. ist. A notice was posted 
the day before to the effect that Bing- 
ham was to take complete charge on 
the 1st. Bingham had been previously 
employed by the Smith Company and 
discharged for causing trouble among 
the men. Finding he was obnoxious to 
a number of the men, the shop com- 
mittee notified the firm to that effect. 
They seemed to consider the affair a 
matter of personal spite and asked the 
men to give Bingham a trial. Four of 
the men refused to do so and quit on 
Jan. 31st. The balance of us remained 
at work. On Feb. 4th one more of the 
boys quit. On the 7th another had 
words with Bingham and quit. On the 
8th another had an argument with 
Bingham and was told if he did not 
like it to "Get to h — - out of here." 

Thinking he was doinp: his work too 
fast (he having stated his object to be 
the removal of all union men), at the 
request of the men the shop committee 
waited on the Smith Company to have 
some action taken in the matter. The 
Smith Company claimed the time was 
loo short for a decision and we had not 
given Bingham sufficient trial. Their 
action implied a refusal. We immedi- 
ately laid by our tools and prepared to 
leave, when we were approached by the 
firm and asked if we were not acting 
too hasty in the matter. Our answer 
was we might as well get out in a body 
as wait to be let out or compelled to 
leave one by one. 

The Smith Company showed no de- 
sire to argue the matter, so we asked 
for an interview. This was granted for 
10 A. M.. Feb. 9th. After sending for 
our M. M. we immediately held a meet- 
ing and decided to have Brother Rey- 
nolds lay the matter before the Grand 
Lodge. He went to Chicago for this 
P'irpose and returned the same evening 
to attend a special meeting of lodges 
No. 300 and 65. After thoroughly dis- 

Digitized by 




cussing the matter a strike committee 
was appointed to have full charge of the 
difficulty and try to obtain a settle- 
ment. The committee called on the 
Smith Company at the appointed time 
and their request for Bingham's re- 
moval was peremptorily refused. After 
this both sides let matters rest until 
Feb. 14th, when, having been notified of 
the approval of the G. E. B., the com- 
mittee sent a communication to the 
Smith Company, asking a conference 
and suggesting that they (the Smith 
Company) receive some one capable of 
explaining our position in the matter. 
The Smith Company agreed to our 
proposition (but the temperature 
dropped at least 50 degrees in the im- 
mediate vicinity). 

After considering all points, by 
unanimous request of the committee. 
Brother Reynolds (Worthy M. M. of 
local lodge 300) consented to state our 
side of the case to the company. Brother 
Reynolds held two conferences with the 
Smith Company on the 15th inst, and 
on the i6th called on the Smith people 
in company with our G. S. T., George 
Preston, who assisted in the final set- 

The members of No. 300 and No. 66 
appreciate the excellent services of 
Brother Reynolds in this matter, espe- 
cially as it required extreme executive 
ability to successfully convince the 
Smith Company of the justice of our 

The committee wish to express their 
thanks for the loyal support given them 
by the brothers involved and also to all 
members in the city of Milwaukee for 
their courtesy and aid, but especially 
to Brother Reynolds for his guidance 
during our trouble and for his success- 
ful settlement of all existing differences 
between the members involved and the 
Smith Company. 

Let me inform the members of the 
I. A. of M. that our "Yellow Kid*' is 
the proper article in a case of this kind. 
Fraternally yours. 
EDW. KEEFE, Chairman. 


Boston, Feb. 19, 1899. 
Editor Journal: 

The second of a series of smoke talks 
given in the interest of organization 
by lodge 264 was held Thursday even- 
ing. Feb. 16, 1899, assisted by John F. 
O'Sullivan, Organizer A. F. of L., and 
Frank S. Pickett. President B. C. 
L. U., who addressed the meeting on 
the importance of securing an eight- 
hour day. The musical part of the en- 

tertainment was contributed by Car- 
man's orchestra, Brother Nathan M. 
Carman, conductor, to whom in a great 
measure the success of the entertain- 
ment was due. Conductor Carman was 
assisted by the well-known vocalists, 
Albert M. Colby, Hugh A. Mac Golder- 
ick, John Connelly, Wallace Adler, Wal- 
ter Ware, and William Hogan, followed 
by the specialists, Daniel Hickey, hu- ' 
morist; Joseph Murphy and Thomas 
Wilson, buck and wing dancing. 
Fraternally yours, 



Como, Colo., Feb. 20, 1899. 
Editor Journal: 

Have you ever been in Como, Colo.? 
Well, that is the place where dad and I 
are located at present. As we have 
nothing else to do but sleep and work, 
I will take a few minutes off to try in 
my humble way to describe it and our 
wanderings since we left Sayre, Pa., 
last May. Our trip west was a very 
pleasant one. Along our route we 
stopped off in all the cities of any size. 
In Buffalo we passed five very lively 
days, at which place we had Dell Hig- 
gins in our company, who helped us to 
put in our time to good advantage tak- 
ing in the sights of that great city. Our 
next stop was at Detroit, where we part- 
ed with our friend Higgins, who was 
bound for the wonderful springs of 
Mount Clemens. Leaving Detroit, our 
next lay over was at Chicago, where 
we put in one week sightseeing, taking 
in all the shops of any size. We also 
made a call on the Grand Lodge and 
had a pleasant chat with Brother Wil- 

Our next stop was at Omaha, where 
we passed two days, and then, striking 
out once more for Denver, where we 
arrived in due time, catching a job on 
the day following our arrival at the 
F. M. Davis Iron Works. After one 
week's work the night shift, on which 
we were working, was laid off, and 
once more we took the road, catching 
work on the D. & R. G. at Alamosa, 
where we passed six months, from 
where we quit to come here for better 

Como, is situated in the South Park 
of Colorado, 9.775 feet above the sea's 
briny bubbles, with no shady groves or 
running streams of water. Part of the 
time the engines have to be snowed up, 
as the water is very scare on account of 
the extreme cold. From the town can 
be seen picturesque Mount Boreas, on 
which the road winds round on its way 
to Leadville, on which hill there are at 

uigitizea by 




present seven locomotives with rotary 
snow plows snowed in and have been 
unable to move for the past three days. 
Some of our eastern brothers seem to 
have the idea that Colorado's attrac- 
tions consist only of mines and moun- 
tain scenery. These people have never 
been over the Colorado & Southern 
railroad in the winter time, especially 
the high line, or they would know it 
was snow and plenty of wind mixed in. 
Yours fraternally, 

Buffalo, N. Y., Feb. 20, 1899. 
Editor Journal: 

Please tell the conductor to put you 
off at Buffalo when you come to the 
next convention, to be held in our town 
on May ist next. This we intend to 
make one of the best conventions ever 
held under the auspices of International 
Association of Machinists. 

Standing in the dazzling light of the 
world's greatest industrial achievement, 
fair Buffalo awaits the oncoming of a 
portion of the greatest mechanics that 
this world ever knew. For is it not a 
fact that without the machinists the ad- 
vance of civilization and the wheels of 
commerce would be a thing of the past? 
Let us go back a thousand or so of 
years and we will see what the ma- 
chinists have done to advance the in- 
teiests of the commercial world. 

The first piece of mechanical work 
was a screw constructed about 1,760 
years ago in a vineyard in Egypt. And 
the novel mode of construction was 
different than it is to-day. The over- 
seer took a stick of copper four inches 
in diameter; they wound a tape around, 
and around, and around, until the whole 
length was taken up. As near as the 
eye could make it they marked it on 
the edges of the tape all around. Then 
they took chisels and cut grooves in it 
until they thought they had them deep 
enough. They then made a cast on the 
outside of it of copper. This they 
worked backward and forward, still 
chipping off the high spots, until they 
got over the whole length, being 12 
hands and 2 fingers— or 4 feet 2 inches. 
They then cut the cast off. then made 
another cast, the same as before, until 
they had it finished. The whole time 
taken up with the screw was three 
moons and ten days. Three men 
worked on the job at one and one-half 

f>ennies per day each, making the total 
or the three men for their labor 450 
pennies. This screw was to take the 
place of the slaves that crushed and 
pressed the fruit with their feet. 

We will pass down through history 
until we come to 1764. Among the 
benefactors of humanity whose labors 
with those of his co-workers, the ma- 
chinists, have conduced to render the 
latent forces of nature subservient to 
the uses of mankind, the name of James 
Watts holds pre-eminent rank as the 
constructor of the first steam engine of 
leally practical value ever made in Eng- 
land. The engine of that day and the 
stationary engine of to-day are as a 
child is to a full-grown giant. The rude 
models and construction of that are not 
to be compared with the magnificent 
specimens of mechanical ingenuity that 
are exhibited to-day. Who made it pos- 
sible to put these before the commercial 
world? The machinists — the best peo- 
ple on earth. 

We will next make mention of our 
commercial highwajrs. About the year 
1825 the first practical locomotive was 
put in use, and the illustrious Stephen- 
son is well deserving of double honor 
as the worthy champion of the loftiest 
description of mechanical progress. He 
succeeded at a time when it might truly 
be said that he was opposed by almost 
the entire nation. Nearly every one, 
high and low, seemed to see visions of 
bankruptcy. Coach companies, deserted 
hotels, ruined landlords, roads over- 
grown with grass, buildings and man- 
sions burned to the ground by flying 
sparks from the engines. Commerce 
ruined and man and beast everywhere 
run over and crushed under the car- 

But by iron energy, indomitable per- 
severance, sterling integrity, and thor- 
ough practical sagacity for which this 
father of railways was noted have in- 
delibly enrolled his honored name 
among the benefactors of the race. 

The locomotive of that day and the 
locomotive of to-day are as much differ- 
ent as day is to night. The power, 
speed and model have so changed that 
to-day the locomotive of that day would 
be a mere plaything. 

The inventive genius of the modern 
machinist has made it possible to 
change the speed from fifteen miles per 
hour to T12 miles, made on the N. Y. 
C. R. R. on trial of Empire State 
express in 1896. He has made it pos- 
sible to change the power from twenty- 
horse power to 800-horsc power and 
made it possible to traverse almost the 
length of thig land in a single day. A 
man can go to-day from a clime where 
it is zero weather and a man compelled 
to muffle in the morning, and land the 
next morning in a clime where you 
will have to discard overcoat, under- 

Digitized by 




wear. etc.. and a teinperature of 90 de- 
grees in the shade. The locomotive of 
lo-day is one of the greatest inventions 
of modern times. They are as a thing 
of life. You can hear the steam whistle 
through the cylinders as the air goes 
through the lungs of man. It fairly 
jumps when the engineer pulls the 
throttle and goes flying through the 
country like something wild, carrying 
letters of love to home or friends, mak- 
ing contracts and conducting the best 
interests of the commerce and the busi- 
ness world. 

Next we find the locomotive hitched 
onto great trains of cars, sometimes 
fifty cars, laden with abundance of this 
world*s goods, the products of manu- 
factories and the soil. The locomotive 
is one* of the finest specimens of me- 
chanical beauty and power ever put to 
test in this civilized world. Who builds 
and repairs them? The machinist! 

Now. my dear friends, if you will have 
patience I will refer you to 1816, when 
Robert Fulton, the pioneer of steam 
navigation in America, first introduced 
his boat driven by steam power. He 
was cried down by the people of this 
country and England as being crazy, 
and advised the magistrate to serve a 
mandaimus on him restraining him from 
taking passengers on his boat, claim- 
ing that the boat would blow up and 
kill and drown every one on board. 
Time developed, with the aid of the 
mechanic, to make it possible, with the 
aid of machinery, to traverse the 
breadth of the Atlantic in a Jittle over 
five days, where, prior to the use of 
steam, it took a month or more to make 
the same journey. The mammoth ocean 
greyhounds of to-day should stand as a 
monument to the mechanical ingenuity 
of the present time. 

Let us have a word about the profes- 
sional man. and see if he is under any 
obligation to the machinist. We will 
first take the greatest enemy of organ- 
ized labor; as a general thing he is the 
judge. The machinists have made it 
possible to take him from his home and 
convey him to his place of business; 
to hoist him to his office; to place in 
his possession the law. for without ma- 
chinery no book would be jjrinted; even 
the steel pen that he uses is our prod- 
uct; the clothes that he wears are made 
on machines manufactured by the ma- 

This man belongs to the bar— do not 
tell him it is a union. This man serves 
injunctions and restrains a union or 
men who dare to assert their constitu- 
tional rights. 

We will next take the doctor. He 

does not know that he is under any 
obligations to the machinists, but all 
the same he is. The books that he 
studies from are printed on the ma- 
chines made by machinists. The tools 
that are used in his profession, to per- 
form operations and to dissect with, 
are made by the machinists and thus 
makes the man what he is. 

The man of music would be lost if it 
was not for the wire to string his in- 
strument with. 

Take the geologist; what would his 
researches amount to if it was not for 
the machinery to test with? 

The surveyor — what would he amoUnt 
to if it was not for the glass and levels 
that he uses? To-day, by the use of 
these machines, he is able to tell you the 
altitudes of hills and mountains or the 
depths of chasms. 

Then take the electrician; what woiild 
he amount to if it was not for the 
machinery to measure the electrical 
force that is traveling through the wires 
as water travels through pipe? The ma- 
chinery to generate and develop power 
to be transmitted for a thousand pur- 
poses such as arc lights, incandescent 
lights, power for motors, heat for cars, 
houses, etc. Is it not a fact that if it 
was not for the machinists that these 
things could not be accomplished? 
Look at the splendor of our business 
houses, our theaters, making it as light 
as day. 

Look at the telephone, where men 
can converse even to a thousand miles. 
Then look at the telegraph; in the 
twinkling of the eye your message to 
friends or loved ones, either joy or 
sorrow, business, etc., are transmitted. 
What would the business man do if it 
were not for the machinist? He would 
not be able to get aboard an elevator 
and in almost the moment go up story 
after story. He would not be able to 
do business long, for the cars would 
stop, the wagons would cease to run. 
the telegraph stop, railroads would 
cease to nm. the trolley cars stop. In 
fact every branch of industrial com- 
merce would be as dead to the world 
as if it had never existed. 

These and a thousand things I might 
write of are the products of our labor 
and skill. We are the least known of, 
the least thought of, and, last but not 
the least, the worst paid class of me- 
chanics on this earth. Why? Simply 
because we have not the moral cour- 
age to be organized. 

I hope to see the day when the ma- 
chinists will be so orgfanized as to de- 
mand to be recognized, as they 
should be. 

Digitized by 




My dear friends, I hope this will not 
tire you at this time, and I promise you 
that I will write you next month about 
our city, that is a study in itself. In 
closing, will say that I am happy to 
be able to write to my fellow-craftsmen. 
Fraternally yours, 


Milwaukee, Wis., March lo, 1899. 
Editor Journal: 

I remember when I wasn't quite so 
old and venerable as I am now, that 
that very common disease yclept 
*'spring fever" took a different form 
with me than it does now. Formerly 
I used to "hit the grit" and go "drill- 
ing" about this season of the year. I 
used to await with impatience the ad- 
vent of the bluebird and the robin and 
then pack my grip. Now—well, I 
simply sit down and send you some- 
thing like this: 


We are waiting till the summer 

Shines in beauteous life again. 
Till Old Winter, sUll pursuing, 

Hurls his threatened frosts again; 
We are waiting till the darkness 

Of this winter's night Is done. 
And the lark o'er night mists mounting. 

Hails at dawn the rising sun. 
We are waiting till the summer 

Clothes the woodland hills again. 
Studs the vales with scented flowerets, 

Tips yon fields with golden grain; 
We are waiting till the summer 

Twines Its foliage 'round our bower, 
And the leafy trees o'erspreading. 

Shade us In the noontide hour. 
Yes, the sun again ascending. 

Flashing on the sparkling dew, 
On In dazxllng light shall Journey. 

Thro' the heavens' unclouded blue; 
Then as evening shadows lengthen. 

Shoot afar his quivering rays. 
Tin each glowing casement answering 

Flashes back the western blaze. 
Summer, we are waiting for thee, 

Nature brightens at thy look. 
Feathered songsters, warbling, greet thee. 

Humming Insect, murmuring brook; 
Blithesome spring foretells thy coming. 

Passing sunshine, sparkling rain. 
Summer, throw thy luster 'round us. 

Shine in beauteous life again. 

Now, if you can stand that, Mr. Ed- 
itor, without taking a day off just to 
see if there are any symptoms of the 
gladsome summer time in sight yet, you 
have no soul in that mediaeval body of 
yours. If it escapes the waste basket it 
shall be more than appreciated by 
Fraternally yours, 



Chicago, March 12, 1899. 
Editor Journal. 

It is so near the time for our con- 
vention that I would like you to publish 
the following, hoping that some broth- 
er who goes to the convention will 
see the matter in the same light that 
I do, and work for its adoption, if only 
in a modified form. The proposition 
is as follows: Change Article 11, Sec- 
tion 3: — 

Subordinate Lodge Constitution, so 
as to read, After Jan. i, 1900 (or some 
other date that might be decided upon), 
the initiation fee shall not be less than 
$25 (twenty-five dollars), throughout 
the jurisdiction of the Internationa] 
Association of Machinists. 

Article 9, Section i; — Every member 
shall pay to his Lodge each month 
not less than 25 cents dues. He shall 
receive a due stamp from Financial 
Secretary of his Lodge, which shall be 
affixed in his due book and cancelled; 
dues and assessments to be paid in ad- 

Some explanation is necessary in 
proposing such a radical change as this 
would seem, but let us analyze the 
proposition a little. We will, no dontyt, 
all agree that at present we are not 
over successful in holding our mem- 
bership. The main cause of this is, 
that it is too easy to get in and too 
easy to get out. If this change is made 
all ex-members would endeavor to re- 
join the association while he could join 
cheap, for the fact of his once being 
a member proves that he is a union 
man at heart. If he rejoins, his mem- 
bership would be worth $25 to him 
after date fixed; now it is worth only 
the sum for which he can join, about 
$3.00. A great many express the mat- 
ter this way: It is cheaper for me to 
rejoin for about $3.00 than pay $7.00 
per year. 

The effect on present members would 
be the same. Their membership would 
be worth $25 to them, their dues only 
being $3.00 per year. It would be easier 
to hold our members in this case, for a 
man would sooner pay $3.00 per year 
than pay $25 to be reinstated, for nearly 
all tradesmen will acknowledge that 
they feel as though some time they will 
have to belong to the trade union repre- 
senting their craft. 

As to new members beyond the date 
fixed, we would probably secure the ap- 
plications of sixty per cent of the men 
at our trade. After date fixed our pro- 
gress would, no doubt, be slow; but it 
would be sure. 

One other matter that this change 

uigiiizea by 




would settle is the fine and assessment 
system. As it is now a member pays 
his fine or assessment if he feels like 
doing so. 

I would also propose grading rein- 
statement as follows: 

Any member who allows himself to 
become three months in arrears shall be 
charged $5.00 for reinstatement, in addi- 
tion to his dues. After three months 
he shall pay, in addition to $5.00 and 
dues. $1.00 per month until six months. 
Then $2.00 per month until twelve 
months in arrears, when it shall cost 
$25 for reinstatement, with all dues to 

The reason for grading reinstatement 
is to offer some inducement to mem- 
bers to keep paid up. At present if a 
member is dropped he can be rein- 
stated for $3.00; this is not fair to 
members who pay in $7.00 per year, 
year after year. Under this proposed 
change, if a member became in ar- 
rears in Chicago, then moved to some 
city where he had to join ag^ain it 
would be to his interest to notify Lodge 
from which he came as he could get 
back that way the cheapest, if less than 
one year in arrears. I know of one 
Lodge which assessed their members 
$2.00 each for aid in a strike; about 
125 members in Lodge; about twenty- 
five paid, the other 100 did not. If the 
present constitution was lived up to, it 
would have destroyed said Lodge, on 
account of the 100 members being sus- 
pended. Now, I say, once a member 
always a member. 

Any member who is doing his best 
to organize our trade will, no doubt, 
come across as many ex-members as 
members. There ought to be some 
remedy for this. Again any person who 
has looked over the labor field will find 
that the successful trade unions are the 
ones who work on these lines. 

There can be no doubt in the minds 
of most of our active members that 
some change is necessary. Let it be 
along this hne, or probably some other 
method. I, as a member, just suggest 
this one way, leaving it to the good 
judgment of our brothers who attend 
the convention to choose the best 
method, as they, being generally the 
ablest men of their respective lodges, 
must come to some wise decisions. 

Success to the next convention. 
Yours fraternally, 


Jersey City, N. J., March 14, 1899. 
Editor Journal. 
The Hudson Trades Assembly held a 

magnificent demonstration at the Bijou 
Theater in this city on Macch 12th. 
This splendid theater, with a seating ca- 

f)acity of 2,500, was packed with the 
argest and most demonstrative audi- 
ence of both sexes ever gathered to- 
gether in this city at a labor meeting. 

The Secretary of the H. T. A., Mr. 
Frank Barker, of the Typographical 
Union of this city, called the meeting 
at 3 o'clock, and introduced Mr. Geo. 
Nelson, of the same union, as the pre- 
siding officer. Chairman Nelson stated 
briefly and concisely the aims and pur- 
poses of the Trades Assembly. He then 
introduced Samuel B. Donnelly, Presi- 
dent of the International Typographical 
Union, who reviewed some of the work 
of the organization of which he is 
the head. Mr. Donnelly's speech was 
warmly received and liberally ap- 
plauded. Mr. Donnelly was followed 
by Samuel Gompers, President of the 
American Federation of Labor. 

Mr. Gompers spoke at some length 
on the different phases of the labor 
movement, after which the Acme quar- 
tette rendered selections. The work of 
the quartette was of the highest order, 
and was received with every conceivable 
demonstration of approval. 

Following the quartette came our 
own Stuart Reid. Bro. Reid held the 
attention of the vast audience from the 
start, and judging from comments made 
the hit of the afternoon. You all know 
Bro. Reid; he is as Mr. Kipling would 
say, all 'ot sand and ginger. The 
brother was in excellent fettle and 
eclipsed himself. Words cannot de- 
scribe the pride of the members of No. 
304 after that speech. I am certain that 
Bro. Reid has given the Machinists of 
this city a prestige that must be pro- 
ductive of good results. Bro. Keid 
closed his speech with an impassioned 
peroration that provoked thunders of 
applause. Bro. Reid was ably seconded 
by the war horse, our or^anizer^ Bro. 
Geo. Cameron. Bros. Reid and Cam- 
eron make a team and a dog under the 

After the meeting Bros. Reid and 
Cameron, with M. M. Chas. Burgess, 
of No. 304; Thos. Purcell, Secretary, 
and several brothers of No. 304, and 
Bro. Wilson, of Loyal No. 400, held a 
short love feast at the hall of No. 304. 
In the evening the assembly held a ban- 
quet, at which Bro. Reid duplicated his 
triumph of the afternoon. Bro. Cam- 
eron also added to his laurels. Bro. 
Reid spoke on general organization. 
Bro. Purcell spoke for the local union, 
No. 304. Altogether it was a red letter 
day for our splendid organization. This 

Digitized by 




is all the more to be wondered at as 
Jersey Cijy has generally been regarded 
as being hoodooed as far as labor or- 
ganizations go. 

Bro. Cameron and Bro. Reid did 
justice to the good things provided. By 
the way, pay no attention to stories of 
Bro. Reid*s being a physical wreck. I 

sat next to Bro. Reid at the tabic and 
refuse to believe him on that score. 
Long live the International Association 
of Machinists! 

Yours fraternally, 

Secretary No. 304. 


Shall I now speak to the poor, after 
m vain having implored the rich? Yes, 
it is fitting. This, then, have I to say 
to the disinherited: Keep a watch on 
your formidable jaw. There is one rule 
for the rich — to do nothing, and one 
for the poor — to say nothing. The poor 
have but one friend — silence. They 
should have but one monosyllable: 
Yes. To confess and to concede — this 
is all the "rights" they have. **Yes" to 
the Judge; "Yes" to the King. The 
great, if it so please them, give us 
blows with a stick. I have had them. 
It is their prerogative, and they lose 
nothing of their greatness in cracking 
our bones. Let us worship the sceptre, 
which is the first among sticks. 

If a poor man is happy he is the 
pickpocket of happiness. Only the 
rich and noble are happy by right. The 
rich man is he who, being young, has 
the rights of old age; being old, the 
lucky chances of youth; vicious, the re- 
spect of good people; a coward, the 
command of the stout-hearted; doing 
nothing, the fruits of labor. 

The people fight Whose is the 
glory? The King's. They pay. Whose 
the magnificence? The King's. And 
the people like to be rich in this fash- 
ion. Our ruler, King or Croesus, re- 
ceives from the poor a crown apiece 
and renders back to the poor a 
farthing. How generous he is! The 
colossal pedestal looks up to the pigmy 
superstructure. How tall the manikin 
is! He is upon my back. A dwarf has 
an excellent method of being higher 
than a giant; it is to perch himself on 
the other's shoulders. But that the 
giant should let him do it, there's the 
odd part of it; and that he should 
honor the baseness of the dwarf, there's 
the stupidity. Human ingeniousness. 

The equestrian salute, reserved for 
Kings alone, is an excellent type of roy- 
alty. Let us be frank with words. The 
capitalist who steals the reward of labor 
is a king as well as the man of blood. 
The King mounts himself on the horse. 
The horse is the people. Sometimes 
this horse transforms himself by de- 
grees. At the beginning he is an ass; 
at the end he is a lion. Then he throws 
his rider to the ground, and we have 
1643 in England and 1789 in France, 
and sometimes he devours him, in 
which case we have in England 1649 
and in France 1793. 

That the lion can again become a 
jackass, this is surprising, but a fact. 

What happiness to be again ridden 
and beaten and starved! What happi- 
ness to work forever for bread and 
water! What happiness to be free from 
the delusions that cake is good and life 
other than misery! Was there anything 
more crazy than these ideas? Where 
should we be if every vagabond had his 
rights? Imagine everybody governing! 
Can you fancy a city directed by the 
men who built it? The are the team, 
not the coachman. What a godsend is 
a rich man who takes charge of every- 
thing! Surely he is generous to take 
this trouble for us. And then he was 
brought up to it; he knows what it is; 
it is his business. A guide is necessary 
for us. Being poor, we are ignorant; 
being ignorant, we are blind; we need 
a guide. But why are we ignorant? 
Because it must be so. Ignorance is 
the guardian of virtue! He who is ig- 
norant is innocent! It is not our duty 
to think, complain, or reason. 

Be reasonable, poor man. You were 
made to be a slave. 

Not to be a slave is to dare and do. 

Digitized by 


Printers issued seven charters last 

New York has an Italian typographi- 
cal union. 

Terre Haute, Ind., carpenters have 

Georgia unionists will form a state 
federation soon. 

Street car men of Cincinnati are tak- 
ing steps to form a union. 

The largest chewing gum factory in 
the world is at Cleveland, O. 

There is more talk in Europe of a 
universal strike of dock laborers. 

Manitoba is short on servant girls. 
Wages paid are from $15 to $20 per 

Denver Trades Assembly has been 
injunctioned from boycotting a scab 

Philadelphia barbers are making a 
desperate struggle to prohibit Sunday 

Theatrical employes in Chicago are 
pushing a bill to abolish Sunday per- 

There are 545 unions of locomotive 
firemen in the United States, Canada 
and Mexico. 

The New York union will give the 
vegetable farm for the unemployed 
another trial. 

Detroit has a telephone girls* union 
starting out with a charter member- 
ship of seventy. 

\ machine is being placed in large 
laundries with which 12,000 collars a 
day may be ironed. 

By a new system introduced by the 
owners of the new Boston union de- 
pot, one man will switch 750 trains 

The Pennsylvania Tube Company, 
employing several thousand men, hac 
advanced the wages of all employes 10 
per cent. 

Labor organizations are booming in 
Toledo, O. During the past month 
seven trades unions and a non-partisan 
political club of workingmen were 

The Saranic woolen mill of Black- 
stone, Mass., has started up on full 
time after being shut down for five 
years. About 500 hands will be given 

The working people of Italy are slow- 
ly organizing their unions again, which 
were disrupted by the government up- 
on the occasion of the insurrection 
about nine months ago. 

Carpenters' Union, No. 55, of Denver, 
has formed a carpenters' union hall 
company, with $10,000 capital stock, to 
erect a hall in that city, and has been 

The woolen mill of Edwin Hoyle & 
Son, of West Millbury, Mass., started 
up on full time this week. The factory 
has been shut down for some weeks on 
account of the dull state of the market. 

It is reported that a socialist alliance 
of cigarfnakers in New York is about 
to issue a union label to compete with 
the long-established and recognized 
blue label of the International Cigar- 
makers' Union. 

The employes of the Creole Cigar 
Company, of Lansing, Mich., were 
locked out recently and the factory 
closed indefinitely — the result of a lit- 
tle misunderstanding with the Cigar- 
makers' Union. 

The supreme court of Utah has up- 
held the constitutionality of the Utah 
law prohibiting the employment of 
yoqng women and children for more 
than eight hours in mines and other 
specified unhealthful occupations. 

Indiana Federation of Labor will 
bring suit against the Beatty Flint Glass 
Works at Dunkirk for discharging 
union workmen and for compelling 
union men to sign an iron-clad agree- 
ment. This used to be a fair concern. 

A strike of seventy-two tenders and 
shove boys caused a total suspension 

Digitized by 




of work at the Chambers-McKee win- 
dow glass factory at Jeannette, Pa. The 
plant is the largest in the country and 
employs 900 men. The boys want their 
wages increased 10 per cent. 

The Amundson Printing Company of 
" Chicago has instituted a suit for $25,- 
000 ap:ainst the ofHcials of the typo- 
graphical union for ordering a strike of 
its employes. The damages are alleged 
to be due to injury to their business 
from shutting down the plant. 

A unique movement in the history 
of organized labor has been set on foot 
at Muncie, Ind., which is a plan to 
organize the housewives of that city in- 
to a union to co-operate with the cen- 
tral labor body in a crusade against 
non-union storekeepers and others. 

The New York Sun says that co-op- 
eration has really taken hold of the 
farmers of Minnesota and is extending 
to all their trading operations. They 
have 140 co-operative insurance com- 
panies, carrying insurance to the 
amount of ^5,000,000. There is co- 
operative grain buying and selling, cc> 
operative stores and lumber yards, coal 
yards and the like. 

At a meeting of the city council of 
Kansas City, Kan., last week a resolu- 
tion was introduced instructing the le- 
gal department to draft an ordinance 
providing that all contract work of the 
city be done by union men. The reso- 
lution was adopted and the ordinance 
will probably be brought up for con- 
sideration at the next meetmg of the 

State Labor Commissioner Cox of 
Michigan has investigated the cases of 
3.394 women workers in the state and 
finds their wages to average 84 cents a 
day. The investigation was among 
what is termed the better class of 
workers — forewomen, office clerks, 
stenographers, saleswomen, printing 
office employes, milliners, tailoresses, 
etc. Seventy-four per cent of all in- 
vestigated were Americans. 

John Burns writes that the number of 
industrial accidents every year in the 
United Kingdom averages 400,000. He 
points out that a thousand miners are 
killed annually, that 1,334 British sailors 
were lost at sea last year, that more men 
were killed in building a large dock 
than in the battle of Balaklava, and that 
more workers are killed and injured in 
London each week than all the fatalities 
of the recent Egyptian campaig^n 
amount to. The major portion of these 
accidents would never occur but for 
the greed of capitalism. 

A strike of the train hands employed 
on the Brooklyn bridge occurred lasi 
month, and after congesting traffic for 
twenty-five minutes ended in favor of 
the men. The cause of the strike was a 
new time and pay schedule prepared by 
the elevated railroad company which 
cut down the earnings of the men. 
About 5,000 people cross on the ele- 
vated cars every hour from 6 to 9 
o'clock in the morning. The strike 
commenced at 7 A. M., and the thou- 
sands of travelers were compelled to 
walk across the big structure or take 
the trolley cars. The surface cars soon 
became jammed with an impatient mass 
of disgusted citizens. The railroad 
company took down the new schedule 
and put up the old one, and at 7:25 
the strike was over and the trains run- 
ning again as usual. 

There is great indignation in Ger- 
many at the outrageous sentence im- 
posed on ten carpenters in Dresden, 
who were sent to prison for a total of 
53 years for assaulting a brutal con- 
tractor who compelled his employes to 
work overtime. Two socialist dailies 
have already collected over $13,000 for 
the maintenance of the families of the 
prisoners, and the Socialists in and out 
of Parliament are denouncing the gov- 
ernment for the persecution of the car- 
penters. The agitation has become so 
widespread that the crazy Emperor 
William has instructed his hirelings in 
the Reichstag to withdraw the bill pro- 
viding for imprisonment of strikers who 
intimidate or persuade others from 

Digitized by 







OM£ people cannot quite ad- 
just their minds to the idea of 
co-operation with the sep>i- 
rateness of families and the 
development of the indi- 

You know about the houses — that 
each family has a house, however small, 
to itself, while laundry work and getting 
of meals are done out of the house. 

On coming to the colony one is re- 
quested to go to the laundry and get a 
number. You there register and take 
the number next in order. This num- 
ber must be legibly worked on every 
article that you put in the wash. The 
washings are put up and placed in some 
convenient and easily-discovered spot 
on leaving the house on Monday morn- 
ing, and some time before a P. M. are 
gathered up and taken to tne laundry, 
whence they are returned later in the 
week, rough-dry, to the married wom- 
en, ironed to all single men and women, 
as they work nine hours (the bachelors 
are not commonly supposed to be very 
good ironers, anyway). 

I am asked so often about the meals 
that I shall try to make it, also, clear. 

The top story of the printery is de- 
voted to the dining-room, kitchen and 
paring-room. Over this department 
there is in charge a man whom we des- 
ignate as "the landlord." His duty is to 
order supplies of every description, and 
see that everything is attended to 
promptly and properly. Under his su- 
pervision are the five or six women in 
the paring-room who prepare fruits, 
vegetables, etc., for cooking; the four 
men cooks, who work in the kitchen, 
and the twenty-iive to thirty women and 
girls who wait upon as many tables. He 
has to keep a record of the time of each 
person, see that substitutes are pro- 
vided in case of absence from sickness 
or other cause, and in general spread 
such a gentle and benig^n influence, be- 
ing meanwhile so thoughtful and provi- 
dent as to maintain constant harmony, 
peace and plenty. In addition, the 
"stranger within our gates" is his espe- 

cial care, and he sees that shelter and 
food fall to his portion. From this you 
can easily see that the position of land- 
lord is no sinecure, and if you be keen 
you will also learn that, whether visitor 
or member, it is wise and well to smile 
oft and sweetly upon this man of power. 

Meals are served at 6 A. M., 12 noon 
and 5 P. M., the whistle blowing at each 
named hour to indicate that it is time 
to assemble. 

Each table seats ten people, and each 
person has, by common consent, his or 
her regular place, families naturally 
grouping together. 

At the close of the meal each waiter 
carries a pan of hot water to her table 
and washes the dishes, immediately re- 
placing them where they belong. In 
about twenty minutes all the mass of 
dishes is disposed of and order restored. 

When one is ill, or for any reason 
wishes a meal or meals at home a 
basket can be taken to the kitchen and 
supplies of all food prepared are g^iven 
out. Similar provision is made for 
mothers taking home bread, milk, etc.. 
with which to supply the needs of small 
children in the intervals between the 

Any one who gets hungrjr can at any 
time obtain food bv going to the 
kitcl^en and asking for it. There is 
never need for anyone to be hungry in 

*'And how does this co-operative 
housekeeping work?" That is always 
the first question, as, indeed, it always 
is in regard to everything in Ruskin. 
Theories are all very well, but what are 
the results of practical tests? Of course, 
we do not feel that we have attained 
perfection. Many are looking forward 
to a time when our increased material 
resources will render it possible to have 
more and smaller dining-rooms and 
greater quietude— even separate rooms 
for each family we hope some dav to 
attain, and to be able like the people in 
"Looking Backward" to order exactly 
what we please, when we please, and 
how we please, and have it served 
where and how we please. 

These, however, are